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Full text of "A twentieth century history and biographical record of north and west Texas. Capt. B.B. Paddock, editor"

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ag^Mt^^^^^^ 



A Twentieth Centur 



HISTORY 

AND 

BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD 



OF 



NORTH AND WEST TEXAS 



CAPT. B. B. PADDOCK 



ILLUSTRATED 
Volume II. 



THE LEWIS PUBLISHING CO. 

Chicago New York 

iqo6 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/twentiethcenturyOOpadd 



1132468 



INDEX 



. 



Abbott, Haskell S., 524 
Able, James M., 664 
Akin, Joseph W., 219 
Alexander, James F., 417 
j Alexander, James M., 417 
Allen, W. Henry, 129 
Allgood, Baylus C, 325 
Allin, Phil T., 153 
Anderson, George, 296 
Anderson, James, 334 
Anderson, John A., 295 
Anderson, Robert G., 565 
Anderson, Thomas M., 49 
Anderson, Thomas 0., 372 
Andrews, Edd, 152 

(Andrews, John, 348 
Anthony, W. E., 281 
Archer, B. F., 389 
Armstrong, Eli, 364 
. Arnold, Albert G., 463 
Arnold, Robert F., 265 
Austin, William H., 547 
Avis, James D., 579 
Aynes, James W., 571 
Ayres, William A., 487 

' Back, Jacob M., 88 
Badger, James B., 495 
Sj Bailey, Thomas D., 650 
Baker, Ed C, 242 

J Baker, John W., 368 
Baker, T. F., 460 
Bales, Joseph C, 190 
Ball, Thomas L., 497 
Ball, William T, 333 
Barber. George P., 261 
Barkdull, Charles R., 68 
Barksdale, Abner E., 243 
Barrow, J. G., 642 
Bates, David H., 61 
Baum, Oscar H., 383 
Beall, J. H., 382 
Bean, Charles W., 119 
Bean, Robert, 712 
Beard, Campbell B., 237 
Beasley, Marion, 611 
Beckham, Robert E„ 190 
Bell, Brooks, 543 
Berry, George S., 415 
Bevering, August H.. 47 
Biggar, Henry F., 361 
Birk, Charles, 174 
Bivins, Lee, 178 
Black, R. C, 347 
Blackstock, J. W., 70 



Blanton, John B., 550 
Blanton, William L., 144 
Blocker, James M., 695 
Boedeker, Christian H., 89 
Boggess, I. H., 223 
Booth, Landon, 345 
Booth, Rufus, 267 
Bourland, Samuel R., 540 
Bowyer, W. McD., 370 
Boyd, Frank D., 96 
Brant, Daniel C, 352 
Brashear, Elijah, 564 
Brashear, James P., 36 
Brazeal, George W., 38 
Brewington, Charles, 479 
Brock, James A., 696 
Brooks, Lewis P., 27 
Brooks, Price W.. 42 
Brown, Abb J., 112 
Brown, Charles E., 450 
Brown, Elisha P., 131 
Brown, Frank F., 306 
Brown, Henry C, 157 
Brown, Henry P., 79 
Brown, Louia B., 199 
Brumbelow, Nathaniel, 227 
Buck, Thomas, 546 
Burch, Jesse C, 247 
Burgess, James A., 65 
Burnam, Joseph. 22 
Burns, F. M., 544 
Burrus. John A., 496 
Bush, E. F., 679 
Butler, J. W., 46 

Cagle, A. P., 289 
Camp, Sterling V., 196 
Cansler, Marcus D., 231 
Cantey, Samuel B., 267 
Carlton, Eli E., 8 
Carmichael, J. B., 236 
Carpenter, Jesse H., 327 
Carter, James C, 713 
Carter, Josiah M., 465 
Cartwright, Thomas J.. 14'J 
Casey, Alfred T., 343 
Cason, William L., 492 
Castleberry, Stewart, 217 
Caswell, Benjamin S., 626 
Cate, William L., 75 
Cearley, John L., 320 
Celum, John, 590 
Chandler, Alonzo W., 538 
Chandler, Thomas J., 20 
Chase, Liola W., 455 



Chilton, William E., 86 
Citizens' National Bank, 479 
Clark, David W., 273 
Clark, E. W., 652 
Clark, Leigh, 685 
Clark, Reuben G., 105 
Clark, Sterling P., 177 
Clayton, George, 426 
Clayton, J. F., 377 
Cleveland, Jack M., 287 
Cleveland, Mason, 85 
Coe, E. T., 16 
Coker, Joseph J., 705 
Coleman, P. C, 379 
Collier, James S., 10 
Collins, J. W., 474- 
Collins, Thomas B., 103 
Cooke, William H., 187 
Cope, Lawson L., 285 
Coppage, Thomas E., 495 
Cornett, William L., 484 
Coursey, James T., 647 
Cowan, James I. G., 257 
Craddock, L. L„ 605 
Craig, George H., 314 
Craig, William D., 315 
Crites, Daniel V., 191 
Crockett, W. B., 405 
Cross, William M., 287 
Crump, John G., 45 
Cubine, William H., 240 
Cullum, David S., 594 
Cummins, James A., 98 
Cummins, William S., 169 
Cunningham, David, 607 
Cunningham, Milton W., 13 
Cunningham, R, W., 291 
Curlin, T. H., 140 
Curlin, T. G., 140 
Currie, Alexander H., 130 
Curtsinger, George W., 95 
Cutbirth, J. B., 435 
Cyrus, Charles V., 133 

Dale, James E.. 146 
Davenport, John R., 554 
Davis. Samuel M., 4 
Davis, William R., 369 
Day. W. L.. 593 
Dean, Caloway, 171 
Deaver. Houston E., 1 57 
Decker, Davis E.. 167 
Denny, Leslie C, 155 
Devereux, Albert, 58 
Dillard, W. W., 374 



INDEX 



Dixon, E. B., 6fi7 
I).. Ian. Pat, 57H 

Donnell, Jacob, - 

I )( mnell, Thomas I ,61 
Donnell, William 1... 67 
I).-,. D B !32 
Douglass, William S, 179 
Dowd, Francis M.. 601 
Dowlen, Charles \l . 118 
I >raughon, fames \\ '.. L73 
Driskill, S. I... 134 
Dryden, .1 \ . 122 
Dubbs, Emanuel, 381 
Duggan, Ed, 220 
Duncan, John B., L49 
Dunn. James B., 396 
I limn, fames 1 1 ., 649 
Dunson, William II.. 329 
I >uring, Charles \ . 67 I 
Dye, I. Lee, 124 
Dyer, fames C, 376 



.arnest, C. H., 104 
dgin, David I... 357 

Edwards, George W., 502 

illis. rasper X.. 534 
II, s, Merida G., L14 

■ iiiln\ . John A.. 226 
ntrekm. John P., 182 

Lpps, Martin A . 373 

Lrwin, Ben iamin I , i 16 

Dvans, V X . 315 



I 
I 
I 
I 
I 
I 

i m . I 
Evans, j. 



armer, Andrew .1 .. 62! 
aught, T. J . 656 
erguson, [ohn I' . 158 
errell, Charles C, 51c 
etherston, Robert IS.. 3 
ields, W. \\ . 193 
incher, Edward V. 25 
ink. William W . 185 
irsl National Bank of 
.li-. \\ II . 278 
it/Gerald. Robert 1 1.. 
leming, William S., :.'i 
lournoy, Vllen I i . 582 
\\ illiam I . 2" 
oyd fack P., 500 
ly, David R . 639 
ord. Griffin, 559 
ord, foseph B., 194 
oster, Rob< rl \ . 33 
razar, Jam,- \ . i:, 
reeman, William R . i 
riberg, \\ ill. 386 

: fai vc\ X.. 692 



( iambill. Jesse I' . 600 
i i.imi. I. inn- ( ' . 39 | 
< larrison, [oscoli 1 1 . 13! 
Gault, loseph K . 532 
Geers, Charli • \\ . 132 

[ohn I- '.. 504 
Gibbs, William P., 350 
Gibson. Barne\ G., R0 
Gibson, [am I 17 
Gilliland, lesse I- . in 
Gilmnre, William I . 97 



I rlasgi >w, John, 633 
Glasgow, John II.. 4-52 
Glasscock, Albert II.. 441 

«'■ le, John V.. 62 

G [fellow, John J., 66 

Goodwin. Thomas IX, 518 
Gore, Allen, 027 
( lore, \.mos M., 54 i 
Goree, Robert 1 >., 4.".:, 
Gough, L\ sius, 588 
Gowan, Garrett H.. 413 

3 ( rowan, Richard T., 147 
Gowan, Robert S„ 540 
( rragg, Marshall F., 317 
Graham, James A., 120 
Grant. William S., 684 
Graves, Edes E., 7 
Graves, Miles A., 307 
Gray, James N. B., 263 

r Grayum, F. J., 46S 
Green, Marion, 395 
Greenwood, Thomas J., 486 
( rregory, William J., 680 

;' Crogan. Edward. 52 

| Grogan, Royal W.. 406 
Gwaltnv, William L.. 580 



Hagler, John S„ 200 
Hamilton, John W.. 250 
Hamilton, Thomas P., 036 
I [arding, John W., 701 
Harris, William A., 603 
I I a rn sun, James L., 160 
Harrison, William B., 47 
llartsell. Isaac J.. 328 
Haves. James G.. 60S 
I layter, John P., 342 
Hazelwood, George W., 294 
Hazzard, P. A., 570 
Heath. Samuel F., 40 
Hedrick, John A.. 103 
I [enderson, Joseph M.. 39 
Hensley, John A., 341 
I lerrin, John \\ '.. 658 
I lernn.-;, David T., S4 
I [ighsmith, Frank C, 563 
I [ighsmith, Joseph S., 419 

I [ightower, lames 1 1,. 21 i 

I I ill. David G., 354 
Hobbs, Charles W., 322 
Hodge, Charles \\'.. :.• 

I lodges, George II 556 

Hodges, loseph X.. oki 
Hodges, William C. lo:, 
Hoffman, Ezekiel I.. 517 
Holbrook, Francis L., 537 
Holbrook, Mm R., 710 
Holland. Thomas [.. 472 
I loll, s. \\,ll, am li.! ;,I0 
Holmes. David W., 63 
Honea, lolm L. 97 



ward, M ill 
ward. \\ illi 
well. Rich; 
wk, Vndrc 
dgins, I'.ela 



Hudgins, William D., 185 
Hudson, Isaac. 477 
Hudson, William G., 530 
Huff, Robert E., 14 
Huff, Sterling P., 198 
Hughs, Calvin C, 271 
Humphries. Charles S., 438 
Hunt, David L., 225 
Hunt, George W., 653 
Hum, William, 138 
Hyde, Richard W., 161 

Ingram, George W., 535 
Irvin, T. A., 446 
Isaacs, William C, 208 
I shell, James M., 371 

Jackson, Andrew, 115 
Jackson, Isaac N., 446 
Jackson, J. Len. 217 
Jeffress, R. A., 365 
Jenkins, Zeb, 6 
Jenne, Frank T., 645 
Jenne, Richmond C, 644 
Johnson. Albert W., 526 
Johnson, Frank, 575 
Johnson, Roland J„ 660 
Johnson, William B., 258 
Jones, Charles W., 204 
Jones, Henry M., 486 
Jones, H. R., 402 
Jones, Jesse L., 618 
Jones, Nathan L., 452 
Jones, Thaddeus K., 113 
Jordan, Anna, 274 
Justice, Augustus L., 711 

Kaufman Brothers, 559 
Kaufman, David S., 560 
Kaufman, Peter S., 559 
Keck, Nelson, 124 
Kelly, William S., 470 
Kemp, Joseph A.. 444 
Kennedy, Ed, 481 
Kennedy, Jesse, 567 
Keyser, Peter B., 321 
Kibbie, Kent V., 205 
Kinder, Linus S., 142 
King, C. M., 702 
King. S. M„ 255 

Lair, Lvcurgus C. 607 
Lamb. William R., 631 
Lambeth, M. C. 561 
Landrum, Benson, 74 
Lane, Fred, 429 
Lane, W. P., 501 
Langford. William W.. 337 
Lasiter, Thomas G., 499 
I. ay. William M„ 197 
Leatherwood, Daniel S., 04: 
Leavitt. Nathan, 525 
Leeson, John T., 500 
Lehane, John F„ 228 
LeMond, Robert F., 91 
Leverette, John A., 297 
l.e\ ersedge, Lionel S.. 154 
Lewis, Thomas E., 405 
lapse. mill, Cuvier, 331 
Logan, Thomas IL. 502 
Long, Charles 1)., 533 



INDEX 



Long, James F., 202 
Long, William H., 498 
Lory, Jacob J., 664 
Lowrance, Lans.on E., 219 
Lutz, John E., 676 
Lydon, John J., 166 

Mabry, Isaac, 661 
Maddox, James H., 57 
Maddox, James M., 340 
Maddox, John W., 568 
Maddox, Walter T., 72 
M alone, Alonzo L., 82 
Manning, James D., 93 
Manry, W. T., 466 
Marks, Thomas M., 239 
Marlett, Frank, 23 
Marrs, Samuel T., 221 
Martin, Andrew J., 519 
Martin, John A., 78 
Martin, Joseph H., 155 
Martine, William B., 420 
Massie, James M., 30 
Matney, Elisha A., 428 
Matthews, John H., 449 
Maxwell, James, 517 
McCall, James L. L., 461 
McCall, J. S., 436 
McCampbell, Andrew, Jr., 109 
McCan, Andrew J., 312 
McClure, Albert G., 387 
McCracken, John W., 162 
McCrary, Joseph N., 54 
McCnrdy, Thomas S„ 261 
McCutcheon, William A., 551 
McDaniel, James P., 423 
McDonald, Clark, 614 
McGaughy, Henry C, 439 
McGhee, Percy W., 507 
McGlasson, Henry C, 285 
McGown, George Q., 37 
McGrady, C. F., 620 
McGrady, John M., 586 
McKenna, Charles J., 75 
McKenzie, F. E., 572 
McLaren, George H., 31 
McMordie, Oscar R., 207 
McMurray, Joe, 624 
McNabb, James M., 677 
McNeely, Thomas J., 230 
McNutt, James A., 453 
McPeak, Flavious G., 167 
McRae, Duncan, 159 
McRimmon, David O., 424 
Meadows, Joseph P., 689 
Merchant, Washington B., 489 
Merrick, Sterling P., 304 
Merriman, Theodore, 210 
Metcalfe, Charles B., 093 
Meyer, John, 3 
Middlebrook, John F., 299 
Middleton, Drewry L., 615 
Milam, Robert F., 11 
Milburn, John W., 659 
Miller, J. R, 690 
Miller, Levin T., 1 
Miller, Seldon J., 71 
Miller, Will A., Jr., 41 
Mills, Morris H., 326 
Mitchell, B. L., 635 
Moberley, William O., 451 



Molsbee, Abraham, 311 
Moore, John, 391 
Moore, Napoleon B., 303 
Moore, William E., 634 
Morrison, James Q., 87 
Morrison, John E., 283 
Morrow, James S., 478 
Morton, William A., 336 
Mosely, Luke T., 596 
Moyer, Lewis J„ 180 
Mulholland, Henry A., 151 
Mulkey, E. F., 714 
Mulkey, George H., 121 
Mullens, James G., 118 
Mundv, Herbert M., 613 
Mundy, John J., 477 
Murchison, Robert W., 318 
Murrell, John A., 704 
Myers, Robert A., 510 
Myers, William H., 76 

Nation, David, 469 
Nations, Joseph H., 480 
Newby, William G., 397 
Newman, Ezekiel S., 548 
Nicholson, Emmett W., 180 
Noble, Albert G., 713 • 
Nobles, Joshua, 214 
Nuckolls, William S., 491 
Nunnally, Jesse J., 186 
Nutter, Ben, 505 
Nye, Henry W., 50 

Oates, Oscar E., 529 
Obermeier, Fred, 10 
Odell, Daniel W., 164 
O'Keefe, Rufus W., 305 . 
Orrick, Eugene C, 181 
Overstreet, Stephen H., 689 
Owen, Thomas J., 346 
Owens, Henderson P., 564 
Owsley, Alvin C, 106 

Padelford, S. C, 53 
Paine, T. P., 300 
Parker, Presley S., 490 
Parker, William R., 130 
Parmley, William H., 539 
Parr, Berry T., 222 
Parr, John D., 355 
Patterson, H. B., 459 
Payne, David M., 359 
Peckham, William H., 44 
Pedigo, James D., 313 
Peer}-, Terry H. C, 316 
Penney, P. Barrett, 282 
Person, A. G„ 407 
Pettus, J. J., 512 
Phagan, Thomas P., 488 
Pickens, James D., 511 
Pierce, Burrell L., 618 
Pittman, Marcus M., 48 
Plaster, Ben, 638 
Poe, Oliver P., 123 
Poindexter, John G., 362 
Poole, Robert A., 2 
Pope, John B., 175 
Porter, William E., 360 
Powell, James C, 209 
Powell, Thomas E.,'430 
Powell, W. C, 431 



Powers, Tom, 507 
Preston, Isaac N., 641 
Price, Thomas E., 14 
Pritchard, Littleton G., 191 
Proctor, James A., 570 
Puckett, Sarah, 268 
Pulliam, James T., 135 

Quillen, C. E., 284 

Raht, Adolphus W., 212 
Raines, Charles B., 280 
Raines, John W., 357 
Ramser, Sam P., 19 
Ramsey, Elisha S., 673 
Ramsev, W. F., 60 
Randell, Choice B., 681 
Rea, William M., 403 
Read, Edwin T., 143 
Read, James K., 306 
Reeder, Crawford B., 212 
Rexford, Ensign, 204 
Reynolds, A. C, 182 
Rice, Elmer A., 26 
Rich, John A., 246 
Richardson, Andrew R., 6 
Richardson, Jefferson C, 595 
Richardson, Lewis T., 213 
Risley, Noah, 188 
Risley, Ward, 259 
Roberson, James F., 637 
Roberts, John T., 32 
Robinson, William F., 549 
Robinson, Zachary T., 627 
Rogers, Frank M., 69 
Ross, Thomas D., 251 
Russell, B. L„ 448 

Salmon, W. M., 104 
Samples, Alexander W., 629 
Sanders, P. D., 520 
Sanson, Marion, 144 
Savage, Robert, 152 
Sawdon, Robert E., 657 
Scanland, John, 669 
Scarborough, A. O., 655 
Schneider, Oscar C, 527 
Schoolfield, Henry F., 12 
Schrock, John W., 21 
Scott, A. L„ 708 
Scott, George B., 447 
Scott, H. C, 566 
Seale, Alexander J., 362 
Seddon, Simeon T., 293 
Seeds, Ira, 584 
Sharpe, Alfred L., 473 
Sherrill, Richard E., 528 
SherrilL William E., 530 
Shields, William M., 276 
Shirley, James W., 119 
Shown, William A., 128 
Shumake, Charles J., 422 
Shurbet, John H., 328 
Sigmon, David H., 595 
Skeen,- William P., 562 
Sledge, John R., 523 
Small, James M., 81 
Smith, Alfred G., 339 
Smith, Cicero, 599 
Smith, Duncan G., 631 
Smith, D. M., 266 



Smith, Tame- I ., L76 
Smith, I. M- HO 
Smith, Mike I ' 
Smith, William < ,11 I 

Sn i. I [. B . 545 

Sneed, Roberl W . 
Spark-, < ieorge, 390 
Speer, John, 208 

l imes 1 1.. 340 

Si in-. Morris \ .. 19 

Springer, I homas I [., 360 

Hem I 509 
Stallcup, Jol n R., 590 
Stallings, John M., 456 
Stanley, Frank B., 51 
Starr, Barton I [., 351 
Steele, C. H., 512 
Stevenson, Albei I 55' 
Stewart, Clarence K. 706 

. ; J \\\, 55 

Stewart, Rufus K„ I5i 

Stewart, Ulysses S., 571 

:rt. William A., 43 

Stinson, fasper \\ . 349 

Will, 392 
Stout, I V\ . 662 

rge W ., 377 

Strange, James E . 29 

Spencei B., 253 
Strong, Sneed, 108 
Suggs, Leonidas V. L06 
Sutherland, Samuel 1 1 . 598 

John I ,64 
Sweazea, Thomas F., i s i 
Sweet, l irlando L., 16S 
Sweet, William L., 83 

ock, James H„ 139 
ranner, \\ illiam, 9 I 

Ben D. 206 

I aylor, Charlie I 36 



1XDEX 

Taylor, Ennis W., 126 
Taylor, Frank C, 471 

I aylor, Uriah G., 23.5 
Taylor, William T., 522 
Temple. James R., 35 
Thomas. A. C, 682 
1 homas, fames EC., 248 
Thomas, John B„ 529 
Thomas, William M., 073 
Thompson, Augustus W.. 542 
Thompson, Nelson M., 201 
Thompson, Samuel D.. 574 
Thornberrv. Amos L., 685 
Threadgill, Thomas, 335 
Thurston, W r . S., 90 
Tice, Samuel C, 674 
Timmons, J. Worth, 114 

I rippet, William W., L50 
Truesdell, Samuel R., 602 

Tucker, Elijah J., 244 

Tucker. Rowan H, 102 
Turner, lames E., 148 

Tyra, Jesse V., 4s;; 

Tyson, Lewis C. 92 

Valentine, Ira T., 160 
Vanbebber, John C. 707 
Van Sant, James M., 136 
Veale, John W., 86 

Wade, George B., 33S 
Wagner, William M., 59 
Wainscott, Isaac, 348 
Walker, Henry H., 553 
Wantland, William, 186 
Ward, Horry A.. 514 
Webb, A. G.. 442 
Welch, Charles E., 421 
Wellesley, Edward C, 324 
Wells, Henry H., 467 



West, Robert O., 497 
Wester, James K.. 137 
Whatley, George W., 302 
White, James M., 393 
White, Milton J., 158 
Wilkins, Henry A., 275 
Willett, James K., 421 
Williams, Charles E., 464 
Williams, James P., 125 
Williams. John T., 193 
Williams. Joseph G., 476 
Williams. William D., 34 
Williamson, G. G., 409 
Wills, John H., 254 
Wilmeth, A. C, 436 
Wilson, Oswald, 398 
Wilson, Theodore O., 73 
Wilson, William A., 100 
Wilton, H. F., 229 
Winstead, Leonard A., 333 
Wisdom, W. K. P, 623 
Wise, Louis C, 425 
Wolf, Joseph, 323 
Wood, H. R., 393 
Wooten, John W., 429 
Worley, Thomas G., 77 
Worsham, William B., 101 
Wright, John H., 194 
Wright, Reuben, 506 
Wristen, Daniel W., 353 
Wyman, William H., 521 
Wynn, Thomas, 433 
Wynne. Richard M., 110 



Yantis, A. B„ 630 
Yeakley, George W., 50 
Yonge, Arthur, 411 
Young, Hogan, 319 
Youngblood, Thomas J., 202 
Younger, Josephus, 330 



HISTORY 

OF 

NORTH AND WEST TEXAS 



COLONEL LEVIN T.MILLER is a promi- 
nent lawyer and real estate operator at Wichita 
Falls, where he located during its very earliest 
years and where he has ever since been promi- 
nently identified with its great progress and up- 
building. Colonel Miller has a distinguished 
history and is a man of mark in many ways, 
having been a leader in military, political and 
professional affairs from the days of early man- 
hood. 

He was born in Preble county, Ohio, in 
1838. His parents were Levin and Frances 
(Buell) Miller. His father, who was also a 
lawyer by profession, was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, made his home in Preble county, Ohio, 
until 1844, and then moved to Williamsport, 
Indiana, where he died in 1817. Colonel Mil- 
ler's mother was born in Kentucky, was mar- 
ried in Preble county, Ohio, and passed away 
at Williamsport. 

Colonel Miller is an alumnus of Wabash 
College at Crawfordsville, Indiana, where he 
graduated in the scientific department in 1858, 
when twenty years of age. A short time later 
he went west and located at Independence, 
Missouri, where he began the study of law with 
Judge Hovey as preceptor, and in the latter 
part of 1859, when twenty-one years of age, 
was admitted to practice by Circuit Judge 
Hicks at Independence. He returned to Wil- 
liamsport in 1860. At the outbreak of the 
Civil War he raised a company, which was at- 
tached to the Tenth Indiana Infantry as Com- 
pany B, and went out on the three months' 
enlistment, young Miller being its first lieu- 
tenant. This company was engaged at the 
battles of Carrick's Ford, Rich Mountain and 



Beverly. When the three months was up 
Colonel Miller returned home and raised 
another company, Company K, Thirty-third 
Indiana Infantry, and was made captain of this 
company which was a part of the Army of the 
Cumberland under Thomas. From the cap- 
taincy Mr. Miller was promoted to major, to 
lieutenant colonel and then colonel of the regi- 
ment, and during the larger part of his last 
year in the army he commanded a brigade. 
He won every one of these promotions by hard 
and meritorious service on the field, and he was 
one of the most efficient officers the Thirty- 
third Regiment ever had. As an officer of this 
regiment he was at the battles of Wildcat, 
Cumberland Gap, in the battles on the way to 
Atlanta, and was in all the fighting in the siege 
and taking of that city. His time expired after 
the Atlanta campaign and he then came home. 
Owing to his fine army record and his proved 
character and ability, Colonel Miller soon 
came into prominence in the state of Indiana. 
He engaged in the practice of law at Williams- 
port, and in 1865 he was appointed, by Presi- 
dent Johnson, to the office of governor of the 
territory of Montana. He had just married, 
and as his wife did not care to go to the then 
far off country, and as Montana did not at that 
time give evidence of great wealth of resources, 
he declined this appointment and remained at 
Williamsport in law practice. He was among 
the leaders in Republican politics in Indiana, 
and in 1876 was nominated for attorney general 
of Indiana. In this candidacy he stumped the 
state with General Benjamin Harrison, who 
was the candidate for governor; the Republican 
ticket in the state was defeated that year. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



i olonel Miller thus gained a large acquaintance 
with the leading men of Indiana, and he is still 
well remembered in his part of the state. 

Colonel Miller came out to Texas in 1881, and 
for tlie first year was a partner in the law firm 
of ( Tawford & < Crawford at Dallas. In Novem- 
ber, [882, he came to Wichita Falls, which then 
was the mere germ of a town, and the county of 
Wichita had only just been organized. The 
Denver road had also just been completed to 
the place, and the town was beginning that era 
of prosperous development which has since 
made it one of the leading commercial centers 
of north Texas. Colonel Miller has made this 
city his residence ever since, and has been en- 
gaged in the practice of law and in the real 
estate and loan business. Several times he has 
received appointments as special judge of the 
district court. He is a worthy and honored citi- 
zen', and has made a fine record in all lines of 
his mdeavor. 

Colonel Miller was married at Williamsport, 
Indiana, in June, 1865, to Miss Sarah Hichens. 
She was a most highly esteemed woman, and 
her death at Wichita 'halls, on May 26, 1904, 
was the occasion of great sorrow to the hosts 
of friends and acquaintances who have for so 
many years loved and honored this noble 
couple. The one son, Fred S. Miller, is now in 
business in Chicago, the daughter. Miss Mary, 
died at Colorado Spring in September, 1903. 

(II \UI.HS \\. HODGE, M. D. Among 
those who have attained distinctive prestige in 
the practice of medicine and surgery in Ouanah 
and rlardeman county and whose success lias 
come as the result of thorough technical 
information and skill, stands Dr. Charles W. 
Hodge, who is a man of scholarly attainments 
and who has made deep and careful research 
into ilii two sciences to which he is devoting 
his life. Me was horn at Farmersville, Louisi- 
ana, in L853, a son of the Rev. Charles W. and 
Mar) \. (Georg( 1 Hodge. The father was a 
minister in the Methodist church, was a native 
orgia.and his death occurred in Louisiana, 
id also his w ife's. 

In tin- schools of his native city Charles W. 

I lodge recei\ eel his earl) mental training, while 
his medical education was pursued at Tulaue 

University, New Orleans, where he remained 
for four years and graduated with the class of 
1882 llis first prai 1 ice was al 1 ,1 >gt< >w n, 1 m 
the Ouachita river, thence returned to Farmers- 
ville, and in 1884 took up his abode in Alex- 
ander. Erath county, rexas, there continuing 
the practice of his chosen profession until L889. 



In that year he located in Ouanah, and is now 
numbered among the oldest physicians in 
Hardeman county, where he has built up an 
excellent practice and has won the commenda- 
tion of the public and his professional brethren. 
He is also local surgeon for the Fort Worth & 
Denver and the Frisco Railroads, a member 
of the State Medical and the Panhandle Medi- 
cal Societies, a member of the A. F. & A. M., a 
Royal Arch Mason and Knight Templar ; also 
a Knight of Pythias. Dr. Hodge was united in 
marriage to Leona (Gillette) Goshorn. 

ROBERT A. POOLE, who since 1866 has 
been a resident of Johnson county, is now en- 
gaged in business as a grain and feed merchant 
at Cleburne. He was born in East Feliciana 
parish, Louisiana, November 16, 1835, and is a 
son of Orlando L. and Elizabeth (Poole) Poole. 
The father was born in Louisiana and came to 
Texas with his family in the fall of 1836, after 
Texas had become an independent republic. 
He settled in the northeastern district in Bowie 
county at Old Boston, and thirty miles from 
Texarkana and there followed the occupation 
of farming. When the Mexican war was in- 
augurated his health was too poor to allow him 
to enlist, but he furnished another man an 
outfit and money to enter the service. Mr. 
Poole continued to reside in Bowie county 
until 1867, when he removed to Johnson county 
to join his son, Robert A., wdio had arrived 
here the previous year. His remaining days 
were passed in this count}-, his death occurring 
in Cleburne in 1898, while his wife passed away 
in the same year. 

Robert A. Poole was reared to farm life, but 
spent much of his time in mercantile pursuits. 
For about four years before the war he was- 
engaged in merchandising at Dokesville, in the 
southeastern part of Choctaw Nation, Indian 
Territory. In the spring of 1862 he joined the 
Confederate army, going out with Company 
II, First Texas Battalion, which moved east- 
ward to Mississippi. The command was re- 
organized at Corinth and formed into the 
Thirty-second Texas Infantry. Mr. Poole's 
service was mostly in Kentucky, Tennessee, 
Mississippi and Georgia, and in fact he partici- 
pated in all of the most important engagements 
of the Confederate Army of the Tennessee, be- 
ing attached to Bragg's command much of the 
time. The first notable engagement in which 
he participated was at Richmond, Kentucky, 
under General Kirby Smith and later he was 
111 the battle of IVrryville, that state. He was 
also with the army as it left Kentucky going 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



•south and he participated in the battle of Stone 
river, near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Subse- 
quently he entered the Chickamauga campaign 
and participated in the battle of Chickamauga 
under Bragg and was then sent to relieve 
Vicksburg. Following the capitulation of that 
city the army to which he was attached joined 
the Confederate forces opposing Sherman at 
Atlanta, and Mr. Poole was in the siege of that 
city and in various battles of the Atlanta cam- 
paign. He was then with Hood on the cam- 
paign hack toward Nashville, was in the battle 
at that place and afterward moved southward 
to Mobile, his last engagement being at Spanish 
Fort across the bay from the city of Mobile. 
Following the battle of Richmond, Kentucky, 
he became ordnance sergeant. 

When the war was over Mr. Poole returned 
to Bowie county and planted a crop, but it 
proved a failure on account of the Red river 
flood. He then came to Johnson county in 
1866 and has here practically lived since, mak- 
ing his home most of the time in Cleburne. 
He has farmed to some extent in the county, 
but has spent most of his time in mercantile 
life. For three years he conducted business 
at Piano and he is now *& wholesale and retail 
dealer in hay, feed and grain at Cleburne. He 
has sold his farming interests, but has consider- 
able valuable real estate in the city. 

Mr. Poole was married in Bowie county to 
Miss Caroline Hayes, and they have eight 
living- children, Mrs. Ola Keith, Mrs. Ora 
Jacobs, Mrs. Ina White, Mrs. Eddy Pitts, Mrs. 
Effa Cline, Oscar E., Otis H. and Mell. Mr. 
Poole holds membership in the Baptist church, 
while his fraternal relations are with the Ma- 
sons and in his life he exemplifies the benefi- 
cent spirit of the craft. For five years he was 
postmaster at Cleburne, being appointed dur- 
ing President Cleveland's second administra- 
tion. His business activity has been the lead- 
ing feature in a creditable success that makes 
him one of the leading merchants and sub- 
stantial citizens of Cleburne. 

JOHN MEYER. In the settlement of our 
country the German has vied with the Anglo- 
Saxon in the accomplishment of substantial 
and tangible results. The opportunities here 
afforded and the sincere freedom here guaran- 
teed have attracted the hardy and thrifty emi- 
grant from King William's dominions, and the 
addition of this tongue and the infusion of this 
blood have worked beneficent results in the 
promotion of American institutions and in the 
formation of American character. Vigorous in 



mind and body and strong in industrial ten- 
dencies, but with poverty of purse and self-con- 
ceit the typical German begins his career 
among us in a simple, honest and unassuming 
way. With this brief introduction as a tribute 
to their race we beg the indulgence of the 
reader of these pages while we narrate briefly 
the life story of one who was, for more than 
a quarter of a century, a subject of a German 
king. 

John Meyer, one of the few pioneers yet re- 
maining in the Charlie neighborhood of Clay 
county, was born in the Province of Bavaria, 
near Baireuth, February 14, 1841. His father 
was George Meyer and his grandfather was 
John Meyer, both born in the same district as 
our subject. They were farmers and the latter 
was accidently killed, leaving three sons, viz : 
George, John and the other brother John Fred 
by name. George Meyer married Catherine 
Schaurer and was the father of these children, 
namely: John, Catherine, George, Frederick, 
Anna, Thomas, of San Francisco, California, 
and Margaret. 

Our subject obtained a fair education in his 
native land and acquired a knowledge of farm- 
ing from his ancestry. At twenty-five years of 
age he left his old home bound for "the land 
across the sea." He sailed from Bremen on the 
ship Atlantic bound for New York and was 
eighteen days at sea. Heavy seas delayed and 
lengthened the passage (in 1872 the vessel sank 
near New Foundland with all on board). Dis- 
embarking at Castle Garden Mr. Meyer left 
the city in three days for Bay City, Michigan, 
where he secured employment in a shingle mill 
for a time. On coming farther west he located 
in Missouri while visiting an uncle. Hearing 
of the opening of the Osage Diminished Reserve 
in Kansas to actual settlers he made his way 
to that then frontier country and entered a 
tract in Montgomery county. He built a 
settler's shanty, returned to Missouri to better 
prepare himself for the ordeal of "proving up" 
on his land and while absent the party having 
charge of his claim sold it and John was elimin- 
ated from the situation. 

Being thus shut out of a prospective home 
and cast upon the world to drift whither he 
would, Mr. Meyer sought work on the M. K. & 
T. Railway, then building south through Kan- 
sas toward the Indian Territory line. He 
worked on the track about Humboldt and fol- 
lowed its construction south for a few months 
and then went into the restaurant business in 
Chetopa. This location proved only temporary 
and he came to Texas on his next move. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



It was in the year 1870 that he first beheld 
the Lone Star state. He found ready errploy- 
tnent at ranching and in 1872 he drove a herd 
of cattle from Fort Griffin to Colorado, in com- 
pany with others of Chris Pepper's men, and 
when his work was finished in that connection 
of the party, himself included, equipped 
themselves for a buffalo hunt. From October 
till Christinas time they lay out on the great 
plains east of the Rockies and slew buffalo 
almost like birds, taking some three or four 
hundred hides and thousands of pounds of 
meat. Killing buffalo at a water hole was like 
killing rats in a trap and it was this method 
they used in snaring the bison mammoth of 
the plain. Soon after Mr. Meyer went to 
Las Animas, Colorado, and was employed as a 
clerk in a store there till his return to Texas 
in L874. He joined the force of cowboys at 
Curtis's ranch in Clay county. Their Diamond 
I lale property was a well known one and with 
it our subject remained until 1878, earning a 
w age of I v\ enty-five dollars a month and saving 
enough of it to put him in possession of a small 
bunch of cattle of his own. Deciding to engage 
in farming he bought a tract of land near the 
Wichita river and settled on it and began its 
improvement. His farm title coming into 
question and dispute on account of prior claim- 
ants, he was forced to compromise the trouble 
and bought some of his farm the second time. 

A log cabin was the first house to grace 
the surface of Mr. Meyer's farm and one of the 
first houses in the county above ground. It 
had one room and a kitchen and in it he did 
his own housekeeping while trying to farm. 
When he found the lady who has shared his 
joys and sorrows for more than a score of years 
lie took her to this cabin and the real beginning 
of Ins existence dates from that day. They 
own one hundred and seventy acres of Clay's 
rich soil, devoted to grain, cotton and stock. 
Their improvements are substantial and ample 
I'm- their needs and on the whole their combined 
efforts have brought under subjection and 
beautified i me spi »1 i in our earth. 

September 1!'. L880, Mr. Meyer married 
i. a daughter of Alexander Alls, a Mis- 
souri immigranl to Texas. Mrs. Meyer was 
bom in Missouri March :: . 1859. The issue 
of this marriage is William. Emma, Margaret, 
inder, I illie, ( llarence, I fattie, John and 
Eunice. 

John Meyer is a representative citizen. II is 
life has been a bus} one with his affairs and 
In- has contributed a good example toward a 
peaceable and law-abiding community. He 



and his wife have trained their progeny to in- 
dustry, frugality and honorable living and the 
praises of the youthful element of their house- 
hold go out to their parents unstinted. and un- 
restrained. 

SAMUEL M. DAVIS, a prominent farmer 
and dairyman, who is also public cotton weigher 
at Nocona, is numbered among the native sons 
of Texas, his birth having occurred in Fort 
Bend county on the 11th of September, 1854. 
He was reared to farm life and acquired a good 
common school education, which has been sup- 
plemented by the knowledge that he has gained 
through experience and observation. His par- 
ents, William A. and Anna (Green) Davis, 
were both natives of Mississippi, in which 
state they were married and in 1S52 they came 
to Texas, settling first in Fort Bend county, 
where the father, who was an attorney at law, 
made his home for four years. He then re- 
moved to Fannin county and located at Sowells 
Bluff on Red river, where he engaged in gen- 
eral merchandising. He also spent four years 
at that place and then bought land and im- 
proved a farm, remaining there until 1862, when 
he entered the Confederate army as a member 
of Alexander's regiment. He was sent to the 
Indian Territory, where he saw some service, 
but later was discharged on account of his 
age. He then returned home and was soon 
afterward elected county judge. His inter- 
ests and sympathies were with the south, how- 
ever, and he aided in raising a company of 
home guards, of which he was elected captain. 
On the expiration of his first term as county 
judge he was re-elected and while he was act- 
ing in that capacity the war was ended through 
the surrender of General Lee. The period of 
the reconstruction then began and he was re- 
lieved of the office of county judge. He had 
held federal offices before the war, but during 
the reconstruction period he was disqualified 
from voting or holding office. In Fannin county 
he also served for several terms as county com- 
missioner. Before the war he was a slave 
owner and was actively identified with south- 
ern interests. Following his retirement from 
the bench he returned to his farm, but in 1867 
he sold his property, for through the exigencies 
of war he lost the people who had done the 
active work of the farm. He then taught school 
for a number of years, after which he once 
more purchased land and improved another 
Earm in Fannin county, remaining there until 
1885, when he sold out and removed to Mon- 
tague county, where in connection with his 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



son Samuel he engaged in merchandising at 
Duxbury, remaining for two years at that 
place. He then discontinued his mercantile 
labors and again opened up a farm, whereon 
he remained until 1895, when he sold out and 
took up his abode in Nocona, retiring from 
active business life. Without his solicitation, 
however, the people elected him to the office 
of mayor and he served for two terms, giving 
to the city a business-like, progressive and 
public-spirited administration. While he con- 
tinued to make his home in Nocona he spent 
considerable time in visiting his friends and his 
children in other localities and while visiting 
a daughter in Collingsworth county, Texas, 
he became ill and died. Mr. Davis was a man 
of superior native talents and acquired ability. 
He had been liberally educated in Georgetown, 
Kentucky, and in other colleges and had pre- 
pared for the profession of law, becoming a 
capable member of the bar. In his business 
and professional life he made rapid and satis- 
factory advancement, owing to his ability, 
close application and devotion to the public 
good as well as his private interests. He was 
a man whom to know was to respect and 
honor and he was popular in every community 
in which he lived. Active in the work of the 
Methodist church, he served as one of its 
stewards and lived a life in harmony with his 
professions. He was also a member of the 
Masonic fraternity. His wife passed away in 
1856. She was a daughter of T. J. Green, a 
native of the Old Dominion and a distant rela- 
tive of General Green of Revolutionary fame. 
Her father was a prominent planter of Missis- 
sippi and was murdered by his slaves. In his 
family were but two children : Thomas A., 
who spent his declining years in Texas, making 
his home with a son in Ellis county, where he 
died, and Mrs. Anna Davis. 

To Mr. and Mrs. William A. Davis were born 
four children : Juliette, the wife of J. M. 
Whistenhunt; Eliza R., the wife of W. S. 
White, of Montague county; Samuel M. ; and 
Walter F., who died at the age of twenty-one 
years. The mother of these children was a 
devoted member of the Methodist church and 
a most estimable lady. Following her death 
the father married again, his second union be- 
ing with Sarah J. Tackett of Fannin county, a 
native of Illinois, representing one of the lead- 
ing families of Fannin county, where her father 
followed the occupation of farming. Mrs. Davis 
still survives and is now living in Collings- 
worth county, Texas. By this marriage there 



were seven children : William, John, Sidney, 
Anna, Emma, Alice and Sarah. 

Samuel M.Davis, whose name introduces this 
review, is a native son of Texas and is imbued 
with the spirit of enterprise and progress that 
has been the dominant factor in the Lone Star 
state in recent years. Having acquired his 
education in the public schools and gained a 
good knowledge of agricultural pursuits while 
living upon his father's farm, he came to Mon- 
tague county in 1878 and here turned his at- 
tention to the tilling of the soil. Later he joined 
his father in a mercantile venture, which was 
continued for two years and subsequently he 
engaged in teaching school for two terms. In 
1884 he returned to Bonham, where he was 
married, after which he brought his bride to 
Montague county. They began their domestic 
life upon a farm, where they remained until 
1889, when Mr. Davis sold that property and 
in 1890 bought where he now lives near No- 
cona. This was then a tract of raw land upon 
which he has since made all of the improve- 
ments, placing his farm under a good. state of 
cultivation and adding all the modern equip- 
ments and accessories of a model farm of the 
twentieth century. In the fall of 1890 he be- 
came the public cotton weigher of Nocona, 
which position he yet holds. He has been 
successfully engaged in the dairy business for 
twelve years and he follows diversified farm- 
ing, being successful in his varied lines of busi- 
ness. 

Mr. Davis wedded Mrs. Anna McElroy, the 
widow of George McElroy, who had been a 
clerk in a mercantile store in Bonham and at 
his death left four children, whom Mr. Davis 
has reared and educated, doing a good part by 
them. These are: Mrs. Sadie Reed; Oscar, 
who is now a cotton buyer of Ardmore, Indian 
Territory; George, who is in Oklahoma, and 
Jennie, yet at home. Mrs. Davis is a daughter 
of FI. L. Dewitt, a native of Kentucky, who 
became a pioneer settler of Texas and died 
while serving as a soldier of the Confederate 
armv in the Civil War. Seven children have 
been born to our subject and his wife : Samuel 
E., who is now clerking in a dry goods store; 
William, attending school ; Emma, a student 
in the schools of Bonham ; Sidney and Ruth, 
twins ; Kate and Lucy. Mrs. Davis is a worthy 
member of the Christian church, while Mr. 
Davis has adhered to the faith in which he was 
reared — that of the Methodist church. He has 
a wide and favorable acquaintance and is held 
in high esteem by all who know him. In politics 
he is a stanch Democrat, but he has never 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



sought political or public preferment, desiring 
rather to give his undivided attention to his 
business affairs, in which he is meeting with a 
fair measure of success. 

ZEB I E \ K I \ S. Representing as he does two 

oldesl families of this section of the state, 
the Jenkins and Dunns, Zeb Jenkins is well en- 
titled to an honored place in the records of Texas. 
In years of residence he is the oldest citizen of 
Grapevine, where he is well known and most 
highly esteemed. Year by year he has watched 
with deep interest the results of man's labor and 
enterprise, as he gradually transformed the unin- 

i places into thrifty, fertile homesteads 
and flourishing settlements. The Lone Star state 
also claims him as one of her native sons, his 
birth occurring at Jefferson in 1854, his parents 
being E. M. and Ellen (Dunn) Jenkins. 

k. .M. Jenkins was a native of Xortli Carolina. 
Inn was reared in Alabama, from which state he 
removed to Greenwood, Louisiana, and thence 
'(l'n Texas, locating at Jefferson in 1854. 
In the spring of [859 he came with his family 
to Tarrant county, taking up his abode on Grape- 
vine Prairie, where the town of that name now 
stands, and here he opened a small countrv store, 

-i business enterprise of Grapevine. He 

hauled lumber from eastern Texas to build a 

. .nid for a number of wars he conducted 

rcantile enterprise in connection with his 
farming interests, his being the only store in the 
place until after the < ivil War. The town derived 
its name from Grapevine Spring, four miles east, 
and the surrounding country has been called 
Grapevine Prairie as far back as within the 
memory of any inhabitant. Grapevine Spring 
was possibly named by the Indians, to whom it 

■ ell known place, and at this spring Presi- 
dent Sam Houston of the Texas Republic nego- 
tiated a treat) with the Comanche Indians. Mr. 
Jenkins' death occurred in [878, and that of his 
wife in [872. She was a daughter of J. C. Dunn, 
vho located on Grapevine Prairie as early as 
[85] or [852. lie built a log house and therein 
made his h urn for several years, and when set- 

1 fan 1- loi Jie here the neighborhood was 

I''"' somi alii d I Junnville, this being before 

tlie name < Irapevine was given to the little village. 

Mr. Dunn was a Virginian by birth, but was 

reared in Alabama, coming thence to Texas in 

ating near .Marshall, in llarri- 

inty. 

Remaining on the >ld farm and engaging ad 

n it- work- until nineteen ye irs of age /eh 

Jenkins entered his father's store', which, as slated 

above, was the pioneer store of the place. At 



that time the goods were purchased at Galveston, 
the nearest wholesale market, and to which place 
Mr. Jenkins made periodical journeys on horse- 
back. This part of the state was then but sparse- 
ly settled, Dallas being only a small village, while 
Fort Worth was yet to come into existence. He 
remained in his father's store until the latter's 
death, when he took charge and continued the 
business. Subsequently the firm became Jenkins 
& Yates, and in 1896 Mr. Jenkins retired from 
the business, selling his interest to this partner, 
who still continues the enterprise. Mr. Jenkins 
was one of the founders and is vice-president of 
the Grapevine National Bank, a flourishing insti- 
tution founded in 1900, and of which G. E. Bu- 
shong is the president. He is also the owner of 
two fine farms, one three-fourths of a mile and 
the other two miles from the city, where he makes 
a specialty of the raising of hogs, in which he 
has become very successful. Although his busi- 
ness interests have been extensive, he has yet 
found time to devote to public affairs, and for a 
number of years has been well known in Tarrant 
county politics, having frequently been called 
upon to serve as delegate to the county and state 
Democratic conventions. In his fraternal rela- 
tions he is a Mason, belonging to the Blue Lodge 
in Grapevine and the chapter at Fort Worth. 

In Grapevine Mr. Jenkins was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Florence Dorris, a daughter of Dr. 
W. E. Dorris. another well known old pioneer 
citizen of Grapevine, and they have one daughter. 
Edna, at home. Two children are deceased, El- 
len, who died when twelve years old, and Eli M. 
Jenkins, who died at the age of eighteen. 

ANDREW RAMSEY RICHARDSON. It 
is our purpose to portray, in this article, the 
chief incidents in a life wholly devoted to the 
domain of industry and to present a brief 
genealogical outline of a family which has 
borne a modest share in the work of home- 
building in Montague county. Its recognized 
head, the subject of this sketch, dates his ad- 
vent to the county in the year 1881 and his 
career here has been a living exemplification of 
the trite old adage — "strike while the iron is 
hot." 

Andrew P. Richardson learned to work and 
to recognize the value of labor when a boy 
below his teens and it would be a mystery 
indeed if this important part of his education 
had not. in a quarter of a century, brought him 
'Inert and substantial returns. He secured 
only a peep into the house of knowledge and 
the vocation of his fathers was accepted as bis 
own. Mis parents died, when be was a child 




ZEB JENKINS 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



and his uncles looked after his welfare and, 
after a fashion, shaped his destiny until he was 
eighteen years old. At that age he came to 
Texas and stopped first near Centerville, in 
Leon county, from which point he drifted into 
Freestone county and remained about there 
ten years. As he states it, "he managed to 
keep even with the world" until his majority 
was attained, when he went back to Alabama 
after his legacy. As so frequently occurs with 
the management of estates of minor heirs, his 
was so well managed that it showed a shrink- 
age of about two-thirds and he brought back 
to Texas a little over a thousand dollars as his 
portion of his father's estate. 

Unaccustomed to the handling of a large 
sum, Mr. Richardson's start on an independ- 
ent career proved to be a backward one, in- 
stead of forward, and in a short while he found 
himself without means to proceed. By the 
time he had learned how to win in the battle of 
life he had found "bed rock" and then the climb 
up hill began slowly to take place. When he 
came to Montague county he had been drifting 
a little and he continued it for some years 
afterward. He located first at Queen's Peak, 
where, as he expresses it, "he lived on the wind 
for six years" and, in 1887, he located three 
miles east of Bowie and rented land for four 
years. Having had some substantial success 
and being now nerved up to the point, he 
bargained for one hundred and fifty acres of his 
present farm, succeeded in paying it out and 
has added fifty-five acres to his original domain. 
Only a mere hint of what the family passed 
through in its journey from indigency to in- 
dependence is herein possible, but the mis- 
fortunes and disappointments were theirs with- 
out number, but everything was endured but 
the pangs of hunger, and with the wolf lying 
in sight of the cabin door for months matters 
along the road to independence often had a 
desperate look. 

Andrew R. Richardson was born in Sumter 
county, Alabama, March 12, 1853. The state 
of North Carolina gave birth to his father, 
Fernie Richardson, who died at some forty 
years of age. Fernie Richardson married Mar- 
garet Ramsey, whose death occurred prior to 
that of her husband, leaving a family of orphan 
children, as follows. Bryant, who was killed 
in the Confederate army ; Alexander, who died 
in Leon county, Texas, leaving a family ; 
Andrew R., of this notice ; William C:, of Sa- 
lona, Texas, and Margaret, who died in Free- 
stone county as the wife of John Gale. 

January 12, 1880, Andrew R. Richardson was 



married, in Freestone county, Texas, to Miss 
Alabama Presswood, a daughter of Mrs. Mary 
Presswood, an Alabama lady, in Sumter 
county of which state Mrs. Richardson was 
born in the month of February, 1861. The 
children of this union are : Maggie, wife of 
James Jackson, of near Denver, Texas, with 
children, Luella, Lala and Clifton; Sudie, Wil- 
liam, Bryant, Alvin, Samuel, Fenton and 
Eddie. Adda Lee and John are deceased. 

Mr. Richardson's life has been active and 
upright and his face has been always toward 
the world. That he has had a fair measure of 
success has been shown and that he is a repre- 
sentative citizen his neighbors amply testify. 

EDES E. GRAVES. A substantial contri- 
bution to Clay county's citizenship has come 
from the empire of Missouri, a state whose 
natural resources are nowhere surpassed and a 
commonwealth rich in the character, intelli- 
gence and standing of its citizenship. In their 
adopted states her emigrants reflect these sterl- 
ing qualities and take their places abreast of 
the procession of the enterprise and thrift 
wherever present in our broad land. In this 
category of representative citizenship of Clay 
county is enumerated the subject of the fol- 
lowing brief sketch, Edes E. Graves. 

Spottsylvania county, Virginia, was the 
American home, originally, of this branch of 
the Graves family and it was founded there 
by some remote ancestor who was born a sub- 
ject of the British crown. Colby Graves, the 
grandfather of E. E. Graves of this review, was 
a native Virginian, a farmer and slave owner 
who had sons : Edwin, Colby and John, who 
died in their native state, and William F., who 
passed away in Cooper county, Missouri, dur- 
ing the Civil War. 

W r illiam F. Graves was born in 1811, grew 
to manhood among comfortable rural sur- 
roundings and married Ellen Thomson, of 
Louisa county, Virginia, birth. Mrs. Graves' 
natal day was January 3, 1824, and her father 
was William Thomson, also a native of Louisa 
county, but who died in Cooper county, Mis- 
souri, where he settled in 1838. The grand- 
father of Mrs. Graves was Major Thomson, an 
Englishman, who had children: Jacob, David. 
William, Annie, who married a Mr. Goodwin; 
and Mary, who became the wife of Dr. White. 
William Thomson married Rebecca N. Ellis, 
who also died in Cooper county, being the 
mother of : Frances, who first married Thomas 
Woolfolk and afterward became the wife of 
Arthur McCracken; Mary married Spottswood 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



D. Smith; William died in Morgan county, 
Missouri; James died in Boonville, Missouri; 
Alfred died in Virginia; Mildred married Al- 
fred Baker and passed away in Virginia ; Ellen, 
Mrs. Graves, Sallie, wife of Horace Ferguson, 
and Lucy, of Kansas City, Missouri, widow of 
Nicholas Lewis, passed away November 26, 
1905. 

William F. Graves emigrated from his na- 
tive Virginia when a young man and became a 
settler of Cooper county, Missouri. He mar- 
ried there and pursued the life of a farmer and 
there all his children were born. Fie was a 
southern man in sentiment and, while he was 
not in the conflict actively, the ultimate success 
of southern arms would have pleased him most 
and it was known that he entertained such 
sentiments. Toward the end of 1864 he met 
his death at the hands of Federal soldiers at 
Otterville, Missouri, leaving his widow a young 
family to support. His children were: Edwin 
E., of Sulphur Springs, Indian Territory; 
Emma, wife of C. D. Cheaney. of Gainesville, 
3 . Ernes, Mrs. J. F. Jackson, of Ryan, In- 
dian Territory, and Edes E., of this review. 

Bereft of father in infancy and being the 
youngest of the family, E. E. Graves was 
destined to become, and remain the companion 
of his widowed mother. His education was 
limited to the country schools and he cannot 
remember when work was not his chief occupa- 
tion in life. In February, 1879, the family 
settled near Sherman, Texas, but three years 
later removed to Cooke county, where stock- 
raising and farming became his chief diversion. 
In 1883 the family home was established in 
Clay county where his early occupation has 
continued. He owns a farm and pasture 
of six hundred and forty acres, stocked with 
one hundred and fiftj head of cattle. In 1893 
he moved into Bellevue, being one of the first 
residents of the south part of town. As a 
citizen he has been identified with much of the 
enti rprise requiring public spirit to carry out, 
in Bellevue, and has contributed of his private 
to whatever destined to promote the 
welfare of his community. He lias been 
nentl) identified with Clay county politics, 
his face being a familiar one in count} con- 
ventions, and for nine years he was deputy 
sheriff. I [e has gone through < ^\<\ Felloe ship, 
subordinate, encampmenl and Rebekah, and 
has twice been distrid deputy, and as many 
times sent as a delegate to the State Grand 
. an unusual honor and the i >nl\ mem- 
bi i i 'i his li idg< upon u horn this distinction 
has been c» »nfei i ed. 



Mr. Graves was born January 20, 1859, and 
is unmarried. Solicitude for his mother has 
overshadowed that otherwise attractive feature 
of a matrimonial alliance and he has been con- 
tent to remain a bachelor. He is fond of so- 
ciety, is disposed to look upon the bright side 
of life and enjoys a wide acquaintance and 
a host of friends. 

ELI E. CARLTON, M. D. The medical 
fraternity of Montague county has an excellent 
representative in Dr. Eli E. Carlton, who is 
engaged in the practice of his profession at 
Ringgold. He is numbered among the native 
sons of Texas, his birth having occurred in 
Cass county on the 2nd of April, 1866, and al- 
though he was reared to farm life he chose a 
professional career, wherein he has so directed 
his labors that success has followed his efforts. 
He represents pioneer families of this state, his 
parents being William H. and Jane (Hass) 
Carlton. The mother was born in Cass county 
and was descended from one of the honored 
early families of Texas. The father was born 
in Alabama and was a son of Eli Carlton, like- 
wise a native of that state, whence he removed 
to the southwest, becoming a resident of Cass 
county. He was a blacksmith and carriage- 
maker by trade and followed those pursuits in 
his younger years, while later he also extended 
the field of his labor by giving a part of his at- 
tention to agricultural pursuits. He lived a 
quiet, uneventful life, devoted to his business 
affairs, and was without aspiration for political 
office or public honors. His children were: 
William H., John, Thomas, Amanda and 
Margaret. 

Of this family the eldest, William H. Carl- 
ton, horn in Alabama, was a youth of eleven 
\ ears when he accompanied his parents on their 
removal to Texas. The days of his boyhood 
and youth were passed in Cass county and 
there lie was married, subsequent to which 
time he settled on a farm, where he lived until 
after the birth of his first child. Fie then en- 
listed for service in the Confederate army and 
was with the southern troops throughout the 
period of hostilities. He was severely wounded 
at Jenkins' Ferry and with the exception of the 
time needed for the recovery of his health he 
was always on active duty, whether it called 
him to the firing line or stationed him on the 
Lonehj picket line. He saw much hard service 
and underwent the deprivations and exposure 
incident to the life of a soldier, but he never 
wavered in his allegiance to the cause that 
he espoused. When the war was ended he 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



returned to his home and resumed agricultural 
pursuits, to which he devoted his attention for 
many years with a gratifying measure of suc- 
cess. He is now, however, residing near Tex- 
arkana, Texas, where he has a good home and 
is enjoying the fruits of his former toil in a well 
earned ease. He is a stanch Democrat, believ- 
ing firmly in the principles of the party, and 
his fellow townsmen have called him frequent- 
ly to offices of public trust and honor. He has 
thus served in a number of local positions, 
filling the office of justice of the peace for 
twelve years and at one time he was nominated 
by his friends for the office of county judge. 
The cause of education found in him a stanch 
advocate and he provided his children with 
good advantages in that direction. He is a 
man of known integrity and genuine worth, 
whose life is honorable and his actions manly 
and sincere. He was born February 11, 1838, 
and is therefore more than sixty-seven years of 
age at the time of this writing. Fie belongs to 
the Masonic fraternity and to the Baptist 
church and these relationships indicate his 
character and his adherence to honorable 
principles. In 1873 he was called upon to 
mourn the loss of his first wife, who passed 
away in that year. She was a daughter of Mr. 
Hass, a prominent farmer and slave owner and 
a wealthy citizen of Cass county, Texas, who 
possessed good financial ability and was suc- 
cessful in all his undertakings. He died in 
Cass county prior to the Civil War. His 
children were: Jane, who became Mrs. Carl- 
ton; Fannie, Mary, Eliza, Catherine, Henry, 
George and Richard. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Carlton were born five 
children : Maggie, who became the wife of 
John McConnell; William, a trader; Eli E., of 
this review ; Mrs. Amanda Humphrey, and 
Augusta, the wife of W. N. Davis. 

Subsequent to the death of his first wife Mr. 
Carlton was married to Miss Sally Moreland 
of Cass county, Texas, and they have had five 
children : Ada, Mary, John, James and Samuel. 

Eli E. Carlton pursued his early education in 
the common schools and afterward attended 
Huntsville Academy in this state. Later he 
engaged in teaching school for a number of 
terms and was quite successful in his educa- 
tional work,- imparting clearly and readily to 
others the knowledge that he had acquired. 
When about twenty-four years of age he began 
reading medicine under the direction of Drs. 
Peterson and Akard, of Springtown, Texas, 
who remained as his preceptors for two years, 
when in 1892 he matriculated in the Louisville 



Medical College at Louisville, Kentucky. After 
pursuing one course of lectures he passed the 
state board of examiners and entered upon the 
active practice of his profession, to which he 
devoted the succeeding three years. On the 
expiration of that period he attended the Ken- 
tucky School of Medicine for two terms and 
was graduated in June, 1897. After taking his 
first course he settled in Cass county, where 
he opened an office and subsequent to his 
graduation he returned to that locality and 
again took up the active work of the profes- 
sion, in which he continued for one year. He 
soon demonstrated his ability to successfully 
cope with the intricate problems that con- 
tinually confront the physician and was accord- 
ed a liberal patronage, but after a year his 
health failed and he relinquished his profes- 
sional duties for twelve months. He also 
pursued a fourth course in the Louisville 
Medical College and thus promoted his knowl- 
edge and efficiency. 

In 1900 Dr. Carlton located at Ringgold, 
where he yet resides, and here he has built up 
an excellent business, having now a large and 
creditable practice, which indicates the con- 
fidence reposed in him by the general public 
and his thorough understanding of the prin- 
ciples of medicine together with correct ap- 
plication of his knowledge to the needs of 
suffering humanity. Since locating here he 
has given his undivided attention to his pro- 
fessional services and his labors have been 
attended with such gratifying success that he 
enjoys the confidence of his fellow townsmen 
and the people of the surrounding district. His 
office is well equipped with modern appliances 
known to the practice and he is thoroughly in 
touch with the most advanced ideas of the 
profession regarding the practice of medicine 
and surgery. He belongs to the County Medi- 
cal Society and also the North Texas Medical 
Association. 

On the 29th of March, 1893, Dr. Carlton 
was married in Springtown, Parker county, 
Texas, to Miss Laura Hutchison, a native of 
Tennessee and a most estimable lady, whose 
culture and refinement have made her a favor- 
ite in social circles. Her parents were W. L. 
and Ruth (Doughty) Hutchison, the former 
a native of Tennessee, who became a mer- 
chant of Springtown, where he yet resides. He 
is classed with the representative business men 
there, is popular and prominent as well as suc- 
cessful in mercantile circles, and he likewise 
affiliates with the Masonic fraternity, in which 
he has attained the Royal Arch degree. He is 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



also a worthy member of the Methodist church. 
His children were eight in number: William, 
who is engaged in the hardware business in 
company with his father; Charles, a farmer; 
James and George, who are assisting their fa- 
ther in the store; Angelina, who became Mrs. 
Dixon and after the death of her first hus- 
band married Mr. Kennedy; Mrs. Harriet Mc- 
Clary, who died leaving two children; Lizzie, 
at home ; and Laura, the wife of our subject. 

Dr. and Mrs. Carlton have an interesting 
family of four children: Merrill, born March 
83, 1894; William, born August 4, 1898; Guy, 
born November 24, 1900; and Ada R., born in 
June. L903. Dr. and Mrs. Carlton are faithful 
members of the Methodist church and take 
an active and helpful interest in its work. He 
is quite prominent in .Masonic circles as master 
of Ringgold Lodge No. 862, A. F. and A. M., 
has taken the degrees of the Royal Arch chap- 
ter, and is Worthy Patron of the Eastern Star 
lodge at Ringgold. He likewise holds mem- 
bership relations with the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows and he has the favorable 
regard of his brethren of the fraternity, while 
his professional position is one that is indica- 
i his thorough understanding of the prin- 
ciples of medicine and his conscientious devo- 
tion to the obligations and duties that devolve 
upon liini in this connection. 



I \\1KS S. COLLIER, one of the foremost 
representatives of the agricultural and stock- 
raising industries in Tarrant county, his home 
being in Fori Worth, was horn' in Shelby 
county, Kentucky and was raised in Clay 
county, Missouri, on a farm four miles from 
I tberty, the count) seat. His parents were 
Greenup P. and Lucy (Ford) Collier. His father. 
a native of Shelby county, Kentucky, came 
to Cla) county, Missouri, in 1838, when a 
young man, and became one of the prosperous 
farmers of the county. Also highly esteemed 

.i- .i Citizen, lie held the office of county as- 
sessor twelve years, dying in office. He and 
Ins wife, who was a native of \\ oodford coun- 
ty. Kentucky, are both buried at Liberty, Mis- 
si Miii. 

Mr ( oilier grew up on a farm, and received 
his education in the local schools. Though 
farming and stock-raising has been his prin- 
cipal life pursuit he ha- also engaged at various 
tunes in business. When a young man he en- 
gaged in the dr) g Is and boot and shoe busi- 
ness at I ibertj and for a number of years was 
one of the successful merchants of that place. 
I lis home being in the middle scenes of the 



fierce border warfare that was waged on both 
sides the Kansas-Missouri line during the Civil 
war, as an inevitable circumstance, the interests 
of his family became involved in the bitterness 
of the strife of those days. Although not 
in the regular Confederate army, Mr. Collier 
was drawn into the service as a member of the 
guerrillas, and as a residt of the devastation 
caused by the conflict all his possessions were 
wiped out and when the war closed he had 
to begin all over again. For two years after 
the war he was a resident of St. Charles, Mis- 
souri, and then, returning to Liberty, resumed 
business there and made that city his home 
until he came to Tarrant county in August, 
1883. After a brief experience in the real estate 
business at Fort Worth as a member of the 
firm of Paddock, Kaye and Company, he pur- 
chased a farm and in 1886 entered upon the 
successful career of farming and stock-raising 
which has been his main resource and substan- 
tial activity to the present time. Mr. Collier 
has an enviable reputation in Tarrant county 
as a prosperous and enterprising agriculturist, 
having a large farm and stock ranch of thirty- 
five hundred acres ten miles southwest of Fort 
Worth, on the Fort Worth and Rio 
Grande Railroad, where he conducts a gen- 
eral farming and stock business, making some- 
what of a specialty of good horses and mules, 
although he has always handled considerable 
cattle. Early in 1900 Mr. Colher moved his 
family to Fort W r orth that his children might 
have the advantages of superior educational 
facilities, and this city has since been his home, 
his large and comfortable residence being at 
1516 South Jennings avenue. 

At Libertv Mr. Collier married Miss Louisa 
B. Francis. She was reared near Jefferson 
City, Missouri, from which locality her father 
moved to Liberty, where he is still a resident. 
Former Governor David R. Francis is a mem- 
ber of this same branch of the family. Mr. and 
Mrs. Collier have three children, Jackson, Miss 
Lucy and James W. The elder son is inter- 
ested with his father in the farming interests, 
and is a prominent member of the Woodmen 
fraternity at Fort Worth. 



I •RED OBERMEIER. The sturdy sons of 
many nations have contributed with brain and 
brawn to build up this mighty empire of ours, 
and conspicuous among them all for patient, 
intelligent endeavor, honesty of purpose and 
dogged perseverance are the children of "der 
Yaterland." Wherever they have settfed. from 
the rocky hills of New England to the flowery 




ROBERT F. MILAM 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



vales of California, from the snowy plains of 
Dakota to the sunny shores of the gulf, they 
have retained the characteristics of the Ger- 
man race. 

The father of the subject of our sketch, 
Jacob Obermeier, was married in his native 
land to Mary Wafli and, in the year 1854, 
joined the tide of emigration then flowing 
freely to our American shores. They had a 
family of two sons, Fred, who was born in 
Baden, April 18, 1833, and Jacob, who eventu- 
ally settled somewhere in Kansas and has long 
since been regarded as dead. On its arrival in 
this country the family located in Philadelphia. 
Pennsylvania, and there Fred learned the trade 
of Wagon-making, working for several years 
with the firm of Wilson & Childs, wagon manu- 
facturers. They remained in the Quaker City 
eleven years, but tiring of city life and wage- 
working, they moved west, seeking the inde- 
pendence that should follow honest toil. They 
settled in Lawrence county, Missouri, and re- 
mained there another eleven years, during 
which period the parents died, the father last, 
in 1872, at the age of seventy-three. 

Fred Obermeier had married in Philadelphia, 
Louisa Fluhrer, a daughter of a shepherd, 
Henry Fluhrer, and at the time of their de- 
parture from their Missouri home, were the 
parents of two children. Through industry 
and economy he had managed to accumulate 
five hundred dollars and a team and wagon and 
with these resources he set out for the more 
fertile and promising country of Texas whose 
siren song had been wafted to him as a sweet 
and charming refrain. 

December 25, 1876, their little caravan ar- 
rived at the place of their settlement in Clay 
county and Mr. Obermeier soon purchased one 
hundred and sixty acres of unbroken and un- 
tamed prairie within a mile of the winding 
watery boundary of northern Texas, and the 
work of nature reduction was at once begun. 
Meeting and conquering discouragements of 
all kinds — failure of crops that were almost 
calamities — he struggled bravely and de- 
terminedly against circumstances and condi- 
tions plentifully adverse. With crop failures 
feed was not only very scarce, but it was very 
high and the only market for his products in 
fat years was that of Sherman, about one hun- 
dred miles away, and from that point for some 
time the family supplies had to be hauled. But 
difficulties only served to increase the energy 
of our new settler and he prosecuted his tasks 
with a persistence which always wins a vic- 
tory. Year by year he toiled, forcing reluctant 



Nature to yield return for toil, and steadily he 
increased the area of his landed domains, first 
adding another quarter section and then a tract 
of one hundred and ninety-five acres, making 
him a farm of five hundred and fifteen acres, all 
fenced and much of it yielding, when season- 
able, abundant crops of wheat, oats, cotton and 
feed for his ample herd of cattle and other 
stock. He can fairly be cited as an example of 
intelligent endeavor in this favored land. 

July 8, 1901, Mr. Obermeier suffered the loss 
of his wife and bosom companion at sixty-nine 
years and eleven months of age. Of their two 
sons, one died only two weeks after their ar- 
rival in Clay county and the other, William 
Frederick, still survives and is the active head 
of all the Obermeier agricultural affairs. 

William Fred Obermeier was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, June 21, 1858, and was 
educated in the country schools of Missouri 
and Texas. June 21, 1893, he married Emma 
Schubert, a daughter of Gottleib and Johanna 
(Stephan) Schubert, of Clay county, who came 
to Texas in 1891 and are the parents of five 
children. Mrs. Obermeier was born Septem- 
ber 11, 1867, and is the mother of the following 
children, viz: Louise, born May 27, 1891; Al- 
vina, born June 14, 1896; Elzie, born January 
16, 1898, and Mary, born March 3, 1901, 

Mr. Obermeier, Sr., is in the enjoyment of a 
rare old age surrounded by the well earned 
comforts of earlier years, with his faithful son 
and loving grandchildren to help and bless him 
in his decline. 

JUDGE ROBERT F. MILAM, judge of the 
county court of Tarrant county, has been an es- 
teemed resident and a successful lawyer in Fort 
Worth for the past ten years. He was admitted 
to the bar before he had turned the majority 
point, and he is a very young man to be honored 
with a responsible judgeship in one of the most 
populous counties of the state of Texas. These 
honors and duties are all well befitting his ability 
as a lawyer and his dignity and personal popu- 
larity before the people and among his hosts of 
friends. 

Judge Milam is a native Texan and takes prop- 
er pride in the traditions and history of the Lone 
Star institutions and people. He was born at 
Weatherford, Parker county, June 8, 1873, being 
a son of Benjamin R. and Lula (Fain) Milam. 
The Milam family has been largely connected 
with Texas history before, during and after the 
days of the Republic. It was the Judge's grand- 
uncle, Colonel Ben R. Milam, who was among 
the heroes that gave up their lives in capturing 



[2 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



San VntoniOj and it was he who said, "Who 
will follow old Ben Milam into San Antonio?" 
Thus, from the early days of American occupa- 
tion of the territory of Texas to the present time 
the name Milam has had an honorable and 
worthy representative within the borders of the 
commonwealth. Judge Milam's father was born 
in Bowie county, Texas, and lived a great part 
of his life at Glen Rose, in Somervell county, 
where he was a banker, merchant, stock-raiser 
and farmer, and a successful man of affairs gen- 
erally. He died in 1901. His wife, who is also 
deceased, was born in Cass county. Georgia. 

Judge Milam received his education at South- 
western University in Georgetown, Texas, where 
he graduated in 1892. He had already resolved 
upon a legal career as his life work, and he be- 
gan his reading in the office of Colonel (now 

•) I. aiilum and Judge I. W. Stephens, at 

Weatherford, where he was successful in obtain- 
ing admission to the bar in 1893. He then came to 
Fort Worth and took up active practice, which 
he carried on with increasing success and with 
entire devotion of hi* time and energies until he 
was elected, in November, 1902. to the office of 
county judge, the duties of which have since oc- 
cupied much of his time and attention. He is one 
of the youngest lawyers in the state now serving 
on the bench, and is acquitting himself with dis- 
tinct inn. I le was chosen to the office on the Dem- 
ocratic ticket, with whose principles and policies 
he and the family have been identified for many 
-■ I If also belongs to all the leading clubs 
and fraternities, including the Masonic, the Elks, 
the Knights of Pythias. 

Ill' xin M.i -\ I) Sflh )( M.I'IKLI), M. 1). 
The profession of medicine in Montague 
county in strengthened and honored by the 

u e i g its membership of Dr. H. F. 

ilfield, u hi ise name announces the subject 
of this sketch. It is nearly twenty years since 
he established himself in the village of Denver, 
an inland town on I >enton creek and among the 
ancienl settlements of the county, and during 
all these years his solicitations have been for 
the health and material prosperit) of his local- 
ity. Hi* professional efficiency and his per- 

popularity lu\ e broughl him into contact 
with a wide radius of the population about Sun- 
set, where he resides, and his citizenship holds 

for his communit) a g Il\ shan of its stabil- 

n\ ami integrity. 

Tin' siatc of Tennessee is responsible for the 

birth and education f I lcnr\ i-\ Schoolfield. 

M<- was born in Bledsoe count) Septembei IV. 

Ilis remote ancestors were English, 



Irish and French and, on his father's side, begin 
with David Schoolfield, of Pennsylvania. The 
latter was born in the Keystone state of Eng- 
lish parents and married Rachel Graves, a 
Scotch lady and a Quaker in religion. The 
issue of their marriage were : Samuel, Enoch, 
John, Benjamin and David. David moved into 
Ohio where he was afterward known as "Da- 
vid Schofield." Aaron Schoolfield was born 
July 29, 1T75, and died near Bentonville, Arkan- 
sas, November 8, 1843. There was a daughter, 
Jane Schoolfield, a sister of Aaron, who mar- 
ried William Stine. 

For his wife Aaron Schoolfield married 
Malinda D. Lawler in Virginia. She was a 
daughter of James Lawler, of Irish stock, whose 
wife was Ruth Matthews, a lady of French 
descent. 

William A. Schoolfield was married to Mary 
Brown in Bledsoe county, Tennessee, and 
there passed his life as a farmer and died in 
1902. Flis widow survives and resides at 
Bridgeport, Alabama, the mother of: Poca- 
hontas, who died at Bridgeport, Alabama, as 
the wife of R. E. Allex; Lucy, wife of J. G. 
Lane, died at Pikeville, Tennessee ; Virginia. 
who married Dr. G. W. Sawyers, of Marietta, 
Indian Territory; Edith, wife of Rev. J. R. 
Walker, of Fresno, California ; Robert, who is 
court clerk of Bledsoe county, Tennessee; 
Dr. H. F., our subject, and William A., who 
is county attorney of Hamilton county, Ten- 
nessee. 

Dr. Schoolfield grew up on his father's farm 
and was educated in the People's College at 
Pikeville. He began preparation for his pro- 
fession at twenty years by a course of medical 
reading with Dr. J. P. Barnett of that place. He 
entered the medical department of the Uni- 
versit) r of Tennessee in 1882 and was a student 
two years, graduating in medicine in February, 
1885. He was stationed for a short time in 
Melvin, Tennessee, but in the spring of 1886 
he came to Texas and began his work in Mon- 
tague county. In 1893 he abandoned Denver 
as a place of residence and located in Sunset. 

November 10, 1887, Dr. Schoolfield was 
united in marriage with Miss Ella Holbrook, 
on Denton creek. Mrs. Schoolfield was a 
daughter of the late well known farmer, John 
\. Holbrook, and was born in Texas. No 
children have blessed Dr. and Mrs. School- 
field's union, but three orphan babies have 
found a welcome in their household -and are 
being reared and educated to become useful 
citizens. They are: Carroll, Harry and Char- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



13 



lotte, who have brought much joy and comfort 
to their foster parents. 

Dr. Schoolfield is a member of the North- 
west Texas Medical Association, of the Mon- 
tague County Association and of the Texas 
State. He is a Master Mason, a Woodman and 
a helpful member of the Methodist church. 

DR. MILTON W. CUNNINGHAM, the 
well known real estate man of Amarillo, has 
had a varied and prosperous business career. 
He started out in life as a practitioner in 
medicine, but soon abandoned that profession 
for active participation in the material affairs 
of the world. In this field he found the most 
successful sphere of his activity, and during 
the past two decades has given his attention to 
various enterprises and always with success. 
He has been at Amarillo since 1890, at first in 
the mercantile and later in the real estate busi- 
ness, and he is one of the most influential men 
of the city. 

Dr. Cunningham comes of an excellent 
southern family, and was born at Okoloma, 
Chickasaw county, Mississippi, November 1, 
1857. His parents were James G. and Carrie 
(Saunders) Cunningham. His father's direct 
ancestors were originally from Ireland, but 
many years ago settled at Charleston, South 
Carolina, whence the doctor's great-grand- 
father came to Tennessee. The father's 
maternal ancestors were from Scotland. James 
G. Cunningham, who is still living, although 
four score years of age, was born in Tennessee 
in 1824; he removed with his parents to Ala- 
bama in 1830, and thence came to Mississippi 
in 1835, locating in Monroe county, near old 
Cotton Gin, on the Tombigbee river, among 
■the earliest settlers of that locality. His home 
was later transferred to Chickasaw county, and 
•in 1860 he located in Lee county of the same 
state. He was a successful farmer and planter, 
and a man of much force of character and the 
wielder of considerable influence in his com- 
munity. When the Civil War broke out he en- 
listed in the Confederate army, and from first 
to last was a soldier in that conflict, being for a 
part of the time in Forrest's noted cavalry 
brigade. His home remained in Mississippi 
until 1888, and in that year he came to his son 
the doctor's place of residence at Mansfield, 
Tarrant county, Texas ; several years later he 
moved to Pilot Point, this state, where he now 
resides, retired from active life, making his 
home with his daughter, Mrs. W. A. Upchurch. 
Dr. Cunningham's mother died in Mississippi 
in 1885. Her father was Judge John Taylor 



Saunders, a well known citizen of Alabama, 
who served as adjutant general of the state and 
for several years as judge of the probate court, 
and was actively interested in military affairs. 

Dr. Cunningham's boyhood days were spent 
on the plantation in Lee county, Mississippi, 
and in the meantime he received his education 
at Cooper Institute, near Meridian, that state. 
On deciding to take up the medical profession 
he entered Vanderbilt University and attended 
several courses of medical lectures there. After 
qualifying himself he took up the practice of 
medicine in his home county of Lee, and spent 
the two years, 1881 and 1882, as a doctor of 
medicine. At the end of that time he concluded 
to devote himself to some other pursuit than 
the art of healing, and in accordance with that 
purpose he was engaged in mercantile business 
in his native state until 1884, which was the 
year of his coming to Texas. He has never 
since resumed medical practice, having found 
his business opportunities to present as large a 
field as he could possibly cover. 

His first location in this state was at Alva- 
rado in Johnson county, and some time later 
he was engaged with the M. T. Jones Lumber 
Company at Mansfield, Tarrant county. He 
came up to the Panhandle in 1890, and has been 
located at Amarillo ever since. During the 
first six years here he was in the mercantile 
business, and since then he has confined his 
operations to real estate, in which he has suc- 
ceeded. He deals in city and ranch property 
as an agent, being the representative of some 
prominent non-residents. He takes an active 
interest in the growth and development of 
Amarillo and vicinity. He is particularly en- 
thusiastic over the prospects of the great plains 
country since it is so happily favored from a 
climatic standpoint, has sufficient rainfall in 
the proper season, and in this vicinity lies the 
largest body of unbroken tillable deep rich 
soil of a like area to be found in the United 
States. 

Dr. Cunningham has been a man of influence 
ever since taking up his residence in Amarillo, 
but has never directed his activity into political 
channels for his own interests, although he is 
a stanch Democrat and wide-awake to the best 
welfare of that party. He has confined his at- 
tention politically for some years to looking 
after the local political interests of his brother- 
in-law, Congressman John H. Stephens, of 
Vernon, whose history is given elsewhere in 
this work. Dr. Cunningham is a charter 
member of the Odd Fellows lodge at Amarillo. 
and he and his wife are also charter members 



'4 



[STORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



of the Cumberland Presbyterian church of 

\marillo, which they helped to establish. 

Dr. Cunningham was married at Fort Worth 
in L887 to Miss Josie Stephens, a sister of Con- 
gressman Stephens and a member of a historic 
Texas family. They have four children: Mil- 
ton II.. Carrie May, Norma and Nina. 

R< >BERT E. HUFF, president of the First 
National Bank and a prominent lawyer of 
\\ ichita Falls, is a leading man of affairs in 
this city and came here during its earliest 
-row ill and has been intimately connected with 
its history and material development ever 
since. He was born at Lebanon, Virginia, 
lauuurv 31, 1857, the son of Rev. William and 
Mattie (Johnson) Huff, natives of Virginia and 
rennessee, respectively. Rev. William Huff 
wa> a Baptist minister for many years, passing 
much of his life in Bedford county, Tennessee, 
where he finally died. The mother is now liv- 
ing with her son in Wichita Falls. 

Mr. Robert E. Huff began life in Wichita 
Falls by starting at the bottom of the ladder. 
He has remained in that place during all its 
vicissitudes, by his courage and perseverance 
has overcome all obstacles, and is now wealthy, 
w ith large interests, a handsome residence, and 
.in assured position as one of Wichita Falls* 
prominent business men. 

As a boy Mr. Huff received a common school 
education and afterwards studied law at Cum- 
berland University, Lebanon, Tennessee, 
where he graduated in 1879. He was soon 
alter admitted to the bar at Shelbyville, Ten- 
nessee, lie then decided to come to the new 
countrj in Texas, and Ma\ 2, L882, arrived in 
V ichita Falls. At that time the town had 
been laid out and soon after began to grow, as 
a result of the completion to the place of the 
Fort Worth cv Denver Cit) Railroad. 

Mr. Huff began the practice of law, and as 
soon as Wichita count) was organized was 
ted the first count) attorney. In 1888 he 
was elected president of the Panhandle Na- 
tional Bank, which had been organized in 
L884, and he has held this position ever since. 
In the latter part of l -mi:*, the name of the bank 
was changed to the hirst National Bank, the 
officers and everything connected with the di- 
minution remaining unchanged. The hank is 
a \er\ flourishing one. and its home is in the 
: and finesl business structure in V ichita 
Falls. In addition to his law practice' Mr. Huff 
discharges his duties as active working presi- 
dent of the hank. Me is a member of the law 
linn of Huff. Barwise & I lull, his brother. 



Charles C. Huff, and J. H. Barwise being the- 
other members of the firm. 

Since coming to Texas Mr. Huff has married, 
his wife's maiden name being Miss Lizzie Bur- 
roughs. They have four sons: William E., 
Arthur B., Robert E., Jr., and Marshall. 

THOMAS ELI PRICE. Our subject is a 
modest cattle grower and farmer of Jack- 
county, where he settled in 1885. He came 
hither with a team and five hundred dollars 
and without former experience embarked in the 
grocery business at Newport. The same enemy 
which has pursued and swamped many a 
merchant scented his trail at once and within 
a year old "Trust" had deprived him of his 
goods and threatened his credit and he re- 
sumed the work of his first love, the farm. Re- 
duced to the position of a dependent, he em- 
ployed with the pioneer, John Hensley, as fore- 
man of one of his ranches and after five years 
of service he reached a point wdiere he was 
enabled to buy eighty-nine acres of land on the 
Edward Ray survey, which place he moved to, 
improved and where he now maintains his 
home. 

The reward of industry is always sure and to- 
no man did this reward come with more justi- 
fication than to T. E. Price, for his days were 
filled with labor and for a time both ends of" 
the night were encroached upon to accomplish 
a purpose in hand. The possession of a few 
cows and calves puts a man into the cow busi- 
ness and this is what happened to Mr. Price. 
Being short of land for pasture he leased a 
small tract adjoining his home, which now con- 
tains two hundred and sixty-nine acres, has it 
amply stocked and is tasting the sweets of an 
independent life. 

Mr. Price was born in Franklin county. 
Alabama, December 14, 1847, and as he ap- 
proached youth learned little from the country 
schools. When he should have been doing his 
best work toward obtaining an education he 
was in the army fighting for the independence 
of the Confederacy and he quit school just able 
to read and write. He enlisted in Captain Ad- 
kinson's Company, Eighth Alabama Regiment, 
in 1863, and served in this company something 
over a year when he was transferred to Captain 
News, mi's Company, Forrest's command. He 
was in Ten Island battle, the Coosa River and 
man}' smaller tights in that campaign. At the 
close of the war he was at Newburg, Alabama, 
and was discharged there. 

( >n leaving the army he returned home and 
worked with his father on the farm until he 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



'5 



established a home of his own by his marriage 
in 1866. His father gave him a horse, the chief 
item of his resources when he was married, 
and he opened his career on rented land. In 
1869 he brought his young family to the "prom- 
ised land" — Texas — located in Navarro county 
and was making some progress when it oc- 
curred to him to go back to Alabama, and that 
trip and the return to Texas cost him much of 
his accumulations. He returned to the Lone 
Star state in 1876 and stopped in Henderson 
county, where many of his relatives lived, and 
there he spent nine years and got together /the 
modest sum with which he began his mer- 
cantile experience at Newport in 1885. 

William Price, our subject's father, was born 
in Greene county, Alabama, in 1828, and pre- 
pared himself for a school teacher in Louisville, 
Kentucky, hisfather being a wealthy farmer and 
owner of slaves in his native and aristocratic 
state. Probably a decade before the war his 
father, Thomas Price, sold his Alabama land 
and settled in Louisiana, and just before the 
rebellion he came on to Texas and located in 
Henderson county, where his death occurred in 
1878, at seventy-nine years of age. He married 
Abegil Lewis, and their children were: Samuel 

C, Wayman, of Curran, Texas ; William ; and 
Elizabeth, of Louisiana, wife of Tom Hamil- 
ton. 

William Price married Rhoda Hardin, who 
died in Henderson county, Texas, in 1883, 
whither she and her husband had moved.' Fol- 
lowing her death her husband returned east 
and located in Mississippi where he taught 
school. His children are: Betsy, of Talbott 
county, Alabama, wife of John Blackledge ; 
Thomas E. ; Abbie, wife of Thomas Lawler, of 
Franklin county, Alabama ; Lola, who married 

D. Thomas, of Henderson county, Texas, and 
Pinkey, deceased wife of Bud Thomas. 

In November, 1866, Thomas E. Price and 
Millie Ross Horton were united in marriage in 
their native county of Franklin, where Mrs. 
Price was born June 13, 1848. She was a 
daughter of John Horton. The issue of Mr. 
and Mrs. Price are : Smith Hardin, Rosa, wife 
of Jacob Lewis, of Jack county ; Harvey, who 
married Alma Page, and John and Carl. 

Mr. Price has done his work as a citizen as 
enthusiastically as he has done it as a farmer 
and cowman. He is well known for his Demo- 
cratic tendencies and has ever shown his loy- 
alty to his political party. He has attended 
party conventions and filled the place of school 
trustee. 



JAMES AZRIAH FRAZAR. In the sub- 
ject of this biographical notice we present one 
of Clay county's widely known citizens whose 
business life is spanned by three generations 
of Texas history and whose business career, 
from its inception to the present, presents a 
succession of achievements worthy the emula- 
tion of our ambitious youth and meriting the 
applause of a generous and feeling public. First 
we see him assuming the conduct of the home 
farm, as a stripling of a youth, just after the 
Civil War, next we see him established as a 
merchant and man of affairs in the little com- 
munity near Eagle Lake, in southern Texas, 
where he lived, and finally, in the height of his 
successes, we see him with plantations number- 
ing thousands of acres, with a mercantile stock 
amounting to many thousand dollars, with the 
ginning and other interests of the little village, 
grown to manhood, the creator of a large 
fortune and the master of an industrial and 
commercial situation seldom paralleled in any 
locality in Texas. 

The origin of the Frazars of this name is, at 
this date, not definitely known. Tradition tells 
us that a grand ancestor of James A. Frazar 
"ran away" from home as a youth and to escape 
recognition changed the spelling of the name 
from "Frazier" to its present form. However 
this may be, J. W. Frazar, grandfather of our 
subject, wasborn in North Carolina in 1807, was 
married and reared his family in Alabama and 
Tennessee, and in 1854 located on the Cibola, 
near San Antonio, Texas. He was a stockman 
and farmer and was a half brother to the Over- 
feel who was killed in the Alamo with Crockett, 
Bowie and other fathers of the Republic of 
Texas. 

At the time of his advent to the state settlers 
as far west as they were frequently raided by 
the Comanche Indians and their stock driven 
off, slaves killed and citizens occasionally 
murdered. At almost every full moon these 
enemies of the white man were certain to ap- 
pear in some frontier settlement and leave 
behind them a trail of human blood. The visi- 
tation of locusts in 1857 was more disastrous 
to settlers than Indian depredations, for all 
vegetation was consumed. Cattle were not 
fit. to eat, fish tasted as locusts and water was 
barely fit for use. It was a hundred and fifty 
miles to good meat and the Frazars abandoned 
their Cibola settlement and dropped down near 
Eagle Lake in Wharton county, where their 
residence was afterward maintained. 

The Frazars came to Texas direct from Mur- 
freesboro, Tennessee, where, on Shelby Pike, 



1 6 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



ilu famil) settled from its Alabama home. It 
was in the latter state that Isaac J. Frazar, the 
father of our subject, was born. His mother 
was Sarah Jamison, who died near • Murf rees- 
boro, while her husband died at Columbus, 
Texas, in 1886. Isaac J.. Mrs. Amanda Kim- 

ind George W. Frazar, of San Antonio, 

were the issue of their marriage. 

[saac J. Frazar followed his father's occupa- 
tion until after the war. when he studied 
medicine, passed the required examination for 
a physician's license and began the practice of 
medicine. From his country seat near Eagle 
Lake he rode far and near in the successful 
pursuil of his profession and his professional 
ability and unalloyed citizenship made him a 
character widely 'and popularly known. In 
Tennessee he married Elmira Kimbro, a 
daughter of James Kimbro, who passed his life 
mar Murfreesboro on the farm. Mrs. Frazar 
died in her Wharton county home in 1884, her 
husband having preceded her in 1873 at forty- 
five years old. Their children were: James 
A., of this review; William K., who died at 
Eagle Lake and left a family; Robert B., who 
passed away at Frazarville; Annie G., wife of 
T. N > . .Mason, of Frazarville. 

The earliest impressions of Texas life with 
lames \. Frazar were those made at their first 
location on the Cibola. He has lived on the 
frontier, so to speak, all his life, and the open 
country and the pure air have always been his. 
A Catholic college at San Antonio provided 
him with a good education and at about sixteen 
j ears of age he took charge of the Frazar home 
and >tock', while his lather practiced medicine, 
and went to work. In response to the demands 
of his community he established a store, a gin 
and then a blacksmith shop and his manage- 
ment of all these enterprises brought good re- 
sult-, and several plantations came into his 
hands by purchase with the profits of his 
health\ and radical business policy. The little 
hamlet where his commercial interests existed 
was named Frazarville in his honor and all its 
business and the townsite itself was owned by 
him. Although he severed his active connection 
with his Wharton county affairs in 1890, and 
came to Clay count v in .March of that year, he 
did not finally dispose of all his holdings till 
two j cars later. 

Anion- his initial acts on identifying himself 
with Clay count} was the reopening of the 
failed farmers' National Bank in which he was 
a heavy stockholder. This was done that he 
mighl save the stockholders from apparent 
heavy losses, and he was engaged some five 



years in the winding up of its affairs. In recent 
years his farming and grazing interests have 
employed his time. Cattle feeding in connection 
with Mr. W. B. Worsham for several years, at 
Greenville, Texas, and of late years alone, on 
his home ranch and at Tishomingo, Indian Ter- 
ritory, he fattens annually about two hundred 
and fifty head of steers. He owns a little 
ranch of nearly seventeen hundred acres on the 
Little Wichita river and Duck creek and has 
one thousand acres leased near by. 

Air. Frazar was first married in Wharton 
county, in March, 1880, to Agnes J. Smith, who 
died in 1885, leaving two sons, Isaac J., of Kaw, 
Oklahoma, and Edward B. In May, 1888, Mr. 
Frazar married Miss Mattie Morris, a daughter 
of Delaware and Flattie E. (Warren) Morris. 
The former died in Henrietta in 1900 at eighty- 
six years of age, being the second oldest Mason 
in Texas. He came to this state from Eufala, 
Alabama, in 1872, and was a merchant in 
Egypt, in Wharton county, for some years. 
He was a Georgian by birth, was the father of 
three children and buried his wife at Austin, 
Texas, in September, 1881. Of his children 
Mrs. Frazar was born March 22, 1866, and was 
the oldest; Richard A. resides near Portales, 
New Mexico, and Mamie D., wife of L. C. Gib- 
bon, resides in Decatur, Texas. 

Mr. Frazar's second family of children con- 
sists of James A., Jr., born January 30, 1891 ; 
Morris, born July 27, 1893; Worsham, born 
April 14, 1895. Like his father Mr. Frazar is 
a Royal Arch Mason, joining the order in Eagle 
Lake and taking his chapter degree in Colum- 
bus, Texas. He is well preserved for a man of 
his years, being born February 7, 1851, and the 
weight of business cares for nearly forty years 
sit comparatively lightly on his shoulders and 
he gives promise of many years of usefulness 
to come. 

E. T. COE, a veteran of the Confederate 
army, who was successfully engaged in general 
agricultural pursuits and stock raising in Gray- 
son and later in Montague county, Texas, but is 
now living retired at Nocona, was born in Henry 
county, Missouri, February 17, 1841. He was 
reared to farmer pursuits and is indebted to the 
district school system for the educational privi- 
leges accorded him. His parents were James R. 
and Elizabeth (Stanford) Coe, the former a 
native of Indiana and the latter of Virginia, in 
which state they were married. The Coe family 
is of Scotch-Irish lineage and the grandfather, 
Joseph Coe. became an early settler of Indiana. 
He was a river man and was captain of a steam- 




MR. AND MRS. E. T. COE 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



i7 



boat on the Ohio and other rivers for many years, 
in which capacity he became well known, while 
his social nature and genuine worth made him 
popular. The members of his family were : Wil- 
liam and Elias T, both of whom died in Illinois ; 
James R., Mrs. Margaret Jeremiah and Mary C, 
of California. 

James R. Coe, born and reared in Indiana, 
went to Virginia after he had attained his ma- 
jority and was there married, subsequent to 
which time he removed to Illinois and afterward 
to Missouri, where he prospered in his undertak- 
ings as a farmer and stockman. He became one 
of the substantial representatives of financial in- 
terests in his county and his business activity was 
the secret of his success. In politics he was a 
strong and influential Democrat, but without de- 
sire for political office, preferring to give his un- 
divided attention to his business interests. At the 
time of the Civil War his sympathies were 
strongly aroused in behalf of the south, so that 
the northern sympathizers feared his influence 
and made it very unpleasant for him in his home 
locality. Both armies foraged off of his place, 
taking his stock and personal property, and at 
last the northern troops burned his dwelling and 
other farm buildings. He and his family then 
sought refuge in Saline county, Missouri, where 
he remained until after the close of the war, when 
he sold his old homestead and purchased a farm 
in Benton county, Missouri, spending his remain- 
ing days there. He was then too old to ever fully 
recuperate his lost possessions, but he neverthe- 
less, by indefatigable industry, won a competence 
for himself and his family. From early manhood 
he was a consistent Methodist and his life was 
always actuated by honorable principles and de- 
votion to whatever he believed to be right. The 
poor and needy found in him a warm friend and 
his neighbors appreciated his social nature and 
kindly spirit. He was six feet in height, of me- 
dium weight and possessed a strong and vigorous 
constitution that enabled him to do much hard 
work in his earlier manhood. He passed away 
April 9, 1888, at the age of sixty-six years, while 
his wife died in 1876. She was a daughter of 
Phillip S. Stanford, a native of Virginia, who 
became familiar with the labors incident to life 
on a Virginia plantation. At an early day he re- 
moved to Missouri and became a representative 
farmer and stockman of the locality in which he 
made his home. He traded quite extensively in 
cattle and mules and improved a fine farm in 
Bates county, remaining thereon for many years. 
He was without political aspiration or desire to 
figure in any prominent position, preferring to 
give his undivided attention to his business inter- 



ests. He remained in Bates county until 1858, 
when he came to Texas, settling in Dallas county, 
where he carried on farming and stock-raising 
for several years. Following the period of the 
Civil War he sold his ranch and took his stock to 
Kerr county, Texas, where he again established 
a ranch. He was prominent and successful in his 
work and devoted his energies to agricultural 
pursuits until he put aside active business cares. 
His death occurred when he had reached the ad- 
vanced age of ninety-three years. He was fa- 
miliar with the experiences, hardships and priva- 
tions of pioneer life, for during his ranching days 
in Dallas county Indians made raids upon his 
stock and stole many a head of cattle or horses. 
As a young man Mr. Stanford would start in 
pursuit of the thieves, nor was he afraid to en- 
counter the red men on the plains. In his family 
were nine children : James, who died in Missouri 
in 1853 ; Frank, of California; Thomas, who died 
in Missouri; Phillip, of Kerr county, Texas; 
John N., who is living in Dallas county; Mrs. 
Elizabeth Coe ; Mrs. Pruitt of Dallas county ; 
Mrs. Anna Pruitt, and Mrs. Emma Pruitt. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. James R. Coe 
are five in number : Thadeus, who was killed 
while serving in the Confederate army; E. T., of 
this review ; Phillip S., who was also killed in 
the army ; James A., a farmer of Missouri, and 
Allen B. C, likewise following farming in that 
state. 

E. T. Coe was born and reared on the old 
homestead in Missouri and when nineteen years 
of age he enlisted, in 1861, at the call for six 
months' troops, becoming a member of the Sixth 
Missouri Cavalry of the Confederate service un- 
der Colonel R. L. Y. Payton. The regiment was 
attached to General Raines' division, went to the 
front and was engaged in the battles of Carthage 
and Drywood, Missouri. On the expiration of 
his first term Mr. Coe re-enlisted and the regi- 
ment was reorganized, becoming a part of- the 
regular Confederate service. He was made sec- 
ond lieutenant of Company D, Second Battalion 
of Cavalry under Colonel Emmett McDowell, 
and saw much hard service and skirmishing, tak- 
ing part in all of the leading battles of the west- 
ern department except at Pea Ridge, when he 
was held as a prisoner of war. While the com- 
mand was lving in camp at Springfield, Missouri, 
he was granted a furlough to visit home, and 
while there was taken prisoner and held for 
six weeks, after which he was exchanged and 
again joined his command, with which he con- 
tinued until the close of the war, his service be- 
ing with the western department of the army, 
mostly in Missouri and Arkansas, but later in 



IS 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Texas. He was slightly wounded, but was al- 
ways on duty and was often in the thickest of 
the fig-lit. After the close of hostilities he re- 
turned to the home of his father, who, as a ref- 
ugee, had gone to Saline county, Missouri, and 
there the son began work. 

On the 27th of November. 1866, E. T. Coe was 
married to Miss Matilda E. Clark and settled 
upon a tract of rented land, which he operated 
for two years, after which he bought a tract of 
raw land. He then began the work of improving 
the farm and as the years passed he prospered in 
his undertakings, remaining upon the old home- 
stead there until 1874. when he came to Texas, 
renting his land in Missouri. In this state he 
first located in Grayson county, where he oper- 
ated a rented farm for two years, and in 1876 he 
came to Montague county, purchasing three hun- 
dred and thirty-four acres of land in the Red 
River valley, on which he took up his abode. 
Finding that he liked the country and its people, 
he resolved to make the state his permanent 
abode, and added to his property until he owned 
twelve hundred and ninety acres of valuable 
farm land, all of which he put under fence. He 
likewise placed two hundred and twenty-five 
■•Hi''- um In- a high state of cultivation, raised 
diversified crops and also engaged in raising cat- 
tle and other stock. He was successful in both 
branches of his business, and as the years passed 
accumulated a handsome competence. On com- 
ing to Texas he had only a small amount of 
money, and, after settling in Montague county, 
h( sold In- Missouri farm, which enabled him to 
make investments here. In all of his business af- 
fair- he has been practical and progressive and as 
th( ars have passed has accumulated a hand- 
some competenc) that now enables him to live re- 
tired in the enjoymenl of the fruits of his former 
t"ii. Me is thoroughl) satisfied with Montague 
counts as a place of residence, with its prospects 
and its opportunities, ami has hecome one of the 
valued n-sidciits of this pari of the state. He 
'"in imied In- finning and stock-raising interests 
until [899, when he sold out and purchased a 
commodious residence in Nocona, where he is re- 
tired from hard labor, now merel) looking after 
his business interests. Me loans mone) on farm 

mortgages and he has made judicious invest- 
ments in this W ay. Me possesses excellent ability 
inancier, is careful in ever} business mow 

that he in, ike-. .,nd as the result of his enterprise 

and diligence he has prospered. 

\- before Stated, Mr. Coe was married in [866 
to Miss Matilda E. (lark. She was born in \ ir- 
ginia, but was reared in Saline county, Missouri. 

I [er father, John ( lark, also a native of Virginia. 



was one of the early settlers of Missouri and be- 
came a leading and influential farmer of Saline 
county, where he died, leaving a good farm to his 
wife and children. The mother afterward kept 
the family together and reared them in a most 
creditable manner. Her death also occurred upon 
the old homestead. The members of this house- 
hold were: Charles, wdio died in Missouri; 
Strother and Albert, who have also passed away ; 
Rufus, who resides upon the old homestead; Mrs. 
Eliza Dejoinet ; Mrs. Florence Hanley ; Mrs. 
Harriet Finley ; Mrs. Mary Taylor, and Matilda 
E., wdio became Mrs. Coe. To Mr. and Mrs. Coe 
was born a daughter, Lucy O.. the wife of I. A. 
Gist, who at one time w 7 as a school teacher and 
afterward became a farmer of Montague county, 
but is now living temporarily in Denton in ordei 
to educate his children. In 1868 Mr. Coe was 
called upon to mourn the loss of his first wife, 
wdio died on the 23d of January of that year, in 
the faith of the Christian church, of which she 
was a worthy and devoted member. On the 4th 
of September, 1870, in Missouri, Mr. Coe wedded 
Mrs. Mary E. Smith, the widow of Fountain 
Smith, who was killed in the battle of Corinth 
while serving his country in the Confederate 
army. Ffis wife bore the maiden name of Mary 
C. Priddy and was a daughter of Burk and Min- 
erva (Walker) Priddy and a granddaughter of 
Robert Walker of McMinn county, Tennessee. 
Her paternal grandparents were John and Nan- 
cy (Whitlock) Priddy, the former a native of 
Halifax county, Virginia, and the latter of North 
Carolina. John Priddy removed from Virginia 
to Stokes county, North Carolina, afterward to 
Cooke county, Tennessee, and later to Polk coun- 
ty, Missouri, wdiere he died March 8, 1861, at the 
age of eighty-three years. His wife, Nancy, was 
a daughter of Charles Whitlock. a native of Ire- 
land, and her birth occurred in Albemarle coun- 
ty. North Carolina, and her death in Polk county, 
Missouri, in 1857, when she was seventy-five 
years of age. In the family of Mr. and Mrs. John 
Priddy were three children: Polly, who became 
the wife of Alford Taylor and died in 1888 at the 
age of eighty-five years, and David and Burk. 
The last named was born in Stokes county, North 
Carolina, where he remained until thirteen years 
of age, when he removed with his parents to 
Cooke county, Tennessee, where he spent his 
early manhood. In 1839 he married Minerva, 
daughter of Robert Walker of McMinn county, 
Tennessee, and a representative of a prominent 
and honored pioneer family of that state. Burk 
Priddy removed to Missouri in company with 
his father and their respective families and both 
settled in Polk county, where Burk Priddy made 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



19 



his home until 1870. He then came to Texas, 
locating in Grayson county, where he purchased 
land and engaged in general farming and stock- 
raising, continuing successfully in the business 
for many years. He owned a farm of one hun- 
dred and seventy-five acres of rich black soil, 
which he kept under a high state of cultivation, 
and he was regarded as a very successful and 
practical agriculturist and stockman. In addi- 
tion to the homestead place he owned other lands 
in Cooke county, Texas, and acquired a com- 
petency for old age. He was highly respected for 
his integrity and honor, which were above re- 
proach. In his advanced age he sold the Gray- 
son county homestead and he and his wife came 
to Montague county, where they spent their de- 
clining years with their children. Both he and 
his wife died at the home of their daughter, Mrs. 
Coe, in Nocona, Mrs. Priddy passing away De- 
cember 2, 1900, at the age of eighty-six years, 
while Mr. Priddy survived until April 20, 1904, 
passing away at the age of ninety-four years. 
She was a member of the Methodist church. In 
the family were nine children : Nancy E., the 
wife of D. V. Crites ; Rachael A., the wife of A. 
Pulliam ; Felix G. ; Mrs. Coe ; Davis ; Wilton J. ; 
Margaret A., the wife of Joseph Hodges ; Willis 
and William B. 

Mr. and Mrs. Coe have had no children of their 
own, but they have displayed great kindliness 
and a benevolent spirit in the care which they 
have given to a number of homeless children. 
They have reared and educated four orphans, 
doing a good part by them, and they are now all 
settled well in life. No one is ever turned from 
their door hungry, and their kind acts and benev- 
olence have endeared them to many. They are 
now caring for an old aunt eighty-six years of 
age, and they gave filial affection and care to 
Mrs. Coe's parents during their declining years. 

SAM P. RAMSEY, president of Traders' State 
Bank, is classed with the representative busi- 
ness men of Cleburne and has been connected 
in various ways with its progress and develop- 
ment, so that the consensus of public opinion 
is very favorable regarding his worth as a 
citizen and business man. He was born at 
Alvarado, Johnson county, Texas, his parents 
being John J. and Nancy (Clark) Ramsey. He 
is a brother of Judge W. F. Ramsey, who is 
represented elsewhere in this work and in 
whose history more elaborate mention is made 
of the parents. 

Samuel P. Ramsey was reared and educated 
in the place of his nativity, but in early life 
entered upon his business career in a clerical 



position in an abstract office at Waxahachie, 
Ellis county, Texas. He became a resident of 
Cleburne about 1880 and this place has since 
been his home, covering a period of a quarter of 
a century. He has been connected with active 
business enterprises throughout this entire 
period save for six years spent as county clerk 
of Johnson county. He was first elected to that 
office in 1894, and he served by re-election for 
three consecutive terms, discharging his duties 
with promptness and capability. After spend- 
ing a short time in Shawnee, Oklahoma, he re- 
turned to Cleburne and became a factor in the 
promotion and establishment of the Western 
Bank and Trust Company, of which Fred 
Fleming of Dallas is the president. The com- 
pany was organized in .1903 and had a highly 
successful existence, conducting a general 
banking business. Mr. Ramsey was manager 
for the company at this point and when the 
State Bank Act became effective he organized 
the Traders' State Bank here and was made its 
president. He is recognized as a thoroughly 
reliable representative of financial interests, 
conducting his business affairs in a most honor- 
able manner and in accordance with a high 
standard of business ethics. He is a man of 
keen discernment, of marked enterprise and 
also has the executive ability and energy 
which enables him to carry forward to success- 
ful completion whatever he undertakes. 

Mr. Ramsey was married in Cleburne to Miss 
Onie Bishop, a daughter of W. B. Bishop, a 
prominent old time resident of Johnson county, 
who at one time was county clerk. There is a 
little son born of this marriage, William Bishop 
Ramsey. Both Mr. and Mrs. Ramsey enjoy 
the friendship and favorable regard of many 
with whom they have been brought in contact 
and as a citizen his worth is widely acknowl- 
edged, for he has co-operated in many move- 
ments for the general good, giving active and 
tangible aid to measures that have resulted in 
material intellectual and moral progress here. 

JUDGE MORRIS A. SPOONTS. Judge 
Morris A. Spoonts, general attorney for the 
Fort Worth & Denver City Railroad and for 
other corporate interests in this part of Texas., 
has had his residence and practice in Fort 
Worth for the last fifteen years. He is one of 
the brilliant and prominent lawyers of the 
state, and during the latter years of his practice 
has become connected almost entirely with 
corporation business. This department of the 
profession requires the highest talents and 
training, and he prepared himself by special 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



research and hard study after he had already 
gained a prominent position as counsel and 
advocate in the sphere of general practice. He 

in, reared and has spent his active career 
in the Lone Star state, and during twenty-five 
years of continuous work in the courts and 
office has proved himself one of the leaders of 
public thought and affairs and is influential and 
progressive and enterprising in every depart- 
ment of life to which his efforts have been 
directed. 

Judge Spoonts was born in Bell county. 

in L857, being a son of Joseph and Mary 
i Vanderbilt) Spoonts. His grandfather was a 
native of German}- and a member of the bar 
in that country, whence he came to America 
and located at Leesburg, Virginia. In the 
latter city the father of Judge Spoonts was 
born, in L803, and in 1852 came to Texas and 
made settlement in Bell county, where he died 
in 1870. His business was milling, and he 
made a fair success throughout his career, and 
died an honored and respected citizen. His wife 
was born in New York City in 1812, and was a 
nicer of the old Commodore Vanderbilt, and 
her Eather was a captain in the United States 
uu\ \ during the war of 1812. 

Morris \. Spoonts received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools of Bell county, and 
■ it Belton look up the study of law under A. M. 
LVTonteith, being admitted to the bar at that 
place in 1 878, when twenty years of age. Soon 
afterward he went out to the Texan frontier, to 
Buffalo Gap in Taylor county, and in 1881 
located at Abilene, to which the county seat 
of thai county had been removed. The Texas 
& Pacific Railroad was being built through 
Abilene about that time. \\Tiile Judge Connor 
was incumbent of the office of district judge he 
wasappointedb} I rovernorRossas judge to hear 
all cases in the district in which Judge Connor 
was disqualified. After eight years' residence 
and practice .it Abilene he came, in 1889, to 
Fort Worth, where his business interests have 
since been centered. His abilities made him 
talhj valuable and much sought for cor- 
poration work, and he gradually came more and 

into that branch of the profession. In 
hi was appointed general attorney for the 
Fori Worth & Denver City Railroad, which 
position he has since held. He is also attorney 
tumber of other railroads centering at 
I on Worth, and his practice is now confined 
exclusively to the legal affairs of these corpora- 
tions. 

In L900 and L901 Judge Spoonts was presi- 
dent of the State Bar Association of Texas, and 



he enjoys a state-wide reputation as a profound 
lawyer and brilliant advocate. He was presi- 
dent of the city council of Fort Worth for two 
or three years, and was acting mayor for one 
year during the absence' of Mayor Paddock on 
account of illness. He was president of the 
Fort Worth Public Library during the time it 
built and completed the splendid new Carnegie ■ 
library building in this city. In many other 
ways he has been prominently connected with 
the best social and intellectual phases of this 
city's life. 

He was married in 1879 to Miss Josephine 
Puett, and they have four children: Marshall, 
Adele, who is the wife of C. R. Wharton, of 
Houston ; Nadine and Leslie. 

THOMAS J. CHANDLER. Earnest in 
his advocacy of the question of fruit-growing 
in his locality, active in the promotion of the 
new industry and prominent as a leader in the 
transformation from the old agricultural 
regime to the new horticultural one, is Thomas 
J. Chandler, the subject of this biographical 
article. The third of a century he has passed 
in Texas have been years of close application to 
the domain of agriculture, save the compara- 
tively brief period of his connection with the 
pome and peach industry of Montague county. 

Mr. Chandler settled in Kaufman county, 
Texas, in 1873, from Calloway county, Ken- 
tucky. In this latter county his birth occurred 
May 12, 1841, more than a score of years sub- 
sequent to the advent of the family to that 
locality. Its founder was James Chandler, 
grandfather of our subject, an emigrant from 
Prince Edward county, Virginia, where Edwin 
P. Chandler, father of Thomas J., was born 
December 10, 1810. About 1820 James Chand- 
ler shifted his interests from Virginia to Ken- 
tucky and carried on primitive, though success- 
ful, farming until his death. He was the father 
of nine children. 

Edwin P. Chandler grew up on the farm, 
but became a merchant in early life and carried 
on a business at Shiloh, Kentucky, for thirty- 
five years. In 1874, in company with several 
children, he moved to Morgan county, Mis- 
souri, and, two years later, with five sons, 
came on to Texas and settled in Rockwall 
county, wdiere his death took place in March, 
1878. His first wife was a Kentucky lady, 
Nancy Barnett, who died March 16, 1856, as 
was also his second, nee Emily Harrison, who 
passed away, in 1880. His surviving issue 
were children of his first wife and were : James 
M.. captain of Company D, Seventh Kentucky 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Infantry, was killed in the Confederate army; 
Virginia, wife of W. A. Carr, died in Mon- 
tague county, Texas; William M.., who died 
in Rockwall county leaving a family ; Thomas 
Jefferson, our subject; Linn B., Hugh G. and 
Jesse B., farmers of Montague county; Frank, 
who died in February, 1878; and George W., a 
leading merchant of Bowie. 

As an adjunct to his father's farm and store 
Thomas J. Chandler grew to manhood, ac- 
quiring a smattering of an education. In 1861 
he enlisted in the southern army and served un- 
der Cheatham and Polk, Army of the Tennes- 
see. He was in the battles of Shiloh, Corinth 
Vicksburg, Jackson, Port Hudson and Baton 
Rouge and was with the service in Mississippi 
when the war ended. He was a private soldier 
and in all the engagements and skirmishes he 
passed through during those four years he 
came out unharmed and uninjured by the fatal 
bullet. 

At twenty-four years of age he began civil 
life as a farmer and continued it in Callaway 
county, Kentucky, with some degree of suc- 
cess until his departure from Texas in the early 
seventies. His advent to Montague county 
was marked by his purchase of one hundred 
and sixty acres of land one mile from Fruit- 
land and ninety acres of it is planted to fruit. 
In 1903 his fruit brought him more money 
than his farm cost him and his constant 
orchard-enlargement will keep him in the lead 
as a fruit man in his county. He is a member 
of the County Fruit Growers' Association and 
his advice and suggestions are accepted as 
authority on matters pertaining to this de-' 
partment of horticulture. 

April 1, 1869, Mr. Chandler married Carrie 
S. AVilliams, a daughter of Curtis Ivie, a Vir- 
ginian who first moved to Wabash county, 
Illinois, and thence to Callaway county, Ken- 
tucky. Mrs. Chandler was born in 1847, and 
is the mother of: Edwin C, Robert E., Daisy 
and Albert S., the youngest, who is yet a mem- 
ber of the family at home. 

Mr. Chandler is now past the age of active 
participation in politics, if he had the inclina- 
tion to do so, but he is a Democrat on party 
questions and is a member of the Primitive 
Baptist church. 

JOHN W. SCHROCK. The name of John 
W. Schrock for years has been prominently 
connected with the history of Spanish Fort, 
Montague county, Texas, where he figures as 
a successful merchant. A sketch of his life 
is therefore of interest in a work of this char- 
acter. 



John W. Schrock was born in Missouri, April 
10, 1850. He traces his ancestry in this coun- 
try back to Virginia, to one of three brothers 
who came to this country from Germany. His 
great-grandparents lived" and died in the "Old 
Dominion," great-grandfather Schrock's age at 
death being one hundred and ten, and his good 
wife attaining the still more remarkable age of 
one hundred and twelve years. P. D. Schrock, 
the grandfather of John W., was born in Vir- 
ginia and there worked at his trade, that of a 
tanner, for a number of years. Finally, mov- 
ing with his family to Missouri, he bought 
land and turned his attention to farming and 
stock-raising, in which he was engaged the 
rest of his life. He died on his homestead. 
During the war of 1812 he was drafted for 
service in the army. Feelinp-, however, that 
bis family needed him at home, he hired a 
substitute. In later life he gave his vote to the 
Republican party, but he never aspired to po- 
litical or public honors of any kind. In his fam- 
ily were eleven children, namley : Isaac, Sam- 
uel, Joseph, Perez D., James W., Andrew J., 
Robert L., Harriet, Rebecca, Elizabeth and 
Margaret. 

Perez D. Schrock was grown at the time 
the family removed to Missouri. There he 
married, and at Scottsville engaged in mer- 
chandising for many years, subsequently re- 
moving to Laclede, Missouri, where he ran a 
store, and finally he bought a farm in Sullivan 
county, Missouri, where he has since lived. 
During the war of the Rebellion he was a 
member of the state militia and was for some 
time on duty at Macon City. Unlike his 
father, he was a strong Democrat and south- 
ern sympathizer. While he never sought offi- 
cial preferment, he was a justice of the peace 
and served as such for a number of years. His 
first wife, Martha A., was a daughter of John 
Minnis, who became a prominent farmer. The 
Minnis family was of Irish descent. Mrs. Schrock 
had three brothers, D. G., a resident of Mis- 
souri, and Benton, deceased, and Leon- 
idas, deceased, and two sisters, Mel- 
vina Scott and Adeline Smith. The only 
child born and living of Perez D. and Martha A. 
Schrock was John W., the subject of this sketch. 
Some time after the death of his first wife Mr. 
Schrock married Sarah Tally, who bore him the 
following children : Byron, Charles, Virgil, 
Flora, wife of Judge Tunnell, Estella, wife of 
W. Patterson, Effa, wife of a Mr. Nichols, and 
Edna. 

John W. Schrock as a boy assisted his father 
in the store and made himself useful in various 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



way-, remaining under the parental roof until 
L870, when, at the age of twenty, lie came to 
Texas. He remained in Grayson county two 
years, and first came to Spanish Fort in 1872, 
where he spent the next two years working in a 
sawmill and freighting some. In 1874 he joined 
J. B. Jones' Battalion of Rangers, which was 
composed of seven companies, and was organ- 
ized for the purpose of protecting the frontier 
from depredations by the Indians. For ten 
months young Schrock was in this service, and 
was honorably discharged at Camp Lee, in 
December, 1874, by Capt. E. F. Ikards. The 
next five years he spent in the cattle business 
in the Chickasaw Indian Nation, then he was 
in Young county, Texas, ten months, giving his 
attention to the sheep industry, after which he 
returned to Spanish Fort, where he has since 
remained. For twenty-one years he was in the 
saloon business, and during that time saw the 
rough side of the town, always, however, obey- 
ing the law and conducting his place in such a 
manner that he won the respect of his fellows. 
Since July, 1902, he has dealt in general mer- 
chandise. He owns the building which his store 
occupies and he also owns a fine farm of two 
hundred and eighteen acres in Red River valley. 
Mr. Schrock married, in 1882, Miss Lizzie 
Burford. who was born in Missouri, 
in 1867, daughter of James Burford, a 
prominenl farmer. Mr. and Mrs. Bur- 
ford died in Missouri. Mr. and Mrs. 
Schrock have two children : Roy B., born Sep- 
tember 27, 1886, and Samuel D", May 2, 1890. 
Mrs. Schrock is a worthy member of the Chris- 
ii.m i hurch, and Mr. Schrock, while not identi- 
fied with any church, belongs to the Masonic 
fraternity. 

JOSEPH BURNAM. Few men in this 
generation so well merit the reverence due Texas 
pioneers of the Republic age as the venerable 
subjecl of this review and few men now living 
have had as intimate a connection with the civil- 
izing agencies of its frontier, as a Common- 
wealth, a- he. From the age of sixteen until 
pasl forty he mingled with both the radical and 
iservative elements of society in the at- 
mosphere of the Rio Grande, retiring to the 
fl : and quiel /one of the slate when the me- 
ridian ' if life was leached. 

While Mr. Burnam's advent to Texas dates 
from iN||. his connection with the northern part 
of the state dates from [876, when he settled at 
Blue Grove, in Clay county, where he occupied 
himself with stock raising and farming. Retiring 
from this in 1882, he came to the townsite of 



Bowie, where he has since been a factor in its 
everyday affairs. Mason, Jones and Strong and 
Burnam were the first merchants to establish 
themselves in the new town, and Mr. Burnam's 
building, occupying the Allen corner, was the 
third store building erected here. The latter 
put in a stock of dry goods and groceries and 
conducted the business for two years, and when 
he retired he purchased the tract now owned by 
Dr. Younger and planted it to orchard and de- 
voted himself to fruit-growing for some twelve 
years. Upon disposing of this he moved to his 
farm near Newport, but in a few months he sold 
it, came back to Bowie, purchased his present 
modest home and retired from active life. 

Joseph Burnam was born in Natchitoches par- 
ish, Louisiana. March 13, 1830. His father, 
William Burnam, was a Kentuckian who went 
into Louisiana as a young man and there married 
a French lady, a Miss Boulyou, who passed 
away in 184T. Her children were: William 
who died in Texarkana, Arkansas, leaving a 
family; Joseph, our subject, and Delze, who died 
in Burnett county, Texas, as Mrs. George Hol- 
man. Upon the death of the mother the father 
brought his children into Arkansas where, in 
1842, he also passed away, and later Joseph and 
his sister came to Texas. 

In 1822 Captain Jesse Burnam, an uncle of our 
subject, came to Texas and settled in Lafayette 
county, on the Colorado river twelve miles below 
LaGrange. He and his sons helped in the strug- 
gle for Texas independence, in which one son 
was slain in battle. To this uncle Joseph 
and Delze Burnam went and with him the sister 
went into Burnett county, where she married, 
reared a family and died. Joseph remained with 
the uncle until friction arose between himself 
and his cousins to an extent that he could not 
tolerate it, and, at fifteen years of age, he cast 
the die and launched his independent career. He 
went to Crocket, got the job of "riding the mail" 
between there and Washington on the Brazos 
and thus earned the first money of his life. He 
carried the mail until the Mexican war broke 
out when, in 1846, he joined the Second Texas 
Mounted Riflemen, Captain John L. Hall. At the 
company election he was made a corporal and 
their muster-in occurred at Isabella Point. The 
command crossed the river at Brownsville and 
Matamoras was soon captured. 

In this war the Mexicans were on both sides 
of the Rio Grande river. They failed to respect 
the terms of their treaty with Sam Houston at 
San Jacinto, wherein the river was to be the 
boundary line between the two republics, and 




FRANK MARLETT AND FAMILY 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



23 



occupied Texas Territory in the hope that the 
old treaty would be abrogated and the American 
government forced to the terms of a boundary 
far east of the river. But the Americans then, 
as now, never took a backward step and ordered 
Gen. Scott to hold the line. Following Mata- 
moras came Monterey and then Saltillo 
and Buena Vista, in each of which Mr. 
Burnam participated, and in each of which 
the Mexicans were glad to yield, for 
General Taylor, although greatly outnum- 
bered, showed them such a band of fighters as 
they had never seen. 

Mr. Burnam enlisted for six months, but, as 
the war was not concluded when his term ex- 
pired, he re.-enlisted for twelve months. Before 
the expiration of this term the war ended, so 
far as Taylor's operations were concerned, and 
he completed his service in camp at Laredo. 

On his release from the army Mr. Burnam 
went to Corpus Christi, where he arranged with 
some New Englanders bound for California to 
pilot them thither. Having learned some Span- 
ish he chose the Mexican side of the river for 
his journey. They reached Chihuahua without 
incident, but there Mr. Burnam took sick and 
was obliged to abandon his charge and his trip. 
Upon recovery, he entered a store as a clerk 
there for a time and when the great Mexican 
fair at San Juan Lagos opened he attended it. 
In 1850 he came back to Texas and established 
himself at Columbus, and in 1852 went into the 
stock business at the mouth of the Colorado river. 
This business occupied him until 1855, when he 
returned to Mexico and took a position with an 
American merchant at Camargo. He was so 
popular with the natives and his service Was so 
pleasing and profitable to his employer that the 
latter proposed to charge back his year's salary 
and make him a third partner in the business 
from the start. In this capacity he remained 
for seventeen years, passing through the Priests' 
Party Revolution and the Maximillian fiasco 
and other peace-disturbing imbroglios with 
which Mexico was afflicted so often, without 
becoming seriously involved himself. 

While in the Mexican republic, to all practical 
purposes he was as a citizen thereof. His build, 
his complexion and his speech were a duplicate 
of the typical high-class natives and his pure 
Castillian tongue could not have done its work 
better had he been born under the influence of 
the Capitol itself. While the Mexican seems 
to place little virtue in veracity for himself, he 
admires- it in others, and Mr. Burnam's great 
popularity with the race grew out of his truth- 



telling practice with them and his candor and 
sincerity at all times. 

In 1872, having prospered sufficiently to place 
him in independent circumstances, he announced 
to his partner his desire to retire and return to 
Texas. Notwithstanding the most attractive 
inducements were offered him to remain, he 
was determined to retire and he did so. In 
April, 1873, he was married, in Coryell county, 
and returned to Camargo on his wedding tour, 
closing up some unfinished business while there. 
Locating in Denison, he entered mercantile pur- 
suits and closed his career there in 1876 when 
he entered the stock business in Clay county. 

Mr. Burnam chose for his life companion 
Miss Vetura Kansas Harris, a native of Ten- 
nessee. She has a brother in Montague coun- 
ty, one at Hobart, Oklahoma, and one in Fan- 
nin county, Texas. Mr. and Mrs. Burnam have 
not been blessed with children but they reared 
an orphan girl, Leora, daughter of Dr. James, 
of Henrietta, Texas. 

As has been shown, the life of Joseph Bur- 
nam has been a busy one and only upon the ap- 
proach of the weakening effects of time did he 
abandon the fight. At the age of twenty years 
he lent his ear to the influences of the gospel 
and for fifty-five years he has been a member 
of the Methodist church. 

FRANK MARLETT. The mention of this 
name introduces a subject whose career covers 
the civilizing era of Montague county, a period 
fraught with perpetual dangers and filled with 
blood-freezing incidents for nearly a dozen years 
subsequent to the advent of the family to this 
county. He represents both the old time and the 
new, because his life spans more than forty years 
of the history of the county, in which time all that 
is herein was made. He has taken part in the In- 
dian hunts, the cow hunts and in the industrial 
and political strifes which the fact of settle- 
ment engendered, and of the settlers along Sandy 
of that early date he is among the very last. 

The founder of the Marlett family was Chesley 
Marlett, the father of our subject, who settled 
on Sandy in 1864, six and one-half miles south of 
where Bowie now stands. Save for the exodus 
during the most dangerous period of the Indian 
troubles he remained permanently on the creek 
and did his modest part in the civil affairs of his 
neighborhood till his death. He entered his land 
as a homestead, and while he achieved some re- 
sults as a farmer he never acquired wealth, and 
passed away with little valuable property, as his 
estate amounted to about $2,000. 



24 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Chesley Marlctt was born in Orange county, 
North Carolina, in 1822. and in childhood his 
father. Joseph Marlctt. migrated to Orange coun- 
ty. Indiana, and there Chesley, Jr., grew up. The 
Marietta of the olden time were French people, 
and our subject's great-grandfather was the 
founder of the family in the Tarheel state. Ches- 
li j Marlett, Sr., married Sidney Montgomery 
and their issue was: Isaac, who died in Orange 
county, Indiana; Eperson, a citizen of Arkansas; 
William, who expired in Orange county, In- 
diana ; George, who resides in that county ; Ma- 
linda, who married Cyrus Lomax; Elizabeth, who 
bei 1 ne Mrs. Ervin C. Polk, and Chesley. 

Chesley Marlett, Jr., was not an educated man. 
His lot when a hoy was cast with the primitive 
country of southern Indiana, where opportunity 
for education was almost unknown to the coun- 
try youth. He married when he reached manhood 
Miss Margaret Jane Hill, a daughter of Joseph 
and Mary (Davis) Hill. His wife was born in 
the county in Indiana where she married in 
March, 1X21. and is passing her few remaining 
years among her children. In 1853 Mr. Marlett 
moved to Coles county, Illinois, and remained 
there three years, coming thence by team to Tex- 
as, and settled a farm eleven miles north of 
Decatur, in Wise county. Wherever he lived he 
prai 1 iced the industry of the farm and maintained 
himself an honorable and respected citizen. .In 
politics he was a Democrat, a Home Guard sol- 
dier ot" the Confederacy and a member of the 
( hristian church. 1 ie died February 3, 1886. Of 
the children of Chesley and Margaret Marlett, 
Joseph, of Montague count)", was the first born; 
then William, of Tologo, Oklahoma; Frank, our 
subject; Malinda, wife of R. J. Sandefur, of 
Montague county; Axiann, wife of Jacob War- 
ner, of Ryan, Indian Territory, and Mahala A., 
woe i.f George Buchanan, of Ryan, Indian Ter- 
ritory. 

Frank Marlett was horn in Orange county, 
[ndiana, Vpril 10, [850. lie acquired little 
knowledge of honks as a pupil in school and his 
life was void of interesting events or excitement 
until he became associated with the frontier in 
Montague county. The frequent foray of the 
red man into the settlement to pillage and steal 
furnished numerous opportunities for life in a 
high key. and he joined in the eager chase on 
man) imi.im.ui-. To rehearse the storj of the 
many deeds of violence inflicted upon tin- hard) 

and daring settlers of that dreadful time would 

onl) lie infringement upon the domain of general 
history and would aid us none in the develop 
nieiit and proper conclusion of this sketch, and 
we therefore pass ,1 w ith a mere suggestion of 



its seriousness. When Frank Marlett became able 
for responsible service on the farm he devoted 
some seasons to the cowboy life in the family in- 
terest. With the curtailing of' the range the cow 
interest lapsed and finally disappeared, as a dis- 
tinct business, and he then devoted himself to 
the work of the farm. His farm of two hundred 
acres lies just back from Sandy, and his residence 
occupies a commanding knoll on the Bowie and 
Jacksboro road. In 1885 he erected a cotton gin, 
and for some fifteen years its site was one of the 
busy places in the Selma settlement. With the 
wearing out of the machinery and the erection 
of more modern plants near the railroads the gin 
lapsed into idleness and the building only is left 
to mark the spot where an industry/ grew up, 
thrived and died. 

December 6, 1876, Mr. Marlett married Miss 
Martha Wagoner, a daughter of Francis and Ad- 
aline (Smith) Wagoner. As a result of this 
union there were born : Henry A., who died at 
seventeen years ; Ida A., who passed away at 
eighteen: Ada M., wife of William Ford; Addie, 
wife of Frank Moore ; Frankie, Millie and Mat- 
tie, at home. Of the Wagoner children those 
surviving besides Mrs. Marlett are : Charley 
Matthias, of Oklahoma; Frank, of Clay county. 
Mrs. Marlett was born in Titus county, Texas, 
April 27, 1857. 

In spite of his wild surroundings, growing up 
among the Indians and the wild game of the for- 
est, he made an honorable citizen from the be- 
ginning of his career and he has passed toward 
the afternoon of life in the respect of and having 
the good-will of all. He has been content w hit 
what his industry brought him and has taken lit- 
tle notice of matters beyond the boundaries of 
his personal interest. He answers to the call of 
Democracy in all party matters, and some years 
ago united with the Christian church. Thus, 
briefly, we have touched upon the salient features 
of Frank Marlett's life, and thus do we submit 
his record to posterity. 

WILLIAM S. FLEMING. In an agricul- 
tural community the pride of her citizenship is 
the brain and sinew that settles and brings under 
cultivation and improvement its fertile soil and 
thereby lends an impetus to a sure commercial 
and industrial development. The settlement of 
any new country entails sacrifice upon its pio- 
neers. Hardships and even actual distress often 
visit them and success and failure are intermin- 
gled the first few years, pending the adjustment 
of social conditions and the proper performance 
of nature's part in the regulation of the sea- 
sons. The life storv of our first settlers will 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



never be fully told, in all its varied phases, but 
enough may be learned and recorded for the in- 
formation of posterity to win admiration for their 
forefathers and to compel a sacred allegiance 
to their memories through the coming years. 

To the category of pioneers does William S. 
Fleming, of this memoir, properly belong. Al- 
though his advent to Clay county is but compar- 
atively recent, yet he is counted among the first 
settlers of a broad country on the Wichita river 
and his efforts have mingled with those of his 
compeers in the reduction of nature and the 
planting of the seed of civilization. In his ca- 
reer of fifteen years in Texas he has tasted the 
sweet and the bitter alike, but the native cour- 
age of himself and wife and the combined in- 
dustry of his household have accomplished re- 
sults which guarantee the family independence 
for years to come. 

It was in 1890 that Mr. Fleming became a 
settler in Clay county, Texas. An emigrant 
from Barton county, Missouri, he had been a 
farmer in that Missouri count}' for eight years 
and his accumulations he brought with him and 
invested in Wichita river bottom land. His 
family camped about till the erection of his first 
residence and the business of the farm was car- 
ried on with more or less success from the start. 
Grain raising constituted his chief occupation 
but his pasture supported a bunch of cattle in 
a little while and all contributed to the prosper- 
ity of the family. Misfortune overtook them 
once, through lack of business foresight of a 
relative, which almost involved the loss of the 
farm, but this financial storm was successfully 
weathered, and now an estate of twelve hundred 
acres constitutes the domestic possessions and 
marks the family achievement in a very few 
years. 

The Fleming farm is almost a kingly domain. 
Its tillable area lies in the fertile valley and upon 
the crest of the hill at the north stands the fami- 
ly residence keeping watch like a sentinel on 
his beat. Living spring water gushes out of the 
hillside in numerous places and the family domi- 
cile commands a view of the landscape for miles 
up and down the river. Gathered near together 
as if under a single roof are the heads and sub- 
heads of this well-known family, content with 
what Providence has bestowed upon them and 
happy in each other's society. 

William S. Fleming was born in Sullivan 
county, Tennessee, July 24, 1835. His father, 
John Fleming, was one of the early settlers there 
from Wythe county, Virginia, where he was 
born and brought up. He was a boy friend of 
old Parson Brownlow and knew him intimately 



during the latter's career in politics and war. 
He was born in 1804 and died April 5, 1871, 
and was a well known citizen and a successful 
farmer. He aided, as a soldier, in the removal 
of the Indians from the Georgia Purchase to 
their reservation in the Indian Territory. He 
held no public office but was a major of the 
state militia in old muster days. 

John Fleming was a son of John and Martha 
(Thompson) Fleming, the father an Irishman 
and an immigrant to America at sixteen years of 
age. His wife was a great reader and an en- 
thusiastic Methodist and bore him children as fol- 
lows : Rev. David Fleming ; James, a black- 
smith who died in Kentucky ; William, a car- 
penter ; Rufus, a blacksmith and farmer in 
Mississippi ; Nelson, of Greenville, Tennessee ; 
John, who died in Virginia, married a Snod- 
grass ; Elizabeth, who died in Washington coun- 
ty, Virginia, married James Steele ; and Mar- 
tha, wdio died in Sullivan county, Tennessee. 
Jane Snodgrass became the wife of John Flem- 
ing. She was a daughter of William Snodgrass, 
one of the first settlers of Tennessee in company 
with Generals Sevier and Shelby. He was a 
Continental soldier during the Revolution and 
fought the English under General Ferguson at 
Kings Mountain, North Carolina. He was born 
in Maryland, married Mary Elder and reared a 
large family. 

The family to which our subject belonged in 
childhood comprised two sets of children, the 
Gillenwaters and the Flemings. Those belong- 
ing to the first family were Lucien, who died 
in Texas ; Ezra, who died in Sullivan county, 
Tennessee, was married to William Snodgrass ; 
Matilda A., married G. H. Roberts and died in 
Cooke county, Texas ; and Joel, who died in 
Hancock county, Tennessee. Of the Fleming 
children Martha A. was the oldest and married 
George C. Chamberlain, dying in Tennessee ; 
William S., of this sketch ; James, of Sullivan 
county, Tennessee, and Asbury, of Wichita Falls, 
Texas. 

William S. Fleming received no education be- 
yond that offered by the country schools of his 
time. Farm work occupied him both before and 
after the war and his efforts along this line have 
brought his success in life. When the war came 
on he enlisted in the Thirtieth Virginia Battalion 
at Broad Ford, McCommas' Company B, and 
Col. Clark's Regiment. He joined the army in 
1862 and saw service in the valley of Virginia 
and about Richmond, his first battle being that 
of New Market. Other engagements following 
were Monocacy, Kerntown, Winchester, twice, 
Cedar Creek, Fisher's Hill, Wilderness and Cold 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Harbor. His service ended at Waynesboro, 
where he was captured by General Custer's 
troops and was held a prisoner at Fort Delaware 
till July 1865, when, on the eleventh of the 
month, he was discharged and furnished trans- 
portation home. 

At about thirty years of age Mr. Fleming 
started in life the second time. The war had in- 
terrupted his early career as a farmer but he 
took up its duties again when peace had been 
established. He remained in his birth state till 
1882, when he sought Barton county, Missouri, 
remaining there till his removal to his present 
location. 

October 2, 1867, Mr. Fleming married, in 
Sullivan county, Tennessee, Mary E., a daugh- 
ter of John M. Davidson, a representative of 
cue of the prominent families of the county. 
Mr. Davidson was a blacksmith and farmer and 
was one of the early settlers there. The issue of 
Mr. and Mrs. Fleming are: John D., who mar- 
ried Maggie Pinkerton and has two children, 
William M. and Albert Lee; Laura J., deceased, 
was the first child of the family and she died 
at sixteen years of age; Addie M. also died 
young; George is yet with the family circle as 
is William A; Charles A., a student in the Fort 
Worth Business College; Nat, who married Jose 
Loving and lives on his own place near Charlie 
and lias a son William Walter; and Stephen J., 
ilu- youngest, is also a member of his father's 
household. 

Mr. Fleming has held membership in the 
Methodist church for many years and his wife 
owns allegiance to the Presbyterians. 

JUDGE MIKE E. SMITH, judge of the 
eventeenth judicial district, a well known and 
popular resident of Fori Worth, has during the 
pasl fifteen years risen to distinction at the bar 
of the state of Texas and is one of the best 
read and capable jurists practicing or holding 
judicial position at Fort Worth. His well trained 
mind and resources as a lawyer have been 
abundantl) reinforced In bis genial manners and 
engaging personality, which enable him to lay 
hold of nun's friendship and retain their good 
will and affection both for their own benefit and 

for his personal advancement. 

Judge Smith was born at Granville, Jackson 
county, Tennessee, in [868, being a son of Hugh 
B. and I (] lillard 1 Smith, who were also 

natives of rennessee and are now both deceased. 
tended school at 1 Iranville and later the 
Elmwood Academy, near thai place. Lie began 
the stud) of law in th< office of his uncle, Captain 
N. Ik Dillard, at Cookeville, Tennessee, and was 



admitted to the bar in the latter place in 1889, 
when twenty-one years old. His preceptor, Cap- 
tain Dillard, is a prominent citizen and well 
known lawyer in Tennessee, having been a gal- 
lant Confederate soldier and having been bre- 
vetted major at the close of the war. 

Judge Smith came to Texas in 1889 and located 
and opened his office in Vernon, where he con- 
tinued a resident for six years. He was successful 
in his practice almost from the first, and also be- 
came prominently identified with public affairs 
in Vernon. He was elected to the office of mayor, 
and also served as city attorney. In December, 
1894, he came to Fort Worth, where he soon 
found himself possessed of all the practice that 
he could well attend to, and where he entered into 
partnership with Hon. O. W. Gillespie, now con- 
gressman, and W. R. Parker. In 1900 he was 
elected district judge of the seventeenth judicial 
district, and is still serving in that capacity. 

Judge Smith affiliates with the Knights of 
Pythias and other fraternal orders. He was 
married in 1892 to Miss Annette Bryan, a native 
of Bonham, Texas, and they have two children, 
Hugh B. and Ruth, who are in school. 

HON. ELMER A. RICE, lawyer and legisla- 
tor, has made a most creditable record at the 
bar and in the council chambers of the State, his 
career reflecting honor upon the district which 
has honored him. He has been closely associated 
with constructive legislation that has shown the 
thorough familiarity with the needs and possibil- 
ities of the state in various lines and his labors 
have been far-reaching and beneficial in their 
effect. 

Mr. Rice was born on a farm near Alvarado, 
Johnson county, Texas, September 12th, 1874, 
his parents being W. A. and Frances (Claunch) 
Rice. The paternal grandfather, Elias Rice, 
located in Johnson county in 1861, saw service in 
the Confederate army and was with the Trans- 
Mississippi department up to the time of his 
death, which occurred in 1863. The father 
came to Texas with his parents in 1859, an ^ 
settled in Johnson county, becoming a pioneer 
resident of this part of the state. The family 
home was established near Alvarado and there 
W. A. Rice was reared to manhood. His birth 
had occurred in Blount county, Alabama, and 
throughout an active business career he has fol- 
lowed fanning, becoming a prosperous agricul- 
turist who now makes his home in Ellis county. 
His wife is a native of Talladega county, Ala- 
bama. 

Elmer A. Rice was a public school student in 
the district schools near Alvarado and spent two 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



27 



years in the high school in this city, where he 
made a splendid record for scholarship. Sub- 
sequently he engaged in teaching school for three 
years, spending two years of that time in John- 
son county and one year in Hill county. It was 
while teaching in the latter county that he was. 
admitted to the bar at Cleburne in December, 
1897, having studied law during the preceding 
five years, a part of which time was spent in the 
office of Ramsey & Brown, one of the most 
prominent law firms of Cleburne. • 

Mr. Rice located for practice in Cleburne and 
has gained success at the bar, which numbers 
some of the strongest lawyers of Texas. He has 
won for himself very favorable criticism for the 
careful and systematic methods which he has 
followed. He has remarkable powers of con- 
centration and application with a retentive mind 
and oratorical power. He stands high as an 
orator, especially in the discussion of legal mat- 
ters before the court, where his comprehensive 
knowledge of the law is manifest, while his appli- 
cation of legal principles demonstrates the wide 
range of his professional acquirement. The 
utmost care and precision characterizes his prep- 
aration of a case and has made him one of the 
most successful attorneys of Cleburne. 

Mr. Rice has also gained honor and distinction 
in public life. In 1902 he was elected a member 
of the twenty-eighth legislature, representing the 
Seventy-third district and in 1904 was re-elected 
to the twenty-ninth assembly. In the former 
session he performed much valuable service for 
his district in the commonwealth, including the 
work which he did as a member of the state com- 
mittee when it revised, passed upon and reported 
to the house the now famous Terrell election bill 
which became a law. In both sessions he was on 
the revenue and taxation committees, and in the 
twenty-ninth sessions he was also a member of 
judiciary committee No. 1, the election com- 
mittee and two other committees and was like- 
wise chairman of the committee on commerce 
and manufactures. In the twenty-ninth general 
assembly he took a prominent part on the work 
of the committee on revenue and taxation, of 
which the Hon. W. D. Williams, of Fort Worth, 
was chairman. Mr. Rice was the author of the 
bill which became a law, fixing a period of limi- 
tation (ten years) on superior titles retained on 
vendor's liens and on deeds of trust — a law of 
special value in real estate transactions. Mr. 
Rice was also instrumental in securing the pas- 
sage of the bill for the new Cleburne charter, 
permitting a city to issue bonds for certain im- 
provements, and a special road law for Johnson 
county was likewise passed through his efforts. 



He took a just pride in his work as committee 
on common carriers and was one of the few 
members to get up a minority report on the 
Southern Pacific merger bill. 

On the 23d of December, 1903, Mr. Rice was 
married to Miss Pauline Meredith, a native of 
Alvarado, and they occupy a very prominent and 
enviable social position in Cleburne. Mr. Rice 
is yet a young man and his ability gives promise 
of a successful future and still greater honors 
in public life. 

LEWIS PINKNEY BROOKS. One of the 
early sheriffs of Young county and a gentleman 
invariably mentioned among its venerable pio- 
neers is he whose name initiates this notice 
and it is his connection with some of the things 
that have been done here that it is the province 
of this article especially to enumerate. Be it said, 
in general, that to the county's welfare as well 
as to his personal gain, has he devoted almost 
forty years of his life, and both as a citizen and as 
a man has he achieved results to which his pos- 
terity may refer with pardonable pride. 

During the period of the Civil War, Young 
county lost its organization and it was before 
it was reorganized that Mr. Brooks cast his lot 
with this portion of the Texas frontier. He came 
hither in 1866 and drifted about from place to 
place until 1870, when he sought the banks of the 
Brazos in the vicinity of Miller's Bend and estab- 
lished his permanent home. In company with 
Taylor Brooks and Ambrose A. Timmons he 
purchased the Shelton survey settled by Locke 
Williams, of which he owns three hundred and 
twenty acres. The pole cabin constructed of 
pickets set on end became his domicile and it 
housed him for two years after his return from 
his old home with his newly wedded wife. In its 
place, in 1874, arose the time-worn and massive 
stone pile which stands as a monument to the 
progress of that day and whose sacred walls 
whisper silent memories of days gone by. 

For several years after 1866 the forays of the 
red man extended over Young county and the 
white settler caught out alone and unprepared 
paid the penalty too often with his life. Only on 
one occasion did our subject come into open 
encounter with this treacherous enemy and then 
not without comrades to spur him on to vigorous 
deeds of self-defense. A party of a half-dozen 
men were building a stone wall on the bank of the 
river near the Brooks home, of which party Mr. 
Brooks and his brother, and Alex. Timmons were 
members. Their arms were left in a pile between 
them and their horses on the sidehill below. 
Suddenly a bunch of eight Indians appeared up 



28 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



the road steering for the white man's horses al- 
most within their reach. With the rush of the 
party for their arms the Indians spied them and 
dropped into the brush near by and a fusillade 
was kept up between the two sides for some 
minutes without positive casualties other than a 
wounded horse. With an equal encounter of this 
sort the Indian was not at all in his element and 
he never tailed to escape it at the first attack. 
His i ourage and bravery were never more hero- 
icall) displayed than in scalping a lone and un- 
armed paleface or in exterminating a family of 
defenseless women and children. 

Mr. Brooks began his career in Young county 
behind the plow and as a farmer his active efforts 
will cud. Content with his choice of location of 
the earlv time he has clung to the landscape com- 
manding the streak of rust that winds its way 
southward and moistens with its liquid prepara- 
tion the sandy bed of the Brazos. Out of his 
fertile soil have sprung crops which forced a 
groan from its burden-laden granaries and from 
its parched surface have occasionally come the 
chief element of the Egyptian scourge. Along 
with the hitter there have come doses of sweet 
and their alternation is the spice which flavors 
a frontier life to the pioneer's taste. 

I ewis P. Brooks was born in Cherokee county, 
i.,, Ma\ i. 1841, but migrated to Texas 
from Barto county. William C. Brooks, his 
father, was horn in Hall county, that state, in 
iSi 5, and died in Barto county in 1898. The lat- 
ter was a tanner, was a man of some education, 
although his father was not, and was a member 
of the' i ieorgia legislature once. John P. Brooks, 
our subject's grandfather, was born on the ocean 
while In- parents. John and Mary Brooks, were 
en route to America to help settle the colonies of 
England, [ohn I'. Brooks had a brother James, 
who went to Mississippi alter he grew up. but the 
former remained about his parents in South Car- 
olina, where the) first located and afterward 
founded the Eamilj in Georgia, lie was called 
"Col." Brooks, presumabl) from his connec- 
tion with the militia service of his state, lie mar- 
ried I tester Bennetl and, with his wife, passed 
awa\ in i !herokee county. The issue of their mar- 
riage were: William C. Melissa. Narcissa, 
Frank and Elijah, who died in Georgia; Nathan, 
<>f Polk count) . ( ieorgia ; Mary ; ( leorge, of Cher- 
okee county, Georgia; Jefferson, of Farmington, 
( ah forma: Frances, who passe, 1 awaj in Arkan- 
sas, and Margaret. 

William t . Brooks served in the Indian 
troubles of Georgia among the Cherokees ami 
married Mary, a daughter of Noble Timmons. 

Mi. Brooks w.i- born in [8l6 and died in [002, 



being the mother of : John, of Cherokee county , 
Georgia ; William W., who died in Arkansas ; 
Julia, wife of A. J. Nally, who resides in Barto 
county, Georgia ; Caroline, who passed away un- 
married ; Lewis P., our subject; Elijah, who died 
in military prison at Camp Chase, Ohio ; Alex. A. 
S., of Knox county, Texas ; Jane, who died in 
Young county, Texas, as Mrs. William Russell ; 
Taylor, who lived awhile in Young county and 
died in Georgia ; Margaret, wife of Jo Rogers, 
and Andrew- J., both of the old home county, and 
Alice, who married Joseph Lusk and died in 
Georgia. 

Lewis Pinkney Brooks acquired a limited edu- 
cation in the country schools of his state and shot 
as many feathered chinkapins into the ceiling of 
his schoolroom as the next one. As he approached 
man's estate and was preparing to assume his sta- 
tion in civil affairs the rebellion broke out and 
he enlisted May, 1861, in Company B, Seventh 
Georgia Infantry, Colonel Gartrell, Hood's Divi- 
sion, Army of Northern Virginia. Beginning at 
Manassas he fought in all the Peninsular campaign 
and at Gettysburg and Spottsylvania, in which 
latter engagement he was wounded, but returned 
to duty without much delay, and was again 
wounded in front of Richmond in December, 
1864, this time receiving a ball through the left 
arm and into his side just under the shoulder, 
which retired him from further active service. 
He enlisted as a private and was promoted in the 
Peninsular campaign to a lieutenancy. 

The year following the end of the war Mr. 
Brooks spent in his native state, getting back into 
the routine of civil life and preparing himself 
for a good, vigorous civil campaign in the state 
of his future home — Texas. His years of service 
in the ranks prepared him for his mission in the 
west and he came hither without misgivings as 
to the final result. Having blazed the way for a 
home he went back to his old home to claim the 
young woman who had promised to share his for- 
tunes some rears before, and in October, 1872, 
he was married. His wife was Miss Cinnie 
Moore, a daughter of John K. Moore, a farmer 
and mill man and an early settler of the Cracker 
state. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brooks' children are: Preston 
S., who is engaged in mining in old Mexico, and 
who is married to Ada Horton ; Edna, wife of 
lames Jordan, of Knox county, Texas: Ethel; 
Alvcrs, of West Point, Mississippi, named for 
the Alvers family, whom Mr. Brooks protected 
from ruffian intruders of his command while in- 
vading Maryland during the war; Retta, Lewis 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



29 



Mr. Brooks was elected sheriff of Young 
county in 1876 and served a term of three years. 
While this was then a "wild and woolly" coun- 
try, few murders were committed, and little crime 
of a nature to attract the public attention was 
enacted beyond the thievery of horses. He did his 
duty faithfully and retired from the office with 
the respect and confidence of his county. He is 
and ever has been a Democrat, and his views on 
questions of moral turpitude are as well defined 
as those on politics. 

JAMES F. STRANGE. In this article the 
brief story of "twenty years a resident of Wise 
county" is told, and it reflects the experiences of 
one of Chico's worthy citizens, James F. 
Strange, the subject of the sketch. It is a story 
of simple success through systematic and earnest 
endeavor as a tiller of the soil, and his rather 
sudden transition from the dawning to the full 
sunlight of perfect day serves to indicate the pos- 
sibilities of achievement when in supreme com- 
mand of a Texas farm. Twenty years ago he was 
dependent upon the results of his yearly toil upon 
the farm, while today Mr. Strange occupies his 
homestead retreat adjoining the town of Chico, in 
semi-retirement and in the enjoyment of the 
fruits of his rural victories. 

While the state of Mississippi gave him birth 
the state of Alabama nurtured him in childhood 
and started him on his civil career when the years 
of his majority had been reached. The family 
is believed to have been originally Portuguese 
and its American founder located in Virginia, and 
then moved to South Carolina, where, in Chester 
district, Daniel Strange, grandfather of our 
worthy subject, was born and married and ac- 
cumulated, as a planter, much of the fortune of 
his active and vigorous life. Daniel Strange was 
a large slave owner, fought the British in our 
second war with England in 18 12 and moved 
into St. Clair countv, Alabama, where he died an 
old man. He married a Miss Charlotte' Raual, and 
in 1833 tne y established themselves in Alabama, 
where their few children assumed their respective 
stations in life. Of their issue, Benjamin was the 
oldest ; John R. and Edward, twins, and Herbert 
H., Patsy and Mary, complete the family circle. 

John R. Strange, the father of James F. of this 
review, was born in Chester district, South Caro- 
lina, March 16, 181 1, and married Rachel For- 
man in that state. His wife was a daughter of 
William Forman, a farmer and a soldier in the 
war of 1812, and she passed away in Tippah 
county, Mississippi, in 1878. While Mr. Strange 
resided in Alabama for thirty years subsequent 
to the advent of the family to Mississippi, he 



passed one year in Mississipoi a few years after 
his marriage and it was during this temporary 
sojourn in Itawamba county that his son, our 
subject, was born. When he settled, finally, in 
the state it was in Tippah county and there he 
passed away October 13, 1888, aged seventy-seven 
vears. A family of seven children came to bless 
"his home, namely: Louisa, who married Wil- 
liam Laster and died in Indian Terri- 
tory ; Catherine, wife of Robert Mann, of Indian 
Territory ; James F., of Chico, Texas; Thomas 
L., of near Booneville, Mississippi ; Martha E., 
who passed away unmarried ; Cynthia P., died 
in Tippah county, Mississippi, as the wife of Mr. 
White ; Eliza married Frank Roberts and resides 
at Lee county, Mississippi, near Baldwyn. 

As stated above, James F. Strange knew Ala- 
bama during the whole period of his childhood 
and removed to Mississippi immediately after the 
Civil war. His advantages were those of the 
other country youth as he grew up, and when 
twenty years old he enlisted in the Confederate 
army, responding to an early call of the govern- 
ment of the seceded states. His company was A, 
and his regiment the Tenth Infantry, Colonel 
John A. Forney. The regiment was sent to Vir- 
ginia at once and arrived at Manassas just after 
the fight on the 21st of July and immediately 
went into Lee's army. The Peninsular campaign 
was hatching and when spring opened the next 
year there was plenty of fighting for everybody. 
Williamsburg- and Seven Pines were fought 
among the preliminaries and then the seven days' 
battle opened, in which, at Gaines' Mill, Mr. 
Strange had his right arm shattered just below 
the elbow, on the 27th of June, by a minie ball, 
and it sent him to the hospital for some time. He 
was discharged and sent home January 20, 1863, 
but when sufficiently recovered he returned to 
duty and was detailed as a commissary officer 
for the remainder of the war. 

Mr. Strange was born September 25, 1841, and 
his most effective months in school were those 
immediately following the war. He dominated 
the schoolroom himself for a time as a teacher in 
Mississippi, and upon the heels of his marriage 
engaged in the work of the farm. He was mar- 
ried in St. Clair county, Alabama, February 23, 
1868, and passed some time as a renter in Pren- 
tiss county, Mississippi. While starting most 
humbly he became, eventually, able to possess a 
farm, and upon it his efforts were directed until 
his removal to Texas in 1885. 

Upon coming into Wise county Mr. Strange 
bought a small farm near Crafton, improved it 
comfortably and cultivated it successfully nine- 
teen years and then improved his forty-acre tract 



3? 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



at Chico and settled down to a retired life. As a 
farmer he lias been content with the income of a 
small farm. Without children the burden of farm 
w < >rk has fallen upon himself, and only such acres 
as he could properly handle has he added to his 
.-tatc He was known as a trader as well as a 
farmer, and the two combined were responsible 
for his ever healthy financial condition. Mr. 
Strange has now one hundred and twenty-two 
ai res of good land. 

Mr. Strange married Miss Mary Phillips, a 
daughter of Jackson Phillips and Cynthia E. 
(Ash) Phillips. Mrs. Strange was one of twelve 
children in her father's family and was born Jan- 
uary 20, 1850. Childless, she has been ever the 
constant companion and steadfast friend of her 
husband and loyally has she done her part in 
their modest work of home development in their 
Texas retreat. Mr. Strange practices the prin- 
ciples of Democracy in politics, is a Master Ma- 
on, and his household joins with the Methodists 
in religious worship. 

DR. JAMES M. MASSIE. Since igoo a 
physician and surgeon at Fort Worth and pro- 
fessor of gynecology in the Physio-Medical Col- 
lege of Texas, Dr. Massie is, by reason of his 
long experience and high ability, one of the rec- 
ognized leaders in the medical profession of 
North Texas and one of the leading exponents 
of the physio-medical school of theory and prac- 
tice. 

Born and reared on a farm in Gasconade coun- 
ty, Missouri, and receiving his literary education 
at Washington, Missouri, he came to Texas when 
a boy of nineteen and located at Bedford, Tar- 
rant county. He was employed in a general stoi 0. 
at lUil ford, and a stock of drugs being one of 
the departments of the business, he learned to fill 
physicians' prescriptions. This experience and 
a more than social acquaintance with Dr. Holt, 
then a practitioner at Bedford, led him to take up 
the studj of medicine. After he had accumu- 
lated enough money from his earnings in the 
Store to give him a good start in college, he en- 
tered the Physio Medical College of "Indianapolis, 
when' he successfully completed the curricula of 
study and was graduated in 1889. On his return 
to T( sas lie began practice in Chico, Wise coun- 
t\. \ year at that place was followed by a year 
at Seymour, Baylor county, then he was located 
in Dallas eight \ears. whence, after a few months 
at Mineral Wells, he finally opened his office in 
I' »rl \\ orth in [900, where he has since made his 
home and center of professional practice. Here 
he h i> buill up a splendid practice, his painstak- 
ing and skillful methods, added to his years of 



experience and study, bringing him gratifying 
success. 

With the well known Physio-Medical College 
of Texas, located at Dallas, Dr. Massie's name 
will always be identified as that of one of the 
founders and sincerest workers in its behalf. 
This institution was established early in 1901. 
Dr. Massie at present is vice president of the 
board of trustees and occupies in the faculty the 
chair of gynecology. The college began with 
seven students, in 1905 had forty-three, and in 
number of students and general success it now 
outranks the Indianapolis college of the same 
school of practice. The course is very thorough, 
requiring four years' work for completion, and 
the faculty, composed of only men of high ability 
in the different branches of their profession, is 
complete for every department of medical in- 
struction. The college at Dallas has received 
fiftv thousand dollars as a donation for a new 
building from Dr. Johnson, of California, who 
will also, upon the completion of this building, 
make a permanent endowment for the institution. 
Other prominent men in Texas have taken a 
financial interest in building up the institution, 
and the Physio-Medical College has already taken 
high rank among the schools for professional 
training in this state. 

The physio-medical school of medicine is an 
outgrowth and a complete and modern develop- 
ment of the system founded by Dr. Samuel 
Thompson, of Virginia. The principles of the 
theory and practice proved and established by 
Dr. Thompson formed the original system from 
which the Eclectic school was developed, but as 
the tendency of the Eclectics was to drift back 
toward the old school, the physio-medical school, 
in later years, became the proper exponent of the 
system founded upon the research and investiga- 
tions started by Dr. Thompson. Its adherents 
call special attention to the fact that its medica- 
tion is entirely without alcohol and other poison- 
ous drugs, the materia meclica including all nec- 
essary agents for the restoration of the body in 
disease without the employment of poisonous 
agencies. Stated in the words of one of its advo- 
cates, "the idea of physio-medicalism is that 
of raising medicine to the rank of a true science 
— not to the science of probabilities, but to that 
of exact knowledge. The physio-medical idea re- 
jects absolutely the giving of poisons in medi- 
cine, and, instead, as its name implies, uses noth- 
ing but non-poisonous agents in which alone 
resides the tendency to bring back organs or struc- 
tures to their physiological standard. The prac- 
tical advantages of the system may be stated as 
follows: It is eminently life-saving and efficient: 




JAMES M. MASSIE 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



3 1 



it is safe and scientific ; it never yet made a 
drunkard by offering him the cursed cup ; it never 
made an opium or morphine slave, nor has it 
ever ruined soul and mind with chloral or co- 
caine ; it never rotted bones with mercurials ; its 
record is clean these hundred years and more." 

Dr. Massie was the pioneer practitioner of the 
physio-medical school in Dallas. In 1893, when 
the Texas Association of Physio-Medical Physi- 
cians and Surgeons was formed, he was elected 
its first president, and he has at various times 
contributed to the physio-medical magazines. 

Dr. Massie was first married at Bedford to 
Miss Kate Bobo, granddaughter of Captain W. 
W. Bobo, a historic character of Texas and of 
Tarrant county. There were two children by 
this marriage. After the death of his first wife 
Dr. Massie married Miss Cornelia Thomas, at 
Chico, and they are the parents of three chil- 
dren. 

GEORGE H. McLAREN. During the year 
1883 there came into Young county a youth 
destined, many years in the future, to play an 
efficient part in the mental and moral training of 
the county's men and women in embryo and to 
assume, at the call of her voters, a prominent 
station in the conduct of the municipality's af- 
fairs. He was an untutored, yet ambitious, boy, 
and industry and obedience to parental authority 
were his chief personal virtues. From the ele- 
ments of the pure air and somewhat romantic 
surroundings an inspiration possessed him, after 
reaching his majority, to rise above the routine 
and monotony of the farm and to accomplish a 
mission in a higher and less laborious sphere. 
From the plow to the pupil's desk, thence to the 
master of a public school and finally to the in- 
cumbency of the chief office in the gift of his 
county, mark briefly, the steps of George H. Mc- 
Laren from a strong young farmer to the clerk- 
ship of Young county. 

He represents a Scotch family which was 
founded in Lauderdale county, Alabama, prob- 
ably in the first quarter of the nineteenth century, 
in which founding his grandfather, Andy Mc- 
Laren, took a conspicuous part. The life of a 
planter seems to have had charms for him and 
he brought his large family of many sons and a 
few daughters to the banks of the Tennessee 
river. There James McLaren, our subject's 
father, was born June 10, 1828, and passed to 
manhood under the influences of a country home 
and school. 

When . James McLaren married he chose a 
lady who was a native of the same county with 
himself, Miss Nannie Hough, a daughter of 



Colonel Joseph Hough, a planter and a large 
slave owner, whose ancestors settled in the south 
in her primitive and aristocratic days. Soon after 
his marriage Mr. McLaren migrated to Arkansas 
and located in Desarc, where he engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits. A few years of residence in 
that climate told so upon the health of his wife 
that he felt impelled to seek another location, and 
he returned to his childhood scenes and home. In 
his native county he took up farming and carried 
it on somewhat extensively before the war. When 
the differences between the north and the south 
ripened into open hostility and a resort to arms 
he became a soldier of the Confederacy and fol- 
lowed its fortunes through the war. Much re- 
duced in circumstances he returned again to the 
farm, rebuilt its old-time prestige as far as his 
ability permitted and was occupied with its culti- 
vation until his death, March 25, 1883. 

The f amilv of ' James and Nannie McLaren 
was a small one, and its childhood membership 
was reared to know and do the right. Of its per- 
sonnel, Emma married M. J. Mabry and died in 
Tennessee in 1885 ; Ella, wife of W. L. Wheat, 
of Memphis, Texas : James L., a farmer, and 
Robert, a merchant of Younsr county, and George 
H. of this review. 

Two years subsequent to the death of her hus- 
band Mrs. McLaren yielded to the wishes of her 
children, sold her old Alabama home and came 
to Texas. Her destination being Young county, 
she bought a farm on the Brazos river seven 
miles south of Graham, and her first home in the 
Lone Star state was established there. She was 
the guiding star and guardian angel of the fam- 
ily while it remained together, and her strong 
and willing sons furnished the sinews that did 
the work. On this farm she lived many years 
and only left it to preside over the home of her 
son. In recent years she was most sorrowfully 
afflicted with total blindness and she is yet, at the 
age of seventy, passing her decline amid the com- 
forts of her son Robert's home. 

George H. McLaren, the subject of this notice, 
was born near St. Florian, Lauderdale county, 
Alabama, September 10. 1870, and, as has been 
suggested, was confined to the scenes of the 
home farm till he reached man's estate. Every 
day of his youth provided its physical exercise 
and his body grew large and waxed strong, but 
lack of school opportunity worked to the detri- 
ment of his active mind. He seems to have been 
ever ambitious to accomplish results and when 
grown he seemed destined to be and remain a 
farmer. Being suddenly aroused to a full con- 
sciousness of his hampered condition and un- 
promising future he resolved to change the whole 



32 



II 



TORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



course of his career and sought the first step 
through education. Having already accumulated 
si line property, he turned it into cash and its pro- 
ceeds, u ith what he could acquire at various kinds 
of labor, later carried him through several terms 
■ if school. 

I le renewed his acquaintance with the common 
branches in two six months' terms in Tonk Val- 
ley under the able instruction of Professor R. 
Lindsey, and many of his "big boy" companions 
of that school have become useful men and good 
citizens of Young county. He attended the sum- 
mer normal in Graham, following- that school, 
and. failing to pass successfully the teacher's ex- 
amination, he prepared himself for a rear in 
\\ eatherford college. Not having sufficient funds 
to "see him through" the year, he laid his situa- 
tion before R. E. Mabry, of Graham, who loaned 
him the cash shortage, and that school year was 
the most profitable of his student life. He made 
rapid progress in his studies, took part in the lit- 
erary society and was chosen to represent it in 
contest in debate with another society, and was 
on the programme for debate at the commence- 
ment exercises of the college. 

He spent three years in school in all, and easily 
obtained a certificate to teach. His first school 
was in Ming Bend, a few miles from home, and 
his forty dollars a month salary alone satisfied 
him thai bis investment in an education was a 

g I one. He was an enthusiastic teacher, was 

original in method and tactful in management, 
and kepi up an interest in the work. He encour- 
aged literary work and independent effort, be- 
lieving strongly in the practical good of the dec- 
lamation and debate. He remained an active 
factor in school work until the autumn of 1900, 
when he was encouraeed to make the race for 
count) and district clerk, which he did and with 
success. He was sworn in November 19, 1900, 
was chosen for a second term in 1902 without 
opposition, and Ins service gave such satisfaction 
thai h<' was the successful candidate in 1904. 

April [9, [903, Mr. McLaren was united in 
< in I '<] ih. tin. with Miss Irene, daughter 
of 1 iptain \ B. < lant. Captain Gant came to 
Young count) early, was a surveyor and land- 
loi itoi fpr mam years and at one time represent- 
ed Parker count) in the legislature. He was a 
lawyer, a Confederate soldier from Tennessee 
and married Miss Julia Raines. Mrs. McLaren 
was born in Young county, and is the mother of 
1 h.nles Gant McLaren, bom in February, [904. 
Mr. \h I. .i.en is a Chapter Mason, a Woodman 
and .1 I >ei ral 



JOHN TROY ROBERTS. The Roberts 
Business College, of Bowie, and its branches in 
the Territory, constitutes one of the coming com- 
mercial schools of the Red river country, and its 
founding marks an event in the life of its presi- 
dent and owner, the subject of this review. For 
more than twenty years engaged almost continu- 
ously in educational work in the Lone Star state, 
from country school to high school, college, and 
finally the founder of a series of commercial 
schools. Professor Roberts has been and is a 
leading factor in the practical education of the 
Texas youth. 

Soon after his birth, August 9, 1861, Professor 
Roberts' parents migrated from Claybourn par- 
ish, Louisiana, to Jasper county, Texas, where 
his father, Captain W. T. Roberts, became a mer- 
chant and planter in and near the town of Jasper. 
The father came step by step across the south 
from his birthplace in North Carolina, and lived 
in Georgia, Alabama and Louisiana, in Minden, 
of which latter state he carried on mercantile 
pursuits for some years. He was born in 18 17, 
fought in the Mexican war as a captain — for 
which service he declined a pension to his death 
— and in the Civil war commanded a company in 
Walker's Division in the Trans-Mississippi De- 
partment of the Confederate government. He 
was successful in business,, spent many years in 
active mercantile and agricultural pursuits sub- 
sequent to the war, and retired to private life at 
Holman. He was an unswerving Democrat and 
was a Royal Arch Mason. 

In the state of North Carolina Captain Roberts 
married Miss Sarah Griffith, who died at Hemp- 
stead, Texas, at the age of forty-eight years. The 
issue of their union were : Walter T., of Wymar, 
Texas ; Mrs. R. F. Sellers, of Gonzales ; Mrs. G. 
W. Lewis, of Uvalde, and John T., of this sketch. 

Pecan Creek Academy, a private institution in 
Favette county, Texas, furnished Professor Rob- 
erts his intermediate education and the A. and M. 
College equipped him with higher learning. As a 
climax to his student career he took a civil law 
course in an institution at Floyd. Louisiana, and 
a common law course at Forest, Mississippi, espe- 
cially fitting him for the special work of educa- 
tion which he was destined to take up. He began 
his work as a teacher in the rural schools of 
Montague county, and in 1888 became superin- 
tendent of the Bowie public schools. He had 
charge of this important work for five years and 
went to Decatur as president of the Baptist col- 
lege there for one year. From Decatur he went to 
St. Jo, Texas, where he took charge of the pub- 
lic schools and conducted them most efficiently 
for four years. Relinquishing his work there he 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



33 



returned to Bowie and established a literary 
school for high-grade work in January, 1901, the 
curriculum of which was modified in the direction 
of commercial school work, and after the first 
year the whole course was shifted and swallowed 
up in a business college course and the Roberts 
Business College was born. 

The institution of which Professor Roberts is 
president and with which his future life is des- 
tined to be associated was chartered in 1904 as 
the Roberts Business College Company, capital- 
ized at $20,000, and under its Texas charter he 
holds the office of chief executive and his daugh- 
ter, Minnie L. Roberts, is the secretary. All the 
stock of the company is held in the family and 
the future outlook for the instiution gives prom- 
ise of a most healthy condition for the company. 
March 4, 1904, the Chickasaw branch of the in- 
stitution was established, which now enrolls 
eighty pupils, and February 6, 1905, the Shawnee 
branch was founded, with the phenomenal enroll- 
ment, in less than six weeks, of forty-three stu- 
dents. The schools are established and main- 
tained for both sexes, and its graduates are tak- 
ing their places among the world's clerical force 
out of everv class. The parent school at Bowie 
has an enrollment of one hundred and forty stu- 
dents, and the process continually going on of 
making business men and women for the future is 
a busy and interesting one. 

March 17, 1886, Professor Roberts married, in 
Bowie, Miss M. C. McDonald, a daughter of 
Cash McDonald, who brought his family to Tex- 
as from Missouri in 1859. This union has been 
productive of the following children, viz : Cash, 
a student in the institution for the blind at Aus- 
tin; Minnie L., secretary of the college and teach- 
er of shorthand ; Edna, Grover, Lucile, Lulu and 
Nellie, completing the family. 

Professor Roberts has taken much interest in 
the work of the leading fraternities, being past 
hipff priest of St. Jo Chapter of Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, a member of Godfrey Commandery of 
Knight Templars, a Shriner of Hella Temple, 
past chancellor of Raleigh Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias, and is past grand of Bowie Lodge of 
I. O. O. F. He has represented the Pythian 
Knights in the State Grand Lodge and is a lead- 
inp' member of the Missionary Baptist congrega- 
tion in Bowie. 

ROBERT A. FOSTER, M. D., a capable and 
popular physician and surgeon of Nocona, Texas, 
was born at Glasgow, Kentucky, December 1, 
1862. His parents were Joseph and Clina M. 
(Ritter) Foster, who were also natives of the 
Blue Grass state. The grandfather was Bartlett 



Foster, likewise of Kentucky. The Fosters have 
largely followed mercantile pursuits and are un- 
ostentatious but honorable and upright people. 
Bartlett Foster died in Kentucky, respected by all 
who knew him. In his family were four chil- 
dren, Joseph, Rice, Susan and Betsy. 

Joseph Foster was reared in the state of his 
nativity, where he learned and followed the shoe- 
maker's trade during the years of his active busi- 
ness life. At the time of the Civil war he re- 
mained neutral and always lived the life of a quiet 
but reliable mechanic. His death was occasioned 
by a cyclone in 1879, and he is yet survived by his 
wife, who is living upon the old homestead in 
Kentucky, at the age of seventy-two years. She 
is a daughter of Josiah Ritter, of Kentucky, 
whose children are Mrs. Foster, Joseph and 
Thomas. Mr. and Mrs. Foster became the pa- 
rents of six children ; John, a mechanic ; Elzie 
and Elven. both of whom are farmers ; Nancy, 
the wife of J.. Forester; Robert A., of this re- 
view, and Cyrus M., who is editor of a newspaper 
in Kentucky. 

Robert A. Foster was reared to farm life and 
acquired his early education in the common 
schools, but greatly broadened his knowledge by 
reading and study in his leisure hours. Becoming 
imbued with a desire to direct his efforts in the 
walks of a professional life he began reading 
medicine when twenty-one years of age under 
the direction of Dr. Graven, and went with him 
on his visits to his patients. Thus he added to 
theoretical knowledge the practical training and 
he learned to readily diagnose a case. After read- 
ing with his oreceptor for a few years he became 
well .informed concerning thie principles and 
practice of medicine and in 1899 he began attend- 
ing medical lectures in Rush Medical College, at 
Chicago, where he remained for one term. He 
then entered upon active practice, and in 1901 he 
did post-praduate work in the Post-Graduate Col- 
lege of Chicago, while after study in 1903-04 he 
was graduated at the Yates City Medical College. 
In all of these different medical institutions he 
studied surgery and he pursued a special course 
in surgery in Texarkana. In 1903 he was grad- 
uated in pharmacy at that place and is therefore 
prepared to analyze and compound all medicines 
as well as to administer the remedial agencies 
which tend to alleviate human suffering. He 
has become well informed concerning pharmacy 
as well as medicine and surgery, and his ability 
is widely acknowledged. He opened an office and 
began practice in Kentucky, where he remained 
for five vears, and in 1898 he came to Nocona, 
Texas, since which time he has given undivided 
attention to his professional duties and has met 



34 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



with good success, well meriting the confidence 
which is given him throughout a large territory. 
I [is success is sure, his practice already being ex- 
tensive, and he has a well equipped office, sup- 
plied with all modern appliances. He keeps in 
touch with the progress of the profession, and 
his labors arc being attended with a gratifying 
measure of prosperity. He has successfully oper- 
ated on a number of cases of appendicitis, and his 
intimate and accurate knowledge enables him to 
do his surgical work in a most skillful manner. 
I le has a commodious residence in Xocona, where 
he is now comfortably and pleasantly situated. 

Dr. Foster was married in Kentucky in 1888 
to Miss .Molly Smith, who was born in that state 
in [868, and is a daughter of Hiram and Biddie 
1 Everett) Smith. Her father was a farmer and 
manufacturer of salt, and both he and his wife 
died in Kentucky. They were consistent advo- 
of the Missionary Baptist church and their 
family numbered two sons and three daughters: 
J. K.. a practicing physician; James, a farmer; 
Betty, the wife of [asper Harper; Anna, the wife 
oi i I rei. and Molly. To Dr. and Mrs. Foster 
have been horn two sons: Frank, born in April, 
[892, and Jack, in February, 1897. 

Dr. and Mrs. Foster are members of the Meth- 
odist church and he is connected with the Fra- 
ternal Brotherhood. During their residence in 
N'ocona they have gained a wide acquaintance 
and the hospitality of the best homes is cordially 
extended to them. Dr. Foster has become a well 
known and capable physician, making continual 
ess 111 his profession and he ever maintains 
a high standard of professional ethics. 

II' >N. WILLIAM I). WILLIAMS, for the 
past fifteen years a prominent and successful 
lawyer of Fort Worth, came to Texas about 
thins years ago, when a bo) fresh from college, 
ined his legal training in this state-, and 
since linn, barring an initiator) period of several 
mi .ill the phases and activities ol" 
life, he has been practicing and lias ad- 
vanced to not; M. 1 nil- it the bar of the state and 
in particular of Fort Worth. 

I le is still onl) in the middle |r nod of life's 
and work, for lie was horn August 26, 
1857, at the town of Vlounl V'ernon, in eastern 
Kentucky. Mis parents were Jesse ( '. and Mary 
((oilier 1 Williams Mis father was born in Vir- 
ginia, but vas of a Maryland famih and with all 
his an iIp l.iti, 1 state. I le is still liv- 

ing in Kentucky, having spent most of his ]jp. as 
: rmed Ei >r some \ ears. 
The t'liiah belonged to the Christian church 
and after the preliminary educational training 



Air. Williams was sent to Abingdon College in 
Abingdon, Illinois, one of the old-established col- 
leges of that church He was graduated at the 
age of sixteen, and immediately thereafter, in 
1873, came to Texas and located at Seguin, 
in Guadalupe county. This part of the state was 
then given up almost entirely to cattle-raising, 
and was infested with numerous "bad men," wdio 
on frequent occasions and without previous cere- 
mony o<- intimation made life burdensome to die 
respectable citizens. In Seguin Mr. Williams 
entered the law office of Judge Goodrich and 
studied diligently tinder the direction of that hon- 
ored preceptor until his admission to the bar, 
which occurred before he was twenty-one years 
old. He eluded the regular "starvation period" of 
a young lawyer's career by going upon a ranch 
and engaged in "punching cows" and the various 
other activities of that famous western industry, 
whereby be not only laid by some store of the 
"sine qua non" so necessary to self-preservation 
and advancement in his career, but also acquired 
by this vigorous outdoor regimen, the rugged 
health and physique which have enabled him to 
prosecute his profession from that day to this 
with untiring energy. He first took up his prac- 
tice in Austin, where he resided for eight years, 
and in December, 1889, came to Fort Worth, 
wdiere he has maintained his office and built up a 
large and profitable patronage during the inter- 
vening years. 

In April. 181)7, he was elected to the office of 
city attorney, and, by succeeding elections, served 
most ably in that office until 1902. In that year 
he resigned in order to make the race for the 
state legislature, and was elected to represent the 
seventy-eighth district in that body. He has made 
himself an important factor in state legislation 
and during the sessions has devoted himself heart 
and soul to the interests of the state as affected 
by statute and legislative enactment. His most 
important achievement was, perhaps, his author- 
ship of the "intangible tax" law, which he pre- 
pared and had enacted. This is a very skillfully 
drawn and beneficial measure, and provides a 
means of taxing the intangible property or busi- 
ness of railroad companies, express companies, 
and other similar public utility concerns doing 
business in the state. Before this act became law 
the assessor had no means of valuing the prop- 
erties of such companies, however valuable might 
be their concessions or business in the state. Mr. 
Williams has the record in the state for special 
service. h\ appointment of the governor, as judge 
of the district court, and no other lawyer in the 
commonwealth has been so often called upon for 
this dutv. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



35 



Mr. Williams is a strong- Democrat in politics. 
He is and has been for several years treasurer 
of the State Bar Association. He is a high de- 
gree Mason, being a Knight Templar and 
a Shriner. He is also a litterateur of no mean 
ability and has gained considerable distinction for 
his literary work, which he does for recreation, 
consisting principally of short stories contributed 
to the eastern magazines. Although he soent 
some years in connection with the rougher side of 
western life and has been acquainted with all 
sorts and conditions of men, he is himself a man 
of fine qualities and of broad, sympathetic at- 
tainments, open to all the influences of the high 
and nobler living. 

Mr. Williams was married at Lockhart, Texas, 
December 5, 1876, to Miss Jettie Pearson. 

DR. JAMES R. TEMPLE, physician and sur- 
geon of Memphis, Texas, is an old and exceed- 
ingly able practitioner, and has, during a period 
when the science of healing and its kindred 
branches have been progressing by leaps and 
bounds, kept entirely abreast of all this advance- 
ment, and is today as thoroughly equipped and 
modern in his methods as he was when he began 
practice a third of a century ago. Dr. Temple is 
a broad-gauged and experienced man of the 
world and affairs, having, in the course of a life- 
time of- sixty-five years, come in close contact 
with many phases of life, and himself having 
been during his earlier years a teacher and soldier 
before entering upon the professional career 
which has since brought him so much honor and 
proved such a useful field for the application of 
his labors. 

Born at Bowling Green, Kentucky, in 1839, he 
was at an early age deprived by death of the 
care and protecting guidance of his parents, J. 
Clark and Fannie (Brashear) Temple. His 
father, a native of Kentucky and a nephew of the 
famous George Rogers Clark of Northwest Ter- 
ritory fame, was a prominent and successful 
farmer, and died at Auburn, Logan county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1852. J. Clark Temple's father came to 
Louisville, Kentucky, from Virginia in 180.1. Dr. 
Temple's mother was born at Beaufort, South 
Carolina, and died in 1849. 

Thus orphaned at an early age he was, when 
eleven years old, taken to Marshall county, Mis- 
sissippi, to be educated. He prepared for a teach- 
ing career, and after several years' schooling in 
Mississippi he returned to Bowling Green, Ken- 
tucky, where, as also at other places, he taught 
school. When the war broke out in 1861 he en- 
listed in the Federal army. Company J, Fifty- 
ninth Ohio Infantry, becoming first lieutenant of 



his company. During his three years' enlistment 
he was successively under Buell, Rosecrans and 
Grant, and among the numerous battles in which 
he participated were those at Shiloh, at Corinth, 
Stone River, Mill Spring. At the conclusion of 
his service he went to southern Indiana, in Spen- 
cer county, where he resumed his profession of 
teaching during 1864-1866. He then entered the 
medical department of the University of Ken- 
tucky at Louisville, from which he graduated in 
1870. His first practice was in Warrick county, 
Indiana, near the Spencer county line, and his 
field of work was in both counties. During a part 
of his practice at this point he was also superin- 
tendent of schools, for he kept up his interest and 
connection with educational affairs a number of 
years after entering the medical ranks. In 1881 
he moved to Brooksville, Hernando county, Flor- 
ida, where he did an extensive practice, and 
where, likewise, he was superintendent of public 
instruction. From Florida he came to his pres- 
ent location at Memphis, Hall county, in 1897. 

At Memphis and in the surrounding country 
Dr. Temple has acquired a very large and profit- 
able practice, for the people have become very 
much attached to him on account of his good 
qualities, both professionally and socially. As 
mentioned before, he. has constantly kept pace 
with the march of progress in medicine and sur- 
gery, and as an indication of his ambition in this 
line he took, in 1901, a general post-graduate 
course in Chicago and a course in the Illinois 
College of Electrical Therapeutics. Of late years 
he has extensively studied and applied the science 
of electro-therapy, and has attained recognition 
as a specialist in this line of treatment. He has 
invested a large amount of money in an X-ray 
machine and other electrical apparatus for his 
office at Memphis. He has been peculiarly suc- 
cessful in the treatment of rheumatism, sprains 
and stiff joints by use of dry hot air, and in treat- 
ing nervous affections and diseases of women by 
static and galvanic electricity, and cancer by 
the X-ray. Dr. Temple is a member of the Pan- 
handle and the Texas State Medical associations. 

In the course of his school teaching days he 
taught hundreds of young men and women at 
Bowling Green and other places, and many of 
these pupils have since achieved prominence in 
their respective walks of life, and many of them 
are residents of Texas, delighting to honor, 
whenever opportunity occurs, their old-time pre- 
ceptor and their fellow Texan. Dr. Temple is a 
Methodist in church relations, and fraternally is 
a Royal Arch Mason. 

He was married in Spencer county, Indiana, to 
Miss Mary McCoy, member of a very prominent 



1182468 






HISTORY OF \ORTH AXD WEST TEXAS. 



family of that name in southern Indiana. They 
have five children: Mrs. Fannie Branch, Robert 
E .. ( harles I'... Ma\ G. and Mrs. Blanche Palmer. 

JAMES P. BRASHEAR, a druggist of Fort 
Worth, has successfully conducted his mercan- 
tile enterprise since 1896, and is now advan- 
tageously located at the corner of Twelfth and 
Mam streets, where he has a well equipped store, 
to which the public accords a liberal patronage. 
\ native of Eogan county, Kentucky, he is a son 
of William Henry and Sarah J. (Rife) Brashear. 
He was only six years of age at the time of his 
father's death. The father had belonged to an 
old family descended from the Huguenots of 
Normandy, who fled from France and settled in 
Virginia, but, meeting with an unwelcome recep- 
tion from the English in that colony, they re- 
moved to Maryland. 

James P. Brashear was reared upon his father's 
farm and devoted his time and energies to gen- 
eral agricultural pursuits for a number of years 
after attaining his majority. His education was 
acquired in the country schools of Logan county, 
and with his mother went to Arkansas in 1870, 
where the latter died in 1882. Determining to 
take up the study of pharmacy, he prepared him- 
self for the profession, which he followed in Ar- 
kansas Eor a time. The year 1883 witnessed his 
arrival in Fort Worth. Texas, where he has since 
made his home. I le has held various positions in 
different pharmaceutical establishments here, and 
m [896 embarked in business on his own account. 
His --tore was first on Houston street, but he 
later removed to .Main street, between Eleventh 
and Twelfth streets, and subsequently came to 
his pre-eiii location on the corner of Twelfth and 
Main streets. This is an excellent business cor- 
ner and in the conduct of his store he is meet- 
ing with gratifying prosperity. In 1894 he was 
appointed one of the three pharmacists compos- 
ing the state examining board of pharmacy and 
continuously acted in the position up to the 
■ nt time. 

Mr. Brashear was married to Mrs. Neman 
Lonnily, a member of the well known Monnig 
family of Fort Worth, prominent as wholesale 
and retail merchants. Mr. Brashear is one of the 
original members of the Bohemian Club, found- 
ed several years ago by Mrs. Gorman, composed 

of people of literar\ tastes and habits for the en 
1. lit of social and literaiw intercourse, and 
I), has contributed as his time would permit to 
the pages of the club magazine — the Bohemian. 
lie is entirely a self made man. and his life 
stands in exemplification of what may be accom- 
plished In a young man who starts out alone m 



the world unequipped save by energy and strong 
determination. He has made consecutive ad- 
vancement in his mercantile career, brooking no 
obstacles that could be overcome by determina- 
tion and honorable purpose, and today he is one of 
the prosperous representatives of commercial in- 
terests in Fort Worth. 

CHARLIE L. TAYLOR. His residence in 
Clay county and his connection with its commer- 
cial interests have amply justified its founders in 
perpetuating his christian name by christening 
the well known rural village in the northwest 
portion of the county "Charlie" in his honor, and 
thus preserving to the generations to come a 
memorial to the pioneer merchant of that locali- 
ty. His advent to the county dates from 1880, 
when he closed his connection with the drug busi- 
ness in Sipe Springs, Texas, in Comanche coun- 
ty, and established himself in a general store 
about a mile south of Red river, near the crossing 
above the Big Wichita's mouth. The cowboy and 
Indian trade of that vicinity was considerable, 
and when it was determined a postoffice should 
be established there his "Viven" name was chosen 
for its name and the trading point of Charlie has 
continued one of importance in Clay count} - ever 
since. 

Charlie Taylor is widely known over Clay and 
adjoining counties as a post-bellum pioneer. In 
1866 a couple of young Missouri boys made 
their way on horseback across the Indian Terri- 
tory and down through the fertile and sparsely 
settled section of central Texas and halted at 
Belton as the terminus of their maiden journey. 
One of them was only nineteen and his posses- 
sions consisted of his saddle horse and the little 
"hudget" of clothes he carried, a stock sufficient 
for his needs just then, but insignificant for the 
youth of today emerging into manhood and em- 
barking on the initial voyage of the journey of 
life. This boy was Charlie L. Taylor and, al- 
though his home county of Washington, in Mis- 
souri, was comparatively a new one. he thought 
to come to Texas, where the "new" of the coun- 
try was yet visible and where opportunities to ac- 
quire a ready hold were only waiting to be 
snatched up. 

Mis first Stop was at Belton, where Mr. Town- 
send was superintending the roundup of cattle 
for the < ialveston Jew, Jalonica, and it was to aid 
in this work that our subject was employed. 
The) gathered up cattle everywhere Townsend 
indi< ated, and if other people's cattle got into the 
old Jew's heid and were sold at Houston and 
Galveston under the Jalonica brand it was no 
fault o\ young Taylor, although, in after years, 




J. P. BRASHEAR 



HISTORY" OF XORTH AXD AVEST TEXAS. 



3>7 



he wondered whether his first labors in the Texas 
cattle roundup were not largely those of the early 
"rustler'' with himself unconscious of the im- 
morality of the act. They drove cattle from the 
prairies of Coryell county, and as they moved 
southward their herd increased amazingly and 
there is no doubt that of the thousands so gath- 
ered into Israel's fold immense numbers of them 
were of a Gentile brand. 

Leaving his first employer, Mr. Taylor joined a 
Mr. Young, in Williamson county, on the cow 
range; and was with him about eight months, fol- 
lowing which he engaged with the well known 
Rubarth ranch, its owner being one of the oldest 
settlers of the county. For Mr. Rubarth he rode 
the range for seven years, and during the era of 
driving cattle to the nearest railroad points for 
shipment he accompanied herds to nearly all the 
historic shipping points south and north. He 
made a trip to Xew Orleans, Louisiana, to Gal- 
veston and Houston, at which latter place he saw 
manufactured ice for the first time, and to Baxter 
Springs, Xewton, Abilene and Junction City, 
Kansas, closing up the Kansas drives in 1873. 
This same year he made a trip to Xew Mexico 
with a bunch of fifteen hundred cattle, crossing 
the plains and up the Pecos river, being' four 
days and nights without water for the stock. 

These few experiences only tend to recall to 
the mind ot the actual participator evenvs of an 
exciting and oftentimes dangerous nature which 
he encountered and the most of which is doomed 
to remain unwritten history to the great judg- 
ment day. 

On leaving the range Mr. Tavlor tried farming 
for a year or two and with the means at his com- 
mand then engaged in the drug business at Sipe 
•Sprinp-s, from where, about four years later, we 
have established him as a merchant in Clay coun- 
ty. He was a merchant in Charlie some seven 
A-ears. met with financial success and was finally 
closed out of business by the loss of his stock by 
fire. He had accumulated a bunch of cattle dur- 
ing these years and these he sold and invested 
the proceeds in horses, engaging in the raising of 
the same. After the accumulation of several hun- 
dred head of horses and mules he traded them for 
land and then located his family in Henrietta. 
In the county seat he was engaged in the livery 
business for three vears, selling out to J. O. Cur- 
tis and since then being actually retired until he 
opened, in March, 1905, a large hardware and 
furniture store. 

Charlie L. Taylor was born in Washington 
county, Missouri, November 3, 1847. and was a 
son of William J. Taylor. His father was a 
school teacher in earlv life, but in middle life 



spent many years on the plains and on the west- 
ern frontier looking for the precious metal and 
seeking his fortune by the pick and the drill. 
He made one trip to California, returning by 
water, but without much gold. He made two 
trips to Pike's Peak during the days of "On to 
Pike's Peak" and on the last one himself and 
many of his companions were compelled, by the 
loss of their cattle, to roll their wheelbarrows, 
laden with their outfits, over a portion of the 
once Great American Desert and to their object- 
ive point. Although he dug some money from 
mother earth on these various trips, not enough 
was gathered to relieve the trips from the odium 
of "failures." and the year 1861 found him at 
home and ready for other and newer experiences. 

At the outbreak of the rebellion William J. 
Lavlor raised a company in Saline county, Mis- 
souri, and started to Fort Sumter with it. He was 
killed in battle at Arkansas Post during the prog- 
ress of the Federal campaign in straighten ine out 
things in the southwest. He was born in Yirginia, 
and became identified with Missouri when a 
single man. He married Mary Cooper, of the 
famous Cooper family from Kentucky, who set- 
tled Cooper county. Missouri. Mrs. Mary Taylor 
died in 1857. The family of William J. and Mary 
Tavlor consisted of F. W., who was killed by the 
Rangers in Texas in 1877 : Mary E., wife of W. 
E. Yernon, of Cisco, Texas : Charlie L. and 
Jennie, deceased. 

At about ten years of age Mr. Taylor, our sub- 
ject, began contributing to his own maintenance. 
He worked from place to place and did his best 
with the limited mental and other training he had 
had. When he had finished his career as a cow- 
boy and had launched fairly in a stable business 
he married. This event in his life occurred in 
Sipe Springs in 1879, his wife being Gertie A. 
Percifild. The- children are : Claudie, who died 
at the age of twenty years ; Lottie, who died 
young, and Charlie L., Jr., now thirteen years of 
age. 

Mr. Taylor is a lifelong Democrat, but politics 
has not been one of the fields of his achieve- 
ments, and. beyond the act of voting, he has had 
little interest in it. Twenty-five years ago he 
joined the "three-link" fellows, and the work of 
the subordinate degree has provided him with 
his knowledge of Odd Fellowship. 

GEORGE Q. McGOWN, a prominent attor- 
ney of Fort Worth and well known throughout 
his community, was born in St. Charles county, 
Missouri. He is a son of Judge D. T. McGown. 
a native of the Old Dominion state of Yirginia, 
but at the age of five years was brought by his 



38 



HISTORY OF XORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



father, 'Daniel McGown, to Missouri, the family 
locating in St. Charles county, and there Daniel 
McGown spent the remainder of his life, dying 
at the age of ninety-five years, an old and greatly 
respected citizen of the county. His son there 
grew to years of maturity and in 1859 was mar- 
to Mr- Vgnes Cray. In 1870 'the family 
>yed to southwest Missouri, locating at Gold- 
en l iiy. Barton count}-, where he became a sub- 
stantial and prosperous farmer, well known in 
ounty and for many years its judge. A few 
years ago he laid aside the active cares of busi-- 
ness life and joined his son George in Texas. 
They make their home in North Fort Worth, 
where Judge McGown has property interests.'. 
rge Q. McGown spent the early years of 
his life on a farm, receiving his elementary 
ational training in the ' country schools. 
Learning the mercantile business he went to Wel- 
m, Kansas, where for ten years he was suc- 
ill) engaged in that occupation, but after 
his removal to Fort Worth in [802 he decided to 
take up the legal profession, and accordingly 
Ins law studies in the office of Judge W. S. 
Since' his admission to the" bar he has 
i"l a successful and continually growing 
practice in Fort Worth, and from the beginning 
"l Ins professional career he has made a special- 
ianking law and commercial and corporation 
practice, in which he has reached eminent sue-' 
tnd is considered an authority on these 
branches al the Fort Worth bar. Believing that 
lin ^ is an age of specialization, he has limited 
'ractice to such, and a da roe clientage has 
been vouchsafed him. Since July, 1904, he has 
earned on business under the firm name of Mc- 
Gown & Wade, Mr. Wade having been admitted 
""" the firm at that time, and they have 
handsome and commodious offices in the new 
Reynolds building. In addition to his legal prac- 
tice Mr. McGown has also been identified with a 
1 of corporations and business firms of this 
city, being the general attorney for the Dallas and 
1 "'' Worth I redil Men's Associations and man- 
ager ot their adjustment bureau. lie is also a 
" of and attorne) for the firm of F. H. 
" 'I & I ompany, manufacturers of wind- 
mills, gasoline engines, water pipes, etc: also 
served as attorne) for a number of the local 
building and loan associations ; and was one -1" 
arter members and organizers of the I mited 
olent Association and has had charge -1 its 
nti rests for some time. 
Mr. McGown married Miss Dora S. Pierce 
their wedding hem- celebrated in Wichita Kan- 
sas, and tin j have three sons. -Harry, (, rover 
( . and George < >.. Jr. Mr. McGown is a deacon 



in the Broadway Presbyterian church, in which 
he is an active worker and liberal supporter. In 
his fraternal affiliations he is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in which 
he has filled all of the offices. Wherever known 
he is held in high regard, and those who know 
him best are numbered among his warmest 
friends. 

GEORGE W. BRAZEAL. The rural devel- 
opment of "Ten Mile" prairie, in Jack county, 
and the promotion of the substantial interests of 
agriculture in the same community have had an 
active ally in the person of George W. Brazeal, 
whose name introduces this particular article. 
For the past twenty-one years he has been con- 
nected with agrarian affairs in this, one of the 
most favored spots of rough and rugged Jack, and 
the efforts of himself and his twin" brother, who 
has been equally active and progressive, have 
brought a naked and untamed tract of land into 
the union of homesteads, a beautiful and produc- 
tive farm with ample and substantial improve- 
ments and with an area of a baronial estate. 

George and Willis Brazeal were born in Grav- 
son county, Texas, December 23, 1867, and were 
sons of Henry Brazeal, who settled there before 
the Civil War and owned a farm near Pilot Point, 
upon which he died in 1868, at about thirtv-five 
years of age. The father was a Confederate sol- 
dier during the conflict between the states, and 
as a tiller of the soil carried on business some- 
what extensively for his day. He came to Texas 
from Tennessee a single 'man and married in 
Grayson county, Sarah, a daughter of G. Wash. 
Lemons, who bore him George W. and Henrv 
W., twin sons and the subjects of this sketch. 
The paternal grandfather of our subjects wasr 
Henry Brazeal, who passed awav in Grayson 
county at a ripe old age, and the maternal grand- 
sire was George W. Lemons, who was a Missouri 
settler to Grayson county and in Missouri his 
daughter Sarah was born. Some vears subse- 
quent to her first husband's death Mrs. Brazeal 
married Jesse L. Craig, once a prominent citi- 
zen and farmer of northern Jack county, and 
this union was productive of children as follows: ' 
John T., of Greer county, Oklahoma, and James 
F.. of Hale county. Texas. The mother of these 
children passed to rest near the home of our sub- 
jects -in 1803. 

The brothers of this notice have passed their 
lives exclusively as farmers, being brought up 
and instructed by a sympathetic step-father and 
by a kind and loving mother. Their educations 
were looked after by the masters of the country 
school near by and at seventeen years of age they 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



39 



accompanied the family into Jack county. On 
reaching their majorities father Craig gave each 
a horse, ten head of cattle and all the good-will 
he possessed, and they set about at farming as 
tenants and worked occasionally for wages and 
immediately started up the long and stony incline 
to success. On buying the nucleus of their 
"io-mile" farm they contracted for two hun- 
dred acres, built a box shanty for their families 
and began to grub. General farming yielded 
them profits from year to year and farm improve- 
ments and further farm development was con- 
stantly carried on. The farm boundaries were 
extended to include other lands and they now 
own a body of five hundred acres, a beautiful 
landscape and an ideal place for a country seat. 

April 15, 1891, George W. Brazeal was first 
married, his wife being Laura O. Faver, who 
died in 1892 leaving a daughter, Jessie A. June 
14, 1903, Mr. Brazeal married Erne May Jones, 
a daughter of Thomas Jones, who died in John- 
son county, Texas, where Mrs. Brazeal was born 
in the month of July, 1888. Wealthy Jewell, a 
little daughter,, is the result of this marriage. 

Henry W. Brazeal was united in marriage to 
Miss Mattie Faver, and has seven children. The 
brothers are not interested in politics beyond the 
expression of their will at the polls, and on na- 
tional questions this expression is always Demo- 
cratic. 

JOSEPH M. HENDERSON is numbered 
among the honored dead of Tarrant county, de- 
parting this life August 31, 1903. Death often 
removes from our midst men whom we can ill 
afford to lose, men who have been active in af- 
fairs of life that contribute to individual suc- 
cess and to the public prosperity and develop- 
ment as well. Such a one was Mr. Henderson, 
whose work in behalf of his community was far 
reaching and beneficial and who in public service 
and private life was always loyal to those prin- 
ciples which make for uprightness and honor 
in man's relations with his fellow men. 

A native of Tennessee, Mr. Henderson was 
born in Bradley county, on the 21st of March, 
1841, his parents being William and Serena 
(Ware) Henderson, the former a native of Vir- 
ginia and the latter of Tennessee. The father 
was a farmer and slave owner and about 1845 
went with his family to Missouri, establishing 
his home in Cooper county. He was not long 
permitted to enjoy his new home, however, for he 
passed away there on the 8th of August, 1846! 
His widow afterward married again and her 
second husband died while en route to California 
in 1849. I" 185 T she came with her children 



to Texas, establishing her home near the pres- 
ent site of Birdville. She was a daughter of 
John Ware, also a native of Tennessee and he, 
too, died in Missouri. Mrs. Ware and her fami- 
ly came to Texas in 185 1 with the Henderson 
family and others, settling in Tarrant county, 
where she passed away in 1863, being at .that 
time survived by a son and four daughters: 
Margaret, Samuel, Mary, Nancy and Serena. In 
the Henderson family were six children, namely : 
John E., who was killed at the battle of Mans- 
field ; Mary J., who died at the age of eighteen 
years; Joseph M. ; Emily A., the widow of John 
Acres ; William C, a farmer and stock dealer 
of Tarrant county ; and Sarah, the wife of James 
tiardesty, of Fort Worth. 

Having come to Texas Mrs. Henderson pur- 
chased three hundred and twenty acres of prairie 
land and upon that farm she spent her remaining 
days, passing away September 3, 1880. She held 
membership in the Cumberland Presbyterian 
church and was a lady of splendid traits of char- 
acter, devoted to her family, genial and kindly 
in her relations with friends and at all times true 
to her professions as a member of the church. 

Joseph M. Henderson was a young man when 
he came with his mother and grandmother and 
their respective families to Texas. Upon the 
home farm near Birdville he was reared and as 
he was the oldest son he early had to assume 
great responsibilities in connection with the 
farm and the rearing of the younger chil- 
dren of the household. He attained his majori- 
ty in Tarrant county and was truly a self educat- 
ed and self made man. Very ambitious, however, 
not only to attain worldly success but also to 
broaden his knowledge, he added continuously 
to his information through reading-, investigation 
and observation and became well informed on 
topics of general interest. He always devoted his 
life to agricultural pursuits, in which he pros- 
pered both as a tiller of the soil and as a stock 
dealer. For a number of years he gave his at- 
tention to registered stock and was one of the 
leading promoters of this industry in his sec- 
tion of the state. Following the death of his 
mother he purchased the interest of the other 
heirs in the old home property and as his finan- 
cial resources increased he wisely invested his 
money in other tracts until his holdings were al- 
most two thousand acres. The soil was black 
and alluvial and the entire farm was under fence, 
three hundred acres being highly cultivated, 
while the remainder was used for range pur- 
poses. He rented much of his cultivated land, 
while his attention was given more exclusively 



I" 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



to thi stock business and in raising both cattle 
and horses he became well known. 

Mr. Henderson nol only successfully and ex- 

ly conducted farming and stock-raising 
interests but also figured prominently in public 
affairs of the county and for two terms or four 
acted as county sheriff, discharging his 
duties without fear or favor. He made a most 
faithful and efficient officer, winning high en- 
comiums from all law-abiding citizens. He like- 
wise served for four years as tax collector of 
the county and no public trust reposed in him 
was ever betrayed in the slightest degree. 

At the time of the Civil War Mr. Henderson 
espoused the cause of the Confederacy and in 
July, 1862, enlisted in Green's brigade of Waller's 
battalion, which was assigned t" the Trans-Mis- 
sissippi department and he served therewith until 
the cessation of hostilities, having in the mean- 
time participated in some hotly contested engage- 

1 ts and many skirmishes. He went with 

Banl on the Red River campaign and in the 
last battle at Yellow Bayou was wounded in the 
mouth by a minie ball, whereby he lost five of 
his teeth, while his jaw bone was broken. That 
ball, as a souvenir of his military experience, is 
still in the family. Being thus disabled, he was 
granted a furlough and returned home but at 
the end of two months, having recovered from 
his injuries, he rejoined his command and was 
with his regiment on the Lower Brazos at the 
time cf the close of the war. There the regi- 
ment disbanded and he returned home. 

On the ist ( ,f April, [888, Mr. Henderson was 
united in marriage to Miss Ishie J. Jewell, a na- 
tive of Parker county, Texas, burn in 1865 and 
a daughter of Hiram C. and Ann 1 Prince) Jew- 
ell, the former a native of Tennessee. He came 
to Texas in [848, settling first m Lamar count) 
and resided consecutively in Grayson, Collin, 
Hill, Parker and Tarrant counties. He and his 
wife are now residents of Fort Worth, Mr. Jew- 
ell being in the eighty-first year of his age. He 
was one of the pioneer settlers of this pari of the 
state and his worth was widely acknowledged 
by reason of the effective aid which he rendered 

in the substantial development of this pari of the 

state. 1'nto Mr. and Mrs. Henderson weir horn 

two children. Modenia S.. whose birth occurred 

Februan 21, [889; and Robert \\".. who was 

born I >ecember 11. [891. 

In his political views Mr. Henderson was a 
stanch Demo, rat and. keeping well informed 
conci ' ■ ■ oi the da) . was able to 

supporl his position by intelligent argument. He 
was prominent in Masonry, having taken the de- 
grees of the Royal Mvh chapter and the Knight 



Templar Commanderv at Fort Worth and his 
life was in harmony with the teachings of the 
craft, which is based upon mutual helpfulness 
and brotherly kindness. Mr. Henderson was a 
devoted member of the Baptist church of Fort 
Worth, while his wife holds' membership in the 
Methodist church. He favored intellectual and 
moral progress as well as the material develop- 
ment of his county and was a man universally 
respected and honored by all who knew him be- 
cause of his allegiance to principles of upright- 
ness and integrity. He never falters in hi,s sup- 
port of any cause which he believes to be right, 
and while he prospered in his business undertak- 
ings and held friendship inviolable his best traits 
of character were reserved for his own home and 
his family, his interests centering in his house- 
hold. 

SAMUEL F. HEATH. Montague county 
has been the home of Samuel F. Heath since 
August of the centennial year, when he estab- 
lished himself within three miles of his present 
location, in close proximity to the far-famed 
Queen's Peak. His activities the past thirty 
years have been displayed in the varied interests 
of the farm and stock and while his efforts have 
redounded to his personal welfare his county's 
good has also been served and it is of the lives 
of such that it is the province of this work to 
commemorate. 

ld:e Empire state of Missouri furnished many 
of her hardy citizens to settle the frontier of the 
Lone Star state, and Mr. Heath among the num- 
ber'. This mecca of open range and cheap homes 
attracted him hither and he has passed his years 
here rather as a farmer than as a stockman. 
Stock-farming expresses the situation more ac- 
curately and as such his success is measured by 
substantial results. 

Marion county, Missouri, is Mr. Heath's na- 
tive place and his birth occurred October 15, 1843. 
His father, Richard F. Heath, was an early set- 
tler of that county from Virginia, was a farmer 
and died in 1845. The latter married Rachel 
Kincaid, a Missouri lady, who passed away in 
[855, the mother of John K., of Marion county, 
M issi >uri, and Samuel F. 

The responsibility of partially rearing Samuel 
F. Heath devolved upon his near relatives, for 
he was left an orphan at the age of twelve years. 
Limited education was all that was in store for 
him and before he attained his majority he was 
making his maiden effort in life's battle as a farm 
hand at twenty-five cents a day. For several 
years he followed common labor as a wage-work- 
er and before the termination of his career as 




r^ll^TTlU^^ 




HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



4i 



such he entered the army of the Confederate gov- 
ernment, then in conflict with the United States, 
and saw about two years of military duty in the 
state of his birth. 

His enlistment in Col. Porter's regiment oc- 
curred in 1863, in August', and was in "Pap" 
Price's army. His initiation into real serious 
warfare occurred at the battle of Newark, Mis- 
souri, and following this came Kirksville, Palmy- 
ra and a fiasco by another name in the same state. 
His command disbanded when events pointed 
strongly toward the eventual success of federal 
arms and Mr. Heath again welcomed the scenes 
of the farm. 

In 1865 Mr. Heath joined a company made up 
in his county to go to the Pacific coast. They 
crossed the Missouri river at Nebraska City, 
went up the South Platte to Fremont's Orchard, 
crossed over to the North Platte and 
down through the Bitter Creek country in 
Wyoming and over into Idaho to Boise 
and thence to the Columbia river at The 
Dalles and down the river to Portland. 
Discouraged by months of sickness in Ore- 
gon Mr. Heath returned to Idaho in the spring 
of 1866, where, in company with Payne and 
Duster, he ran a pack train between Lewiston and 
Helena. In the fall of 1866 he sold his interest 
in this crude overland freight transportation com- 
pany, took a boat at Fort Benton on the Missouri 
river and disembarked at Sioux City and made 
his way home. 

Once more in his old haunts Mr. Heath re- 
sumed farming and continued it with fair success 
until his departure for Texas in the fall of 1875. 
He reached the state in November and stopped in 
Grayson county until August, 1876, when he in- 
troduced himself and small family to the few 
neighbors about Queen's Peak, in Montague 
countv. He nurchased a new farm of one hun- 
dred seventy-seven and three-quarters acres soon 
after his arrival, which he substantially improved 
and where he makes his home. As prosperity has 
justified he has increased his landed dominions 
by successive purchases until he owns 433 acres, 
a farm ample and sufficient for his future do- 
mestic needs. 

February 14, 1867, Mr. Heath married Lizzie, 
a daughter of A. H. and Andro (Barnett) 
Kincaid, who was one of seven children in her 
parents' family. In 1887, Mrs. Heath died leav- 
ing children: Samuel, of McLoud, Oklahoma, 
married to Alice Chrisman and has children. 
Myrtle L., Homer W., John P., and Andro May; 
Ann Rachel, wife of Thomas Heath, of Jack 
countv ; Rev. J. O., Washington state, and Liz- 
zie K. August 31, 1891, Mr. Heath married 



Cora B. Presswood, a daughter of Joseph Van- 
Vacter and widow of Austin Presswood. Mr. 
VanVacter was a Virginian but came to Texas 
from Missouri, in which state Mrs. Heath was 
born July 13, 1865. The issue of this union are : 
Nora Belle, Hermine G., Norman, Thelma B., 
and Arvelle T. 

Mr. Heath is a plain citizen with honest con- 
victions who, on questions of public policy on 
national issues, espouses the cause of Democracy 
and in spiritual matters he holds to the Mission- 
ary Baptist faith. 

WILL A. MILLER, JR.. is a foremost young 
business man and public-spirited citizen of Ama- 
rillo. As manager of the Will A. Miller Land 
Company at this place he has been an effective 
factor in promoting permanent immigration to 
this section of the state and developing it as a 
great farming and stock-raising region. The Will 
A. Miller Land Company was founded by Mr. 
Miller's father, Will A. Miller, Sr., who was one 
of the leading business men of Decatur, Wise 
county, this state, for twenty-seven years, and a 
well known and honored Confederate veteran. 
Captain Miller was born at Monroe, Louisiana, 
in 1842, and in 1861 enlisted at that place as an 
artilleryman, going out as a sergeant and after- 
ward being promoted to the command of a bat- 
tery of artillery. It is notable that he opened the 
great battle of Shiloh, on the part of the Confed- 
erates, by firing the first shot from artillery. He 
was in a number of the great battles of the war, 
and won distinction by his service. For some 
time after the war he lived at Texarkana, Arkan- 
sas, -and in 1876 came to Texas and located at 
Decatur, which remained his home until April, 
1905. 

In 1881 he started in the real estate business 
there, making a specialty of ranch and cattle 
lands. About 1884 the Will A. Miller Land 
Company was organized, which is now owned 
by himself and his sons, Will A. and Stuart, the 
latter managing the Shamrock office. The land 
transactions are now carried on at the Amarillo 
office, of which Will A. Miller, Jr., has charge. 
Several years ago this company was made the 
immigration agent of the Fort Worth and Den- 
ver Railway, and in that capacity the company's 
operations have followed the road from Fort 
Worth to Texline ; and they have gradually 
opened the country toward the northwest and 
promoted the prowth and development of all the 
towns and surrounding country on that line. Be- 
sides the large interests which they represent as, 
agents, the Millers have large properties of their 
own, among which is a fine ranch in Archer 



[ISTORY OF NORTH AXD WEST TEXAS. 



county and one in Potter county, sixteen miles 

if \marillo. The large business transacted 
by the company may be better understood from 
a few figures concerning their recent operations. 
In the year [503 they sold at the Amarillo office 
a million and a quarter acres of Panhandle 
lands, and during the first eight months of the 
year [904 their sales totaled a million acres. They 

mad< a specialty of selling' the lands of 
the famous 1.. X. and L. S.. ranches, which are 
now in the process of division into small stock 
farms. The L. X. ranch lies in Randall and Potter 
counties, and at the time it was put on the market 
it contained nine hundred and eighteen sections of 
land. Tlu- L. S. ranch lies in Potter -and Oldham 
counties, is almost as large, and has all been sold. 
1 aptain Miller was a man of much influence 
at Decatur, and for several years he was honored 
by election to the office of clerk of the county 
and district courts there. His wife's maiden 
name was Emma Whetstone, and she was born 
near Shreveport, Louisiana, their marriage being 

ited during the progress of the Civil War. 
Me is now living at Amarillo and is one of the 
progressive citizens of this city. 

Will \. Miller. Jr., was born at Texarkana, 
Arkansas, May 14, 1K71. and was reared and re- 
ceived his education at Decatur. Texas. He af- 
1 lied law in the law department of the 
I e .1- State University at Austin, where he was 

ited in [891. lie has never practiced ex- 
cept in connection with the company's business. 
and is die company's attorney and confines his 
legal work to the same, lie came to Amarillo to 
establish die ..fliee of the land company in 1899 
and has since remained a resident of this ■ city. 
He is a vcr\ busy man. has the requisite energy 
for an extensive business of this kind, and his 
time is almost etitircK occupied in promoting the 
growth and settlement of the Panhandle. He 
spends large sums tor advertising, and has been 
die medium through which many settlers have 
bei 11 located in the stock-farming business in this 
pari of the stale and made worthy and perma- 
nent citizens. Mis business is alwavs conducted 
"" ;i thoroughl) reliable an. I honest basis, with- 
"■ representation and exaggeration which 
cause the statements of the ordinary real estate 
agenl to be discounted lift\ per cent in the judg- 
ment, and this policj has paid well and been to 
no small degree responsible for die large and 
continued success of the compam . Mr. Miller 
has traveled so extensiveh through all this Pan- 
handle regipn thai he is one of the best known 

men oi this section, and he likewise wields no 

small influence among his fellow citizens. At the 

present writing he is serving as chairman of 



the Potter county Democratic executive commit- 
tee. 

In 189G Mr. Miller was married at Decatur, 
Texas, to Miss Nellie Beard, and they have two 
children, Lee Roy and Charlotte. 

PRICE W. BROOKS, a representative of 
one of the early families of Texas, who is now 
giving his time and energies to stock-farming 
in Montague county, is a native son of Kentucky, 
born February 13, 1847. His parents were John 
B. and Julia A. (Kelly) Brooks, both of whom 
were natives of North Carolina, in which state 
they were married. The father was of English 
descent and the mother of Scotch-Irish lineage 
and of Choctaw Indian stock. They were mar- 
ried in the old North state and afterward removed 
to Kentucky, whence they went to Illinois in 
1854, remaining there until i860. That year 
witnessed their arrival in Fannin county, Texas, 
and in 1863 they removed to Grayson county, 
where the father purchased raw land, which he 
transformed into a richly productive farm, mak- 
ing his home thereon until his death, which oc- 
curred in 18S9, when he had reached the ripe 
old age of seventy-eight years. For some time 
prior to his death he was blind. The family, 
however, remained together and ultimately be- 
came possessed of large farming interests and 
gained a good start in the stock business, rais- 
ing cattle, horses and other stock. They were 
progressive, accomplishing much through deter- 
mination and earnest purpose, and their labors 
contributed in substantial measure to the mate- 
rial improvement and upbuilding of the county. 
The father was a minister of the Christian church 
and was among the first to preach that doctrine 
in Grayson county. He also extended his minis- 
terial labors to many other counties, assisted in 
the organization of various churches and in the 
establishment of this work, his labor bearing 
rich fruit to the present time. His memory is vet 
enshrined in the hearts of many who knew him 
and remains as a blessed benediction to those 
with whom he was associated. Politically he 
was a Democrat and used his influence for the 
party but never sought or desired office for him- 
self. He was a broad-minded, intelligent man, 
charitable and kindly, his life being permeated 
by the principles of the Christian religion, so that 
his worth was widely acknowledged. He left 
to his family the priceless heritage of an untar- 
nished name and an example that is indeed well'' 
worthy of emulation. His wife, also a member 
of the Christian church, died in 1870. Mr. and 
Mrs. Brooks became the parents of thirteen chil- 
dren : Elizabeth and Caroline, who died in child- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



43 



hood ; Eliza A., the wife of C. Bambarger ; Fran- 
cis M., who in early life was a merchant and af- 
terward became a land owner of Hill county, 
Texas ; Hamilton, a minister of the Christian 
church ; Richard and Price W., who were twins 
and remained partners in farming and stock- 
raising interests until the death of the former in 
1887 ; John M., a farmer ; Sarah R., the wife 
of J. Burnett ; Clarinda, who married D. Cun- 
ningham, a merchant of St. Jo, Texas ; Andrew 
J., a farmer ; Ambrose A., a railroad man, also 
having business interests at Gainesville ; and Col- 
umbus, a stockman. Both Francis M. and Ham- 
ilton Brooks served throughout the Civil War 
with the Confederate army. 

Price W. Brooks remained under the parental 
roof until near the close of the Civil War, when 
he entered military service as a member of the 
state militia and was thus engaged in Texas 
until the close of hostilities. He then returned 
home and cared for his father and the farm until 
1876, when he and his twin brother, Richard, 
embarked in the stock business in Den- 
ton county, Texas, where they purchased land 
and carried on general farming and stock-rais- 
ing. They bought, run and shipped cattle, being 
thus engaged until the death of Richard Brooks, 
which occurred in 1887. They had been quite 
successful and had become well established in 
business. Price W. Brooks then settled up the 
affairs of the firm. At that time the range was 
free and he removed his stock to Montague 
county, locating at Belleville, where he remained 
for more than two years. In 1890 he took up his 
abode in the vicinity of the village of Lucky, 
where he first purchased one hundred and sixty 
acres of land, on which he built a house. There 
he located and placed some of the land under 
cultivation. Later he extended the boundaries 
of his place by additional purchase until he now 
owns six hundred and forty acres of valuable 
land, of which one hundred and eighty acres is 
•devoted to the raising of the crops best adapted 
to the soil and climate. He also continues to 
handle stock and in his work is meeting with a 
creditable measure of prosperity, owing to his 
practical and progressive methods. 

In February, 1876, Mr. Brooks was united in 
marriage to Miss Arminta Gray, who was born 
in Texas and is a daughter of John Gray, a 
farmer of Grayson county, who served through- 
out the war in the Confederate army. Both he 
and his wife are members of the Baptist church 
and in their family were seven children: Mrs. 
Lou Kennedy ; Maggie, the wife of R. P. Brooks ; 
Arminta, who became the wife of Price W. 
Brooks ; Scott, Cham and Willie, all of whom fol- 



low farming ; and Babe, who became Mrs. Gray. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Price Brooks was born a daugh- 
ter, Maud L., who is now the wife of L. Russom. 
In February, 1898, Mr. Brooks was again mar- 
ried, his second union being with Miss Sarah M. 
Pogue, who was born in Grayson county, Texas, 
and is a daughter of Nelson Pogue, a farmer and 
blacksmith, who located in that county at an 
early epoch in its development. He too was a 
member of the Confederate army and served until 
the close of hostilities, after which he devoted 
his attention to agricultural pursuits up to the 
time of his death, which occurred in Grayson 
county. Both he and his wife were members of 
the Baptist church. In their family were four 
children : William, a school teacher and farmer ; 
Sarah M., now Mrs. Brooks ; Mrs. Alice Bridges ; 
and George W., a stock farmer. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Brooks have been born five children : El- 
mer D., Jessie, Price, Earl and Nellie, all at 
home. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Brooks hold membership 
in the Christian church and are interested in its 
work, doing all in their power for the extension 
of its influence and the development of its vari- 
ous activities. Mr. Brooks is also an exemplary 
member of the Masonic fraternity. He carefully 
conducts his business interests and without tak- 
ing advantage of the necessities of his fellow 
men in any trade transaction he has steadily 
worked his way upward until he is now ac- 
counted one of the substantial agriculturists of 
Montague county, having valuable farm property 
which is the visible evidence of his life of thrift 
and energy. 

WILLIAM A. STEWART, member of the 
real estate firm of Crank and Stewart at Cleburne, 
is one of the best known citizens of Johnson 
county, both on account of his personal and 
business relations and especially because of his 
long and efficient record in public office. 

Mr. Stewart, who was born in Carroll county. 
Tennessee, came to Texas in young manhood and 
in 1876 located in Johnson county. Up to 1882 
he was successfully engaged in farming six miles 
south of Cleburne, and in that year moved to 
Cleburne. In the same year he was elected con- 
stable of the precinct, and honored that position 
by his services for some time. For a number 
of years he was employed in the Santa Fe rail- 
road service, and in every capacity in which he 
has served himself or others he has been known 
for his energy, loyalty to duty, and strict integrity. 
In 1894 he was elected sheriff of Johnson county, 
and his fellow citizens, recognizing his eminent 
fitness and the value of his services in that posi- 



HISTORY OF XORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



tion, retained him in the office by re-election in 
[896 and also in 1898. During- his six years' 
incumbency of the shrievalty he was known as 
a thoroughly competent and brave officer, dis- 
charging Ins duties fearlessly, and enforcing the 
law without question or bias. Among the relics 
official career which he retains is the cele- 
brated hangman's rope with which he executed 
three criminals while he was sheriff, and which 
has been used in the hanging of fourteen other 
criminals in various parts of Texas, the rope 
being loaned by Mr. Stewart to the sheriffs for 
the purpose. Certain very definite proportions 
ami qualities distinguish a perfect hangman's 
rope from the ordinary article, and this particu- 
lar rope was made by hand by a German rope- 
maker in St. Louis, on an express order from 
Mr. Stewart : it is thirty feet long, of hemp and 
oiled, and is unusually strong and heavy. Mr. 
Stewart's career in public office covers fourteen 
years altogether, and is noteworthy both by its 
length and efficiency. 

( >n retiring' from the sheriff's office Mr. Stew- 
art resumed farming on Buffalo creek, three and 
a half miles south of Cleburne, but on January 
1. 1005, returned to town and established himself 
in tlie real estate business in partnership with R. 
If. (rank, ex-county clerk. They attend to a 
\er\ satisfactory business in real estate, rents and 
loans, and insurance. 

Mr. Stewart is a member of the Cumberland 
terian church and has fraternal affiliations 
with tin' Woodmen of the World. By his mar- 
riage to Mary E. Cannon he has four children: 
Mrs Eva Ellen Pollard, whose husband is super- 
intendent of tin- count) farm; Charles L., Annie 
Belle and Katharine. 

JUDGE WILLI \M II. PECKHAM, a mem- 
the Fort Worth bar, comes of an ancestry 
honorable and distinguished and his lines of life 
have been cast in harmony therewith. He was 
born in Albany, New York, during a visit of his 
mother to the Peckham family of that place, al- 
ii the parents were residents ^>\ New York 
Fudge Peckham is a cousin of \\ heel< r I I. 
and Rufus W. IVckham and a member of the 
noted Peckham famil) thai has furnished a num- 
distinguished lawyers to New York. Mis 
lather. George W. Peckham, himself prominent 
in the profession in \ew ^i ork ( 'ity, was a brother 
and law partner of Judge Rufus W. Peckham, 
who was the father of I Ion. \\ heeler I I. Peck- 
one of the ahlcsi legists in the United States 
and of the present Judge Rufus W. Peckham. a 
justice of the United States supreme court ap 
pointed b\ President Cleveland in 1895. The 



elder Rufus W. Peckham was judge of the court 
of appeals of the state of New York. The orig- 
inal American ancestors came from Peckham 
Rye, England, and joined the Rhode Island col- 
ony in 1649, after which they were associated 
for many years with the history of that state. 
George W. Peckham and his brother, Rufus W. 
Peckham, became residents of New York City 
in 1820, since which time the\ r and their families 
have been associated wdth the legal profession in 
the eastern metropolis and with the supreme 
court of the Empire state at Albany. 

Judge Peckham's mother was Mary (Watson) 
Peckham, also a representative of an old Rhode 
Island family that was established in New York 
City about 1820. She was likewise a cousin of 
Commodore Perry. 

Before the Civil war George W. Peckham be- 
came largely interested in timber and other lands 
in Wisconsin and for that reason gave, up his 
residence and practice in New York and removed 
with his family to Milwaukee, so that Judge 
Peckham of this review supplemented his early 
educational privileges in New York city by study 
in Milwaukee, where he also began preparation 
for the bar as a student in the office and under the 
direction of Matt Carpenter, a distinguished 
lawyer of that place. Prior to this time, how- 
ever, he had had some military experience, hav- 
ing enlisted at Milwaukee for service in the 
Union army as a member of Company A, Thirty- 
eighth Wisconsin Infantry, which was attached 
to the Army of the Potomac in the Ninth Army 
Corps. He was in all of the prominent battles 
in Virginia, including the Wilderness, Spottsyl- 
vania. Cold Harbor and Ream's Station and was 
also connected with the blowing up of the mines 
in front of Petersburg and other movements of 
the army. Near the close of the war he was 
promoted to the rank of first lieutenant and was 
transferred to the Forty-fourth Wisconsin In- 
fantry, after which he participated in the battle 
of Nashville, the last hotly contested engagement' 
in which he took part. In his early army life 
lie had many pleasant associations with such 
young men as Arthur MacArthur and Charles 
King, who have since become generals in the 
regular army. 

After devoting some time to the mastery of 
the principles of jurisprudence Judge Peckham 
was admitted to the bar at Milwaukee in 1870 
and continued his practice there until 1874, when 
he came to Texas. He spent a short time in 
Fort Worth and then went further west, locating 
at Throckmorton, where he practiced law and 
resided for about twenty years. In 1894 he 
came to Fort Worth, where he has since made 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



45 



his home and followed his profession, gaining 
here a distinctively representative clientage. 

Judge Peckham was married in Texas to Miss 
Palestine Timmons, and they have six children, 
the eldest son being George W. Peckham, who 
is engaged in the real estate and loan business 
with his father under the firm style of George 
W. Peckham & Company, but Judge Peckham's 
chief business has been the law, in which he has 
gained creditable distinction and success. 

JOHN G. CRUMP, M. D. The medical 
profession has an able representative at Saint Jo, 
Texas, in the subject of this sketch, Dr. John 
G. Crump, who has been identified with Mon- 
tague county since its early settlement. 

Dr. Crump was born in Bedford county, Vir- 
ginia, December 19, 1839 ; was reared on a farm, 
receiving his elementary education in the subscrip- 
tion schools near his home, later attending Cedar 
Bluff and Lakeland academies, after which he 
taught school three terms in Arkansas. While 
teaching he took' up the study of medicine, hav- 
ing for his preceptor Dr. J. C. Bradford, with 
whom he was associated for five years, as stu- 
dent and assistant. In 1870 he came to Texas 
and located at Head of Elm, near which the 
town of Saint Jo was platted three years later, 
where he began the practice of his profession 
and has continued successfully. In 1880, feeling 
a need of further preparation for his life work, 
he took a course of lectures in the Texas Medical 
College at Galveston, and in 1881, '82 and '83 
he attended lectures in the University of Louisi- 
ana at New Orleans, where he graduated with 
honor. Also at different times he has taken 
post-graduate courses at the Chicago Polytech- 
nic School of Physicians, and thus has kept him- 
self in the advance line of his profession. At 
the time of his location in Montague county 
Dr. Crump and Dr. J. A. Gordon were the only 
physicians in a radius of many miles and his 
practice soon extended over a wide stretch of 
country, reaching into Clay county and over into 
the Indian Territory. It was not unusual for him 
to ride seventy-five miles to attend a patient. His 
long practice here has gained him a very wide 
acquaintance. Indeed, few men, if any, in Mon- 
tague county are better known than he, and 
none are more highly respected. For thirteen 
years he .has been surgeon for the M. K. & T. 
Railroad Co., and is medical examiner for a 
number of insurance companies. 

Dr. Crump, like most Southern men of his age, 
has a record as a Confederate soldier. He had 
moved with his parents to Arkansas in 1858, 
and was in that state at the opening of the war 



of the rebellion. Enlisting in Company D, First 
Arkansas Cavalry, which was assigned to the 
Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederate 
army, and later to the Army of the Tennessee, 
young Crump took part in many of the hardest 
fights of the war. He was captured at Black 
River, Mississippi, and was taken to Fort Dela- 
ware and later to Fort Lookout, where he re- 
mained seven months, after which he was ex- 
changed in December, 1863, at City Point and 
joined his command at Camden. Arkansas, with 
which he continued until the close of the war, 
June, 1865. During that time he received several 
slight wounds and once had some ribs broken, 
but was never laid off. It was after the close 
of the war that he taught school and took up 
the study of medicine. 

In 1878 Dr. Crump married Miss Carrie L. 
Perkins, a native of Virginia, and a daughter 
of Hezekiah Perkins, who had moved from Vir- 
ginia to Texas some years previous to that time 
and was engaged in farming here. This happy 
union was severed by the death of Mrs. Crump, 
June 19, 1879. She left no children. August 
6, 1880, Dr. Crump married Miss Florence E. Ir- 
win, a native of Peoria county, Illinois, born in 
1861, daughter of Samuel and Sarah A. (Mil- 
ler (Irwin, the former a native of Ireland and 
the latter of North Carolina. The Irwin family 
moved to Texas in 1872, but Mr. Irwin returned 
to Illinois in 1876 and died there in 1881. Subse- 
quently Mrs. Irwin came back to Texas and 
made her home with her daughter, Mrs. Crump, 
and died here December 23, 1899. They were 
worthy members of the Methodist church. Dr. 
and Mrs. Crump have six children, namely: 
John T. and Earl F., engaged in farming; Liz- 
zie, Henry L, Carrie F. and Joe B., at home. 

The Crump family worship at .the Presbyte- 
rian church, of which both the doctor and his 
wife are members. He is also a member of nu- 
merous fraternal organizations. In the I. O. O. F. 
he has filled all the chairs, and for six years has 
been identified with the Knights of Pythias. He 
has membership in the State Medical Associa- 
tion and the North Texas and Montague County 
societies. 

Dr. Crump is a son of Beverly and Frances 
M. (Gray) Crump, and grandson of George and 
Mary Crump, all natives of Virginia, both the 
Crump and the Gray families ranking with the 
"first families" of the "Old Dominion." Beverly 
Crump was the youngest of seven children, the 
names of the others in order of birth being Mrs. 
Sarah Bramlitt; Susan W., unmarried, died at 
the age of eighty years; John G., who was a 
prominent lawyer; Abner, who died in Arkansas 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



.a the age of ninety-seven years; William \\'.. a 
Missouri farmer and stockman; and Rhoda, un- 
married, died at the age of ninety-five years. 
In the Gray family were three children: Salina 
S.. who died unmarried, Frances M.. and Mrs. 
Elizabeth Wiggington. Beverly Crump moved 
with his family to Arkansas in 1858 and died 
on his farm there four years later, in 1862. His 
wife survived him until 1872. They were the 
parents of ten children, namely: Henry M., who 
died while serving in the Confederate army: 
Phoebe, who died at the age of two years; John 
G., the immediate subject of this review; Napo- 
leon 1').. who was accidentally killed; George A., 
an Arkansas farmer; Airs. Mary S. Cantrell ; 
Mrs. Josephine S. Jenkins; Rebecca; Mrs. 
Susan \V. Bacon; and Rhoda V., wife of D*-. L. 
Kirhv. of Arkansas. 

J. W. BUTLER. \ worthy example of what 
can be achieved in North Texas by perseverance 
and tireless industry is seen in the person of the 
subjeel of this brief sketch whose life record 
until recent years was one of few successes and 
man\ reverses. An adopted son of the Lone Star 
stale, he has demonstrated to native and stranger 
alike that his mission here was to do something 
for his community while he was doing something 
for himself. That he is in the midst of the real- 
ization of his ambition his evidence and that of 
his friends amph testif) . 

Mr. I 'ail Km- is the proprietor of the cotton gin 
at Charlie. Texas, and as such and as a harvester 
and thresher of grain and manufacturer of na- 
tive lumber, is the most widely known man of 
the great bend between the Wichita and Red 
rivers. He came to Texas enfeebled in health 
and in pur e and both have experienced the phys- 
ical and financial rejuvenation which follows a 
residence in this section and a serious dip into 
its industrial affairs. 

I 'ike county, Illinois, was the birthplace of 
Mr. Butler and his natal da\ was January [3, 
[858. He grew upon his father's. Levi Butler's, 
farm and obtained his education in the country 
school, The family went to that county about 
1838 from Wisconsin, hut the father was born in 
the state of New York. The latter married Lou- 
isa Wilson, reared a large famil) and died in 
Morgan county, Illinois, in [892, at the age of 
ixt; two vears. I lis wife was a daughter of 
foseph Wilson, born in Lancashire. England. 
Mis. Butler died in [893 at fifty-eight vears of 

1 I"; children of this worth) couple were: 
Parvin, of ( omanche county, < )klahoma ; foseph, 
of Mill,.-. Missouri ; |. \\ ., of this notice; Ellen, 
wife of L. 1). Elidge, of \ alley City, Illinois; 



Emma, of Chicago, Illinois ; Louise, who mar- 
ried Richard Windsor, of Valley City, Illinois ; 
Anna, now Mrs. Frank Ellis, of Valley City ; 
and Maggie, wife of J. D. McCarthy, of Maples, 
Illinois. 

On the approach of man's estate J. W. But- 
ler began the serious side of life. His early em- 
ployment was with the Wabash Railway Com- 
pany, at day labor, and later being with the De- 
troit Bridge and Iron Works. Deciding to be- 
come a farmer he went in debt for his first horse. 
For eight years he was a renter of land and with 
his small accumulations he engaged in the im- 
plement business. His experience as a merchant 
was a sad one, for it lost him "his all." He came 
to Texas in 1890 in the employ of a windmill 
concern and while at Sherman was forced, by 
exorbitant expense bills, to leave the road and 
seek other fields. With eighteen dollars as his 
capital he left for Clay county , not knowing, 
of course, whether he "would sink or swim." 
He went to work at tank and windmill building 
for farmers and ranchers and in '1893, three years 
after his advent to the state, put in a wheat crop 
on the shares. This experiment proved a de- 
cided success and he repeated it but that crop 
of wheat has never "come up." He continued 
to farm by proxy following his trade in the 
meantime, till T897. when he was aided to a 
threshing outfit by his neighbor, Robert Sawdon, 
and a successful business at this work was the 
result. The work of the farm, the threshing of 
grain, the making of lumber and the business of 
the gin have occupied his time the past few 
years. He has worn out several reapers and one 
threshing outfit, and is one of a few men whose 
experience with machinery has not encompassed 
his financial ruin. For one who has — likewise 
his wife — suffered from an enfeebled constitu- 
tion, until the climate of Texas brought relief 
and strength, he has wrought successfully and 
well in Texas. In 1S96 his wife's confinement in 
a sanitarium cost him a thousand dollars and in 
i<;oi eight hundred dollars more was the price 
of her treatment in a like institution in San An- 
tonio. 

In 1903, Mr. Butler bought up the old gin at 
( Charlie and replaced it with an entirely new one 
of latest improvement and pattern. It was 
erected at a cost of three thousand dollars and 
lias a capacity of twenty-five hales a day. The 
season of 1003 he ginned one hundred ami seven- 
ty-seven hales, and in 11)04 nine hundred and for- 
t\ five hales and his place of business is the real- 
lv important one in the little village. He owns 
a small farm of one hundred fifty-six acres and 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



47 



rents much other land for the planting of a large 
acreage to crops. 

Mr. Butler married November I, 1882, Emma 
L., a daughter of David Pyle, formerly from 
Cincinnati, Ohio, but early settlers in Illinois. 
One child, Virgil, born July 3, 1886, is the issue 
of their marriage. 

AUGUST H. REVERING is the owner of 
three thousand acres of land, constituting one of 
the best ranches of his section of Texas, and he 
not only deserves mention as a most enterprising 
and representative business man, but also be- 
cause of the part be has taken in improving the 
grade of cattle raised in the state. Prices are ad- 
vanced through these means and the entire state 
profits thereby. 

Mr. Revering, whose home is at Charlie, Tex- 
as, was born in Lee county, Iowa, in 1855, his 
parents being Charles L. and Minnie (Ham- 
mond) Revering, both of whom were natives of 
Germany. Crossing the Atlantic to America, 
they established their home in Lee county, Iowa, 
among its early settlers, and there the mother of 
our subject is still living, but the father died 
there in 1885, aged sixty years. 

In the place of his nativity August H. Rever- 
ing was reared until be had attained the age of 
eighteen years, when be went to St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. In the fall of 1873 he came to Texas, lo- 
cating first at Austin and afterward at San An- 
tonio, where he became connected with the cattle 
industry, with which he has since been "identified. 
He began work as a cowboy and drove cattle all 
over the plains of this grea.t state. In the winter 
of 1877 he came to Clay county and became asso- 
ciated with W. R. Worsham at Henrietta, the 
county seat. Mr. Worsham is a prominent bank- 
er and leading cattleman of this portion of the 
state. In 1878 Mr. Revering went to Wilbarger 
county and broke the first furrow of land within 
its borders. In fact, he has been connected with 
pioneer experiences through northwestern Texas 
and he assisted in building the rock house at 
Groesbeck creek, where the town of Quanah 
now stands. His attention, however, has largely 
been given to the raising of cattle, and in this he 
has been very successful. After his marriage he 
settled in Clay county and has since made his 
home at Charlie, where he has extensive cattle 
and farming interests. He has continuously de- 
veloped his business along modern lines and is 
at present successfully conducting a ranch cover- 
ing three thousand acres. It is located in the 
northern part of Clay countv, near the Red river, 
and upon it he has many hundred head of cattle. 
He gives special attention to improving the grade 



of his cattle, and now has fine stock, which finds 
a ready sale upon the market. 

In the fall of 1882 was celebrated the marriage 
of August H. Revering and Miss Nellie A. Hook- 
er, a native of Delaware county, Iowa, and a 
daughter of R. F. Hooker, one of the prominent 
early settlers of Clay county, who has been an 
active factor in its development and substantial 
upbuilding. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Revering have 
been born seven children, who are yet living : 
Minnie, William, Frank, John, Merrill, Sadie 
and Ed. Keen and clear-headed, always busy, al- 
ways careful and conservative in financial mat- 
ters, moving slowly but surely in every transac- 
tion, he had few superiors in the steady progress 
which invariably reaches the objective point. He 
has met reverses and obstacles, but the story of 
his achievement in spite of this should inspire all 
young men who read this record with a truer es- 
timate of the value and sure rewards of charac- 
ter and labor. 

WILLIAM R. HARRISON, president of the 
State National Rank and city treasurer of Fort 
Worth, Texas, is a man of fine business ability, 
with a capacity for financial enterprises which 
was manifested at the beginning of his career, 
and for about twenty-five years has been prom- 
inently identified with public and business mat- 
ters in North Texas. 

He is a native son of Lone Star state, and his 
birth occurred in Red River county, in 1857. His 
parents were William M. and Elizabeth (Epper- 
son) Harrison, both of whom are now deceased. 
His mother was a native of Tennessee. His 
father was born in Kentucky, but moved to Mis- 
souri, and came to Texas with his family 
about 1875, settling in Red River coun- 
ty. In the ante-bellum days be rose to prominence 
as a planter and farmer, owning a large estate, 
which, however, he sacrificed during the rebel- 
lion. He was a valiant Confederate soldier and 
served as a quartermaster officer in the brigade 
of General Samuel Rell Moxey. After the war 
he practically began his career over again, and 
with the money he had realized from his plan- 
tation he went into the wholesale grocery 
business at Jefferson, Texas. Here again he 
was successful. He later organized the 
second national bank within the state of 
Texas, known as the National Rank of Jefferson, 
at Jefferson, and of which he continued as presi- 
dent until 1884. He organized and promoted 
the building of the East Line and Red River 
Railroad, running from Jefferson to McKinney, 
Texas, and was president of the road until it was 
sold to the Goulds. In 1884 he came to Fort 



& 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Worth and in June of the same year established 
the Slab' National Bank. This institution en- 
tered at once upon a prosperous career, and after 
twenty years is noted as a landmark in finance 
of Fori Worth and as an institution which has 
upheld it> own credit and been a mainstay for 
many other enterprises during- times both good 
and bad. The death of William M. Harrison 
occurred at Fort Worth in September, 1894. 
He was a man of untiring energy, broad-minded 
and enterprising, of fine business ability, and for 
his sterling qualities and personal character was 
one of the most highly esteemed citizens of Fort 
Worth. It was said of him that. he made two 
fortunes — one before the war, which he lost, and 
another in the mercantile and banking business. 
Mr. William 11. Harrison was reared and re- 
ceived his first educational equipment in the pub- 
lic schools of Jefferson, Texas, finishing with a 
course at Eastman's Business College at Pough- 
keepsie, New York. He began his career early, 
and for some years had a varied experience both 
in connection with his father's extensive inter- 
ests and a.s an individual merchant in the hard- 
wan- business at Greenville, Texas. For a time 
he was connected with the railroad which his 
father built. In 1886, two years after the estab- 
lishment, by his father, of the State National 
Bank, he came to Fort Worth and began his as- 
sociation with the institution of which he is now 
president. After the father's death the bank re- 
mained in the control of the sons, and has always 
been a Harrison hank. The present officers are 
William B. Harrison, president, John C. Harri- 
son, cashier, Janus Harrison, assistant cashier; 
the two latter are brothers of the president. Mr. 
Harris, ,n is also president of the Cleburne Hard- 
ware Company, of Cleburne, Texas, which has a 
capital stock of twent) thousand dollars and is 
one of the largest concerns of its kind in the 
state. 

Mr. Harrison was firs) elected to the office of 
cit) treasurer in [898, and is now serving his 
third term. I [e is also treasurer of the board of 

trade. In fraternal matters he is a Knight Tem- 
plar Mas. .11 and a member of the Benevolent and 
Protective < >r.der of Elks, the Knights of Pythias 
and tin- Ancient 1 Irder of I Fnited Workmen. 

Mr. Harrison has a wife and two daughters, 
the Misses Marj and Lelia Harrison. The maid- 
en name of his wife and was Miss Mattie Blassin 
game, who was an adopted daughter of the late 
il and Mrs. T. \. Waul. General Waul 
died in July, [902, having been a distinguished 
Confederate soldier and a well know,, rexan, 
with citizenship in this state .kiting from tin ai 



ly fifties. He spent his last days on his farm near 
Greenville. Mrs. Waul died in April, 1904. 

MARCUS M. PITTMAN. As president of 
the Citizens' National Bank of Cleburne, Mr. 
Marcus M. Pittman is identified in an intimate 
and exceedingly influential manner with the 
financial and general prosperity of that city and 
the surrounding country. He has been a citi- 
zen of' Cleburne since 1893, and has been con- 
nected with manufacturing and financial affairs 
at this point ever since. The Citizens' National 
Bank, although one of the recent institutions of 
the kind to be founded in this portion of the 
state, has a most creditable record in all its de- 
partments. It was established, by Mr. Pittman 
and his associates, in August, 1903, and opened 
its doors for business on August 10. The report 
of its affairs, rendered February 14, 1905, showed 
a capital stock of $too,ooo, with individual re- 
sponsibility of stockholders placed at eight hun- 
dred thousand dollars ; surplus and profits, $29,- 
697, and deposits, $188,133. The bank is having 
splendid success and is thoroughly representative, 
as it is likewise one of the strongest factors in 
maintaining this rich and growing city and coun- 
ty, with their varied resources and industries. The 
directors of the Citizens' National are : John L. 
Cleveland, Dr. D. Strickland, Riggs Pennington, 
J. M. Moore, ]ohn R. Johnson, Leon Cleveland, 
M. M. Pittman, T. J. Wagley, J. C. Blakeney. 

Mr. Pittman, who was born in Jackson county, 
Georgia, is a son of Judge M. M. and Mary 
(Boggs) Pittman, and is connected with the best 
of the old southern families. His father was a 
lawyer at Jefferson, Georgia, and for some time 
served as judge of the county court. Mr. Pitt- 
man received his educational advantages at Mar- 
tin Institute, at Jefferson, and at the University 
of Georgia at Athens. At the beginning of his 
independent career he taught school, for a while 
in Georgia, and, on coming to Texas in 1881, 
was five years superintendent in charge of the 
public schools of Longview. It was Mr. Pitt- 
man who brought Professor Cousins, the noted 
educator, to Texas, having brought that talented 
instructor to this field as his assistant in the 
school work at Longview. From Longview Mr. 
Pittman went to West Texas, and for seven years 
was engaged in the mercantile business at Mid- 
land, since which time Cleburne has been his 
home. < >n first coming here he built an oil mill, 
later installed a gin, and then the Pittman flour 
mill, all representative industries of the city. The 
oil mill he has since sold, hut still owns the flour- 
ing mill. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



49 



By his marriage to Miss Lulu Stark of Jack- 
son county, Georgia, Mr. Pittman has two chil- 
dren, Ruth and Katharine. 

THOMAS MITCHELL ANDERSON. Un- 
der the mountain's foot, in the valley of 
Bean's creek, stands the farm cottage that marks 
the homestead of Thomas M. Anderson of this 
review. It is conspicuously prominent and com- 
manding from the station and village of Sebree, 
in Jack county, and shelters 'neath its hospitable 
roof the sources of power in the creation of a 
home whose influence has permeated the com- 
munity around about and in the improvement of 
a farm which marks the height of progress 
and advancement along the waters of the silent 
creek. Two hundred and fourteen acres of the 
Hancock Survey came into possession of Mr. 
Anderson when he came into the county in 1882, 
and it became the play-ground of his activities 
and to its borders cling new acquisitions of ter- 
ritory which mark his substantial progress as a 
stock farmer and testify to his achievements dur- 
ing the score of years that approximately limit 
his residence within the county. Upwards of 
six hundred acres are embraced within the area 
of his rural dominions and the stock and grain 
raised under supervision and direction of its 
owner have been sources of wealth and power 
in the accumulation of this knightly estate. 

Tarrant county, Texas, was the home of Mr. 
Anderson from 1852 until his advent to Jack 
county. Abraham Anderson, his father, estab- 
lished the family there, maintained it as a farmer, 
came to Jack county with our subject and died 
here in 1890, possessed of an estate which consti- 
tutes the home of his maiden daughter. Casey 
county, Kentucky, was the first American home 
of this family, for it was there that John Ander- 
son, a Scotchman and the grandfather of our 
subject, settled and reared the following family: 
John, Abraham, James, William, Nancy, who 
died unmarried, and Polly, who married Ben 
Snigget. Abraham Anderson married Cather- 
ine, a daughter of Dandridge Tucker, a farmer, 
in 1837, and brought up his children in the paths 
of rectitude in his native and in his adopted state. 
He was born in 1812 and his wife was born 
in 1819 and died near Vineyard in 1903. The 
children of their household were: Dandridge, 
who was killed while in the Confederate service 
in the battle of Chickamauga ; William, who died 
also in the southern army; Thomas M., of this 
mention ; Nancy, of Jack county, wife of Frank 
Gilmore ; Paulina, who occupies the parental 
homestead; Bettie, of Terrell, Texas; and Don- 
nie, wife of J. H. Leach, of Fort Worth. 



Casey county, Kentucky, was the birthplace of 
Thomas M. Anderson, and January 7, 1844, 
marks the natal day. The frontier county schools 
of Tarrant county sufficed for his mental train- 
ing in youth and the farm of his father was the 
scene of his youthful and early activities. The sec- 
ond year of the war he enlisted in Company F, 
Nineteenth Texas Cavalry, Burford's regiment, 
Parson's Brigade of the Trans-Mississippi De- 
partment. He fought in battle at Helena, Cape 
Girardo and Jackson, and was with General 
Price's army during a portion of his service. To- 
ward the close of the war his command returned 
to Texas and he was disbanded near Hempstead 
when the end finally came. 

The harvest field caught Mr. Anderson first 
when he resumed civil life, and when this was 
over he bought an ox team on a credit and be- 
came a freighter from Jefferson, Pine Mills and 
Houston to inland points toward the frontier in 
Texas. Having gotten a foothold he began hand- 
ling cattle and looking in the direction of agricul- 
ture three miles north of Fort Worth. His suc- 
cess there placed him in a position of independ- 
ence, so to speak, when he should begin his career 
in his new home in Jack county. 

May 8, 1871, Thomas M. Anderson and Mary 
Paschall were united in marriage in Tarrant 
county. Mrs. Anderson was a daughter of Stan 
Paschall, who came to Texas from Tennessee 
and settled in Van Zandt county, where Mrs. An- 
derson was born in 1853. Mr. Paschall married 
Miss Martha Dube, and their children were: 
Jack, of Wise county; Mrs. Anderson; Dennis, 
of Wise county, and Bettie, who married Joseph 
Clark and died without issue. Mr. and Mrs. An- 
derson's children are: Dolly, wife of Lee Cald- 
well, with issue, Ethel, Thomas, Claud and Mary 
Lillie ; Abraham, who is on the old home, mar- 
ried Bulah McDonald, and has children, Eula, 
John and Abraham ; Fannie, who married Thom- 
as Cannon and has a son, Clarence; Lillie, wife 
of James Cannon, of Tarrant county, with chil- 
dren, Willie, Ralph and Georgie Anna, and Wil- 
liam F., who is on the home farm and married to 
Georgie Stanley and is the father of Thomas Wil- 
burn. 

In local political matters Mr. Anderson has 
never failed to show his sympathy with the 
movement for honest and competent public offi- 
cials and has frequented primaries and represen- 
tative conventions for placing in nomination 
Democratic candidates and has helped to contest 
the political ground about his own precinct with 
the opposition party for success at the polls. He 
is a gentleman of independence of action, liberty 
of thought and freedom of speech, and with a 



5° 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



nature in harmony with the bright side of life. 
He sympathizes with and helps the weak, lends 
encouragement to and proffers wholesome advice 
to the short-sighted and wayward and promotes 
the interests of peace and goodwill every day of 
his life. He is not a stickler for strict orthodoxy 
in spiritual matters, believing rather in the ac- 
complishment of good results in this life with in- 
difference as to our fate in the future world. His 
tunity and his county hold him in high re- 
gard and "Uncle Tom" Anderson is the central 
figure of the "Vineyard settlement. 

GEORGE W. YEAKLEY, M. D. For more 
than forty-five years the family of which the sub- 
ject of this review is a distinguished representa- 
tive has owned Texas as its home, and it was 
founded here by George O. Yeakley. whose ad- 
vent hither dates from the Saturday before Lin- 
coln's election to the presidency in November, 
i860. Although the state of Tennessee was the 
mother of the family of this rare name, from 
where ramifications of it spread north, south, 
east and west, Dent county, Missouri, furnished 
the I .one Star state its quota and it was in the 
latter county that George W. Yeakley was born 
August 18, 1854. 

George O. Yeakley was born in Greene coun- 
ty, Tennessee, February 9, i8o(,i, and descended 
from a German emigrant who, with all his fam- 
ily save two little sons, died en route to the 
United States and were buried at sea, the sons 
being disembarked on the Atlantic coast as waifs 
to make their way in the world as best they 
could. In a short time one of them died and 
the remaining one, whose christian name is not 
.< <1 to us, was left to be honored with pos- 
terit) of the generations of the future 
in the in u world. From Castle Garden 
the original Yeakley drifted into Tennessee, 
where he became a blacksmith's apprentice, fin- 
ished his trade, followed it throughout life and 
died leaving eleven sons, one of whom was 
George < >.. father of the subject of this notice. 

In [836 ( ieorge O. Yeakley migrated to Wash- 
ington inty, Missouri, where he was for a 

number of years engaged in lead mining, but 
when lie located in Dent count) he turned his at- 
1 l" farming and there and in Texas ever 
afterward followed thai vocation. In Texas he 
resided from [860 to 1X71 in Denton county, 

when lie went into < ooke 1 mini - . ami in 1 SS | io 

Wise county, temporarily, and died there Vpril 

thai year. ( >n the issue of the Civil war he 

glas Democrat, while his brothers and 

his mother in i ■ ee were adherents of the 

I in. .11. and this political clash was 



the cause of somewhat estranged family rela- 
tions. For his wife he chose Lydia, a daughter 
of Mr. Grubbs. His wife died in Cooke county, 
Texas, November 24, 1882, at the age of sixty- 
seven years. 

Of the issue of George O. and Lydia Yeakley 
Martin Van Buren was the oldest and he died in 
Chico, Texas, June 14, 1898; Mary died without 
being married, Margaret, of Young county, 
Texas, is the wife of J. C. Stewart; James M. of 
Chico, Texas, and Dr. George W. 

The farm was the scene of the childhood and 
youthful life of Dr. Yeakley, and he acquired a 
"liberal education in the common schools. As a 
beginning in life he taught country school two 
rears in Denton county and at the age of twenty- 
two vears took up the subject of medicine with 
Dr. f. S. Riley, of Bloomfield. He attended lec- 
tures at the Medical Department of the Universi- 
ty of Louisville, first, and the term of 1879-80 
studied in the Kentucky School of Medicine. 
February 28, 1884, he graduated in the Medical 
Department of the University of Louisville and 
opened an office for practice at Chico, in Wise 
county, Texas. He practiced his profession in 
that community for eighteen years and then lo- 
cated in Bowie. The year 1904 he was a partner 
with Dr. Elder, of Bowie, but Januarv 1, 1905, 
he and Dr. Sneed Strong associated themselves 
together and the firm of Strong & Yeakley is one 
widelv and favorably known in Montague county. 

While in Chico Dr. Yeakley was local surgeon 
for the Rock Island Railway, and in Bowie he 
officiates in the same capacity. He is examiner 
for the Equitable, Mutual and New York Life 
Insurance Companies, as well as several other 
strong companies, and in 1898 he took lectures in 
the Chicago Polyclinic and again in 1902 and 
1905. He is loyal to Democracy and has helped 
to carry the partv's wishes into effect in local 
conventions. 

Dr. Yeakley was first married in Cooke coun- 
ty, Texas, August 29, 1880, to Maggie, a daugh- 
ter of Zelitha and John B. Edwards, formerly 
from Tennessee. The issue of this union was a 
daughter. Myrtle, wife of Charles E. Peck, of 
Elk City, Oklahoma. January 18, i8qq, Dr. 
Yeakley married Miss Sallie Moore, a daughter 
of James B. Moore, a South Carolina settler to 
Jacksboro in 1880. Verena Davis Yeakley, a 
daughter, was born February 17, 1902. 

HENRY W. NYE, operating in real estate 
in Fort Worth, his business ability being mani- 
lesl in his capable control of property interests 
both for himself and others, had his birth in the 
far-off Pine Tree state, his natal place being 




FRANK B. STANLEY 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



5i 



Fairfield, Somerset county. His parents were 
Heman and Julia R. (Wing) Nye, who were 
likewise natives of Maine and their home locality 
had long been the ancestral place of residence 
of the family. The progenitors of the Nye fam- 
ily in America, however, settled first in Massa- 
chusetts, whence later generations removed to 
Maine. The well known humorist, Bill Nye, and 
also Senator Nye of Nevada, are descendants of 
the same original stock, Heman Nye being a 
cousin of the humorist. Heman Nye was a farm- 
er and lumberman, to which pursuit he was 
reared and to the conduct of which he devoted his 
energies throughout his business career. Both 
he and his wife died in Maine. 

Henry W. Nye began his education in the local 
schools of Fairfield, Maine, and supplemented his 
early advantages by an academic course in Wa- 
terville, that state. In early manhood he enlisted 
as a private in Company C, Maine Infantry, 
which command achieved fame in the Civil war. 
He was enrolled in 1862. His companv was first 
stationed at the forts east of Washington, but 
after about three months joined McClelland's 
armv at Harper's Ferry and subsequently went 
to Virginia and down the Loudon valley to Fred- 
ericksburg. He was in the battle there in which 
eighty thousand Union troops were engaged on 
the 12th of December, 1862. The brigade to 
which Mr. Nye belonged threw the pontoon 
bridge across the river at that point. Later he 
participated in the battle of Spottsylvania, which 
occurred early in the year of 1863. Afterward his 
brigade formed the rear guard on the march to 
Gettysburg and in that battle formed the center 
which received Pickett's charge. 

On the second day's battle Mr. Nye had a 
finger shot off and also sustained another wound 
which necessitated his remaining in the hospital 
for six months. On rejoining his regiment he 
was commissioned lieutenant. He again joined 
his command at Brandy Station on the Rapidan 
in January, 1864, and with the regiment went 
into the battle of the Wilderness, the principal 
fighting being done on the 6th of May, 
when they lost half of their brigade. Companv 
C entered that battle with three officers and 
forty-four men and when the charge was made 
on Spottsylvania Court House, which was a part 
of the movement of that engagement, they started 
in with only eleven men all told and when the 
charge was ended every man in the company had 
been disabled with the exception of Mr. Nye and 
one other, these being the only two of the entire 
company who were able to get over the breast- 
works. During a part of this time Lieutenant 
Nye temporarily commanded Company H, but 



did not become detached from his original com- 
pany. Not long after this he was shot by a sharp- 
shooter, which completely disabled him from fur- 
ther service in the army. He was often in the 
thickest of the fight in many hotly contested en- 
gagements and he made a splendid record for 
bravery and loyalty upon the fields of battle. 

Returning to his home Mr. Nye spent three 
years in recuperating and then went to Albany, 
New York, where for three years he was en- 
gaged in the insurance business with his brother, 
A. H. Nye, living there during the time when the 
Tweed Ring was at the height of its power. Re- 
moving to Rutland, Vermont, Mr. Nye resided 
there for ten years engaged in the insurance busi- 
ness and on the expiration of that period he came 
to Texas, arriving at Fort Worth in January, 
1877. Here he has since made his home and he 
has watched the place grow from a small town to 
its present metropolitan proportions. He was 
first engaged in conducting a farm near the town, 
but gradually became interested in city property 
here, erecting buildings and conducting various 
business transactions. Through his efforts un- 
sightly lots have been converted into improved 
city property, good buildings have been erected 
and his labors have contributed in substantial 
measure to the growth and progress of the city 
as well as his individual success. For five years 
he was inspector and appraiser of a loan com- 
pany, but for a number of years past has given 
his undivided attention to "his real estate deal- 
ings. 

Mr. Nye was married to Miss Mary Whit- 
man, a native of Lewiston, Maine, and they have 
two sons, Fred F. and William H. Mr. Nye has 
never been a candidate for office, although he 
has been in times past an influential figure in 
politics, but lie has not desired distinction in 
that line. He is well known in Grand Army 
circles both local and national, is commander of 
the local post in Fort Worth and for five years 
was a member of the national council of adminis- 
tration and served on the staff of Commanders 
Alger and Warner. His religious membership is 
with the Methodist Episcopal church. In Fort 
Worth he has made a creditable name in business 
circles through the recognition and utilization of 
opportunity and through his close conformity to 
a high standard of business ethics. 

JUDGE FRANK B. STANLEY. The pro- 
fession of law offers no opportunities save to de- 
termined spirits, and within its circles Judge 
Frank B. Stanley has won success. He was born 
at Xenia, Ohio, in 1852, but when a young boy 
removed to Iroquois county, Illinois. When 



52 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



twelve years of age he left home, and for several 
years thereafter led the interesting life of a fron- 
tiersman, cowboy, miner, scout, prospector, con- 
tractor, etc., in the southwest, principally in the 
Indian Territory, where also he was a govern- 
menl surveyor and assisted to sectionize the In- 
dian Territory for the Interior Department, thus 
becoming thoroughly familiar with the plains 
country from the Rio Grande region in Texas 
north to the Dakotas. Following these experi- 
ences he located at Eastland, Texas, for the 
study of law, and was there admitted to the bar 
in 1876. Five years were spent in that city, 
and on the expiration of the period, in 1882, he 
came to Fort Worth and here he has ever since 
remained in the active practice of the law, being 
a prominent commercial and corporation attor- 
ney. 1 fc was a member of the law firms of 
Wray & Stanley, Stanley & Spoonts and Stan- 
ley, Spoonts & Thompson, but in the summer 
[ Judgi Stanley withdrew from partner- 
ship relations and now practices individually, 
his work being principally of a consulting na- 
ture. For ten years he was a member of the 
firm of general attorneys and solicitors for the 
Fori Worth & Denver City Railroad, and is 
still one of the consulting attorneys for the com- 
pany . For a number of years Judge Stanley 
has been a prominent figure in the Republican 
party of Texas, in which his efforts have been 
successful in maintaining harmony and in keep- 
ing down factional troubles. He has been a 
member of the State Executive Committee, al- 
si 1 serving in other important positions in the 
parly organization, and is a pleasing public 
speaker in conventions. In one state conven- 
tion where the party was unfortunate enough 
to be divided into two factions Judge Stanley 
was so acceptable to each faction that one of 
them nominated him for attorney general and 
the other for judge of the supreme court. In 
i'id| he received the Republican nomination for 
-•in. in from the Twelfth Congressional 
I Hstricl 1 if Texas. 

EDWARD GROGAN. The subject of this 
sketch was burn near Charleston, Kanawha 
county, WVsi Virginia. Februan 12, [863. His 
parents, Royal W. and Frances A. (Summerfield) 
< irogan, removed from the ch ilized old state to 
hen uncivilized Northwest « Texas, arriving 
in Denison March 3, 1S74, while that place was 
vet only a "burg" and the gateway to Texas and 
the southwest. 

Remaining in Denison about one week the 
family nut and formed the acquaintance of 1 1. K. 
and Silas Neeclham, then forming a small colon) 



of settlers for Clay county (then far west and 
unsettled ). The colony left Denison by ox teams, 
principally, and arrived at the Whaley ranch be- 
low the mouth of the Big Wichita river some 
ten or twelve days later and there went into camp 
for a few days until they could locate and make 
preparation to occupy their new homes. The 
spot chosen by the Grogans was on the north 
side of the Big Wichita, near the present town 
of Charlie, where their tent was pitched and 
surrounded by a stockade of split cottonwood 
logs as a protection against the bands of Indians 
vet roaming through the country. 

The Grogans were among the first settlers of 
Clay county, if not the very first family to set- 
tle in the county after the war, and they under- 
went many hardships while endeavoring to exist 
here in those days. Denison was the nearest 
railroad point and there being- no bridges over 
the streams west of Gainesville, the journey 
to the Gateway was a long, and often times, a 
hazardous one. On one occasion the family was 
forced to go without bread for three days, liv- 
ing on wild game, meanwhile, and being fairly 
comfortable while awaiting the home-coming of 
the family commissary. 

The well known Curtis Bros, then had a cat- 
tle ranch on the Big Wichita, and from this 
ranch the Grogan family was supplied with 
beef, the latter's supply of provisions being di- 
vided with neighbors in cases of necessity. 

After remaining in their first location about 
one year Mr. Grogan Sr. moved south of the 
Big Wichita, where some advantages were to 
be had superior to those where they first settled 
and the domestic establishment was set up near 
the Colonel Whaley ranch. 

Edward Grogan had poor school advantages, 
attending school only four months after his ar- 
rival in Texas, and that in a "dugout" in the 
winter of 1876-7. the teacher being Hon. John 
B. Hopkins, an educated gentleman and an able 
instructor who is vet in Clay county. After fin- 
ishing bis education Ed was forced to be hired 
out to help support the family and began life as 
a "cowboy," first in a small way, herding a 
small bunch of cattle for Colonel Whaley to 
keep them away from the fields, as there were 
no fences yet. He was next engaged by Camp- 
bell and Sandell to herd beef cattle on Frog 
creelc. but moved them soon to Fort Reno, In- 
dian Territory, to supply the United States gov- 
ernment with beef on contract there. From 
August, [878, to June, 1879, he spent at the 
Fori and then returned to Texas. 

lie was next engaged by A. E. Powers to 
herd cattle on the Big Wichita and, later by 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



53 



George F. Perry, of Gainesville, who owned a 
ranch near the mouth of that river in 1881. Be- 
ing of mature mind for one of his years, Mr. 
Grogan had learned the value of a dollar. The 
hard struggles of previous years to earn a 
livelihood had not escaped him and he saved 
some of his wages rather than spend it all as 
many "cowboys" foolishly .did. With an eye 
fixed on the future, in the spring of 1883 he 
was able to and bought about forty-five head of 
stock cattle which he took to Fort Sill where he 
accepted an offer from his former employer, Mr. 
Campbell, at good wages, practically having 
charge of the beef department of his employer's 
industry and holding his cattle with the herd. 

In this position Mr. Grogan "picked up" rap- 
idly, having free grass for his own cattle and 
monthly additions in cash from his work. He 
bought more stock and soon had a bunch of 
"stuff" worth attention, and, in time, his em- 
ployer became his partner in business. He was 
so associated for two years, during which time 
he secured a large and profitable oat contract 
from the government, in conjunction with his 
brother, R. P. Grogan, then a merchant at Ben- 
vanue, Texas. They supplied the government 
stock at Fort Sill with 300,000 pounds of oats, 
filling the contract up to the letter and coming off 
with several thousand dollars to the good. 

About this time our subject began to cast 
about for a place to call "home." In company 
with his brother before mentioned, he bought a 
portion of the R. R. Brown survey just be- 
low the Big Wichita on Red river and a year 
later he purchased his brother's interest in the 
three hundred and nineteen acres. Seeing the 
trend of matters he was convinced that the 
man who hoped to grow and graze cattle must 
own the grass or be driven out of business, so 
he set about acquiring more land and as a re- 
sult he owns nearly sixteen hundred acre-; of as 
good land as lies in the bend of Red river, all 
under fence and stocked. In addition to this 
princely estate he owns town lots in different 
places and an interest in a company drilling 
for oil in the Clay county field. 

Mr. Grogan was the first man to introduce 
concrete as a building material in Clay county 
and erected a store building of it in the new 
town of Byers in 1904. 

July 10, 1889, Mr. Grogan married Margaret 
F., a daughter of John G. Kerr, formerly from 
Cooke county, Texas. Seven children resulted 
as the issue of this marriage, viz : Samuel Aus- 
tin, Walter Kerr, Joe Bailey, George B., Fan- 
nie D., Ola C, and Mellie D. 



In politics Mr. Grogan is a Democrat and has 
always taken a more or less active part in county 
political work. He has been several years a 
school director and is a member of the Metho- 
dist church. Flis residence is two and a half 
miles northeast of Byers, where he is engaged 
in farming and the stock business, having from 
two to four hundred head of steers on hand. 
While he was a pioneer, as is shown, and was 
thrust upon the world with rather crude prep- 
aration for the real battle of life he has kept 
pace with the onward march and his methods, 
have fairly won a place among the substantial 
men of his county. He is always ready to aid 
worthy enterprises, is public spirited, progres- 
sive to a marked degree. 

JUDGE S. C. PADELFORD is a distin- 
guished member of the bar at Cleburne, hav- 
ing broad and comprehensive knowledge of jur- 
isprudence together with an ability that enables 
him to sink personal prejudices and opinions 
into the labors of a profession to which life 
and liberty must look for protection. He was 
born in Copiah county, Mississippi, but was 
reared in Hinds county, that state, his parents 
being T. D. and Sarah (Burton) Padelford. His 
father, a resident of Mississippi, in which state 
he was born, lived and died, became a well known 
planter and slave-holder there. His wife was 
likewise a native of that state. 

In his parents' home Judge Padelford spent 
his youth and his early educational privileges 
were supplemented bv a course of study in the 
University of Mississippi at Oxford, from which 
institution he was graduated with the class of 

1873. In the meantime he had taken up the 
study of law and after thorough preliminary 
reading was admitted to the Mississippi bar in 

1874. He sought a field of labor in Texas, com- 
ing to Cleburne in the same year and opening 
an office for practice here. His professional 
career is not unlike that of most lawyers who 
enter the ranks of the legal fraternity to com- 
pete with men of greater years and experience. 
Advancement at the bar is proverbially slow, 
but Judge Padelford demonstrated his skill and 
ability to cope with intricate problems of law 
and also gave proof of his unfaltering fidelity 
to his clients' interests. His advancement there- 
fore was sure and certain because he had as a 
basis of his success broad knowledge, an analyti- 
cal mind, keen discernment and strong reasoning 
powers. Owing to these qualities he has worked 
his way steadily upward until he is now the 
peer of the ablest practitioners of law in Texas. 
His reasoning is cogent, his deductions logical 



54 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



and in the application of a legal principle to 
the point at issue he is seldom, if ever, at fault. 
He has served as special district judge at various 
times and in April, 1905, was appointed by Gov- 
ernor I anham to act as special judge on the su- 
bench at Austin in a case in which one of 
the supreme judges was disqualified. In his pri- 
vate practice he was for twenty-one years as- 
sociated as a partner with Judge William A. 
Poindexter, now retired, the firm being Poin- 
& Padelford. Judge Padelford is now 
alone and he has a large and satisfactory prac- 
tice in all the courts, both state and federal, and 
is in possession of one of the largest and most 
valuable law libraries of Texas, with the con- 
tents of which he has intimate knowledge. 

Judge Padelford was married to Miss Min- 
nie Beard, a native of Alabama, and they have 
two children, Paul and Grace. The judge holds 
membership in the Methodist church and is a 
student of those questions which are to the states- 
man and man of affairs of deep interest, ques- 
tions relating to the welfare, progress and sub- 
stantial improvement of county, state and na- 
tion. He has done able service for the city 
in many lines that have proved beneficial and 
moreover he is actively connected with a pro- 
fession which has important bearing upon the 
progress and stable prosperity of any section 
and one which has long been considered as con- 
serving the public welfare by furthering the 
ends of justice and maintaining individual rights. 

JOSEPH NEWTON McCRARY. The sub- 
jecl lias had much to do with the material im- 
provement of Clay county, having been 
at all times identified with its building interests, 
as a carpenter, and having also been connected 
with its farm and home development. He has 
ded within the state's boundaries since the 
year [870, when, with his young wife — and 
both under age — he settled in Ellis county. He 
was without resources other than his willing 
hands, and his first work in the state was at 
cutting saw-logs. He chanced soon to get in 
with B. I). Ilinkle. a carpenter, and. being handy 
with tools himself, he made the association so 
ible to his foreman that the business of 
learning the carpenter's trade was at once un- 
dertaken. Me remained with Mr. Ilinkle until 
he was able to do efficient work himself and 
was thus put m possession of an occupation that 
has contributed no little to the success of his 
career in the 1 .one Star state. 

When he left Ellis county and came to Clay 
in 1 Sy 1. Mr. McCrary had a wagon and team 
and less than fiftj dollars in money, lie pulled 



in on Smith creek, where deer, turkey and ante- 
lope were really too numerous for thrift, and 
where one could almost kill wild turkeys with 
a club, and, in 1880, bought a tract of wild 
land on that stream and set about its crude fron- 
tier improvement. He built a log hut fourteen 
feet square and moved his family in on the 
ground, as Gainesville was the nearest market 
for dressed lumber and other supplies, and he 
was associated with those primitive surround- 
ings some six years, when he sold out to an 
advantage, having paid only one dollar an acre 
for his land, and purchased another new tract 
one mile west of Bellevue, which he still owns. 
This farm Mr. McCrary has put chiefly to the 
production of grain and its improvements em- 
brace a five-room cottage, barn and shed room, 
a wind mill for his well and fencing and cross- 
fencing all around. He remained in the active 
supervision of the place, its cultivation devolv- 
ing upon his sons, till 1901, when he removed 
into Bellevue and has here busied himself ex- 
clusively with his tools at the carpenter's bench. 
His farm contains two hundred and four acres 
and is situated on an eminence commanding a 
fine view of the little town of Bellevue and of 
the country around it, and this, together with his 
residence in town, shows distinctly what J. N. 
McCrary has accomplished with his hands since 
he came to Texas. 

On his trip to Texas Mr. McCrary came by 
wagon with Eagleton McCrary, a cousin, and 
eight weeks were consumed on the journey. They 
started from Rutherford county, Tennessee, 
where he was born August 25, 1850. His father, 
James McCrary, was a Tennesseean by birth, his 
natal year being in the twenties. While a Con- 
federate soldier the Yankees captured him and 
imprisoned him at Camp Chase, Ohio, where 
his death occurred in 1863. He was a farmer 
and left four children by his marriage with 
Jane Donnell. 

The McCrarys are of Irish ancestry, the 
grandfather of our subject, Arthur McCrary, 
having accompanied his parents into Tennessee 
from the Emerald Isle about the opening of the 
nineteenth century. Arthur McCrary always 
lived in Rutherford county and was there twice 
married and there reared two sets of children 
and there passed away. By his first marriage 
his child was : Jane, who married James Starnes 
and passed her life near Lexington, Missouri. 
By his second marriage there were : James, fa- 
ther of Joseph X. of this review; Anderson, of 
Tennessee; Mary, who married James Beck- 
ton : Joe, who died in Tennessee ; Margaret, wife 
oi Frank Lowe: Fannie, deceased, without 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



55 



issue ; Nancy ; Mrs. James Gilley ; and Mellie; 
who married Jesse Gilley and is now deceased. 

For her second husband Mrs. Jane McCrary 
married Asa Todd, and this union was without 
issue. The McCrary children were : Joseph 
N., of Bellevue, Texas; and William, John and 
James of Rutherford countv, Tennessee. The 
mother died January 2, 1905. 

Joseph N. McCrary 's school advantages were 
confined to the rural districts and the most 
primitive and short-lived kind at best. He was 
forced to aid in the care of his younger brothers, 
in the way of contributions from his labor, and 
as a youth of sixteen he was earning waees and 
making his efforts, in his limited sphere count. 
As a resident of Clay county he has aided in 
the construction of many of the buildings in 
Bellevue which stand as a monument to the 
handiwork of their builders, and among them 
are the Methodist Episcopal and Baptist 
churches, the schoolhouse, and the residences of 
Webb, Jackson and Duncan. 

January 25, 1870, near their native place Mr. 
and Mrs. McCrary were married. Her maiden 
name was Mollie Carnahan, a daughter of Pres- 
ton and Sarah E. (McCrary) Carnahan, from 
North Carolina to Tennessee. Mr. Carnahan 
was a son of James Carnahan and Mrs. Carna- 
han was a daughter of John McCrary, a distant 
relative of the subject of this notice. Mrs. Mc- 
Crary, wife of Joseph N., is one of five chil- 
dren, as follows : Sarah, wife of Jesse Williams, 
of Tennessee ; Mrs. McCrary, born March 24, 
1852; Jane, who married William Hoover and 
died in Collin county, Texas, leaving a family; 
Peterson, who died in Tennessee ; and Lillie, wife 
of Frank Harney, of Oklahoma. 

Mr. and Mrs. McCrary 's children are: Al- 
bert, whose wife was Mary Anderson and whose 
children are : Carl, Drusilla and Frank ; Baltes 
S., is the vounger of the two children in family 
and is married to Daisy Baynham and has chil- 
dren ; Lloyd, Cecil and Lucile. 

The McCrarvs were strictly southern in senti- 
ment and all of our subject's uncles served in 
the army of the Confederate states. Following 
the war they identified themselves politically 
with the Democratic party and Joseph N. of 
this review has maintained the familv record. 

J. W. STEWART, who is following farming 
in the Red river valley in Montague county and 
is so directing his labors along practical and 
progressive lines that his efforts are being at- 
tended with a gratifying measure of success, 
was born in Johnson county, Arkansas, July 10, 
1853. His parents were William and Louisia 



(Swift) Stewart, both of whom were natives of 
Tennessee, their marriage, however, being cele- 
brated in Arkansas. The father was a son of 
Joseph and Jane (Davis) Stewart, both of whom 
were native of North Carolina, where they were 
married. Joseph Stewart was a son of William 
Stewart, one of three brothers who emigrated 
from Scotland to the new world and landed at 
North Carolina, where all three brothers entered 
the war as soldiers of the American army bat- 
tling for independence. They served until the 
close of hostilities and' the achievement of in- 
dependence, subsequent to which time one set- 
tled in New York, while two remained in North 
Carolina. One of these brothers never mar- 
ried. The other, William Stewart, became the 
founder of the branch of the family to which 
our subject belonged. These three brothers 
were descended from the royal house of Stewart 
in Scotland. 

William Stewart became a prominent planter 
in North Carolina, where he remained up to the 
time of his death. He reared seven sons, most 
of whom became tillers of the soil. John Stew- 
art, however, was a prominent lawyer and be- 
came judge of the courts and moved to Virginia, 
where he lived and died. Joseph Stew- 
art, the paternal grandfather of our sub- 
ject, was reared in North Carolina and 
removed to Tennessee, while later he became a 
resident of Arkansas. It was then a territory 
and within its borders he located land and im- 
proved a good farm, being identified with the 
progress and development of his community 
from pioneer days down to the admission of the 
state into the Union. He lived there at a time 
when bear hunting was a common sport and re- 
tained his residence there until the state became 
thickly settled and its wild lands had largely 
been reclaimed for the purposes of civilization. 
He served in the war of 1812 and also in the 
Creek Indian war and in fact the Stewarts have 
been represented in all of the American wars. 
Joseph Stewart had no aspiration for office, but 
preferred to live the quiet life of a farmer, and 
was an honest, upright man, always true to his 
professions as a member of the Baptist church, 
in which he long served as deacon. He aided 
in organizing the first Baptist church in his part 
of Arkansas and was one of its stanch sup- 
porters and active workers. His life was at all 
times honorable and upright, commending him 
to the confidence and good will of those with 
whom he was associated either through business 
or social relations. In his family were nine 
children : William, Thomas, Samuel, Hamilton, 
John, Daniel, Henry and Lafayette, all of whom 



56 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



followed farming ; and Lucinda, who became 
the wife of M. Swift. Hamilton died prior to 
the Civil war but the other seven sons became 
soldiers in the Confederate army and served un- 
til the close of hostilities, save that William, 
Thomas and Daniel were killed in the service. 
The others returned to Arkansas, where they 
spenl their remaining days. All were members 
oi G< neral Trice's command and Cable's division 
and became respected and worthy residents of 
the community in which they made their home. 

William Stewart, father of our subject, mar- 
ried and settled upon a part of the old home- 
stead, improving there a good farm. This he 
did before the war and he was making good 
progress in his business interests when the call 
for troops was issued. His patriotic spirit w r as 
then aroused in behalf of his loved southland 
and he went to the front, serving the Confeder- 
acy well. When at home, however, on a fur- 
lough which was granted him because of ill- 
ness he was shot and killed by a Yankee scout 
on the 5th of September, 1863. He saw much 
hard service, which he manfully bore for the 
sake of his country. He too was a faithful and 
devoted member of the Baptist church and his 
life record was in harmony with his profes- 
sions. Politically he was a Democrat but never 
sought nor desired the honors or emoluments 
of public office. He lived a contented and happy 
life up to the time of the Civil war and then 
entered the service, wherein he eventually gave 
his life to the south. His wife survived him 
and died in June. [8QO, when more than sixty 
years of age, her birth having occurred in Sep- 
tember, [829, while Mr. Stewart was born in 
1823. Following her husband's death she re- 
mained upon the homestead and carefully reared 
their children, who have become respected and 
worthy members of society. Mrs. Stewart was 
a daughter of John Swift of Richmond, Virginia, 
a carpenter by trade, recognized as a good me- 
chanic. He removed to Fayetteville, Tennessee, 
and later to Arkansas, establishing his home 
within it- borders when it was a new country. 
There he made lumber from the stum]) with a 
whip-saw and broad axe in order that the com- 
modit) might be used for the building of houses, 
lie also became a farmer and was an enterpris- 
ing and progressive citizen of that community. 
1 1 however, he became attacked with the 
gold fever and started overland for California 
bul died en route of cholera. He left a wife 
and twelve children, namel) : ('lib, William, 
Marion, Marcellus, Jack. Ashley, James, Elisha] 
Mrs. Vngeline Odom, Mrs. Sarah Hartgraves, 
Mrs Louisa Stewart and Mrs. Malvina Oglesby. 



The children of Mr. and Mrs. William Stewart 
were five in number: Columbus, a farmer and 
Baptist minister, residing in Parker county, 
Texas ; Hardena, now Mrs. Lane ; J. W., of this 
review ; Mrs. Amanda Wilton; and Mrs. Caroline 
Hill. The parents were members of the Bap- 
tist church and were worthy people, enjoying in 
high degree the friendship and good will of 
those with whom they came in contact. 

J. W. Stewart, whose name introduces this 
record, was ten years of age at the time of his 
father's death. He was compelled to take an ac- 
tive part in the work of the farm and assisted 
his mother in every way possible. , There were 
hard times for the family during the period of 
the Civil war, for the women and boys of the 
household had to do the work of the country as 
the fathers, husbands and brothers were all in 
the army. As William Stewart never returned 
to take up the work of the farm again J. W. 
Stewart remained and assisted his mother in 
keeping the family together and providing for 
their support. He continued at home up to the 
time of his marriage, which occurred in Janu- 
ary, 1875, the lady of his choice being Miss Lu- 
cinda Hill, who was born in Johnson county, 
Arkansas, in December, 1852, and is an estima- 
ble lady, who has indeed been a faithful com- 
panion and helpmate to her husband during the 
thirty years in which they have traveled life's 
journey together. Her parents were Joseph and 
Emeline (Tones) Hill, the former a native of 
Tennessee and the latter of Alabama. Both were 
reared in Arkansas, where they were married. 
Mr. Hill was a farmer and blacksmith but left 
the fields and the shop at his country's call and 
joined the Confederate army, which he served 
long and well, displaying valor upon many a 
battlefield. He continued with his command 
until he laid his life upon the altar of the south 
in September, 1864, being killed in an en^o-e- 
ment. He was a plain, honest mechanic and 
farmer, well known and highly respected be- 
cause of his genuine worth. His widow still sur- 
vives, now making her home in Arkansas. In 
their family were eight children: Kimble, who 
was killed in the Civil war in 1863; Jasper, who 
served throughout the war; Jane, the wife of 
John Davis; George, who was also a soldier 
during the period of hostilities between the north 
and the south ; Columbus, now a farmer of 
Oklahoma, who for four years served as sheriff 
of Madison county, Arkansas; Lucinda, now 
Mrs. Stew art : T. J., a resident farmer of the 
Choctaw Nation ; and Amanda, the wife of J 
Akred. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



57 



At the time of his marriage Mr. Stewart rent- 
ed a farm for two years, after which he pur- 
chased a small tract of land. In 1879 ne so 'd 
out and came to Texas, where he rented land 
and raised one crop. He then returned to Ark- 
ansas and afterward went into the territory and 
leased some land which he cultivated, but was 
not satisfied with his location and returned to 
his native state. In 1884, however, he removed 
to the Cherokee Nation, where he remained for 
five years, and in 1890 he came to Texas, where 
he engaged in the operation of rented 
land for a similar period. In 1895 he 
purchased three hundred and twelve acres 
of land, where he now resides. This he 
has fenced, has erected thereon a commodious 
residence and barn, also various buildings for 
the shelter of grain and stock. He has made 
stock lots and in fact has his farm well im- 
proved, two hundred acres of land being under 
a high state of cultivation. He has also planted 
an orchard which yields its fruits in season. His 
house stands on a rise of ground forming a nat- 
ural building site, overlooking the farm and sur- 
rounding valley. In fact, this is a model prop- 
erty in the midst of a rich agricultural district 
and the home is pleasantly located four miles 
northwest of Spanish Fort in the Red river 
valley. From his earnings Mr. Stewart had 
saved one thousand dollars, which he paid on 
his purchase, incurring an indebtedness for the 
remainder. His first crop was his shortest one. 
He has since raised good crops and success has 
crowned his efforts, so that he has cleared the 
farm from all financial encumbrance and has a 
clear title to his place. He has an abundance of 
stock, has a large granary filled with wheat and 
a large amount of corn and cotton. He is con- 
sidered one of the most successful agriculturists 
of the valley and has given to the farm and its 
cultivation and improvement all of his attention, 
so that bv earnest work and good management he 
has gained success. Fie is among the promi- 
nent and substantial agriculturists of this part 
of the state and deserves all the credit that is 
due a self-made man. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Stewart has been 
blessed with nine children: Orpha, now the wife 
of D. Louderback ; Beger, who married and died 
soon afterward, passing away November 3, 1901 ; 
Putnam, a farmer of Oklahoma ; Ira, the wife 
of M. Paine ; Coda, Walker and Zed, all of whom 
are assisting the father on the home farm ; Louisa 
E., at home; and Hardena J., who died Decem- 
ber 5, 1899. Mrs. Stewart is a member of the 
Baptist church and the family is one of promi- 
nence in the community, their circle of friends 



being extensive. Mr. Stewart gives his political 
allegiance to the Democracy, of which he is an 
unfaltering advocate. He uses his influence for 
the growth and development of the party and he 
had served for ten years as school director, when 
he declined to occupy the position longer, but 
has since been again elected. He, too, is a consistent 
member of the Baptist church and he likewise 
belongs to the Masonic fraternity. In his busi- 
ness career he has made the best use possible of 
his opportunities and through earnest and per- 
sistent effort has worked his way steadily upward. 

JAMES H. MADDOX. The family name of 
Mr. Maddox is one which is ineffaceably traced 
on the history of Fort Worth and which figures 
on the pages whose records perpetuate the prin- 
cipal events from early days to the present time. 
He was born in Claiborne parish, Louisiana, in 
1862, his parents being Colonel W. A. and Mary 
A. (Mays) Maddox. The father was born in 
Troop county, Georgia, April 15, 1825, but re- 
moved from that state to northern Louisiana in 
1848 and purchased a large plantation. In 1877 
he located in Tarrant county, Texas, and for a 
number of years cultivated a farm a few miles 
south of this city, retiring from active labors 
several years before his death, which occurred 
at the home of his son, E. P. Maddox, April 25, 
1904, age eighty. During the Civil war he was 
a gallant Confederate soldier, and for meritorious 
service was made the colonel of his regiment. 
He was twice wounded, and participated in many 
of the leading engagements of the war. His 
funeral services were conducted under the aus- 
pices of R. E. Lee Camp, No. 158, United 
Confederate Veterans. Mrs. Maddox's death 
occurred at Fort Worth in 1877. One of their 
sons, Colonel R. E. Maddox, is now president of 
the National Bank of Commerce of Fort Worth, 
was tax assessor and collector of this city for 
nine years, later was extensively engaged in 
farming- and breeding blooded stock in Tarrant 
county, and for some years previous to the panic 
of 1893 was one of two men who were the largest 
taxpayers in the county. Another son, Walter 
T. Maddox, served as sheriff of Tarrant county 
for several years, and is now engaged in the real 
estate business here. 

James H. Maddox, the seventh son, came to 
this state in 1876, a short time previous to his 
father's arrival, although some of his brothers 
came previous to that time. For about four 
years he was engaged in work on his father's 
farm, and was then made the deputy sheriff of 
Tarrant county, in which capacity he served for 
fourteen years. In 1891 he was made the chief of 



58 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



police, this office being technically known as 
city marshal, for whoever becomes city marshal 
is appoi fncio chief of police by the city 

law, and in this position Mr. Maddox served 
for six years, following which, for nearly four 
rears, he was manager of the Fort Worth branch 
of the Pabst Brewing Company. In April of 
that year he was elected chief of the fire depart- 
ment, and has served as such continuously to the 
present time, proving an efficient officer. 

fn (his citv Mr. Maddox was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Josephine B. Douglas, a member of 
a well known Virginia family, and whose death 
occurred April 5. 1899, leaving two sons, Doug- 
las and Victor. In his fraternal relations Mr. 
Maddox is a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, the Red 
M.n and the Eagles. 

ALBERT DEVEREUX. It is both as an 
early settler and as county surveyor of Wise 
county that Albert Devereux is widely known, 
for his advent hither dates from the year 1874, 
and his service in the capacity of the county's 
engineer embraces an epoch of its greatest and 
mosl rapid development. 

Since the Centennial year, when he was chosen 
county surveyor the first time, he has been a 
land man and. whether in office or out, he has 
occupied his time chiefly as a locater and a 
dealer in Texas lands. In the subject of agri- 
culture he has ever maintained an interest, and 
beginning with the little tract he bought on 
Deep creek where he first made his Wise county 
home and extending down through the years, 
the encouragement of settlers and settlements 
has been the burden of his thoughts. Born with- 
in the limits of the Lone Star state and nurtured 
under the benign influences of its soil and cli- 
\lr. Devereux typifies in the essential ele- 
ments of his makeup those solid and vigorous 
characters who have ever taken rank in the civil 
affairs of their respective localities and whose 
labors haw wrought beyond the disposition of 
money to compensate. The extent of his field 
work with compass and chain and his familiarity 
with tin- land lines everywhere in Wise 'county 
makes him and his office a veritable bureau of 

information relative to these matters, and he is 
easil) the besl informed man on titles and lands 
in the county. 

Deci mber 15. 1848, Albert Devereux was born 
in Rusk count] . rexas, a son of Julien S. Dever- 
eux, who settled in Montgomery county on en- 
tering the Lone Star state a young man, and 
later on moved into Rusk county, where he re- 
mained until Ins death in 1856. The father was 



born in Georgia, in Milledgville, in 1821, his 
father, John Devereux, having been a planter 
and a gentleman of French antecedents, who 
passed away in Rusk county in about 1840. Ju- 
lien S. and Mrs. Lou Holcomb, of Mobile, Ala- 
bama, and Albert, were the latter's children who 
reared families, except Albert, who died of yel- 
low fever at Pensacola, Florida, in about 1840. 
While passing to his majority Julien S. Devereux 
acquired a liberal education and became a man 
well equipped and well trained mentally. He 
possessed the qualifications requisite to a relia- 
ble legislator and Rusk county sent him to Aus- 
tin to do her share of the law-making for the 
state, and he died in 1856 while holding this po- 
sition. For his wife he chose Sarah A. Land- 
rum, a daughter of John Landrum, a Mexican 
war veteran as well as a Texas veteran of the 
battle of San Jacinto. 

Just before the battle which decided the fate 
of Texas was fought Mr. Landrum came to the 
scene of the conflict from Alabama, and as a 
civilian maintained himself a farmer. He was 
of German stock and passed his last years in 
Van Zandt county where he is buried. Mrs. 
Sarah A. Devereux lived to an advanced age 
and died in Cherokee county in 1902, at the age 
of seventy-two, having been the mother of: Al- 
bert, of this notice; Julien S., Jr., who died in 
Ector county, Texas, in 1899; William P., of 
Cherokee county ; and Charles M., who died in 
Montgomery county in 1883. 

Albert Devereux's life was a rural one until 
after he became a citizen of Wise county. He 
was a student of McKenzie College near Clarks- 
ville, Texas, and attended the Gilmer high school 
under Morgan H. Looney, there acquiring the 
principles of surveying, a fact which has proved 
an event of much importance in his life. He 
was married before he reached his majority and 
took up the work of the farm. His mental and 
physical equipment comprised his chief assets 
when he came to Wise county, yet the "hungry 
wolf" never prowled around his door. From 1877 
to 1 88 1 he filled the office of county surveyor, 
and having thus familiarized himself with the 
work and popularized himself as a reliable en- 
gineer he continued in the work as a locater in 
this and other parts of the state, thus extend- 
ing his acquaintance and widening his influence 
and usefulness. In iqoo, he was again chosen 
county surveyor and has been twice re-elected 
to the position. Mr. Devereux is not only known 
as a surveyor and a citizen, but as a Democrat 
also. He has known two generations of Wise 
county political managers and has participated 
with them in distributing the spoils of office on 




ALBERT DEVEREUX 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



59 



many biennial occasions. He annually attends 
the State Democratic conventions as a delegate, 
almost without fail, and by his vote has aided 
in the nomination of some men who have come 
to be national characters representing the Lone 
Star state. 

February 1 1, 1869, Mr. Devereux married 
Elizabeth A., a daughter of B. F. Stamps, an early 
settler of Rusk county from Alabama. Mrs. Dev- 
ereux was born in Rusk county in the month 
of January, 185 1, and her mother was Fannie, 
a daughter of Dr. P. T. Richardson, also of Ala- 
bama. The issue of the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Devereux are: Julian O., William E., and Har- 
per, deceased; Antoinette, Wife of Ira Stepp, of 
Wise county, with children, Julian, William and 
Edith ; Frank L., of Cherokee county, who mar- 
ried Josie Douglass and has a son, Frank D. ; 
and Charles, Leila B., and Albert, Jr., who con- 
tinue with the parental home. Mr. Devereux 
is a member of the Methodist church and belongs 
to the Masonic Fraternity and also several other 
societies. 

WILLIAM MATTHIAS WAGNER. For 
many years the subject of this personal review 
has been identified with commercial affairs in 
Clay county and is now the leading merchant 
of Vashti, where, as chief of the firm of Wagner 
and Son, he established himself late in 1904. He 
has been known as a merchant in the county 
since the year 1890, when he opened a store in 
Newport and has, almost continuously since, de- 
voted himself to commercial affairs. He repre- 
sents a type of successful business men whose 
chief and soundest training has come from the 
school of experience and whose steady tread 
has been always onward and upward toward a 
brighter sunlight of financial independence. His 
business activity has led him long past the me- 
ridian of life but he is still a factor to be reck- 
oned with in the brisk and sharp trade competi- 
tion universally prevalent now. 

A glance into the genealogical storehouse of 
the Wagners of this branch finds it mothered by 
the famous old Palmetto state, from which the 
great-grandfather of our subject emigrated dur- 
ing the first years of our national existence, and 
took up his residence in Lincoln county, Ten- 
nessee. There he began rearing a family, of 
whom Daniel Wagner, grandfather of our sub- 
ject, was one. The latter pursued the rural 
calling of his ancestors, married there a Miss 
Kinkannon and in the early twenties, moved into 
Hardin county as one of its first settlers. He 
was a gentleman of standing, an extensive farm- 
er, for he owned slaves, and both he and his 



wife lie buried in its soil. Of their children, 
Francis died in Montague county, Texas, leav- 
ing a family; Matthias, our subject's father; 
Susie and Mattie both became the wife of J. J. 
Williams and died in Tennessee, leaving chil- 
dren ; Betsy married Exas Nevill and died in 
Titus county, Texas, with issue; Nancy married 
Tames Porter and left a family at her death in 
Titus county. 

Matthias Wagner was born in Lincoln county, 
Tennessee, and was brought up in Hardin coun- 
ty. His birth occurred in 1818 and he died in 
Montague county, Texas, October 21, 1886. He 
was a plain citizen and farmer, a Christian gen- 
tleman, a Mason and a Democrat. He emigrated 
from Tennessee, and passed his remaining years 
in the Lone Star state. He married Mary B. 
Graham, a daughter of James Graham, one of the 
first settlers of Hardin county. The latter's early 
home there was situated on Horse creek where, 
as a mechanic and farmer, he prospered and be- 
came one of the large land-owners of the coun- 
ty. He was of South Carolina birth, married a 
Miss Blackburn and reared a family of six 
daughters, namely: Ursula and Betsy, both died 
in Hardin county ; Mary B., born in 1818, died 
in Hunt county, Texas, in 1875, was the mother 
of our subject; Catherine, who married A. Will- 
iams, died at Gainesville, Texas, and left a fam- 
ily ; Sallie, now Mrs. Boyd, has a family and re- 
sides in Montague county, Texas, and Jane 
Dickson, of Navarro county, Texas, also has 
children. 

Of the numerous family of Matthias and Mary 
B. Wagner, Martha E. resides in Mansville, In- 
dian Territory, and is married to Rev. L. E. 
Covey, M. D. ; Sarah M., wife of E. G. Bivens, 
of Montague, Texas, is now deceased; Susan, 
who died in Hardin county, Tennessee, married 
Calvin Covey ; James D., of Selma, Colorado, is 
a physician; William Matthias, our subject; 
Francis, of Weatherford, Texas; Mary, wife of 
L. McCurry, of Arkansas ; John J. died without 
marriage, in Hunt county; Henry H., of Mari- 
etta, Indian Territory ; David E., of Mansville, 
Indian Territory ; Julia L., of Mountain View, 
Arkansas, is the wife of Robert McCurry, and 
Lillie A., wife of a Mr. McCurry, resides in 
Batavia, Arkansas. 

William Matthias Wagner lived in Hardin 
county, Tennessee, till he was twenty-six years 
old. He was born there October 16, 1846, and 
the days of his infancy and youth were filled 
with pastoral scenes. The schools of the rural 
neighborhood furnished him with the rudiments 
of an education and he was drawn into the dead- 
ly military conflict of the sixties as soon as he 



(,.. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



had reached the enlistment age. He entered the 
army of the Confederacy in 1864 and his com- 
pany was "G," and his regiment the First 
Confederate Cavalry, Captain J. W. Irven and 
Colonel John T. Cox. He was in Jackson's di- 
vision and Forrest's Corps, and his service cov- 
ered, roughly, the states of Alabama, Missis- 
sippi, Tennessee and Georgia. He participated 
in Hood's raid into Tennessee, was guarding 
prisoners at Columbia, Tennessee, and at Nash- 
ville, and then helped fight the engagement at 
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, the last of the war for his 
command, and it was surrendered to Gen. E. R. 
S. Canbv at Gainesville, Alabama, in May, 1865. 

The war ended, Mr. Warner was one of the 
first to return to the implements of peace and 
for the succeeding three years the labors, of the 
farm knew him. In the autumn of 1868 he made 
his first trip west and halted not until he reached 
Mount Pleasant, Titus county, Texas. Here he 
passed two years as a farm hand, returning to 
his old home in 1870, and there, January 4, of the 
next year, married, and, after three years, re- 
turned to Texas to make his future home. He 
stopped a year in Hunt county and, in August, 
1875, he moved to Montague county and there 
bought a farm and began life in earnest. De- 
ciding on a change of location, he sold his home- 
stead in 1877, and purchased one four miles 
from the village of Newport, in Clay county, 
which he improved, occupied until 1889 and 
which he yel owns. On leaving the farm he en- 
gaged in the hardware and implement business 
at Posl < >ak, in Jack county, but after a year 
sold out and established himself in a similar 
business in Newport, where he continued with 
success until [903, when he again sold, occupied 
himself with his farm a season and in the fall 
of 1904 associated himself with his son and pur- 
chased the leading hardware and implement busi- 
ness in Vashti. They also carry a stock of gro- 
ceries and harness and are successors of the firm 
of < lerard and Childress. 

Mr. Wagner's first wife was Anna Walker, 
who died November 9, 1888, at Post Oak, Texas. 
She was a daughter of Rev. W. C. and Caroline 

P. (Kerr) Walker and was Imrn June 3, 1X54. 
She was one of the follow ing children : Anna J. ; 
. widow of Dr. Welch, of Caddo Mills, 
Texas; Lizzie, who died in Clay county as the 
wife of Lewis Kendall. left a famiK ; Rev. W. I. 
Walker, of Vashti; Luther J., who died at Cloud 
Chief, Oklahoma, with heirs; and Emma and 
Nannie who <\u<\ w ithoul marriage. 

In Mr. Wagner's family are children: Rev. 
James P., of Manchester. Iowa, pastor of the 
Methodisl Episcopal church, is a graduate of 



Parsons' College, at Veal's Station, Texas, and 
of the Iowa University, class of 1904. He mar- 
ried Miss Kate Britt and has children, Alto, 
Willie, Eugene and Hughes. Addison M., died 
at Newport at twenty years of age ; William Al- 
fred, of Whitesboro, Texas, a bank employe, is 
married to Ida R. Peters and has children, Eu- 
genia and Lena ; Ada, who died at Veal's Station 
in 1879; I ra E., partner in the firm of Wagner 
and Son, is a graduate of the Henrietta high 
school, a student in the State University of 
Texas for three years and a teacher for a term 
at Charlie, is unmarried ; Ella Nora and Ola 
May are both products of the Henrietta high 
school and are abiding with their father in Vashti. 
February 16, 1890, Mr. Wagner married Mrs. 
Ellen R. Spikes, a daughter of Allen and Mary 
(Spence) Gray, formerly from Jasper county, 
Mississippi, where Mrs. Wagner was born July 
1, 1850. Her father was a native of South 
Carolina and her mother of Alabama. 

Democracy has claimed the Wagners as among 
its most reliable supporters, and W. M., our 
subject, has frequently represented his district 
in delegate conventions of the party in Clay 
county. He has served as a justice of the peace 
at Newport and as notary public, also. He is a 
Cumberland Presbyterian and a Master Mason 
and a citizen whom to know is to revere for his 
substantial and manly qualities. 

JUDGE W. F. RAMSEY, a distinguished 
member of the Cleburne bar, also prominently 
connected with financial interests as the president 
of the National Bank of Cleburne, has in an ac- 
tive career so directed his efforts that his life 
work has been marked by consecutive advance- 
ment and successful accomplishment. While at- 
taining individual prosperity he belongs to that 
class of men who at the same time promote the 
general welfare and contribute in a tangible way 
to the upbuilding and progress of the localities 
in which they reside. 

Judge Ramsey was born near Temple, in Bell 
county, Texas, his parents being John J., and 
Nancy (Clark) Ramsey. The father, a native 
of Kentucky, came to Texas in 1854, locating 
in Bell county, and after the outbreak of the 
Civil war he enlisted with the Confederate 
troops, serving first with the army in Virginia and 
later, after a brief period spent at home, joined 
the army which was operating in this state. He 
was then at Houston until the close of hostilities 
Subsequently he became a prominent merchant, 
being connected with commercial pursuits for 
twenty-five years. During the last eight or ten 
years of his life, however, he was retired from 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



61 



active business and he passed away at the home of 
his son, Judge Ramsey, in Cleburne, in the winter 
of 1904. His wife, who was born in Tennessee 
and was there married, departed this life in Texas 
in 1875. 

Judge Ramsey was largely reared in Johnson 
county, Texas, to which he removed in 1861 with 
relatives who lived at Alvarado, going there after 
his father joined the army. He spent about five 
years as a student of Trinity University, in Tehau- 
cana, Texas, and was graduated in the literary de- 
partment with the class of 1876 and completed the 
law course in 1877. H e was then licensed to 
practice and on the 4th of July of the latter year 
established an office in Cleburne, where he has 
since made his home. His was the usual experi- 
ence of the young lawyer who has to wait for 
clients, finding it necessary to cope with old law- 
yers well established in their profession. As 
business was accorded him, however, he demon- 
strated his ability to cope with the intricate prob- 
lems of jurisprudence, and in later years his prac- 
tice has been very extensive and of a distinctly 
representative character connecting him with the 
most important litigation tried in the courts of the 
district and making heavy demands upon his 
time. He is now attorney for all the railroads in 
Johnson county, likewise for the National Bank 
of Cleburne, the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany, the Waterworks Company, the oil mill and 
other important interests. In fact, he is well 
known as a corporation lawyer. He has likewise 
served as special district judge and as special 
judge of the Texas supreme court but has never 
been a candidate for office. His first law firm 
connection was as a member of the firm of Brown, 
Hall & Ramsey, his partners being prominent 
representatives of the Cleburne bar, and the firm 
was for many years known as an unusually strong 
and able one. Later changes in the firm led to the 
adoption of the firm style of Brown & Ramsey, 
succeeded by Brown, Ramsey & Crane, the junior 
partner being the well known lawyer, M. M. 
Crane, ex-attorney general and a brilliant lawyer, 
now of Dallas, Texas. Later the firm became 
Crane & Ramsey. As before stated Mr. Ramsey 
has also figured prominently in other business 
connections in Cleburne. In 1900 he was elected 
president of the National Bank of Cleburne, the 
oldest national bank of the city, being organized 
as an institution of that character in 1889 and 
as the successor of a very strong private bank. 
The capital stock is seventy-five thousand dollars 
with surplus and profits exceeding that amount 
and the deposits now amount to over six hundred 
thousand dollars, having increased about two 
hundred per cent or from two hundred thousand 



dollars from the time that Judge Ramsey accepted 
the presidency. He is likewise president of the 
Cleburne Waterworks Company and is interested 
financially in other prominent enterprises and 
projects of the city. 

Mrs. Ramsey, who in her maidenhood was 
Miss Rowena Hill, is a native of Fayette county, 
Texas, and they have seven children: W. F. 
Ramsey, Jr., who is a practicing lawyer of the firm 
of Ramsey & Odell ; Sam, Mildred, Benton, 
Knox, Mary and Dorothy, all at home. The 
social prominence of the family makes their circle 
of friends an extensive one. Judge Ramsey is a 
prominent Mason, having taken the degrees of the 
commandery and of the Scottish Rite, and he is 
also connected with the Knights of Pythias, the 
Elks and other fraternal organizations. He is 
president of the Cleburne school board, of which 
he has been a member for several years and is a 
public-spirited and prominent citizen, recognizing 
the possibilities of the municipality and striving 
earnestly for the adoption of such measures as 
will contribute to the public growth along lines 
of substantial and permanent improvement. 

DAVID HENRY BATES. Of those whose 
initial settlement in Clay county antedates the 
close of Indian incursions in North Texas, David 
H. Bates is among the very first, for his advent 
here was March, 1873, when, in pursuance of a 
previous arrangement, a colony of Indiana people 
accompanied him hither to become permanent 
settlers. The year prior the choice of location 
was made by Mr. Bates near the center of the 
county and his own site for a home was selected 
about one and a half miles south of the county 
seat. 

Theirs was the first settlement in that whole 
country and it was made prior to the existence of 
public surveys and when not a house yet marked 
the site of Henrietta. The best that settlers could 
then do was to "squat" on land and await the 
coming of the surveyors to tell them where they 
were. This was Mr. Bates' plan and when the 
lines were finally run it was found that his loca- 
tion was adjoining a tract of school land. 

His first efforts put forth in the county were in 
the erection of a stockade in which to keep him- 
self and stock safely from surprise and attack 
against Indians and every night his padlock went 
on his gate as regularly as he closed his cabin 
door. The history of Indian troubles south of 
Red river in those days shows them to have 
overrun all this country every full moon and 
much stock was driven off all around Mr. Bates 
but nothing of his was ever molested. 



62 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



He begun life lure at a species of farming, 
raising- feed chiefly, which he sold to the govern- 
ment troops and to stockmen. He cultivated the 
place three years and tiring, no doubt, of his 
lonely life on the frontier, he returned east and lo- 
cated in Jasper county, Indiana, where he became 
a merchant at Remington, and was so engaged 
there for eight years, when he removed to South 
Dakota and became extensively identified with 
business affairs near Huron. He owned an eleva- 
tor, was in the grain business and had, also, farm- 
ing interests, and was a prominent citizen of that 
locality until February, 1901, when "on to Texas" 
again loomed up before him and he returned to 
Clay county. Since his return to the Lone Star 
state trading- in lands has occupied him in the 
main, and his possessions in real estate consist 
of about fifteen hundred acres around and near 
Henrietta. 

David H. Bates was born in Butler county, 
Ohio, April 1 1, 1846. His father, Ozro Bates, 
was a farmer and was only a youth when he ac- 
companied his parents to Cincinnati. Laben 
Bates, our subject's paternal grandfather, was an 
Englishman born, and moved into the Ohio valley 
from Brattleboro, Vermont. He brought his 
family down the Ohio river on a raft, stopped at 
Cincinnati, where he established the first line 
of drays in the city. Flis settlement there was 
made about 1806 and he died of cholera in 1810. 
Of his familv of children, Smith died near 
Indianapolis. Indiana; Nathaniel S., died near 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, being one of the pioneer 
stage men of our country and following the. busi- 
ness on the frontier until overtaken by the con- 
struction of the Burlington railroad when he 
made his home in Council Bluffs and called his 
work finished : \niic. who married John Borling, 
died in Greenville, Ohio; Mrs. Sarah Allen, died 
m Marion county, Indiana; Peter, died at Peobi- 
bilo, Mexico, a soldier in the Mexican war. 

( >zro Bates made his settlement, on beginning 
life, in Butler county, Ohio, where he followed 
the plow and wielded the cradle, and about six 
years later he migrated to Marion county, Indi- 
ana He lived on a new farm there for several, 
and then changed his location to Carroll 
county, Indiana, where he purchased a farm near 
Delphi, where he died on November 22, 1895. 
II' married Mary Hartman, a daughter of Henry 
Hart man. a farmer on the Susquehanna river in 
Pennsylvania, in an early day, but who finally 
settled in Wayne county, Indiana. Mary Bates 
died near Delphi, Indiana, the same year her hus- 
band passed awa) . 

Mr. Bates, of this review, is the second in a 
family of seven children, the others being: Na- 



thaniel S., of Renssalaer, Indiana; William M., 
of Delphi, and Susan, wife of John Brown, of 
Terre Haute, Indiana (the two latter children 
are twins); Smith, of Bates county, Missouri; 
Mary, who died at Delphi, married George Rohr- 
back, and Dr. Joseph W., of Broadripple, Indi- 
ana. 

With a country school education to equip him 
for life's duties, David H. Bates began the strug- 
gle as a farmer on a small farm in Jasper county, 
Indiana. After an experience of four years he 
embarked in the mercantile business at Remington 
and was so engaged until he decided to come to 
Texas, when he disposed of his interests and 
began the career of wandering in which we have 
already traced him. May 3, 1876, he married 
Rachel A. Hughes, a daughter of Michael 
Hughes from Gallatin county, Kentucky. Mr. 
Hughes' wife was Elizabeth Edwards, whose 
home is with her daughter in Henrietta. Mr. 
Hughes was born in Gallatin county, Kentucky, in 
1814 and died in 1871, while his wife was born in 
1826. The Hughes children were Margaret 
Mclntyre, who died in Indianapolis, Indiana ; 
Mary James, who died in Jackson county, Mis- 
souri, leaving five children, and Rachel, Mrs. 
Bates, born October 26, 1846. Nellie is the only 
child of Mr. and Mrs. Bates and her birth oc- 
curred February 2T, 1877. She is a close com- 
panion of her invalid mother and is a bright spot 
in the life of her worthy father. 

The Bates of this record are and have been 
Democrats, but he has at no time had aspirations 
for public office. David H. united with Odd 
Fellowship some years ago and his name is on the 
rolls of the Christian church. 

JOHN VIVIAN GOODE. For nearly fifteen 
years identified with the railroad and business in- 
terests of Fort Worth and Northwest Texas, 
Mr. J. V. Goode belonged among that class of 
energetic and forceful men of affairs who or- 
ganized, directed and gave permanency to Fort 
Worth during the most important epoch in its 
development. No one familiar with the history 
of this portion of the state fails to understand 
the vital connection between its railroads and its 
permanent prosperity, and it is among the former 
railway men of the city that Mr. Goode per- 
formed his leading part in affairs. 

Dying at the age of forty, on November 4, 
1903, Mr. Goode had engaged in the battle of 
life at an early age, and though his career ended 
before middle life it was none the less fruitful in 
permanent results. Born in Goochland county, 
Virginia, on December 31, 1863, ne was a son °f 
Dr. and Elizabeth Goode. Of cavalier Virginia 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



63 



ancestry, the Goode family has long been repre- 
sented in the professions and affairs of the Old 
Dominion, and Dr. Goode, who died in 1897, 
was a graduate of Yale University, later assistant 
under Dr. Draper in the Yale faculty, and on re- 
turning to Virginia settled on his father's planta- 
tion in Goochland county. It was on this old 
homestead that his youngest son, John Vivian, 
was born. The Civil war laid in desolation the 
Goode estate, and at its close Dr. Goode moved 
to Staunton in the same state. 

In Staunton the son John passed his childhood, 
though not altogether after the usual fashion of 
boys, for the fever of ambition and action seized 
him betimes and when only twelve years old he 
learned the complicated art of telegraphy. Such 
precocity could not escape the notice of those 
about him, and the fact that he was remarkably 
efficient procured him early advancement to re- 
sponsible position and decided him in his career 
of railroad service. As "boy operator" for the 
Western Union he became almost a celebrity in 
that part of the country, and at the age of fifteen 
he went west to Springfield, Illinois, where he was 
employed as train dispatcher for the Wabash, and 
when eighteen was chief dispatcher for that road. 
Following a period as train master for the Mis- 
souri Pacific Railroad, he came to Texas, in 1889, 
and as the incumbent, successively, of the posi- 
tions of train master, superintendent and general 
superintendent of the Fort Worth and Denver 
City Railway he was during the next eleven years 
one of the best known railroad men of North 
Texas. He was connected with the Denver road 
while it was still new and was establishing its line 
through the great country to the northwest, that 
being the most important Texas railroad after the 
Texas and Pacific. 

While in the railroad business Mr. Goode be- 
came connected with various business enterprises 
in Fort Worth, and the demands that these made 
upon him finally caused him to sever his con- 
nection with the railroad, that being in March, 
1 901. He and his partner, M. H. Mills then or- 
ganized the National Lumber Company at Fort 
Worth, and Mr. Goode became president. The 
organization of the Southern Tie and Lumber 
Treating Company followed soon after, and he 
likewise was president of that concern, whose 
plant was located at Texarkana. Retail branches 
of these enterprises were distributed at various 
points throughout Texas and Oklahoma, and the 
remarkable business capacity of Mr. Goode and 
his associates was shown in the rapid growth and 
extension of the business. 

May 18, 1898, as one of the brilliant social 
events of Fort Worth, Mr. Goode married Miss 



Joc-e Terrell, daughter of Capt. Joseph C. Ter- 
rell, whose prominence as a pioneer citizen of 
Fort Worth gives his name a place on nearly 
every page of its history. The one child of their 
union is John Vivian Goode, Jr. 

His connection with railroad and business af- 
fairs brought Mr. Goode the friendship and 
acquaintance of the leading men of the south, and 
by them he was held in the highest esteem both 
for his personality and the qualities which enabled 
him to accomplish so much during a short life- 
time. 

DAVID WALLACE HOLMES, M. D. The 
profession of medicine at Bellevue is represented 
by the able and thorough practitioner of the 
Eclectic school, Dr. D. W. Holmes, introduced as 
the subject of this personal review. Time has 
burdened him with but the age of middle life and 
experience has endowed him with a wide range 
of professional equipment, which is an assurance 
to his community of a normal pathological con- 
dition and a freedom from professional embar- 
rassment on account of the physical infirmities 
of age. 

While a settler of Texas of comparatively re- 
cent date, Dr. Holmes's tenure here warrants the 
claim that he is a Texan indeed, and his entry 
into the spirit of the common affairs of his town 
and community marks the permanence and sin- 
cerity of his citizenship. His advent to Clay 
county dates from October, 1892, at which time he 
opened his office in Bellevue and since which time 
he has had his ear to the public heartbeat. He 
had been a member of the profession but a year 
when Bellevue first knew him, and his former 
home, and the place of his origin and bringing-up, 
was in Carroll county, Tennessee. 

He was born at Lavinia, October 27, 1863, and 
his father's farm marked the place of his child- 
hood and youthful endeavor. His was one of the 
ancient families of the commonwealth of Tennes- 
see and it was founded in Carroll county by John 
Holmes, of Virginia. The latter was the great- 
grandfather of Dr. Holmes and his record was 
that of one of the early farmers of his county. 
He died about i860, and among his several 
children was John Holmes, grandfather of the 
subject of our review. The latter was born in 
18 1 5, followed the calling of his pioneer father 
and passed away in Carroll, his native county, in 
1888. He married Eliza McAlexander, and 
reared a family of three sons and five daughters. 
Of this family Lysander was the oldest and he 
was born in 1840. 

Lysander Holmes resides at Lavinia, Tennes- 
see, with the companion of his life, nee Helen 



6 4 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



McDougal, and. like his worthy ancestors, has 
been a tiller of the soil. During the Civil war 
he fought on the Confederate side, and while he 
has essayed no political ambition, or special en- 
thusiasm, Democratic principles have always re- 
ceived his endorsement and his modest support. 
Helen McDougal, his wife, was a daughter of 
John and Mollie (Hickman) McDougal, who can 
be termed "old-timers" of Carroll county, and of 
their nine children Helen was the seventh. 

Seven children constituted the issue of Ly- 
sander and Helen McDougal and David W., our 
subject, was the first born. The others were: 
Mollie, wife of Jesse McAlexander; Belle, wife 
of Ira Cunningham; Eliza, now Mrs. Lee Taylor; 
J. Roscoe ; Maggie, widow of Frank Noe; and 
William. All, save the doctor, are residents of 
their native county. 

Dr. Holmes had access to the public schools 
of his home county only for his literary training. 
He chose medicine for his life work when he 
attained his majority and began preparation for 
his profession in the office of an uncle, Dr. W. N. 
Holmes, of Milan, Tennessee. When qualified 
for college he entered the Eclectic Medical Insti- 
tute at Cincinnati. Ohio, where he graduated in 
i Si; i and inaugurated his career as a physician 
by a war's practice in the city of Jackson, in his 
native state. Soon after his arrival in Bellevue 
In- formed a partnership with Dr. J. J. L. Ball, 
whose removal from Bellevue in July, 1893, 
caused a dissolution of the firm, and since then 
I >r. I tolmes has pursued his profession alone. 

In Ins practice the doctor has had no specialties, 
devoting himself solely to the ills common to the 
countn and to the treatment of injuries the re- 
sult nf accidents such as occur in the course of 
years in the best regulated communities. In his 
capacity as an examiner he represents the New 
York Life fnsurance Company, the Mutual and 
the Equitable Life, the Penn Mutual, of Phila- 
delphia, and the See tin t\ Mutual, of Binghamp- 
ton, New York, the Manhattan Life, of New 
York, and Prudential, of Newark. Ww jersey. 

Februar) ,}. [892, Dr. Holmes was united in 
marriage, in Marshall county, Tennessee, with 
a daughter of James and Amanda 
1 Erwin) Anderson. Two children have Messed 
their union, the firsl born, a daughter, 1 [elen \.. 
horn December 30, [896, died May 10, [898, and 
the second, a son. David, Jr., was horn Oc- 
tobei 9, 1 000. 

In the matti i ol fraternities, Dr. I [olmes has 

had all the honors conferred by the old,, 

1 >dd Fellowship, having the subordinate and en 
ent degn es and having been a member of 
the Texas ( hand I 1 



JOHN F. SWAYNE, formerly active and 
prominent in official life of Tarrant county, a 
successful stockman, and one of the distin- 
guished citizens of Fort Worth, was born in 
Henderson county, Tennessee, July 31, 1850. 
His parents were James W. and Amanda J. 
(Henry) Swayne, and through both branches 
he is of excellent and famous ancestry. His 
father, a native Virginian, born November 6, 
1821, was of the noted family of Swaynes who 
have contributed so many distinguished citi- 
zens, especially to the legal profession. Former 
Associate Justice Swayne of the United States 
Supreme court was a brother of John Swayne's 
grandfather, while of those who have attained 
distinction in the law in later years might 
be mentioned Judge Swayne of Memphis. James 
W. Swayne, the father, who visited Texas in 
1849, without locating, however, died in 1856, 
at the age of thirty-five. His mother, Sarah 
Hite ( Parkins) Swayne, of Winchester, Virginia, 
was also a member of a prominent family, and 
herself a brilliant and talented woman. John F. 
Swayne's mother, who was born May 18, 1824, 
in South Carolina and died in Tennessee in 1857, 
aged thirty-three years, was a descendant of Pat- 
rick Henry. The parents were married July 8, 
1847. 

In keeping with the record of a family of 
so many of whose members joined the learned 
professions, Mr. Swayne received educational 
advantages on a par with the best offered in 
America at the time. His two years as a stu- 
dent of Washington and Lee University in Vir- 
ginia were spent when that noted institution 
was under the presidency of Robert E. Lee, 
and among the various mementoes which he 
retains of his life there is one he particularly 
prizes — an excuse from class duties on account 
of illness, written and signed by the former 
Confederate leader. Mr. Swayne came to Texas 
in 1869, but after teaching school for a year 
in Titus county returned to his former home 
in Lexington, Tennessee, where, having pursued 
his law studies in the meantime, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar. In 1872 he located perma- 
nently in Texas, and at Fort Worth became as- 
sociated as a law partner with Captain Joe Ter- 
rell, one of the historic characters of this city. 
Business and active identification with affairs 
proved more attractive to Mr. Swayne as a 
field of effort than the law, and he soon re- 
signed his active practice and began dealing in 
real estate. On the organization of the city 
in [873 he was elected the first city secretary, 
and since that time has figured often and promi- 
nently in public life. In 1875 he went west for 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND. WEST TEXAS. 



65 



a short time, and in those early days began his 
experience in the cattle business. After serving 
for some time as deputy he was elected clerk of 
Tarrant county in 1880, and, thrice re-elected, 
served altogether eight years in that capacity, 
leaving the office in 1888. After this official 
career he resumed real estate and cattle busi- 
ness and this has been his principal line of ac- 
tivity ever since. The hard times following the 
panic of 1893 made serious inroads into his 
fortune, as he at that time held large blocks of 
Fort Worth realty, which suffered a great 
shrinkage of values during the financial depres- 
sion. For several years Mr. Swayne has been 
well known for his stock-raising enterprise, his 
herd of registered Jersey cattle containing some 
splendid specimens, and his success in this line 
gives him a prominent place among the stock- 
men of this city. 

Mr. Swayne was married in 1874 to Miss 
May Hendricks, the daughter of Judge H. G. 
Hendricks, in his day one of the most eminent 
citizens of Fort Worth. A native of Missouri, 
he was a lawyer by profession and one of the 
pioneers of the profession in Texas. He lived 
for several years at Sherman, Grayson county, 
and later moved to Fort Worth, where he died 
in March, 1873. He was one of the original 
donators who had contributed money for the 
building of the Texas and Pacific Railway to 
Fort Worth, the consummation of which work 
did not take place, however, until three years 
after Judge Hendricks' death. - In his practice 
he had been a partner of Peter Smith and also 
of Major Jarvis, and was noted everywhere for 
his high-minded citizenship and integrity of char- 
acter. Of good ancestry, he was a relative of 
Vice President Hendricks of Indiana. 

Also through her mother Mrs. Swayne belongs 
to a noted family. Her mother, Eliza A. Evarts, 
who was a member of the same familv to which 
the distinguished William M. Evarts of New 
York belonged, died in Fort Worth in 1894. Pre- 
vious to her death she built the splendid Worth 
hotel as a memorial to her husband, and left 
a valuable estate besides. The children who 
survived her, besides Mrs. Swayne, were Harry, 
Wallace, George and Mrs. Sallie Huffman. With 
ancestry direct to Revolutionary heroes, Mrs. 
Swayne is prominent in the work of the Patriotic 
Order of the Daughters of the Revolution, being 
regent of Mary Isham Keith Chapter at Fort 
Worth. Her ancestry also goes back to the his- 
toric Miles Standish, she being in the seventh 
remove from that ancestor. As a pioneer in 
women's club work at Fort Worth she has also 
been very prominent, and organized and for four 



years was president of the Woman's Wednes- 
day Club of Fort Worth, which is probably the 
most important woman's club in Texas, its liter- 
ary and philanthropic work being carried out 
on a large scope. Mr. and Mrs. Swayne have 
two children: Mrs. Mattie Swayne Moffett and 
Mary Newton Swayne. 

Hon. James W. Swayne, who for several 
years has been a prominent lawyer and citizen 
of Fort Worth, having served some time as 
county attorney, is a brother of Mr. John F. 
Swayne. The former is at present engaged 
in the oil business in Louisiana. 

JAMES A. BURGESS. April 9, 1859, the 
subject of this personal mention was born near 
St. John, New Brunswick, from which place he 
migrated, in the early years of his majority, 
eventually reaching Texas and establishing him- 
self in business in Bowie. The wanderings which 
finally terminated in the Lone Star state in 1884 
took him over a wide region of our common 
country and sufficed to gratify an ambitious long- 
ing for "seeing the world" and contributed much 
to his contentment when he finally settled down. 

Mr. Burgess' business connection with Bowie 
dates from July, 1889, when he embarked in the 
lumber trade in the city. He had been in Texas 
then five years, having opened a lumber yard in 
Joshua, Johnson county, in March, 1884. The 
panic of 1893 worked a hardship on lumber deal- 
ers all over the country and Mr. Burgess closed 
out his yard in Bowie, with considerable shrink- 
age, and during the interim between his business 
exit and his return, in the spring of 1895, he was 
variously employed in lumber yards elsewhere 
and in other matters, going into the furniture 
business with Z. M. Wilson in Bowie ; then his 
former lumber partner, B. S. Pollard, succeeded 
Mr. Wilson and the twain did business together 
till the year 1900, when it sold out and Mr. 
Burgess joined D. H. Sigmon in the undertaking 
business, the only establishment doing an ex- 
clusive undertaking business in Bowie, and in 
the spring of 1905 Mr. Burgess bought out his 
partner, D. H. Sigmon, and now conducts the 
business himself. 

Recurring to Mr. Burgess' place of birth, we 
find it the home of the Burgess family since the 
forepart of the nineteenth century. William 
Burgess, our subject's grandfather, was a native 
of Gaxhill, Yorkshire, England, where he married 
Mercy Beauhom. A few years subsequent to 
their marriage they emigrated and took up their 
residence in the country about St. John, New 
Brunswick, where their lives were spent in pas- 
toral pursuits. Their children were: Robert 



66 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



P., father of our subject, and William, who died 
without heirs. 

Robert P. Burgess' birth occurred in 1818, in the 
vicinity of St. John, and, while he owned a farm 
and reared his family upon it, he was a carriage- 
maker and he actively followed his trade. He 
was united in marriage with Margaret McLeod, 
a daughter of William and Jemimah (Littlejohn) 
McLeod. From boyhood Mr. McLeod served in 
the English navy and was on the transport which 
took Gen. Wellington across the English channel 
to win the battle of Waterloo. He afterward, in 
the closing years of his active life, took his family 
to New Brunswick where, near St. John, he and 
his wife lie buried. 

Robert P. and Margaret Burgess were the 
parents of: Mary B., wife of A. C. Smith, of 
Boston, Massachusetts; Jemimah M., widow of 
Andrew Kee, of St. John, New Brunswick ; Wil- 
liam, who died in Laguna, New Mexico, leaving a 
family ; Robert, of Kingston, New Brunswick ; 
J. Charles, of Parsons, Kansas ; James A., of this 
notice; and Alfred E., of St. John, New Bruns- 
wick. 

James A. Burgess grew up on the farm and 
about his father's carriage shop and acquired a 
fair education in the common schools. At 
eighteen years of age he began the serious side of 
life, among his first acts being his trip from 
St. John to Navajo Springs, Arizona, a journey 
diagonally across the United States and embrac- 
ing some four thousand miles. There he joined 
his brothers as a cowboy on their ranch and in 
this vocation he remained some three years. Go- 
ing next to Parsons. Kansas, he took a clerkship 
in a grocery but a short time later went into the 
employ of the M. K. and T. Railway Company, 
finally becoming a fireman. Concluding this ser- 
vice he came to Texas and established himself 
in the lumber business, as previously noted. 

Mr. Burgess first married, July 7, 1887, Amelia 
B. Marley, daughter of Dan and Elizabeth Mar- 
ley, of Oak Point, New Brunswick. She died 
March 20, 1889, at Parsons, Kansas. One child 
was horn and died in California at the age of six 
months. 

4, 1892, in Montague county, Mr. Burgess 
married Miss Jessie M. Alsabrook, a daughter 
of James M. and Laura (Stallings) Alsabrook, 
who came to Texas from Alabama. Mr. and 
Mrs. Burgess' children are Robert L. and Alleen. 
Mr. Burgess has exemplified his thrifty ten- 
dencj m Bowie by the accumulation of some of 
I estate and in the improvement of a home 
on Wise street he has contributed toward the 
city's internal development. Although a Repub- 
lican in national politics, his neighbors and friends 



— strong Democrats though they are — have 
chosen him to represent them on the common 
council from the Second Ward and in many other 
ways has he felt the assurance of their sincere 
confidence. In Masonic work he has taken the 
chapter degree and in Pythianism he is one of 
the brave. 

JOHN J. GOODFELLOW, county surveyor 
of Tarrant county, with his home in Fort Worth, 
has a unique record as a county official. He 
has been identified with the county surveyor's 
office almost continuously for a quarter of a cen- 
tury ante-dating all present officials of the 
county. With the exception of two years he has 
been continuously in the position of county sur- 
veyor since 1888, and his record is in all points a 
most enviable one. 

Mr. Goodfellow was born in Randolph county, 
Missouri, in 1856, his birthplace being on his 
father's farm, which was situated adjoining 
where the city of Moberly has since grown up, at 
that time there being nothing there except the 
railroad section house. Mr. Goodfellow's parents 
were Moses and Nancy (Beale) Goodfellow. The 
father, who was born in Meigs county, Ohio, in 
1820, in 1841 became an early settler of Ran- 
dolph county, Missouri, and in i860, having 
traded for two hundred and five acres of land in 
Tarrant county, moved to this part of Texas and 
became one of the first settlers. His residence 
was near the eastern line of Tarrant county, and, 
as a successful farmer and public-spirited citizen, 
made that his home till his death, which occurred 
in October, 1897, when seventy-seven years of 
age. The place is still known as the Goodfellow 
homestead, as Mrs. Nancy Goodfellow, the 
mother, whose native state was Kentucky, still 
lives there, aged seventy-seven years, and is in 
good health. 

Reared on the old homestead and receiving his 
early education in the common schools, Mr. 
Goodfellow made his preparations for a career 
by completing a surveying and engineering 
course at Palmyra Institute. He continued to 
make his home on the paternal farm until 1880, 
having during 1879-80 taught one term of school, 
and then was appointed to a position in the sur- 
veyor's office, under Surveyor W. G. Finley, 
now deceased. With the exception of the two 
years from 1896 to 1898 he has been in the sur- 
veyor's office ever since, either as deputy or 
county surveyor, and no other county official can 
show such a long and continuous record. In 
1887 he was appointed as county surveyor to fill 
a vacancy, in the following year was elected to 
the office and has been re-elected every two years, 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



67 



with the exception of the one term mentioned 
above. Besides his work as county surveyor he 
has done and still does a large amount of sur- 
veying for outside parties in Tarrant and other 
counties, he being a most capable representative 
of his profession. 

While he makes his home in Fort Worth, Mr. 
Goodfellow owns a fine place of a thousand acres 
in Tarrant county, sixteen miles north of Fort 
Worth, known as the "Goodfellow Timber Re- 
serve." This is one of the beautiful spots in the 
county, with a combination of forest and lake 
and farm that make it an attractive resort, espe- 
cially in the summer time. He here conducts a 
hog, goat and cattle ranch, does some miscel- 
laneous farming, and the lake is stocked with 
black bass. 

Fraternally Mr. Goodfellow is a member of 
Woodmen Lodge No. 2, at Fort Worth. He mar- 
ried Miss Lou Swann, of Arlington, this county, 
and their five children are: Olive, Lillian, Eulah, 
John J., Jr., and Louise, all at home. 

WILLIAM LEANDER DONNELL AND 
THOMAS F. DONNELL. The brothers who 
form the subject of this article have been con- 
spicuously identified with the- material affairs of 
Young countv for so long that it seems they 
ought to be classed among its pioneers, yet they 
were not here when the county was reorganized 
and, consequently, as merely early settlers and as 
leading citizens in an industrial way do they de- 
rive their chief distinction. 

The lives of William L. and Thomas F. Don- 
nell have been so closely allied from birth to the 
present that what may be said of one may be as- 
sumed of the other, and when a business ven- 
ture is attributed to William his brother Thomas 
can be counted as bearing an equal share in it. 
Their successes and reverses have been borne to- 
gether and their combined judgments have di- 
rected a way which has led to masterly achieve- 
ments in the domain of their life work. They 
have been both civilian and soldier and whether 
in the pursuit of trade or in the chase of the ene- 
my the same determination to succeed and the 
same devotion to cause has ever spurred them on. 

The Donnell family, father and sons, came to 
Texas from Hickory county, Missouri, in 1865, 
to escape the dangers incident to a mixed and 
hostile political sentiment engendered in south- 
ern Missouri on account of the Civil war. They 
settled in Hopkins county, Texas, where our sub- 
jects engaged in the tannery business in a small 
way, making it a success and winning the capital 
with which to establish themselves in the business 
of milling, ginning and farming, in Hunt county, 



beginning with 1867. They remained in Hunt 
county for a period of ten years, converted their 
real property into cash, and driving, in 1877, a 
bunch of cattle into Young county, where they 
had decided to establish their future home. 

A previous investigation decided them to locate 
on the Clear Fork river, where one hundred and 
sixty acres of land was pre-empted, the nucleus 
of their present ranch. Having been millers and 
discerning - the advantages of a grist-mill in their 
new location they acquired a site and constructed 
a dam and erected a small burr mill on the pres- 
ent site of Eliasville, the first structure in the 
village. The building and rebuilding of the dam 
across Clear Fork and the erection of the mill 
and its equipment, first with burr machinery and 
then with rolls, necessitated an expenditure of 
many thousand dollars, but the expectations of 
its proprietors have been met and the plant still 
does service in proportion to the supply of grain 
raised in their locality. 

In the early time the brothers established a 
store near the mill, but they parted with this 
when their cattle industry demanded. In the 
early eighties they engaged in merchandising 
with Childress Brothers in Terrell, Texas, Thom- 
as F. Donnell representing the brothers in the 
active conduct of the store. They closed this out 
also, and the promotion of their stock interests 
ever afterward occupied them. 

In their stock venture in Young county our 
subjects achieved marked and gratifying results. 
Their herd increased satisfactorily, from year to 
year, and while the range was still open its grassy 
sward was accessible to them without money and 
without price. First they counted their cattle 
by the hundreds and then by the thousands and, 
in 1886, ten thousand head was not too large an 
estimate to place on Donnell brothers' stock 
branded with "P.S." While they built up 
rapidly and became strong and noted in 
their sphere they had visitations of misfortune, 
and nothing so staggered them as their losses the 
year of "the big die" — 1885-6. This event fol- 
lowed close upon the historic drought of that 
time, and it laid low something like forty per cent 
of their entire herd. With energy and determina- 
tion characteristic of them they took a little firmer 
grip on the situation and recuperated, in a great 
measure, the financial embarrassments they met 
that year. 

The Donnell brothers' ranch occupies a vast 
territory on the waters of Clear Fork, compris- 
ing four thousand acres of land under their 
ownership and three thousand acres under lease, 
which, allowing ten acres to the cow, supports 



8 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



seven hundred head of stock, their present herd's 
size. 

The Donnell brothers were born in Wilson 
county, Tennessee ; William Leander October 25, 
1836, and Thomas F., September 21, 1838. James 
Donnell, their father, was a native of the same 
county and was born in 1812. The grandfather 
of our subjects was John Donnell, who emigrated 
from South Carolina, where his birth occurred 
aboul 1 71 h . to Wilson county, Tennessee, follow- 
ing or accompanying his family on into Missouri 
in 1 84 1 and dying there twenty years later. He 
was a farmer and married a Miss Davidson, by 
whom were born: James, Newton, who died in 
Missouri ; William, who passed away in Denton 
county, Texas ; Alfred, who left a family at his 
death in Gravson county, Texas; Samuel, of 
Irondale, Missouri; Cynthia, who married a 
Thompson and died in Denton county, Texas ; 

married James Young and left a family in 
Grayson county at her death, and Martha married 
an Alexander and passed away in Hickory coun- 
ty, Missouri. 

James Donnell prospered as a farmer in Hick- 
ory county, Missouri, acquired a large body of 
land, had many slaves and was regarded among 
the county's leading men. He enlisted in the Con- 
federate service along with three sons and, not- 
withstanding his advanced years, he filled the 
place of a young man and did as valiant service 
for the cause as his capacity would permit. For 
his first wife he married Julia Waters, a daugh- 
ter of Shealey Waters, a Tennessee farmer, who 
emigrated there from Virginia. Mrs. Donnell 
Hied in Hickory county, Missouri, in 1852, being 
ili> mother of Leo W.. who died in the Confeder- 

my; William L. and Thomas F. our sub- 
lames Donnell married, the second time, 
Martha V Foster, a daughter of Mr. Doke. She 
died in Hunt county, Texas, in 1877, while her 
1 passed away at the home of his sons in 
bruary 28, 1879. Ry their union 
a daughter, Julia A., was born, who married 

1 Bellah and died in Hunt county. 
I he countr) schools provided William L. and 
Thomas F. Donnell with a modest education, and 
aboul the time they came of age (hey embarked 
in mercantile pursuits in Hermitage, Missouri. 
The) were thus connected in a business way 
when the war came on. an. I lhe\ closed i1 out and 
i luii- services to the South. Company D, 
i Infantry, commanded by Cap- 
tain Feast r and Co rns, was the company 
ami regiment the Father and sons joined, and i't 
served in Parsons' Brigade, in the Trans-Missis- 
sippi Department, ["hey fought at Pea Ridge, 
Helena, Cane Mill. Jenkins' Ferry, Pleasant Hill 



and Mansfield, where the Missouri troops stopped 
and later fought the Jenkins' Ferry engagement. 
The command moved down Red river and saw no 
more active service and the company was paroled 
at Shrevesport at the close of the war. Thomas 
F. Donnell became a lieutenant of his company 
and received a wound at Pleasant Hill, but Wil- 
liam L. persistently declined honors above a pri- 
vate and passed through the ordeal without acci- 
dent or casualty. 

Thomas F. Donnell married in 1861 Miss Fan- 
nie Robinson, a daughter of R. I. Robinson. She 
died in Terrell, Texas, leaving children as fol- 
lows: Emma, wife of I. A. Morgan; William, 
Leo, Charles, Alvin and Homer, all Young coun- 
ty farmers and connected with the Donnell ranch 
and farm. William L. Donnell married in Hop- 
kins county, Texas, March 17, 1866, Miss Sallie 
Robinson, a daughter of R. I. Robinson. While 
they have not been blessed with issue, Mr. and 
Mrs. Donnell have done much toward the bring- 
ing up of their brother's family and reared two 
orphan children of the Snow family, one of 
whom, Mrs. Sallie DeLong, of Eliasville, still 
survives. 

Before the rebellion James Donnell and sons 
were numbered among the able and financially 
independent people of Hickory county, Missouri. 
As a result of the war they were left in compara- 
tive poverty and began life anew when they came 
to Texas. Here the surviving sons led off and 
made substantial progress from the start and the 
several enterprises with which they have been 
connected have achieved marked success. They 
have had nothing to do with politics, but have 
given active and substantial support to church 
work and are members of the Presbyterian or- 
ganization, the church home of their worthy an- 
cestors. 

CHARLES R. BARKDULL. Among the 
employes of the Fort Worth & Denver Railroad 
who have served the station at Henrietta the sub- 
ject of this notice holds the record of having 
given the longest continuous service, his long 
tenure of position being ample evidence of the 
confidence in which his company holds him. Al- 
though his appointment as agent dates from Janu- 
ary, 1903, his connection with the station as its 
operator began in 1890 and the relations of both 
employer and employe seem to be mutually pleas- 
urable. 

Mr. Barkdull came to Texas in December, 
1879, from New Orleans, Louisiana, a cripple 
and alone and without a profession or influential 
friends. He stopped at Fort Worth, secured a 
place where he could learn telegraphv and when 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



69 



he was able for work on the line was sent out to 
Wills Point by the T. & P. Railway as its oper- 
ator. A few months afterward he was recalled to 
Fort Worth to take a position in the freight office 
of the same company and remained there until 
he took charge of the station at Benbrook as its 
agent. In August, 1882, he went to Work for the 
G. C. & S. F. Railway in Fort Worth and was 
with the company there till August of 1883. In 
November, 1886, he was sent to Justin as agent 
and terminated his services with it there two 
years later. After a visit to New Orleans and 
Florida he took work with the Fort Worth & 
Denver road and was sent to Henrietta as oper- 
ator and cashier. 

East Feliciana parish, Louisiana, was the birth- 
place of Charles R. Barkdull and the date Was 
December 18, i860. His father, Enoch J. Bark- 
dull, identified himself with the south prior to the 
war and became a well known factor in Repub- 
lican politics during and after the reconstruction 
period. His early life had been passed as a mer- 
chant in Akron and Massillon, Ohio, and he em- 
barked in business at Jackson, Louisiana. He 
went south in 1858, and in a few years his pri- 
vate fortune was wrecked by the mercantile route 
and after the war, and for many years, he was 
an emplove of the custom house in New Orleans. 
He died in 1890 in New Orleans at the age of 
seventy-two years of age. His birthplace was in 
Ohio and his ancestors were of German blood. 
The names of Barkdull, Barksdale and Barkdoll 
are all from the same origin, the change in the 
spelling occurring to suit the fancy or taste of 
some careless and indifferent member of the fam- 
ily. 

Enoch J. Barkdull married Olive Robinson, 
born in Montpelier, Vermont, in 1820, and died 
in New Orleans in 1872. Their children were: 
Emma, who died in Henrietta, Texas, in 1892 as 
Mrs. George Goodwin ; Laura, now Mrs. Everest 
Blanc, of New -Orleans ; Augustus and Enoch, 
Jr., of Chicago; Olive, who died as Mrs. W. F. 
Faulkner,' of Fort Worth; Lucien H., of Chi- 
cago ; Charles R. and John W., of New Orleans. 

Charles R. Barkdull was educated in the city 
schools of New Orleans. Between five and six 
years of age he was run over by a street car and 
both his legs taken off below the knee, and was 
probably the first child to lose both feet in such 
an accident. He was about again in six months 
and was for a time in the employ of Dr. Bly, of 
New Orleans, in his artificial leg factory, as an 
advertisement for the place. He seems to have 
had no serious intentions on or thought about the 
world until near his twentieth year, when he left 



New Orleans and cast his lot with Texas and the 
west. 

December 12, 1880, Mr. Barkdull married Rose 
Caldwell, a daughter of John Caldwell, of Zanes- 
ville, Ohio. Mrs. Barkdull met her future hus- 
band while on a visit to Fort Worth. The issue 
of their marriage are : Olive, deceased ; Elise, 
wife of Frank Davis of Fort Worth ; Earl, Rose, 
Charles, Jr., Inez, Laura and Lois, all still with 
the family circle. 

FRANK M. ROGERS, secretary, treasurer 
and manager of the Medlin Milling Company, 
one of the leading institutions of this section of 
the state, was born in Henderson, Texas, and 
in the place of his nativity was reared and re- 
ceived his early training. When but a boy of 
twelve years he began clerking in a grocery store 
in Henderson, thus continuing for about a year 
or two, when he again entered the school room. 
On reaching the age of sixteen years he became 
a salesman in a dry goods store in Henderson, 
spending- six years in that capacity, while for the 
two subsequent years he was engaged in travel- 
ing, and then embarked in the same line of trade 
for himself in Henderson. It was while conduct- 
ing his dry goods store there that he became in- 
terested in the milling business at Wolfe City, the 
latter, however, at that time being only a sec- 
ondary consideration. 

The Medlin Mills had been established at 
Wolfe City by a stock company in 1900, com- 
posed of a few business men of the town and 
farmers, who went into it as a matter of public 
enterprise with a view of making the town a bet- 
ter grain market and increasing its growth in a 
business way generally. Like most new indus- 
tries, however, it underwent some difficulties in 
getting its business established, so much so that 
the personnel of the stockholders was almost 
wholly changed within the first eight months of 
its existence. At a critical time in the life of the 
institution Mr. J. H. Blocker and Mr. Rogers 
became identified with the management of the 
company, at the same time becoming the owners 
of the principal part of the stock. These two gen- 
tlemen have? successfully pushed the business to 
the front, enjoying a magnificent trade and in- 
creasing its capital from time to time. In May, 
1904, the capital was increased to two hundred 
thousand dollars, and the general office moved to 
Fort Worth. The company owns and operates 
the White Wolf Mills, at' Wolfe City, with a 
daily capacity of five hundred barrels of flour 
and meal. The success of the business has been 
phenomenal, and not only has the capital of the 
institution grown by leaps and bounds, but the 



7° 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



success of the business has been equally as re- 
markable. White Wolf flour has a reputation 
that stands alone as the finished product of the 
millers' art. The mills have never attempted to 
cover a wide territory, finding it unnecessary to 
go outside their immediate section, but such a 
demand has been created for the products of the 
institution that in 1904 the management deter- 
mined on increasing the capacity by the building 
of a new and entirely separate plant, which is 
11 in every particular, lending every facility 
for the economical manipulation and handling of 
both «rain and its products. The capacity of this 
plant, in addition to that at Wolfe City, will give 
to the company a daily capacity of twenty-five 
hundred barrels, finished products, a grain stor- 
age capacity of four hundred thousand bushels 
and warehouse space of over twenty thousand 
square feet, enabling them to store two hun- 
dred carloads of finished products. 

As above stated, the success of the company 
is largely due to Messrs. Blocker and Rogers. 
When the present stockholders became the own- 
ers of the company it was these two gentlemen 
and their associates who took the bulk of the 
stock and have successfully conducted it through 
the troubled waters. Mr. Blocker is the president 
of the company, while Mr. Rogers is its secre- 
tary treasurer and general manager. His wide 
experience in a commercial way has ably adapted 
him for the position he now holds. He has the 
entire management of the company, ably sup- 
ported by a board of five directors, and has 
thrown around him a corps of young men who 
have assisted largely in the success of the insti- 
tution. Mr. Rogers maintains his home in Fort 
Worth. He is a member of the Board of Trade, 
of the order of Elks and other local organiza- 
and is a thorough-going and enterprising 
business man. 

Me was married twelve years ago, in 1893, to 
Miss Gladney, and they have two children, James 
T. and Lillian, both in school. 

J. \\\ BLACKSTOCK, following farming in 
int.. was born in northern Georgia, No- 
.;, i860, his parents being "R. W. and 
Cornelia (Whitsett) Blackstock, the former a 
native of Georgia and the latter of North Caro- 
lina. His paternal grandfather, William Black- 
was a planter and miller and was of Irish 
descent. His entire life was spent in Georgia. 
wh< i' lie was widely known and highly respected, 
his integritj and honor being above reproach. 
In his famil) were the following named: James, 
.1 noted Baptisl minister of Georgia ; R. \\". ; La- 
fayette; Jasper Lafayette, who came to Texas 



and was a teacher, merchant, chorister in his 
church and a prominent man ; Eliza J., the wife 
of J. Russell, and Mrs. Montgomery. 

R. W. Blackstock was reared in the state of 
his nativity, learned the milling business in con- 
nection with his father, and also followed mer- 
chandizing. Becoming a soldier of the Confed- 
erate army in the Civil War, he sustained a wound 
in battle. Previous to the war he had been a 
slave owner and he was a very prominent and 
influential citizen of his community. In 1870 
he removed from Georgia to Arkansas, where 
he purchased a farm and thereon made his home 
for thirteen years. Fie then sold that property 
and came to Texas, settling at Dodd City, where 
he lived retired up to the time of his death, 
which occurred in 1894, when he was seventy- 
six years of age. He was a consistent member 
of the Baptist church and he also belonged to 
the Masonic fraternity. His wife, who died in 
1903, at the age of seventy-six years, was a 
daughter of Moses Whitsett of North Carolina, 
a well-to-do farmer and influential resident of his 
community. He died in the old North state 
and his wife removed to Georgia after dividing 
her slaves among her children. There she lived 
retired until her death. The members of the 
Whitsett family were : Mrs. Jane Harris ; Mrs. 
Cornelia Blackstock; Angeline, deceased; James, 
who served as captain in the Confederate army; 
Joseph, who also commanded a company of Con- 
federate troops ; and Moses, who served as a 
private in the Confederate army. By the sec- 
ond marriage of the mother there were two 
children : Augustus Ray and Henry, who were 
likewise Confederate soldiers. 

Richard W. Blackstock had a family of eleven 
children: Mary Angeline, the wife of L. Thorn- 
ton ; Mrs. Nancv Turner ; Dorinda, who died 
in childhood ; Henry and William, who also 
passed away in early youth ; Augustus, who 
died at the age of sixteen years ; J. W., of this 
review ; Joseph, John and Thomas, all of whom 
are residents of Texas ; and Mrs. Fannie B. Will- 
iams. 

J. W. Blackstock, born in Georgia, removed 
with his parents to Arkansas and remained un- 
der the parental roof up to the time of his 
marriage. His education was of a practical 
character and he was reared to farm life. In 
1880 he began operating the homestead farm, 
which he continued until 1882, when he came 
to Texas, settling first in Montague county. 
r here he rented land, on which he lived for 
1 years, after which he removed to Jones 
county and again rented a farm for two years. 
On the expiration of that period he returned 




J. W. BLACKSTOCK 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



7* 



to Hunt county, where he spent two years and 
then again went to Jones county. In September, 
1893, ne took up his abode in Clay county, where 
he rented a farm and later purchased an adjoin- 
ing tract of land, on which he continued until 
December, 1903. He then sold out and pur- 
chased where he now resides, becoming owner 
of three hundred and eighty-one acres of fine 
land in the valley of the Big Wichita river. It 
is beautifully situated and he has erected there- 
on a commodious residence which stands on 
a natural building site, so that he is able to 
command an excellent view of his farm and 
surrounding country. At the time of his pur- 
chase only a portion of the land was under cul- 
tivation but he has since made many substantial 
improvements, has carried on the work of clear- 
ing and cultivating the soil and has an excel- 
lent farm. He may well be termed a self-made 
man, for his prosperity has come as the direct 
result of consecutive effort, indefatigable pur- 
pose and strong determination. He is rated with 
the best farmers of the county and his place 
is valuable and productive. 

Mr. Blackstock was united in marriage to Miss 
Sallie M. Whitaker, who was born in Tennes- 
see in 1864 and is a daughter of F. M. and Par- 
lie (Graves) Whitaker, the former a native of 
North Carolina and the latter of Tennessee. Her 
father followed the occupation of farming as 
a life work and at the time of the Civil War he 
put aside business and personal considerations 
in order to become a member of the Confederate 
army. In 1880 he removed to Arkansas, where 
he purchased a farm, and two years later he 
sold out there and came to Texas, settling in 
Jones county, where he yet resides, being a 
prominent agriculturist and highly respected 
citizen of his community. He is a consistent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church and 
he and his wife are now enjoying the comforts 
of life that come as the reward of well directed 
labor in former years. In their family were 
the following named : Lewis, a resident farmer 
of Arkansas, Sallie May, now Mrs. Blackstock; 
Mrs. Elizabeth Colwell ; William, who is en- 
gaged in merchandising in New Mexico ; Mrs. 
Maggie Woodson; Mrs. Nelly Howard, and 
Mrs. Violet Blackburn. 

Mr. and Mrs. Blackstock have had five chil- 
dren, but Curon died at the age of two years, 
while the second child died in infancy, and Ada 
also passed away at the age of two years. Edith 
B., who was born June 29, 1885, and Harry, 
born August 16, 1888, are at home. Mrs. Black- 
stock is a member of the Methodist church. Mr. 
Blackstock is a Mason in the Blue lodge. He is 



interested in many progressive public measures 
and has co-operated in various movements which 
have contributed to the general good. His life 
stands in exemplification of the fact that in- 
dustry and careful management constitute the 
basis of success, for it is by the exercise of these 
qualities that he has gained a place among the 
substantial farmers of the county. 

SELDON JASPER MILLER. In the sub- 
ject of this notice we are presented with a de- 
scendant of one of the veterans of the Texas 
Revolution, John Miller and a nephew of 
Sam Miller, a San Jacinto veteran as well as 
an Indian fighter of "his early day. The state of 
Alabama gave to the struggling Republic of Tex- 
as the Miller brothers, William, Samuel and John, 
and when Texas independence had been consum- 
mated and peace established they settled near the 
eastern border, where they pursued their favorite 
vocations, reared families and died, William in 
Anderson and Samuel in Rusk county. John 
Miller was a lieutenant in the Texas Revolution. 
He acquired a headright from Texas, as all veter- 
ans did, and the Iron Eye country of Anderson 
county witnessed his permanent settlement in the 
Republic he helped to establish. He was a mill- 
wright and cabinet workman and the sphere of 
his usefulness was confined to the region in which 
he spent his last years. He married in that coun- 
ty, in 1843, Mrs. Eliza Eason, widow of Mills 
Eason and a daughter of the pioneer, William 
Adams, from Tennessee. The latter set- 
tled in Anderson county and died there, after 
rearing a family of nine children. There are no 
descendants of Mills and Eliza Eason, but John 
Miller and his wife were the parents of John T., 
who died in the Confederate service in 1861 ; 
Amanda D., wife of J. B. Duvall, of Newport, 
Texas; Seldon J., our subject, and Garrett L., 
who passed away in Clay county. The father of 
these children died in 185 1. The mother married 
then John Hassell, who died in Anderson county 
without children, and Mrs. Hassell then married 
William Box and died in Anderson county in 
1872. 

Seldon J. Miller was born in Anderson county, 
Texas, February 20, 1847, twelve miles east of 
Palestine. Farm life knew him in boyhood and 
the primitive facilities for an education prevented 
anything more than the most meager training in 
school. In 1863 he entered the Confederate army, 
enlisting in Louisiana, where he joined Green's 
Brigade. His company was I of the Seventh Tex- 
as Cavalry, Captain Horn and Colonel Huffman. 
Mr. Miller fought in the battles of Mansfield and 
Pleasant Hill and spent his last year in Arkansas 



72 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



and Louisiana. He left Kechi hospital for home 
following Lee's surrender and made his home 
chiefly in Cherokee county until his settlement in 
central Texas. In 1864, in Mississippi, his regi- 
ment in one battle was pitted against a regiment 
of colored troops, which, when the fight ended, 
had been annihilated, all killed but one. 

Beginning life as a citizen, Mr. Miller worked 
for a time for wages in a sawmill and as a car- 
penter in Palestine. Having accumulated some 
cash he established himself in the family grocery 
business in Mustang Mills, Johnson county, and 
after conducting the store a time he sold it on 
time and the purchaser finally robbed him of the 
debt. Being much reduced in resources he beg'an 
life anew on a farm in Johnson county, and the 
next year bought a tract of school land in Parker 
county — Leon county land — and he undertook its 
reduction and improvement. From 1876 to 1879 
he was identified with stock and the farm in 
Parker county and in 1879 ne brought the pro- 
ceeds of the sale of his farm to Clay county and 
purchased a place on Ten Mile Prairie, on the 
Buffalo and Newport road, in the neighborhood 
of Liberty school house. He was a resident of 
that community until 1900, when he again sold 
and moved to his location three miles northeast 
of Vashti. His farm of two hundred and forty 
acres lies in the fertile zone of North Texas and 
1- adjacent to Bowie, and is in the midst of a 
strong moral and intelligent community. General 
farming has received his attention and his efforts 
in Claj county have placed him in material inde- 
pendence. v 

Mr. .Miller married in Johnson county Decem- 
ber 3, [874, Ava L., a daughter of Frank Gunn, 
a 1 ieorgia settler who came to Texas subsequent 
to the Civil war. Mrs. Miller was born in Butts 
county, Georgia, August 28, 1857. Mr. Gunn 
married Martha A. Barnes and died in Hillsboro 
in February, [901. They were the parents of: 
I. in- C, wife of I. M. Stillwell, of Hood county, 
[pas; Joseph \\ .. of Newport, Texas; Emma, 
i James Castleberry, San Angelo; Daniel 
( >■■ "i Bosque count) : \va I., and Zaluta E., who 
married Samuel Reed, of Hillsboro. Mr. Miller's 
first wife, whom he married in Cherokee county. 
was Mary E. Guttry, who died, leaving a daugh- 
ter. Sarah E., wife of Charles Yearv. of Amaril- 
lo. I hi issue -I Mr. and Mrs. Miller are: Lulu 
E., wife of James Standerfer, of Washita county, 
Oklahoma, with children, John S.. Fstellc. Leta, 
nd Kiitie : |o] m l\. the second child, died 
hi years : Edwin P., of Cla\ county, is mar- 
^ddie Mien and lias a son, Earl E. ; Wil- 
liam I', and ( liarles ( 'laude. 



WALTER T. MADDOX. No citizen of Fort 
Worth is more widely known. or highly regarded 
than Walter T. Maddox. He was born in Troop 
county, Georgia, being a son of Colonel W. A. 
and Mary A. Mays) Maddox, whose history 
will be found on other pages of this work. The 
son Walter was about four years old when taken 
by his parents to Claiborne parish, Louisiana, 
being there reared on a plantation, and before 
reaching his eighteenth year enlisted in the Con- 
federate army as a cavalryman in the Fifth Lou- 
isiana Battalion under General Harrison. His 
services were principally in Louisiana and along 
the Mississippi river, and during the latter part 
of the struggle served under the command of 
General Brint. His squadron was placed north 
of the Red river on picket and scouting duty, and 
were the means of cutting off Federal aid to 
General Banks on his expedition up that river 
and captured many Union soldiers, also in many 
other ways assisting in bringing about the defeat 
of that general's army at the battle of Mansfield. 

After a military career of over two years Mr. 
Maddox returned to his home, and was there en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits until 1873, when 
he started west, without any particular objective 
place, but with a view of finding a new and good 
country in which to establish a home. He had 
previously married Miss Sallie Hightower, a 
native of Georgia, and on the journey he was ac- 
companied by his wife and their only child, Rosa, 
who is now Mrs. T. L. Brown, of San Antomo, 
Texas. They had a wagon and hack, with good 
horses, and were well equipped for the journey. 
On arriving at Fort Worth, at that time not much 
more than a frontier settlement, without railroad 
facilities, Mr. Maddox was at first not favorably 
impressed with the place, but on being shown 
about the town by Captain Paddock, who in those 
davs, as he has ever continued to be, was a great 
"boomer" for the city, and was so enthusiastic in 
his predictions as to what it was destined to be- 
come that Mr. Maddox decided to locate. He 
accordingly established himself in the livery busi- 
ness, and immediately joined hands with Captain 
Paddock in booming the town. He prospered in 
his undertakings, and continued in the livery busi- 
ness until 1880, when he was elected to the office 
of sheriff, and so faithfully did he perform the 
duties connected with that official position that he 
was three times re-elected, being its incumbent 
for six years. 

Mr. Maddox's record as sheriff is one of which 
he may be justly proud, and constitutes his chief 
title to fame in the Lone Star state. He assumed 
the duties of the office at a time when lawlessness 
had grown to such proportions that criminals 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



73 



and disreputable characters were but feebly com- 
batted, and Fort Worth was almost daily sub- 
jected to fights, brawls, murders and many other 
depredations. But the lawless element soon found 
that Mr. Maddox was a man of determination, 
sterling worth and absolutely fearless, with a 
sole aim of preserving law and order and protect- 
ing citizens and their property. Surrounding him- 
self with a picked corps of deputies known for 
their bravery and devotion to duty, it was not 
long until Fort Worth was enjoying the peace 
and quiet of a law-abiding community. Several 
notable murder and other cases were handled by 
the sheriff and his force during his term of office, 
chief among which may be mentioned the 
Knights of Labor strike, principally among rail- 
road employes, in 1886, the last of Mr. Maddox's 
regime.. This was the occasion of much rioting 
and public disturbance, and to quell this he swore 
in a force of two hundred men, among them be- 
ing many well known residents of the city. At 
the close of his term of office his official affairs 
were in such excellent condition that he was en- 
abled to close up all matters v/ith the board of 
county commissioners in half an hour, leaving a 
clean and honorable record, for which he was 
given special credit and commendation by that 
board in a statement for the press which they 
prepared on that occasion. Up to that time he 
was the only man who had served the county as 
sheriff three terms. 

During the year following his retirement from 
office Mr. Maddox was engaged in the real estate 
business, after which he became a partner with 
Mr. Ellison in the furniture trade, with the firm 
name of Maddox, Ellison & Company. After 
ten years of continued prosperity as a member of 
that firm Mr. Maddox sold his interest to his 
partner and became a member of the furniture 
firm of Fakes & Company, in which he remained 
about one year. On the expiration of that period 
on account of ill health he decided to withdraw 
therefrom and again take up the real estate 
business, in which he has ever since been contin- 
uously engaged, conducting a general real estate 
and rental business, with offices in the Wheat 
building. Some years ago he purchased for his 
residence the old Joe Brown home, one of the 
historic places of Fort Worth, and this he re- 
modeled and refurnished, making it an ideal 
home. He also owns considerable business prop- 
erty in the city, and prior to the depression of 
1893, with his brother, Colonel Robert E. Mad- 
dox, he was one of its largest taxpayers. Ever 
since taking up his residence here he has been a 
generous contributor to all public enterprises de- 
signed to promote the city's growth and upbuild- 



ing, one of his first benefactions being a liberal 
contribution to the Texas & Pacific Railroad to 
locate in Fort Worth. He possesses those quali- 
ties which constitutes true citizenship, and 
whether in public or civil life will serve his fellow 
men well. 

Four children have been added to the family of 
Mr. and Mrs. Maddox in Texas, namely: Mrs. 
Emma Covey, Walter T., Jr., Mrs. Eula Bill- 
heimer and H. Clyde Maddox. Mr. Maddox is a 
member of R. E. Lee Camp, U. C. V., in which 
he holds pleasant relations with his old army 
comrades of the gray, also of the Masonic order 
and the First Methodist church. 

THEODORE O. WILSON. For eleven 
years the business of the Fort Worth & Denver 
Railway Company at Sunset was conducted by 
the subject of this review. He performed its 
multifarious duties with a care and patience and 
loyalty that would have been commended even in 
his private affairs, and when he resigned his posi- 
tion on October 14, 1904, it was to retire from 
eighteen years of strenuous life devoted to rail- 
road work. Following a period of rest he was se- 
lected to manage the business of the Bank of 
Sunset and, as its cashier, is identified with the 
business of his town. 

In the pursuit of his calling Mr. Wilson drifted 
into Texas from Glenwood Springs, Colorado, 
where he had been in the employ of the Denver & 
Rio Grande Railway as telegraph operator for a 
year. He took a position as operator for the 
Denver road in Fort Worth and after two years 
of service the company sent him to the station at 
Sunset. He learned telegraphy at Hancock, Mis- 
souri, and took service with the Frisco company 
for four years, leaving their employ at Dixon to 
engage with the D. & R. G. people at Glenwood 
Springs. 

Mr. Wilson began his westward itinerary as a 
teacher, starting from his native state and teach- 
ing his first school at Newport, Tennessee, two 
years, and concluding his work as a pedagogue in 
Pulaski county, Missouri, with another two years' 
work. He was born in Gilmer county, Georgia, 
June 10, 1862, a son of a farmer, Barnett Wilson, 
a native of Cocke county, Tennessee. For his 
wife Barnett Wilson married Miss Martha Quil- 
lian, a daughter of B. B. Quillian. He passed 
away in Gilmer county, Georgia, in 1889, while 
his widow still survives and resides in Collins- 
ville, Texas. The issue of their marriage were : 
W. V. 0., who died in Fairmount, Georgia ; 
Leola K., wife of John Hutchinson, died in Geor- 
gia ; Theodore O. and Theodotus A., twins, the 
latter of Collinsville, Texas, and Lawrence, who 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



died in Cooke county, Texas, in November, 1904. 
\\ hile \Y. B. Quillian was a farmer in early life 
he was later, for fourteen years, superintendent 
of the Georgia Deaf and Dumb Institute and sub- 
sequent to this he was agent of the Western At- 
lantic Railway at Cass, Georeia, and postmaster 
of that place. Theodore O. Wilson was provided 
with a liberal education and completed it in Elli- 
jay Seminary, at Ellijay, Georgia. He began his 
at the age of nineteen years, when he 
opened his first school at Newport, Tennessee. 
I lis eighteen years of office work was a training 
preparatory for the work of his present position 
and when he took charge of it he and his friends 
had no misgivings as to the result. 

The Bank of Sunset is a private bank owned by 
T. C. Phillips and A. E. Thomas, and was opened 
for business first in 1904, with Sam Furman as 
owner and proprietor. It has a capital of $10,000 
and deposits of $30,000, and is regarded as a safe 
and conservative institution. 

Mr. Wilson was married at Sunset first Octo- 
ber 30. 1895. his wife beinp- Miss Birdie Hum- 
phrey, a daughter of W. H. Humphrey from 
Kentucky. Mrs. Wilson died March 9, 1899, 
g a son, Herschel. August 12, 1900, Mr. 
Wilson married his wife's sister, Miss Eura Hum- 
phre) . and has an infant son. 

While Mr. Wilson has had no connection with 
politics, he casts his ballot at elections and on all 
national issues is in line with the Republican 
party. 

BENSON LANDRUM. The gentleman 
named as the subject of this article is Bowie's 
leading wholesale and retail feed and grain 
dealer and has been identified with the Lone Star 
state since 1868, when his father settled in Falls 
county, where the remaining years of his youth 
were passed. In the thirty years of active identi- 
ty, chiefly with industrial affairs of Texas, his 
achievements have been such as to mark his ca- 
reer a successful one and today we find him 
taking a leading part in the domestic commerce 
ol the metropolis of Montague county. 

I lu family of which our subject is a worthy 
representative is an Alabama one, constructively, 
but actuall) from the Palmetto state of South 
Carolina. Its most remote ancestor accessible, 
< leorge L. Landrum, grandfather of our subject, 
was not its American founder, but George L. 
Landrum was born in South Carolina in 1768, 
saw some service with the Continentals during 
the Revolution and fouerht the English again in 
the war of 1812. He married and reared a fam- 
ily of sons and daughters, as Eollows: Amelia, 
Samuel, who died in Falls county. Texas; George, 



who passed away in Kentucky ; Frances, of Bar- 
ber county, Alabama, married Quinny Wood ; 
Rebecca, who became Mrs. William Dickson and 
died in Austin county, Texas ; Richard died in 
Kentucky; Paulina married John Manley and 
died in Austin county, Texas, and Benjamin -L., 
who died in Falls county, Texas. The parents 
of this family left the Palmetto state and became 
settlers of Barber county, Alabama, where the 
father plied his trade as a gunsmith and black- 
smith and where he and his wife lie buried. 

Benjamin L. Landrum, father of Benson of 
this notice, was born in Edgefield district, South 
Carolina, in 1818, and accompanied his parents, 
as a child, in their removals to the westward, 
first into Georgia, and finally into Henry county, 
Alabama, where he reached maturity and ac- 
quired a fair education. He chose the medical 
profession and prepared himself for his duties in 
the Philadelphia Medical College, graduating in 
1841. He came to Texas and engaged in practice 
in Montgomery county, where he married, but 
soon returned to Alabama and practiced in Mont- 
gomery county until 1866, when he went to 
Loundes county, from which point, in 1868, he 
returned to Texas and identified himself with 
Falls county four years, then to Madison, then, in 
1877, he located at New Ulms. in Austin county, 
where he remained nine years and then returned 
to Chilton, Texas, his former and last home. 

During the rebellion Dr. Landrum was peti- 
tioned to remain with his profession as a citizen 
and this he was permitted to do, although having 
a desire to serve the state in the armies of the 
Confederate government. He was a man with 
positive opinions and maintained his position on 
questions at issue against all comers. He was a 
Democrat, but never sought nor filled office. His 
first wife was Mrs. Lizzie Page, a daughter of 
Mr. Park, a farmer of Madison county, Texas. 
Mrs. Landrum died in Loundes county, Alabama, 
in 1867, being the mother of: Nettie, deceased 
wife of Thomas Bentley, of Falls county, Texas ; 
George, of Madison county, Texas; Elmo, of 
Falls county; Benson, our subject; Elizabeth, 
wife of Gus Tomlinson, of Falls county; Ella, 
Mrs. L. Tomlinson, of the same place ; Carrie, 
wife of Jack Petitt, of Madison county, and Jo- 
seph, who died in LaSalle county, Texas. 

In Austin county. Texas, Dr. Landrum mar- 
ried Miss Ferribe Lee, who survives him and re- 
sides in Falls county. The issue of this marriage 
is Louise, wife of J. J. Jones, and Benjamin, Jr., 
both of Falls county, Texas. 

As Benson Landrum came to maturity he ac- 
quired a very good education and he dischaVged 
his obligation to his father by remaining a use- 




W. L. CATE 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



75 



ful adjunct to the family home till he was twenty- 
two years of age. At the opening of his inde- 
pendent career he ran cattle for a Falls county 
stockman for four years, following which he bor- 
rowed $250 and equipped himself with a team 
and implements for farming. He rented his 
father's place, kept bach, and cultivated it seven 
years. With the profits of this bachelor era he 
purchased a hundred acres, with which he busied 
himself for a few years, when he purchased the 
interests of the heirs in the old home and settled 
down to farming right. This gave him three 
hundred and twenty acres and, March 30, 1881, 
he took a wife to his possessions, where she was 
truly a "better half" until her death in 1889. In 
1894 he sold all but fifty acres of his farm, came 
to Bowie, and, for nearly a year, was employed 
in the Waples-Painter lumber yard and in the 
confectionery business. In 1891 he purchased 
two hundred and in 1896 three hundred acres at 
Petrolia, in Clay county, which proved to be oil 
territory upon development later on. This he 
farmed until 1904, when he sold one hundred 
acres at a good price, came back to Bowie and 
bought out the grain and feed business and prop- 
erty of C. R. Morgan, where he is now conduct- 
ing a successful business. 

Mr. Landrum first married Miss Eugenia 
Smith, a daughter of Samuel Smith. At her 
death. February 12, 1889, she was the mother of 
Nettie E., wife of Herman O. Cunningham, of 
Petrolia, Texas ; Harvey B. and Dora, of Bowie, 
and Eugene, of Falls county. In November, 1891, 
Mr. Landrum married Miss Anna Hankins, a 
daughter of F. G. Hankins, who came to Texas 
from Arkansas. Roy, Willie, Eva, Bernice and 
Lewis are the issue of this union. 

Unlike his father, Mr. Landrum is a quiet 
citizen, with strictly business tendencies and with 
a flood of good-nature oozing from every pore. 
He is a Mason, Odd Fellow and a Woodman, and 
a member of the Missionary Baptist church. His 
political beliefs are those of the dominant party 
in his state, but he is without political ambition 
and the casting of his vote is his share in political 
frays. 

CHARLES J. McKENNA, county auditor, 
who since 1901 has been a resident of Fort 
Worth, was born in Toledo, Ohio, a son of John 
and Mary (Sullivan) McKenna. His father was 
for many years a citizen of Toledo and there his 
death occurred, while the mother still makes her 
home in that city. 

Charles J. McKenna was reared in Toledo and 
acquired his education in its public schools. Hav- 
ing a natural ability in mathematical lines he be- 



came an expert accountant and among other po- 
sitions of a responsible nature that he held in his 
native city was that of assistant city auditor, in 
which position he served for three years. He 
came to Fort Worth in 1901 and has since made 
his home here. For some time he was connected 
with the Rock Island system as commercial agent, 
while subsequently he took charge of the book- 
keeping and accounting of the Rosenbaum Grain 
Company at Fort Worth, which position he was 
.filling when in the latter part of April, 1905, he 
was appointed to the position of county auditor 
of Tarrant county by the board of county com- 
missioners. This is a recently created office, es- 
tablished by enactment of the legislature provid- 
ing for the auditor in a county having a city of 
more than twenty-five thousand population. Mr. 
McKenna 's previous experience well equipped him 
for the office, and has enabled him to systematize 
and properly conduct the affairs of the position. 
Everything ' connected with the office is now 
working smoothly and his promptness and fideli- 
ty are notable features in his official service. A 
charter member of the local lodge of Elks, he is 
popular with his brethren of the fraternity and is 
well known in social and business circles here 
where his personal traits of character and abili- 
ty have gained him recognition and secured 
for him warm and favorable regard. 

WILLIAM L. CATE, assistant superintendent 
of the railway mail service and a resident of 
Fort' Worth, is a native of Bradley county, Ten- 
nessee, and a son of Andrew J. and Nancy ( Sim- 
mons) Cate. The father, who was a farmer 
and mill owner, was numbered among the early 
settlers of Bradley county in eastern Tennessee, 
where he located ere the Indians had left that 
part of the country, and there he spent the 
remainder of his life, his wife's death also oc- 
curring there about 1885. 

William L. Cate spent the days of his boy- 
hood and youth on his father's farm and in the 
sawmill, usually spending the winter months 
in the latter, while his summers were devoted 
to farm labor. He received a good education 
as far as the facilities of those days afforded, and 
in his voung manhood began teaching school, be- 
ing thus engaged in McMinn county when the 
Civil War was inaugurated. The family were 
Unionists, bitterly opposed to secession, and 
were naturally drawn into the strife which that 
section of the country had to undergo on ac- 
count of the contending sentiments of its citi- 
zens, often neighbors and even families being 
divided on the great question. Mr. Cate went 
to Kentuckv to enlist in the Union army, joining 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Company A of the Fourth Tennessee Cavalry, in 
October, 1862, which was attached to the Army 
of the Cumberland. His service was of the try- 
ing and hazardous sort which most of the Ten- 
nessee and Kentucky cavalrymen underwent dur- 
ing the war, extending to nearly all the states 
of the south, and in the winter of 1864 they were 
sent on what is known as the General Smith 
expedition to Mississippi, while in June and July 
mi' the same year they went on a similar trip into 
Alabama, under General Rousseau. Mr. Cate 
went with the cavalry to Georgia, under General' 
McCook, where he was engaged in the fighting 
mar \ilanta. was captured and taken as a pris- 
oner of war to Charleston, South Carolina, but 
was released after two months of incarcer- 
ation and joined his regiment at Nashville, thence 
being taken to Louisville and remounted, and 
returned to Nashville just in time to march to 
Franklin, Tennessee, to take part in that battle, 
one of the most sanguine of the war, waged on 
both sides by experienced, seasoned and deter- 
mined soldiers. At the battle of Nashville, fol- 
lowing, he was at the extreme left, and thus 
did not get into the thickest of the fight. Pur- 
suing 1 food to the Tennessee river, Mr. Cate was 
engaged in numerous minor skirmishes, and af- 
ter that campaign his regiment was ordered to 
the Department of (lie Gulf, going; to Vicksburg, 
\\\\ < )rleans and thence across the bay to Mo- 
bile, joining the expedition against Forts Span- 
Mi and Blakely, the destruction of which pre- 
ceded the taking of Mobile proper. They then 
campaigned across the country to Baton Rouge, 
and after the close of the war returned to Nash- 
ville, Mr. Cate being mustered out of service 
at Edgefield, across the river from that city, 
July 1 1. [865. Mr. Cate enlisted as a private in 
an organized company, was soon promoted to 
orderh sergeant and later to first lieutenant and 
captain, each promotion following an arduous 
campaign. His company was complimented on 
the battlefield at Sugar Creek, Alabama, Decem- 
■ 1, [864, by the brigade commander for the 
gallant stand made in resisting- the charge of 
Hood's retreating army. ITis army record is 
"tie .,i which he may be justlv proud, for it is 
tbe record of a brave soldier, faithful to the 
leasl as well as to the greatest of his duties, 
prompt, reliable and self-sacrificing. 

When peace bail been restored Mr. Cate quiet- 
lv took up the ordinal") duties of life in his old 
home in Bradley county, farming- and teaching 

scl I, Me remained there about twelve years, 

lOSl of tin nine engaged in teaching in 
Chatatn Seminarv, [n 1880 he entered the gov- 
ernment railway mail service, beginning at the 



bottom of the ladder ' in the classification of 
"helper, " on the Little Rock & Fort Smith Rail- 
road, running between those two cities. He 
soon became a recular man on the route, and 
was later transferred to the run between St. 
Louis and Texarkana, in the Iron Mountain 
Railroad, while subsequently, in 1888, he was 
promoted to district chief clerk at Little Rock. 
From the beginning of his life in the mail service 
the fast mail was his especial hobby, and after 
becoming chief clerk he urged this with all his 
energy. The first regular fast mail on the Iron 
Mountain was established about 1893. Mr. Cate 
remained at Little Rock in the position of chief 
clerk about six years, his jurisdiction being a part 
of the Eleventh Division, extending over Ark- 
ansas and on the Iron Mountain into St. Louis. 
Fie was then transferred to St. Louis as chief 
clerk of the St. Louis & Texarkana Railway 
postoffice and other Eleventh Division interests. 
Remaining in that position about three years, he 
was then promoted to assistant superintendent 
of the Eleventh Division and assigned to duty 
at Fort Worth, which city has ever since been 
his home. The office of the Eleventh Division 
at Forth Worth has jurisdiction over Arkansas, 
Indian Territory, Oklahoma, Western Louisiana 
and Texas. 

Mr. Cate married Elizabeth Julian, and they 
have four children, — Clifford J., Roscoe S., An- 
na Lea and Rose E. In his fraternal relations 
Mr. Cate is a member of the Masonic order and 
the Knifhts of Honor. He is widely known 
among- the men on this division of the railway 
mail service, and has many friends among them 
and also among the people of Fort Worth. 

WILLIAM HENRY MYERS. We intro- 
duce as the subject of this article one of the mid- 
dle-era cowmen of Texas, whose passing from 
a tenderfoot and a habitue of the range to a solid 
ranchman, with a permanent abiding place, and 
widely known as a breeder of and dealer in high- 
grade cattle, is here recorded. His advent to the 
state and his identity with the range date from a 
dozen years after the close of the Civil war and 
while the conditions and the methods then in 
vogue were very similar to those of ten years be- 
fore, the beginning of a revolution in the great 
grazing industry was on and William H. Myers' 
appearance on the scene was in ample time to 
participate in it. 

Mr. Myers was no novice in the cattle busi- 
ness when he threw his first lasso on the Texas 
plains, then the common name for all of frontier 
Texas, for his youth and early manhood had 
been passed on stock farms in the Blue Rid°-e 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



77 



mountains, where his father was engaged largely 
in the cattle business. Rockingham county, Vir- 
ginia, was his native place, and his birth occurred 
in November, 1853. His was an old-settled fam- 
ily in the valley of the Shenandoah. Rudolph 
Myers, his father, was born in Augusta county, 
Virginia, in 1821, and his father and brothers 
were the founders of the family in the Old Do- 
minion state. The grandfather was from Penn- 
sylvania and the pure blood of the German race 
coursed through his veins. 

Rudolph Myers was widely known as a large 
farmer and stockman in his county of Rocking- 
ham, and during the war he was connected with 
the military establishment of the Confederacy for 
a time. He married Eveline Cromer, a daughter 
of Joseph Cromer, a slave owner and a farmer 
and stockman of Rockingham county, where he 
was also reared. Rudolph Myers died in 1896 
and his wife passed away in 1900 at seventy years 
of age. Of their issue, Joseph G. Myers is county 
surveyor of Rockingham county; William H., 
our subject ; St. Andrew, of the old home county ; 
Semantha, who married R. H. Dudley, of Augus- 
ta county, and Robert E. Lee, a cattle dealer of 
the latter county. 

William H. Myers received his education in 
the schools common to the times in his rural sur- 
roundings and his interests in business matters 
were identical with those of his father until past 
his twenty-first year. Desiring larger opportuni- 
ties for the exercise of his talents in his chosen 
field than the old state offered, he sought Texas, 
landed at Fort Worth in 1878 and secured work 
with Frank Goodin on the Little Wichita river 
in Clay county. When Belcher and Easley bought 
out Goodin they inherited young Myers as a part 
of the paraphernalia of the ranch. Next we find 
him working for the Ikards by the month, look- 
ing after their cattle and at the same time keep- 
ing an eye on his own small herd. Eight years 
after his advent to the state he was the lessee of 
a ranch on Duer creek and the beginning of his 
independent career was on. 

In his career as a cowboy Mr. Myers was not 
long numbered among the tenderfeet. He soon 
learned to cinch and pack a pony and sat his sad- 
dle as firmly as a barnacle on a boat hull. Time 
nor distance made no difference with him on the 
"round-up," and when he rolled up in his blank- 
ets to sleep it mattered little whether it was in a 
cabin or in the open air. Out in the rain and the 
sleet and the snow, amongst the wild-eyed long- 
horns gathering mavericks, and in a country in- 
fested with beasts of prey, he plied his vocation, 
looking oftenest on the humorous side of life, and 
all the time laying the foundation for his own 



entry into the arena as an embryonic cattle king. 

In 1888 Mr. Myers began the purchase of land, 
buying three thousand seven hundred and seven- 
ty-five acres three miles south of Blue Grove, and 
this he fenced and cross-fenced, put on his ranch 
buildings and established himself in his perma- 
nent home. His tract cost him from $3 to $7.30 
an acre, and he soon started his ranch as a breed- 
ing farm, handling Short Horn cattle. These he 
raised and dealt in till 1897, when he substituted 
the White Faces, heading his herd with "Jef- 
fries," No. 2150, "Buckeye" and "Colonel," 
northern bred animals. He has a small herd of 
registered Herefords and his home ranch is de- 
voted exclusively to the promotion of this in- 
dustry, while his upper ranch, embracing some 
fifteen hundred acres, near Henrietta, furnishes 
pasture and feeding ground for his beef cattle. 

From 1896 to 1901 he was a member of the 
firm of Myers, Nutter & Neville, having exten- 
sive ranching interests between Blue Grove and 
Henrietta and handling a large amount of beef 
and other cattle. Since selling his interest to his 
partners he has confined himself to his individual 
matters and, as the proprietor of the Blue Grove 
Hereford Stock Farm, he is reckoned one of the 
successful "cowmen" of his county. 

Myers' ranch is widely and popularly known 
for its hospitality and good cheer. Its bachelor 
quarters are presided over by a genuine Virginia 
gentleman, inured to all the environments of a 
frontier life, yet happy at the prospect of being 
able to serve and provide for the welfare of 
friends away from home. In sympathy with the 
unfortunate, charitable to those at fault and loyal 
to his multitude of friends, "Billy" Myers is an. 
honored representative of the ranchers' brother- 
hood. 

THOMAS GRAY WORLEY. Widely 
known in the druggists' sundries and general 
drug business of Montague county and the oldest 
established business of the character in Bowie is 
that presided over by Thomas G. Worley of this 
review, whose business life has been passed within 
the limits of the county which he honors and 
whose success has been measured by the steady 
and upward trend of a quarter of a century of 
active, conservative business life. 

Since 1883 the drug trade of Bowie has known 
Mr. Worley, at which time he came here from 
Montague without a cash capital, and with no 
property save a home in Montague town worth 
$500, and arranged to take a half interest in a $2,- 
600 stock of drugs and sundries owned by White, 
Bivens & Company, then doing business at the 
foot of Mason street. His experience at the be- 



78 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



ginning of this venture embraced two years as a 
grocery clerk in Montague, but this only served 
him as a means of forming acquaintance and he 
was wholly without knowledge pertaining to the 
important business in which he was about to em- 
bark. 

With the assurance that one familiar with the 
stock and proficient in the business would re- 
main with the store for a time, and while he him- 
self was becoming able to conduct the business, 
Mr. Worley made the trade and took his place be- 
hind the counter. Before the lapse of two weeks 
he was left without his experienced clerk and, 
although barely able to tiptoe and touch bottom, 
as it were, he kept a steady head, surmounted 
every difficulty and mastered his stock without 
any embarrassing consequences to the public. 

At the end of a year J. S. Smith purchased the 
other half interest in the White, Bivens & Com- 
pany, and the firm of Worley & Smith existed for 
two' years, when Mr. Smith sold and Mr. Fore- 
man came in, and the firm of Worley & Fore- 
man continued in business till 1889, when the 
junior partner sold to the senior, and since then 
Thomas G. Worley has been in business alone. 

Mr. Worley's prosperity and growth in Bowie 
has warranted his expansion in realty lines and he 
has substantially aided in Bowie's development 
by building him a commodious home on Mason 
street and shown his abiding faith in the town by 
purchasing other residence property here and a 
half interest in a business house on Smythe 
street. 

1 11 1877 our .subject came into Montague coun- 
!• and took up his residence in Montague. It 
during the closing scenes of his youth and 
his individual efforts promised all that contained 
anything substantial for him. His education was 
somewhat hampered and meager, yet sufficient 
for use as a teacher, and to this vocation he ap- 
plied himself for one or two terms of country 
school. He was recognized, in the early years of 
bis majority, b) political leaders, and was named 
for and elected constable of Precinct No. 1 of 
Montague county. Following this he spent about 
een months as helper in a livery bam in 
Montague, and then the grocery store, and out 
of it all some substantial accumulations had re- 
Milted. 

Mr Work) came to Texas from Hardin 
county, I ennessee, where his birth occurred Jan- 
nan 17. [857. Michael Worley. his father, was a 
ind, prior to the war, owned a few slaves 
and was born in rennessee in 1704. He was 
twice married and in his first family of children 
wen h-hii \ .. of Hardin county; Mrs. Marga- 
ret Williams, who died in Arkansas: Mrs. Luan- 



da Nichols, who passed away in Tennessee; M*-s. 
Louisa Brisco, who died in the home state ; Mrs. 
Lydia Richardson, who left a family at her death 
in Tennessee, and Martin Worley, who died in 
the army during the Civil war. For his sec- 
ond wife Michael Worley married Livina Bost, 
who passed away in Montague county in 1884. 
Her children were : Charles P., who left a fam- 
ily at his death in Montague county in 1894; 
Abraham J., a Montague county farmer; Peter 
P.', likewise a farmer here, and Thomas G., our 
subject. 

In Montague county, February 17, 1886, Mr. 
Worley of this review married Miss Mattie Stal- 
lings, a daughter of J. W. Stallings, who came 
to Texas in 1875 from Coffey county, Alabama. 
Mrs. Stallings was Miss Parker before her mar- 
riage, and she was the mother of six children. 
Mr. and Mrs. Worley's children are: Earnest 
Lee, James Andrew, John D., Lawrence Charles, 
Olympia, Arthur and Alton B. Parker. 

Mr. Worley is without honors gained from pol- 
itics, but as a citizen he has rendered public serv- 
ice to his town. He served six years on the city 
council, helped provide some of the substantial 
educational facilities of the city school houses 
and the like, and was a member of the committee 
on water works, which public utility was pro- 
vided during his official term. From 1898 to 1902 
he was city recorder, where his efficiency was 
shown in a clerical capacity. 

JOHN ALFRED MARTIN, who has been 
a resident of Tarrant county since 1877 and 
for a number of years was known to the busi- 
ness world as proprietor of a hotel at Arlington 
and in Fort Worth, is now serving his second 
term as clerk of the district court at Fort Worth 
and is one of the most popular and efficient of the 
county officials. 

Mr. Martin has passed through a varied and 
active career. He was born on Boone's creek, 
near Jonesboro, Washington county, Tennessee, 
in 1842, a son of Dr. Alfred and Sallie (Hunt) 
Martin, both of old and well known families in 
that part of the state. His father was an old- 
timer and prominent in the affairs of Washing- 
ton county, which was one of the earliest set- 
tled portions of Tennessee and the scene of a 
part of the life of Daniel Boone. Besides being 
a physician he was a member of the state legis- 
lature, and later of the state senate. He died at 
the old home in Washington county in 1883, a g e 
eighty-two years. The mother, also a native of 
Tennessee, was a daughter of Major Samuel 
Hunt, one of the first sheriffs in his part of the 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



79 



state. She died on October 8, 1861, aged fifty- 
three years. 

Mr. Martin's mother died while he was serving 
his country in the war. Though reared on a 
farm, he passed his young days in a home of 
comfortable affluence and with surroundings of 
culture and refinement. He received most of 
his education at Boone's Creek Institute. He 
was on the verge of young manhood when the 
Civil war came on, and early in 1861 he enlisted 
for Confederate service in the Twenty-ninth 
Tennessee Regiment, Company G, which was one 
of the first companies organized in that part 
of the state. He served under several of the 
prominent Confederate leaders, including Bragg, 
Beauregard, Joe Johnston and Hood. Begin- 
ning with the battle of Wilson's Creek, he took 
part in several of the great campaigns of the 
war; was in the campaign through Georgia, 
fought at Dalton, at Atlanta, thence went to 
Jonesboro and participated in the engagement 
there ; from there accompanied Hood to Nash- 
ville, and in the battle of Franklin Mr. Martin 
was wounded twice, so that he was completely 
disabled for further service. This brief outline 
of his army life shows that he participated in 
the most important movements of the Confeder- 
ate armies of the west and south. Beginning 
as a private, at the time he received his honorable 
discharge on account of his wounds he was ad- 
jutant of his regiment. He had three brothers 
in the army who spent much of their time in 
Federal prisons, and one of them, Captain Je- 
rome N. Martin, commanded his company at 
the battle of Franklin. 

After his army career Mr. Martin remained 
at home about three years, and during that time 
was married to Miss Mattie A. Brown. He 
then went to Christianburg, Virginia, where he 
lived seven years. In 1877 he came to Tarrant 
county, Texas, and has made his home in this 
county ever since. Both at Fort Worth and in 
Arlington he was in the hotel business, con- 
ducting a hotel in the latter place about seven 
years. He has also had considerable and suc- 
cessful experience in farming in this county, 
having a place south of Fort Worth. A man 
of recognized worth and of very popular stand- 
ing among all his fellow citizens, in November, 
1902, he was elected to the office of clerk of the 
district court of Tarrant county, and in 1904 re- 
ceived a re-election without opposition. The dis- 
trict court of this county is divided into two 
branches, the seventeenth and the forty-eighth 
judicial districts, so that the business of the 
clerk's office is very heavy. 



Mr. Martin is well known in fraternal circles, 
being affiliated with the Odd Fellows, the 
Knights of Pythias and the Red Men; and is a 
member of Lee Camp of the Confederate Vet- 
erans. Eight children have been born to the 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Martin. One daugh- 
ter, Mattie A., is deceased, and the others are: 
Flora, Mrs. Lallah R. Rollins, John A., Jr., Mary 
L., Horace H., Walter, Hortense. 

HON. HENRY P. BROWN of Cleburne, 
whose reputation as a lawyer has been won 
through earnest, honest labor and whose high 
standing at the bar is a merited tribute to his 
ability, has since 1886 practiced in Cleburne and 
in 1902 formed his present partnership with W. 
H. Bledsoe under the firm style of Brown & 
Bledsoe. Mr. Brown is a native of Alabama, 
his birth having occurred in Marion on the 15th 
of March, 1857, his parents being W. R. and 
Mary (Parish) Brown. The father, now de- 
ceased^ was a native of Virginia and throughout 
an active business career engaged in banking. 
His wife, who has also passed away, was born 
in North Carolina. 

Mr. Brown of this review was reared and 
educated in his native city and after acquiring 
his preliminary education he continued his stud- 
ies in Howard College. He began preparation 
for the profession under the direction of Mr. 
Pettus, now United States senator, at Marion, 
while his brother, Hon. Charles G. Brown, ex- 
attorney general of Alabama, also acted as his 
preceptor. Mr. Brown was licensed to practice 
at Marion, where he remained as an active 
member of the profession until 1886, when he 
removed to Cleburne and has since been identi- 
fied with the legal fraternity here. Distinguished 
honors have come to him in connection with 
his chosen calling. He served as assistant at- 
torney general of Texas under Hon. M. M. 
Crane, now a prominent member of the Dallas 
bar, filling the position for about a year, when 
he resigned to assume the private practice of law 
at Cleburne. Here he was first associated with 
D. T. Bledsoe, one of the original members of 
the Cleburne bar, and later was a partner of 
Judge W. F. Ramsey, under the firm style of 
Ramsey & Brown. His next partner was Col- 
onel J. F. Henry, and in 1902 he entered into his 
present relationship with W. H. Bledsoe un- 
der the style of Brown & Bledsoe. This is a 
strong legal firm, having a large general law 
business that connects them with much of the 
important litigation tried in the state and fed- 
eral courts of Texas. 



a 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



On the Mill of November, 1881, at New Or- 
leans. Mr. Brown was married to Miss Annie 
G. Lockett, a granddaughter of A. B. Moore, 
the war governor of Alabama, and they now 
have a daughter, Miss Bonnie Brown. 

Mr. Brown is prominent in the ranks of the 
Knights of Pythias fraternity, in which he has 
accorded high official preferment. He is 
now past grand chancellor of the grand lodge 
of Texas and is the supreme representative. He 
has also gained a wide acquaintance in political 
circles and his oratorical ability has made him 
a popular public speaker throughout Texas. He 
has done much campaign work in support of 
the I >emocracy and was one of the noted speak- 
ers in the celebrated campaign for governor- 
ship between Clark and Hogg. His attention, 
however, has been chiefly concentrated upon his 
law practice, which has now assumed extensive 
proportions. His careful preparation of cases 
is supplemented by a power of argument and 
forceful presentation of his points in the court 
room, so that he never fails to impress court or 
jury and seldom fails to gain the verdict de- 
sired. His scholarly attainments and genuine 
worth have gained him the friendship of many 
of the must prominent citizens of the state and 
lie is accorded a position of leadership in fra- 
ternal, political and legal circles. 

BARNEY G. GIBSON, one of the leading 
farmers of Montague county, Texas, was born 
in Meigs county. East Tennessee. October 4, 
[855, son of Randall and Sarah (Brady) Gib- 
son, both natives of Tennessee and members of 
representative families of that state. 

Farrell Brady, Mr. Gibson's maternal grand- 
father, was a pioneer settler of Tennessee; 
owned a large plantation and many slaves; was a 
consisted member of the Primitive Baptist 
church, and a highly respected citizen. He 
died in Tennessee at the ripe age of eighty-five 
/ears. In his family were the following chil- 
dren, namely: Sarah, Tolly. Betty, Polk, Sellers, 
Smith and Charles. Randall Gibson, after his 
marriage to Sarah Brady, settled on a Tennes- 
se< farm, where he prospered until the war of 
the rebellion interrupted the various industries 
of the country, especially farming on the bor- 
der states. Both armies foraged from him, de- 
I Ins i.niii and left him financially ruined. 
While a southern man and a sympathizer with 
thi outl 11 1 luse, he did not on account of 
age, take an active part in the war, but two of 
his sons, James and Charles, served all through 
the struggl< rate soldiers. After the 



war he continued to reside on his farm and tried 
to replenish his wasted fortunes and he re- 
mained there until 1 88 1, when, his children all 
gone, he sold out and came to Texas, locating 
in Fannin county, where he bought a tract of 
land and for a few years carried on fanning 
operations extensively. Here he died in 1891. 
Of his children, we record that James died in 
Arkansas ; Charles died in Fannin county, Texas ; 
Lizzie is the wife of a Mr. Asbury ; Farrell is a 
resident of Gibson county, Texas ; Smith died 
in Tennessee ; Hiram lives in the state of Wash- 
ington ; Mary is the wife of C. Hackleman ; and 
the youngest, Barney G, is the direct subject of 
this review. 

Barney G. Gibson spent his first sixteen years 
on his father's farm in Tennessee. Then in 187 1 
he came to Texas, stopping first in Fannin 
county, where he secured employment as a farm 
hand, and was thus occupied for six vears. In 
1877 he married and settled on a rented farm. 
Five years later he came to Montague county. 
Here he bought a small farm on which he lived 
eleven years, then sold it and bought the six 
hundred acres of land on which he has since 
lived. To the few improvements that had been 
made here at the time of his purchase, Mr. Gib- 
son has added until he now has a valuable, well- 
improved farm. He has built a commodious 
residence, has two tenant houses and other good 
farm buildings, and has two hundred acres of his 
land under cultivation, the rest being used for 
stock purposes. He also has a. fine orchard. 

Like his father before him, Mr. Gibson is a 
Democrat, and has never sought or filled public 
office, preferring to give his time and attention 
to his own private affairs. He and his family 
are members of the Missionary Baptist church, 
in which he is a deacon. 

Mrs. Gibson was before her marriage Miss 
Margaret Wriston. She was born in Kentucky, 
daughter of Reuben and Yenetta Wriston, both 
natives of Kentucky, who came with their fam- 
ily to Texas at an early day and located in Tar- 
rant eount\", whence they subsequently moved 
to Fannin county. In each of these counties 
Mr. Wriston improved a farm, and on the latter 
one he died. Both he and his wife were members 
of the Baptist church. Their children, five in 
number, arc as follows: Clay, Mrs. Jane Bell, 
Mrs. Emaline Chidix, Lewis and Mrs. Margaret 
Gibson. Barney G. and Margaret Gibson have 
six children : Charles ; Josephine, wife of J. 
Eller ; Ladora, wife of J. Ashford ; Hattie, wife 
of O. Hutchison, and Minnie and Effa, at home. 




JAMES M. SMALL 



HISTORY OF NORTH AXD WEST TEXAS. 



v 



REV. JAMES M. SMALL. A life of activ- 
ity, such as has been experienced by the subject 
of this review, it is rarelv our privilege to re- 
cord. Rich in deeds which win humanity for 
the Kingdom, and pregnant with events whose 
rehearsal would find interest at every fireside, 
its evening is passing in a clear sky- and a glow- 
ing sunset and night will mark the splendorous 
closing of a life whose longevity is rarelv equaled 
and seldom surpassed. Eighty-seven years marks 
the last milestone of his onward journey, and 
fifty-three years marks the period of his life's 
labor in the ministry. In the quiet retreat of his 
comfortable and modest home his retirement is 
surrounded by his books, by the blessings of 
prosperity and health and the influences of a 
united household. 

James M. Small was born at Harper's Ferry, 
Jefferson county. Virginia. May 23. 1818. His 
father. William Small, was a merchant tailor, 
who also had some interests in agriculture, was 
born a few years subsequent to the close of the 
American Revolution and was a native of the 
state of Virginia. During the war of 
181 2 he was captain of a company sta- 
tioned at Norfolk. Virginia, and helped to pre- 
vent the capture of that place by the British 
on one occasion. His father was a wagon-master 
in the Continental army during the Revolution, 
while a brother of his father, a Tory, was a 
colonel in the English army. The family are 
of Scotch-Irish origin and are. according to 
residence and service indications, entitled to all 
the honors due original and patriotic Ameri- 
cans. 

William Small was prominent in Free Mason- 
ry. His home in Virginia was along the Potomac 
river and in the forepart of the nineteenth cen- 
turv the Masons of the state held convocations 
at points along the river annually, at which 
much important degree and other work was 
done. He was an attendant upon these meet- 
ings, was prominent in their councils and filled 
the post of grand marshal, on which occasions he 
wore a sword — a Damascus blade — presented to 
the lodge by a relative of General Washington, 
along with a Masonic apron of sheepskin, which 
paraphernalia was presented to Washington by 
the Czar of Russia just after American independ- 
ence had been won. Both being Masons, the 
Czar desired to express his high regard for 
America's greatest citizen and soldier and ac- 
complished his purpose in the six-word inscrip- 
tion on the blade. "From the oldest to the great- 
est." 

About 183 1. William Small left his native 
state and brought his family westward, and for 
some vears. lived about over Southwestern Ohio. 



but before the Civil War he located in Lincoln, 
Illinois, where he died some time in the latter 
sixties. His wife, who was Elizabeth Koontz, 
passed away in Virginia, being the mother of 
Mary A., wife of Dr. John Rush, died in Royal- 
ton. Ohio : Hettie died in Lincoln, Illinois, as 
Mrs. Daniel Jackson ; Elizabeth, who died at 
Lincoln, 111., was Mrs. Dr. A. Cook; and James 
M.. of this record. 

The coming to manhood of our subject oc- 
curred in Virginia and Ohio and his education 
was acquired in those states and in Tennessee. 
Viney Grove Academy, near Fayetteville. Ten- 
nessee, rounded out his life as a college student, 
to which place he went intending to prepare for 
the law. While in school a spiritual conversion 
visited him and he felt a call to the gospel in- 
stead, and all idea of the law was abandoned. He 
engaged in teaching school as a livelihood in 
Tennessee and did his first religious work there. 
In the spring of 1849 a select company was 
formed from four counties, numbering thirty-six 
young men, to emigrate from the east to the 
west. The gold fields of California was their 
destination and their train of wagons was sup- 
plied with about every appliance needed in the 
trades or professions in that new Eldorado of 
the west. The company elected Colonel Fergu- 
son captain and took the southern route, going 
from Memphis to Fort Smith by boat and thence 
struck boldly into the wilderness to Santa Fe, 
Xew Mexico. Striking the Rio Grande river 
they followed it down to Cook's trail and. at 
Mr. Smaii's suggestion, rafted down the Gila 
river with their heaviest supplies to its cros- 
sing and on to their destination. The trip 
down the Gila was made for the purpose of 
lip-htening the loads on the teams and the rafts 
were laden with medicine — for which the govern- 
ment had offered them Si. 000, at Santa Fe — with 
blacksmith's tools and other bulky and heavy 
articles. being- a complete outfit for the wilder- 
ness. While Mr. Small proposed to undertake 
this journey alone, seven others finally joined 
him and so long as the river remained narrow 
and swift thev made good time and without in- 
cident. When the mountainous country had 
been passed and the valley land appeared the 
river grew shallow and sandbars impeded the 
progress of the navigators so much that they 
decided to make a lighter raft, load it lightly, and 
one desperate fellow took charge of it and start- 
ed on. declaring he would neither ask nor give 
help. Several of the others decided to meet 
the wagons below on foot while Mr. Small threw 
awav some of his load and continued his journey 
down stream. The man on the light raft ground- 
ed so often on sandbars that he abandoned 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



his raft and its load and, footsore and weary, he 
reached the wagon crossing on the river on 
time, while our subject, finding a note tied to 
an overhanging tree, from the captain, telling 
him to abandon everything and come to the cross- 
ing by a certain day, obeyed, and thus ended 
the journey down the Gila and thus, much re- 
duced, the company continued and finally com- 
pleted its tramp to the Pacific. 

His first efforts in California were directed in 
mining. A company was formed, of which Mr. 
Small was treasurer, for the purpose of turning 
the Macalomy river, whose bed proved to be 
rich in gold, but toward fall of 1850 Mr. Small 
abandoned his mining project, located in Napa 
City, near San Francisco, and began his career, 
regularly, in the ministry. He was the first 
preacher to visit that place and he talked to its 
inhabitants in the dining-room of a boarding 
house until better accommodations could be pro- 
vided. He organized the first Sabbath school, 
furnished testaments and made seats for the 
room, filled all the offices from janitor to min- 
ister, himself. He started the organization 
of the first Masonic lodge and rented a two- 
story box house, the first floor of which was 
used for a church and school-room and the upper 
floor for a lodge room. He taught the public 
school of the place for two years and while 
carrying on his church and pastoral work, at 
the same time found it necessary to make long 
journeys at night that it might not interfere 
with his educational work. The church which 
he organized became the first Cumberland Pres- 
byterian church of Xapa City and with it and 
with the surrounding country in Sonoma county 
he was identified, as a minister, until 1872, when 
he removed to Texas. 

In the autumn of 1873 Rev. Small became 
the pastor of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
church in Fort Worth, hut resigned the follow- 
ing year and for the succeeding eight years 
gave his time to various places in Central Texas 
where Cumberland Presbyterian congregations 
were without pastors. In 1882, he came to Mon- 
tague county and was. for four years, situated 
on his farm some four and a half miles from 
Bowie, engaging the while in his favorite call- 
ing wherever the opportunity presented. In 
[898, his voice failing him. he preached his last 
sermon and his quiet residence in the city of 
Bowie lias since followed. 

In [856 Rev. Small was firsl married in Son- 
oma county, California, his wife being Miss 
Martha Thompson, a daughter of John B. 
Thompson from Missouri. In 185c) his wife 
died and in lanuar\. iSi.j, he married Frances 



J., a daughter of Allen Hightower, from Jack- 
son county, Missouri, where Mrs. Small was 
born May 26, 1834. William T. Small, a son 
by his first wife, is Rev. Small's only child. He 
was born in Sonoma county, California, Febru- 
ary 28, 1859, anc l was reared there and in 
Texas. His education was obtained in Mans- 
field and Bryan, Texas, in the Agricultural and 
Mechanical College at Bryan, and he finished it 
in the State University of Missouri. 

The first year of his business career William 
T. Small devoted to the drug business, but on 
abandoning this he engaged in teaching school 
and followed it several years. He finally settled 
down to the farm near Oueen's Peak, in Mon- 
tague county, where he has achieved his ambi- 
tion as a successful stock-farmer. He owns sev- 
eral farms, aggregating some nine hundred and 
fifty acres, and is numbered among the substan- 
tial men of the county. He was married in 
Boone county, Missouri, in 1883, to Miss Ma- 
rietta, a daughter of Judge Angell, and a son, 
James M., was born of this union. 

Rev. Small became a Mason in 1845 ar >d has 
taken all the ancient degrees, blue lodge, chapter 
and council. During active life he manifested 
much enthusiasm in the ancient craft and the 
spirit of its founder has animated him in the 
fulfillment of the noble purposes of the order. 

ALOXZO L. MALOXE. Education in Texas 
is rapidly approaching the zenith of its perfec- 
tion. The unequaled school fund of the state 
has inspired a development which has been rapid 
and permanent, and under the guidance and di- 
rection of tried and true school men the friction 
of old is fast disappearing from its machinery 
and the efficiency of instruction brings to the 
system a completeness and a harmony neces- 
sary for a high rank among the educational es- 
tablishments of her sister commonwealths. 

Each successful superintendent has been an 
efficient unit in the achievement of such sub- 
stantial results for our common, or public school 
system and his work in the grades is reflected 
by the mirror of grand results, distinctly, yet 
in harmonious blending with every other block 
of the beautiful mosaic. He is one of the archi- 
tects of the structure while his teachers are the 
mechanics who fashion it and bring it out a 
beautiful and attractive edifice. As a prominent 
factor in the growth of the public school system 
of the state Bowie's superintendent has been 
engaged for many years. In the school room, 
in the county normal and in the teachers' as- 
sociations his voice has been heard in appeal for 
practical education, for efficient instruction and 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



83 



for the development of character along with the 
training of the mind. In the several places 
where he has had charge his tenure of office has 
been ample guaranty of the efficiency of his ad- 
ministration, and in association with his fellow- 
teachers they have been pleased to honor Pro- 
fessor Malone with their friendship and confi- 
dence. 

Alonzo L. Malone is a Tennesseean by birth. 
October 29, i860, was his natal day and the city 
of Alexandria, in DeKalb county, the place. His 
father, a farmer and stockman, was Jackson 
Malone, and his paternal grandsire was William 
Malone. The latter established the family near 
Alexandria in 1797, on what is still the family 
homestead, and upon which he died in 1870 at 
eighty-six years of age. He was simply a plain 
farmer, of North Carolina birth, and his wife 
was a member of the Whitley family. Their 
five children, all of whom reared families, were : 
Yancey, who was killed in b;'tle as a Confed- 
erate soldier ; David, who died near Alexandria, 
Tennessee ; Carroll, who came to Texas before 
the war and died here ; Rebecca, resides in De- 
Kalb county, Tennessee ; and Jackson, our sub- 
ject's father. 

Jackson Malone was born at Alexandria, Ten- 
nessee, February 24, 1822, passed his life as a 
farmer, served in the Confederate army and 
now resides at Alexandria. He married Eliza- 
beth, a daughter of William Christian, who bore 
him children, as follows : William, of Alex- 
andria, Tennessee, as are all the others, save our 
subject; Prof. A. L. of this notice; Samuel; Eli- 
za, wife of J. W. Sandlin ; Dr. Stanton Malone, 
who died in 1891 ; and Oscar, the youngest. 

Alonzo L. Malone started his education in 
the public school of Alexandria, where he later 
took the B. S. degree in the Normal college. He 
took the A. B. deeree in the Pure Fountain 
college and after he had entered on his work 
as an educator in Texas he was honored with 
the degrees of A. M. and Ph. D., by the Na- 
tional Normal University, of Lebanon, Ohio. 

Professor Malone became a teacher before his 
education was finished, his early experiences 
being in country school work. His evident abil- 
ity as a school man commended itself to his fel- 
low townsmen and he was elected county su- 
perintendent of DeKalb county, and served two 
years. His last work in that state was at Tem- 
perance Hall, following which he came to Texas. 

In the Lone Star state he became superinten- 
dent, or principal, of an independent normal 
school at Deport, and filled the position four 
years, being two years on ths board of county 
examiners. He then became city superintendent 



of schools at Ladonia, where he remained ten 
years, serving eight years as a member of the 
teachers' examining board of Lamar county. 
From Ladonia he went to Caldwell, where he 
was in charge of the schools three years and also 
served on the Burleson county board of exam- 
iners during that period. In 1900 he was presi- 
dent of the state board of examiners and he is 
now president of the Northwest Texas Teach- 
ers' Association. On leaving Caldwell Mr. Ma- 
lone went to Durant, Indian Territory, for a 
year and, in 1904, took charge of the public 
schools of Bowie. 

In addition to his work in the school room 
he has conducted summer normals at Wolfe City, 
Leonard, Bonham, Ladonia and Cameron, Texas, 
and has served on the faculty of summer normals 
in other counties. He is a gentleman of progres- 
sive and advanced ideas, a strong instructor and 
liberal toward the expanding tendencies and in- 
novations of the times. 

February 13, 1890, Professor Malone and Miss 
Rosa Holt were married in' Deport, Texas. Mrs. 
Malone is a daughter of John and Nancy (Doz- 
ier) Holt who came to the state from Missouri. 
Mrs. Malone was born in Lamar county, Texas, 
January 25, 187 1, and had a sister, Mollie, who 
married J. E. Wilson and died in 1901. She 
had a brother, N. L., practicing medicine in 
Lake Charles, Louisiana, and another brother. 
Ollie, of Lamar county. 

The issue of the marriage of Professor and 
Mrs. Malone are: A. Grady. Pauline and Edna 
Hazel. In fraternal work Professor Malone has 
taken the chapter degree in Masonry, is an Odd 
Fellow, a Pythian Knight and a Woodman. He 
is active in Christian work, is a member of the 
Missionary Baptist church and a deacon of the 
Bowie congregation. 

WILLIAM L. SWEET, one of the most 
popular and best known citizens of Fort Worth 
and Tarrant county, is now serving his second 
term as county assessor, an office which he has 
honored by his conspicuous usefulness in the 
management of all its departments. He has 
spent all his life in this state, having been born 
at Prairie Point (now Rhome), Wise county, 
August 11, 1858. His parents were N. L. and 
Amanda (Tolbert) Sweet. His father, a native 
of New York state, accompanied his parents to 
Pike county, Illinois, where he was reared, and 
in 1852 he came with his family to Wise county, 
Texas, being one of the first settlers of that 
county, where he lived on a farm until his death, 
in 187 1, at the age of forty-eight years. As a 
pioneer he confronted the hardships of life in 



8 4 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



a new country, and with his neighbors was com- 
pelled to suffer many losses consequent upon 
the Indian raids so frequent in Wise county and 
vicinity for many years after his settlement 
there. He is a well remembered figure among 
the old-timers of Wise county. His father was 
forty-eight years of age when he died. Mr. 
Sweet's mother, who was born in Pike county, 
Missouri, died in Tarrant county in 1882, aged 
sixty-five years. 

The first twenty years of his life Mr. Sweet 
spent at home, gaining his early education and 
working on the home farm. He learned the barber 
trade, and becoming proficient in this, for twenty 
years he had the leading barber business in Arl- 
ington, Tarrant county. His personal popularity 
brought him a large custom and likewise en- 
larged his acquaintance to such an extent that 
in time he became a natural choice for public 
office. In 1902 he was nominated by the Demo- 
cratic party for the office of assessor, was elect- 
ed, and in 1904 was re-elected. His administra- 
tion of the affairs of an office that required con- 
siderable skill and business ability has been first- 
class and satisfactory in every respect, denoting 
a thorough grasp of the situation so far as the 
taxable value of the property in Fort Worth 
and Tarrant county is concerned. When he 
entered upon his official duties the value of 
property returned for assessment in the county 
was twenty-two millions, and he has increased 
this to over thirty-six million dollars. 

Though he has built a nice residence property 
in Fort Worth, Mr. Sweet still retains his resi- 
dence and citizenship in Arlington, from which 
town he was elected to office. He has been a 
member of the Methodist church at Arlington 
for twenty years, and fraternally has affiliations 
with the Masons, Knights of Pythias, Woodmen 
of the World, and the Improved Order of Red 
Men. 

Mr. Sweet was married at Arlington to Miss 
I. aura J. Xoah. who was born in the state of 
Tennessee. They haw seven children: Edwin 
T., Robert X., Mamie S., Laura W. James W. 
Swayne, Xoah Jackson and William P., Jr.. all at 
home. Mr. Sweet will soon complete his pub- 
lie duties and thenceforth will devote his time 
more to home duties, as his home is more dear to 
him than anything else. All the children are in 
school with the exception of Xoah ("ackson and 
William I... Jr. 

I) \\ IM T. HERRING. The enterprise and 
prosperity <>i" a community does not depend upon 
it-- institutions or its machinen of government 
hut up! m the enterprise, ambition and endeavor of 



its citizens, and the real founders and promot- 
ers of city, state and nation are those who are 
faithful in the performance of every duty that 
devolves upon them and who are continually 
watchful of opportunities which they utilize for 
the public good as well as for individual ac- 
complishment. A worthy representative of this 
class of men is David T. Herring, prominently 
identified with the business life of Nocona and 
also with its public interests, serving as mayor 
and justice of the peace. He is a dealer in 
grain, conducts a feed store, a livery stable and 
a wagon yard. 

A native of Arkansas, Mr. Herring was born 
in Drew county, December 14, 1853. He was 
reared to farm life, his labors in the fields being 
alternated with attendance at the common 
schools. His parents were William C. and Caro- 
line (Richie) Flerring. who were married in 
Alabama, of which state the mother was a na- 
tive. The father, however, was born in North 
Carolina and was a son of Enoch Herring, also 
a native of that state. The last named removed 
to Arkansas in 1838 and was a popular planta- 
tion overseer there. He had a wide and favor- 
able acquaintance, his many good qualities mak- 
ing him highly respected, and he died in Ark- 
ansas at the ripe old age of ninety-six years, 
passing away prior to the Civil war. In his 
family were two sons, William C. and John, and 
three daughters. 

William C. Herring, was reared in the state 
of his nativity, was married in Alabama and sub- 
sequently removed to Arkansas, where he located 
about 1836. There he purchased land and im- 
proved a farm whereon he resided. He was en- 
gaged as overseer of plantations and as a slave 
dealer and he eventually carried on extensive 
farming interests on his own account and owned 
a large number of negroes. He became one of 
the prominent, influential and substantial citi- 
zens of his county. His political allegiance was 
given to the Democracy and he labored for its 
success and growth but never sought or desired 
office for himself. He was a consistent member 
of the Christian church and also an exemplary 
follower of the Masonic fraternity. He died in 
western Arkansas in 187J. and his death was the 
occasion of deep and widespread regret because 
he had endeared himself to his fellowmen who 
recognized his integrity and honor and his de- 
votion to all that is commendable in life. His 
wife survived him for a number of years and 
died in 1882 at the age of sixty-eight. She was 
a daughter of John Richie, of Irish descent and 
a representative of an honored pioneer family 
in Alabama. His children were Edward, a ship 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



85 






builder ; John ; Mrs. Caroline Herring ; Nancy I 
Elizabeth ; Eliza, and others whose names are 
not remembered. To Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Her- 
ring were born eight children: John F., who died 
in Alabama; Stephen J., who follows farming; 
Elizabeth, the wife of C. Potts ; Margaret, the 
wife of J. B. Potts; C. S. and E. A., both of 
whom follow farming; David T. ; and C. B., 
who is also a farmer. 

David T. Herring was reared in Arkansas and 
remained under the parental roof until after he 
had attained his majority. Subsequent to his 
father's death he cared for his mother in her de- 
clining years. In early life he learned the black- 
smith's trade, which he followed for a number 
of years, and he remained in Arkansas during 
his mother's life. While he was living there 
he was elected by his fellow townsmen, without 
his knowledge or consent, to the office of justice 
of the peace. He then served for two years, 
proving capable and faithful in the discharge of 
his duties. 

In June, 1882, Mr. Herring was married and 
the following year removed to Texas, locating 
first in Red River county, where he engaged in 
blacksmithing. During that time he read medi- 
cine in the office and under the direction of J. E. 
Swigley and practiced with him for a few years. 
In 1888 he removed to Montague county and 
located northeast of Bowie, where he engaged 
in merchandising and in the ginning business. 
He spent four years there and was fairly suc- 
cessful. About 1892 he removed to Nocona, 
where he has since been connected with the 
grain trade, buying, shipping and selling grain, 
in which business he yet continues. He has done 
some work at his trade here and he also opened 
a wagon yard. In addition to this he is con- 
ducting a livery stable and running a feed store. 
His various interests still claim his attention and 
he does general trading as well. He is a man 
of excellent business ability, readily recognizing 
and utilizing an opportunity and his prosperity 
is due to his well directed labors. 

Mr. Herring was married in 1882 to Miss 
Emma J. Rollins, who was born in Mississippi, 
in i860, her parents being W. R. and Mary J. 
(Dickens) Rollins, who were likewise natives 
of Mississippi. Her father was a prominent and 
popular physician and surgeon and acted as sur- 
geon in the Confederate army. Following the 
close of the war he removed to Texas and died 
in Red River county in 1895. He was an active 
business man, well equipped for the practice of 
medicine, possessing a very retentive memory 
and maintaining a high standard of ethics. His 
genuine worth commanded the confidence and 



respect of all who came in contact with him and 
he continued in active practice during his busi- 
ness life, his labors proving of much value to 
his fellowmen. Flis wife died in 1888. She 
was a consistent and worthy member of the 
Methodist church and a lady in whose life was 
exemplified the true spirit of Christianity and 
helpfulness. In their family were eight chil- 
dren: James and William, who follow farming; 
John W., a practicing physician; Mary, the wife 
of J. B. Stevens ; Alice, the wife of J. W. Knight; 
Emma J., now Mrs. Plerring ; Martha, the wife 
of H. Rogers ; and Dora, the wife of J. W. Caton, 
an attorney at law. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Herring have been born 
five children: David E., who was born Novem- 
ber 19, 1885, and is now assisting his father; 
Eva P., born March 31, 1890; Verna T., born 
A-Iarch 30, 1804 \ an d Aubra and Audra, twins, 
born September 7, 1896. 

Mr. and Mrs. Herring hold membership in 
the Methodist Episcopal church, are interested 
in its work and contribute generously to its sup- 
port. In political affairs Mr. Herring has been 
very prominent yet he is not a politician in the 
sense of office seeking. Without his solicitation 
he was elected justice of the peace by his fellow 
townsmen, who recognize his worth and ability 
and his patriotic devotion to the general good. 
He was elected for a second term and is now- 
discharging the duties of the office and is like- 
wise mayor of Nocona. He has always been a 
member of the city council and in other positions 
to which he has been called he has been faith- 
ful and loyal to the trust reposed in him and 
has done everything in his power to promote 
public progress along lines of substantial and 
permanent improvement. He is an exemplary 
member of the Masonic fraternity, in which he 
has filled all of the chairs and he likewise holds 
membership relations with the Maccabees and 
the Woodmen of the World. 

MASON CLEVELAND. The bar of John- 
son county has been recognized for its eminent 
ability many years, some of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of the state having felt honored 
to be considered in its membership. Among its 
younger members at the present time, as one 
who has already made a creditable place in the 
various departments of his profession, Mr. Ma- 
son Cleveland has special distinction as the in- 
cumbent of the office of county and district at- 
torney. 

A native of Angelina county, Texas, where he 
was born, March 31, 1871, he is a son of William 
and N. (Hollings worth) Cleveland. His father, 



86 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



bom in Georgia and reared in Mississippi, came 
to Texas in 187 [. and after a brief location in 
Angelina county, during which Mason was born, 
he removed in 1872 with his family to Bosque 
county, locating at Kimball. His father has fol- 
lowed the blacksmith trade most of his life, hav- 
ing learned it when young. Both parents still 
live in Bosque county. 

Mr. Cleveland obtained his early education by 
attending the schools of Kimball, and took up the 
study of law in the office of Poindexter and 
Padelford, of Cleburne, one of the most promi- 
nent legal firms and having one of the most 
extensive law libraries in Texas. This firm has 
been the school of instruction and practical 
preparation for several young men who are mak- 
ing their mark in the law. Mr. Cleveland 
was admitted to the bar in 1895, while 
serving a term as justice of the peace, an 
office to which he had been elected some time 
previously. It was 'only a short time after he 
began his practice in Cleburne before he was 
making a distinct success, with a very gratifying 
legal clientage. He became a candidate for 
county attorney in 1902, was elected by a hand- 
some majority, being re-elected in 1904 without 
opposition. He is prosecuting attorney for both 
the county and district courts, and during his 
term of office has made the very successful rec- 
ord of having convicted more criminals than 
any preceding county attorney in the same length 
of time. A young man of force and energy, of 
open, frank manner, and as a speaker possessing 
a peculiar magnetism that appeals to the jury, he 
has found in the law an inviting field for his tal- 
ents and is rapidly attaining the success to which 
he is entitled. His preceptor, Judge Padelford, 
pays him a high tribute as a man of the most 
sterling worth and character and of the finest 
qualities for a lawyer. 

The family of Mr. Cleveland consists of him- 
self and wife and little daughter. Mary. Before 
her marriage Mrs. Cleveland was Miss Florence 
Martin, daughter of the late John Frank Mar- 
tin, one of the best known and most honored 
characters in Johnson county. Mr. Cleveland 
served as alderman of Cleburne one term. He 
1- ,1 thrice pasl master in the blue lodge of the 
Masons in Cleburne, and also affiliates with the 
chapter and commandery. lie has been an elder 
in the Cumberland Presbyterian church since 
[895. 

I)U. WILLIAM ERNEST CHILTON, phy- 
;i( ian and surgeon of Fort Worth, who, since 
i<ioi has been demonstrator of anatomy and 
lecturer on anatom) in the medical department 



of Fort Worth University, is a native son of 
Texas, his birth having occurred in Comanche 
county in 1877. His parents were J. W. and 
Mary Elizabeth (Hatcher) Chilton. His father 
was born in Tennessee, but has spent most of 
his life in Texas, and for many years was actively 
engaged in merchandising and is still identified 
with mercantile interests, making his home in 
Fort Worth, to which city he removed several 
years ago. 

Dr. Chilton acquired his early education in 
the public schools of this city, attended the high 
school here and studied further at Bethel Col- 
lege in Russellville, Kentucky. His literary 
course being completed be matriculated in the 
medical department of the Fort Worth Uni- 
versity, from which he was graduated in the 
class of 1900. For about two years he was in- 
terne in St. Joseph's Infirmary at Fort Worth 
and attending surgeon for that institution. He 
then became assistant to Dr. Bacon Saunders 
in the Saunders building, in which he has an 
office for his private practice as a physician and 
surgeon. He has been accorded a liberal patron- 
age and as stated, he has been demonstrator of 
anatom}- and lecturer on that subject in the 
medical department of the Fort Worth Univer- 
sity since 1901. He belongs to the Tarrant 
county. North Texas and State Medical Associa- 
tions and also to the American Medical Society, 
while his fraternal relations are with the Kappa 
Sigma. 

JUDGE JOHX W. YE ALE, the acknowl- 
edged leader of the Amarillo bar, has been en- 
gaged in active practice in this city since 1892 
and has extended his work and influence pretty 
much over the Panhandle country. Judge Veale 
probably inherited his taste for law from his 
father, who was for many years a prominent 
jurist of the state, but anyhow the judge has 
made a remarkable success in his profession and 
before reaching middle life has found himself 
in the possession of a large and lucrative 
clientage in a pursuit where success is won only 
by ability and high qualities of personal character. 

Judge Veale was born in Hill county, this 
state, August 10. 1864. being a son of William 
and Lavinia (Hardin) Yeale. His father was 
a Tennesseean by birth and rearing, and he 
started out in life to make his livelihood by 
farming. He came to Texas and settled in Hill 
comity in 1852. He had previously studied law, 
and in 1853 was admitted to the bar of Hill 
county, in which county he also owned and con- 
ducted a farm. He was engaged in practice in 
Hill county until 1865. and then brought his 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



<V 



family to Palo Pinto county and established his 
law office in Palo Pinto, the county seat. In 1876 
he moved to Breckenridge, in Stephens county, 
and lived there until 1898, when he moved back 
to Palo Pinto, where his death occurred in the 
following" year. He had practiced law continu- 
ously since his admission to the bar, for nearly 
half a century, and was a well known and very 
able lawyer. 

Judge Yeale's mother had the distinction of 
having lived in three republics and under four 
national flags. She was born in 1833. in the 
famous old town of Nacogdoches which figures 
so prominently in the history of this state as 
one of the oldest towns in Texas. Texas at that 
time acknowledged the sovereignty of the re- 
public of Mexico, but when she was three years 
old the Republic of Texas came into existence, 
and she later saw Texas as a state of the Union 
and as a member of the Confederacy. She died 
in the spring of 1904. 

As a boy Judge Veale was reared at Palo 
Pinto and Breckenridge, and received a good 
public school education, followed by a two-years' 
course at the Texas Military Institute at Austin. 
He was not long in making up his mind that the 
profession of law should be his life work, and 
during the vears 1884-85 he studied in his fath- 
er's office. In the latter year he was admitted 
to practice in Stephens county by Judge T. B. 
Wheeler, and for the following seven years he 
was engaged in active practice in Stephens coun- 
ty. In 1892 he moved to Amarillo and has 
since been identified with the legal interests of 
this city and the surrounding country. His large 
general practice extends over twenty counties, 
and his ability as a lawyer and his personal ex- 
cellences have made him in every sense a leader 
of his profession in Northwest Texas. 

Judge V r eale is a prominent Mason and has 
attained the Royal Arch degrees. In religion he 
is a member of the Baptist church, while his 
wife's associations are with the Methodists. He 
has a beautiful home in the south part of Ama- 
rillo, on East Twelfth street. The grounds about 
his residence comprise three-fourths of an acre 
and there is a nice orchard, and everything seems 
comfortable and cosy. Judge Veale was mar- 
ried at Cisco, Texas, to Miss Modena Bailey, a 
daughter of Rev. E. A. Bailey, one of the pre- 
siding elders of the Methodist church in Texas. 
They have three children : Lottie, Lucile and 
Charles H. 

JAMES Q. MORRISON, late of Wichita 
Falls, who occupied the responsible position of 
traveling freight agent for the Missouri, Kansas 



and Texas Railroad, at Wichita Falls, where 
he resided since 1884, was a much-esteemed citi- 
zen and made himself a factor of much influence 
and worth in the city and surrounding country. 
He was in different capacities identified with 
railroad business during the last forty years of 
his life, and his executive abilities enabled him 
to give a good account of himself under all 
circumstances and advanced him to a place of 
much importance in that department of enter- 
prise. He likewise proved his worth in civic 
affairs, and as a loyal son of the south gave 
four vears and twenty days of service in the 
Confederate cause, much of the time as a com- 
missioned officer leading his company in battle. 

Mr. Morrison was born near Selma, in Dallas 
county, Alabama, in August, 1835, being a son 
of William Allison and' Mary Eliza (Gilmer) 
Morrison, the family on both sides being south- 
ern. His father was born in North Carolina in 
18 1 3, was reared in Alabama, and in the latter 
part of 1835, when his son James 0. was in 
infancy, moved to Mississippi, being a farmer 
near Water Valley until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1880. His wife was born in South 
Carolina, also in 18 13, and she died in Missis- 
sippi in 1872. 

Mr. Morrison was reared on his father's farm 
near Water Valley, acquiring his education at 
home and in the schools of that neighborhood. 
As soon as he was old enough he went to farm- 
ing on his own account, and for some years be- 
fore the war was successfully engaged in this 
occupation. Previous to the outbreak of the 
rebellion he was lieutenant colonel of the militia 
of his county. Fie was a Whig in political senti- 
ment and favored Stephen A. Douglas for presi- 
dent, but when secession and war became inevit- 
able he declared for his home and the sunny 
south. He enlisted at Water Valley, April 23, 
1861, in Company F, Fifteenth Mississippi In- 
fantry. He was first orderly sergeant, was later 
promoted to the command of his company, and 
in one battle, when all his superiors had been 
killed or disabled, he was in command of the 
regiment. His first service was in Kentucky, 
and he saw some rough warfare at Barboursville 
and other places in the state, receiving some bul- 
let wounds at Fishing Creek, January 19, 1862. 
He was also seriously wounded at Shiloh. Flis 
service extended down into the states of Ten- 
nessee, Mississippi, Louisiana and Alabama ; he 
was in the battle of Resaca and at the siege and 
fall of Atlanta ; he was then in Hood's army on 
the movement back west, participating at Frank- 
lin and Nashville ; after the latter battle his regi- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



ment went to North Carolina, and the final sur- 
render occurred at Greensboro of that state. 

Following the conclusion of peace, he was for 
a time successfully engaged in the mercantile 
business at Water Valley. For the next seven- 
teen years he was in the railroad business with 
headquarters at Water Valley. His first con- 
nection with railroading was with the old Mis- 
sissippi Central before it became a part of the 
Illinois Central. He occupied various positions, 
starting in the engineering department as a 
draftsman, later was division purchasing agent, 
roadmaster, and general construction man, also 
being agent for a time. He had charge of the 
construction department on his division at the 
time the gauge of the entire road, from Cairo to 
New Orleans, was changed to conform to the 
gauge of the Illinois Central, which undertaking 
was accomplished throughout in the phenomenal 
short space of seven hours, and with very little 
interruption to traffic. 

Mr. Morrison and his family started west to 
California in 1884 in order to find a climate 
more favorable to his health. He stopped off at 
Wichita Falls, was pleased with the country from 
every point of view, and lived here to his death. 
During the first year he was appointed agent 
of the Fort Worth and Denver Railroad at this 
point, which position he occupied for six years. 
With Wichita Falls as his headquarters, he was 
then traveling freight and passenger agent for 
the same road, and for several years before his 
death traveling freight and commercial agent 
for the M. K. & T. road, retaining his residence 
and headquarters in Wichita Falls. 

Mr. Morrison's first wife, to whom he was 
married in Mississippi, was Miss Eliza A. Mat- 
thews, a native of that state. She died in Water 
Valley in 1874, and he was married there to 
his present wife, formerly Mrs. Mary J. (Good- 
win) Reese, in 1876. There are three children: 
Thurston A. Morrison, of Dallas, Texas ; Sam- 
uel Elbert Morrison, who is in business at Fort 
Worth ; and Mrs. Lola Kelly. 

Mr. Morrison was a Knight Templar Mason. 
He was elected mayor of Wichita Falls in 1892, 
and had also served as mayor of Water Valley. 
He made the interests of his city his own, and 
through his business connections and by personal 
effort often enhanced the welfare of Wichita 
Falls. He died August 31, 1905, respected by 
all who knew him. .Mrs. Morrison by her first 
husband had six children: Susan, now Mrs. Mc- 
Farland of Pauls Valley, Indian Territory; Em- 
ma, Mi^. Rland of ttevicr, Missouri: Dixie Reese. 
of Birmingham, Alabama; Ephraim Reese, of 
Bridgeport, Texas; Thomas Reese, of Wichita 



Falls, assistant cashier of the City National 
Bank. 

JACOB M. BACK. Since the admission of 
Texas into the Union of states the family of 
which lacob M. Back is a representative has been 
influential in its development and gradually in- 
creasing prosperity. He was born on his father's 
farm near Mansfield, Tarrant county, March 9, 
1861, being a son of Major Jacob and Nancy 
(Murphv) Back. From his native state of Ken- 
tucky Major Back came to Texas in 1843, an d 
two years later, in 1845, took U P ms abode with- 
in the borders of Tarrant county, three miles 
from the city of Mansfield. He was thus num- 
bered among its very earliest settlers, dating his 
arrival here just three days too late to secure 
six hundred and forty acres of pre-emption land. 
He. bow-ever, secured three hundred and twenty 
acres. Throughout the intervening period of his 
life his name was indissolubly connected with its 
annals. His life occupation was the tilling of the 
soil, and he continued to reside on his old home- 
stead near Mansfield until his life's labors were 
ended in death, August 6, 1881. Major Back 
served as a soldier in the Confederate army dur- 
ing the Civil war, enlisting at Mansfield as a 
member of Colonel Darnell's Regiment, and 
served throughout the entire struggle with dis- 
tinction. He is well remembered by all the old 
soldiers and officers of this section of the state. 
He was also one of the early officers of the coun- 
ty, having held the offices of justice of the peace, 
deputy sheriff and many others of trust and im- 
portance. 

Jacob M. Back, a son of this worthy old Tex- 
an pioneer, spent the period of his boyhood and 
youth on the old home farm, receiving his edu- 
cational training at Mansfield, and after enter- 
ing upon his business career he became exten- 
sively engaged in the live stock business in con- 
nection with his farming interests. He buys and 
ships all kinds of live stock, but makes a special- 
ty of hogs, of which he is the most extensive deal- 
er in Tarrant county. His farm is located five 
miles east of Mansfield, and consists of one hun- 
dred and seventy acres of rich and productive 
land. Early in the year 1902 Mr. Back em- 
barked in the mercantile business in Mansfield, 
establishing the firm of Back & McLean, hard- 
ware and implement dealers, and since 1894 has 
maintained his residence in the city and devotes 
his attention to his large and constantly increas- 
ing business, although he still retains his farming 
and stock-raising interests. He is a very suc- 
cessful business man, and has prospered in his 
various financial undertakings. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



89 



Mr. Back married Miss Alicia Munsey, a native 
daughter of Illinois, but reared in Texas, and 
they have three children — Claude V., Col A. and 
Nannie Lu. In his fraternal relations Mr. Back 
is past master of Mansfield Blue Lode:e, A. F. & 
A. M., No. 331, and a Royal Arch Mason. 

CHRISTIAN H. BOEDEKER. That man 
whose youth was hampered by unfavorable en- 
vironment and yet wins every engagement in 
his battle of life with the nation's industries pos- 
sesses a genius for human affairs. Nature so 
endowed him in compensation for his misfor- 
tunes in childhood and her guardian eye shapes 
his course and guards his destiny like a sentinel 
at his post. To be orphaned in infancy, to be 
separated from the maternal fireside in early 
youth and to cross, alone, the briny deep separat- 
ing two continents and to take one's station in 
the ranks of labor, amid new scenes and in a 
new world, requires a rare human courage, but 
to pass creditablv through successive stages of 
industry, to enter commerce and win confidence 
and position in its domain, and to maintain a 
social and civil standing obscuring all his other 
achievements, displays talent akin to genius and 
cap-sheafs one's career and gives to his life the 
glittering crown of public approval. 

The history of the frontier settlements of the 
west is spiced with instances of rare human 
achievement worked out in the course of years 
by persons whose early lives were without prom- 
ise and whose destiny seemed that of a humble 
citizen in one of life's honored vocations. Thou- 
sands of young men have made fortunes in the 
west and multitudes of them have won fame and 
fortune in Texas, but it remains for Montague 
county, in the person of Christian H. Boedeker, 
of Bowie, to provide its posterity with a life so 
hampered in childhood, so circumscribed in 
youth, so ordinary in early manhood and so filled 
with material, civil and spiritual successes in 
middle life as to be without accurate parallel in 
the annals of our day. 

In the Privince of Westphalia, in the village 
of Buende, Christian H. Boedeker was born on 
the twenty-second of January, 1852. Fred Boed- 
eker, a blacksmith, was his father and Julia Well- 
man was his mother. In 1857 the father died and 
the rearing of his three sons, and their proper 
training, fell to their mother and a stepfather. 
Christian H., the oldest, came to the United 
States in 1867 and Gustav and Fred followed 
later on. Gustav is a machinist residing in St. 
Louis and Fred owns a confectionery and cold- 
storage business in Dallas, Texas. 



The compulsory education laws of the German 
Empire guarantee the education of the youth up 
to the age of fourteen and it was the province of 
Christian Boedeker to become a blacksmith's 
apprentice. From his stepfather he gained that 
knowledge of the trade which assured his suc- 
cess at the forge and when he landed at Castle 
Garden, New York, it was in compliance with 
the urgent invitation of an uncle to cast his lot 
with Americans where the door of opportunity 
stood wide open to the sincere and industrious 
youth. His first employer was Mr. Burch, a car- 
riage-maker in St. Louis, Missouri, in whose 
factory he remained four years. . Two years 
more were passed in other factories in that city 
before he abandoned his trade for the alluring 
promises of farm life on the Texas frontier. The 
few hundred dollars he had amassed from his 
wages as a mechanic he invested in a farm ten 
miles west of Gainesville and entered the new 
and untried domain of agriculture. 

As a farmer Mr. Boedeker's maiden efforts 
were without encouraging results. But when 
he paid less attention to cotton and more to cat- 
tle the smiles of fortune came his way. Desiring 
a wider and freer range he brought his stock 
to Montague county in 1878 and purchased a 
tract of grass land six miles west of where 
Bowie was afterward founded. Salem was a 
postoffice and store nearest to him and for twelve 
years his successful identity with the stock busi- 
ness was a matter of common report. As he 
prospered he extended his landed domain, and 
two thousand acres of farming lands are now 
listed to him in Montague county. Although he 
has abandoned the active supervision of his ag- 
ricultural interests, or that of his stock, he keeps 
in touch with them both and it furnishes him 
with a pleasant diversion from the multifarious 
and wearing duties claiming his attention at the 
bank. 

With the growth of Mr. Boedeker's grazing 
and agricultural interests came the positive evi- 
dences of his commercial genius. He became in- 
terested in banking and his rare grace of man- 
ner and business acumen, coupled with his 
equable temperament and recognized mental bal- 
ance, suggested his selection for an officer of 
the City National Bank. He moved to Bowie 
in 1890 and took the place of assistant to Cashier 
Wade Atkins and was made cashier when Mr. 
Atkins was promoted. January 1, 1903, the di- 
rectory elected him president of the bank and 
for more than two years the bank's growth and 
its good name have lain nearest to his heart. 

While not a politician, and yet in politics, Mr. 
Boedeker disclaims any thought of personal ad- 



90 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



vantage from the public expression of his neigh- 
bors which made him mayor of their city. He 
was first elected in 1901 and again in 1903 and 
as chief executive of Bowie his aim and desire 
lias been to improve and strengthen its physical 
and financial condition. After his two terms 
in office the streets are in order, the water serv- 
ice shows vast improvement, the fire depart- 
ment has become efficient and city scrip has 
passed from a discount of seventy-five per cent 
to par. As an additional evidence of his sin- 
cere interest in his town he has aided in and 
encouraged the organization of a company to 
build the Oklahoma, and Texas Railway, project- 
ed from Nocona to Bowie, of which company he 
is treasurer. 

January 28, 1891. Christian H. Boedeker and 
Miss Kate Dietz were married in St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. Mrs. Boedeker is a daughter of George 
Dietz, a gentleman of German birth, and she 
and her husband, having no issue, are rearing and 
educating an adopted son, Paul Boedeker, born 
111 [895. 

The life of our subject has been an exemplary 
one. His identity with moral questions is well 
known and his substantial contribution to all 
Christian endeavor is never withheld. The sub- 
scription list for the building of a public build- 
ing in Bowie or out of it always finds its way, 
early, to his liberal hand. A religious man in 
thought and action himself, he leads others by 
his example and influence into more moral and 
upright lives. His name is on the rolls of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian church and he is hon- 
ored with an eldership bv his congregation. 

\V. S. THURSTON, a prominent and exten- 
sive implement dealer of Nocona, is numbered 
among the citizens that Alabama has furnished 
to the Lone Star state. He was born in Ala- 
bama, February 20, 1850, but was reared in 
Virginia. 1 lis parents were William S. and 
Emily ( Eaves ) Thurston, the former a native 
of Virginia, and the latter of Alabama, in which 
state their marriage was celebrated. The Thurs- 
tons were among the prominent and aristocratic 
families of the Old Dominion, were large land- 
owners and extensive slave holders. 

William S. Thurston was born and reared in 
Virginia and when a young man went to Ala- 
bama, where he was married. After a number 
oi years, however, he returned to his native 
state for tin- purpose of settling up an estate. 
The only living member of the family at that 
time was his great-grandmother, who died while 
he was arranging to settle up the estate, being 
at that time one hundred ami six years of age. 



About that time the Civil war was inaugurated 
and within a short time his wife died in Ala- 
bama. After the war the family was completely 
broken up. William S. Thurston had two broth- 
ers, George and Henry, all of whom went to Ala- 
bama. Henry never married and George married 
and left one son, who is now living in Hunt coun- 
ty, Texas, and he and our subject, W. S. Thurs- 
ton, are the only surviving members of the old 
Virginia family. Little is known concerning the 
ancestral history. 

.When William S. Thurston returned to the 
Old Dominion he was accompanied by the son, 
W. S. Thurston, then eight years of age. The 
father died, the slaves were all liberated, the 
property was devastated and the estate has never 
yet been settled. W. S. Thurston was taken into 
the home of an old Virginian and he well remem- 
bers all the horrors of war and the devastation 
caused to property. He would have to get the 
mail in those early days and was often sent to see 
if the Yankees were coming. He likewise as- 
sisted in the labors of the farm, but he had few 
educational privileges. In 1865, when fifteen 
years of age, he left the farm and went to Rich- 
mond, Virginia, where he secured employment, 
learning the blacksmith's trade. On leaving that 
place he made his way to Mississippi, where he 
followed his trade, and subsequently he came to 
Texas. Learning that the government was clear- 
ing a raft out. of the Red river and needed a 
blacksmith he made his way to Shreveport and 
secured employment that he sought. There he 
remained until yellow fever drove him away, 
when he came to Cooke county, Texas, where he 
opened a blacksmith shop. Later he was em- 
ployed as a clerk in a store, remaining three 
years there, and then, after some time spent in 
various other places, he settled at Red River 
Station, in Montague county, where he estab- 
lished and conducted a small store and shop, con- 
tinuing at that place until the railroad was built, 
when he removed to Nocona. 

This was in 1887, and in the new town Mf. 
Thurston built a shop and was the first black- 
smith here. He also added a stock of machinery, 
and after a few years he abandoned blacksmith- 
ing and built a large business house, in which he 
carries an extensive line of all kinds of farm im- 
plements and machinery, wagons, carriages, har- 
ness and other like merchandise. His business is 
now extensive, his sales amounting to about 
twenty-five thousand dollars annually. 

While living at Red River Station Mr. Thurs- 
ton was married to Mrs. Jane A. Hood, a widow. 
She first married a Mr. McGrady, becoming his 
wife in Missouri. Thev removed' from that state 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



9i 



to Texas, and by this marriage there were four 
children, namely : Lee McGrady, a cattleman ; 
Mrs. Ena Myers, who is now in Illinois ; Mrs. 
Laura Campbell, who after her husband's death 
returned home to live with her. mother , Mrs. 
Thurston ; and Charles, who is assisting Mr. 
Thurston in his business. After losing her first 
husband, Mrs. McGrady became the wife of 
Thomas Hood, a pioneer farmer of Montague 
county, Texas. They had one son, Clark Hood, 
who was reared and educated by Mr. Thurston, 
and is yet at home assisting him in his business. 
Mrs. Thurston was born in Alabama and in her 
early girlhood removed to Missouri, where she 
was reared and married. She was a lady of intel- 
ligence and worth of character and a worthy 
member of the Christian church. This union has 
been blessed with a daughter, Anna, who is yet 
at home. Mrs. Thurston departed this life in 
1897. Mr. Thurston, with his daughter and step- 
children, reside in Nocona and is accounted one 
of its most enterprising and progressive business 
men, meeting with splendid success in all that he 
undertakes. 

ROBERT FIELDS LeMOND, M. D„ a spe- 
cialist on the diseases of the eye, ear, nose and 
throat, is successfully engaged in practice in 
Fort Worth. His ambition to secure an education 
in his youth and early manhood is typical of his 
entire life's progress, for his career has been 
permeated by a desire for advancement and im- 
provement and he stands as one of the most dis- 
tinguished representatives of his specialty in the 
practice in Texas. Born in Springfield, Lime- 
stone county, this state, he is a son of C. M. and 
Mary (Fields) LeMond. His father was a native 
of North Carolina and belonged to an old Vir- 
ginia family. Coming to Texas about 1855, he lo- 
cated in Limestone county, whence he afterward 
removed to Gonzales county, where he lived until 
1875, in which year he took up his abode in Van 
Zandt county. Subsequently he removed to Qua- 
nah, in Hardeman county, which was his home 
for nearly twenty years, and there he passed 
away in June, 1904, at the age of seventy-eight 
years, respected by all who knew him. During 
his active life he was a successful farmer and 
was a man of the finest character and personal 
attributes. His wife, who died many years ago, 
was a native of Mississippi. 

Dr. LeMond was reared upon the home farm, 
and from his earliest boyhood had ambition to 
secure a superior education. From the time that 
he entered school he was an earnest and devoted 
student, applying himself assiduously to the tasks 
assigned and winning many honors in his later 



school life. His primary education was obtained 
in the schools of Gonzales county and in Van 
Zandt county and when about eighteen he passed 
an examination whereby he secured a teacher's 
certificate, subsequent to which time he taught 
school for two years. He then entered upon fur- 
ther study at Cedar Grove College in Kaufman 
county, where he was graduated with the highest 
general average that had been made in that 
school for eleven years and was given a certifi- 
cate to that effect by the faculty. Returning to 
Van Zandt county Dr. LeMond received appoint- 
ment as a member of the board of examiners for 
the county and again engaged in teaching school 
for about a year. In the meantime an examina- 
tion was held at Tyler for the Peabody scholar- 
ship, and in the competition were about tln-ee 
hundred applicants from ten counties. There 
were two scholarships to award and Dr. LeMond, 
taking the examination, was awarded the first 
place in the contest. This scholarship gave him 
admittance and tuition in the University of Ten- 
nessee at Nashville, where he was graduated 
with the degree of master of arts, while later the 
degree of doctor of law was conferred upon him. 

Returning to Van Zandt county, Dr. LeMond 
resumed the profession of teaching, but regarded 
this as an initial step to other professional labor, 
devoting his leisure hours to reading medicine 
under a private preceptor. Subsequently he 
matriculated in the Hospital College of Medicine 
at Louisville, where he was graduated in 1885. 
His first practice was in Van Zandt county, and 
later he practiced at Wolfe City. In 1887 he de- 
cided to make a specialty of the diseases of the 
eve, ear, nose and throat, and with this end in 
view he took up post graduate work at St. Louis 
and later in New York City, where he pursued 
the courses in ophthalmology and otology in the 
Post Graduate Medical College. There he made 
such an excellent record personally and profes- 
sionally that he received the complimentary 
award of an appointment as interne in the Man- 
hattan Eye and Ear Hospital. That proved an 
excellent training for him, adding greatly to his 
experience, and, returning to Texas, he began 
practice as a specialist at El Paso. 

Dr. LeMond's ability and success were such 
that he was recommended by the State Medical 
Society for the professorship of diseases of the 
eye in the medical department of the University 
of Texas at Galveston and went to New York 
to get some letters of endorsement from his 
former professors for the purpose of prosecut- 
ing his application for the position. While in 
the east, however, he was offered another posi- 
tion as lecturer on diseases of the eve. in Gross 



'»- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Medical College at Denver, Colorado, being espe- 
cially recommended for the position by Dr. St. 
John Roosa, president of the faculty of the Post 
Graduate Medical College. Deciding to accept the 
latter position Dr. LeMond accordingly located 
at Denver, where he lived for eleven years with 
the exception of a short time spent in California. 
He became professor of diseases of the eye and 
ear in Gross Medical College, attending ophthal- 
mologist to the Arapahoe County Hospital and 
the Deaconess Hospital, ophthalmologist to the 
Herman Strauss Free Clinic and other positions 
of a similar nature in Denver. In addition to 
these he enjoyed a most lucrative and successful 
private practice as a specialist, performing many 
remarkable cures in diseases of the eye and ear 
and in the performance of operations along that 
line that received the commendation of the medi- 
cal profession throughout the United States. He 
contributed quite extensively to medical literature 
on subjects connected with his special branches 
and in reporting his cases and his investigations. 
These articles have appeared in the Journal of the 
. Imerican Medical Society, the Annals of Ophthal- 
mology and Otology and other publications of 
the day. Dr. LeMond also delivered the address 
to the graduating class of the Hospital College of 
Medicine at Louisville June 20, 1894, and he en- 
joyed the highest friendship and esteem of the 
general medical profession in Denver. 

About 1898 Dr. LeMond became interested in 
the movement for municipal reform in Denver, 
principally in connection with the water works, 
and allying himself with the Democratic party 
of that city he made a number of speeches that 
brought him into such political prominence that 
he was offered the Democratic nomination for 
congress, but after some consideration of this he 
declined the honor. He was, however, a public 
spirited citizen, interested in all that pertained to 
the welfare of the municipality and he enjoyed 
the friendship of the business men of Denver 
as well as his professional contemporaries. 

Dr. LeMond has lost his wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Miss Alice Tate, but he has one 
son. He is a Knight Templar and has taken the 
higher degrees of Masonry and is also connected 
with the Mystic Shrine. He has also been an 
active member of various medical societies. In 
March, 1905, he returned to his native state, lo- 
cating at Fort Worth, where he was welcomed 
by the medical profession as a most worthy addi- 
tion to their number and where he will continue 
to make his home. He is a very warm-hearted 
man, a typical southern gentleman and attracts 
people to him in strong and enduring friend- 
ships. 



DR. LEWIS C. TYSON is a prominent phy- 
sician and man of affairs of Wichita Falls, where 
during the past decade he has built up a large 
practice and taken first rank in his profession 
and also displayed his progressive and enter- 
prising spirit by engaging in up-to-date agricul- 
tural endeavors. He is a popular and public- 
spirited man, wielding a large personal influence, 
and is of the type of citizenship which is par- 
ticularly useful in the upbuilding of new com- 
munities like Wichita Falls. 

Dr. Tyson is a son of Josiah and Mehaly (Me- 
Geehe) Tyson. His father was a native of 
North Carolina, whence early in life he moved 
down into Georgia and located in Merriwether 
count}-, where he became a wealthy planter and 
owner of an extensive plantation. He belonged 
to the state guards during the war. Dr. Tyson 
was born on this Georgia plantation November 
26, 1849, and during the rebellion was a young 
lad old enough to realize the horrors of war but 
unable to take part in it. The family estate was 
on the edge of the fighting district through which 
the army of Sherman marched, devastating and 
really making "war hell" through all that belt 
of country. Dr. Tyson has many vivid recol- 
lections of those times, and years can ameliorate 
but not efface all the impressions he then re- 
ceived. 

He received most of his early education at 
Milledgeville and after reaching manhood he 
decided to study medicine. He was graduated 
from the Washington University Medical de- 
partment of St. Louis, Missouri, in 1883, but 
previous to this he had practiced as an under- 
graduate at Harrison, Arkansas, and after grad- 
uation he went back to that place and con- 
tinued his successful practice until 1893. He 
was then obliged to move in order to find a 
more favorable climate, and in that year located 
at Wichita Falls. Texas, where he has since come 
into a profitable practice. He is president of 
the Wichita County Medical Society and is a 
member of the Texas State Medical Associa- 
tion. 

The material welfare of Wichita county, es- 
pecially agricultural interests, has also attracted 
his attention. Several years ago he constructed 
and now operates a large irrigation plant, 
formed by a dam across the river from Wichita 
Falls. This plant irrigates two hundred and fif- 
teen acres of his big tract of one thousand acres, 
two miles east of Wichita Falls, and in the 
course of time it will also be used for irrigating 
other farms in the vicinity. He maintains on 
this farm an expert cotton-raiser. In addition to 
the large crops of cotton and alfalfa, a specialty 




LEWIS C. TYSON 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



93 



is being" made of producing cantaloupes for the 
northern markets. Dr. Tyson is one of the 
pioneers in this industry in Wichita county, and 
the melons produced in this county bid fair to 
rival the famous Rocky Fords, and extensive 
preparations are being made to increase the pro- 
duct and make it one of the permanent resources 
of this region. Dr. Tyson is treasurer of the 
Wichita Valley Melon Growers' Association. 

Dr. Tyson's first wife was Miss Nancy E. 
Keele, a daughter of Dr. G. C. Kee.le. She died 
in 1895, leaving six children, as follows : Walter 
Scott, Virgia Irene, Lewis Amos, Alice S., Goldie 
and Nancy Elizabeth. The present Mrs. Tyson 
was Miss Mattie Kerley. daughter of W. G. Ker- 
ley, and by this union there are four children : 
Joe Bill, Florence, Katharine and John. 

JAMES DAVID MANNING. Scotch deter- 
mination and Irish wit make a combination of 
blood of which much of our vigorous American- 
ism is made and the resultant of its union in our 
counting houses, the professions, the shops and 
in the fields build into the fabric of our national 
life those dominant characteristics which distin- 
guish us as a republic. The Scotch-Irish amal- 
gam sails the seas, tunnels the earth, digs canals, 
wins battles and victories everywhere and is a 
race always to be reckoned with in a struggle 
for industrial supremacy. They are everywhere 
on our frontier building homes and establishing 
institutions which advance our civilization and 
from this great body of rural settlers much of 
the generations of the future will come. Incon- 
spicuous among this vast throng, though earnest 
and positive as a citizen in his sphere, is James 
David Manning, of Wise county, whose name in- 
troduces this personal sketch. 

In this article the Irish Manning and the 
Scotch Stephens is united in the authorship of 
our subject, and while their relationship with the 
pure bloods of each is a remote one, it is suffi- 
cient, even in the names, to identify the stock 
and to satisfy posterity of the genuineness of its 
origin. The paternal grandfather of our subject 
was a native of the state of North Carolina, and 
his vocation was that of a farmer. He lived in 
Alabama, at an early 'period of his mature life, 
and passed away in Mississippi. Among his chil- 
dren were: Robert, father of our subject ; David, 
Henry and yet others, and in 1837 the family ad- 
vanced a step farther west and settled in DeSoto 
county, Mississippi. In this vicinity Robert Man- 
ning met his future wife, and the union of the 
Mannings and the Stephens was made. 

Robert Manning was born in 1812 and died in 
DeSoto county, Mississippi, in 1865. Farming 



was his vocation also, and prior to the war over- 
seeing slaves was his station. He was not active- 
ly in the Confederate service during the rebellion, 
but was a militiaman and aided the southern cause 
as a Home Guard in his state. His wife was 
Sarah J. Stephens, a daughter of Pierce Stephens, 
whose other children were: George W., Eaton, 
Elijah and Ann, wife of Mr. Jennings. In 1869 
Mrs. Manning brought her family of grown and 
growing children out to the Lone Star state and 
settled a farm north of Decatur, in Wise county. 
Until 1878 she was permitted to live among and 
guide and counsel her children, but that year she 
passed away, having been the mother of : Jane, 
wife of H. T. Bernard, of Wise county ; Narcissa, 
who died in Mississippi as the wife of Joseph 
Williams ; Sallie, who passed away in Sebastian 
county, Arkansas, as the wife of Joe Tidwell ; 
Mary Helen, wife of Ben Shreves, of Jack coun- 
ty, Texas ; J. David and William, of Wise coun- 
ty : Nannie, who married Lawson Reeves, of 
Oklahoma, and Mattie E., wife of Jerre Adams, 
of Wise county. 

J. David Manning was born in DeSoto coun- 
ty, Mississippi, July 27, 1852, and at the age of 
fifteen years he accompanied the family by rail 
to New Orleans, by boat to Galveston, and by 
rail again to Calvert, Texas. They reached De- 
catur in course of a long drive and found a few 
rude houses dotted about on the Proctor hill. 
Here he subsequently attended school three 
months, one Crowell being the master in charge. 
In a few years he joined George M. Stephens' 
Ranger company, which traversed the counties 
of Clay, Jack, Young and Archer while scouting 
for the red man, and not infrequently did they 
come into contact with their wily foe. 

On August 3, 1873. nine of the scouts, includ- 
ing Mr. Manning, encountered three hundred and 
fifty Indians on the East Wichita river, in Archer 
county, and from eleven in the morning until 
sunset lay in a ravine and defended themselves 
with Winchester and six-shooter, making havoc 
among the band, killing the chief and driving 
them to cover with their dead. Captain Stephens 
was wounded in the fight and it was his advice 
that before the Indians' return from disposing 
of the chief the Rangers had better escape a 
charge and probable extermination by then strik- 
ing the trail, and this they did, later on hearing 
the blood-thirsty band, disappointed and in pur- 
suit. At another time thirty-seven Rangers fought 
some three hundred Indian:, in Loving's Valley, 
losing in the engagement two men and many 
horses, and in this little scrimmage Mr. Manning 
also participated. 



94 



IISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



When he located to himself and undertook the 
battle of civil life Mr. Manning settled farther 
north of Decatur, where he lived some fifteen 
years, and improved and ultimately sold a fairly 
good farm. He then added his presence to the 
community in which he is now an honored resi- 
dent, and began the grubbing out of a new farm 
and the building of a new home. He bought a 
hundred acres in the brush, built him a small 
box house out of lumber hauled from Sunset for 
the purpose. He began raising corn and cotton 
and prosperity came to him in proportion to the 
effort he expended. He bought other land from 
time to time and brought it under plow until 
two hundred and seventy of his three hundred 
and fifty-one acres bring him an annual crop. 

August 25, 1875, J. D. Manning and Miss Mil- 
lie Guinn were married. Mrs. Manning was a 
daughter of John Guinn, who came to Texas 
from Louisiana, where she was born in 1857. 
Mr. Guinn married a Thompson, and Mrs. Man- 
ning was one of five children resulting from their 
union. The children born to J. D. and Millie 
Manning were : Carro, who died at the age of 
twenty-three as the wife of George Blythe, left 
issue, Earnest, Vera and Clarence ; Dora, wife 
of N. G. McClain, is the mother of Hershell and 
Roy ; John R., Marion D., Dee, Homer J.. Buford 
H., Thomas Merl, Calvin and Escal. 

Mr. Manning has held no public office other 
than a member of the school board, is a Democrat 
and communes in the Baptist church. 

WILLIAM TANNER. Among the pioneers 
to Clay county whose settlement here gave a dis- 
tinctively upward and forward impetus to its in- 
ternal development was the late William Tanner, 
whose achievements in his Texas home stand as 
a monument to his energy, industry and business 
sagacity. Although he lived here but a score of 
years, and much of that period at a time when 
farming didn't pay, yet he managed his affairs 
and so conducted his business as to become a 
prominent character among the home-builders of 
his ci unity. 

It was in October of 1874 that William Tanner 
brought his little family to Clay county and set- 
tled them in a rude but comfortable log house 
of two rooms, after the first winter, on his four 
hundred and eighty acre tract of raw land three 
miles northeast of Henrietta. He proceeded to 
the improvement of his farm by fencing it around 
with a rail fence, which the prairie fires afterward 
destroyed. His abode the first winter was a 
simple camp on the slough and his chief occupa- 
tion for the first few years was the growing of 
cattle, which gave way as the county settled up 



to the raising of improved grades of horses, 
notably of the Percheron stock. He made a suc- 
cess of all his stock enterprises and shipped his 
horses to markets in Illinois and drove his cattle 
to the railroad at Hunnewell, Kansas. The profits 
from his efforts on the farm enabled him to 
double the size of his original purchase, and it 
was this desirable homestead, well improved and 
well stocked, that he left to his widow and chil- 
dren when he passed away January 7, 1894. 

Mr. Tanner was a settler from Montgomery 
county, Illinois, where he located upon his advent 
to the United States in 1853. He was a farmer 
and stock-raiser there, and had made something 
of a start in life when he sold his possessions to 
come to Texas. He was born in Slone House 
Barracks, in England, his father, William Tan- 
ner, being a soldier in the king's army. His birth 
occurred March 24, 1826, and when four years of 
age his parents took up their residence in Ire- 
land, where the father died in 1838. His mother, 
nee Sarah Whaley, died at Tuskin Pass, Ireland, 
being the mother of William, Jane, wife of 
Nathaniel Henry, and Hannah, both in their 
native Ireland. 

William Tanner*s first endeavor on his own 
account was as a farmer in Ireland, and his last 
one there was as a merchant in Tuskin Pass. He 
came to the United States because of its numer- 
ous and varied opportunities and was accompa- 
nied on his voyage from Waring Point, Ireland, 
to Liverpool by his newly married wife. At Liv- 
erpool he took the sailer Jacob A. Westervelt for 
New York, and after a rough voyage of six 
weeks landed at Castle Garden. A visit of three 
weeks was made with friends and relatives in the 
metropolis and the young couple started on their 
Ions: journey to Chicago and finally to Naples. 
Illinois. Stopping at Springfield en route Mr. 
Tanner entered government land, but passed his 
first winter in Hillsboro. The next year he got 
firmly settled in his new and frontier home, made 
all its substantial improvements and parted with 
it only to share in the development of the Lone 
Star state. On his trip south he came by rail to 
Sherman, where Dr. Eldridge, a promoter of 
western settlements, located him in Clay county. 
He provided himself with team, wagon and some 
farming implements — which latter he really 
brought from Illinois — and without notable inci- 
dent made his way out to his future home. 

In March, 1852, William Tanner married Eliza 
A. Best, a daughter of Robert and Sarah 
(Thompson) Best, both of the parents dying in 
county Armagh, Ireland. Of their children Wil- 
liam lived in Macoupin county, Illinois, many 
years, was captain of a company in the Union 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



95 



army during the war, went to Dallas, Texas, in 
1874, was a merchant there many years and died 
there in March, 1904; John is in county Armagh 
and Sarah is married and resides in Belfast, Ire- 
land ; Joseph lives in Australia and James died in 
Ireland ; Alary married Mr. Porter and is in her 
native Armagh, while Robert lives in Fannin 
county, Texas ; Thomas is connected with a bank 
in Cork, and Eliza is at home with her sons in 
Clay county. Mrs. Tanner was born December 

21, 1836, and her children are: Robert, born 
July 6, 1855 ; Thomas, born December 3, 1857, 
is in Hobart, Oklahoma, and has a son Harry ; 
William Henry, born February 28, i860, died 
August 6 of the same year ; Charles, born March 

22, 1862, died December 9, 1863; Patrick E., 
born May 28, 1864, died September 16 following ; 
John H., born September 2, 1865, married Alice 
Flippin and resides at Broken Arrow, Indian 
Territory, and has children, Samuel R., Thomas 
J. and Alike May ; Lucy, born February 19, 1868, 
resides on the old home, and is the wife of S. 
R. Bean ; Sarah May, born January 5, 1870, resides 
in Henrietta and is the wife of George S. Ellis, 
with one child, William Sanders ; William, born 
December 25, 1872, died in September, 1881 ; Illi- 
nois J., born August 30, 1874, died April 3, 1903 ; 
Harry L., born November 10, 1878, operates, in 
conjunction with his brother Robert, the home- 
stead, and is an active participant in the affairs 
of the home. Like their father, the sons cling to 
stock as the surest profit winner of the farm 
and they also cultivate several hundred acres to 
grain and feed. 

In politics W r illiam Tanner was a Democrat and 
his sons at home have yielded to the persuasions 
of the same faith. They entertain and have enter- 
tained a good citizen's interest in local and state 
affairs, and their convictions are nearly always 
expressed at the polls. 

GEORGE W. CURTSINGER. The mer- 
cantile interests of Collin county were for many 
years ably served by the gentleman whose name 
initiates this brief sketch, and his commercial 
connections with that county, like his connection 
with the grazing industry of Clay county, were 
of a high order and placed him among the emi- 
nently representative citizens of his county. Since 
the early spring of 1890 his lot has been cast 
with the community of Joy, in Clay county, 
where his presence is effectivelv revealed by his 
works and where substantial contributions to the 
county's development have been made. 

The years of Mr. Curtsinger's childhood and 
youth were passed upon his father's Kentucky 
farm, for it was in Washington county, that 



state, that his birth occurred September 7, 185 1. 
He was of an ancient family of the "Corn Crack- 
er" state, and Sanford Curtsinger, his father, was 
born in the county of Washington in February, 
182 1. The latter was a modest farmer, and when 
he came to Texas in 1876 he resumed the calling 
of his early life in Collin county. Since 1894 his 
residence has been maintained in Bolivar, Denton 
county, where he is in the enjoyment of a hearty 
old age. 

The Curtsinger origin is presumably German 
and of Pennsylvania stock. Our subject's grand- 
father, John Curtsinger, migrated to Kentucky 
from the Keystone state in the forepart of the 
eighteenth century and founded this branch of the 
Curtsinger family. He settled in Washington 
county, aided in the first work of reduction of 
nature in the state of Daniel Boone and died 
there at about ninety-seven years of age. His 
wife was a Hickason and their children were 
Martin, John, James William, Sanford, "Doc," 
Louisa, wife of William Pool ; Elizabeth, wife of 
William Cheshire ; Lucinda married W. J. S. 
Huff, and Jane, who became Mrs. William 
Bishop. 

Sanford Curtsinger married Mary A., a daugh- 
ter of Eleven White and Betsy (Hupp) White. 
Mary (White) Curtsinger was born in Washing- 
ton county, Kentucky, in 1830, September 14, 
and is the companion of her worthy husband to- 
day. Their children were : William H., of Qua- 
nah, Texas; George W., of this notice; John L., 
of Bolivar, Texas ; Jesse F., of Krum, Texas ; 
James D., of Hereford, Texas ; Richard, of Prior 
Creek, Indian Territory ; Samuel, of Bolivar ; 
Emma, wife of Xat Pipes, of Collin county; Bet- 
tie, now Mrs. William Coconougher, of Collin 
countv, and Alice, who married James Stogner, 
of Denton county. 

George W. Curtsinger acquired a liberal Eng- 
lish education in the country and village schools 
of his native county and remained an adjunct to 
the parental home till approaching his twentieth 
year. He became a farmer on beginning an inde- 
pendent career and continued it until his advent 
to Texas and the west, when he embarked in the 
mercantile business at McKinney, in Collin coun- 
ty. His means were limited, and his first stock 
was, consequently, a very modest and unpreten- 
tious one. The firm for several years was Curt- 
singer Bros., but lastly a change to Curtsinger 
& Lewis was made, and the business grew in im- 
portance and extent until the stock carried repre- 
sented several thousand dollars and the business 
done reached a total of $50,000 a year. Constant 
confinement told on our subject's constitution in 
time and, following the warning and advice of 



9 6 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



a physician, he sold his interest in the store and 
sought rest and recuperation on his Clay county 
ranch. 

For some years prior to his abandonment of 
mercantile pursuits Mr. Curtsinger had had stock 
interests in Clay county on a tract of wild land 
near Joy. When it was decided to change his 
residence to his ranch he erected a commodious 
cottage and other suitable structures and June 6, 
1890, he took possession of his new permanent 
home. Grain and cattle raising constitute his 
chief interest and his herd of mixed stock cattle 
are approaching a high grade of White Faces, 
originating from registered stuff from the Blue 
Grove Stock Farm. 

September 21, 1870, Mr. Curtsinger married 
in Washington county, Kentucky, Dicea, a 
daughter of Isaac and Rolanda (McMannis) 
Lynch. Mr. Lynch died in 1884 at the age of 
fifty-four, while his widow survived until 1888, 
dying at the age of seventy-four. Merideth 
Lynch, their first born, resides at Bloomfield, 
Kentucky ; Mrs. Curtsinger, the second, was born 
April 30, 1853. The others were : Susan, of Wash- 
ington count}', is the wife of William Baker; 
James, who died in 1892 ; Andrew, of Marion 
county, Kentucky ; Bettie, of Nashville, Missouri ; 
wife of Stephen D. Crouch ; Isaac, of Springfield, 
Kentucky; William, who died in Dallas, Texas, 
left a daughter, Birdie, of Waco ; Jerome, of 
Shelby county, Kentucky, and Rolanda, wife of 
Henry Scruggs, of Washington county, Ken- 
tucky. 

The issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. 
Curtsinger are: Laura E." wife of Arthur R. 
Clerihew, of Antelope, Texas, with children, 
Willie. Morris, Arthur J., Flo and Mildred; Lucy 
S., wife of E. A. Hicks, of Joy, Texas, with chil- 
dren, Eileen and Ruth; Ivan J., class of 1004, 
graduate law department of the State University 
of Texas; Walter, of Dallas, Texas, married 
Rena Webster, and Eugene, a student in Palm- 
er's Studio of Music at Denton. Stanley and An- 
drew are two sons who died in early childhood. 

Win- twenty-eight years' residence in the Lone 
-star state, living a strenuous and industrious life, 
in the pursuit of an honorable competence for his 
declining years, we find George W. Curtsinger 
in the near approach to the evening of his career 
with ample provision for his future domestic 
needs, with honorable offspring taking their sta- 
tions and doing their part in the affairs of men 
and with an untarnished name and a character 
unimpeached or unassailed. 

DR. FRANK I). B< >YD. oculist for the State 
and Masonic I Irphans' and Widows' Home at 



Fort Worth and lecturer on hygiene and physical 
diagnosis in the medical department of the Fort 
Worth University, while in his private practice 
he is an eye, ear, nose and throat specialist at 
Fort Worth, was born in Rusk, Cherokee county 
Texas, his parents beingr John A. and Amy (Har- 
rison) Boyd. The father is now living in a coun- 
try home three and a half miles from Fort Worth. 
He was born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, and 
came to Texas in 1852, locating in Cherokee 
county, since which time he has followed mer- 
cantile pursuits, becoming a substantial merchant. 
It was in that county that he was married to Miss 
aiti_v Harrison, who was born in Selma, Ala- 
bama, and came to Texas in 1854. 

Dr. Bovd was reared upon the home farm in 
Cherokee county, near Rusk, and completed a 
high school course at that place by graduation, 
after which he became a student in the State 
Agricultural and Mechanical College. He began 
his professional studies rather early in life, his 
first preceptor being Dr. Gracyy, a prominent 
physician of Waxahachie. Subsequently he en- 
tered the medical department of the University 
of Louisville at Louisville, Kentucky, where he 
was graduated in 1890. He had decided upon 
becoming a specialist in diseases of the eye, ear, 
nose and throat and, following his graduation at 
Louisville, he pursued post-graduate work in the 
above mentioned branches in a post-graduate 
medical school and hospital of New York City. 
For the purpose of acquiring still further knowl- 
edge, experience and proficiency he then returned 
to Louisville and became assistant in the office of 
Dr. Cheatham, a noted specialist of that place. 
Later he became assistant in the office of Dr. E. 
Fletcher Ingals of Chicago, from which city he 
removed to San Antonio, Texas, where he prac- 
ticed as a specialist for five years. In June, 1896, 
he removed to Fort Worth, where he has since 
followed his profession with gratifying success, 
resulting from an ambitious effort to acquire the 
best training and preparation possible. His la- 
bors have been most efficient, being attended by 
excellent results in the line of scientific work 
and in addition to the duties of a large private 
practice he is now serving as oculist for the 
State Masonic Orphans' and Widows' Home at 
Fort Worth and is lecturer on hygiene and phys- 
ical diagnosis in the medical department of the 
Port Worth University. 

Dr. Boyd has contributed largely to the litera- 
ture of ophthalmology and otology and devotes 
as much of his spare time as possible to preparing 
articles for the technical journals, usually upon 
subjects in connection with his specialty. He is 
an original thinker and investigated and his 




JOHN T. HONEA 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



97 



labors have brought valuable knowledge to the 
profession. He is a member of the various med- 
ical societies of Texas and the American Medical 
Society, including its specialized branches, while 
his fraternal relations connect him with the Ma- 
sonic lodge, chapter and commandery. 

Dr. Boyd was married in Louisville to Miss 
Mattie E. Callahan, and they have a little daugh- 
ter, Amy Margaret. They lost their oldest child, 
a boy, Frank Douglas, Jr., at the age of five 
years. 

WILLIAM IRVIN GILMORE. The sub- 
ject of this sketch represents one of the families 
who settled early on the Caddo Reservation in 
Young county and for more than thirty years he 
has been identified with its stock and agricultural 
interests. The history of his business career re- 
veals him, in youth, starting out under the usual 
humble circumstances and in twenty-five years 
showing such ability and achieving a success that 
place him in the class of substantial and inde- 
pendent farmers in his valley. 

In 1873 our subject's father, Andrew Gilmore, 
settled at Caddo Springs, the site of the old Cad- 
do village, and purchased land, upon which he 
passed his remaining years, dying in the late 
nineties at seventy-one years of age. He had re- 
sided in Texas since 1866, having settled in 
Parker county and been engaged in farming there 
until his advent to Young county. For nine years 
previous to his settlement in the Lone Star state 
he was a resident of Izard county, Arkansas, 
to 'which point he emigrated from Mississippi. 
He was an Arkansas soldier in the Confederate 
army during a portion of the Civil war era and 
was a horseshoer while in the service. He mar- 
ried first in Mississippi, and there his first chil- 
dren were born. His wife was Miss Lydia Byrd, 
whose people were from Albama and who died, 
being the mother of: Lucinda, wife of O. D. 
Goldson, of Young county; Thomas, of Dickens 
county, Texas ; James R., deceased ; Sadie, of 
Greer county, Oklahoma, wife of E. Wooley ; 
William I., Zachariah, deceased, and John, a 
farmer of Young county. 

William I. Gilmore was born in Izard county, 
Arkansas, January 31, 1857, acquired a country 
school education in Parker county, Texas, and 
began his career in Young county with a horse 
and a cow and a calf. In the early days he 
worked on the cow range in Palo Pinto and 
Young counties, at the same time gathering to- 
gether, out of his wages, a small herd of his own 
cattle. When he quit the stock business he sold 
his stuff and invested in the nucleus of his pres- 
ent home. This tract was a fractional quarter 



section and was the settlement of J. A. Jowell, 
and under Mr. Gilmore it has come to be one of 
the valuable and well improved farms of the 
county. 

In his experience as a farmer Mr. Gilmore 
has always merited success. Rarely has he plant- 
ed in the spring without reaping something in 
the autumn, and with the passage of time his 
condition has materially improved. His real 
estate holdings in the county embrace more than 
eight hundred acres, and it is well stocked with 
cattle. 

July 27, 1877, Mr. Gilmore married Annie Fos- 
ter, a daughter of J. B. Foster. Mrs. Gilmore 
was orphaned at an early age and died at the 
home she helped to build up December 22, 1901, 
leaving two children, Thomas B. and May. In 
December, 1903, Mr. Gilmore married Mrs. Mol- 
lie Gibson, a daughter of Robert Haynes and 
widow of Lee Gibson. By her first husband Mrs. 
Gilmore is the mother of Bruce, Grace and Alice. 

Mr. Gilmore has had no interest in politics 
further than the casting of his ballot. He in- 
variably supports Democratic candidates on na- 
tional and state issues and selects the most fit- 
ting candidate in local elections. 

JOHN T. HONEA, for fifteen years an hon- 
ored resident of Tarrant county, is a man who 
has been conspicuously useful to his fellow citi- 
zens in an official capacity. He is now serving 
Tarrant county for the second term as sheriff, 
and it is only necessary to quote a brief news- 
paper item that appeared some time since to show 
the excellence of his record and his worth in 
public office. " 'Conditions are distressingly good 
from a moral standpoint,' said Sheriff John T. 
Honea to-day to the Telegram, in referring to 
arrests that have been made during the past few 
months. At the present time there are only about 
thirty-five prisoners confined in the county jail, 
the smallest number in the two years of Mr. 
Honea's administration. Fleretofore the small- 
est number confined in the jail has not been less 
than fifty. 'There is very little crime at this time/ 
added the sheriff. The commissioners' court took 
occasion yesterday to compliment the sheriff on 
the fact that during his two years of service not 
a single damage suit had been filed against him." 

Born at McKenzie, Carroll county, Tennessee, 
in 1864, Mr. Honea is the son of Dr. David F. 
and Martha J. (Roach) Honea. His father, a 
native of Alabama, lived practically all his life 
in Tennessee, where he was a successful medical 
practitioner. He died at his home in Carroll 
county, Tennessee, aged forty-six, in 1876. The 
mother died on the 26th of July, 1905, aged sixty- 



9 8 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



seven years, and is buried beside her husband, in 
Carroll county, Tennessee. She is a sister of 
the late Judge Roach of Weatherford, Texas. 

Mr. Honea first came to Texas when he was 
fourteen years old. He spent about a year at 
Clarksville on the Red river, then went to Weath- 
erford for about the same length of time, after 
which he returned to Tennessee. In .1884 he 
came back to this state and finally located in Ar- 
lington in Tarrant county in 1890, has ever since 
been a resident of this county. He began his 
official career as constable of Arlington, and 
was also marshal of that town during the time 
when it was noted for being a "tough" place, 
a condition which he did much to better. In 
1896 he was appointed deputy sheriff of Tar- 
rant county, Sterling P. Clark being sheriff, and 
continued under Mr. Clark for two years, after 
which he was deputy constable for two years. In 
1900 he was candidate for the Democratic nom- 
ination, to the shrievalty, was defeated then, but 
in 1902 was successful both in the nominating 
convention and at the polls. So satisfactory was 
his work during the first term that he was nom- 
inated and elected, in November, 1904, for a 
second term. As indicated above he is the only 
sheriff in the history of this county who has 
not had a damage suit filed against his office, and 
this brought out the complimentary motion for 
him at the meeting of the county commissioners 
in November, 1904. 

Mr. Honea takes an active interest in the af- 
fairs of his county and city, and is a man of 
broad-gauge principles and of absolute integrity. 
He is a member of the board of trade, and has 
affiliations with the Woodmen, the Red Men and 
the Eagles. 

Mr. Honea has been twice married. His first 
wife was Miss Maggie Parker, whom he mar- 
ried in Carroll county, Tennessee, in 1885. She 
passed away in 1897 leaving three children, Otis, 
Archie and Olga. Mr. Honea has since mar- 
ried Miss Laura Roak, in this county. Mr. 
Honea has distinguished himself by putting down 
all gambling in the city of Fort Worth, being the 
only man to ever succeed in so doing. He is a 
man of sterling worth, keen foresight, energetic 
to a marked degree and a man who prosecutes 
all criminals with firmness, and takes delight in 
seeing the law enforced. 

JAMES ALEXANDER CUMMINS. In in- 
troducing the subject of this review we are deep- 
ly conscious of our inability, with the bare out- 
line of his career before us, to present the light 
and shade of a picture which grows in interest 
with the lapse of time and to little more than 



mention the events which form the quarter-posts 
of his life course. A life so filled with dramatic 
history, so clouded with tragedy and so height- 
ened on the stage of comedy requires the genius 
of a Porter, a Muhlbach or a Stowe to portray it 
in its completeness and perfection, and the effort 
with which we shall acquit our subject we offer 
as being little more than an apology for the biog- 
raphy of James A. Cummins. 

In the fiery atmosphere of Caldwell county, 
Kentucky, Mr. Cummins was born June I, 1842. 
His ancestors were among the pioneers of the 
state, his grandfather, Simon Cummins, having 
become a settler of Christian county in the first 
fifth of the century just closed, for in 182 1 his 
son, Elijah W., the father of our subject, was 
there born. Simon Cummins died at an advanced 
age and as a veteran of the Revolutionary war. 
He brought his family up in the pure atmosphere 
of a rural home and instilled into them that re- 
gard for honesty and integrity so universal with 
the citizenship of his day. Noah, his oldest child, 
was a soldier of the Confederacy, and died in his 
native state. Lemuel passed away in his 
Kentucky home in i8q8, having had sons 
in the Federal army during the secession 
war ; Irena became the wife of James 
Rame)' and died with issue in Lyon coun- 
ty, Kentucky ; Louisa married first a Sanders 
and second a Gillespie and left a family in Lyon 
county at her death ; Sallie married Hezekiah 
Oliver, of Caldwell county, Kentucky, and Wil- 
liam and Simon are residents of Lyon county. 

Elijah W. Cummins was his father's fifth child 
and his advantages in early life were simply those 
common to the country youth of Kentucky in 
that primitive day. He married Lydia, a daughter 
of Leven Oliver, a war of 181 2 patriot and sol- 
dier who migrated to Kentucky from Virginia 
in an early day. Mr. Oliver's early life was 
passed as a flat-boatman on the Cumberland, 
Ohio and Mississippi rivers down to New Or- 
leans, but prior to that time he had also fought 
the British at the battle of New Orleans in 181 2 
and was one of only seventeen American soldiers 
wounded in that historic engagement. He mar- 
ried Sophia Barnett in his native state and reared 
his children in Kentucky. He came to Texas 
with the family in 1843, an d died in Fannin coun- 
ty about 1874. His children were : Evaline, who 
died in Fannin county as the wife of Miles Davis ; 
Betsy, wife of Andrew Oliver, died in Fannin 
county; Lydia, our subject's mother, who died in 
Fannin county in 1902 ; Sallie, who became Mrs. 
Talton Gray and died in Fannin county ; Marga- 
ret married James Pile, who lives in Fannin 
county ; Nancy, wife of Rev. Reece ; Lee, of 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



99 



Fannin county, and Robert, an ex-Confederate 
soldier, who died at Tahlequah, Indian Terri- 
tory. The family of Elijah W. and Lydia Cum- 
mins was composed of James A., of this review ; 
Sophia, wife of Lewis Jones, of Montague coun- 
ty; George, who died in Fannin county, a Home 
Guard during the Civil war ; Lucinda, who mar- 
ried Frank Ramey, of Fannin county ; Isaphenia, 
wife of Dan Ikard, of Fannin county ; William, 
yet in the old home county in Texas'; Mattie, now 
Mrs. Rube Lockler, of Kemp, Indian Territory, 
and Sarah, who died in Fannin county unmar- 
ried. 

In 1852 Elijah W. Cummins headed a small 
colony of emigrants from Lyon county, Ken- 
tucky, to the Lone Star state and located in Fan- 
nin county. Ladonia was the little village near 
where they settled and with the exception of the 
years from 1867 to 1870 passed in Benton county, 
Arkansas, he was a resident of that county until 
his death, in September, 1903. He took part in 
the Confederate war as an infantryman and as 
a citizen maintained himself a quiet, industrious 
and modest farmer. He identified himself with 
Christian sentiment and was a member of the 
Christian church. He took little account of pub- 
lic affairs and had no interest in politics other 
than to vote with the Democrats on election day. 
He was a gentleman with high ideas of morality, 
of undoubted integrity and was a soldier under 
General Taylor in the Mexican war. 

In Lyon county, Kentucky, and in Fannin coun- 
ty, Texas, James A. Cummins passed from in- 
fancy to the near approach to man's estate. As 
a knight errant in the army of his beloved South- 
land he rounded out his majority, and as a civ- 
ilian after the war his nomadic careec embraced 
the best thirty years of his business life. The 
schools provided him with an introduction to the 
three R's only in boyhood, but the corners of a 
very angular intellectual equipment have all been 
rounded off and smoothed down by the friction 
of years of hard and varied experiences. As his 
start in life was made in the saddle and with a 
gun at his side it is fitting to present briefly the 
scenes of his military adventures at this time. 
At sixteen years of age he joined Captain Wood's 
company of Texas Rangers operating against the 
Comanche and Sioux Indians, depredating the 
Texas frontier for so many years, and took part 
in the battle which resulted in the destruction of 
Nocona's band, the death of the great chief and 
the capture of his wife, Cynthia Ann Parker and 
her son, Quanah. When his service with the 
Rangers was concluded he followed his inclina- 
tions and continued a life in the saddle among 
the early cowboys of the southwest. But when 



the politicians of the north and the south aroused 
their respective sections of our country, arrayed 
them against each other in open denunciation and 
actually launched the dreadful conflict young 
Cummins was ready to make any sacrifice for his 
country's welfare, and when the invitation was 
made he cast the die. He enlisted first in 1861 
in Company F, Eleventh Texas Cavalry, and 
served under Colonel W. C. Young till 1862 and 
in the Thirteenth Texas, under Colonels Bob 
Taylor and James Stephens in the Trans-Missis- 
sippi Department of the Confederate army. His- 
first engagement of note was the fight at Elk 
Horn and, without attempting details, he went 
through the Louisiana campaign, taking part in 
the engagements at Mansfield, Yellow Bayou, 
etc., being wounded in the latter battle while aid- 
ing a comrade to the rear after being disabled. 
He was ever ready for duty as long as there was 
service to perform and when the surrender of 
Lee ended the war he was paroled at Milliken, 
near Hempstead, May 27, 1865. 

On resuming civil pursuits the saddle offered 
Mr. Cummins the most remunerative and pleas- 
urable occupation, and he soon became foreman 
for John Rhodes and Milt McGee, cattle drovers 
from Texas to Kansas City, Missouri. During his 
two years' service in this capacity, driving 
thousands of head of genuine "long-horns," 
camping on the trail in all sorts of weather, swim- 
ming swollen streams and surmounting other 
difficulties of his employers and of his own, he 
made acquaintances and formed associations 
which shifted the course of his life into a channel 
turbid with riffles and whirlpools and encounter- 
ing sandbars and eddies until the climax of a 
strenuous existence was actually reached. Hav- 
ing saved some money from his employment with 
Rhodes and McGee and from a similar service 
with John Sponable, of Johnson county, Kansas, 
he decided to try mining in the Rockies, and he 
accordingly went to Idaho and prospected in the 
Leesburg region of that territory for several 
months, in a vain effort to locate a vein of fabu- 
lous wealth. Returning to Texas in 1869 he 
turned his attention briefly to the farm, but 
freighting offered proper financial inducements 
and a life more to his turn, and he hauled goods 
from Jefferson to North Texas points until the 
railroads reached Denison and Sherman and cut 
off much of the business in his line. He put up 
the first tent on the townsite of Denison and was 
for a time a clerk in one of the early stores of 
the town. Later he became a traveling salesman 
for a marble works there and eventually drifted 
into the patent-right business. In this latter vo- 
cation he was associated with Henry T. Davis 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



and James N. Touchstone, and while he was 
connected with many other and varied operations 
during the interval this claimed his attention in 
the main till 1897, when he finally settled down 
in Bowie and embarked in the less adventurous, 
less strenuous, more commonplace and more sub- 
stantial business of real estate and insurance. 
In 1903 he formed a partnership with Charles 
B. Downs, and the firm of Cummins & Downs is 
one of the most substantial and reliable in the 
city. 

In December, 1869, Mr. Cummins married 
Susan, a daughter of Bird Sherrill, of Fannin 
county. • A son and a daughter, Leon B. and 
Winona May, are the issue of this union, the 
former a railroad conductor on the Frisco road 
and the latter a resident of Dallas, Texas. March 
I, 1888, Mr. Cummins married, at Glenn Elder, 
Kansas, Mary E. Carroll, born in Sullivan coun- 
ty, Tennesee, July 15, 1866. Their residence is 
one of the beautiful, modest little homes of Bowie 
and the plans and expense of its preparation were 
provided by its present owners. 

Aside from his dealing in real estate himself 
Mr. Cummins has demonstrated his faith in his 
works by acquiring, not only urban, but rural 
possessions, as well. While he has not amassed 
great wealth he has kept the prowling wolves 
a safe distance from his door-step, and every con- 
tract that he makes, either verbal or written, is as 
good as its face on the day it is due. He main- 
tains a liberal attitude toward all worthy benev- 
olences and lends his substantial aid to any intel- 
ligent effort directed toward the material or so- 
cial advancement of his county. No miserly 
charge can ever be laid at his door nor no act of 
extortion or frenzied money-getting will ever be 
charged against him. He is sympathetic with the 
unfortunate and lives in an atmosphere of "good- 
will toward men." 

In anything political Mr. Cummins is always a 
Democrat — the same principles by any other 
name would not suffice — and he has been deputy 
sheriff in Texas and was once city marshal of 
Glen Elder, Kansas. He leaves the drama of 
active politics to others while he feasts on the 
good things that come to him as an enthusiast 
among the old veterans of the Lost Cause. He 
has attended the annual reunions of the United 
Confederate \ eterans for years and has been three 
times commander of Camp 572 — Bowie Pelham 
Bowie — U. C. V., and was adjutant and 
chief of staff two years of the Fifth Brigade, 
with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and is now 
aide do camp to General W. L. Cabell, with the 
rank of colonel, of the Trans-Mississippi Depart- 
ment. He is a Roval Arch Mason and took five 



degrees of Odd Fellowship in 1866. From the 
opening of the rebellion until the close of his 
nomadic life Mr. Cummins treaded the soil of 
every state and territory in the American union. 
The north, south, east and west are as familiar 
to him as to the most traveled nabob of our coun- 
try, and the history of his trail from the outbreak 
of the rebellion to the opening of the Centennial 
at Philadelphia would be impregnated with inci- 
dents challenging the pen of the novelist to prop- 
erly portray. His acquaintance with the world 
is intimate and his knowledge of humanity is per- 
fect. When his piercing eye strikes yours you 
instantly feel its power, and a character without 
the genuine ring wins no confidence nor sym- 
pathy from him. He has been one of the charac- 
ters of tragic history in post-bellum days, and 
with his passing few of the old guard will remain. 

WILLIAM ANDERSON WILSON. In the 
year 1880 Mr. Wilson established himself on a 
tract of Bell county school land, eight miles 
southeast of Sunset, in Montague county, and 
set about the task of clearing up a farm and 
buildino- him a humble home. His capital was 
small, like his family then, and the work which 
he and his industrious wife did then laid deep 
and well the foundation for their present-day 
prosperity and independence. 

The farm of one hundred acres which Mr. Wil- 
son first bought was covered with timber, and the 
task which presented itself to their young minds 
might have appalled less stouter hearts and less 
industrious hands. The countless strokes neces- 
sary to bring this tract under subjection and to 
class it among the improved places of the locality 
were all spent, in time, and additional efforts 
were directed upon other purchases of land, and 
corresponding improvements made until pros- 
perity has crowned their labors with an estate of 
three hundred and sixty acres of land and all 
their successes have not yet been achieved. Cap- 
ping the brow of an elevation some eighty rods 
back from the Sunset and Uz road stands the 
family domicile, protected bv forest and orchard, 
and bidding a silent welcome to friend and neigh- 
bor to its hospitable portals. These substantial 
tokens tell of the reward for years of intelligent 
toil, spent by the domestic circle, and indicate the 
possibilities of success under properly directed 
and continuous effort. 

Mr. Wilson established himself in the Lone 
Star state in 1877, taking up his first residence in 
the east portion of Tarrant county. Four years 
there sufficed to convince him that conditions 
were not favorable for his greatest agricultural 
achievement and he sought the scene of his pres- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



cut location, and with the results as mentioned 
above. He migrated to Texas from Hardeman 
countv, Tennessee, where his birth occurred No- 
vember 3, 1 84 1. He was brought up in a country 
district and obtained little education because of 
the character of the schools of that day. During 
the Civil war he was in sympathy with his coun- 
try as against the Confederacy and he enlisted in 
the Union army in 1862, his command being 
Company A, Sixth Tennessee Cavalry, un- 
der Colonel Hurst. His regiment was first 
under General A. J. Smith and then under 
General Thomas and the only battle in 
which he participated was. the one at 
Nashville, in which the Confederate General 
Hood's army was destroyed. His command re- 
mained in Tennessee during the remainder of the 
war and his company was mustered out at Pulas- 
ki at the end of the war. 

William A. Wilson is a son of Ingram and 
Louisa (Hunnell) Wilson, both native Tennessee 
people, farmers and immigrants to Montague 
county, Texas. The parents died here. Their 
children were: William A., our subject; Mary, 
Permelia, Jesse, Martin, Sarah A., Martha, Mar- 
garet, Eliza, Nancy, Parley, Miranda and Mandie. 

Tracing up the genealogy of the Wilson family 
of this branch we find our subject descended from 
William Wilson, a soldier of the war of 1812, 
who passed his life as a Tennessee farmer and 
passed away there about 1870 at about seventy- 
five years of age. By his marriage he was the 
father of Nancy, wife of John Ross ; Delilah, 
wife of Philip Deaton ; Squire, of Fannin county, 
Texas; Anderson and Ingram; William, of Run- 
nells county, Texas ; Sallie, wife of Henry Hatch ; 
Solomon and James, both killed in battle during 
the rebellion ; Lottie, who died in Arkansas, was 
the wife of Nelson Huddleston ; Jesse, Jason and 
Martin. 

December 18, 1870, Mr. Wilson married Jo- 
sephine Haultom, only child of Charles and 
Martha (Russell) Haultom, the former of Ten- 
nessee and the latter from North Carolina. The 
issue of Mr. and Mrs. Wilson are : Jessie, who 
died at four years of age; Marion A., of Clay 
county, Texas ; Malanie, wife of Manley Wilson, 
and Lurilda, wife of Jesse Gee ; Leona, Elisha, 
Julia, Cora, Myrtle and Charles complete the 
family circle. 

Mr. Wilson learned his politics during the days 
of Lincoln, for whom, in 1864, he cast his first 
vote and through the campaigns since he has 
supported the presidential candidate of the Re- 
publican party. In local matters he is in accord 
with Democratic doctrines and casts his vote for 
white supremacy and common decency in local 



affairs. In matters pertaining to the county's 
welfare and his own it has been mutually good 
for him to be here. His family as a whole has 
filled a positive niche in the county's industrial, 
civil and social fabric and as part of the great 
mass of the plain people who give stability to our 
civil institutions and control the destiny of our 
nation honor and credit is justly due. 

WILLIAM BENJAMIN WORSHAM. In 
this review it is our pleasure and privilege to 
present the life work of one whose identity with 
North and West Texas has spanned almost a 
third of a century and one whose connection 
with the vital affairs of this section has been at 
once prominent and conspicuous. The various, 
phases of his diversified career mark him as one 
of the real and stable characters of this territory, 
and it is pride of achievement which prompts this 
modest reference to him whose name initiates this 
notice. In youth and early manhood accustomed 
to the rough usages of hard work, in middle and 
later life evolving and executing successful 
schemes for the promotion of his vast and 
growing financial interests, toward the evening of 
his career is still busy and in the enjoyment of the 
fruits which destiny ordained. 

It was not ordered that Texas should give W. 
B. Worsham birth, it is sufficient that his con- 
quests should occur in this state. His natal day 
was February 8, 1843, an d hi s place Callaway 
county, Missouri. He is a son of William Tal- 
bert Worsham, who migrated to Missouri about 
1835 from near Petersburg, Virginia, where his 
birth occurred in 181 1. He devoted his life to the 
farm and died in Callaway in 1883. He married 
Minta Ann Stokes, who passed away in 1893, 
being the mother of the following children: 
Henry S., of Comanche county, Oklahoma; Wil- 
liam B. ; Ditreon V., of Ada, Indian Territory. 
A son, Joseph A., died in Henrietta as post- 
master of the city under the first Cleveland ad- 
ministration. Two daughters, Mrs. Mary Wiley 
and Mrs. Eliza A. Johnson, died in Lawrence 
county, Missouri, leaving families. 

A country school education was all that seemed 
in store for young Worsham on the farm, and the 
first year of the war he enlisted in the Fifteenth 
Missouri Cavalry — as did also his older and 
vounger brothers — for service in Capt. Samuel 
Roberts' Company, United States troops. He 
saw service around Springfield, Missouri, and in 
Arkansas and the Cherokee Nation and was dis- 
charged in 1865, being mustered out June 
thirtieth of that year. 

The first half a dozen years succeeding the 
war Mr. Worsham spent on the farm in his native 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



county. Having an opportunity to exceed the 
profits of the farm in a wholly different line of 
work, he took advantage of it and engaged in 
railroad contract work. He did grading on the 
Union Pacific, built sixteen miles of the St. Louis 
and San Francisco at Pierce City, Missouri. He 
abandoned this business in 1868, came to Texas 
and engaged as a cattle drover between this 
state and Kansas. Baxter Springs and Coffey- 
ville were his objective points and he shipped 
many cars of native beef from there to markets 
of the east. In 1876 he began ranching in Clay 
county. His success enabled him to purchase 
tracts of pasture land in this and Hardeman 
county. He first located at Cambridge but in 
1880 removed to Hardeman county, where he ac- 
quired a ranch of some twenty-five thousand 
acres — which he yet owns — as well as a vast 
tract almost adjoining Henrietta, in Clay county, 
aggregating about forty thousand acres. His 
Hardeman county possessions extend into Foard 
county, and at one time, while a partner with J. 
R. Stephens, had some sixty thousand head of 
cattle on the range. In 1882 the partnership with 
Mr. Stephens was dissolved and since then Mr. 
Worsham has conducted his live stock business 
alone, having some ten thousand head of cattle on 
grass. 

Some twenty years ago Mr. Worsham became 
attracted to banking as a business and took an 
interest in the Dallas National Bank. Later he 
acquired an interest in the Gainesville National 
and in the Henrietta National Bank, which latter 
went out of business in 1887. The bank of W. B. 
Worsham and Co. was organized by Mr. Wor- 
sham in 1898, in Henrietta, and is officered by 
W. B. Worsham as president, W. H. Featherston 
as vice president and F. B. Wyatt as cashier. 
Other capitalists and financiers are stockholders 
of the bank and it is universally regarded as dur- 
able and safe as the rock of Gibraltar. Mr. 
Worsham is interested in the Exchange National 
Bank at Dallas — a director in it ; is a director in 
the Dallas Brewing Company and is extensively 
interested in the oil-mill and cotton-gin industries 
of Ardmore and Tishomingo, Indian Territory. 
His farming interests are also by no means 
small. 

Mr. Worsham's two children by marriage with 
Mettie G. Collins, whom he married in Pike 
county, Missouri, in 1875, are Leola P., wife of 
K. N. Hapgood, with the W. B. Worsham bank, 
of Henrietta, and Carl M., who married May 
Easley and resides on the Worsham ranch near 
Henrietta. Mrs. W. B. Worsham was born in 
1854 and is a daughter of James M. Collins, a 



Virginia gentleman and farmer who passed away 
in Missouri. 

While Mr. Worsham is strictly a business man 
and can always find something to do, he has had 
some trifling diversions in politics. Contrary to 
the rule in Texas he is a Republican and has 
served his party as a delegate to state conventions. 
While he has not attempted to- achieve anything 
in politics he has achieved everything in business. 
As has been seen he holds a confidential relation 
to many strong financial institutions and enter- 
prises and the formidable masters of Texas 
finance recognize in him a compeer worthy of his 
spurs. 

ROWAN H. TUCKER, general claim agent 
of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad, also 
prominent in municipal affairs of Fort Worth, 
has, from the fact of his birth near the city 
and an almost lifelong residence therein, a more 
intimate acquaintance with Fort Worth and this 
portion of Texas than almost any one except the 
oldest "old-timers." 

Born on a farm about four miles north of 
Fort Worth, in 1855, he is the son of one of the 
first settlers and until his death one of the most 
prominent citizens of Fort Worth. Judge Wil- 
liam B. Tucker was a man of distinction both by 
reason of his character and the influence and use- 
fulness of his life work. Born in Casey county, 
Kentucky, October 5, 1824, he belonged to a Vir- 
ginia family which contained the best elements 
of the old southern aristocracy. His grandfather, 
William Tucker, had fought in the American 
Revolution, and, a patriot and man of mark in 
his part of the state, added further distinction to 
his house by marrying Miss Nancy Lee, who 
belonged to the family famous in all the great 
epochs of our country's history, Robert E. Lee 
being of the same stock. 

Judge William B. Tucker came to Texas in 
185 1, locating four miles north of the military 
post of Fort Worth, at a time when the entire 
region thereabout was the frontier, there being 
only one house between Fort Worth and 
Weatherford. Taking up land, he engaged in 
farming and stock-raising for some years, and 
soon became one of the best known and most in- 
fluential citizens of the county. He was elected 
sheriff of the county in 1856, being the second 
sheriff the county ever had. The county seat was 
then at Birdville. Serving as sheriff until 1858, 
in that year he was elected district clerk, from 
which office he was promoted, by election, in 1862 
to county judge. In 1865 he "resigned" by re- 
quest, along with the other county officials, doing 
so at the instance of Edmund J. Davis, at that 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



103 



time the military governor of Texas, who, in 
carrying into effect his "reconstruction" policy, 
placed his henchmen in all the offices of the state 
wherever a possible excuse for that course could 
be found. Thus leaving public life, Judge Tucker 
became interested in industrial affairs, conducting 
a mill and gin on the south side of the city, 
where Jennings avenue now is, and also bought 
one hundred and seventy acres of land, which 
was subdivided and platted in 1872 as Tucker's 
Addition to Fort Worth. In 1872, also, he built 
his residence in that part of the addition known 
as Tucker's Hill, one of the highest points in the 
city. South Main street now runs by the block 
of ground on which this noble and picturesque 
old residence stands. At the time it was built it 
was the finest residence in the city, one of the 
objects of interest pointed out to strangers in 
those days. It was the successful management 
and sale of this real estate that made Judge 
Tucker wealthy, so that the later years of his life 
were spent without anxiety as to financial cir- 
cumstances. He served several times in the city 
council, and was at all times a man whose opin- 
ion commanded respect among his associates. 
The death of this honored pioneer citizen oc- 
curred in March, 1900. His wife was Mahala A. 
(Myers) Tucker, a native of Logan county, 
Kentucky, and she died in September, 1887. 

The birthplace of Rowan H. Tucker was his 
father's original homestead, the place where 
Major Jarvis now lives, a short distance north of 
North Fort Worth. The family moved into town 
in 1859, an d he was therefore reared to manhood 
in this city, which he has seen develop from a 
typical frontier settlement to its present propor- 
tions. After receiving his education in the 
schools of Fort Worth and at Mansfield College, 
he received appointment as cattle inspector for 
Tarrant county. In 1878 he became deputy sher- 
iff under Sheriff Henderson, and in 1880 became 
chief deputy under W. T. Maddox, under whom 
he served six years, and was then deputy under 
Sheriff B. H. Shipp two years. Leaving the 
sheriff's office on November 20, 1888, on the first 
of December following he began his service with 
the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad as 
special agent. Having continued his connection 
with that company ever since, he is now one of 
the oldest officials of the road, which was com- 



pleted only in 188; 



In ii 



came his appoint- 



ment as general claim agent, in which capacity he 
has served to the present time. 

Mr. Tucker has been a member of the Fort 
Worth city council four terms, as representative 
of the Fifth Ward, his last official term ending 
in 1902. While alderman he was chairman of 



the police board committee, chairman of the 
claims committee, and member of the fire com- 
mittee and purchasing committee. 

February 16, 1879, Mr. Tucker married, in 
Fort Worth, Miss Lou A. Archer, who was born 
in Union parish, Louisiana. They have two chil- 
dren, Miss Fay and Rowan H., Jr. 

THOMAS BENTON COLLINS, one of the 
leading business men of Arlington, is numbered 
among the veterans of the Civil war, and is a 
worthy representative of a family who have val- 
iantly aided their country in the many struggles 
in which it has been engaged. His paternal 
great-grandfather was a Revolutionary soldier. 
He was born in Ireland, and after coming to 
America took up his abode in Virginia. His son, 
Barbe G. Collins, was a native of that common- 
wealth, and at the inauguration of the war of 
181 2 he raised and commanded a company, tak- 
ing part in the battle of New Orleans. His son 
and the father of Thomas B. Collins, Archibald 
W. Collins, was born in Kentucky in 1803, but 
when three years of age, in 1806, was taken by 
his parents to Tennessee, and in 1832 located in 
Jackson county, Alabama. He, too, enlisted in 
the defense of his country, serving as a 
soldier in the Florida Indian war. He married 
Eliza Reid, the daughter of J. B. Reid, and_ a 
descendant on the maternal side of John Slavin, 
a native of the north of Ireland. After coming 
to America he settled in Virginia, and his de- 
scendants afterward located in Kentucky. The 
Slavins were an old and prominent family in the 
north of Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Archibald W. 
Collins became the parents of five sons. One of 
the sons, William Joseph Collins, was a veteran 
of the Civil war, having served as a member of 
Company I, Forty-first Tennessee Infantry. He 
came to Texas from Alabama in 1874, and died at 
Arlington on the 6th of February, 1905. R. W. 
and M. R. served with General B. Forest. 

By the second marriage of the father to Malin- 
da Reid, sister of his first wife, there were two 
sons and two daughters, T. B. and J. S. and Eliza 
M. and Mary A. T. B. also served in the Confed- 
erate army under General Bragg. 

Thomas B. Collins, the eldest of his parents' 
five children, was born in Jackson county, Ala- 
bama, on the 23d of September, 1838, and was 
reared to the life of a farmer boy, receiving his 
education in a primitive log cabin school house. 
In 1859 he came to Texas, first taking up his 
abode in Grimes county, and when after Lincoln's 
inauguration in March, 1861, it became known 
that there would be war between the states he 
began drilling a company in that month, and 



104 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



upon the declaration of war enlisted in Company 
C, Captain D. W. Shannon, Fifth Texas Cavalry, 
Colonel Tom Green's Regiment. His first service 
was in New Mexico and Arizona, participating 
in the battles of Val Verde, Glorietta and Peralta, 
and starting east from that country he walked 
from El Paso to San Antonio, and thence going 
to Austin joined the Texas troops at Hempstead. 
Journeying on to northwestern Louisiana, he en- 
gaged in the campaign against Banks in his first 
attempt to ascend the Red river in 1863, following 
which he took: part in a number of skirmishes in 
northern Louisiana, and they were then ordered 
to Pine Bluff,' Arkansas, to cover Price's retreat 
out of Missouri. Returning south they fought 
Banks' army at Alexandria, and later took part 
in the battle of Mansfield, in which Banks was 
defeated, also in the battle of Pleasant Hill early 
in the spring of 1864, and in the same spring the 
company returned to Plouston, serving in the 
Trans-Mississippi department, until the close of 
the war, being disbanded May 28, 1865. During 
his. service in the army Mr. Collins was made 
commissary sergeant of his regiment, and near 
the close of the war became its commissary cap- 
tain. 

At the close of his long military career Mr. 
Collins returned to Grimes county, and in 1866 
went again to his native state of Alabama, where 
he remained until 1874. While there residing in 
October, 1867, he was married to Miss Hannah 
J. Sims, the daughter of Nathan Sims, a farmer. 
This marriage took place at Estelle's Fork, where 
Mr. Collins was engaged in mercantile pursuits 
until his return to Texas in 1874. He then took 
up his abode at Poortown, Dallas county, where 
he opened a store and conducted the same for 
two years, removing thence to Tarrant county 
and locating on a farm at Arlington, which he 
long owned and conducted, but during the great- 
er part of the time has made his home in town. 
In later years he sold his farming interests, and 
is now a member of the Arlington Real Estate 
Company, of which he is manager, and of which 
Hon. W. B. Fitzhugh and F. R. Wallace are the 
other members. This firm does a general business 
in real estate, loans and insurance, and has done 
a good work in attracting attention to the advan- 
tages of Arlington as a residence city and also to 
the agricultural value of the surrounding coun- 
try. 

Mr. Collins has also taken an active part in the 
political life of his community, having for two 
years served as mayor of Arlington, and is also 
an ex -county treasurer, elected as such in 1892 
against three oilier candidates by a majority of 
one thousand five hundred and four votes and re- 



elected in 1894 without opposition in his own 
party by a majority of nineteen hundred and 
nine votes. He declined a third nomination, thus 
establishing a precedent for limiting the term of 
office of county treasurer by one man to two 
terms. He has ever been a stanch supporter of the 
Democratic party, casting his vote in support of its 
men and measures at each succeeding election, 
his first presidential vote having been given to 
John C. Breckenridge. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Collins have been born 
eleven children, four of whom are deceased, A. 
S., Joseph and two infants, and those living are 
W. B. ; Mackie, the wife of J. D. Swain ; Georgia, 
the wife of G. W. Goodin ; Thomas W., James 
M., E. S. and Ethel. Mr. Collins has long held 
membership relations with the Camp of U. C. V. 
at Arlington, of which he is serving as adjutant. 
He is a member of the Primitive Baptist church. 

W. M. SALMON, who is ranked with the 
prominent farmers and stockmen of Montague 
county, Texas, is a native of the Lone Star state. 
Mr. Salmon was born in Rusk county, Texas, De- 
cember 28, 1866, son of John L. and Martha 
(Linchacum) Salmon, both natives of North 
Carolina. His parents were married in North 
Carolina, and in 1846 came from there to Texas, 
settling in Rusk county, where the father bought 
a large tract of land, and improved a farm and 
had extensive cattle interests. Also he con- 
ducted a country store on his place. He owned 
a number of slaves, and carried on his opera- 
tions successfully up to the time of the Civil war. 
The war cost him the savings of a lifetime and 
robbed his heirs of the vast estate that would 
have been theirs. He was a Democrat and an 
ardent secessionist, but, physically was not 
strong, and took no active part in the war. Fra- 
ternally he was a Mason. Both his brothers, 
Thomas and Edward, also settled in Texas, and, 
like him, became honored and respected citi- 
zens. He died at his homestead in 1880. Some 
time after his death his widow moved to Gaines- 
ville, where she remained until death claimed 
her, in 180.3. at the age ©f sixty-five years. She 
was a member of the Christian church. Her 
father was one of the early settlers and well-to-do 
farmers of Rusk county. Her brother Row, the 
only member of the Linchacum family now liv- 
ing, occupies the old homestead in Rush county. 
The children of Tohn L. and Martha Salmon 
are: Mrs. Laura Birdwell ; William G., M. D., 
who died Julv 3, 1887; Mrs. Susan Galloway; 
John, a nhysician of Breckenridge, Texas ; Mrs. 
Martha Wilson ; Mrs. Fanny Williams ; and W. 
M., whose name introduces this sketch. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



105 



W. M. Salmon, being the youngest of the fam- 
ily and his boyhood days being passed on the 
pioneer farm in Rusk county, did not have the 
educational advantages that the older members 
of the family enjoyed. After the death of his 
father, his mother moved to Gainesville, where 
his brother,- William G., for some years had been 
engaged in the practice of medicine and had 
leased the March ranch near Spanish Fort and 
was interested in the cattle business. In 1883 
W. M. Salmon went to work as an assistant on 
the ranch and remained there until after his 
brother's death in 1887, at which time he had 
control of the stock and everything pertaining 
to the farm. In 1890 he disposed of most of 
the stock and moved the rest to lands owned by 
the family, near Nocona, where he now lives, 
and to which he has added by subsequent pur- 
chase until his holdings comprise at this writing 
no less than 2,540 acres, four hundred acres be- 
ing under cultivation. He has made many sub- 
stantial improvements, including commodious 
residence, three tenant houses, other farm build- 
ings, wind mills, orchard, etc. Having the most 
of his land rented, Mr. Salmon gives his chief 
attention to his cattle, his herd averaging four 
hundred head. Also he owns a fine stallion and 
jack and raises horses and mules. 

Politically Mr. Salmon is a Democrat, and 
fraternally he is identified with both the Masonic 
order and the Fraternal Brotherhood.- 

May 3, 1880, he married the widow of his 
brother, Dr. William G., Mrs. Mattie H. (Wal- 
ker) Salmon. She was born in Tennessee in 
1861, only child of Dr. Addison Walker and wife 
Mentlo, nee Sutton, both natives of Tennessee. 
It was while on a visit to Texas with her uncle 
that she formed the acquaintance of Dr. Salmon. 
Her grandfather, Addison Walker, Sr., was a 
prominent farmer and slave owner of Tennes- 
see. His children were John P., a physician of 
Missouri, Mrs. Mary Balcom and Addison. By 
her first marriage. Mrs. Salmon had one child, 
Mariah, born May 23, 1880, and now the wife 
of Thomas Hoben, a prominent rancher of Mon- 
tague county. The children of the second mar- 
riage are: Harold, born May 20, 1890; Fred, 
June 21, 1892; Helen, July 8, 1804; Raymond, 
August 3, 1896; Thelma, July 8, 1899; and 
Wilburn, July 7, 1902. 

REUBEN GESLER CEARK. When the 
Red River Cattle Company's ranch was being 
parceled out to actual settlers Reuben G. Clark- 
became one of the early purchasers and the three 
hundred and twenty-six acres which constitutes 
his home, and is so well and substantially im- 



proved, was but a wild and forbidding tract 
whose grassy sward was relieved only by clusters 
of the scrubby oak. This spot of ground was 
embraced within the Peters Colony land, and is 
situated four miles south of Bellevue, in Clay 
county, and upon it Mr. Clark has made his home 
since the month of August, 1884. 

As a citizen of this new county, among the first 
acts of Mr. Clark was the building of his castle 
— for it has been decided that every man's 
home is his castle — and a shanty twelve 
by sixteen feet, with two rooms, rose up 
to answer the purpose. Being yet single 
and unmarried, his new house became no 
more than a bachelor's quarters for a few months, 
but when Mrs. Clark became its mistress it 
served, with its piece-meal enlargements, until 
the final remodeling and the. erection of the 
roomy home which domiciles its worthy owners 
now. One piece of farm improvement followed 
another, as the prosperity of the owner would 
admit, until there is nothing left to be done save 
enjoy the simple emoluments that follow in the 
wake of intelligent and honest toil. 

In February, T878, Reuben G. Clark became a 
Texas settler. He located in Collin county, and 
while there his vocation was that of master of a 
district school. He had prepared himself for his 
mid-life work in his native state of Illinois, and 
had spent a full seven years' period of successful 
school work there: and he taught seven years in 
the schools of Collin county. Texas. He was 
born eight miles north of Charleston, in Coles 
county, July 13, 185 1, and came to maturity on 
the farm. Ambitious to acquire more than an 
ordinary education, he became able to teach and 
this vocation supplied him with the means to pro- 
cure a higher mental equipment. He first attend- 
ed Westfield College in Clark county, Illinois, 
then Lee's Academy, Coles county, and finally he 
entered the National Normal University at Leb- 
anon, Ohio, where he graduated with the class 
of 1874. He joined the profession of teaching 
regularly then and remained with it until his 
voluntary retirement to become a farmer in 1884. 

Mr. Clark is a son of William H. Clark, born 
at Maysville, Kentucky, in 1823, and at three 
years of age was taken into Coles county, Illinois, 
by his father, Benjamin F. Clark. The father and 
grandfather were farmers, and the latter died in 
Coles county in 1853 at sixty-five. He married 
Sarah Hammond, and their children were: Ben- 
jamin, Lewis, William H., Andrew J., Malinda, 
wife of John Rardin ; Lucinda, who married 
Frank Daugherty, and Phebe, who became the 
wife of Wesley Daugherty. The youngest daugh- 
ter, Paulina, married John Galbraith. 



io6 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



William H. Clark, father of our subject, was a 
citizen of Coles county, Illinois, until 1874, when 
he migrated to Kansas and settled at Toledo, re- 
maining in the Sunflower state till 1892, when he, 
accompanied by his wife and four younger chil- 
dren, located in Johnson county, Missouri, where 
they now reside. Julia Ann Rardin became Mrs. 
William H. Clark in 1850. She was a daughter 
of Samuel Rardin, a Kentucky settler to Illinois, 
and the issue of her union with Mr. Clark were : 
Reuben G. ; Eliza J., wife of Andrew J. Campbell, 
of Neosho Falls, Kansas ; Dumas V., of Coles 
county, Illinois ; Harriet, wife of Thomas Carter, 
of Coles county, Illinois ; Andrew D., of Mattoon, 
Illinois ; John G., of Johnson county, Missouri ; 
Sarah, wife of Frank Barnes, of Johnson county, 
Missouri ; Nancy, who married Henry Blanchard, 
of Gotobo, Oklahoma, and Susan, unmarried and 
at the parental fireside. 

Reuben G. Clark was united in marriage in 
Collin county, Texas, with Minerva J. Reeves, 
March 1, 1885. Mrs. Clark's parents were J. N. 
Reeves and Miss Ellen J. Martin, the father a 
Kentuckian and the mother also a native of Ken- 
tucky. Of their various meanderings we will 
mention southern Illinois, Blanco county, and 
finally Collin county, Texas. Mrs. Clark is the 
oldest of six children, the others being : William 
T., Howard, Martha, wife of M. T. Hilbin ; 
Josiah and Mary, wife of Joseph J. Cato. 

Mr. and Mrs. Clark's children are: William 
Nelson and Lillie May. The Clarks of this fam- 
ily are all Democrats and Mr. Clark served his 
township in Illinois as its clerk. He and his wife 
are Methodists and they have reared their chil- 
dren to know and do the right. 

LEONIDAS A. SUGGS, M. D., engaged in 
the practice of medicine and surgery in Fort 
Worth, is a native of Titus county, Texas, and a 
son of W. G. and Mary (Hall) Suggs. His father 
was born in North Carolina and emigrated to 
Texas in 1842, and thus becoming one of the 
early settlers he experienced the hardships, priva- 
tions and dangers of pioneer life in the reclama- 
tion of this state for the purposes of civilization. 
Me was a farmer, interested in agricultural pur- 
suits in Titus county for many years, and he died 
in the year 1901. He is still survived by his wid- 
ow . who is a native of Tennessee. 

Dr. Suggs was reared in the usual manner of 
farm lads and in the public schools mastered the 
•common branches of learning. Determining upon 
a professional career as a life work he prepared 
for the study of medicine and matriculated in the 
\ anderbilt Medical College, from which he was 
graduated in the class of 1892 on completing the 



regular course. He first practiced at Benbrook, 
in Tarrant county, but later removed to Fort 
Worth, where he has been an active representa- 
tive of the medical fraternity since 1899. His pro- 
fessional attainments and skill are such that he 
was elected to the chair of histology in the med- 
ical department of Fort Worth University, which 
position he regularly fills outside of giving occa- 
sional lectures on physiology and other subjects. 
He has been accorded a large and growing prac- 
tice as a general physician and has an office in 
connection with Dr. F. D. Thompson in the Fort 
Worth National Bank Building. He is physician 
of a number of fraternal and insurance compa- 
nies and in all his professional service he has 
maintained close conformity to a high standard 
of ethics of the medical fraternity. 

Dr. Suggs was married in New Jersey to Miss 
Harriet Shumaker, a sister of Dr. George Shu- 
maker, an active and prominent physician of 
Philadelphia, and they have two children. Mary 
E. and Katharine. It is well that Dr. Suggs has 
a deep and earnest interest in his profession be- 
cause it leaves him little leisure time. He is a 
member of the Tarrant County, the Texas State 
and the American Medical Associations, and 
thus keeps in touch with the onward march of 
the profession as investigation, research and ex- 
perience are broadening the knowledge of the 
medical fraternity and promoting the efficiency 
of its representatives. Anything that tends to 
bring to man the key to that complex mystery 
which we call life awakens the interest and atten- 
tion of Dr. Suggs, and he has a broad, compre- 
hensive and accurate knowledge of the principles 
of the medical and surgical science. 

HON. ALVIN C. OWSLEY, whose name is 
found upon the legislative records of Texas and 
who is now successfully engaged in the practice 
of law at Denton with a large and representative 
clientage, was born in Johnson county, Missouri, 
April 8, 1856, his parents being Dr. Henry and 
Louisiana (Mansfield) Owsley. The father was 
born in Crab Orchard, Kentucky, October 4, 
1817, while his ancestors were from Virginia. In 
his boyhood days he accompanied his parents on 
their removal to Johnson county, Missouri, where 
he studied medicine in the -office and under the 
direction of Dr. Hoff of Harrodsburg, that state. 
In order to still further perfect himself for the 
practice he entered the Jacksonville (Illinois) 
Medical College, in which he completed the regu- 
lar course and was graduated with the class of 
1846. He then opened an office in Johnson coun- 
ty, Missouri, where he remained until 1849, when 
he made an overland trip to California, attracted 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



107 



by the discovery of gold on the Pacific slope. 
In 185 1 he returned to Missouri, where he de- 
voted his time and energies to professional serv- 
ice until 1861. In that year, however, he put aside 
all business and personal considerations and 
joined the Confederate army as assistant surgeon 
in Price's Battalion, while later he was appointed 
hospital surgeon. While at the front he was 
wounded and this occasioned his return home. In 
1863 he started again to make the trip across the 
plains to the gold mines, this time accompanied by 
all of his family. They stopped first at Austin, 
Nevada, then a new mining camp, and in 1864 
they resumed their westward journey to Califor- 
nia, locating in the central part of that state. A 
few years later, however, Dr. Owsley returned 
east and in 1873 ne located in Denton, Texas, 
where he remained until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1902. His wife survived him, passing 
away in Denton on the 22d of December, 1904. 

Hon. Alvin C. Owsley had the interesting ex- 
perience as a boy of living in the new west, where 
pioneer conditions existed and all of the environ- 
ment was that of frontier life. He acquired his 
education in the schools of Grass Valley, Lake- 
port and Marysville, California, and also attend- 
ed Hill's Institute in Sacramento, subsequent to 
which time, in 1869, he entered St. Vincent's 
College at Los Angeles, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1872 with the highest honors of his class, 
receiving a special medal for mathematical pro- 
ficiency. He paid his own way through college 
with money earned as an employe of the Los 
Angeles Star, first having a newspaper carrier's 
route and later in charge of the city circulation 
of the paper. The ambition which he displayed 
in thus preparing for his education has been a 
salient characteristic of his entire life and has led 
to successful accomplishment where others of 
less resolute purpose would have failed. 

Immediately after his graduation Mr. Owsley 
returned to Missouri, and at Sedalia took up the 
study of law in the office of the late Senator Vest. 
In February, 1873, ne came to Denton, Texas, 
where he has since made his home. For two 
years he engaged in teaching school here, but 
devoted all of his leisure hours to the study of 
law, and in 1875 ne was admitted to practice. 
He has always been an energetic, progressive 
and resourceful lawyer, presenting his cause with 
clearness and force, while in his arguments his 
deductions follow with logical sequence. His 
practice, which is now extensive and important, 
connects him with all the courts and he has a 
large and valuable library. 

On the 8th of April '1880, Mr. Owsley was 
married to Miss Sallie M. Blount, a daughter of 



Judge J. M. Blount of Denton, Texas. Eight 
children have been born unto them : Eunice, Lou- 
isiana, Jessie, Alvin, Stella, Clark, Charlotte and 
Henry. All are still at home with the exception 
of the eldest daughter, who is now the wife of 
James G. Wright. 

Mr. Owsley holds membership in the Chris- 
tian church and Mrs. Owsley in the Baptist 
church. He is an orator of considerable promi- 
nence in Texas and has been a recognized leader in 
public life of the state for many years, wielding a 
wide influence. In 1888 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the twenty-first Texas legislature, and his 
work in that body resulted in the passage of 
some of the most important legislative measures 
ever enacted in the commonwealth. He served 
on a number of the leading committees of that 
session of the general assembly, having a position 
of prominence and on judiciary committee, No. 1, 
as well as on internal improvement committee 
and others. He was responsible for the first anti- 
trust law ever agitated in Texas, which state has 
become famous for its effective anti-trust statutes. 
During the same session he was appointed chair- 
man of a committee of five to draft a substitute 
trust law and Mr. Owsley prepared the draft of 
the law with the assistance of Attorney General 
James Hogg, afterward governor of Texas. This 
measure was passed by that session, but was held 
to be unconstitutional by United States Circuit 
Judge McCormick. The delay in obtaining a de- 
cision from the supreme court caused the people 
to become impatient and another trust law was 
passed in its place by the following legislature, 
but later, when the supreme court finally rendered 
a decision on Mr. Owsley's measure, it was de- 
cided to be entirely constitutional. 

Mr. Owsley was re-elected a representative to 
the twenty-second legislature, in which session 
he held a still more prominent position. On the 
committee on internal improvements it came 
within the jurisdiction of this committee to frame 
a railroad commission law, another measure that 
has brought renown to Texas as a model in that 
class of legislation. Mr. Owsley was likewise a 
member of the committee of five which drafted 
the bill for a railroad commission, which became 
a law, and was the leader in the fight for this 
measure, especially for the "long and short haul 
clause," of which he was the advocate. Again in 
the twenty-second legislature he had a prominent 
position on the judiciary committee No. 1, and 
was chairman of the committee on penitentiaries 
and instrumental in passing the reformatory law 
for youthful offenders. As a member of the in- 
ternal improvement committee he was one of the 
framers of the separate coach law, one of the 



io8 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



most popular to the people at large that was ever 
enacted in any state. In 1894 Mr. Owsley was 
elected to the twenty-fourth legislature and served 
for a third term. He was one of the most active 
working members of the house and was promi- 
nently in the fore in all the most important legis- 
lation enacted during his service. In 1892 he 
was presidential elector, representing the fifth 
district and helping to cast the vote of Texas for 
Cleveland in the electoral college. He was again 
chosen presidential elector in 1904. 

In his home town Mr. Owsley should be given 
credit for many of the substantial features that 
make it one of the best known cities of Texas, 
especially as an educational center. It was 
through his specific efforts that the North Texas 
State Normal College and the Girls' Industrial 
College, both state institutions, were located in 
Denton, although numerous other cities pressed 
their claims for this distinction. Mr. Owsley's 
wide and favorable acquaintance with legislators, 
state officials and other men in public life enabled 
him to perform this service for his town. In 
many other ways he has promoted public meas- 
ures and in fact his co-operation is never sought 
in vain for the advancement of any movement for 
Denton's upbuilding and welfare. He is a man 
of great force of character and possesses an un- 
daunted spirit toward the accomplishment of any 
object which he undertakes. His public record is 
one which will bear the closest investigation, as 
it is characterized by the conscientious perform- 
ance of every duty devolving upon him and loy- 
alty to every trust that is given him. He ranks 
among the distinguished citizens of Texas, hon- 
ored and respected in public life, while in his 
home town, where he is best known, he has the 
warm personal regard and friendship of the 
great majority of his fellow citizens. 

SNEED STRONG, M. D. One of the repre- 
sentative families of Montague county, whose 
residence has been maintained herein since its 
advent thither a third of a century ago, is that 
represented by Dr. Sneed Strong, of Bowie, the 
subject of this biographical review. The year 
1873 marked its entrance to the county, and the 
worth) head of the family chose for the site of 
his new home a tract of wild land eight miles 
east of Montague, where for seven years the 
family domicile was maintained. For two gener- 
ations this worthy sire confined his labors to the 
varied industries of the farm, training his chil- 
dren to love labor for the pleasure of its fruits 
and watching them pass from his dominions to 
assume honorable stations in different walks of 
life and himself finally retiring to the quiet of 



urban life with the weight of years and filled with 
a consciousness of having performed a modest part 
in the reduction and improvement of a new coun- 
try and in creating and stabilizing its social 
fabric. 

This well known family, headed by James A. 
Strong, the father of our subject, came to Texas 
from Morgan county, Missouri, where Mr. 
Strong had lived since 183 1 and where the first 
forty-five years of his life had been passed. He 
was born in Tennessee September 20, 1828, and 
farm life in Missouri, where his father settled so 
early, and four years of frontier experience in the 
gold fields of California occupied him previous to 
his advent to the Lone Star state. His parents, 
Martin and Margaret Strong, were of the pio- 
neers to Morgan county, Missouri, where they 
died, the father in 189S at the age of ninety 
years. Of their other children, William was 
killed as a Confederate soldier during the war; 
Benjamin resides in Morg-an county, Missouri; 
Francis M., of the same county ; Levi is a resi- 
dent of Idaho ; Mary married Bryant Cox and 
died with issue in Morgan county, Missouri ; Re- 
becca became the wife of John Hatcher and lives 
in Arkansas, and Harvey died in McDonald 
county, Missouri. 

The childhood advantages of James A. Strong 
were of necessity meager, and the necessity and 
value of labor were the chief elements of his edu- 
cation. When he assumed his station in life he 
chose the vocation of his fathers. He was allured 
to the Pacific coast states in 1854 by the prospects 
of a "lucky strike" in some unsearched locality 
and he joined the line of march to the Occident, 
crossing the plains and reaching his destination 
after some months of weary plodding and suc- 
cessfully passing through two thousand miles of 
forbidding and hostile country. Upon his return 
in 1858 he chose the water route, and made the 
trip across the isthmus to Key West and New 
York and home again just as the rumblings of a 
fratricidal war were beginning to be heard. 
When the struggle between the two sections of 
our country came on his sympathies were with 
the south, and while his age precluded the pos- 
sibility of active service on his part he became a 
militiaman and rendered what service he could 
in preserving order at home. His wife was Mary 
J. Pittman, a Kentucky lady, whose mother, Abi- 
gail Pittman, settled in Morgan county, Missouri, 
also as a pioneer. The issue of their marriage 
was : James M., who owns a cotton gin at Qua- 
nah, Texas; "U 'illiam M., of Bowie, Texas; Sterl- 
ing P., well known in Bowie and a real estate 
and loan broker; Maggie, wife of T. J. Williams. 
of Plainville, Texas ; Dr. Sneed, our subject, born 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



109 



March 27, 1865 ; Laura, wife of S. J. Brown, of 
Dye, Texas, and now deceased, and Walter C, 
clerk of the court of civil appeals of Texas at 
Fort Worth. Mrs. Strong, the mother of Dr. 
Strong was born in 1829, and died January 26, 
1905. Her brothers and sisters were : Jefferson 
Williams' wife, Clara, who died in Arkansas ; 
Sarah, wife of Jacob Kingery, of Claremont, 
Texas ; Rachel, who married F. M. Bandy, of San 
Saba county, Texas ; Catherine ; Mrs. John Mel- 
ton of Tuscumbia, Missouri. 

Dr. Sneed Strong's birth occurred in Morgan 
county, Missouri. The first eighteen years of his 
life were entirely rural and this environment con- 
tributed to a strong body and a strong brain. 
Leaving his father's farm of a half section near 
Montague, he entered his brother's store at Mon- 
tague as a dry goods clerk, where he served two 
years. The county clerk's office at Montague 
then knew him as an assistant for eighteen 
months, during which era he employed himself 
with reading medical works. A course of lec- 
tures followed his retirement from the court 
house and the Missouri Medical College at St. 
Louis provided his tuition. As a further aid to 
his ambition he took a clerkship in the comp- 
troller's office in Austin and spent a year and a 
half there, and with the funds thus secured he 
resumed his professional studies in St. Louis 
and graduated from the Missouri Medical Col- 
lege April 1, 1891. From his graduation till Jan- 
uary 1, 1904, he practiced his profession in Stone- 
burg, in the county where he had been reared, 
and on the latter date he took up his residence 
and his work in Bowie. January 1, 1905, he asso- 
ciated himself with Dr. George W. Yeakley, and 
the firm of Strong & Yeakley began its success- 
ful career. In the practice Dr. Strong represents 
the Old School of physicians and his familiarity 
with the latest achievement in medical science 
and his wholesome grasp of the science itself 
renders him a formidable antagonist of disease. 
He is a member of the Montague County Medical 
and the Northwest Texas Medical Associations 
and of the Texas State Medical Association. 

January 14, 1893, Dr. Strong married Miss 
Lee Benefield, a daughter of a farmer, J. P. Ben- 
efield, who came to Texas from Louisiana. The 
children of this marriage are Gervais B. and Joy. 
In politics the Strongs are Democrats. In the 
early eighties James A., the father, became an 
adherent of the Greenback faith and made the 
race for tax collector on that ticket, but since 
the passing of the reform era and the final settle- 
ment into their natural places of all political ele- 
ments father and sons are united on one party 



and its principles. Among the standard fraterni- 
ties the Doctor is a Royal Arch Mason. 

ANDREW McCAMPBELL, Jr., deputy in- 
ternal revenue collector of Fort Worth, is a na- 
tive of Jessamine county, Kentucky, and a son of 
Andrew and Mary D. (Willmore) McCampbell, 
the father also born in Jessamine county. The 
great-grandfather of our subject was a native of 
Scotland, and the McCampbells after coming to 
America settled in Tennessee and Kentucky, 
where many representatives of the name have 
become prominent in public and business life. 
Hon. James A. McCampbell, an uncle of Andrew 
McCampbell, was a member of the state senate 
of Kentucky, as was the latter's maternal grand- 
father, Mr. Willmore, who likewise belonged to 
one of the old and prominent families of Jessa- 
mine county. 

Andrew McCampbell, Sr., was the first Re- 
publican sheriff ever elected in Jessamine county. 
At the breaking out of the Civil war he organ- 
ized and was elected captain of Company A, 
Twentieth Kentucky Infantry, U. S. A., and ren- 
dered gallant service in defense of the Union 
throughout the entire war. In 1878, accompanied 
by his family,- he came to Texas, living in Gray- 
son county for two years, after which he removed 
to Fort Worth, where the McCampbells have 
since lived. For several years the father con- 
ducted a stock and dairy farm, and during the 
early years of his residence in Fort Worth he 
was proprietor of a grocery store here, carrying 
on the business until about 1882. 

Andrew McCampbell was a young lad when 
brought to this city, and he acquired his educa- 
tion in the public schools here, but started out to 
earn his own living at an early age. He was em- 
ployed as driver of a grocery wagon and coal 
wagon and later worked as engine wiper in the 
Fort Worth & Denver Railroad shops. In 1890 
he was appointed mail carrier in Fort Worth, 
serving in that capacity for two years, and from 
1892 until 1897 was deputy United States mar- 
shal, holding the office under both the Republican 
and Democratic administrations, his Republican 
superior being P. B. Hunt and the Democratic 
marshal being R. M. Love. In 1897 he was ap- 
pointed deputy revenue collector of the fourth 
collection district, composed of two hundred and 
fourteen counties of Texas, Mr. McCampbell 
having charge of seventy-eight counties in his 
division, extending over northern Texas and to 
the New Mexico line. In addition to this he is 
deputv for the entire district on special work for 
the internal revenue department, and the labor 
that he has done in this connection has been espe- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AXD WEST TEXAS. 



daily commended by the officials at Washington 
as a very capable and efficient officer. 

Mr. McCampbell was married in Fort 

Worth to Miss Mamie Maurice, a member of one 

of the old families of the city., living here for 

nearly thirty years. They now have a daughter, 

Jennie Belle.' Mr. McCampbell belongs to the 

Woodmen of the World and the Knights of 

Pythias fraternities, and his political allegiance 

n to the Republican part}'. In his life he 

s many of the sterling characteristics of 

- »tch ancestry, and in every relation in 

which he has been found he has been loyal to his 

duty and the trust reposed in him. 

COLONEL RICHARD M. WYNNE, promi- 
nent lawyer and man of affairs of Fort Worth, 
has a reputation throughout the great state of 
Texas for brilliant ability as a legal practitioner 
and for wonderful courage and unconquerable 
integrity in the hard and grueling contest for 
position in the world, and even for existence 
during his earlier years, when, disabled in body 
but unbroken in spirit after his gallant devotion 
to the lost cause, he, with the aid of his noble 
wife, applied himself, what time he could spare 
from arduous manual toil to keep soul and body 
together, to the study of law and preparation for 
the larger career of his ambition — out from 
which early trials he came triumphant and suc- 
cessful, to rank among the foremost legal lights 
and political leaders of the Lone Star state. 

The edifying career of Colonel Wynne has al- 
ready been set forth convincing]}- and in a man- 
ner worthy of the subject by one of his many 
loyal friends, and the present biographer can do 
no better than to state a few outline facts before 
quoting entire the happily worded life history, as 
given of our well known Texas lawyer and states- 
man. 

Colonel Wynne was a son of William Ben- 
jamin and Sarah Anne (Moore) Wynne, who 
were both born in Tennessee and died in Texas, 
his mother being a great-niece of Bishop 
McKendry of Tennessee. Colonel Wynne's wife 
is Laura (Kelly) Wynne, and they have four 
children : William Percy ; Mrs. Laura Pauline 
Stephens, wife of Dr. Ernest L. Stephens ; 
Richard M. Wynne, Jr. ; and James Harold 
Wynne. 

In December, 1897, Colonel Wynne was unan- 
imously endorsed by the Democratic executive 
committee of Tarrant county as a candidate for 
the nomination for governor, and the committee 
issued an address to the Democrats of the state 
earnestly recommending his nomination. He 



made a creditable canvass during the following 
winter and spring, and, although defeated in 
the convention, he won the delegates in every 
county 1 where he spoke and made a canvass. 

It was apropos of this canvass that the follow- 
ing sketch of Colonel Wynne, written by Hon. 
R. T. Milner, appeared in the Henderson Times, 
published at the Colonel's old home : 

"It is not strange that the news of Colonel R. 
M. Wynne's announcement for governor has 
created great enthusiasm for his cause in this 
part of the state. In the array of splendid men 
already announced for that office no one has 
been more devoted to his country or truer to the 
principles of Democracy than Dick Wynne. 
No one has claims superior to his; none outrank 
him in experience, ability- and statesmanship. His 
life presents a most remarkable example of what 
one can do unaided by anything in the world ex- 
cept the elements that come with one's birth. 
Compelled by the hard master of poverty to 
struggle for his daily bread, with no advantages 
of education except the school of experience, 
he passed his early years in an unpretentious 
pioneer home, fifteen miles from the nearest court 
house. Dick Wynne was born in Haywood 
county, Tennessee, in 1844, but in the fall of that 
year his father moved to Rusk county, Texas. 
and settled near Bellview, on Caney creek, in 
the midst of a howling wilderness. There he 
grew to a youth of seventeen years, worked on 
a farm and went to school in the winters after 
all the crops were gathered, all the schooling 
he ever had. In 1861 he enlisted for the war in 
Captain Barton's company, and immediately 
started for the point of contest in the east. 'With 
his company he crossed the Mississippi river and 
joined the main army at Corinth, having first 
been organized into the Tenth Texas Cavalry, 
afterwards dismounted. His company was put 
in General Hogg's brigade at Corinth and took 
part in the battle of Farmersville under Bragg, 
just after the battle of Shilch. He remained 
continuously with the Army of the Tennessee, as 
it was then designated, until he was finally dis- 
abled at Xashville. He participated in every 
battle in which his regiment took part during 
the entire war, and his bravery and valor, in 
every contest, challenged the highest praise and 
admiration of the brave and gallant men who 
fought by his side. He was promoted to the 
second lieutenancy of his company in 1863, 
when but eighteen years old, and in response to 
a petition he commanded Company B of his regi- 
ment during the Georgia campaign, or till they 
fell back to Atlanta, at which time he was sent 




RICHARD M. WYNNE 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



on scout service in the rear of Sherman's army 
then besieging Atlanta. 

"In the furious battle of Murphreesboro, in 
which part of the Union army was almost de- 
stroyed, Dick Wynne was carried from the field 
maimed in body and his clothes crimsoned with 
blood. From this wound he recovered, only 
to receive one later on; at the battle of Nashville, 
which will go with him to the grave. For nine 
weeks he was completely paralyzed, and was 
left in the hands of the enemy. He came home 
from prison, in December, 1865, eight months 
after the surrender of Lee at Appomattox. 

"With the consciousness that he had done his 
duty as he saw it in the light of truth, patriot- 
ism and loyalty, carrying with him the scars of 
many an historic battlefield, with his good right 
arm dead in his sleeve, and his right leg partial- 
ly paralyzed, and with as brave a soul and as 
true a heart and as noble a mind as God in His 
wisdom ever gave to a Confederate soldier, Dick 
Wynne came home to commence anew the strug- 
gle of life. And these were all that he brought 
back. Being too feeble to work on the farm, 
he was induced to run for office. Therefore, 
in 1866, when Throckmorton was elected gov- 
ernor, the Democrats of Rusk county triumph- 
antly elected Wynne to the office of sheriff, the 
election taking place on June 26, only a few 
days after he had reached the age of twenty-one. 
He held that office until he, with the rest of the 
Democrats, was removed by reconstruction acts. 
When removed he had made no money out of the 
office save a bare support. In the meantime, 
however, he had married Miss Laura Kelly, a 
lady whose educational training was of the best 
and whose literary attainments are of a high or- 
der. He went to work on a farm near Henderson, 
manipulated the plow and hoe with one hand, 
and made a good crop, studying law and reading 
generally under the tutelage of his wife. _The 
proceeds from this crop were sufficient to sup- 
port his family the greater part of the following 
year. Hence he was enabled to prosecute his 
studies more vigorously, so he read law all spring 
and summer in the office of Judge Gould. In the 
fall, being out of money, he operated a gin and 
made twelve bales of cotton with his wife's help, 
she weighing the cotton as it was received and 
he operating the gin. With the proceeds of the 
cotton thus earned he supported himself and 
family until he was admitted to the bar. At 
that time the bar at Henderson was known to 
be one of great power and strength. There were 
such distinguished lawyers as Stedman, Jones, 
Morris, Bagley, Gould, Parsons, Armstrong, 



Casey and others. Wynne made such rapid 
progress that at the end of five years Hon. J. 
H. Jones offered him a partnership, which he ac- 
cepted, Colonel Jones at that time being the ac- 
knowledged head of the bar in Henderson; and 
for ten years the firm of Jones and Wynne did 
the leading practice of east Texas. 

"In 1880 he was nominated and elected to the 
state senate. He was not a candidate for the 
place and was nominated without solicitation on 
his part. He served two sessions — a regular ses- 
sion in 1881 and a special session in 1882. While 
in the senate he took an active part in all legisla- 
tive matters, and soon became one of the most 
prominent members of that body. He was one 
of the strongest supporters of the three-cent-a- 
mile railroad bill ; favored criminal law reforms, 
and was one of the five members who framed 
the bill establishing the University of Texas. He 
was a zealous supporter of Governor Roberts in 
all his reforms, and was known as one of the 
'Old Alcalde's' leaders in the senate. He sup- 
ported with all his ability the Confederate land 
pension bill, and was then an advocate of a rail- 
road commission and, together with others, made 
a hard fight to create one. 

"At the end of his term, in 1882, he ran for 
attorney general, and was defeated by a small 
majority by John D. Templeton. But he turned 
defeat into victory in an eloquent speech with- 
drawing his name from the convention. So 
powerful was the effect of his speech that he was 
assured by at least four-fifths of the delegates 
of that convention that if they could reconsider 
their votes they would vote for him. 

"Soon after that, on April 10, 1883, he moved 
to Fort Worth, in which city he has since resided, 
engaging in the practice of law. Though often 
importuned to run for governor, he has declined 
until now, and has only consented to make the 
race after the most earnest solicitations and as- 
surances of support from friends throughout the 
state. In all the contests of the past, when ag- 
gregated wealth, under the control of heartless 
'corporations, has sought to override the liberties 
of the people, Dick Wynne has been found where 
all true Democrats have been found, hand in hand 
with the masses, proclaiming the doctrine that 
shall live as long as justice endures — 'Equal 
rights to all, special privileges to none.' His sym- 
pathies are naturally with the great body of the 
people in their struggles for right and good gov- 
ernment. In his great heart there is an abiding 
concern for the poor and distressed, and no one 
in a just cause ever called on him without enlist- 
ing his services. One of his old neighbors, who 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



knew him before and during the war, and who 
has watched his course since with the deepest 
solicitude, remarked to the writer only a few days 
ago that he never knew a truer man than Dick 
Wynne. 'He has always been right, and I have 
observed that those men who have been true sol- 
diers, brave, honest and faithful, have been the 
true men since, and Dick Wynne was one of the 
truest soldiers in our army,' is the way his old 
neighbor and comrade expressed it. And we 
might add that, here at his old home, among 
those who knew him in his youth and have hon- 
ored him in his manhood, is shared the opinion 
expressed above by the old Confederate soldier 
who slept with him over in Georgia and Tennes- 
see and Virginia, when Dick was a mere boy, 
and where so many of our brave and good boys 
will continue to sleep until they with the brave 
boys in blue clasp hands in the morn of the resur- 
rection. It is not strange that Dick Wynne's 
candidacy was received with enthusiasm over 
here at his old home." 

ABB J. BROWN, one of the early residents 
of Montague county who is successfully engaged 
in stock farming, was born in Terrell county, 
Georgia, on the 2nd of May, 1850. His parents 
were Abb and Polly (Isom) Brown, likewise na- 
tives of Georgia, in which state they were reared 
and married. The maternal grandfather was a 
quarter Cherokee Indian, who followed agricul- 
tural pursuits and was a respected resident of 
his community. Abb Brown, the father, was a 
son of Abb Brown, Sr., who was an early settler 
of South Carolina, where he devoted his attention 
to agricultural pursuits, becoming an influential 
resident of his home locality. He had no aspira- 
tion for public honors or office but preferred to 
devote his attention quietly to his agricultural 
pursuits and spent his entire life in South Car- 
olina. He had two sons: Ezekiel, a farmer of 
Georgia ; and Abb Brown, Jr. 

The latter was reared in South Carolina and 
when he had attained to man's estate went to 
( reorgia, where he was employed as an overseer, 
occupying a good position of that character for 
many years. He was married five times in 
1 reorgia and was the father of twenty-two chil- 
dren born of four of the marriages. All lived 
to adult age. Following his first marriage he 
bought a plantation and was engaged in farming. 
He became a prominenl agriculturist and slave 
owner and was one of the substantial residents 
of his pari of the state, gaining success as the 
years went by. In 1864 he sold his property 
in Georgia and bought property in Florida, where 
he remained until the time of his death, which oc- 



curred in 1877 when he had reached the ripe old 
age of eighty-four years. The war greatly di- 
minished his estate and through the emancipation 
proclamation he lost twenty-one slaves. The 
earnings of a lifetime were thus largely swept 
away. In politics he was a strong and influen- 
tial Democrat and for a number of years while 
living in Georgia he served as justice of the 
peace. He was a well educated man and always 
kept informed on the questions and issues of the 
day and he was likewise well read in the law. 
The mother of our subject survived her husband 
for a number of years, remaining at the old home- 
stead in Florida until her death in 1887. She was 
a consistent and worthy Methodist and was a lady 
of many excellent traits of character. She be- 
came the mother of seven children: Abb J., of 
this review ; Mrs. Jane Barrington ; Mrs. Fannie 
Mosely ; Ezekiel, who died in Florida ; Joseph, 
who is living in that state; Lagrand, deceased; 
and Napoleon, who is living in Florida. 

Abb J. Brown removed with his parents from 
Georgia to Florida when fourteen years of age 
and was there reared to manhood. In 1872, the 
year following his marriage, he came to Texas, 
locating in Montague county near where he yet 
resides. He began the experiment of farming, 
believing that it might be profitably conducted 
here and in his efforts he has won success. He lo- 
cated on this land and yet makes his home on the 
original property. He has made excellent im- 
provements here, placing the fields under cultiva- 
tion and now has a good farm, owning one hun- 
dred and fifteen acres of land which he purchased 
from the original owner and to which he has since 
added until he now owns seven hundred 
acres, of which three hundred and fifty acres is 
under cultivation. He has assisted some of his 
sons in starting farm work on their own account, 
but he keeps about one hundred acres to culti- 
vate for himself. He formerly engaged in 
handling cattle quite extensively, but in more re- 
cent years has given his attention to general agri- 
cultural pursuits. Since he has made a start in 
this county he has never purchased but fifty bush- 
els of corn. That was in the season of 1886, 
when his corn crop was short. With the excep- 
tion of that year he has not only raised enough 
for his own use, but also some to sell, and most 
of the time has harvested very good crops of 
corn and other products. He has raised as high 
as twenty-nine bushels of wheat to the acre, one 
hundred and four bushels of oats and eighty-five 
bushels of corn. He is satisfied with his pros- 
pects of farming and to his agricultural pursuits 
devotes his entire time and attention. He is a 
stanch Democrat, but has never aspired to office, 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



ii3 



preferring to give his undivided energies to his 
business affairs. 

Mr. Brown was married in 1871 to Miss Geor- 
gia Hill, who was born in Florida October 3, 
1850, and is a daughter of James and Sarah 
(Caraway) Hill, both of whom were natives of 
South Carolina, but were married in Florida, 
where they took up their abode upon a farm. 
There all of their children were born. At one time 
the father likewise engaged in merchandising, 
and at the time of the Civil war he entered the 
Confederate army, with which he continued to 
serve until the close of hostilities. While in the 
army he was detailed to the commissary depart- 
ment. When the war was over he returned to his 
family in Florida, where he remained until 187 1, 
when he removed to Texas and for two years was 
a resident of Tarrant county. He then came to 
Montague county, where he engaged in farming, 
and for some years he followed that pursuit, but 
is now living retired at Belcher. His wife, how- 
ever, died in May, 1895. At the age of seventy- 
six years he is enjoying the fruits of his former 
toil in a well earned rest. His political allegiance 
is given to the Democracy. In his family were 
seven children : Mrs. Georgia Brown ; Clayton, 
who is engaged in the hardware business in Mon- 
tague ; Rosa, the wife of John Brown ; Eliza, the 
wife of George Stafford; Belle, the wife of T. 
Willis ; Adda, who married L. Risten, and Daniel 
R., living in Oklahoma. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Brown have been born seven 
children: Robert L. and William G., who fol- 
low farming ; Alice A., the wife of J. Griffith ; 
Frank M., a bookkeeper ; Rosa, Fannie B. and 
Laura E., all at home. The mother is a member 
of the Methodist church. The family have a wide 
and favorable acquaintance in this part of the 
state and enjoy the hospitality of its best homes. 

THADDEUS KOSCIUSKO JONES, M. D. 
Active among the young business men of Hen- 
rietta and conspicuous as a successful practi- 
tioner of medicine in Clay county is the worthy 
gentleman named in the introduction to this 
review. Capable and efficient in his profession, 
reliable in his business judgment and sincere 
and honorable as a citizen, it is our privilege to 
present to posterity through the medium of 
this volume the salient facts of his family his- 
tory. 

Beginning with his origin, Dr. Jones is a Ten- 
nesseean, born in Rutherford county, September 
30, 1875. His was one of the early settled fam- 
ilies of the county, for his father, Samuel P. 
Jones, was born in 1827, near where the grand- 
father settled as an emigrant from North Caro- 



lina. While Samuel P. Jones was a farmer it 
seems the earlier heads of families were, in the 
main, either merchants or public officers. 

Samuel P. Jones, now of Rockwall, Texas, 
first visited the Lone Star state in 1856 but re- 
turned to Tennessee before the Civil war and 
served in the Eighteenth Tennessee Regiment 
of Confederate troops during that era. For his 
wife he married Mattie McCullough, who is 
yet his companion, they taking up their resi- 
dence at Rockwall, Texas. Their five children 
are : Forest, of Rockwall ; James, of Ruther- 
ford county, Tennessee ; Mary, who died in 
1902, was the wife of J . R . Sanders of the same 
county and state ; Pascal, of Rockwall, and Dr. 
Thaddeus K., our subject. 

Dr. Jones passed his youth upon his father's 
Tennessee farm and laid the foundation for a 
common school education in the country school. 
He left the farm at about nineteen years of age 
and during fall and winter months, for three 
years, was employed in and about an oil mill at 
Rockwall while in summer he aided his brothers 
who were in the dray and transfer business and 
did some clerking in a drugstore in the same 
town. In the spring of 1895 he began reading 
medicine with Dr. J. F. Corry and in further 
preparation for a profession spent three years 
in Vanderbilt University at Nashville. He 
graduated in medicine April 1, 1898, and lo- 
cated in Rockwall, Texas, for the first year. He 
then came to Henrietta and formed a partner- 
ship with Dr. E. A. Johnston, was with him a 
short time and then associated himself with Dr. 
Tenney. Later he and Dr. A. B. Edwards be- 
came partners and remained so till the hitter's 
retirement from the profession in 1903, when, 
in June of that year, he made common cause 
with Dr. E. Puckett, a former townsman from 
Rockwall, with whom he is still associated. In 
1902 the doctor took a post-graduate course at 
Vanderbilt and spent several weeks in Johns 
Hopkins University. 

In a business way, Dr. Jones is one of the prin- 
cipals in the drug firm of Ellis and Jones, Hen- 
rietta ; is interested, in a small way, in the sheep 
business, and is one of the promoters of the 
Jones, Hanna and Wyatt Oil Company and in the 
Townsite Oil Company, both developers of oil 
lands in the northern portion of Clay county. 

June 13, 1899, Dr. Jones married, in Rockwall, 
Texas, Miss Nannie, daughter of Green White, 
of Rockwall, formerly of Tennessee. The 
doctor is a blue lodge and chapter Mason, a 
Pythian Knight and an Odd Fellow. He be- 
longs, also, to the Knights of the Maccabees 



ii 4 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



and was from 1903-05 one of the aldermen of 
Henrietta, and is now mayor of the city. 

MERIDA G. ELLIS, capitalist and real 
estate dealer at Fort Worth, has been a resident 
of Texas from pioneer times, being a native son 
of the state. His birth occurred in April, 1847, 
at the family home about three miles east of 
Denton, in Denton county, his parents being 
J. N. and Artimisa (Brown) Ellis, both of 
whom were natives of Tennessee. They re- 
moved from that state to Missouri and subse- 
quently to Denton county, Texas, where they 
arrived in 1846. The father purchased a farm 
three miles east of the present county seat and 
thereon he and his wife resided throughout 
their remaining days. They left a family of 
eight children, all of whom are now deceased 
with the exception of Merida G. James Ellis, 
one of the sons, died at Fort Worth in De- 
cember, 1899. 

As Merida G. Ellis lost his parents in his 
early infancy, he was taken into the family of 
his uncle, Samuel P. Loving, who soon after- 
ward removed to Tarrant county, locating on a 
farm on Sycamore Creek about four miles from 
the present court house in Fort Worth. In 
February, 1862, when not yet fifteen years of 
age, Merida G. Ellis enlisted in the Confederate 
army and served until the close of the war in 
1865. He was first enrolled at Fort Worth in 
Captain Peak's company but soon afterward 
was assigned to duty with the company under 
command of Captain Jack Brinson and con- 
tinued in the army east of the Mississippi river 
until 1863, Avhen he was discharged at Tupelo, 
Mississippi, on account of ill health. Soon 
afterward, however, he re-enlisted at Fort 
Worth and became a member of Captain Archie 
Hart's company, Martin's regiment, with which 
he served throughout the remainder of the war 
in the Trans-Mississippi department, mostly 
doing duty in Texas and receiving his discharge 
at Richmond, this state. 

When the war was ended Mr. Ellis returned 
to his uncle's home in Tarrant county and later 
went to western Texas, where he worked at 
the cattle business on the plains. In 1867, how- 
ever, he returned to Fort Worth, realizing the 
value of a better education than he had been 
able to acquire and spent the time in school until 
1868. In that year he was married to Miss J. 
Darter, a sister of William A. Darter of this 
city, who is mentioned elsewhere in this work. 
There have been four children born of this un- 
ion : Mrs. Minnie Lynch, Mrs. Rosa McCart, 
Mrs. Bessie McCollum and Merida G., Jr. 



Since his marriage Mr. Ellis has made his 
home in Fort Worth, and although not yet an 
old man in years he is one of the oldest living 
pioneers of the city, Col. Abe Harris being per- 
haps the only resident of Fort Worth now 
living here who was here when Mr. Ellis came 
to Tarrant county with his uncle and aunt. 
For several years he was prominently engaged 
in mercantile and other business interests of 
the city, being a member of the firm of Ellis 
and Huffman, dealers in agricultural imple- 
ments, but in 1882 he sold out to his partner and 
invested largely in land, on which the city of 
North Fort Worth has been built, having more 
than fifteen hundred acres there. He was one 
of the promoters and founders of the original 
stock yards at North Fort Worth, beginning 
the development in this enterprise about the 
time that he retired from mercantile life and 
like many promoters qf worthy enterprises 
which subsequently become financially profit- 
able he lost money in the venture. He was 
president of the stock yards and packing house 
company at North Fort Worth for more than 
two years. This was the beginning of what is 
now the greatest feature in the business life of 
the city, the stock yards and packing industry. 
Since 1888 Mr. Ellis has been engaged in the 
real estate business and is now one of the rep- 
resentative and successful men of the city. 
Moreover he has been closely identified with 
the development and progress of this portion 
of the state through long years and his busi- 
ness dealings are interwoven with its history. 
He belongs to R. E. Lee Camp, U. C. V. 

J. WORTH TIMMONS. Perhaps no one 
family has so closely identified itself with 
Young county and has been more sincerely 
and actively connected with its industrial af- 
fairs than the one represented by the subject of 
this notice and for fealty to friends and loyalty 
and integrity of purpose J. Worth Timmons ad- 
mirably excels. A commissioner of his county, a 
prominent cowman of the old regime and a 
large farmer of the present day, he is one of the 
substantial characters of his municipality and 
a rugged example of western citizenship. 

March 7, 1S50, J. Worth Timmons was born 
in Cherokee county, Georgia, a son of Alex- 
ander and Julia (Moss) Timmons, industrious 
farmers of their adopted county. Alexander 
Timmons was born in Hall county, Georgia, in 
1820, was sparingly educated and was a son of 
Noble Timmons, who was born on the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland, in 1783, moved with his 
family to Georgia, passed his life as a farmer 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



"5 



and miller and died in 1860. Noble Timmons 
served in the war of 1812 and married Elender 
Powers, who bore him John, Samuel, Mary, 
wife of William Brooks, Alexander, William, 
Noble, and Elender, who married a Patterson. 

Alexander Timmons left his Cherokee coun- 
ty, Georgia, home in 1861 and drove through 
to Texas, through Tennessee, Kentucky, Ar- 
kansas, Missouri and Indian Territory, stop- 
ping in Hill county, Texas, until 1863, when he 
moved on to Hamilton county and, in the spring 
of 1866, to Young county, where he passed 
away in 1881. He located on Clear Fork two 
miles below Eliasville, where he purchased one 
survey and pre-empted one. His early years 
in the county were devoted chiefly to the cattle 
and sheep industry, although he made some pre- 
tense to farming, and he served as justice of the 
peace some years. He opposed the war of the 
states and left his native state to escape the 
evil effects he knew would follow. He was a 
State Ranger for a time and sustained some 
losses at the hands of the Indians. In senti- 
ment he was a strong Union man during the 
war period and felt that the south should have 
demanded its rights within the Union. After 
the war he voted the Democratic ticket and 
lived in harmony with the political views of 
his neighbors. He was a member of the Primi- 
tive Baptist church. 

Alexander Timmons married, in 1846, a 
daughter of David Moss. Mrs. Timmons was 
born in Spartanburg District, South Carolina, 
in 1822, June 28, and died August 20, 1897. 
Her mother was a Miss White. The issue of 
Mr. and Mrs. Timmons were: Nancy, deceased 
wife of A. B. Median, passed away in October, 
1878; Joseph Worth, our subject; Rosalia, wife 
of John Marlin, of Throckmorton county ; 
Palestine, wife of Judge W. H. Peckham, of 
Fort Worth, and John, who died in Young 
county in 1876, unmarried. 

J. Worth Timmons came to Texas when elev- 
en years of age and received some school train- 
ing at Towash, Hill county, and attended school 
some in Plamilton county, one term at Belknap 
and one at Weatherford. He remained with 
the parental home till past twenty-one and 
when he started in life went to work on the 
range for his brother-in-law, Mr. Median, for 
a per cent of the increase. He accumulated a 
bunch of cattle of his own, chose the "Tim" as 
his brand and continued it till 1878 — having 
lost more than four hundred head by theft in 
1873 — when he sold the brand and entered the 
field with a new brand. In 1882 he sold his 
"Dog" brand and began buying land prepara- 



tory to leaving the range and paying attention 
to active agriculture. He has six hundred and 
forty acres on the north side of the Brazos and 
nine hundred and twenty acres on the south 
side, in Young county, and carries only what 
stock the pastures will support. 

Mr. Timmons was united in marriage Oc- 
tober 26, 1880, with Miss Nannie Willis, a 
daughter of George Willis, who passed away in 
Jackson county, Alabama. Mrs Timmons was 
born in Alabama in 1863 and came to Texas 
with her mother, now Mrs. A. B. Median, in 
1873, and to Young county in 1878. She has 
two sisters, Mrs. Serena Turner, of New 
Mexico and Mrs. Sarah Ragland, of Young 
county. Mr. and Mrs. Timmons 3 children are: 
Cornelia, wife of P. D. Clack, of Havre, Mon- 
tana, with a son, W'orth Median:; Julia, a Mon- 
tana teacher; George W., a Montana railroad 
man; Ina B., of Havre; Roscoe C, John M., 
Joseph W., Carl A., Edward W., Paul and 
Herman. 

Mr. Timmons has ever taken a good citizen's 
interest in local politics. He served four years 
as cattle inspector and inspector of hides for 
his county and was appointed county commis- 
sioner early in 1905 to fill out the term of 
Joseph Ford for the first commissioner's pre- 



ANDREW JACKSON. Along the valleys 
of Denton creek, before the Civil War, a few 
hardy settlers ventured and thrust themselves 
almost into the doorways, as it were, of the 
tepees of the hostile Indian with their imple- 
ments of civilization. Land was anywhere to be 
had for the taking and but for the occasional 
forays of bands of red men. bent on murder and 
rapine, there was no one to dispute their pos- 
session. They were homeseekers and pros- 
pective home-builders and they willed to stay 
on Denton creek and, notwithstanding the in- 
numerable attempts to prevent by hostile 
hordes, they did stay and the children of that 
day are the representative men and women of 
the valley today. 

Among the last of the ante-bellum settlers 
of that locality, whose posterity have added 
wealth and the renown of honest citizenship to 
their county, was James Jackson, father of 
the subject of this review. He added his family 
to the sparse settlement in the fall of 1860 and 
located them on the right bluff of the stream 
some three miles below where the hamlet of 
Denver was afterward laid out. While he was 
classed as a farmer and had farming carried on, 
he was actively a trader and this vocation prob- 



I if) 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



ably yielded him more revenue in this new 
country than did his farm. He was born in 
north Georgia, in the region tributary to Chat- 
tanooga, Tennessee, and grew up "there, but 
went to Arkansas about 1842 and was married 
in .Montgomery county, where he first settled. 
He afterward lived in Pike county and came to 
Texas from there. Caroline Brock was his first 
wife and she died in Montgomery county, 
Arkansas, in 1846, and for his second wife he 
married Elizabeth Carpenter, who died in Mon- 
tague county, Texas. 

James Jackson was a man of no education, 
but nevertheless possessed good business judg- 
ment and made a financial success of life. By 
his first wife his only child was Andrew, our 
subject. By his second wife were: Elizabeth 
J., married Riley Willingham, now deceased, 
and resides in Denver, Texas; Charles Ralph; 
Sarah D., wife of Samuel McDonald, of Den- 
ver; and Mahala married D. C. McDonald, 
another leading farmer and pioneer of Denton 
creek valley; Millie M.. widow of Joseph Mc- 
Donald and wife of Early Nixon, of Haskell 
county, Texas; Sena I., deceased wife of Frank 
Willingham ; Eliza E., wife of Flouston Wain- 
scott, of Denver, Texas ; Drusie., deceased, mar- 
ried John W. Williams, and left no issue, and 
Frank, who died single. 

Andrew Jackson was born in Montgomery 
county, Arkansas, October 24, 1846, and came 
to the country of the red man at about fourteen 
years of age. After his father's death, in 1869, 
at fifty-five years of age, he became the active 
head of the family and he beg'in life more on 
the education of actual experience than from 
any knowledge gained from books. During the 
war he belonged to Captain John Willingham's 
company of I Ionic ( inards which simply kept a 
watchful eye upon the Indians prowling up and 
down the creek. Tie and the captain encoun- 
tered a small squad of warriors on Brushy creek, 
had an engagement at close range with them 
for some minutes, but each side found an oppor- 
tunity to escape and withdrew without 
casualties so far as known. 

In the early time Mr. Jackson was in the 
saddle, on the cow trail, a great deal. His fa- 
ther was in the stock business and the open 
range made large pastures and enabled stock to 
wander off. This necessitated an occasional 
rounding-up and bunching-up and the job fell 
to the lo1 of Andrew. When he was ready to 
settle down, .Mr. Jackson took possession of 
one-half of the old homestead which his father 
left to him. and he began his career as a house- 
holder in the early seventies, having no thought 



of any vocation but that offered by the farm. In 
the matter of grain-raising he became an expert 
and if there was any corn raised at all on Den- 
ton creek it could be found in his crib ; others 
might totally fail, but he never did. The best 
evidence of an intelligent and successful farmer 
is found in his corn crib. If it is never empty 
we can count him a money maker, otherwise 
he is probably but an apology for a farmer. Mr. 
Jackson is decidedly a leader in his vocation. 
His seven hundred and forty-two acres consti- 
tute one of the fine farms of the valley and its 
acquirement represents the success Kis and his 
sons' efforts at farming have met. 

Mr. Jackson was married in 1872 to Miss 
Mary Ellen McDonald, a daughter of Cash Mc- 
Donald, who came into Denton creek valley 
in 1857 from Lawrence county, Missouri, where 
Mrs. Jackson was born in 1856. Three 
sons have been the result of this mar- 
riage, viz: Samuel, a leading young farmer 
and ginncr on Denton creek, who married 
Minnie Holbrook ; James, who is still connected 
with the family homestead and is married to 
Maggie Richardson ; and Isharri, deceased, June 
28, 1905, whose wife was Lee McDaniel, was 
associated with the farm and was interested 
with his brother in the gin. Mazie, a daughter, 
must be included in the list. She is the wife 
of J. R Holbrook, of Sunset, and Miss Florence, 
the youngest child, is yet with the family circle. 

Andrew Jackson's reputation as a citizen 
meets universal approval. He has found com- 
fort and satisfaction always in doing right and 
his circle of friends is limited only by the ex- 
tent of his acquaintance. Like his father, he 
believes in the efficacy of the Christian religion, 
but while the father was a Methodist he him- 
self is a Baptist of the Missionary school. What 
more need be added when it is said that he was 
among' the first here ; that he helped conquer 
the country; that his life has been a success; 
thai he and his wife have reared an honored 
family and that in the approaching evening of 
life he maintains the good will and confidence 
of his fellow men? 

BENJAMIN F. ERWIN, one of the prom- 
inent farmers of Montague county, Texas, 
was born in Pike county, Mississippi, March 
14, 1854, son of John J. and Aly (Thornhill) 
Erwin, both natives of that state; and grandson 
of James Erwdn. 

James Erwin was a pioneer settler of Mississip- 
pi, where he spent most of his life as a prosperous 
planter. When well along in years he went to 
Louisiana, where his death occurred. He was 




BENJAMIN F. ERWIN AND FAMILY 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



H7 



Vhe father ©if six children, namely : Lucena, John 
J., Thomas A., Abner, James C. and Frank. 

Jobft J. Erwin grew up on his father's planta- 
tion m Mississippi, married and settled on a farm 
of his own, and was prosperous and happy when 
the Civil War broke out. He entered the Con- 
federate service at the opening of hostilities and 
was all through the war, in the Army of the Ten- 
nessee, taking part in many a fight and proving 
himself a valiant soldier. On one occasion he 
was taken prisoner, but was soon exchanged. 
Returning to his home after the war was over, he 
resumed farming on his land in Mississippi and 
remained there until 1885, when he sold out and 
moved to Texas. He bought a farm in Houston 
county, where he settled and where he passed the 
closing years of his life and died, his death oc- 
curring in 1892. He was successful in replen- 
ishing his depleted fortune after the war and at 
the time of his death had a competency. His 
life was that of the quiet, unpretentious farmer, 
with no aspiration for political preferment, and 
with a character above reproach. Both he and 
his first wife were devoted and worthy members 
of the Baptist church. She died in Mississippi 
in 1880. Her people, the Thornhills, were early 
settlers of South Carolina, from whence they 
moved to Mississippi, where they were promi- 
nent and highly respected farmers. She was the 
mother of five children, namely: Benjamin F., 
whose name introduces this sketch ; Warren T., 
who died at the age of twenty-one years ; James 
B. and George H., at the home farm in Houston 
county, and Mary E., wife of John Chairs. After 
the death of his first wife, John J. Erwin married 
Mrs. Emily Alford. There were no children 
by this union. After she was left a widow she 
married again and is now a resident of Louisiana. 

Benjamin F. Erwin, the direct subject of this 
review, was reared on his father's farm in Missis- 
sippi. Although young at the time, he remem- 
bers well the afflictions brought on the country 
by the war of the rebellion, also many advantages 
denied him in the way of schooling and other- 
wise. He being the oldest child, had to go to the 
front on the farm and take the lead in looking 
after affairs while his father was in the army. 
He remained under the parental roof until he was 
grown and married, in 1878, when he settled on 
a rented farm. Later he owned land in Missis- 
sippi, which he sold in 1885 and moved with his 
father and family to Texas. When the families 
were preparing to ieave their native state, an old 
friend and neighbor and member of the state leg- 
islature, prepared a letter of credit, over his own 
official signature, recommending Mr. Erwin to 
whom it might concern, etc. Although Mr. Er- 



win never had occasion to use this letter, he still 
treasures it among his keepsakes. On their ar- 
rival in Texas they all settled in Houston coun- 
ty. Benjamin F. bought land there and on it 
was successfully engaged in farming for six 
years, when he sold out and moved to south- 
western Texas, locating on land which he bought 
in Live Oak county, remaining two years with 
only fairly good success in his farming opera- 
tions. Then he drifted to the plains. In Crosby 
county he homesteaded land, but on account of 
the unfavorable seasons he had a failure of 
crops and remained there only two years, coming 
thence to Montague county in 1895, landing" 
here with small assets. For four years he rented 
land, then he bought a small farm, poorly irn.= 
proved and with but little of it under cultivation. 
By subsequent additional purchase he has in- 
creased his farm to two hundred and seventy- 
two acres, all fine valley land, and as the result 
of his well directed efforts the whole of it is 
under a high state of cultivation, and his build- 
ings, including a commodious residence and two 
good tenant houses, are among the best in the 
locality. From his home, located on an elevated 
site, one has a fine view of the whole farm and 
Red river and can see over into Indian Terri- 
tory. 

In Mississippi Mr. Erwin married Miss Lar- 
issa Smith, who was born in Pike county, that 
state, in 1859, daughter of Dr. Nual Smith and 
his wife Milessa, both natives of Mississippi. 
Dr. Smith had a large plantation and numerous 
slaves and was extensively engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits previous to the war. During the 
war he practiced his profession. The close of 
the war brought a change in his affairs, and he 
sold out and moved to Texas. He located in 
Houston county, where he bought land, settled 
down to the practice of his profession and became 
a prominent factor in the locality in which he 
lived. There he remained until death claimed 
him, in 1886 ; his wife survived him only a short 
time, both dying at the homestead. They were 
consistent members of the Baptist church and he 
was fraternally a Mason. Of their family of 
six children, we record that Florence is a resident 
of Mississippi ; Larissa, now Mrs. Erwin ; Kirby 
and Clara are in Houston county ; Pedro is in 
Mississippi ; and Bridget lives in San Antonio. 

Mr. and Mrs. Erwin are the parents of seven 
children, whose names and dates of birth are as 
follows: Ira H., born January 10, 1879; Myra 
M., February 3, 1882; Nola I., October 8, 1883; 
Hosa I., October 30, 1886; Elmar J., April 11, 
1894; Nellie S., December 23, 1896; and Nual 
C, September 13, 1898. 



n8 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Mrs. Erwin is a member of the Methodist 
church, but Mr. Erwin still holds to the faith in 
which he was reared, that of the Baptist church. 
He has served as school trustee four years and 
has filled some minor offices. 

JAMES GRANVILLE MULLENS. The 
possibilities for a man of business genius 
in the mercantile field are beyond computation 
and every day furnishes striking examples of 
those who have started even below the bottom 
rung of the ladder and crept slowly toward its 
top until its very pinacle has been reached or 
a personal ambition has been gratified. As an 
example of a life of success in domestic com- 
merce under circumstances trying and difficul- 
ties discouraging, we cite that of J. Granville 
Mullens, of Antelope, the subject of this per- 
sonal article. Depressed and discouraged by 
the recent loss of his property resources, and 
hampered with a lack of funds to resume the 
business with which he had once made head- 
way, we find him deciding to enter merchandis- 
ing and establishing himself in a country vil- 
lage with no capital but his credit and the in- 
dustry which nature gave him at birth. 

As a favorable augury of success Mr. Mul- 
lens' dominant elements of character were such 
as to attract trade and to inspire the public 
with confidence in his integrity, and it is not 
surprising that his star of destiny should start 
upward and continue to rise until the self-clos- 
ing of his business career. When he had fair- 
ly started and his store was a popular mart of 
trade his brothers Frank and Robert joined 
their capital to his and J. G. Mullens and Com- 
pany existed as a firm for one year. The style 
of the firm remained J. G. Mullens and Com- 
pany for fifteen years, when J. G. Mullens again 
assumed control and terminated his business 
career, in 1904, with the sale of his stock. 

As the store yielded him profits not required 
for the proper conduct of its affairs Mr. Mullens 
entered again the cattle business, in which 
misfortune had overtaken him just prior to his 
becoming a merchant, and he laid the founda- 
tion for an industry which eventually won 
him from the store and is the reserve force 
ind mainstay of his family today. His thou- 
..iinl acres of land, stocked, as it is, came to him 
out of the aggregate profits of a business whose 
percentages entered his cash box over the coun- 
ter. 

Wayne county, Kentucky, gave J. G. Mul- 
lens birth March G, 1851. William Mullens, 
his father, was sixteen years sheriff of that 
county and filled some other offices besides. 



and was born there December 6, 1811. The 
latter's father was one of the first settlers of 
that county and opened a farm upon which 
he reared his family. He migrated from Vir- 
ginia and settled within a mile of Monticello 
when the Indians still occupied the woods of 
Kentucky. His first son was Charles Mullens, 
a Mexican war soldier and also a San Jacinto 
veteran who settled in Fayette county, Texas, 
and passed his last years there. There was also 
a son, Edward, who went to Alabama, and then 
William, who died at Antelope, June 17, 1895. 
There were daughters, Peggie, who married 
Cannon Worsham, and Nancy, who married 
a Williams. 

W'illiam Mullens married Frances E. Allen, 
who was born in Casey county, Kentucky, 
November 13, 1825, and died in Antelope, 
Texas, October 10, 1901. They came to Texas 
in 1888 and were the parents of Mary E., wife 
of John Southwood, of Wayne county, Ken- 
tucky; Frances A., of Tahlequah, Indian Terri- 
tory, wife of Shelby T. Stokes; James G., our 
subject; William G., of Frederick, Oklahoma; 
Dollie, wife of G. H. Fields, of Antelope ; 
Laura, who married E. S. Roberts, of Fred- 
erick, Oklahoma; B. F. C, of Antelope; Emma, 
wife of Willis Wilkinson, of Grooms, Texas ; 
Ermine I., who died single ; and Robert, of 
W r ayne county, Kentucky. 

James Granville Mullens learned farming on 
his father's homestead in his native state and ob- 
tained a fair education in the common schools. 
When he took up the responsibilities of life 
alone it was as a teacher in the public schools. 
Terminating this work he came to Texas and 
took up farming in Collin county, made some 
progress, acquired a small bunch of cattle and 
brought them to Antelope in 1884 and soon 
lost them by death. Thus reduced to the point 
of taking up manual labor he conceived the idea 
of adopting merchandising and opened a store 
under the circumstances and conditions al- 
ready noted. 

November 1, 1877, Mr. Mullens married, in 
Collin county. Laura J. Noble, a daughter of 
John S. Noble from Wayne county, Kentucky. 
Mr. Noble married Lucy T. Willock, was the 
father of twelve children, and died in Pilot 
Point, Texas, while his widow is passing her 
last years in Leonard, Texas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mullen's first child, William 
N., died at past eight years of age, and their 
second and third, Mary and Taylor Francis, 
still survive. 

In the organization of the Jacksboro Nation- 
al Bank Mr. Mullens subscribed to the stock of 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



119 



the institution and is one of its board of direc- 
tors. He has no special interest in county poli- 
tics but votes with the dominant political party, 
and is a steward and trustee of the Antelope 
Methodist church. 

CHARLES W. BEAN is junior member 
of the real estate firm of Anderson and Bean, 
the most progressive and wide-awake business 
men of Wichita Falls. They have the largest 
volume and value of business of any real estate 
firm in Wichita county, and are gaining a great 
success individually and also doing a great 
work in developing and bringing before the 
people the resources of the county. They un- 
derstand fully the virtue of a good advertise- 
ment, and their circulars and pamphlets de- 
scriptive of the charms and worth of this coun- 
try as a place for settlers find their way all over 
the states, and have resulted in bringing in 
many estimable and industrious citizens and 
home-builders. They have used their capital 
liberally in this advertising of the agricultural 
possibilities of Wichita county, especially the 
irrigated lands. Mr. Bean is one of the fore- 
most citizens of Wichita Falls, takes an active 
part in public affairs, and is a level-headed and 
public-spirited business man. 

Mr. Bean was born at Jackson, Michigan, 
in 1866, being a son of O. W. and Jennie (But- 
ler) Bean. His father was born in western 
New York, but at the age of three years went 
with his parents to Jackson county, Michigan, 
which was then a wilderness. His youngest 
brother, in fact, was the first white child born 
in Jackson county. After attaining to manhood 
he became a manufacturer in Jackson, and lived 
there until the spring of 1884, when he brought 
his family to the new town of Wichita Falls, 
Texas, where he engaged in the mercantile 
business, and where he lived till his death. His 
wife, who was born at Niagara Falls, New 
York, now lives at Wichita Falls. 

Mr. C. W.. Bean was reared and received his 
education at Jackson and Tecumseh, Michigan. 
He became acquainted with the details of the 
mercantile business while still a boy, and was 
in the mercantile business until 1894 with the 
exception of four years spent as assistant in the 
county tax collector's office. In 1894 he and 
Mr. A. D. Anderson became partners in the 
real estate business, which has been carried on 
with such excellent results to the present time. 

In January, 1900, Mr. Bean was elected the 
first mayor of Wichita Falls following the adop- 
tion of the new incorporation charter, which 
went into effect at the same time. In April 



of the same year he was elected at the regular 
spring election to the mayoralty, and by suc- 
cessive re-elections served in 1901, 1902 and 
1903, his last term expiring in April, 1904, at 
which time he was compelled to relinquish 
official cares because of the press of his private 
business. 

Since coming to Texas Mr. Bean has mar- 
ried. Mrs. Bean was in her maidenhood Miss 
Maud Chilton, and she is one of the popular 
ladies of Wichita Falls. They have three chil- 
dren : Jennie, Kenneth and Ethel. 

JAMES W. SHIRLEY, a stock farmer and 
real estate owner of North Fort Worth, was 
born in Abbeville county, South Carolina, while 
his parents, Maston and Rachel (Mc Adams) 
Shirley, were natives of Virginia. They re- 
moved from South Carolina to Pontotoc coun- 
ty, Mississippi, in 1854, and the parents both 
died in that state. 

James W. Shirley, however, was reared upon 
a farm in Mississippi and after attaining his 
majority was engaged in farming pursuits 
there. He first came to Texas in 1876 upon a 
prospecting tour, and in 1880 he removed to 
Fort Worth, where for two years he was em- 
ployed in a grocery store. He afterward en- 
gaged in the grocery business for himself at 
Roanoke, Denton county, for three years and in 
1885 again came to Tarrant county and bought 
a farm of about one hundred acres where North 
Fort Worth now stands. At that time, how- 
ever, the surrounding country was so sparsely 
settled that there were not enough children to 
form a school district. 

Mr. Shirley has lived upon his original place 
continuously since, although since that time 
he has divided his farm into city lots, com- 
prising Shirley's Addition to North Fort 
Worth. He has sold many of these lots but still 
retains some and the growth of the city, con- 
sequent upon the opening of the new stock 
yards and packing houses, has greatly en- 
hanced the value of his property. He also owns 
a fine stock farm of five hundred and twelve 
acres near Benbrook in Tarrant county on the 
Clear Fork, where he carries on a general stock 
farming business, being very successful in this 
undertaking. For several years after locating 
on his original place at North Fort Worth he 
conducted a dairy farm. His business interests 
have been well directed by sound judgment 
and keen discernment and these qualities in 
connection with his executive ability have 
gained for him a gratifying measure of pros- 
perity. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Mr. Shirley was married to Miss Belle Dar- 
ter, a sister of W. A. Darter, of Fort Worth, 
and a daughter of Francis and Mary (Boyd) 
Darter, the father a native of Virginia and the 
mother of Kentucky, where they were married 
and raised a family of nine children. They 
came to Tarrant county in 1859. She is a rep- 
resentative of one of the pioneer families of 
western Texas. Seven children have been born 
of this marriage : Lottie May, Fred, Marietta, 
Jim Bob, Mark, Mittie Belle and Violet. Mr. 
Shirley and most of his family are members of 
the Christian church and he is one of the sub- 
stantial citizens of the country. He has been 
greatly interested in the establishment and suc- 
cess of the public school system of North 
Fort Worth and has seen the schools developed 
from their earliest nucleus to their present 
advanced state, demanding the employment of 
twenty teachers in the different districts of 
the city. Fie has acted as a school trustee of his 
district, and aided in organizing the independent 
district in which his home is situated. Fie is 
pre-eminently public spirited and his co-opera- 
tion has been of marked benefit in the promo- 
tion of public measures of progress here. 

JAMES ANDREW GRAHAM. It is our 
privilege to present as the subject of this brief 
mention a representative of one of the pioneer 
Texas families whose ancestry played a pa- 
triot's part in winning the independence of the 
Lone Star republic and whose efforts in civil 
life have been directed chiefly along industrial 
and commercial lines. His antecedents were 
of the blood of Irish patriots and it was to the 
liking of the honored founder of this family to 
take up arms against a tyrant monarch and 
to help set up on a portion of his dominions a 
government of liberty, freedom and absolute in- 
dependence. 

Andrew Graham, the patriot founder of this 
family and the grandfather of our subject, was 
the oldest son of James Graham, a Scotchman 
with large estates near Dublin, Ireland, where 
he was stationed as commanding officer of a 
British garrison. His birth occurred in 1798 
and in 1812 he came to the United States. He 
eventually established himself in Tennessee, 
Loudon county, where his son C. J. E., the 
father of our subject, was born in the year 1829. 
About L833 he brought his family into the 
Texas province of the republic of Mexico and 
settled in Fayette county, where he passed 
Iiis remaining years as a farmer and where his 
death occurred in 1S67. For his wife he mar- 
ried Miss Sibbie Skinner, a sister of Hon. Sam- 



uel Skinner, prominent in Arkansas affairs for 
many years. Of their issue Colonel J. E. was 
the oldest; Margaret became the wife of James 
Ross and died in Fayette county ; Dorcas mar- 
ried Theodore Howell, and died in Fay- 
ette county ; Lue, who first married George Slack 
and then a Mr. Anderson, who left a child at her 
death in Fayette county, and Andrew K., of Bas- 
trop county, Texas. 

C. J. E. Graham came to man's estate on his 
father's farm in Fayette county and became 
in early life a farmer himself. During the war 
of the rebellion his company was stationed 
along the Texas coast where guard duty consti- 
tuted the chief feature of his service. In 1879 
he located his family at Tehuacana, in Lime- 
stone county, to give his children the advan- 
tages of a college education. As a means of 
support during the years of his residence there 
he engaged in mercantile pursuits until his 
death, passing away in 1895. He was a Demo- 
crat, a Mason and a member of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian church. In Fayette county he 
married Miss Marian W. Burleson, a daughter 
of Joseph and Allie (Seaton) Burleson. Joe, 
Aaron and Jonathan Burleson were brothers 
who identified themselves with Texas in an 
early day and were cousins of General Edward 
Burleson of Texas revolutionary fame. Mrs. 
Marian W. Graham died in Bastrop county, 
whither the family had migrated from Fayette, 
in 1878. She was the mother of Eskridge N., 
who died at Gainsville in 1903 ; Sibbie A., wife 
of Frank Smith, of Tehucana ; James A., of this 
article; Anne M., who died at sixteen years; 
Susan M., wife of Rev. J. E. Aubrey, of Sterling, 
Colorado; Sarah J., now Mrs. P. N. Davenport, 
of Shreveport, Louisiana ; Martha W., who mar- 
ried J. H. McCollum, of Bastrop county; and 
Murray T., wife of J. D. Roberts, of Beaumont, 
Texas. 

James A. Graham was born near Fayette- 
ville, in Fayette county, Texas, February 18, 
1862. His boyhood was passed on the farm in 
Fayette and Bastrop counties. The country 
schools and Tehuacana College furnished him 
the ground-work of a liberal education and 
he prepared himself for his life work in the law 
department of the State University, where he 
graduated with the class of 1886-7. I" the autumn 
of 1887 he located in Burnett, Texas, where 
his first case in court which he won was on the 
defense of a person charged with crime and 
tried before the justice court of Burnett. In 1890 
he was elected county judge of Burnett county 
and in the fall of 1892 was elected to represent 
that county in the state legislature. He rep- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



resented the Fifty-third district, which also in- 
cluded Lampasas county. The legislature of 
that session was occupied chiefly with the pas- 
sage of the stock and bond laws, advocated so 
prominently by the Hogg faction of the Dem- 
ocracy of that time, and Mr. Graham gave them 
his support. He submitted a resolution calling 
for an amendment to the constitution providing 
for a reduction in the representation to the 
legislature and substituting a legislative salary 
instead of a per diem, as at present. Among the 
committees on which he served were those of 
Finance and Judiciary No. 2, and when the 
legislative session closed he resigned his office 
and moved to Fort Worth. In the latter place 
he was a member of the firm of Graham and 
Altman for two years, but again changed his 
location, and in August, 1895, he cast his for- 
tunes with Bowie. 

In recent years Mr. Graham's law practice 
has trended toward corporation business, in 
which department of law he has shown splendid 
capabilities. He represents the Katy, Rock Isl- 
and and Fort Worth, and Denver Railroads as 
their attorney, and aided in the management 
of the Rock Island's interests in the renowned 
Rosa Langston damage suit, in which the first 
trial resulted in a judgment for the plaintiff for 
$25,000.00. Before the case was finally con- 
cluded in the courts it was settled by a com- 
promise, costing the road in the neighborhood 
of $9,000. Mr. Graham does the court work 
of the Bowie banks and has been connected with 
much of the strongly contested litigation of 
Montague county. As a pastime and to gratify 
a personal inclination he is growing into the 
blooded horse and pure-bred hog business. His 
favorite strain of horses is the Wilkes and he 
is encouraging the introduction of this speedy 
strain into the best stables of the community, 
having a promising young roadster in training 
on the Bowie track himself. His little nucleus 
in the line of swine embraces the Poland Chinas, 
of which there are none finer or purer bred in 
Texas. 

September 3, 1888, Mr. Graham was married 
in Burnett county, to Bernice Alice, a daughter 
of Frank Thomas,, a Burnett merchant and a 
Kentucky settler in Texas since 1856. Mrs. 
Thomas was Elvira Roundtree, whose family 
is one of the well known of South Texas. Mr. 
and Mrs. Graham's children are : Catherine, 
Marian, James S., Bernice and Frank Thomas. 
Mr. Graham is an active Democrat and a Royal 
Arch Mason. 



GEORGE HILL MULKEY, vice presi- 
dent of the Traders' National Bank, is a repre- 
sentative of a prominent old family of this state 
and a son of Rev. William and Annis (Pinker- 
ton) Mulkey. The father was born in Georgia 
in 1796, there being but one generation between 
George H. Mulkey and the time of George 
Washington. Rev. William Mulkey was one of 
the most noted characters in the pioneer history 
of the southwest, and as a minister and mission- 
ary of the Methodist Episcopal church, South, 
was an extensive traveler, and was a soldier in 
the war of 1812. In his early life as a young 
minister he lived in many of the principal cities 
of the United States, including Washington, 
Baltimore, Annapolis, Boston and Nashville, 
and was living in Tennessee at the time the 
government removed the Cherokee and Choc- 
taw Indians from Georgia and Alabama to the 
Indian Territory, this being in the early '30's. 
Rev. Mulkey had for some time been interested 
in the education and enlightenment of the In- 
dians, and on the occasion of their removal re- 
ceived a commission from the church, approved 
by the Federal authorities, to accompany them 
as a missionary and teacher. He remained in 
that work for several years, making his home 
during the time in Sevier county, Arkansas, 
on the border of Indian Territory, for the pro- 
tection of the state in case of possible hostilities 
on the part of the red men. In April, 1861, he 
removed with his family from Arkansas to 
Tennessee, and then to Texas, locating at Wax- 
ahachie in Ellis county, engaging in ministerial 
and evangelistic work throughout the state. 
One of his sons, Stephen H. Mulkey, had pre- 
ceded him to this state, locating here in 1854, 
and he is now living in Fort Worth. On one of 
his trips from his Arkansas home Rev. Mulkey 
had visited Texas as early as the thirties. In 1870 
he was called upon to lay down life's labors, 
passing away quite suddenly on a train on the 
Texas Central Railroad at Hcarne, Texas, but 
his memory will long remain with those who 
knew him, "because of his life of helpfulness, of 
broad sympathy and his deep interest in and 
labors for the benefit of others. 

Rev. Mulkey was in many ways a remark- 
able character. Beginning life without educa- 
tional advantages whatever, having been taught 
to read by his first wife, he having been twice 
married, he became in later life a man of splen- 
did intellectual attainments, and collaborated 
with Dr. Walker in the authorship of the pho- 
netic system in teaching. He also became the 
author of several books, mainly on orthoepy 
subjects as relating to the English language. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Among other things he wrote and published the 
New Testament in purely phonetical language, 
by which means many unlearned persons be- 
came able to read, he teaching the sounds in- 
stead of the letters. Physically he was a man 
of sublime courage, a typical frontiersman, fond 
of the open life, and his fearlessness was such 
that it Avas often said of him that he "could 
fight a saw-mill and whip it." Notwithstanding 
all this, he was a man of the highest spiritual 
qualities, and his life was entirely devoted to 
the elevation of his fellow men. In his memory 
the Mulkey Memorial church was built in Fort 
Worth in 1891. One of his sons, Rev. Abe 
Mulkey, is also a noted minister and evangelist 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, South. 
Mrs. Mulkey, the wife of this revered pioneer 
minister, was born in Lexington, Kentucky. 

George Hill Mulkey had his nativity in 
Hempstead county, Arkansas, where he was 
born July i, 1847, Dut m April, 1861, came 
with his father to Texas. During his boyhood 
days he had the interesting experience of car- 
rying the mail on the route from Waxahachie 
to Fort Worth for the government contractor, 
George Marchbanks, there being no railroads 
here at that time. In 1864, before reaching the 
age of seventeen, he enlisted in the Confeder- 
ate service for the Civil War, entering Company 
B, Colonel Bates' Regiment, and was on special 
detail duty under Captain G. W. Harris in Texas 
and Louisiana, until the close of hostilities. On 
the expiration of his military career he at- 
tended school at McKenzie College, in Red 
River county, one of the well known educa- 
tional institutions of those days, and there many 
of the now prominent men of Texas received 
their early mental discipline. In 1871 he re- 
moved to Fort Worth, which has ever since 
been his home. His first work here was as pro- 
prietor of a small corn and feed mill, later be- 
coming connected with a planing mill and sub- 
sequently was elected clerk of the district court 
of Tarrant county, but resigned this official po- 
sition to accept a more desirable one in the 
bank of Boaz & Ellis, known as the Texas & 
California Bank, one of the pioneer financial 
institutions of Fort Worth, originally started 
by Captain Loyd. This afterward became 
km >u 11 as the City National Bank. In 1882 Mr. 
Mulke) was one of the promoters of the Trad- 
ers' National Bank, with which he has ever 
since been connected, and is now its vice-presi- 
dent. About 1891 he purchased a paint and 
paper business, which has since been incorpor- 
ated as the Texas Paint and Paper Company, 
of which he was president For many years and of 



which his sons, K. A. and W. W., are now presi- 
dent and treasurer, respectively. This is the 
largest establishment of its kind in Fort Worth, 
conducting a prosperous and successful busi- 
ness. 

Mr. Mulkey's benefactions to church and 
college institutions have been bestowed with a 
spirit of philanthropy that is certainly unusual, 
and for every dollar he has made in business 
he has practically given a dollar to church 
and school, thus going far beyond the usually 
prescribed "tenth." He practically built with 
his own hands the Methodist church in the 
Third ward, and the Mulkey Memorial church, 
built by the Mulkey family principally,was most 
generously favored by him with funds. At the 
present time this church is being rebuilt as a 
much finer and larger structure. He represent- 
ed the Methodist Episcopal Church Society in 
its American Conference and in the General 
Conference, and had the honor of being ap- 
pointed to the Ecumenical Conference held in 
London, England, in 1890, during which time 
he toured the Continent in company with 
his son, Homer T. In all church work he ap- 
peared as a lay representative. He was one of 
the founders and has been the largest individual 
contributor to the Polytechnic College, to which 
he has given over ten thousand dollars, and is 
treasurer of the institution. He served as city 
alderman from the First and Sixth wards, one 
term in the First and two terms in the Sixth. 
He was also largely instrumental in the build- 
ing of the Fort Worth Fire Department, and 
was chief of the Volunteer Fire Department. In 
the general upbuilding of Fort Worth he is a 
public-spirited and enterprising citizen, and in 
all life's relations is found true to the duties 
which the day may bring forth. 

Mr. Mulkey was first married to Miss Minnie 
Graves, now deceased, and they had two sons — 
W. W. and Karl A. Mulkey. His present wife 
was in her maidenhood Miss Frances Ander- 
son, a member of one of the old-time families 
of Fort Worth and a sister of Mrs. W. J. Boaz. 
To this marriage have been born six children, 
namely : Homer T., Young J., Madge, Ethel, 
George F. and Abe, the last named now de- 
ceased. 

J. A. DRYDEN is closely identified with the 
new city of North Fort Worth, where he is well 
known as a successful business man and active 
as a citizen. Mr. Dryden is a native of Jackson 
county, Missouri, where he spent the first four- 
teen years of his life, and then accompanied his 
parents to a farm near Coffeyville, Montgomery 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



123 



county, Kansas, where they still live, the father 
being a successful farmer. Mr. Dryden is a son 
of Marion and Isabel (Archer) Dryden, the for- 
mer of whom was born and reared in Missouri, 
and the mother was born in Tennessee and mar- 
ried in Missouri. 

Reared on a farm, and educated in the country 
schools, Mr. Dryden followed the pursuits of 
farming for some years after he had attained 
his majority and embarked on an independent 
career. Leaving Coffeyville in 1896 he came 
to Fort Worth and engaged in the coal and wood 
business as a member of the firm of Mugg and 
Dryden. This firm conducted the fuel business 
in Fort Worth on a large scale, having several 
yards in different parts of the city, but in May, 
1905, Mr. Dryden withdrew from the partnership 
in order to continue the same line independently 
in North Fort Worth, where he has had his home 
since 1902. To this prosperous young city he now 
confines his business interests, and, with a faith 
in its future fully justified by its present rapid 
growth, owns valuable real estate interests there. 
Public-spirited as a citizen, he has been chosen to 
serve as secretary of the North Fort Worth school 
board, and is promoting the educational welfare 
of his city in proportion to its progress in other 
lines. In 1905 funds were voted for the erection 
of a splendid new central and high school, and its 
completion will give the town one of the best in- 
stitutions of the kind in this portion of the state. 

Mr. Dryden and his wife, who was Miss Grace 
Gilmore, have two children, Allison and Mary 
Belle. Mr. Dryden affiliates with the Masonic 
and several other fraternities, and he and his 
wife are members of the Methodist church. 

OLIVER P. POE, representing business in- 
terests of Denton as an insurance agent, has 
likewise been a co-operate factor in public 
affairs and has rendered signal service to the 
city while acting as mayor and as a member 
Of the city council. He gave tangible support 
to many measures for the general good during 
his connection with the offices and his adminis- 
tration received the loyal support of the great 
majority of citizens, who recognized his worth 
and public-spirited devotion. His life record 
began in Fayette county, Alabama, on the 14th 
of November, 1849, his parents being Thomas 
and Mirium R. (Reynolds) Poe. The father 
was born in Alabama and removed to Saline 
county, Arkansas, in the '50s, spending: his re- 
maining days there, his death occurring in 1861. 
His wife, who was also a native of Alabama, 
continued to live in Saline county until her 
death in 1874. 



Oliver P. Poe was a young lad at the time of 
the removal of the family to Arkansas and 
maintained his residence in Saline county until 
1876, when he came to Texas, settling on a 
farm in Denton county, where he devoted his 
attention to agricultural pursuits for five years. 
On the expiration of that period he took up his 
abode in the city of Denton and gave his at- 
tention to merchandising, while later he em- 
barked in the hotel business. In 1891 he es- 
tablished his fire insurance agency and to the 
building up of a clientage has since given his 
attention. He represents sixteen of the leading 
fire insurance companies of the country and 
does the principal insurance business in Denton 
and the county, this work claiming his entire 
time and attention, save for the public-spirited 
support and active part which which he takes in 
furthering measures for the general welfare. 

For many years Mr. Poe has been prominently 
identified with civic affairs in Denton. He was 
called by his fellow townsmen to the office of 
city alderman, and while a member of the 
council as a stanch advocate of free public 
schools he aided in securing the establishment 
of the Central Public School. In April, 1884, 
he was elected mayor, in which office he re- 
mained for four years. Again he was chosen 
to that position in 1891 to fill out the unexpired 
term of Judge Carroll and at the next regular 
election was once more chosen by popular suf- 
frage, serving until 1894. Then after an inter- 
val of two years he was elected in 1896 and at 
each biennial election was the popular choice 
for the office until 1904, when he declined to 
make the race again. No other incumbent has 
been so long retained at the head of the city 
government as has Mr. Poe, and he gave to the 
city a business like and progressive administra- 
tion, bringing to the city's affairs the same 
promptness, dispatch and accuracy that char- 
acterizes his private business interests. Many 
of the beneficial public improvements that have 
made Denton a beautiful home city were in- 
augurated during his administration, including 
the building of the North Texas State Normal 
School in 1891 at a cost of thirty thousand dol- 
lars. It was also while he was mayor that ten 
acres of land were deeded to the state for the 
present building, which was completed in 1900. 

Mr. Poe was united in marriage to Miss Liz- 
zie Owens, who died on the 9th of April, 1899, 
while only a few months previous their son, 
Richard B. Poe, had passed away, his death 
occurring on the 2nd of January of that year. 
There are now three living children : Ross E., 
Eva C. and Oliver P. Poe. Mr. Poe is a valued 



I2 4 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



member of several fraternal organizations, be- 
ing a Knight Templar, a Knight of Pythias, an 
Elk and an Odd Fellow. .He is thoroughly in 
sympathy with the benevolent spirit which con- 
stitutes the basic element of all these organiza- 
tions and he is likewise a faithful member of 
the Baptist church, 

UR. L. LEE DYE, the well known and suc- 
cessful physician and druggist at Plainview, 
Hale county, where he has been established al- 
most throughout the history of the town, was 
born in Russell county, Virginia, in 1854. His 
career has been wrought out along practical 
lines of endeavor, and he has gained success by 
industrious application of his energies and tal- 
ents to whatever undertaking he has had in 
hand. Fie possesses the entire confidence of the 
people of Flale county, both in his professional 
and business capacity, and is widely and favor- 
ably known and esteemed throughout his section 
of the plains country of Texas. 

Dr. Dye was a son of William and Nancy 
(Smith) Dye, his father a native of North 
Carolina, and his mother, who is now deceased, 
a native of Virginia. His father has lived in the 
Old Dominion state from the time of his early 
boyhood, and is now in the declining years of a 
long and useful career. He has been a suc- 
cessful farmer and stockman in Russell county, 
and still resides on the old homestead there, 
although retired from active pursuits. 

Dr. Dye received his primary education in 
the schools of Russell county, and is an alum- 
nus of the State College of Virginia at Blacks- 
burg, from which institution he was graduated 
in 187*;. In the meantime he had been studying 
medicine under private preceptors, and after 
passing the examinations entitling him to a cer- 
tificate he engaged in practice in his native 
county for about two years. Then for two years 
he practiced at Falls Branch, Tennessee, in 
which state he also obtained a certificate. Fie 
then took the regular course in the medical 
department of the University of Tennessee at 
Nashville, from which he was graduated in 
February, 1891. In the fall of the same year 
lie came to his present home at Plainview, and 
has lived here and enjoyed an extensive and 
profitable practice ever since. In this plains 
country medical practice often takes a doctor 
on long journeys, and the practice of the pro- 
fession is indeed arduous, but the conscientious 
physician is thereby the more of a public bene- 
factor and an influence for good in the world. 
On coming to Plainview Dr. Dye bought a 
drug store, and this he. with his son, still con- 



ducts, the firm being Dr. L. Lee Dye & Son. 
Their business is very large and prosperous, 
and they maintain a branch establishment at 
Hale Center. Dr. Dye has a very pretty home 
in Plainview, with a nice garden and abundance 
of shade and fruit trees, and he also owns a. 
ranch in the county, where he raises some fine 
cattle and horses. 

Dr. Dye is a member of the Hale-Swisher- 
Lubbock-Floyd Counties Medical Association,. 
and also of the Texas State Medical Society; 
member of the American Medical Association ; 
president of the Board of Health of Hale 
county, Texas. He is also one of the directors 
of the First National Bank of Plainview. He 
is a member of the Methodist church, and has 
fraternal affiliations with the Knights of Pyth- 
ias, the Masons and the Eastern Star. He was 
married at Falls Branch, Tennessee, to Miss 
Mary Vincen, and they have two children, 
Everett Lee and Belle. 

Dr. Everett Lee Dye, Ph. O, M. D., graduate 
of the Llano Estacado Institute, Plainview,. 
Texas ; graduate of St. Louis College of Phar- 
macy, class of 1900; graduate of Fort Worth 
Medical College, class of 1904; member of 
Board of Pharmacy sixty-fourth judicial dis- 
trict of Texas ; member of Flale-Swisher-Lub- 
bock-Floyd Counties Medical Society ; also 
member American Medical Association ; is now 
associated with Dr. Barnes, of Tulia, in the 
drug business and in the active practice of 
medicine and surgery. He was recently mar- 
ried to Miss Minnie Donohoo, of Canyon City, 
the youngest daughter of Mr. J. N. Donohoo.. 
They now live at Tulia, Texas. 

Belle, the only daughter of L. Lee Dye, is 
a graduate of Llano Estacado Institute, Plain- 
view, Texas, attended school at Nashville, Ten- 
nessee, and Kidd-Key College, Sherman, Texas. 
She married Mr. Robert Tudor, in Plainview, 
Texas, and they now have a baby girl, Roberta 
Lee, and live at Plainview. 

NELSON KECK, a pioneer settler on Farm- 
er's Creek and a prominent farmer of Mon- 
tague count)', Texas, is a native of the "Hoosier 
State." 

Mr. Keck was born in Davis county, Indiana, 
December 16, 1842 ; son of Philip and Orpha 
(Cooch) Keck, the former a native of Ten- 
nessee, the latter of Indiana. Philip Keck was a 
son of a Tennessee farmer. When a youth of 
eighteen he went north to Indiana, where he 
subsequently married and settled on a farm, 
and where he carried on agricultural pursuits 
for many years. During the days of "general 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



25 



muster" he was captain of a company. Later in 
life he rented his farm and engaged in mer- 
chandising at Teck Church, and was thus oc- 
cupied up to the time of his death. Politically 
he was first a Whig and afterward a Republi- 
can. While he filled several local positions 
such as township trust.ee, etc., he never aspired 
to public or official life. He was a consistent 
member of the Christian church, as also was his 
wife and both were highly esteemed by all 
who knew them. Some years after his death 
she became the wife of A. Storms, a farmer. 
She died in 1895. The children of her first mar- 
riage are : Alford of Kansas, John and Christian 
of Oklahoma, Nelson, Wilson of Oklahoma, 
and Amanda:; Mary A. and Lurinda. By her 
second marriage there are two children : Alice 
and Laura. 

Nelson Keck was reared to honest toil on the 
farm and had only limited educational advan- 
tages. In August, 1862, he enlisted in Company 
C, Ninety-first Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 
under Colonel John Marion, and was assigned 
to the Army of the Cumberland for three years, 
or during the war, and he remained in the ser- 
vice until the war was over. While he was a 
participant in many hotly contested fights and 
endured many hardships incident to army life, 
he was never wounded or captured. At the 
time of General Lee's surrender Mr. Keck was 
at Raleigh, North Carolina, and Tuly 3, 1865, he 
received an honorable discharge at Indianapo- 
lis, after which he returned home. In 1867 he 
married and settled on a farm. In 1870 he made 
a prospecting trip to some of the western 
country and to Northern Texas, and so well 
pleased was he with the latter place that the 
following year he returned and has since made 
it his home. He settled on school land, in true 
pioneer style began the making of a farm, and 
here he has since lived and labored, today 
being in the enjoyment of a competency as the 
result of his years of toil. When the land was 
placed on the market in 1886 he bought four 
hundred and forty acres, chiefly timber land. 
For some time after his settlement here the 
Indians were hostile, making frequent raids 
through the country, stealing stock, but they 
never molested his property. As the Indians 
stole the horses, the early settlers were com- 
pelled to do their farming with ox teams and 
some of their mills were run by oxen. Mr. 
Keck had his milling done at Marysville, 
twenty-five miles away, and Sherman and Deni- 
son, seventy miles distant, were his market 
places. There was a variety and abundance 
of game here then, including deer and turkeys, 



and the frontier life had its pleasures as well 
as its hardships. While his farming is now 
diversified, Mr. Keck makes a specialty of 
corn and cotton, and at present is experiment- 
ing with alfalfa. 

Both Mr. Keck and his wife are worthy mem- 
bers of the Christian church. Politically he is 
a Republican. 

Mr. Keck married, in 1867, Miss Catherine 
Woodruff, a native of Davis county, Indiana, 
born June 30, 1846, daughter of John and Anna 
(Holt) Woodruff. The Woodruff family went 
from North Carolina to Indiana at an early day 
and were among the pioneers of Davis county. 
John Woodruff, a prominent and highly re- 
spected farmer of Davis county, is still living, 
having reached a ripe old age. His children are : 
Mrs. Susan Mathews, Mrs. Catherine Keck, 
Sarah J., Mrs. Candiss Herrington and Hester. 
Mr. and Mrs. Keck have ten children, namely: 
Newton, the eldest, a native of Indiana, the 
others having been born in Texas ; Lilburn and 
Oloway, farmers in Texas ; Elbert, of Okla- 
homa; John W., of Indian Territory; Viola, 
wife of C. Hanson ; Mrs. Pearly Kemp ; Bessie 
and Keely, at home; and Armetta, who died in 
August, 1904, at the age of eleven years. 

JAMES P. WILLIAMS. The narration, in 
brief, of the career of the gentleman whose 
name introduces this review, reveals him to 
have been, during his connection with Texas, a 
modest force in her internal development and 
sincere and loyal in his devotion to her welfare. 
While Clay county has known him as a resident 
only since 1901 the state has claimed him for 
more than a third of a century, for he was just 
beyond the age limit when he settled in Denton 
county in 1873. 

February 10, 1849, James P. Williams was 
born in Johnson countv, Missouri, and his boy- 
hood and youth were passed ten miles north- 
west of Holden, the county seat of his county. 
His father was Jesse Williams who settled in 
that county among the early ones and who, as 
a carpenter, was connected prominently with 
the actual building improvement of the county. 
He entered and improved his farm where he 
passed the remainder of his life and died August 
r 3» : 897- The latter's birthplace was Grayson 
county, Virginia, and his natal year 181 1. Fie 
accumulated some property and was considered 
a successful man. His wife whom he married 
in Missouri was Anne, a daughter of Ebenezer 
and Ruth Lundy, and she still lives at the old 
homestead at the age of eighty-seven. 



126 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



There were nine children in the family of 
which J. P. Williams is a member, as follows: 
Susan, who died in Johnson county, married 
William C. Martin; James P.; Joshua M., at 
the old Missouri home; Martha, wife of George 
Wakeman, of La Fayette county, Missouri ; 
Amanda, wife of D. T. Boisseau, of Holden, 
Missouri ; Henry, of Odessa, and Cyrus, his 
twin brother, at the Johnson county home; 
George, of Odessa and Eliza, who passed away 
in childhood. 

James P. Williams came to maturity with 
little more than the rudiments of an education, 
his advantages in this line being confined en- 
tirely to the rural schools. His life as a youth 
had to do exclusively with the farm and when 
he came of age he made no change in his sur- 
roundings. He made two crops in Missouri 
after attaining his majority and then turned his 
footsteps toward the south. 

He joined a few neighbors for the trip to 
Texas, came overland and crossed Red river 
at Colbert's ferry and ended their journey in 
Denton county where Mr. Williams hired to 
a farmer at eighteen dollars a month and board 
and "keep" for his horse. Later on wages 
dropped to fifteen dollars, but he saved money 
anyhow and this he invested in yearlings. His 
employer, J. R. Sullivan, allowed him pasture 
for his little bunch of cattle and when he left 
the latter, after six years, he had some one 
hundred head of cattle. These he sold for two 
thousand eight hundred and fifty dollars and 
the proceeds he re-invested in both stock and 
land in Jack county, and he devoted himself to 
the cattle industry purely and on his own ac- 
count. He prospered in his investment and in 
1899 disposed of his cattle and his land, near 
Antelope, and then purchased and stocked a 
ranch of one thousand and thirtv-nine acres on 
Duck creek in Clay county. He maintains his 
family in Henrietta where educational facilities 
are superb and his farming and his stock claim 
his time as their own. 

November 12, 1890, Mr. Williams married, at 
Antelope, Texas, Ellen, widow of John Carter, 
and daughter of Josiah and Sarah (Wagner) 
Harrell. The Harrells came from Washington 
county, Arkansas, to Texas and their first 
settlement was made in Lamar county. They 
afterward removed to jack county, whexe Mr. 
Harrell died, near Antelope, in 1884, at sixty- 
two years of age. His widow, who was a Mrs. 
Curry, when she married him, yet lives among 
her children near Antelope. Her first child 
was John Curry, of Johnson county, Texas; 
Jane Harrell was her second child and she was 



twice married, first to John Cothran and second 
to Monroe Shipman, and she died in Lamar 
county, Texas, in 1897 ; Albert Harrell resides 
in Jack county ; Joel died in Lamar county, 
leaving a child; William resides in Memphis, 
Texas; Elajah, of Chickasha, Indian Territory; 
Mrs. Williams, born March 17, 1857; and 
Robert Lee, died in Greer county, Oklahoma, 
leaving a family. Mrs. Williams' first family 
consists of children : Nora, wife of Paul Chris- 
tian, of Antelope, Texas, with issue, Pauline 
and Harold; Chloe, married Harry Woodward, 
of Jack county, and has a child, Eva ; Jennie 
and Wallace, the two latter still with their 
mother. Mr. and Mrs. Williams' family are: 
Grace, born March 12, 1893 ; James C, born 
May 16, 1897, and Henry W., born November 
10, 1899. Mr. Williams claims affiliation with 
the Republican party. 

COLONEL ENNIS WARD TAYLOR was 
born at Greenville, Alabama, September 15, 
1839, ar, d in !846 emigrated with his parents, 
Dr. M. B. K. and Sarah Elizabeth (McDaniel) 
Taylor, to Texas, settlement being made at 
Jefferson, in the eastern part of the state, and 
his youth was spent in agricultural pursuits, 
plowing, hoeing and picking cotton. He at- 
tended school three months. Entering the em- 
ploy of J. C. Preston & Company, druggists at 
Jefferson, in January, 1855, he studied the U. 
S. Dispensatory completely and a year and a 
half from that time was placed in charge of a 
new drug store being instituted by Dr. R. W. 
Walker, remaining in his employ about two 
years. He then started in business for himself 
with Dr. H. Witherspoon, under the firm name 
of Taylor and Witherspoon, beginning with a 
cash capital of seven hundred and fifty dollars, 
and the first year in business, i860, young Tay- 
lor earned six thousand dollars, which he invest- 
ed in Confederate property. In 1861 he sold his 
drug business and enlisted in the Army of the 
Confederate States, Company A, Nineteenth 
Texas Infantry, being elected major upon its 
organization, and in a few months succeeded 
Colonel R. H. Graham, resigned, as lieutenant 
colonel of the regiment. After the battle of 
Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas, Colonel Richard 
Waterhouse was made brigadier general, and 
Mr. Taylor was then promoted to the colonelcy 
of the regiment. 

Colonel Taylor's service in the Confederacy 
was in the Trans-Mississippi department, par- 
ticipating in the battles of Milliken's Bend. 
Mansfield, Jenkins' Ferry and many minor en- 
gagements. His regiment was on the memor- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



127 



able retreat from Simsport on the Atchafalaya 
Bayou, and finally, by junction with Green's 
Cavalry which had been marching from Texas, 
Colonel Taylor's regiment joined General Dick 
Taylor's command at Mansfield, where the 
great battle was fought. Bank's army was 
routed, and seven miles of wagons, caissons, 
cannon, hospital stores, baggage wagons and 
all of the necessary outfit of an army became the 
property of the successful Confederate forces 
under General Dick Taylor. After the battle 
at Pleasant Hill, which was fought on the 
day following that of Mansfield, April 9, 1864, 
the regiment with Walker's entire division was 
ordered to Arkansas to meet General Steele, 
and the battle of Jenkins' Ferry was fought 
on the 30th of April, 1864. It may be said that 
this was a drawn battle, as both armies pulled 
off and rested. The day before the Confederates 
entered Camden General Price ordered his regi- 
ment to cross the Ouachita river several miles 
below that city and get in between Camden and 
Pine Bluff to cut off their retreat, Colonel Tay- 
lor being in command of this expedition. Be- 
fore he had gone many miles, however, he was 
overtaken and directed to march his command 
to the town of Camden, it having been learned 
that Steele had evacuated that place the night 
previous. He was detailed by General Kirby 
Smith to take command of the post at Camden, 
upon which he sought General Smith and asked 
to be relieved of that order, stating that he 
came to the front to fight the battles of his 
country, not to command posts, and through 
the earnest solicitation of himself Colonel 
Waterhouse, Brigadier General Scurry and the 
division commander, General Walker, he was 
finally relieved and allowed to go to the front. 
His command was detailed on the morning of 
April 30th to extend the skirmish line south of 
the advancing forces to the Saline river, and in 
fact brought on the battle in that part of the 
field. His command was then ordered back to 
Texas, and when Hempstead, in this state, was 
reached the war had come to a close. He 
marched his regiment across the country, 
keeping out guards and maintaining military 
discipline, disbanding each company as it came 
nearest its home, giving them all their company 
supplies, transportation and everything belong- 
ing to them. Marching on until within four 
miles of Jefferson, his home, the remaining 
part of the regiment camped there that night 
and in the morning marched into town. Here 
Colonel Taylor said to them : 

"The war is now over ; you owe no further 
allegiance to the Confederacy. You have been 



trite and brave soldiers, now take the belong- 
ings of each company and divide them among 
yourselves. Go to your homes and make true 
and devoted citizens, as you have been soldiers 
of your country. Go to the commissary de- 
partment and carry home with you as many 
supplies as you can get away with, there being 
quite a large quantity in that department at 
Jefferson at this time." The boys did go home, 
and have remained faithful to the stars and 
stripes, while today they and their descendants 
are devoted lovers of their country, ever ready 
to fight for their flag as valiantly as did those 
who fought to conquer the south. They with 
others went home in May, 1865, and fortunately 
it was in the spring of the year, for they found 
the fences all gone, houses dilapidated, families 
scattered here and there, but all went to work, 
and in the following fall brought to Jefferson 
eighty thousand bales of cotton, which sold for 
from thirty to fifty cents a pound. Thus their 
dissipated fortunes became greatly recuperated. 
After the close of the war Colonel Taylor 
engaged in the drug business at Jefferson, 
which proved very profitable, enabling him to 
become interested in banks, farms, etc., and 
almost, all enterprises brought money to his 
coffers. He was one of the prime movers in 
the construction and became vice-president of 
the East Line & Red River Railroad, the build- 
ing of which was begun at Jefferson in 1886, the 
late lamented Colonel W. M. Harrison, a true 
and tried friend, being the president of the com- 
pany. They succeeded in building twenty miles 
of track, for which they received from the state 
certificates for three hundred and twenty acres 
of state land. They needed money, however, 
and getting together went to St. Louis and 
procured thirty-two thousand dollars for those 
certificates, which enabled them to construct 
the road on and on until it reached Sulphur 
Springs, covering a distance of eighty miles. It 
was then sold to Jay Gould and became a part 
of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad. In 
four years, on an investment of thirty thousand 
dollars, they received one hundred and fifty- 
three thousand dollars, a rather large amount 
for amateurs in the railroad trade. 

Colonel Taylor's next project was the con- 
struction of a railroad from Seligman, Missouri, 
to Eureka Springs, Arkansas, in which he was 
associated with Colonel Richard C. Kerens, 
Governor Powell Clayton, Morgan Jones, 
Stephen B. Elkins and the late lamented Logan 
H. Roots, of Arkansas. They succeeded in 
building this short road, and then began the 
development of Eureka Springs. The earnings 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



of the road for eighteen months were set aside 
for the benefit of its development, for which 
was organized the Eureka Improvement Com- 
pany, they building the magnificent and palace- 
like Crescent Hotel of Enreka Springs, a "thing 
of beauty and a joy forever." The pure and 
unadulterated waters of these springs Colonel 
Taylor assures us is a panacea for all ills of 
mankind, as it cures all blood diseases, even 
eradicates the cancer, and makes the blood as 
pure as that of an infant. His next enterprise 
was in the construction and maintenance of the 
'Wichita Valley Railroad, extending from 
Wichita Falls, Texas, to Seymour. He was 
vice-president of this company, associated with 
Morgan Jones, General G. M. Dodge and the 
late lamented Walters of Baltimore. The road 
was duly constructed, and is today in a fine con- 
dition, with a good earning capacity. It runs 
through the finest wheat country in the world, 
every acre of which in ordinary seasons will 
double its value in dollars and cents with 
ahnost any kind of a crop planted. He feels 
justly proud of the Wichita Valley Railroad 
and its success. 

Colonel Taylor established his home in Fort 
Worth in [888, and has ever since lived in this 
city, closely identified with all its varied inter- 
ests, df which he has been a generous supporter, 
In ith in money and influence. He retired from 
the banking business in 1891, since which time 
he has lived in retirement, although he is now 
president of the United Benevolent Associa- 
tion, a fraternal order organized at Fort Worth 
and (bartered by the state of Texas on the 7th 
of November, 1895, it having since paid to its 
beneficiaries, the widows and orphans, two 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars. This is an 
assessment order, based on the Fraternal Con- 
gress table of rates. It is self-sustaining, and in 
Ibis institution a man or woman pavs just what 
it costs to carry their insurance, as the associa- 
tion prefers to have the reserve in the pockets 
of its devoted membership. It is on a solid 
basis financially, paying its beneficiaries very 
promptly upon proof of death. He has always 
taken a deep interest in politics, but not as a 
seeker after public preferment. He was elected 
mayor of Jefferson over the celebrated Malloy, 
since which time he has not chosen to become 
acandidatefor any public office. He is a member 
of the Board of Equalization in Fort Worth, 
commander of R. F. Fee Camp, U. C. V., also 
lieutenant colonel on the staff of Major General 
\ an Zandt, state department U. C. V. Fie 
became a church member when twelve years 
of age. and is now identified with the First 



Methodist Episcopal church, South, of Fort 
W^orth. He has passed through all the degrees 
of Masonry to and including the Knight Temp- 
lar, and is a Shriner. 

Colonel Taylor was married at Jefferson, 
Texas, February 1, 1859, to Miss Fannie Fisher, 
and to them have been born three children, but 
the two eldest, a son and daughter, died in then- 
infancy, the only surviving heir being Mrs. 
Fouise Taylor Connery. This daughter was 
educated in Boston at the Peter Sillia Academy 
of Music, and while there became a devoted 
member of Bishop Brooks' Trinity church. It 
was also in that city that she met her husband, 
C. W. Connery, a native of Boston, but now a 
merchant of Fort W^orth. 

WILLIAM A. SHOWN. The executive head 
of the Jacksboro National Bank, mentioned as 
the subject of this article, has within the past 
score of years attained a wide prominence over 
Jack and Wise counties in the grazing industry 
and as a business man and a citizen has won a 
strong hold upon the confidence and affections of 
their citizenship. A gentleman yet little past 
middle life, a creature largely of his own forming 
and the rough hewer and shaper of his own des- 
tiny, the efficiency of his work is apparent in the 
achievement of a safe, conservative, progressive 
and successful man. 

The years 1870, 1882, and 1898 represent the 
advent of Mr. Shown to Parker, Wise and Jack 
counties respectively and in the first he reached 
mature years and began life, in the second he 
achieved his greatest success and in the last he 
has established a stable and permanent citizen- 
ship and formed business and social ties which 
bind him to the municipality for years to come. 
A native of Dallas county, Missouri, he passed 
his boyhood in a sort of migratory movement 
over central Texas, in Burleson, Limestone and 
perhaps other counties, as his father happened to 
pause, finally reaching Parker county and com- 
pleting his youth in the northeast corner of the 
county on the parental estate. While thus ram- 
bling about he picked up some knowledge of 
books, and those elementary principles, with the 
practice of later years in business affairs, ground- 
ed him in the fun'V^r'al principles of an educa- 
tion. 

At twenty years of age he beean the shaping of 
his independent course, in company with a young 
and industrious wife and with the good will of 
his associates. Without means, he contracted 
for land and primitively undertook its cultivation 
and improvement. He was schooled in the cow 
business in boyhood and, with the lapse of time 




WILLIAM A. SHOWN 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



129 



and the slow accumulation of wealth he found 
himself acquiring a hold on the business he felt 
most friendly to and in which his chief success 
has been achieved. When he located in Wise 
county he took a small bunch of cattle with him 
from Parker, bought lands there and carried on 
stock-farming for a few years. He early formed 
a partnership with Stewart Castleberry, another 
young man of integrity and promise, and the two, 
as Shown and Castleberry, have retained a happy 
and prosperous business relation ever since. His 
first brand of "Shon" and his subsequent one 
of "H," have identified the thousands of animals 
which have passed through his hands and his 
two thousand acre pasture in Jack county and the 
Hunt Creek ranch of twenty-four hundred acres 
in Wise speaks pointedly of the substantial suc- 
cess which has accompanied his efforts since 
twenty years ago. 

In the above-named Missouri county William 
A. Shown was born October 27, 1854, and in 
1865, Joseph L. Shown, his father, brought the 
family to Texas and first located in Burleson 
county. The father was born in Johnson county, 
Tennessee, in 1822, and moved out to Missouri. 
He was ever a farmer, and died upon his Parker 
county farm in 1875. He served a year in the 
Confederate army during the rebellion, as a citi- 
zen was quiet and unambitious beyond success 
in his favorite vocation, was a Democrat and of 
the Missionary Baptist faith in religion. John 
Shown, his father, died on the old homestead 
in the state of Tennessee about 1880. His fore- 
fathers were German and among his children 
were sons, Samuel, Peter, Baker and Joseph L. 
The two former passed their lives in Tennessee 
and the two latter died in Parker county, Texas. 

Joseph L. Shown married Barbara Howard, 
who was a daughter of a Tennessee farmer and 
still survives. The children of this union are: 
Susan, wife of John B. Dotson, of Wise county; 
John and James, who were killed in the Confed- 
erate army ; Hulda, who died in Parker county 
as the wife of John Pierce, leaving a family ; 
Nancy, who passed away in Limestone county, 
was the wife of James Parsons and left no issue ; 
Cornelia married J. V. Bounds, of Freestone 
county, Texas; William A., of this notice; and 
Joseph L., of Jack county, with whom the mother 
makes her home. 

February 25, 1875, William A. Shown mar- 
ried Mary M. Ratton, a daughter of Hampton 
Ratton, who came to Texas in the early time. 
January, 1901, Mrs. Shown died, the mother of 
John H., a young stockman of Jacksboro, who 
married Electa Gibson and has a son, Joseph 
P. ; Joseph, who died just a few days before his 



mother, and Doddie Delmah, a young lady at 
home. October 23, 1903, Mr. Shown married 
Mrs. Mary G. Carpenter, widow of J. C. Car- 
penter and a daughter of Dr. Stewart, of Wise 
county. Mrs. Shown has sons, Robert and Jesse, 
of Wise county and a daughter Doddie, wife of 
J. H. Partwood, of the same county. 

Mr. Shown has not permitted his interest in 
civil affairs to lag, notwithstanding his large 
interests in business matters. He is a Democrat 
and the voters of his precinct in Wise county 
elected him a member of the board of county 
commissioners, where he served two years. In 
his new home he was one of the prime movers 
in the organization of the Jacksboro National 
Bank, in 1905, with a capital of $25,000, one-half 
paid up. Its directors are William A." Shown, 
C. O. Hess, E. A. Gwaltney, Ward B. Lowe, 
J. H. Timberlake and Hickman Hensley, of 
Jacksboro ; T. G. Mullens, of Antelope, A. G. Mc- 
Clure, of Cundiff, J. H. Walters, of Gibtown, and 
J. W. Spencer and W. G. Turner, of Fort Worth. 
At the organization of the institution and the 
election of officers William A. Shown was chos- 
en president, a guarantee to its patrons that the 
bank will be safely, wisely and economically man- 
aged. 

W. HENRY ALLEN. In the agricultural 
community of Buffalo Springs, Clay county, 
the subject of this sketch has maintained his 
residence for nearly twelve years and his efforts 
and his presence there have materially strength- 
ened that ancient and historic stronghold. With 
hard work as the groundwork of his latter-day 
prosperity, with faith in the future and with 
an open face to the foe he has met the problems 
of a farmer in Clay county since 1893. 

The first representative of this family of 
Aliens to enter Texas was John Allen, the fa- 
ther of William Henry of this notice. The 
former came hither from the Pacific slope in 
the fifties, whither he had migrated as a "forty- 
niner" and a gold digger following the first 
discoveries at Sutter's Mill. Reviewing his 
career, briefly, we find him born in New Madrid 
county, Missouri, where he came to manhood's 
estate. From there he joined a caravan bound 
for the new Eldorado of the Sierras. As was 
the custom, he crossed the plains and pros- 
pected for the yellow metal a few years, over 
the surface of our new Mexican acquisition, 
with some success, yet without any phenomenal 
results. Tiring of the life of a miner and wish- 
ing to see something of the Orient he shipped 
for China, reached his destination, but returned 



i 3 o 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



without delay and came on from California to 
Texas. 

Arriving in the Lone Star state he secured 
employment in Brazos county as an overseer 
of slaves. Leaving that place he spent some 
time in Denton county and afterward went to 
Crawford county, Arkansas, where he met and 
married his wife. He returned to Texas just 
before the Civil war and settled in Grayson 
county, where our subject, W. Henry Allen, 
was born August 8, i860. Some years afterward 
he moved into Cooke county and along in the 
early seventies he joined Jim Daugherty, his 
cousin, the famous Texas cattle baron, in an 
enterprise promising good results in Colorado. 
They engaged in the ranching business near 
Trinidad and spent two years there, but were 
so harassed by the Indians, losing some stock 
and getting a cowboy scalped, that they aban- 
doned their ranch and came back to the Indian 
Territory and established themselves at Fort 
Sill. Mr. Allen severed his connection with 
the enterprise then and was soon afterward lo- 
cated in the Chickasaw Nation, on Red river, 
farming and cattle raising for about three years. 
In 1876 he returned to Texas and made a trip 
into Haskell county, with his son Henry, after a 
bunch of cattle and on this trip saw the immensity 
of the traffic in buffalo skins and meat. Return- 
ing at once he went down into Johnson county 
and died near Cleburne, January 2, 1877, at forty- 
nine years of age. 

When John Allen settled in Grayson county 
the settlers were widely separated and it was 
indeed a new place. He dropped down near 
where Dexter was afterward located and his was 
the first well dug there. Basin Springs was 
the then best known place of this settlement, 
and at this point and in Cooke, the Indian 
Territory and Young counties were his children 
brought up. He married Caroline Coleman, 
whose father was a German who first settled in 
Ohio, next in Crawford county, Arkansas, 
where he died. Her father was one of the first 
settlers of that Arkansas county and shoe- 
making was his trade. His daughter, Caroline, 
died in Montague county, Texas, in 1892, at the 
age of forty-nine. Their children were: Wil- 
liam Henry, our subject; Mattie, who died in 
Cooke county as Mrs. Kit King; John, of Sug- 
den, Indian Territory; Allie, of Foster, Indian 
Territory, widow of Bud A. Henderson; and 
Aurelia, wife of Felix Fox, of Foster, Indian 
Territory. 

W. H. Allen got little or no training in the 
public or other schools. In the many family 
ramblings which seem to have occurred there 



was little opportunity if there had been school 
in progress within reach. Upon his father's 
death he became the mainstay of his mother 
for a time and it can be said that he began life 
for himself at about this date. He returned to 
Young county after 1880 and was in the employ 
of a Mr. Jones as a cowboy for a year and made 
a trip for Mr. Crawford, of Graham, to Running 
Water, Texas, to bring in a bunch of cattle from 
the plains. Quitting his wage working, he made 
a crop in Young county and then hired to O. 
B. Bachelor at thirty dollars a month for a sea- 
son. In 1886 and a part of the next year he 
drove stage into the Comanche country and the 
latter year kept a stage stand at Elm Springs 
in the Territory. In 1888 he returned to Young 
county and bought a farm on Brushy creek, sold 
it after a year and in 1889 moved into Clay 
county and bought a farm near Vashti. He 
owned this two years and spent the next two 
years on Denton creek. Coming into the vicin- 
ity of Buffalo Springs he purchased a half sec- 
tion of wild land, once a part of the Red River 
Cattle Company's ranch, and at once undertook 
its improvement. A two-room box house pro- 
vided his family with shelter as their pioneer 
shanty and the first winter was spent by the 
lone cook stove. When things assumed a more 
prosperous air improvements of a more sub- 
stantial nature came along and in 1901 his 
new nine-room cottage, occup}dng an eminence 
overlooking his whole farm, was erected. The 
farm was fenced, broken to the extent of one 
hundred and thirty-five acres, and is amply 
stocked and the whole has been made into one 
of the most desirable rural homesteads to be 
found. 

July 8, 1888, Mr. Allen married Mrs. Eliza 
Dishman, widow of Robert H. Dishman and a 
daughter of John Butler. Mr. Butler was a 
Georgian who settled in Louisiana first and 
then came to Texas. He is now a resident 
of Young county, where his wife, nee Lucinda 
Strickland, died in 1890. Their children were: 
Elijah, of Greer county, Oklahoma; Belford, 
who died and left a family at Whitesboro; 
Joseph, of Carnegie, Oklahoma ; Mrs. Allen, 
born in Cleburne parish, Louisiana, Septembor 
17, 1858. By her first husband Mrs. Allen has 
a daughter, Lula Van, and a son, Robert. 

Mr. and Mrs. Allen's children are : Clemmie, 
Lando, Pasco, Raymond, Clara, John, Leroy 
and Zella May. 

ALEXANDER H.CURRIE needs no special 
introduction to the citizens of Tarrant county, 
for he has resided in the vicinity of Smithfield 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



131 



for almost a quarter of a century, locating on his 
present farm in 1882. The qualities of his 
manhood have been such as to commend him 
to the confidence and good will of those with 
whom he has been associated and he ranks 
with the highly esteemed agriculturists, own- 
ing and operating eighty-six acres of land 
which is devoted to general farming. 

His life record began in Alabama on the 29th 
of October, 1837, his parents being Daniel D. 
and Mary A. (Goodwin) Currie. The father 
was a native of North Carolina and in the 
paternal line came of Scotch ancestry. In the 
year 1849 Daniel D. Currie, accompanied by his 
family, removed from Alabama to the Lone 
Star state, settling first in Rusk county, but 
after a brief period removed to Smith county, 
where he cast in his lot with the early settlers. 
Pioneer conditions were to be met there, bring- 
ing with them many of the hardships and trials 
incident to frontier life, but the family per- 
severed in their attempt to make a home there 
and did not' a little toward improving the 
county and promoting its substantial develop- 
ment. Both the father and mother died there, 
the father dying in 185 1, while the mother died 
about 1875. 

Alexander H. Currie was reared upon the old 
homestead farm in Smith county, having been 
a youth of about twelve years when brought to 
Texas. His education was acquired in the sub- 
scription schools, supplemented by knowledge 
gained through practical experience in after 
life, and although he is a self-educated man he 
'is also one who keeps well informed on matters 
of general interest. Seeking a companion and 
helpmate for life's journey, he was married in 
Smith county on the 22nd of November, 1865, 
to Miss Jane C. Stephenson, a native of Blount 
county, Alabama, born on the 21st of Decem- 
ber, 1838, and a daughter of James and Nancy 
C. (Nation) Stephenson. In 1846, during the 
early girlhood of Mrs. Currie, her parents came 
to Texas and resided for a number of years 
in Harrison county, but subsequently removed 
to Smith county, where she formed the ac- 
quaintance of Alexander H. Currie, to whom 
she gave her hand in marriage. This union was 
blessed with eight children : Debbie A., the 
wife of Robert Tolliver, who resides near Fort 
Worth; James D., living at Dallas, this state, 
married Miss Belle Blockwell ; John E. M., 
whose home is in Rusk county, married Miss 
Fannie Hopplenhite and all live near home; 
Mary N., the wife of Elmer Utter, of Fort 
Worth ; Effie A., living in Fort Worth ; 
Robert M., who resides near Smithfield 



and is the present carrier on the rural free 
delivery route, No. 2; Celia O., at home; and 
Frances E., who is living at Fort Worth. 

At the time of the Civil war Mr. Currie re- 
sponded to the call of the Confederacy and en- 
listed in Company E, Fourteenth Regiment of 
Texas Infantry. He participated in the battles 
of Mansfield, Louisiana, and in the engage- 
ments at Spring Hill, Louisiana, and Saline, 
Arkansas, together with others of minor impor- 
tance. He enlisted in Smith county and when 
the war was over he returned to that county, 
where he resided until 1880, when he took up his- 
abode near the city of Smithfield in Tarrant 
county. Here he has now made his home for 
twenty-three years and is the owner of a good 
farm of eighty-six acres, the land, which is rich 
and arable, returning to him satisfactory har- 
vests as a reward for the care and labor he be- 
stows upon the fields. He and his wife are devot- 
ed members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
South, at Smithfield and for many years he 
served in official capacities in the church. He 
now belongs to the Farmers' Union. During 
the years of his residence in the county he has 
been recognized as a man of genuine worth, free 
from ostentation and display, but possessing 
those sterling traits of character that in every 
land and clime command respect and con- 
fidence. 

DR. ELISHA P. BROWN, a manufacturer 
of proprietary medicines at Fort Worth, is a 
veteran of the Civil war and bears an honorable 
record for brave service in the cause of freedom 
and union, and in the paths of peace he has also 
won an enviable reputation through the sterl- 
ing qualities which go to the making of a good 
citizen. He is a son of William and Jane (Ken- 
drick) Brown, both natives of the Old Dominion 
state of Virginia, but in an early day emigrated 
to Missouri, where they were among the pio- 
neer settlers in that section comprising Marion, 
Ralls and Pike counties, which has sent forth 
so many noted men, and there they were finally 
laid to rest. A brother of Mrs. Brown, Rev. 
William Kendrick, was a very prominent min- 
ister of the Methodist church in Tennessee. 

Dr. Elisha P. Brown was born on a farm 
twelve miles from the little town of Florida, 
Missouri, well remembered as the birthplace of 
Mark Twain, and was reared to the life of the 
farmer boy, continuing to follow its pursuits 
until the breaking out of the Civil war. His 
mother was a strong anti-slavery woman, 
although her father was a large slave owner 
in Virginia, and had conscientiously instilled 



I 3 2 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



those sentiments and teachings in her children, 
so that Mr. Brown, notwithstanding the almost 
overwhelming southern sentiment throughout 
the state of Missouri outside of St. Louis, joined 
the Union forces, being one of the six Union 
men in his township. His first two years of 
army life were spent with the Missouri State 
Militia, Company B, Thirty-ninth Regiment, of 
which Major Johnson was one of the well re- 
membered officers, and it was this company 
that was the victim of the tragedy enacted at 
Centralia, Missouri, in which seventy-five out 
of a company of a little more than one hundred 
men were killed by the Confederate forces 
under Bill Anderson, Mr. Brown being one of 
the fortunate ones that escaped. Shortly after 
his enlistment he was promoted from a private 
to a corporal, but ere his two years of service 
had ended he was made a captain by the act 
of Governor Fletcher for bravery while in 
service under Major Johnson, at which time 
he was transferred to the Sixty-ninth Regi- 
ment, M. S. M., and two years later went into 
the regular federal troops, joining the Thirty- 
ninth Missouri Volunteer Infantry. Through 
the recommendation of one of its officers and 
his friends he was then assigned to detached 
duty, being detailed as a provost guard with the 
duty of transferring troops from the rear to the 
front of the army. These duties took him all 
over the country, as far south as Sherman's 
headquarters in Georgia and east to New York 
City. He was a brave and fearless soldier, and 
when the war ended and his services were no 
longer needed he was honorably discharged and 
mustered out of service at St. Louis, two weeks 
after the assassination of Lincoln. 

Returning to his old home in Ralls county, 
Mr. Brown again took up the duties of farm life, 
and later removed to Pike county, Louisiana, 
where he embarked in the mercantile business, 
which he later carried on at Hannibal, conduct- 
ing a prosperous business there until 1884, 
inwhichyearhecameto Texas. His first location 
in this state was in Dallas county, which con- 
tinued as his home for five years, and since that 
time he has resided in Fort Worth. About 
the time of his arrival in this city he abandoned 
the mercantile business and engaged in the 
preparation and manufacture of proprietary 
medicines, which he has ever since conducted 
with eminent success. While engaged in 
business in Missouri and while yet a young 
man he had taken the medical course at the 
McDowell College of Medicine, St. Louis, dur- 
ing which time he made special investigation 
and research for the purpose of compounding 



remedies, in which he has become very profi- 
cient. He has pushed forward this enterprise 
with strength and ability until his preparations 
have within the past few years reached a large 
sale throughout Texas and the southern states, 
supplying the retail trade through jobbers. 

In Audrain county, Missouri, Mr. Brown 
was united in marriage to Miss Virginia Rog- 
ers, the daughter of Rev. Rogers, and 
their union was blessed with four chil- 
dren, three of whom are living, — Lillie, the 
wife of J. W. Barr, of Louisiana, Missouri; 
Dr. Edgar P. Brown, D. D. S., of Cottonwood 
Falls, Kansas ; Ida, the wife of G. W. Richard- 
son, of New Orleans, Louisiana ; and Mrs. 
Emma F. Burnett, deceased. They all re- 
ceived excellent educations, being college 
graduates, and the daughters were especially 
well educated in music. For several years 
the family furnished the music for the Metho- 
dist church at Hannibal. Besides being a 
most successful dentist, the son Edgar P. is 
also an inventor, having invented a solar mo- 
tor that according to the Scientific American 
represents the highest perfection of any de- 
vice of that class. Mrs. Brown died in Mis- 
souri, and in 1895, in Texas, Mr. Brown mar- 
ried Miss Minerva Smith, a member of one of 
the prominent families of Van Zandt county. 
Her little sister, Miss Dovie, was adopted by 
Mr. and Mrs. Brown when she was a young 
child, and Mrs. Brown's niece, Miss Mae 
Adams, is also a member of their family. Their 
home at Fort Worth is comfortable and hos- 
pitable to the highest degree ; and Mr. Brown 
is personally known to a large number of peo- 
ple throughout Texas as a fine, genial and 
generous-hearted man. He is Post Command- 
er of Parmelay Post, G. A. R. 

COLONEL CHARLES W. GEERS. Con- 
spicuous on the roll of names of men that have 
conferred honor upon the profession of jour- 
nalism in Texas is that of Charles W. Geers, 
the proprietor and editor of the Monitor at 
Denton. Fie is a writer of superior force and 
ability and has ever been an earnest worker, 
and in all the relations of life he is an honorable, 
upright gentleman who has won the sincere 
respect of all with whom he has come in con- 
tact. He was born in Lexington, Kentucky, 
May 27, 1840, a son of Charles and Caroline 
(Perkins) Geers, both of whom were also na- 
tives of that city, and there were laid to rest. 
The paternal grandfather, James Geers, re- 
moved to Kentucky from North Carolina, lo- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



133 



eating with Daniel Boone at Boonesboro, but 
later took up his -abode in Lexington. 

Charles W. Geers is indebted to the public 
schools of his native city of Lexington for the 
educational privileges he received in his youth, 
and on its completion he entered the office of 
the Lexington Observer and Reporter, where 
he learned the printers' trade. That paper in 
those days was owned and edited by D. C. 
Wickliffe, while the associate editor was John 
T. Hogan and Captain R. Marsh was the fore- 
man. At the breaking out of the Civil War 
Colonel Geers went out with John H. Morgan, 
of Lexington, who had been captain of the Lex- 
ington Rifles. He did not at first formally en- 
list, but like many other young men in an ad- 
venturous spirit joined to follow Morgan. On 
reaching Camp Robinson a number of other 
men, parts of three or four companies, joined, 
making altogether about one hundred and 
fifty men, they calling themselves Morgan's 
Squadron. This squadron continued to in- 
crease, especially after the fighting at Forts 
Henry and Donelson, until finally Morgan had 
nearly four thousand fearless soldiers of mount- 
ed cavalry, a recognized aid to the Confederate 
cause. They were engaged in dangerous scout- 
ing duty between the two armies. Mr. Geers' 
father was also a Confederate soldier, but his 
brother joined the Union army. 

After the war had ended Mr. Geers returned 
to his old home in Lexington, but a short time 
afterward removed to Louisville, Kentucky, 
there securing a position as river reporter on 
the Louisville Democrat, published by Harney 
& Hughes. From that city he journeyed to 
Shelbvville of the same state, where he was 
employed for a time on the Shelbyville News, 
after which he became editor of the Glasgow 
Times of Glasgow, Kentucky. From the latter 
city he went to New Orleans, there securing 
a position with Colonel J. O. Nixon as local 
writer on the New Orleans Crescent. His 
next place of residence was Shreveport, Lou- 
isiana, where he was employed for a short time 
on the Shreveport News. Removing thence to 
Greenville, Hunt county, Texas, he became ac- 
quainted with Tom R. Burnet, and the two 
published the Greenville Independent. In 
April, 1868, they hauled the plant by wagon 
to the then frontier town of Denton, in Den- 
ton county, which has ever since continued the 
home of Colonel Geers. At the time of the re- 
moval the name of the paper was changed to 
the Monitor, a name which brought to its old 
and honored proprietor fame and renown. The 



partnership between Colonel Geers and Mr. 
Burnet existed but thirty-one weeks, when the 
former bought his partner's interest, and was 
thenceforward its sole editor and proprietor. 
With one or two exceptions this is the oldest 
newspaper in northern Texas, having had a 
continuous weekly publication since 1868. In 
the early days he did not confine his attention 
solely to the Monitor at Denton, but as a side 
issue took up at different times the publication 
and editing of a number of other papers, name- 
ly : a weekly paper at Morgan, in Bosque coun- 
ty ; another, The Citizen, at Meridian, in the 
same county ; also the Clifton Banner at Clif- 
ton, Bosque county. He also published a paper 
at Sanger, called the Legal Tender, and estab- 
lished the Louisville Headlight at Louisville, 
Texas. 

In Denton Mr. Geers was united in marriage 
to Miss Louisa Sophia Blount, a daughter of 
Judge J. M. Blount, and a native of Denton 
county. They have eight living children, name- 
ly : Charles W., Jr., engaged in the newspaper 
business at Aubrey, Texas ; Effie, the wife of 
Rev. A. E. Ewell, pastor of the Christian 
church at Bonham ; Gertrude, wife of John G. 
Rix, a merchant of Colorado City, Texas ; Otis, 
Estie, Margaret, Lucile and Sallie. Mr. Geers 
served as a member of the Texas state delega- 
tion to the National Democratic Convention at 
Baltimore in 1872 which nominated Horace 
Greeley. In 1868 he interested himself in or- 
ganizing a Christian church in Denton and 
brought" a minister here for that purpose. The 
church was duly organized and Mr. Geers has 
since been connected therewith, and in fact is 
the only surviving charter member of what is 
now the First Christian church of this city. 
A life of intense and well directed activity 
characterized by devotion to duty and by suc- 
cessful accomplishment have made Mr. Geers 
one of the representative and honored men of 
Texas. 

HON. CHARLES V. CYRUS, who as a 
merchant has contributed to the general pros- 
perity of Cleburne, was born in Giles county, 
Tennessee, in 1841. His father, Charles B. 
Cyrus, was a native of Logan county, Ken- 
tucky, and in 1814, when a young lad, accom- 
panied two of his uncles to Pulaski, Giles coun- 
ty, Tennessee, whence he afterward removed 
to Maury county, where he died in the year 
i860. He married Miss Susan Stratton, a na- 
tive of Virginia and a daughter of John Strat- 
ton, who died at Pensacola, Florida, while serv- 






134 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



ing under General Andrew Jackson in the war 
of 1812 and a peculiar coincidence in the family 
history is that Henry Cyrus, the paternal 
grandfather of our subject, also died in Pensa- 
cola in the same service. 

In his youth Hon. Charles V. Cyrus was 
reared to agricultural pursuits, aiding in farm 
labor in Maury county, Tennessee, but at the 
outbreak of the Civil war he put aside all busi- 
ness and personal considerations and in re- 
sponse to the summons to arms made by the 
Confederacy he joined Company E of the Ninth 
Battalion of Tennessee Cavalry. Like many 
cavalrymen in the Confederate service, espe- 
cially during the first year or two of the war, 
he was kept moving about in different lines 
of duty. He was, however, with his battalion 
at the battle of Fort Donelson in February, 
1862, at which time he was captured, being 
held as a prisoner of war for about six months. 
He was then exchanged at Vicksburg, Missis- 
sippi, and afterward served with his comrades 
as infantryman until a detail of their command 
could return to Tennessee and procure re- 
mounts. In the meantime while acting as in- 
fantry they went to assist in the defense of 
Port Hudson on the Mississippi river. After 
receiving horses they organized a little bri- 
gade of cavalry commanded by Colonel John 
Logan of Arkansas and they were behind 
Banks until after Port Hudson surrendered on 
the 8th of July, 1863. Subsequent to that time 
Mr. Cyrus' command joined the army of the 
Tennessee under General Joe Johnston and 
with others of his regiment, while on scouting 
duty, he was captured and taken to Fort Dela- 
ware below Philadelphia, where he was in- 
carcerated until a short time before the close 
of the war. He was released, however, in time 
to rejoin General Johnston's army at Greens- 
boro, North Carolina, where they surrendered. 

Mr. Cyrus returned to his home on horse- 
back, reaching Maury county on the 23rd of 
May, 1865. He was then engaged in farming, 
in which pursuit he was quite successful, his 
attention being given to agriculture until 1896, 
when he came to Cleburne, Texas. In the 
meantime he had figured prominently in pub- 
lic life in his native state, having been elected 
in 1891 a member of the Tennessee legislature. 
In thai session his most important work and 
for which he is given the greatest credit was 
in furthering the legislation providing for the 
establishment of a state home for old soldiers 
a1 the Hermitage, once the residence of General 
Andrew Jackson. This plan was successfully 



carried out and has proved a great blessing to 
the indigent Confederate soldiers of Tennessee. 

Mr. Cyrus was married in Maury county, 
Tennessee, on the 1st of September, 1869, to 
Miss Anne M. Porter, who was born in Fau- 
quier county. Virginia, a daughter of Richard 
L. and Anne Maria (Walker) Porter, both 
of whom were natives of that county and rep- 
resentatives of the well known Porter family 
of the state. Mrs. Cyrus went with her par- 
ents to Maury county, Tennessee, in 1861. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus have been born eight chil- 
dren : Charles L., James C, Thomas S. and 
Richard, all well known business men of Cle- 
burne ; Susan, the wife of E. R. Barkus, of 
Waco, Texas ; Elbert M. ; Roberta and Jennie 
Hill, at home. 

The eldest son, Charles L. Cyrus, came to 
Cleburne in 1892 and engaged in the feed and 
coal business on a small scale. He was later 
followed by three other sons of the family 
and the parents. Mr. and Mrs. Charles V. Cy- 
rus, and their other children came to Texas 
in 1896. The small business established by 
Charles L. Cyrus has since grown into the large 
commercial enterprise now conducted under 
the name of Cyrus Brothers, the partners being 
Charles L. and James C. Cyrus. The field of 
labor of the firm was enlarged in 1893 to m " 
elude beside the original line a complete line 
of vehicles, agricultural implements and hard- 
ware and is one of the successful houses of 
Cleburne, having an extensive and profitable 
trade. Thomas S. and Richard Porter Cyrus 
also constitute another firm of Cyrus & Cyrus, 
who are in the drug business in Cleburne and 
who established their store in 1903. This firm 
was originally Ball & Cyrus, but the partner- 
ship was dissolved by the retirement of Mr. 
Ball, at which time Thomas S. Cyrus was 
joined by his brother Richard, who had previ- 
ously been engaged in the furniture business. 
They then united their interests in the firm 
of Cyrus & Cyrus, dealers in drugs in Cleburne, 
and have enjoyed a profitable and constantly 
increasing trade. 

Charles V. Cyrus, his wife and family, are 
all consistent members of the Methodist church 
and he holds membership in Pal Cleburne 
camp, U. V. C, of this city. He is a man of 
strong purpose, unfaltering in support of his 
honest convictions, reliable in business, faith- 
ful in friendship and his strong and salient char- 
acteristics are those which have gained for him 
warm regard and which in every land and clime 
command respect and confidence. 




JAMES 



T. 1'ULLIAM 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



135 



CAPTAIN JAMES T. PULLIAM, well 
known in real estate circles of Fort Worth, has 
been identified with Tarrant county and North- 
west Texas more than a quarter of a century. 
During a lifetime of more than three score and 
ten years he has experienced the variety of a 
career of self-achievement and well merited suc- 
cess, and is esteemed as one of the leading citi- 
zens of the twentieth century city of Fort Worth, 
with whose later development he has had much 
to do of a beneficial character. 

Born in Franklin county, Georgia, November 
28, 1834, on a farm where his father, Benjamin 
S., and his mother, Eleanor (Turman), then 
lived, he was taken, in 1837, to their new home in 
Chickasaw county, Mississippi, near Houston, 
where the father kept an inn for a year. At their 
home, thus opened to the public, were entertained 
during that period many prominent men of that 
day, among them as now recalled being W. S. 
Featherstone, a member of Congress and later a 
general in the Confederate army. 

It was at Houston, Mississippi, that the son 
James received his first school privileges, and 
among other interesting reminiscences of his 
youth he recalls how he was dressed for 
school in the white bonnet and dress also worn 
by the girls, this method of appareling the school- 
boys being in vogue in that part of the country 
at that time. And all this clothing was of course 
homespun by his mother. While attending school 
and for some years afterward, until he was twen- 
ty-three years old, he lived at home on the farm. 
From 1857 to i860 he was engaged in the mer- 
cantile business in Houston, and in the latter year 
moved to Egypt on the Mobile and Ohio Rail- 
road, but still in Chickasaw county, where be- 
sides conducting a general merchandise business 
he was also postmaster. January 14, 1861, this 
career came to an end by his enlisting in Com- 
pany H, Eleventh Mississippi Infantry, of the 
Confederate army. After twelve months' service, 
during which he was in Virginia, in the Harper's 
Ferry campaign under Joseph E. Johnston, and 
also in the battle at Pensacola, Florida, he re- 
turned home in 1862, selling out his stock of 
merchandise, re-enlisted, this time in Company 
C, Thirty-first Mississippi. This time he went in 
for three years, and remained till the close of the 
war, being discharged May 1 1, 1865, at Meridian, 
Mississippi. Courageous and efficient service 
brought him advancement, and when he finally 
returned home it was with the rank of captain. 
He had participated in many important battles, 
being at Shiloh, and at Flat Woods every man in 
his company was either killed or wounded, he 



being at that time third lieutenant. He was also 
wounded at the battle of Peach Tree Creek, 
Georgia, July 20, 1864. Despite such a long and 
arduous service he was never sick a day nor 
absent without leave. Besides the incidents and 
dangers of the regular service he on three differ- 
ent occasions volunteered for special duty, which 
led him into perilous skirmishes and he was 
wounded each time. 

War time over, he returned to Egypt to find 
his home and store to have been destroyed in 
the General Smith raid, and he was one of the 
brave sons of the south who were compelled to 
begin all over again to build up the structure 
of personal success, and it is to his everlasting 
credit that prosperity has in later years rewarded 
his efforts and that he can enjoy it notwithstand- 
ing early misfortunes. On January 25, 1866, he 
married Miss Eliza Ann Ware, who was born 
in South Carolina, October 22, 1844, and who 
died in 1894. She was the beloved mother of a 
family of ten, all but two of whom are living; 
namely, Thomas M., James E., Theodore C, 
Benjamin O., Lenora Y., Emma L., Frank L., 
Joseph T., and Williamson L. and Mary L., both 
deceased. 

After conducting his business at Egypt for 
three years he took up his residence at the home 
of his boyhood, and was engaged in farming 
there seventeen years, until 1879. Altogether he 
lived forty-two years in Chickasaw county. 
When he came to this state in 1879 he settled on 
a farm near Azle in Tarrant county, and for 
seventeen years was known as one of the most 
successful and enterprising of the farmers in that 
fertile section. His removal to Fort Worth was 
made in order that he might the better educate 
his children, and since taking up his home in 
the city, he has engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness. 

In public affairs Captain Pulliam's most im- 
portant service for the welfare of his fellowmen 
was performed during his term as county com- 
missioner of Tarrant, in 1877-78, when he justly 
earned the title of father of the good roads sys- 
tem in the county. He was one of the first to 
bring into practical success the employment of 
the county criminals in road building, and the 
results of the movement thus inaugurated are 
regarded as one of the great achievements in 
the progress of Tarrant county, and are ground 
for no ordinary gratulation on the part of Cap- 
tain Pulliam and his friends. In religion the 
Captain is a member of the Missionary Baptist 
denomination. 



i 3 6 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



JUDGE WILLIAM R. PARKER, head 
of the legal firm of Parker, Dunn and Parker, 
has for more than fifteen years been a leader 
at the bar of Tarrant county and through his 
wide professional activity and distinction in 
political and private life has become one of the 
foremost citizens of Fort W'orth. 

Born in Logan county, Kentucky, in 1851, 
Judge Parker is a son of Richard C. and Martha 
Morton (Sanford) Parker, who in 1854 returned 
to their former home in Sumner county, Tennes- 
see, to the farm on which the father was born 
and where he died, and on which Judge Parker 
spent his youthful days. The mother, who was 
born in Rutherford county, Tennessee, now 
lives with her daughter at Scottsville, Ken- 
tucky. 

Greenwood Institute is a well known educa- 
tional seat in Tennessee, noted especially for 
the large number of students sent from its halls 
into prominent places of worldly activity. It 
was here that Judge Parker obtained the major 
part of his literary training. He studied his 
law at Scottsville, Kentucky, was admitted to 
the bar in 1882 and continued to practice there 
for several years in partnership with Judge 
Bradburn, a man of eminent position in that 
part of the state. About 1889 Mr. Parker iden- 
tified himself with Fort Worth, and has been 
continuously active here ever since. He served 
one term as county judge, and on different 
occasions has been called to act as special dis- 
trict judge. In practice he makes a specialty 
of criminal law, and out of a large number of 
cases extending over a number of years he has 
lost only two or three, and this unusual record 
places him in the front rank of criminal law- 
yers in North Texas. He also has a good clien- 
tage as general counselor and attorney. 

The firm of Parker, Dunn and Parker con- 
sists, beside himself, of Thomas W. Dunn and 
Richard C. Parker, Judge Parker's son. It has 
been Judge Parker's gratifying experience to 
have nearly all his partners become prominent 
in politics or public life. Hon O. W. Gilles- 
pie, who was his first law partner after he came 
to Fort Worth, has since been elected to Con- 
gress from this district. His second partner 
was William A. Hanger, who is now state sena- 
tor, and among others were Mike E. Smith 
and M. B. I larris, who both subsequently went 
to the district bench. 

Judge Parker's political activity has extend- 
ed to In-- serving as chairman of the Democratic 
campaign committee of Tarrant county, a po- 
sition he has held for several years, and he 
has Frequently gone to state and other con- 
ventions as a delegate and is a well known 



speaker on such occasions. At the present 
time he is a member of the city council of Fort 
Worth, from the Third ward. Fraternally he 
has affiliations with the Masons and Knights 
of Pythias. 

Judge Parker's first wife was Miss Sarah C. 
Robertson, whom he married February 18, 
1874, and by their marriage there were six chil- 
dren, Richard C, Virgil R., who is assistant 
city attorney, Mrs. Mary B. Hunter, William 
R., Jr., Mrs. Kate Louise W T andry and Miss 
Alma. His second marriage took place June 
28, 1904, to Mrs. R. E. Bowman. 

JUDGE JAMES M. VAN SANT, success- 
ful rancher and man of affairs at Canyon City, 
Randall county, has had a varied and many-sid- 
ed career, but in general very successful, and 
ever since taking up his residence in the Pan- 
handle country he has taken a prominent part 
in the public and industrial activities and used 
his influence for the progress and best welfare 
of his town and county. 

Judge Van Sant was born in north- 
west Arkansas, Crawford county, March 
18, 1840, and was the son of Isaiah and 
Margaret (Chenault) Van Sant. His fa- 
ther, a native of Botetourt county, Virginia, 
was one of the earliest pioneers of northwest- 
ern Arkansas, establishing his home in Craw- 
ford county three miles from the town of Van 
Buren, and his son Isaiah still lives on this 
homestead, where he was born in 1842. The 
father died at the old home place in 1862. 

Judge Van Sant passed his early years on the 
home farm, and received most of his education 
at Cane Hill College in Washington county, 
Arkansas. As soon as he came out of school 
he began his connection with official life, be- 
coming employed in the county clerk's office 
at Van Buren. He was later a clerk in tne 
postoffice for a year or two, and then went into 
the mercantile business at Van Buren in part- 
nership with W. B. Heard. Fie was in that 
business when the war broke out. He enlisted 
in the Third Regiment of state troops, and was 
in the first battle fought in southwest Missouri, 
that at Wilson's Creek, or, as the Confederates 
call it, Oak Hill. He later enlisted in the regu- 
lar Confederate service under General Fagin, 
being in the cavalry branch of the military, 
and after a short- time was placed in General 
Cabell's brigade. He participated in the cam 
paigns throughout northern Arkansas and 
southwest Missouri, being at the battles of 
Jenkins' Ferry, Poison Springs, Marks Mills, 
and others, and was with the army until the 
close of the war with the exception of a 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



U7 



short time in 1863 when he brought his family 
as refugees to Paris, Texas. 

At the close of the war he returned to his 
family at Paris, and has been a resident of 
Texas ever since. He lived a while in Hunt 
county, then a short time in Lamar county, 
after which he went into the mercantile busi- 
ness at Ben Franklin in Delta county, where 
he continued as a prominent and successful 
merchant for twenty-seven years. Considera- 
tions for the health of some members of the 
family led him in 1892 to transfer his residence 
to the high plains country in the Panhandle, 
and in that year he located at Canyon City, the 
county seat of Randall county. In 1895 he was 
appointed to fill the vacant , county judgeship, 
and in the following year he was the candidate 
for and was elected justice of the peace and 
county commissioner of precinct No. 1, serving 
in this office four years. He has been notary 
public ever since coming to Canyon City. 
When he first came to Canyon City he took 
charge of the Victoria Hotel and was its propri- 
etor for some years. He and his son Isaiah now 
have a fine ranch seven miles and a half south 
of Canyon City. 

Judge Van Sant was married in Crawford 
county, Arkansas, to Miss Susan J. Foster, of 
a South Carolina family. They have four chil- 
dren, all married, as follows : Josie, wife of 
R. B. Redfearn, the county treasurer ; Gertrude, 
wife of W. R. Redfearn ; Isaiah L. ; and Mrs. 
Eddie Jennings. Judge Van Sant is an active 
member of the Christian church, and is promi- 
nent in Masonic circles, having attained the 
Royal Arch and Knight Templar degrees. 

JAMES KYLE W r ESTER. In the per- 
son of the subject of this review we are to pre- 
sent the life work and family history of one 
of the well known and proficient educators 
of Northern Texas and a gentleman whose po- 
litical as well as his educational achievements 
have placed him among the representative men 
of his locality. Twenty-eight years a citizen of 
the state and twenty-six years an active teacher 
in its public and normal schools and for six 
years a public official, outlines, briefly, the 
scope of his work and indicates the nature of 
his usefulness and his general character as a 
citizen. 

Like many of his predecessors from Tennes- 
see, Mr. Wester first stopped in Grayson coun- 
ty, Texas, where, at Kentuckytown, he began 
his educational work in the Lone Star state. 
From 1878 to 1884 he was connected with the 
schools there and then was called to Jacks- 



boro as vice president of the Jack County Edu- 
cational Institute, and in this position he con- 
tinued his work for seven years. For the next 
few years he was in politics to the exclusion 
of anything else and he did not return to teach- 
ing again until 1895, when he came to Bellevue, 
Clay county, and took charge of the schools 
here. lie remained with the work three years 
and then accepted the superintendency of the 
Jacksboro schools and taught there five years, 
returning thence to Bellevue, where he is com- 
pleting his second year. 

James K. Wester is a native son of Granger 
county, Tennessee, his birth occurring No- 
vember 28, 1855. His father, John H. Wester, 
was born there February 22, 1825. In his ear- 
ly life the latter was more or less in county 
politics and was an officer of the county him- 
self. He served two years in the Confederate 
army, in time of the rebellion, being a public 
official when the war came on. He was a de- 
nominational Christian and a member of the 
Baptist church. 

Rev. W. E. Wester, father of John H. Wes- 
ter, was a Baptist minister and went to the vi- 
cinity of Rutledge, Tennessee, from about 
Asheville, North Carolina. He was born in 1800 
and married a Miss Helton, who bore him elev- 
en children, all of whom reared families. He 
died in 1872 and his wife passed away in 1881. 

John H. Wester was his father's second 
child and he married Nancy McAnnelly, who 
yet survives in Rutledge, Tennessee, while her 
husband died July 14, 1903, at the age of seven- 
ty-eight. Their union was productive of: 
James K., of this sketch; William E., of Port- 
land, Oregon; Albert, deceased; John R., of 
Lebanon, Missouri ; Lula, wife of Charles 
Brewer, of Granger county, Tennessee ; and 
Robert, of the same county. 

In the district school James K. Wester ac- 
quired his early training and Tazewell College, 
Tennessee, and Madison Academy, at Rut- 
ledge, gave him his advanced training and 
equipped him for his most proficient school 
work. Fie engaged in teaching at the age of 
eighteen and followed it intermittently while 
acquiring his education. He entered the pro- 
fession regularly at the age of twenty-one and 
taught two years near home prior to his advent to 
the West. In addition to his work in the school- 
room in Texas he has been either an instructor 
or a conductor in county normal work for twen- 
ty years, twelve years of which time he has 
filled the position of conductor. He devotes 
eleven calendar months of each year to the 
school room and his face is a familiar one in 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



district and county teachers' meetings. He in- 
sists that the work of the graded schools is the 
only efficient educational work done, below our 
advanced institutions of learning, and the high 
character of the schools in Jacksboro and in 
Bellevue testify to the efficiency in the work 
of the graded school. 

While in Jack county Mr. Wester became 
interested in politics and, in 1891, was appoint- 
ed sheriff of the county to fill an unexpired 
term of twentv months, and in the fall of 1892 
he was elected to represent Jack and Clay 
counties in the legislature. Two years later 
he was again elected and as a member of the 
house had committee assignments as follows : 
committee of education, state affairs, finance, 
public lands and land offices and was chairman 
of the committee on contingent expenses dur- 
ing his second term, all other committee assign- 
ments remaining the same. He introduced 
in House of Representatives and secured the 
passage of an act establishing the office of presi- 
dent of the State University and secured the 
passage of several educational measures tending 
to a greater convenience and efficiency in school 
work. 

Mr. Wester was first married in Grayson 
county, Texas, in December, 1881, to Miss 
Mary Weber, who died in July following, and 
August 22, 1886, in Jacksboro, he married a 
teacher, Miss Mattie Hughes, a daughter of 
John and Nancy (Smith) Hughes, the father 
an old Tarrant county school teacher and coun- 
ty surveyor of Jack county for many years. 
These parents' children were : Lona, wife of 
Will Harughty, of Jacksboro; Ollie, who mar- 
ried Charles Whipp, of New Mexico ; Mrs. West- 
er, born August 31, 1869; Emma, wife of Charles 
Patton, of Jacksboro. Mrs. Hughes died, and 
for his second wife Mr. Hughes married Nannie 
Broad, whose only child is Miss Lutie May 
Hughes. 

The issue of Mr. and Mrs. Wester are : Fred 
C, Rollv E., Woody, Maydell and Lina Irene. 

Mr. Wester is a member of the blue lodge, 
chapter and commandery, A. F. and A. M. 
at Jacksboro, and his educational work prompts 
his membership in the Northwest Texas Teach- 
ers' Association. 

WILLIAM HURN. A gentleman, widely 
esteemed in Clay county and most worthy to 
be mentioned in a work of representative biog- 
raphy, is he whose name introduces this per- 
sonal record. His going in and out, as it were, 
among the citizenship of his county for the 
pasl quarter of a century has established him 



as a thrifty, successful and substantial farmer 
and a sincere and worthy man. His daily life 
has been an open book to be scanned at will 
and the results of his daily toil are shown in 
the extent of his earthly possessions. 

In Monmouthshire, England, June 23, 1844, 
William Hum was born. He was a son of a 
coal miner, Robert Hum, and his mother was 
Harriet Williams, of whose seven children are 
mentioned — Rachael ; William was the second ; 
Maria, John, and Louise. 

At the tender age of eight years William 
Hum went into the shaft of an English coal 
mine to work. He was deprived of good school 
advantages and his mind received its best train- 
ing at the family fireside and by private read- 
ing as he approached manhood's estate. Tir- 
ing of his life of drudge and being determined 
to eventually discard it he brought his young 
wife and small family to the United States. 
He left old County Durham in 1869 and sailed 
from Liverpool on board the ship Nebraska 
bound for New York. After fifteen days of 
uneventful voyage he landed at Castle Garden 
on the day that General Grant was inaugurated 
president the first time. He located near 
Wilksbarre, Pennsylvania, first and, as seemed 
natural, sought employment in a coal mine at 
once. He remained in the Wyoming valley, 
gradually improving his finances, and in 1878. 
he came to Texas to ultimately win him a home. 
He passed two years in Tarrant county and 
when he drove into Clay county it was with 
a team, twelve head of cattle and two hundred 
and thirty-five dollars in cash. While becom- 
ing acquainted with the soil and conditions 
he rented one year and then bought a tract of 
Angelina county school land, northeast of Hen- 
rietta. He hauled the lumber to build his shan- 
ty from Gainesville and the first year's crop was 
housed in one of the two rooms of his resi- 
dence. He paid one dollar a bushel for corn 
and brought other of his supplies from Gaines- 
ville. The first year his eighteen acres of cot- 
ton yielded him one bale and to provide for 
the wants of his family till another crop he 
hitched up his mule and horse and did some 
freighting "to keep the pot boiling." There 
were times when the severest and most rigid 
economy was necessary to make the supply 
equal the family demands and it was no unusual 
sight for Mr. Hum, on his return home, to 
find the wolf lying around dangerously near 
his cabin door. He threatened at times to leave 
the country but he couldn't get away and it 
is well that he could not, in view of his sue- 




MR. AND MRS. JAMES H. TADLOCK 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



139 



■cesses afterward and his substantial condition 
now. 

Mr. Hum's first real estate was a tract of one 
hundred and sixty acres, now substantially and 
attractively improved, and he devoted his en- 
ergies to mixed farming and stock. He has 
since added to his possessions until he owns 
about nine hundred acres and his material in- 
dependence is universally recognized. 

January 1, 1865, William Hum and Mary 
Elms were married. She was a daughter of 
Francis and Dorcas (Chivers) Elms and is one 
of seven children. She is the mother of Robert, 
who died at the age of twenty-three ; Joseph, 
Elizabeth, Hattie, Helen, Frank and Myrtle. 

The establishment of the postofHce of Hurn- 
ville and its naming was due to Mr. Hum and 
in his honor. It came into existence in 1891 and 
has now a store, a church and a school. Mr. 
Hum became an Odd Fellow at eighteen years 
of age and belongs to both the subordinate 
and the encampment, having taken those de- 
grees. 

JOSEPH H. GARRISON, ex-county clerk, 
president of the Randall County Land and Ab- 
stract Company and otherwise prominent at 
Canyon City, has been a resident of the Pan- 
handle for the past ten years, and has taken a 
foremost rank among the enterprising and pub- 
lic-spirited citizens of Randall county. 

Mr. Garrison comes of a good Virginia stock, 
and inherits the best traditions and ideals of the 
south. He was born in 1861 at Middlebrook, 
Augusta county, Virginia, in which part of the 
state his good old father is still living. His 
parents, Jacob S. and Rebecca (Fix) Garri- 
son, were both Virginians >by birth, and 
throughout his active life his father was a man- 
ufacturer of wagons, buggies, etc. 

After receiving his education in the schools 
of Middlebrook and Staunton Mr. Garrison 
learned the trade of painter in his father's shop, 
and in 1884 he came to Texas to follow this oc- 
cupation. He spent the first four years in 
Erath county, and in 1888 came to the plains 
country. Locating at Plainview in Hale coun- 
ty, he prosecuted a successful business in paint- 
ing, not only at Plainview but also took con- 
tracts for work all through that section of the 
country. Since 1895 he has been a resident 
of Canyon City. In November, 1900, he was 
elected county and district clerk of Randall 
county, was re-elected in 1902, and served until 
the expiration of his second term, in the latter 
part of 1904. In the meantime, in partnership 
with C. N. Harrison, he had established the 



Randall County Land and Abstract Company 
at Canyon City, to which business, as its presi- 
dent, he now gives the larger part of his time. 
The firm has the complete abstract books of 
Randall county, and does a large business in 
real estate and insurance. Mr. Garrison is the 
possessor of one of the nicest ranches in the 
Panhandle, and although it makes no claims to 
distinction in the matter of acreage, since it 
comprises only six hundred and forty acres. 
yet it is a model as far as management and pro- 
ducts are concerned. It is situated twelve 
miles southwest of Canyon City, in Randall 
county, on a most eligible location on Terra 
Blanco creek. Mr. Garrison makes a specialty 
of and has established a reputation for his thor- 
oughbred registered Durham cattle, with which 
he has had fine success. 

Mr. Garrison affiliates with the Masonic or- 
der and with the Knights of Pythias. He was 
married in Dickens county, this state, to Miss 
Adra Canan, and they have two children, Will- 
iam Lloyd and Beatrice Erlene. 

JAMES HENDON TADLOCK. Among 
those Wise county farmers who have added their 
quiet but positive force to the wonderful work 
of internal development which has gone on here 
for the past thirty years and whose substantial 
position stands as a monument to their energy, in- 
dustry and sobriety is James H. Tadlock, of Chi- 
co, mentioned as the subject of this sketch. Pass- 
ing from an unknown and untried quantity from 
the beginning to one tested and approved by the 
fires of time and with influence limited only by 
the bounds of his acquaintance, he is the peer 
of his fellows and the example of his achieve- 
ments stands out conspicuously that the future 
may read, know and emulate. 

He came west from Perry county, Alabama, 
where his birth occurred April 12, 1842, and 
where his father, Albert G. Tadlock, settled 
in 1832. His father was born in Edgefield dis- 
trict, South Carolina, in about 1808, and was of 
Scotch and Irish blood. He married in Alabama 
about 1833, Malinda, a daughter of James 
Boyles, a Methodist preacher of Irish stock. 
Like his father-in-law, he held to Methodism, 
was an officer of his church and a class-leader, 
and as a farmer he was successful in making and 
accumulating property, but the Civil War swept 
much of it away and he passed away in 1874, 
aged sixty-one, possessed of little estate. His 
wife followed him two years later and their chil- 
dren were: Adaline, wife of Henry Herring, 
of Scott county, Mississippi ; Cynthian, who died 
in Scott county, Mississippi, in 1903, as the wife 



140 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



of James Atherton ; Flavela, wife of William M. 
Manley, of Grayson county, Texas ; William 
died in the Confederate service in 1862 ; James 
H., of this notice ; Cannon, Webster and Martha, 
of Scott county, Mississippi, the last the wife of 
Nathaniel Chestnut ; and Elisha T. and Josephine 
and Robert, all of Scott county, Josephine being 
the wife of William Moore. 

While growing up in his native county James 
H. Tadlock acquired only a meager knowledge 
of school books and he enlisted in the army of 
the Confederacy before his twentieth birthday. 
In June, 1861, he joined Company K, Eleventh 
Alabama Infantry, under Col. Moore and went 
with his regiment to the Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia. He reached the field of operations the day 
after the Manassas fight and from Yorktown to 
Petersburg he passed through the horrors of war. 
Among the historic engagements of this fighting 
army were: Jamestown, Seven Pines, from 
Gaines' Mill to Malvern Hill. Sharpsburg, Fred- 
ericksburg, Gettysburg, Spottsylvania, Chancel- 
lorville. Cold Harbor, Wilderness, the de- 
fense of Richmond, and, in the works at Peters- 
burg, he received his first wound, a musket ball 
through the left foot. In the winter of 1864 he 
returned home and was not with the army during 
its last stand and surrender at Appomattox. 

For several months after the war closed Mr. 
Tadlock was not able to take up civil pursuits 
but when he did it was as a modest farmer with 
a new wife, a mule, a sow and pigs and some few 
household effects. He had merely laid the foun- 
dation for a start when, in 1868, he drove 
through to Mississippi, and remained there two 
years. Fie then took up. the journey toward 
the setting sun and settled in Butler county, 
Kansas. He entered a tract of the public do- 
main near Augusta and was occupied with its 
reduction and improvement until 1876 when he 
made his final move, to Texas, driving through 
with team and wagon. He stopped first on the 
east side of the county of Wise, but soon after- 
ward located on Sand Flats on the west side 
of the county. There he opened up a new farm 
and the fourteen years that he lived there made 
much substantial progress toward the culmina- 
tion of his career. 

When he arrived in Wise county Mr. Tadlock 
owned a fair team, had a wife and four children 
and not as much cash as he needed, for it devel- 
ops that he borrowed money to pay for the one 
hundred and eighty acres of land which he 
bought. He began by raising cotton and corn 
and as he got a spare "five" he invested in a 
yearling. In time he had a bunch of cattle and 
his familiar brand, a combination of the capitals 



"J- H. T.," came to be known over the communi- 
ty of Sand Flats and the west part of Texas. 
Save for the loss of some forty cows during 
one winter of short feed— a misfortune which 
set him back materially — his career has been on- 
ward and upward to the last. Without enum- 
erating the man}- landed accessions to his estate 
his real holdings amounted to one thousand acres 
and his home on the Bullock survey was estab- 
lished in 1891. 

November 2, 1865, Mr. Tadlock married Nan- 
cy Stephens, a daughter of Gideon Stephens. 
Mr. Stephens was a North Carolinian and mar- 
ried a South Carolina lady, Ellen Arendal, came 
to Texas in 1874, and died in Grayson county, 
in April, 1879, hi s w ^ e having passed away April 
24, 1863. They were the parents of Andrew, of 
Alabama ; Martha, who died in East Texas as 
the wife of Frank Crow ; Elizabeth, of Anderson 
county, Texas, wife of Hugh Henderson; Fran- 
ces married Minor Crews, of Alabama ; Lewis, 
of Montgomery county, Arkansas ; Mrs. Tad- 
lock, born, June 19, 1848 ; Arra K., wife of Tim- 
othy Sexton, of Augusta, Kansas ; Sidney T., 
of Wise county, Texas ; James died unmarried 
and David resides in Cleveland county, Oklaho- 
ma ; Alice, who married Lewis Clark and resides 
at Augusta, Kansas. Mr. Stephens was married 
a second time, his wife having been Flavela Tad- 
lock, who bore ten children, only four of whom 
survive, viz : Wesley, of Wise county ; Margaret, 
wife of Alfred Heath, of Grayson county ; and 
Nathaniel and Richard of the same county. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tadlock's children are: Wil- 
liam, who died when fifteen months old ; Albert, 
of Chico, married Miss Delia Perry, her people 
being from Mississippi, and they have two chil- 
dren, James M. and Sidney ; Walter married 
Delia Blanton and died at twenty-five ; Charles, 
of Tarrant county, married Mary Golden and 
has children, Geneva Bell and C. C. ; Marcus 
lives on Sand Flats, married Minnie Whatley 
and has issue, T. Grady, Marvin W., and James 
Hershell ; Marvin and Margaret, twins, the lat- 
ter deceased and the former a graduate of the 
Fort Worth Medical College and in charge of 
St. Joseph's Hospital in Fort Worth. 

In politics the Tadlocks are Democrats and in 
religion Methodists. Mr. Tadlock is a trustee 
of the Chico church and has served it in other 
official capacities, and is a Master Mason. 

Ten years ago Mr. Tadlock went blind and 
had an operation by which an eye was saved. 

T. G. and J. IT. CURLIN. T. G. and J. 
H. Curlin constitute the firm of Curlin Broth- 
ers, ginners of Nocona. T. G. Curlin was born 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



141 



in Tennessee, January 4, 1848, his parents be- 
ing J. V. and Amanda (Baty) Curlin, the for- 
mer a native of North Carolina and the latter 
of Georgia. Their marriage, however, was 
celebrated in Tennessee. The paternal grand- 
parents were John and Dolly (Perkins) Cur- 
lin, who were of Scotch-Irish descent. John 
Curlin served in the war' of 1812 and was a 
prominent farmer of his locality. He removed 
from North Carolina to western Tennessee and 
there spent his remaining days as an honest, 
upright agriculturist and a devoted member of 
the Baptist church. In his family were five 
children: J. J., a farmer; W. H., who followed 
the same pursuit ; John V. ; Mrs. Sophia Chand- 
ler; and Mrs. Betsey Jones, who after the death 
of her first husband became Mrs. Brown. 

John V. Curlin was reared in Tennessee, 
where he remained for a long period. He was 
a mechanic who thoroughly understood the 
workings of machinery and was connected with 
the operation of a saw mill and a threshing and 
ginning business. At the time of the Civil war 
he believed in the Union cause but when the 
southern states determined to secede he en- 
tered the Confederate service and was detailed 
for duty in the commissary department. He 
was also on General Pemberton's body guard 
at the siege of Vicksburg. He owned many 
slaves prior to the war and the loss of his prop- 
erty was a great financial blow. He was an 
intelligent man, efficient in business life and 
at all times was found true to every trust reposed 
in him. In politics he was a Democrat and 
used his influence for the success of the party 
but never aspired to ofhce. He held member- 
ship in the Missionary Baptist church and died 
in that faith in 1893 at the age of seventy years. 
He was married four times. His first wife, the 
mother of qur subject, was Amanda Baty, a 
daughter of Warren G. and Elvira (Bache- 
lor) Baty of Georgia, the latter a daughter of 
Alexander Bachelor, a prominent citizen and 
slave owner of that state. Warren Baty was 
also a leading and successful agriculturist and 
owned a number of slaves. He removed from 
Georgia to Tennessee, where he spent his re- 
maining days. He held membership in the 
Baptist church. His children were twelve in 
number, namely: Mrs. Amanda Curlin; Cicero, 
a farmer; John, who died while serving as a 
soldier in the Civil war ; Thomas, who also died 
in the army; Cob, who was killed at Shiloh ; 
Warren G., who was likewise in the army ; 
Frank, who served throughout the war; Eva- 
line, the wife of Dr. Jones ; Lucy, the wife of 



C. Mulharen; Mary, the wife of T. Raynor; 
Elvira and Posey, who followed farming. 

John V. and Amanda Curlin became the 
parents of three children: T. G. of this re- 
view; and William A. and Mary, who died in 
childhood. The wife and mother died in 1854 
and Mr. Curlin afterward married Nancy Bri- 
ley of a prominent family of Tennessee and 
a daughter of John Briley of North Carolina, 
who removed to Tennessee, where he became 
well known as a planter, owning a large tract 
of land and many slaves. In his family were 
eight children : Benjamin, a farmer who served 
in the Confederate army ; Mrs. Nancy Curlin ; 
Mrs. Eliza Coburn ; Lottie ; Jesse, a farmer who 
was also in the Civil war; John, who like- 
wise carries on agricultural pursuits ; Mrs. 
Mattie Walder ; and Joseph, a farmer. 

To John V. and Nancy Curlin were born 
two children : John H., who is in partnership 
with his brother, T. G. Curlin ; and Mrs. Sally 
Cook. The mother died in 1863 while the father 
was rendering active service in the Civil war 
at Vicksburg. In 1864 he married Anna Rawls, 
a daughter of Dr. Rawls, a capable physician. 
There were nine children by that marriage: 
Dolly, Joseph V., Julia, Charles R., Amanda, 
Frank and three who died in childhood. In fact 
Amanda is the only one now living. Following 
the death of his third wife Mr. Curlin married 
Mrs. Carr, a widow. 

T. G. and J. H. Curlin were reared under 
the parental roof and assisted their father in 
masonry work. The former remained as a 
partner of his father until thirty years of age 
and to some extent they followed logging and 
ginning. In 1884 T. G. Curlin returned to his 
own home neighborhood and was married to 
Miss Mary J. West, an estimable lady who was 
born in Tennessee and was a daughter of John 
and Sarah Ann (Dickenson) West, the former 
a native of North Carolina, while Mrs. West be- 
longed to a prominent and honored family of 
western Tennessee, the Dickensons being wide- 
ly known and highly respected. John West 
was reared in the Old North state but was mar- 
ried in Tennessee and in order to provide for 
his family followed the occupation of farming. 
His death occurred in Tennessee. He had served 
throughout the Civil war in the Confederate 
army and he was a devoted member of the 
Primitive Baptist church, his life being in har- 
mony with his professions. In his family were 
five children, namely: Mrs. Mary J. Curlin; 
Mrs. Emma Compton ; Mrs. Ada Barnes ; Musa, 
the wife of James Curlin ; and Henry, a farmer 
and ginner. In 1887 Mr. Curlin of this review 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, 
who died on the 30th of January, 1887. He 
has never married again. He has one son, 
Ossie, who was born in 1887 an d is now at- 
tending school in Fort Worth, Texas. Mrs. 
Curlin was a consistent member of the Mis- 
sionary Baptist church and a most devoted 
wife, while her friends were almost as numer- 
ous as her acquaintances. Her many excellent 
traits of character, her kindly atid charitable 
spirit and her benevolent disposition won her the 
love of all with whom she came in contact. 

Following his marriage T. G. Curlin con- 
tinued in the business in which he had formerly 
been engaged and his time was thus passed un- 
til 1890, when he and his half-brother, J. H. 
Curlin, came to Texas, locating in Nocona. In 
1892 he purchased a gin and also bought and 
operated a thresher, while his partner pur- 
chased and operates a farm. T. G. Curlin, how- 
ever, gives his entire attention to the machin- 
ery business. In 1904 they abandoned the old 
gin and built a new one supplied with modern 
machinery and having a capacity of sixty bales 
daily. In the year 1904 they put up over two 
thousand bales and their business is proving 
profitable. 

John H. Curlin, the younger brother, was 
born November 25, 1856, and was reared in 
western Tennessee. The brothers have worked 
together during the greater part of the business 
life and came to Texas together. They have 
now joined interests in a gin and thresher and 
also in farming interests. 

John H. Curlin was married in Tennessee to 
Miss Ella Kirksey, who was born and reared 
in that state and is a daughter of Alexander 
Kirksey of Tennessee, a blacksmith and farmer. 
His children were: Mrs. Mattie Griffey; Em- 
ma, who became Mrs. Howard and after the 
death of her first husband married a Mr. Will- 
iams ; Betty, the wife of R. Simmons ; Ella, now 
Mrs. Curlin; Mrs. Minnie Gay; Laura, the wife 
of Charles Curlin ; and Addie, the wife of Al 
King. To Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Curlin have been 
born three children : Cloris, who is attending 
the State Normal School at Denton, Texas ; 
and William W. and Ernest, who are students 
in the home schools. The parents are mem- 
bers of the Missionary Baptist church and Mr. 
Curlin is identified with the Fraternal Brother- 
hood. Both T. G. and J. II. Curlin are well 
known and representative business men and 
are prospering in their undertakings, having 
established business interests of importance to 
the locality and which bring to them a very 
creditable and gratifying success. 



THOMAS JEFFERSON CARTWRIGHT. 
Known in Tarrant county as a successful mer- 
chant and prominent as a real estate owner,, 
Mr. Cartwright resides and conducts his busi- 
ness near Riverside, northeast of Fort Worth. 
He was born in Obion county, Tennessee, Oc- 
tober 28, 1866, and his father, Will Cartwright,. 
having died in that his native state when his. 
son Thomas was a child, the latter at the age- 
of ten accompanied his mother to Texas and. 
settled in the northern part of Tarrant county. 
Here they lived from 1875 to 1883, and in the- 
latter year moved to Smithfield, Tarrant coun- 
ty, where the mother, Mrs. Delila (W T ood) Cart-, 
wright, still lives. 

Reared on a farm, Mr. Cartwright not only 
became familiar with all the practical opera- 
tions of farming, but at the same time acquired 
that accurate knowledge of land values which 
has served him so well in later life. After 
acquiring his education in the schools of Smith- 
field, he engaged in farming in the neighbor- 
hood of his home town, and had a very suc- 
cessful experience in that vocation. In Febru- 
ary, 1898, Mr. Cartwright embarked in the mer- 
cantile business, establishing a small stock near 
Riverside, on the Birdville road, about two and 
a half miles northeast of Fort Worth. This, 
is a well settled and prosperous community, 
and although he began his business with a mod- 
est stock, he has gradually built up a large and 
substantial trade drawn from the citizens of this 
portion of the county, and in fact has made a 
signal success as a merchant, enjoying the com- 
plete confidence of the people. And this fact 
is also worthy of note in his career, that he is 
a self-made man, who began life with nothing 
as far as money was concerned, but relying 
upon industry and careful management, has 
founded a substantial business and gained a 
well deserved prosperity. He now owns valu- 
able property interests in the neighborhood of 
his home, and these pieces of real estate, being 
situated in a rich section and so conveniently 
distant from Fort Worth, are in the midst of a 
favorite suburban residence and consequently 
are increasing in value with every month. 

Mr. Cartwright was married in Tarrant coun- 
ty, December 23, 1886, to Miss Dona Autry, a 
native of Georgia. They have seven children : 
Harvey, Bertha, Mary Lou, Paul, Georgia, Ina 
and Dona. Mr. Cartwright is a member of the 
Methodist church. 

JUDGE LINUS S. KINDER, prominent 
lawyer of West Texas, has been identified with 
the town of Plainview and Hale county since 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



143 



they came into organized existence about 1888. 
He has been elected to offices of trust, has been 
favored with an extensive legal business, and 
in all the activities of a busy and useful career 
has made a reputation for fidelity to duty and 
high integrity and personal worth. 

He was born in 1865 in Cape county, Mis- 
souri, where his family Were among the very 
earliest settlers, and that section of the state 
has been adorned by worthy men and women 
of the name for more than a century. It is 
stated that on Christmas day of the year 1800, 
three years before Napoleon transferred the 
great country west of the Mississippi to the 
United States government, the paternal grand- 
father of the present Judge Kinder, who was 
a native of North Carolina, crossed the Mis- 
sissippi river at the point where Chester, Illi- 
nois, now stands, and continued thence on his 
way to Cape county, Missouri, where he became 
a settler, first under French dominion and later 
under the stars and stripes. 

Judge Kinder's parents were W. F. and Mary 
E. (Clippard) Kinder. His father was born in 
Cape county, and died in 1902 in the adjoining 
county of Bollinger. He was a lifelong mer- 
chant in Cape and Bollinger counties, and was 
a prominent and well known man all through 
southeastern Missouri. The mother, who is 
still living in Bollinger county, was a native 
of North Carolina, and her family too were 
among the early pioneer settlers of Cape 
county. 

After receiving a good public school educa- 
tion Judge Kinder spent about six years in 
study at the Missouri State University at Co- 
lumbia, at first in the classical and scientific 
departments and then in the law department, 
being graduated from the latter in 1887, at the 
age of twenty-two. In the same year of his 
graduation he came to Texas, and after prac- 
ticing law for awhile in Dallas county he came 
to Plainview, Hale county, in September, 1888. 
The county had been organized only in the 
preceding August, and he has been identified 
with it as one of the pioneer lawyers through- 
out the subsequent years. In 1892 he was elect- 
ed district attorney for the fiftieth judicial dis- 
trict, comprising thirteen counties in West 
Texas, and in 1894 he was elected without op- 
position, serving four years altogether. For 
one term he served as county attorney of Hale 
county. He is one of the leading lawyers of 
the plains country, and has a large and lucra- 
tive practice. 

Judge Kinder is prominent in Masonic work, 
and has attained the Royal Arch degrees in 



the order. In 1890 he was the leader in the 
efforts by which was organized at Plainview the 
first Masonic lodge in this country west of 
Hardeman county. Judge Kinder was married 
at Plainview to Miss Mary L. Rhodes, a na- 
tive of Bollinger county, Missouri, and they 
have two daughters, May and Lucile. 

EDWIN T. READ, M. D., successfully en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine at Keller and 
recognized as the leading member of the pro- 
fession there, has through his skill and ability 
gained marked prestige and an enviable reputa- 
tion. In addition to his private practice he is 
serving as attending physician to the Tarrant 
county hospital, to which he was appointed in 
November, 1903. His residence in Texas dates 
from 1886, at which time he took up his abode 
in Tarrant county, living for a brief period 
five miles east of Keller, where he practiced 
until he took up his abode in the village. Since 
that time he has remained continuously in Tar- 
rant county with the exception of several years 
spent in Kaufman county, Texas. 

Dr. Read is a native of Calhoun county, Ala- 
bama, born on the third of December, 1858. 
His father, the Rev. Edwin T. Read, D. D., a 
well known Baptist clergyman of his time, lived 
and labored in the ministry in Alabama and 
was also prominent and influential in public 
affairs there, serving at one time as a member 
of the state legislature. He filled the office dur- 
ing the period of the Civil war and he was ever 
a man firm in support of his honest convic- 
tions, his influence being a strong support to the 
truth, justice and right. 

Dr. Read was reared in the county of his na- 
tivity and after acquiring his preliminary edu- 
cation continued his studies in the state normal 
school at Jacksonville, Alabama. Determining 
upon a professional career as a life work and 
thinking that he would find the practice of medi- 
cine congenial, he became a student in the Hospi- 
tal Medical College at Louisville, Kentucky, in 
1882, attending that institution for three con- 
secutive years, after which he was graduated 
with the degree cf M. D. in May, 1884. While 
in that institution he also took a special course 
in physical diagnosis. 

Subsequent to his graduation Dr. Read locat- 
ed for practice at Germania, Calhoun countv, 
Alabama, where he remained for a time and 
then came to Texas, as before stated, making his 
home in Tarrant county since 1886 and gradu- 
ally working his way upward in his profes- 
sion until he is now recognized as one of its 
most capable representatives in this county. 



144 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



By continued reading and investigation he has 
kept in touch with the progress made by the 
medical fraternity. He belongs to the Texas 
State Medical Association and the Tarrant 
County Medical Association and he is local 
examining physician for the New York Life 
Insurance Company, for the Maccabees at Kel- 
ler and the Woodmen of the World. Of the 
last named he is a member and he also belongs 
to the Masonic lodge at Roanoke. 

In June, 1888, Dr. Read was married to Miss 
Nanny Price of Keller, Texas, and they have 
four children: Mabel, Pelham, Edwin T. and 
Zoe. The doctor belongs to the Missionary 
Baptist church at Keller and is a gentleman 
highly esteemed and respected socially, while 
the consensus of public opinion regarding his 
professional ability is most favorable and he is 
therefore enjoying a large and lucrative prac- 
tice in his locality. 

COLONEL MARION SANSON. In the 
history of the business interests of Tarrant 
county the name of Colonel Marion Sanson is 
well and favorably known, for through a num- 
ber of years he has been one of its leading 
financiers, progressive, enterprising and perse- 
vering. Such qualities always win success, and 
to Mr. Sanson they have brought a handsome 
competence as the reward of his well directed 
efforts. A native son of the Lone Star state, he 
was born in Madison county, June 20, 1853, a 
son of R. P. and Susan (Manning) Sanson. The 
father was born in Tennessee, but was one of 
the early pioneers to Texas, having located in 
this state as early as 1836, a short time before 
its independence from Mexico. He first took 
up his abode in Nacogdoches county, but in 1859 
removed to Alvarado in Johnson county, which 
was then on the frontier, and there he spent 
the remainder of his life. He was a successful 
farmer and stockman. His wife, who also died 
in Alvarado, was a native of Texas, her birth 
occurring in Guadalupe county, near where the 
town of Gonzales is now located, being the 
daughter of Stephen Manning, who was one of 
those obliged to flee from Mexican soldiers in 
the skirmishing preceding the fight for Texas 
independence. 

Mr. Marion Sanson was reared to manhood 
on his father's' farm, early inured to the duties 
of a farmer and stockman, and until November, 
1902, his home was at Alvarado, Johnson coun- 
ty, where for many years he was a prominent 
business man, still retaining many of his inter- 
ests there. For a number of years past he has 
been interested in the banking business, in oil 



mills and in the live stock trade, being 
president of the local, oil mill company, 
an officer in a bank, connected with other 
business enterprises and owning a fine 
farm and stock. In November, 1902, Mr. 
Sanson took up his abode in Fort Worth, and 
from that time on has been enlarging his busi- 
ness connections here. In 1903, in connection 
with the Swift and Armour packing house in- 
terests, he organized and became the first presi- 
dent of the Stock Yards National Bank in North 
Fort Worth, but resigned this position in Jan- 
uary, 1905, although he still retains a director- 
ship in the institution. He is also a director of 
the State National Bank of Fort Worth; a 
member of the firm of Cassidy-Southwestern 
Commission Company, live stock commission- 
ers in North Fort Worth ; also a member of the 
firm of M. Sanson & Company, wholesale deal- 
ers in hay, grain and feed at North Fort Worth ; 
and president of the Fort Worth Live Stock 
Commission Company of Kansas City. De- 
pending upon his own resources, Mr. Sanson 
has been steadily advancing to a place of promi- 
nence both in the commercial and political cir- 
cles of Fort Worth, which city owes much to 
him on account of his connection with her busi- 
ness interests. 

While residing in Alvarado he was married to 
Miss Eliza Powel, she being a daughter of 
Rev. John Powel, a noted minister in the earlier 
days, well known in Louisiana and Texas. They 
have three children — Mrs. Winnifred Schultz, 
Marion Sanson, Jr., and Nina Sanson. At his 
old home in Johnson county Mr. Sanson was 
prominent in politics, never, however, as an of- 
fice seeker but in managerial and advisory ca- 
pacities. He has been for a number of years 
the chairman of the Board of Directors of the 
Texas Agricultural and Mechanical College, 
and was at one time the mayor of Alvarado. 
He is a Knight Templar Mason, and a member 
of Ben Hur Temple of the Mystic Shrine at 
Dallas, and is also a member of the Knights 
of Pythias and Odd Fellows fraternity. In all 
interests he has been eminently practical, and 
this has not only manifested itself in his busi- 
ness undertakings, but also in private and social 
life. 

HON. WILLIAM LAFAYETTE BLAN- 
TON. Prominent as a representative of the 
Texas bar and one of the most influentially active 
members of the state legislature, Hon. W. L. 
Blanton, of Gainesville, was born at Unionville, 
Bedford county, Tennessee, December 28, 1851. 
A career of unusual usefulness both from a pub- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



MS 



lie and individual standpoint has been afforded 
him, and thirty years of practice at Gainesville 
has given him prestige as a leader of the North 
Texas legal fraternity. 

Well anchored in the past as well as in the 
present, Mr. Blanton comes of a family whose 
connections are of historic interest and the worth 
and integrity of whose individual members have 
been rigidly upheld for many generations. He is 
a son of Captain William C. and Elizabeth (Til- 
ford) Blanton, of an old Tennessee family. His 
father, born in Tennessee in 1817, was, prior 
to 1861, largely engaged in the manufacture 
of wagons and buggies, and thereby became 
wealthy. During the war he organized a com- 
pany and captained the same in the Twenty-third 
Tennessee Infantry. After the war he served as 
tax collector of Bedford county two terms, was 
county trustee one term, and died at Unionville, 
in October, 1887, one of the most esteemed and 
universally admired citizens of that part of the 
state. He was a Master Mason, an Odd Fellow 
and a member of the Methodist church. The 
Blantons came to Tennessee from Virginia, 
grandfather Meredith Blanton having been born 
in Lynchburg, that state. As a soldier in the 
war of 1812 he had been wounded and for many 
years was a pensioner. He lived to the extreme 
age of ninety-four, passing away in 1874, while 
his wife, Nancy (Crisp) Blanton, of Scotch- 
Irish ancestry, died at the age of ninety. Captain 
Blanton's wife was born in Bedford county, Ten- 
nessee, and died at Unionville in 1895. 

Mr. Blanton spent his early youth in his native 
county, receiving his education in Unionville 
Academy. He gained entrance into the legal pro- 
fession entirely by his own efforts, and inde- 
pendence, resourcefulness and industrious appli- 
cation have been the qualities which have brought 
him to the front in his career. In 1870 he came 
to Texas, being then a youth of nineteen, and 
since 1873 has been permanently located at 
Gainesville. He took up his law studies in the 
office of his brother, Judge Elisha A. Blanton, 
who had come to Texas in the same year with 
him. He passed satisfactory examinations and 
was admitted to the bar in January, 1874, and in 
the following March began practice at Henrietta, 
Clay county, where, however, he remained only 
one year, returning then to Gainesville. In 1880 
he was elected the first city attorney of Gaines- 
ville after the formation of its city government, 
and by subsequent elections he served in that 
capacity six years. Formerly he was a law part- 
ner of Judge J. M. Wright, and is now asso- 
ciated with T. M. Bosson in the strong firm of 



Blanton & Bosson, whose general law practice is 
one of the best in this part of the state. 

In 1904 Mr. Blanton was elected a representa- 
tive in the Twenty-ninth Texas legislature, and 
the record he has made in that honorable body 
shows how well he deserved the confidence of 
the people at the polls and also proves the value 
of a man of first-class ability and broad knowl- 
edge in the halls of state legislation. He is a 
member of the judiciary committee No. 1, per- 
haps the most important committee of the house, 
and also of the committees on private corpora- 
tions, on state affairs, municipal corporations, and 
stock and stock-raising. His most noteworthy 
work in the session was as joint author of the well 
known Bank Bill, called the Webb-Shannon-Blan- 
ton Bank Bill, which provides for the establish- 
ment of state banks (which do not now exist in 
Texas), with capitals from ten to fifty thousand 
dollars ; also providing for savings banks and 
trust companies, the object being to provide bank- 
ing institutions that can handle matters outside of 
the jurisdiction of national banks, thus facilitat- 
ing business, and also for the promotion of thrift 
and economy arising from the establishment of 
savings banks. This bill passed both house and 
senate. Mr. Blanton also introduced in the house 
a pure-food bill, a measure of conceded value to 
the people of the state, and which was passed by 
the house and favorably reported in the senate, 
but failed of final passage, being crowded out in 
the closing rush. Another measure introduced 
by Mr. Blanton and passed is the cocaine bill, 
regulating the sale of narcotics, cocaine and mor- 
phine. An important measure which he prepared 
and secured its passage through the house, but 
which failed to get through the senate, was the 
bill to regulate the sale and redemption of rail- 
road tickets, the object being to lessen the re- 
strictions and technicalities attached to railroad 
tickets, providing for the redemption of unused 
portions of tickets and making them good for use 
by any one. This is a much needed law, and if 
placed on the statute books would confer immeas- 
urable benefit upon the great traveling public. 

October 7, 1884, Mr. Blanton married Miss 
Sarah E. Allen, of St. Louis. She was the daugh- 
ter of George O. and Julia O. (Whitney) Allen, 
both representing old and prominent American 
families. Her father was born in Boston in 1826, 
accompanied his parents to St. Louis in 1838, 
and, becoming an architect by profession, planned 
and built some of the handsomest edifices of St. 
Louis. He died in that city in 1870, leaving two 
children, Mrs. Blanton and Rev. Lyman W. Al- 
len. The latter, a graduate of Princeton and for 
several years pastor of a Presbyterian church in 



146 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



St. Louis, is now pastoral head of the South Park 
Presbyterian church, the most prominent con- 
gregation of that denomination in Newark, New 
Jersey, and he now ranks among the leading 
divines of the Presbyterian church in this coun- 
try. Mrs. Blanton's mother, who married George 
O. Allen in New York City in 1853, was a daugh- 
ter of Rev. Dewey and Mildred R. (Thornton) 
Whitney. Her father, a graduate of Yale and 
also a Presbyterian clergyman, was born in Marl- 
borough, Vermont, and was the son of Jonas 
Whitney, a soldier of the Revolutionary War; 
while her mother, Mildred Thornton, was a 
daughter of Colonel William Thornton, of Vir- 
ginia, a soldier in the war of 1812. Mrs. Blanton 
was, through her ancestral connections, a mem- 
ber of the Daughters of the American Revolution. 
She attended school in St. Louis, and was a wo- 
man of high intellectual ideals and a factor in so- 
cial affairs in her home city. Mrs. Blanton died 
August 2, 1905. 

JAMES E. DALE, representing an honored 
family of Texas and widely known as a promi- 
nent cattle rancher, was born in Jasper county, 
Missouri, August 9, 1858. His parents were 
John B. and Sarah (Halsell) Dale, both of 
whom were natives of Tennessee, their mar- 
riage being celebrated in Missouri. The pater- 
nal grandparents were Thomas and Eliza (Bur- 
ns) Dale, the former a native of Tennessee, and 
the latter of Kentucky. The grandfather was a 
soldier of the war of 1812 and he removed from 
Tennessee to Missouri when it was a new coun- 
try, in which the work of improvement and 
upbuilding had scarcely been begun. He be- 
came a prominent farmer and slave owner 
here and he exerted considerable influence in 
matters of local moment. His political allegi- 
ance was given to the Democracy and he filled 
a number of official positions and was also 
widely known and highly respected because of 
his reliability in every relation of life. He was 
regarded as one of the solid men of the county 
financially but during the period of the Civil 
war he lost heavily as the result of the disasters 
and adversities caused by the struggle. Sub- 
sequently he removed to Texas, where he and 
his wife both died. He was eighty-five and 
she seventy-five. They were consistent mem- 
bers of the Christian church and their lives were 
permeated by their religious faith. In their 
family were the following named: John B. ; 
James, who died in Texas ; Thomas, who was 
killed while serving in the Confederate army in 
the Civil war, and he served as sheriff in Jas- 



per county, Missouri; Mrs. Jettie Burton; and 
Mrs. Martha McFatridge. 

John B. Dale was reared and educated in 
Tennessee and accompanied his father's fam- 
ily on their removal to Missouri. Following 
his marriage he began the struggle of life upon 
his own account in that state. He was engaged 
at various times in merchandising, farming, 
mining and trading, and was the first to open 
up lead mines at Granby, Missouri, and started 
the first lead mines in Missouri. He continued in 
trading operations until after the breaking out of 
the Civil war, when he volunteered his services 
in General Joe Shelby's brigade. He was detailed 
by his general to serve on his staff, in which po- 
sition-he served throughout the hostilities. 

He underwent all the deprivations and hard- 
ships that were meted out to a soldier and not 
only suffered upon the field of battle but his 
property in Missouri was also confiscated and 
his fortune gone. The family suffered so great- 
ly in that locality that in 1863 they left Mis- 
souri and came to Texas, first settling in Col- 
lin county, while subsequent to the war they 
removed to Fannin county. Mr. Dale had lost 
everything save his strong determination to 
overcome the difficulties. His first effort was 
the building of two bridges under contract, af- 
ter which he engaged in merchandising at La- 
donia. Subsequently he built a flour mill, saw- 
mill and cotton gin and operated here for a 
number of years with a gratifying measure of 
success. Subsequently he abandoned mer- 
chandising and gave his attention to the cat- 
tle business, purchasing large herds of cattle 
which he drove to Missouri and Ohio and sold 
for feeding purposes. He continued in that 
business for a number of years and was quite 
a successful trader. He afterward engaged in 
feeding cattle for himself in Texas, giving his 
time and attention to that work for a number 
of years, conducting his ranching operations in 
connection with his son, James E. They pur- 
chased two large ranches, comprising thirty- 
five thousand acres, and in 1900 the Dale Land 
& Cattle Company was incorporated with the 
father as president and James E. Dale as gen- 
eral manager. They are not only extensively 
engaged in raising and feeding cattle, but are 
also largely raising wheat, oats and corn and 
Milo maize. In the two ranches there are 
over two thousand acres under cultivation and 
success has attended the enterprise almost from 
the beginning. There has p^ver been a com- 
plete failure in crops and Mr. Dale regards 
this as a safe cotton country. It is always 
possible to raise plenty for the support of the 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



147 



family and stock and Texas gives promise of 
still greater development and progress in the 
future. Clay county is one of the compara- 
tively new counties of the commonwealth but 
its possibilities are being rapidly demonstrated 
and it gives good returns for the care and labor 
bestowed upon field and pasture here. Mr. 
Dale has never failed to raise a good corn crop 
and is thereby enabled to fatten his hogs for 
the market. 

John B. Dale has always made his home in 
Bonham, where he yet resides, and in addition 
to his agricultural interests he is engaged in 
merchandising. He is now in his eightieth 
year, a hale and hearty man, who in spirit and 
interests is yet in his prime. He is a stanch 
Democrat, believing firmly in the principles of 
the party, and while in Missouri he represented 
his district in the state legislature but since 
coming to Texas has always avoided office. He 
is a broad-minded man, active and enterprising, 
a capable financier, practical and progressive in 
his business methods, and a man of wide and 
favorable acquaintance, commanding the con- 
fidence and respect of all with whom he has 
come in contact. He is a consistent member of 
the Christian church. In 1900 he was called 
upon to mourn the loss of his wife, who was a 
daughter of John Halsell, who removed from 
Tennessee to Missouri, where he was a farmer 
and slave owner. In early life he had learned 
the cabinet maker's trade. Subsequent to the 
Civil war he removed to Texas in order to re- 
cuperate his fortune which had been devastated 
through the hardships wrought by the long 
strife. He was too old to enter the army but 
three of his sons became Confederate soldiers. 
After removing to Texas he met with very 
gratifying success in his business affairs and 
eventually built up a good estate. He, too, 
was a devoted member of the Christian church. 
In his family were six children : Mrs. Sarah 
Dale ; Martin, deceased ; Edward, who is living 
in this state ; Amanda, who died in early life ; 
Mary, the wife of Dr. Burton; and Thomas, 
who was killed in the army. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Dale were born seven chil- 
dren : Mary, the wife of Major Young; Mrs. 
Amanda McQuigg; Rebecca, who died unmar- 
ried ; Sally, the wife of J. C. Nunn ; Thomas, a 
farmer and trader of Bonham, Texas ; James 
E., of this review; and J. B., who is living in 
Greenville, Texas. 

James E. Dale, whose name introduces this 
review, spent the days of his boyhood and 
youth in his father's home, attended the com- 
mon schools and became his father's assistant 



in business. They have since been associated 
and he has continued in his trading and has 
assisted materially in the development of his 
portion of Texas and has been a leading factor 
in the upbuilding of an extensive land and cat- 
tle business. At the organization of the Dale 
Land & Cattle Company he was made general 
manager and he is making a success of his work. 
In addition to the cultivation of his fields he 
has large herds of cattle, also hogs and horses. 
He owns a fine stallion and also a jack and in 
his stock-breeding and stock-raising has met 
with excellent success. He has given strict at- 
tention to his business and his intelligence, 
sound judgment and enterprise are strong ele- 
ments in his prosperity. 

In February, 1898, Mr. Dale was united in 
marriage to Miss Texas Talley, who was born 
in Bell county, this state, in 1875, and is a 
daughter of B. T. and Susan (Newton) Talley, 
both of whom were natives of Tennessee but 
were married at Bonham, Texas, while subse- 
quently they settled on a farm in Bell county, 
this state. Later, however, they returned to 
Bonham, where they now reside, Mr. Talley 
being a trader there. He had three brothers 
who served in the Confederate army in the 
Civil war, Lee, Allen and William, two of 
whom are in Texas and one in the Indian 
Territory. Mrs. Talley is a member of the 
Methodist church. The children in their fam- 
ily are: Mrs. Dale; Robert, who is living in 
Bonham ; Richard, who resides at Waco ; and 
Parker and Henry, both of whom live at Bon- 
ham. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Dale has been 
blessed with three children: Jack, born Feb- 
rurary 25, 1900; Sarah, November vy, 1902; and 
Donald E., born January 30, 1904. Mrs. Dale 
is a member of the Methodist church. Mr. 
Dale has never been very active in politics, 
preferring to confine his attention more close- 
ly to his business interests, and his enterprise 
and keen sagacity are proving strong elements 
in the success of the Dale Land & Cattle Com- 
pany. 

RICHARD THORP GOWAN. The gen- 
tleman whose name introduces this brief rec- 
ord is the second son of Garrett H. Gowan, of 
Henrietta, and himself resides in the Friend- 
ship settlement of Clay county, seven miles 
west of Bellevue. His large farm and ranch 
was chiefly carved out of the renowned "UD" 
ranch situated on the East Fork of the Little 
Wichita river, all over which locality his boy- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



hood and youthful ramblings were wont to oc- 
cur. 

December 2, 1873, Richard T. Gowan was 
born on the North Canadian river, nine miles 
from Eufala, Indian Territory, and in October, 
1876, was brought to Clay county, Texas, and 
grew up under the protecting roof of a ranch- 
house that his father hauled, as lumber, from 
Sherman. The country school gave him his 
start toward an education, or rather the village 
school of Bellevue did, and his advanced work 
in education was done in Marmaduke Academy, 
Sweet Springs, Missouri, where he finished his 
course in 1893. He at once, upon leaving school, 
resumed his station on the "UD" ranch, where 
the cattle business has always occupied his 
time. 

In the distribution of the historic old ranch 
Mr. Gowan received two sections in the south- 
east corner of the same and under the shady 
boughs of the native oaks, near its south line, 
he built his little cottage. By the purchase of 
an additional tract his domains embrace thir- 
teen hundred and ninety-five acres of land, 
fenced, stocked and partly farmed. Like his 
brother, he is an occasional shipper of his own 
stock and his brand of bar "U" is a modification 
of the brand which brought the Gowans their 
local fame. 

December 2, 1896, Mr. Gowan mar- 
ried, in Gainesville, Texas, Mary Myr- 
tle Crozier, a daughter of Andrew and 
An in;i (Matthews) Crozier. Mr. Crozier 
came to Texas from Floydsburg, Ken- 
tucky, in 1859, and is now a resident of Belle- 
vue, Texas. For many years he was connected 
with the lumber interests of Lyon and Gribble 
in Gainesville and was married in Collin county, 
Texas. He served in a Kentucky regiment in 
the Confederate army and returned to Texas 
again soon after the close of the war. His 
children are: J. Frank, of McKinney, Texas; 
Mrs. Gowan, born in Collin county, Texas; 
January 16, 1876, and Effie D., wife of Virgil 
Harbison, of Hereford, Texas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gowan's children are : Will- 
iam Crozier, born April 22, 1898; Robert Lee, 
born January 22, 1900, and Hattie Lucile, born 
November 11, 1903. 

Mr. Gowan is one of the representative young 
Democrats of Clay county and his enthusiasm 
for the candidate of his choice for local or state 
officers has led him to find spare time to devote 
to the active promotion of their campaigns. 

JAMES E. TURNER, well known as an agri- 
culturist and representative citizen of Tarrant 



county, living in the vicinity of Smithfield, finds 
ample opportunity for the exercise of his native 
talents and powers in the supervision and con- 
duct of his valuable farming interests, which 
are represented by nearly three hundred acres 
of rich land. He is a native of Marion county, 
Missouri, where his birth occurred on the 23rd 
of October, 1842, his parents being William and 
Mary E. (Mallory) Turner. Both the father 
and mother were natives of Virginia and after 
some years' residence in Missouri they came 
with their family to Texas in 1846, making the 
journey to Dallas county, where they resided 
for a number of years. In 1856 they came to 
Tarrant county, the family home being estab- 
lished about ten miles northeast of Fort Worth 
when this was a pioneer district in which the 
work of improvement and progress had scarce- 
ly been begun. They aided in reclaiming the 
wild land for the purposes of civilization and 
their labors were a practical element in 
the general growth and improvement of the 
locality. William Turner remained upon the 
homestead farm there until his death, which 
occurred on the 28th of September, 1878, and 
wnich occasioned widespread regret because he 
had endeared himself to many friends who rec- 
ognized his loyalty to principle and his devo- 
tion to friendship as well as to the ties of 
home life. Of his family two sons yet survive, 
James E. and William H.. the latter a resi- 
dent of Comanche county, Oklahoma. 

James E. Turner, whose name introduces 
this review, was only four years of age when 
brought by his parents to Texas, and his youth 
was largely passed upon his father's farm in 
Tarrant county, where he early became famil- 
iar with the duties and labors that devolve up- 
on the agriculturist. In early life he also 
learned the blacksmith trade and for thirty 
years conducted a smithy on the farm where 
he now lives. In addition he cultivated the 
fields in successful manner and for several 
years he was engaged in carrying on a hard- 
ware business in Smithfield. He was indebt- 
ed to the early subscription schools of Dallas 
ana Tarrant counties for the educational priv- 
ileges afforded him, but, possessing an observ- 
ing eye and retentive memory, he added con- 
tinually to his knowledge and practical exper- 
ience brought him many valuable lessons. 
Moreover he found that earnest and persistent 
labor constitutes the basis of all honorable suc- 
cess and to his energy and enterprise he has 
looked for the prosnerity which is the goal of 
all business endeavor. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



149 



On the 20th of May, 1866, Mr. Turner was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary E. Paschall, 
who was born on the first of February, 1844, 
in Weakley county, Tennessee. She was a 
daughter of Patman F. and Rebecca (Kendrick) 
Paschall, the former a native of Tennessee, born 
in 1821, and the latter of Kentucky, born June 
4, 1828. With her parents she came to Texas 
when a maiden of about twelve summers, the 
family home being established in Kaufman 
county amid pioneer surroundings, and there 
Mrs. Turner was reared to womanhood. She 
was born February 1, 1844, and the vear of the 
removal of the family to Texas was 1856. Her 
father died when eighty-two years of age in the 
eastern part of this state, while her mother 
passed away in Kaufman county, aged thirty- 
six years. Mrs. Mary Turner, mother of our 
subject, now resides with him upon the home 
farm near Smithfield and on the 16th of De- 
cember, 1905, she will have attained to the 
very advanced age of eighty-six years. She is 
one of the worthy pioneer women of this sec- 
tion and has for a number of years been 1 
widow, her husband, William Turner, having 
departed this life in the seventy-eighth year of 
his age. Five children graced the marriage of 
our subject and his wife : Charles E., who is 
now living at Mineral Wells, Texas ; Mary A., 
the wife of J. H. Clark of Clarendon, this state ; 
Sarah E., the wife of Dr. W. S. French, a well- 
known physician of Republic, Missouri; Will- 
iam J., whose home is in Tarrant county; and 
Lucy R., the wife of Walter Crane of Smith- 
field, Texas. 

Since the fall of 1871 James E. Turner has 
resided upon the farm which he yet makes his 
home. He is one of the representative agricul- 
turists of the community, carefully conducting 
his business interests which now return to him 
a gratifying income annually. Interested in 
all that pertains to the general welfare, his aid 
and co-operation have been given to movements 
for the public good and he is especially strong 
in his advocacy of the public schools system. He 
belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church, 
South, of Smithfield, and he saw military ser- 
vice in the Civil war, being for four years a 
member of the Confederate army, during which 
time he took part in several minor battles and 
in many skirmishes, continuing with his regi- 
ment until the close of hostilities. There are 
many elements in his life record well worthy 
of emulation and the strong characteristics of 
an honorable manhood constitute him a valued 
citizen of Tarrant county. 



JOHN B. DUNCAN. A gentleman well and 
favorably known to the citizenship of Belle- 
vue and one whose career in Clay county has 
been filled with deeds accomplished in the 
course of an honorable and industrious liveli- 
hood, is he whose name is presented in the in- 
troduction to this article. Coming to the state 
in 1882, poor in purse but rich in the physical, 
mental and spiritual qualities necessary to 
every successful and worthy citizen, he set, un- 
consciously, to the task of carving for himself 
and his dependents a modest and comfortable 
abiding-place and the establishment of a good 
name and a character above reproach. How well 
he has done in the achievement of his early am- 
bitions, the unrecorded testimony of a com- 
munity of friends will suffice to reveal. 

May 3, 1856, John B. Duncan was born irt 
Cobb county, Georgia, where his father, Perry 
Duncan, settled as an emigrant from the state 
of South Carolina. The latter was born in 
1809, was a husbandman and was killed while 
serving in the Confederate army, in 1865. Flis 
ancestors were of Scotch-Irish origin and his 
forefathers settled in North Carolina, from 
wrtence his father, Samuel Duncan, migrated 
to South Carolina, finally settling in Georgia, 
where his death occurred at the great age of 
ninety-seven years. 

Perry Duncan married Sallie Bly, who sur- 
vived him four years and died at forty-eight 
years of age. Their sons and daughters were : 
Georgie, unmarried and residing with our sub- 
ject: Robert J., who died in California, leav- 
ing a family; Virginia, who died in Bellevue, 
as Mrs. T. M. Donnor, leaving two children ; 
John B., of this notice; Alvin, who died with- 
out issue ; Susan, wife of William Johnson, 
of Bellevue ; and Mark, of Fort Worth, Texas. 

In his youth John B. Duncan learned the 
necessity and importance of labor and when 
young he learned the trade of stationary en- 
gineer and at thirteen years old took charge of 
an engine in a gold mine in his native county 
in Georgia. His trade, in the main, has pro- 
vided him with a livelihood through life and 
when he reached Clay county from Cherokee 
county, Georgia, his first work was that of run- 
ning the waterworks pump of the Fort Worth 
and Denver City Railway Company, at Belle- 
vue, which work has ever since been in his 
charge. 

Seeing the necessity of a gin in the new 
town of Bellevue in 1884, Mr. Duncan built a 
two-stand plant and operated it until the 
amount of cotton raised and tributary to this 
point was in excess of the capacity of the gin 



15° 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



when it was remodeled and increased to dou- 
ble its original size. This plant he operated in 
company with Mr. Webb until February, 1905, 
when he exchanged his interest in the gin for 
land and is now the proprietor of more than 
a section of rich and productive soil near his 
little town. He owns a commodious home on 
one of the conspicuous sites of the village, and, 
lying adjacent to it. is a tract of a little more 
than a quarter section of his land. 

Mr. Duncan was united in marriage, in 
Cherokee county, Georgia, with Miss Eunice 
Wood. The ceremony was performed by Rev. 
Akeman, at the home of Enoch and Sallie 
(Carney) Wood, the bride's parents. Mr. and 
Mrs. Wood were South Carolina people and 
both are deceased, leaving children, viz : Ada- 
line, wife of George Fredonby, of Rome, Geor- 
gia ; John, who died at Rome, leaving a family 
there; Mary and Columbus, of Cartersville, 
Georgia ; Napoleon, of Navajo, Oklahoma ; Mrs. 
Duncan, born September 27, 1862; Amanda, 
wife of Levi Godfrey, and James and Emma, 
of Cartersville; Warren, of Hartshorn, Indian 
Territory, and Ella, of Hartshorn, wife of Ed 
Grady. 

Mr. and Mrs. Duncan's children are : Mason, 
who died in 1890 at ten years of age; Ida, born 
1883; Freddie, born 1884, died the next year; 
William A., born February 27, 1885 ; John, 
March 1, 1887: May and Fay, October 9, 
1889, twins — the latter deceased; Mark 
Grady. January 5, 1892; Annie, July 30, 
1894; Amos; Lucy, October 27, 1899, 
and R. J., April 26, 1902. Mr. and Mrs. 
Duncan were married May 9, 1879, an d their 
quarter of a century of married life has conse- 
quently been celebrated. They have reared, 
and are rearing, their children to become use- 
ful and honorable men and women and all are 
happily ensconced under the parental roof. 

WILLIAM W. TRIPPET, a retired mer- 
chant of Fort Worth but still actively connect- 
ed with mercantile interests in Altus, Greer 
county, Oklahoma, is better known in the for- 
mer city as Buck Trippet, by which name he is 
recorded in the city directory. He has lived 
in Fort Worth since 1868 and is one of the 
prominent representatives of commercial life 
here. A native of Missouri, his birth occurred 
near Versailles, Morgan countv, Ausfust 16, 
1843, his parents being Aaron and Martha 
(Ingram) Trippet. The father belonged to an 
old Virginian family and at an early day be- 
came a resident of Missouri. Throughout his 



entire life he has followed merchandising and 
now at an advanced age he is still conducting 
a mercantile enterprise at Waxahachie, Texas. 
For more than sixty years he has been selling 
goods, and his business record is a most 
creditable one. He began merchandising in 
Versailles, Missouri, and subsequently con- 
tinued business in the same line in Osceola, St. 
Clair county, that state. Soon after the war 
he arrived in Texas. His resources had all 
been swept away by the depredations of Gen- 
eral Jim Lane in southwestern Missouri, but 
here he made a new start and he has prospered 
as the years have gone by. His wife, who was 
born in Alabama, is now deceased. 

Mr. Trippet of this review, like his father, 
has devoted his life to merchandising. He was 
associated with him in business until about ten 
years prior to the Civil war, when they re- 
moved from Versailles to Osceola, Missouri, 
and while living there W. W. Trippet joined 
the Confederate army. He remained in that 
state for only a brief period, however, after 
which he came south to Texas and at Pilot 
Point, Denton county, he enlisted in the Twen- 
ty-ninth Texas Cavalry, serving throughout 
the remainder of the war in the Trans-Missis- 
sippi department, principally in the Indian Ter- 
ritory and Arkansas. He saw active and se- 
vere service, undergoing all the hardships, pri- 
vations and dangers of war and he was five 
times wounded during his military career. He 
took part in the battles of Poison Springs, Cab- 
in Creek and other engagements, including the 
fighting around Camden, Arkansas, where 
Steele tried to go to the relief of Bank's army. 

When the war was over Mr. Trippet returned 
to Missouri, but when a brief period had elapsed 
he, like his father, came to Texas, and since 
1868 has made his home in Fort Worth, be- 
ing one of the oldest living merchants of the 
town. At the time of his arrival there were 
but a few straggling store buildings around the 
court house square and Mr. Trippet has much 
to tell concerning the appreciation of realty 
values, for in the early days property that now 
commands high prices could be purchased for a 
nominal sum. Embarking in the hardware 
trade in Fort Worth he conducted his store for 
about twenty years and for fifteen or sixteen 
years occupied the well known corner of the 
court house square and Houston street. Some 
time ago he retired from business in Fort 
Worth and with his son, A. T. Trippet, estab- 
lished a general store at Altus, Greer county, 
Oklahoma, which is a successful enterprise. 




I .*'■ 



JWJiuM^^ 




HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



W 



However, he retains his residence in Fort 
Worth, spending only a part of his time in 
Altus. 

Mr. Trippet married Miss Lucy Andrews, 
December 1, 1868, a native of Kentucky, and 
they have six children : Mrs. Effie Porter, 
George, Mrs. Catharine Swan, Aaron T., Mrs. 
Clyde Martin and Nellie. For thirty years Mr. 
Trippet has been a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and in his life exemplifies the benefi- 
cent spirit of the craft. Throughout an ac- 
tive business career his labors have been care- 
fully directed by his sound judgment and keen 
discrimination, and through his utilization of 
opportunity, combined with unremitting dili- 
gence, he has gained success that classes him 
with the substantial residents of this part of the 
state. 

HENRY A. MULHOLLAND is now city 
assessor and collector of North Fort Worth. He 
has also operated in real estate here and the rap- 
id settlement and growth of Texas has furnished 
an excellent field for success to the real estate 
dealer who possesses marked enterprise, keen dis- 
cernment and executive ability. Mr. Mulholland 
was born in Dayton, Ohio, December 30, 1839, 
and is of Irish lineage, his parents, Roland and 
Margaret J. (McCaffery) Mulholland, having 
been born and reared in county Derry, Ireland. 
The father was a brick mason and builder by 
trade, and his last years were spent in Piqua, 
Ohio, while his wife died at Richmond, Indiana. 

Henry A. Mulholland was yet a young lad 
when his parents removed from his native state 
to Richmond, Indiana. He was living near Day- 
ton, Ohio, however, in 1853, and was there em- 
ployed on a farm. From that place he went to 
Defiance, Ohio, where he remained until 1855, 
after which he returned to Richmond for a brief 
period. His next home was in Preble county, 
Ohio, and in October, 1859, while living there, 
he became connected with the railroad business, 
in which he was engaged almost continuously un- 
til 1895 with the exception of the period of the 
Civil War. 

When the country became involved in hostili- 
ties following the attempt at secession made by 
the southern states, Mr. Mulholland joined the 
Federal army, enlisting at New Paris, Preble 
county, Ohio, as a member of Company C, Fif- 
tieth Ohio Infantry, under Captain McGraw. He 
was with his command for more than three years, 
operating in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama and 
Georgia. The regiment was at first attached to 
McCook's corps, Tenth Division, Thirty-fourth 
Brigade, and the first important battle in which 



Mr. Mulholland participated was at Perryville, 
Kentucky, on the 8th of October, 1862. Later the 
regiment was detached from this brigade and as- 
signed to the duty of guarding trestles on the 
Louisville & Nashville Railroad, thirty-six miles 
south of the former city. This was in 1863 and 
about that time a battalion of engineers was or- 
ganized at Camp Nelson, Ohio, comprising two 
companies of three hundred men selected from 
detachments from the Twenty-third Army Corps. 
These men whom Mr. Mulholland joined were 
mustered in independently just as a regiment un- 
der a regular army officer, Captain O. M. Poe, 
and the subject of this review thus remained 
with the battalion, which was attached to the 
army under General John M. Schofield, during 
the remainder of the war. He retained his con- 
nection officially, however, with his original com- 
pany and regiment and was discharged from the 
same at the close of hostilities. In August, 1863, 
his command crossed the mountains to Knoxville 
and went into that city just as General Buckner 
left it. He was at Knoxville during the siege in 
November and December, 1863, and in the spring 
of 1864 with his command was ordered to join 
Sherman's forces at Red Clay Station and take 
part in the campaign leading up to the battle of 
Atlanta. Subsequent to that engagement Mr. 
Mulholland's battalion went with the Twenty- 
third and fourth Corps to Nashville to check the 
advance of Hood and engage in the battle of 
Franklin and later in the battle of Nashville. 
From the latter place they went to Clifton, on the 
Tennessee river, thence to Cincinnati, on to Co- 
lumbus and later to Washington. Subsequently 
they were sent to Moorehead City, North Caro- 
lina, to Kingston, Goldsboro and Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and thus approached the time when the 
war ended, Mr. Mulholland being honorably dis- 
charged at David Island, New York, on the 10th 
of June, 1865. Returning to his home in Ohio, 
Mr. Mulholland resumed railroading, holding 
different positions, such as foreman and road- 
master, on different lines throughout the country, 
but also connected with the track department. 
His first work in railroading service was on what 
was then known as the Eaton & Hamilton Rail- 
road, now a part of the Big Four system. He 
was afterward on the old Indiana Central, run- 
nine between Indianapolis and Columbus, this 
road being eventually merged into the Pittsburg, 
Columbus, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Rail- 
road, and eventually becoming a part of the 
Pennsylvania system. He was first made foreman 
in the track department of that road in 1866 and 



152 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



occupied similar positions in that part of the 
country for several years. 

On the 29th of August, 1883, Mr. Mulholland 
reached Fort Worth, Texas, and in this state he 
was roadmaster at two different times on the 
Gould system. In the fall of 1895, however, he 
retired from railroad service and took up his 
abode permanently in North Fort Worth. He 
purchased property here in 1891 and subsequent- 
ly he bought other real estate interests, his prop- 
erty becoming greatly enhanced in value through 
the rapid growth of the town following the build- 
ing of the new stock yards and the great packing 
houses. His real estate interests are now quite 
important and represent a large investment. The 
care of his property claimed his time until he en- 
tered the office of city assessor and collector of 
North Fort Worth, to which position he was ap- 
pointed in 1903, and in April, 1904, when the 
office had been regularly provided for by law, he 
was elected for the regular term of two years. 
He is a capable official, his services giving com- 
plete satisfaction to the citizens of his adopted 
town. 

Mr. Mulholland was married to Miss Anne 
McNally, who is a native of Ireland, and they 
have three children : Mrs. Margaret Lydon, of 
North Fort Worth ; John F., who is in the audit- 
or's office of the Frisco system at Fort Worth; 
and Joseph A., who is joint agent of the Frisco 
and Cotton Belt railroads at North Fort Worth. 
Dependent upon his own resources from early life 
Mr. Mulholland has made consecutive advance- 
ment in his business career and today occupies 
an enviable position as a substantial real estate 
dealer and representative citizen of North Fort 
Worth. 

EDD ANDREWS, a popular citizen of Tar- 
rant county and a member of the board of 
commissioners, makes his home a short dis- 
tance south of Grapevine, where his farm of 
two hundred acres indicates in its splendid ap- 
pearance his careful supervision and practical 
and progressive methods. He was born in this 
county, April 18, 1862, his parents being Jabez 
B. and Annie M. (Burgoon) Andrews, who 
were natives of Illinois and came to Texas in 
1850, being early settlers of Tarrant county, 
their home being near Grapevine. The father 
became prominent and influential in the com- 
munity and positions of public trust were con- 
ferred upon him, including that of commis- 
si! >ner, in which capacity he served for sev- 
eral years, discharging his duties with prompt- 
ness and fidelity. He voted with the Democ- 
racy and he passed away several years ago, 



aged fifty-eight years. Such has been his value 
in citizenship and his reliability in business life 
that his death was the occasion of deep and 
widespread regret. He held membership in 
the Methodist Episcopal church at Grapevine 
and left to his family the priceless heritage of 
an untarnished name. Three of his children 
survive : Edd, of this review ; William W., who 
is living at Lawton, Oklahoma; and Walter M., 
a resident of Tarrant county. 

Edd Andrews spent the days of his boyhood 
and youth in the usual manner of farm lads in 
Texas. He was educated in the public school of 
Grapevine and when not busy with his text 
books was trained to the work of the home 
farm. On attaining his majority he determined 
to make the occupation to which he had been 
reared his life work and has always given his 
attention to general agricultural pursuits, own- 
ing now two hundred acres of rich and valu- 
able land a short distance south of the town, 
where he is successfully interested in general 
farming. 

On the fifteenth of December, 1883, Mr. An- 
drews was married to Miss Fanny C. Newton, 
a native of Tarrant county and a daughter of 
Thomas Newton, who for many years resided 
here but has now passed away. Six children 
were born of this union: Nellie W., Katie B., 
Louis E., Armine A., Lea and Harold, all at 
home at present. 

Mr. Andrews has served as a trustee of the 
school district in which he makes his home 
and the cause of education finds in him a warm 
and stalwart friend, who has done effective ser- 
vice in its behalf. He is now serving for the 
second term as commissioner of Tarrant coun- 
ty, his re-election coming to him in recognition 
of his faithful service during the first term. He 
belongs to Grapevine lodge, No. 288, A. F. & A. 
M. and is a member of the Farmers' Union, 
while in politics he is a Democrat with indepen- 
dent proclivities. 

ROBERT SAVAGE. In enumerating the 
pioneers of Montague county the subject of this 
review holds rank among the earliest, for his 
father, Wiley B. Savage, founded the family on 
the head of Denton creek, or in that vicinity, 
in 1856, and is, therefore, entitled to rank 
among the very first white men to hide 
himself away among the Indians and 
wild animals of the then wilderness of 
Montague. He came hither blazing the 
way for settlers of the future and to plant 
a Savage seed which should grow and flourish 
when the generations of industry and peace 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



153 



should reign upon the land and conquered 
nature should yield up her fruits to the hand 
of man. 

It was in March of 1856 that this band of Sav- 
ages brought the first ray of civilized hope 
into the Denton creek neighborhood and its 
leader established himself, on his pre-emption 
on what is now the McCaleb place, where the 
Englands were afterward murdered by Cribbs 
and Preston. Wiley B. Savage introduced 
farming into the community and he was accom- 
panied hither by settlers, Hamilton, Alfred 
Campbell, David Avis, John Campbell and 
wife. Of this number, or their descendants, the 
subject of this sketch is the only one remain- 
ing. They organized their little colony in 
Grayson county, whither Wiley Savage had 
gone from Rusk county, Texas, a few years be- 
fore. The latter came to the Lone Star state 
in 1849 from Robinson county, Tennessee, 
where he was born and married. His birth 
occurred in 1812 and he married Mary A. Car- 
ney, who died almost upon their arrival in 
Texas and lies buried at Henderson. His sec- 
ond wife was Rhoda A. Taylor, yet surviving 
and a resident of Indian Territory. In his 
early years in Texas Wiley B. Savage seems 
to have been restless and unsettled, for he 
moved about much and lived in Rusk, Gray- 
son, Cooke and then Grayson counties, before 
his advent to his final residence in Montague. 
He came to this place with ox teams and had 
little more than firmly established himself 
when, in 1864, he died. By his first wife he left 
children: Thomas N., Louisia; Elizabeth; 
William, and Robert of this review. By his 
second wife were born Mary J. and John W. 

Robert Savage was born in Robinson coun- 
ty, Tennessee, June 11, 1849. The family made 
their western trip the same year, by boat, to 
Jefferson, Texas, and, in the several counties 
above named, he grew up. "Among the In- 
dians and wolves," as he states it, he came to 
his majority in Montague county, having ac- 
cess to little more than the sight of a public 
school. Having sentiments in opposition to 
the purposes of the Confederacy, the family 
went north during a portion of the war period 
and passed several months within the Federal 
lines. Following his return home he spent . 
several years in the saddle as a cowboy, being 
on the old drives to Baxter Springs and dupli- 
cating, in many ways, the tracks of old-time 
cowmen. When he finally settled down to 
the farm and began his domestic career it was 
near his present home. His modest residence 
of today is erected upon a tract of the Win-* 



gate survey which was purchased years ago 
and his stock-farming has so prospered him 
as to enable him to add one hundred and 
sixty acres to his original domain. He was mar- 
ried at just past twenty-four and he and his 
wife started in the world about even. With the 
start they had they have played a strong hand 
in the game of "give and take" for a third of a 
century and no family within this rural com- 
munity stands higher than that of "Bob" and 
Annie Savage. 

August 12, 1873, Mr. Savage married Miss 
Annie Wainscott, a daughter of John Wain- 
scott, mention of whom occurs elsewhere in 
this work. Mrs. Savage was born in Arkansas, 
July 24, 1843, an d came in 1857 to Texas. She 
and her husband are the parents of: John Wi- 
ley, a young farmer of Montague county; 
Sarah L. ; Annie and Obedience. 

Robert Savage is a living witness to the 
whole realm of progress which has occurred in 
his county. He stands as a mile-post marking 
the beginning of things here and he has 
watched its events and wielded a quiet influ- 
ence in the fashioning of things according to 
the notions of civilized life. He is the oldest 
settler in Montague county, was here when the 
first wave of civilization rippled on this fron- 
tier district, participated in the movement of 
retrogression from the county during Indian 
and Civil war, and has been identified with the 
lasting progress from the '70s onward. 

PHIL T. ALLIN. By reason of his identi- 
fication with the town of Cleburne from the 
time it consisted of only a few houses until its 
population is close on to ten thousand, Mr. Phil 
T. Allin, who is head of the well known real 
estate firm of Phil T. Allin and Company at 
that place, is rightly considered one of the old- 
time residents of Johnson county and also one 
of its most prominent and influential citi- 
zens. 

Mercer county, Kentucky, was his birth- 
place, December 15, 1839, and his family his- 
tory goes back to colonial days, including" 
among its members his grandfather Major 
Thomas Allin, who served as an officer in the 
Continental army during the Revolutionary 
war. His parents were Ben C. and Susan 
(Warren) Allin, his father also a native of 
Mercer county, where both he and the grand- 
father died. 

For many years the father was clerk of the 
court of Mercer county, and the son Phil, after 
spending his early days on the farm, became 
his father's assistant in the court house at Har- 



154 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



rodsburg. He made a trip to Missouri before 
the war, and in i860, having in the meantime 
returned to his native state, made the move, 
which was destined to be permanent, to Texas, 
locating first in Anderson county. He made 
various trips of inspection about the state, and 
for a short time in 1861 lived in Johnson coun- 
ty, his present home. Mr. Allin had just 
reached his majority when the Civil war be- 
gan, and like thousands of other young south- 
erners of his age he volunteered in defense of 
the beloved southland. Enlisting in Com- 
pany G, First Texas Infantry, his first colonel 
being the noted and afterward general Louis 
T. Wigfall, he joined the Army of the Poto- 
mac in Virginia and participated in much of 
the fighting in that state, including the seven 
days' fighting around Richmond, the second 
battle of Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericks- 
burg, etc. From Virginia he was sent with the 
reinforcements for Bragg's army at the battle 
of Chickamauga, where he was wounded, and 
thereafter was unable to take part in much 
active service. 

On his return to Anderson county Mr. Allin, 
up to 1871, was principally engaged in farm- 
ing. In the year mentioned he came to his 
present home, Cleburne, in Tohnson county, 
where he has been a resident ever since and 
where he has been actively concerned with the 
development of town and country. In 1878 
he was elected clerk of the district court, and 
following his eight years' service in that busi- 
ness engaged in the insurance and real estate 
business, which he has prosecuted with suc- 
cess to the present time. He was chief clerk of 
the insurance department of Texas during three 
years and a half of the Governor Hogg admin- 
istration. He now has associated with him in 
business his son Phil W. Allin, who was born 
at Magnolia, Anderson county, and for some 
time was a clerk in the state treasurer's office 
at Austin, being a bright and capable young 
business man. Besides other interests Mr. 
iAllin owns a nice farm in the northwest part 
of Johnson county. 

Mr. Allin's wife was before her marriage 
Miss Maggie Van Noy. Thev were married at 
Palestine, Texas. 

LIONEL S. LEVERSEDGE, a well known 
civil engineer and contractor at Fort Worth, 
for over thirty years identified with this line of 
business in Texas, was born in Taunton, Eng- 
land, April 3, 1853. The family line goes back 
for generations in English history, and it is 
noteworthy that some of the ancient members 



were prominent participants in the early Eng- 
lish revolutions, notably the Jack Cade rebel- 
lion, and many persons intertwined with the 
stirring events of early English history are 
reckoned among the ancestors of the present 
Leversedge family. One of Mr. Leversedge's 
sisters, while on a visit to Europe and England, 
spent considerable time and labor in unearth- 
ing the ancestral history of her family. Mem- 
bers of the ancestry were among those who 
founded the town of Taunton in the Massa- 
chusetts colony. 

Mr. Leversedge's parents were John and Eliz- 
beth (Hunter) Leversedge. His father, who 
is now deceased, was a civil engineer of dis- 
tinction in his profession and very successful. 
On coming to America he located at Danville, 
Virginia, and the Leversedge home was in that 
city for several years. He was assistant city 
engineer of Danville, and later, going into 
railroad engineering, was connected with the 
engineering department of the Western North 
Carolina Railroad, now a part of the Southern 
Railway System. He was also at one time con- 
nected with the Central North Carolina Rail- 
road. The mother was of Scotch parentage. 

Educated at Fox College, Taunton, England, 
when sixteen years old Mr. Leversedge came 
to America to join his father, who had come 
over some time previous. It was under his 
father's tutelage that he received his technical 
education largely, fitting himself to follow a 
career of similar usefulness to his father's. He 
came to Texas in 1874 with the expectation of 
going to work in the engineering department 
of the Texas and Pacific Railroad, but on ac- 
count of the financial stringency following the 
panic of 1873 the construction of the road was 
discontinued for some time, and Mr. Leversedge 
had to look for emplovment in other lines, tem- 
porarily. During this time he lived in Fort 
Worth, and in 1876 became attached to the 
county surveyor's office under W. A. Darter, 
then county surveyor. On the expiration of 
Mr. Darter's term Mr. Leversedge was elected 
county surveyor, in 1878. He resigned this of- 
fice, however, in 1879, and took a position in 
the engineering department of the Gulf, Colo- 
rado and Santa Fe Railroad, under Chief En- 
gineer B. M. Temple, which position he held 
for five years. He then went into the engi- 
neering business as a contractor for and builder 
of bridges, railroads and municipal works. Since 
then his son, J. H. Leversedge, who is also a 
civil engineer, a representative of the third suc- 
cessive generation to follow the. profession, has 
come into the business, the firm name by which 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



155 



they are known being- the Leversedge Bridge 
Company, who have made a most enviable rep- 
utation as civil engineers and contractors, de- 
signers and builders of steel and concrete-steel 
bridges, wood and concrete piling, concrete 
foundations, granitoid pavements and curbing, 
etc. 

Mr. Leversedge was married at Fort Worth, 
April 21, 1878, to Miss Bettie T. Newcomer. J. 
H. Leversedge, who is their only living child, 
was born in the old Mansion Hotel at Fort 
Worth. 

LESLIE C. DENNY is one of the numer- 
ous prosperous and enterprising farmers and 
stockmen about the town of Iowa Park, Wich- 
ita county. A little more than fifteen years ago 
this fertile region was giving up its wealth in 
meager measure as stock ranges, and its wealth 
and fertility as an agricultural center had not 
been tapped. Then came enterprise in the 
shape of resourceful, energetic, shrewd and per- 
severing men, and in a few short years trans- 
formed the prairie stretches into a beautiful 
succession of diversified grain fields and pas- 
ture. Whereby, the banks of this region are 
now overflowing with the deposits of the farm- 
ers and stockmen, and the territory of which 
Iowa Park is a center is among the wealthy and 
wealth-producing sections of the great Lone 
Star state. 

Mr. Denny, himself so prominent in this ag- 
ricultural development and progress, is a Ken- 
tuckian by birth and parentage. He was born 
in Mercer county, that state, in 1854, a son of 
Walter and Eliza J. (Banta) Denny, both na- 
tives of Kentucky and now deceased, his father 
having passed away on the old Denny home- 
stead in Mercer county in 1885. 

Mr. Denny obtained his early advantages in 
the way of education and practical training in 
his native state and on the home farm. When 
he was twenty-one years old he went to Tren- 
ton, Grundy county, Missouri, where he lived 
for two years, and then for a short time in Saline 
county of the same state. In 1879 he moved to 
Grayson county, Texas, and farmed there for 
the following ten years. In 1889 he located at 
his present place, seven miles southwest of 
Iowa Park, in Wichita county. His brother S. 
L. Denny came to this locality about the same 
time, and the brothers own large adjoining 
farms, the neighborhood being known as 
"Denny." Mr. L. C. Denny's large and well im- 
proved place contains five hundred acres, and 
it lies in the famous Wichita valley and in a re- 
gion noted for its special wealth of crops, par- 



ticularly wheat, which grain is of as fine quality 
and as abundant in yield as in many of its more 
indigenous northern states. The brothers own 
substantial and commodious residences, and 
have telephone connection with Iowa Park. 
Mr. Denny is in all respects a modern, up-to- 
date agriculturist, carrying on his enterprises 
with profit both to himself and the community, 
and is a representative citizen of this locality. 
Around Iowa Park the farmers are the moneyed 
men, and in large measure those who take the 
initiative in building up and promoting public 
undertakings. 

While living in Grayson county Mr. Denny 
was married to Miss Kate George, and they now 
have a bright and happy family of nine chil- 
dren, Maggie J., Gertrude, Walter, Ida, Hugh, 
Lottie, Lloyd, Marie and Earl. Those of school 
age are being given the best obtainable educa- 
tion, and both Mr. and Mrs. Denny are thor- 
oughly in harmony and co-operation with the 
intellectual and social progress in their com- 
munity. 

JOSEPH H. MARTIN. In the subject of 
this sketch we have a gentleman distinguished as 
a pioneer and one whose life has spanned a half 
century of Wise county's development and been 
almost undisturbed as a resident thereof since 
man's first footprints marked the advance guard 
of civilization. Fifty years a witness to the events 
which have brought order out of chaos, removed 
the resisting elements to intelligent progress and 
transplanted a people with aims and purposes and 
plans rivaling those of their kinsmen in the old 
states of the east, is the record ascribed to him 
and, were he without individual achievement, 
who can gainsay that he has lived in vain ? 

Of the ante-bellum settlers of Wise county few 
remain within its boundaries to tell the story of 
their conflict with barbarism and of their survival 
of the hardships with which nature afflicted them. 
The chance settler of '54 was followed by the 
occasional settler of '55, and to this latter epoch 
does Joseph H. Martin belong. The days of his 
childhood witnessed the establishment of the Lone 
Star Republic and the years of his youth saw her 
join the galaxy of states and become the "Em- 
pire" of the great Southwest. His martial spirit 
and patriotic impulse urged him to the ranks to 
beat off and subdue our Mexican foe and the 
spirit of adventure prompted his joining the cara- 
van of Texas forty-niners to seek his fortune in 
the Eldorado of the Pacific coast. Notwithstand- 
ing their interest these are only incidents of his 
life and serve to spice the more substantial 
achievements of his rural life. 



156 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Barren county, Kentucky, gave us the Martins 
of this record and there Henry Martin, the found- 
er of this branch, was born. His birth occurred 
in 1797, and his life was ever rural and apparently 
fitted to the work of civilizing and developing the 
frontier. He married Rebecca Hindman, who 
accompanied him westward, sojourning briefly in 
Mississippi and reaching Texas in the year 1836. 
They established themselves in Harrison county 
and there the wife passed away in 1844. 

The issue of the marriage of Henry and Re- 
becca Martin were : Elizabeth, who married 
James Hudson and died in Comanche county, 
Texas ; Robert, a steamboat captain, who died 
in Marshall, Texas ; Luann, of Marshall, wife of 
Judge Hendrick ; Joseph H., of this notice ; Nan- 
cy J., whose first husband was Thomas Llewellyn 
and who is now the widow of John Robinson, re- 
sides in New Mexico. Henry Martin married a 
second wife, Mrs. Wortham, but no issue re- 
sulted. 

Henry Martin was one of the characters of 
Texas. He may be called, with propriety, an 
original Texan, because he helped do the work 
which wrenched this great slice of Mexican terri- 
tory from the Montezumas and placed it under 
Anglo-Saxon dominion, establishing a new na- 
tion upon the earth. Sam Houston had an army 
of about seven hundred men at San Jacinto, and 
the winning of the fight made every man a hero. 
After that war Mr. Martin rejoined his family 
and located a part of his head-right in Harrison 
county and the remainder in Collin county, 
whither he subsequently removed. As a citizen 
he was a quiet farmer, with no political ambi- 
tion, yet voting with the Democrats when the 
state began practicing United States politics upon 
its admission into the Union. He settled in Wise 
county in 1854 and passed the remaining years 
of his life on his homestead near where Chico 
now stands. He died in 1872. 

Joseph H. Martin was born in Barren county, 
Kentucky, January 1, 1828, and was an infant 
when his parents took up their journey toward 
the setting sun. He was eight years of age when 
they reached Texas and stopped in Harrison 
county. His education was of the "pickup" sort 
and when the admission of Texas brought on the 
war with Mexico he joined the First Texas regi- 
ment, in 1846, under Colonel Wood, and marched 
to the Rio Grande. His enlistment was for six 
months, and during that time he took part in the 
battle of Monterey and, when discharged, re- 
turned to his home in Harrison county. Having 
had a taste of adventure, he decided to seek his 
fortune in California and, accordingly, joined a 



party bound there, in 1850, passing through Mex- 
ico and taking a sailing vessel at Mazatlan, on 
the Pacific coast, for San Francisco and going at 
once to the gold fields in the interior of the state. 
He began prospecting on his own account and 
had various degrees of success the few years he 
depended upon the pick and pan for his living, 
and the streaks of lean were often as wide and 
long as the streaks of fat. Eventually he drifted 
into freighting from Stockton up into the moun- 
tains, and this undertaking brought him good 
returns. In 1855 he returned home by the way 
of Aspinwall, on the Isthmus, and New Orleans 
and immediately came to Wise county. 

Returning again to rural pursuits, Mr. Martin 
bought out his brother, who had a bunch of cat- 
tle under the brand "RM," and followed the cow 
business as his chief vocation until 1871, when he 
moved to Kansas and settled in the frontier coun- 
ty of Butler. He expected to find an ideal place 
there for his favorite vocation, but conditions 
were somewhat disappointing and in three years, 
he came back to Texas and took up farming 
where he had run cattle only a few years before. 
Martin Prairie, named in honor of the family, is. 
where he established himself, and there he still 
owns nearly three hundred acres of valuable land. 
In 1900 he left the farm and removed his family 
to Chico in permanent retirement from exhaust- 
ing toil. 

While Wise county was still a field for Indian 
attacks the Martins were exposed to the moon- 
light dangers from tomahawk and arrow and on 
one occasion the savages charged our subject's, 
house, but without fatalities or serious results. 
They lost horses, as the pioneers nearly all did, 
and a few cattle passed from them into the red 
man's hands. 

In 1861, February 6, Mr. Martin married Eliza 
A. Earhart, a daughter of Joseph Earhart, origi- 
nally from Pennsylvania. Mr. Earhart married 
Mrs. Mary Penn, a daughter of William M. Quis- 
enberry, and was the father of Mrs. Martin, born 
in Franklin county, Arkansas, in 1843 ; Elifelet, 
of Lubbock county, Texas ; Mrs. Julia F. Hall- 
sell, of Decatur ; William and Samuel Mc, who- 
died in Wise county with families ; Joe Ellen, 
widow of Larkin P. Beavert, of Durant, Indian 
Territory; Orby Earhart, of Lubbock county. 

Mr. and Mrs. Martin's children are: Rev. 
William W., of Bowie, married Lizzie Jones and 
has children, Winnie L. and Gatha; Mary, wife 
of Ed Boone, of Blanket, Texas, is the younger. 

Mr. Martin has the distinction of having erect- 
ed the first house on the Decatur townsite. He 
has served his county as one of its first commis- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



sioncrs and he has ever championed Democracy's 
cause. The family adhere to the Presbyterian 
faith and the son is an ordained minister of the 
denomination of Cumberlands, with Montague 
county as headquarters for his work. 

HOUSTON E. DEAVER, of Memphis, Hall 
county, is a progressive and successful member 
of the bar at that place, and for a number of 
years has been ranked among the leaders in his 
profession in that locality. Mr. Deaver is a 
man of high attainments, personally and pro- 
fessionally, is liberally educated and has been 
an exponent of advance along all lines of mod- 
ern culture and civilization. He has had a suc- 
cessful business career, and is an influential 
and highly esteemed lawyer and citizen. 

A native son of Texas, born in Grayson coun- 
ty in 1862, he was a son of John A. and Sarah 
(Hughes) Deaver, the former of whom came 
from his native state of Missouri to Texas when 
a boy, and was for a number of years a success- 
ful rancher in Grayson county, where he died 
in 1870. The mother, a native of Tennessee, is 
now living in Grayson county. 

Mr. Deaver was reared on a Grayson county 
ranch when ranching and cattle-raising were 
the principal industries of Grayson county, be- 
fore its black-soil land developed into the rich 
farming community that it is now. His pri- 
mary education in Grayson county was supple- 
mented by attendance at the Waco University, 
and also a course at the Texas State Normal 
at Huntsville, where he was graduated in 1887. 
He then accepted a position in the Chickasaw 
Nation Male Academy at Tishomingo, Indian 
Territory, where he was engaged in teaching 
for seven years. During this time he read law 
to some extent, and on leaving his school po- 
sition he devoted all his time to his legal studies 
at Sherman, Texas, with Judge John Finley as 
lis preceptor. He was admitted to the bar at 
Sherman in 1891. and in the same year came to 
lemphis, where he has ever since carried on 
>ractice, with increasingly large clientage and 
success. He was elected and served as county 
ittorney of Hall county for five years. He is 
everywhere recognized as a first-class law- 
yer, and is thoroughly identified with the best 
interests of his town and county. He owns a 
jood stock ranch in Donley county and is now 
president of the Hall County National Bank. 

Mr. Deaver was married in Memphis to Miss 
Maud Montgomery, who was born in Grayson 
county. They have four children of their own, 
Mina, John, Temple and Pattie, and an adopted 
son, Victor Deaver. 



HENRY CLAY BROWN. The gentleman 
whose name introduces this personal notice is 
a modest though successful farmer whose sev- 
enteen years as a citizen of Montague county 
have made him widely and favorably known, 
not strictly because of his vocation, but because 
of his public service rendered in one of the im- 
portant offices in the gift of the voters of his 
county. He is a gentleman of admitted busi- 
ness capacity and of demonstrated integrity, 
and it has been for the well-being of Montague 
county to have him her citizen. Mr. Brown 
has resided in the Lone Star State since 1883. 
He first settled in Ellis county on a farm but 
in 1888 sought out and purchased land in Mon- 
tague county, four miles east of Bowie, where 
since the work of home improvement and soil 
cultivation has been carried on. Pie came to 
Texas from Nevada county, Arkansas, but was 
reared in Clark county, that state. At the 
age of seven years his parents migrated thither 
from Henderson county, Tennessee, where he 
was born April 22, 1846. 

A glance at the family history shows our 
subject to be a son of William Brown, a na- 
tive of Greenville district, South Carolina, 
born July 4, 1806. He grew up there on his 
father's plantation along with his brothers, 
Jackson and Thomas, and acquired a fair edu- 
cation in the schools common to his day and 
time. His wife was Rebecca Fowler, who died 
at the home of her son, our subject, in the 
fall of 1890. In 1853 William Brown became 
a settler in Clark county, Arkansas. He left 
South Carolina about 1832 and lived in west 
Tennessee some twenty-one years. During the 
rebellion he served in the Home Guard in Ark- 
ansas and was in a couple of small engage- 
ments. He was a man of positive convictions 
en public policies and was a Whig prior to the 
war. He was elected treasurer of Nevada 
county, Arkansas, and served four years, show- 
ing him to have been a citizen of high stand- 
ing in his county. He came to Texas in i88_| 
and followed the meanderings of his son into 
Montague county, dying at the latter's home in 
March, 1890. He was a Master Mason and a 
Christian, worshiping with the Baptist denom- 
ination. His children were: Emily, of Sevier 
county, Arkansas, wife of A. J. Marsh : Ellen, 
who married A. J. Cole and is a patient in the 
Little Rock Asylum ; Cynthia, wife of Thomas 
Cook, of Montague county; Henry C. our 
subject; Neal S., who died in Ellis county, 
Texas ; William C. P., of Jasper county, Texas ; 
and W r infield S., of Hill county. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Henry Clay Brown grew up amid rural sur- 
roundings chiefly and acquired the elementary 
principles of an education. When his educa- 
tion should have been in process he was fight- 
ing for the independence of the Confederacy 
and after the war the business of bread win- 
ning was too urgent to permit him to again at- 
tend school. He enlisted in the spring of 1862 
in Company H, Twenty-third Arkansas Infan- 
try, Captain A. A. Pennington and Colonel O. 
P. Lile, and was sent to the front at once, 
taking part in the battles of Corinth and Iuka. 
In the engagement at Port Hudson in 1863 he 
was captured and paroled. Two weeks after 
his return home he went into the state troops, 
having become accustomed to a life of excite- 
ment and high tension, his company being- H 
Colonel Crockett's regiment. This was a cav- 
alry regiment and it served in the Trans-Mis- 
sissippi Department where Mr. Brown was 
in the fights at Mount Elbe, Prairie Dien and 
Mark's Mill. At the close of the war he was 
discharged at Marshall, Texas, and resumed 
civil pursuits on the farm. 

In January, 1869, in Clark county, Arkansas, 
Mr. Brown married Miss Fannie Lawley, 
a daughter of Elijah and Mary (Brownlee) 
Lawley. The Lawley children were: William, 
of V eleetka, Indian Territory ; John and Rob- 
ert who died in the Indian Territory, leaving 
families ; Mrs. Brown ; Alfred and Emma, of 
Clark county, Arkansas, the latter the wife of 
James Ayres. The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Brown are : William E., of Hobart, Oklahoma, 
is married to Maggie Garrett; Emma, wife of 
Nathan Norman, of Ellis county, Texas; Miss 
Kate, a teacher in Montague county, and her 
twin sister, Kalie, wife of W. A. Davis, of 
Ellis county, Texas;' Ella, wife of Ed. Chand- 
ler, of Montague county; T. Jack, who mar- 
ried Addie Bruce and resides on the old home- 
stead ; Etta, who married Richmond Wynn 
and is a teacher of the county ; and Miss Myr- 
tle, still with the parental home. 

Mr. Brown approached manhood during the 
stormy days and years of American politics 
and when conditions warranted all white men 
in uniting in the support of the same principles 
and he became a Democrat. He has ever acted 
with that party and came to be active in its 
affairs after he established himself in Mon- 
tague county. He was named for county com- 
missioner of precinct No. 2 in the fall of 1902 
and was elected without serious opposition. 
Beyond the routine work of the board a little 
bridge-building occupied its attention and Air. 
Brown closed his term in November, 1904, 



with a creditable two years' work. He is a mem- 
ber of the Missionary Baptist church and is a 
gentleman with sincere and friendly impulses. 
He is easily approachable, has a kindly and 
entertaining manner and seems at peace with 
all the wOrld. He believes in higher education 
for the youth, and in his own family he has 
shown his faith by his works. 

MILTON J. WHITE. The Whites, of 
which family our subject is a worthy repre- 
sentative, came to the Lone Star state from 
Tennessee and this branch of the family was 
founded in the Trans-Mississippi country of 
the west by William J. White in i860. "The 
latter is the father of Milton J. White and he 
emigrated from Maury county, his native 
state, in the vigor of early manhood and es- 
tablished himself as a pedagogue in Collin 
county, Texas. He brought his young wife 
with him from the east and it was in that 
county, October 1 1, 1864, that the subject of 
this personal sketch was born. 

Milton J. White is, in point of service, the 
oldest and the pioneer druggist of Bellevue. In 
Collin and Jack counties he came to man's es- 
tate and until his embarkation in the mercan- 
tile business in Bellevue his environment was 
purely rural. The country school had done 
its best for him toward an education and the 
first two-thirds of his minority was passed 
in Collin county. In 1878 his parents removed 
to Jack county and there, upon coming into the 
full flush of his majority, he adopted a rural 
life. He owned a horse when he was mar- 
ried and he borrowed the remainder of the team 
with which to make his crop. He and his young 
wife had the tenacious and persevering quali- 
ties necessary to ultimate success and the farm 
that they began life on is still their property. 

In 1893 Mr. White was induced by Dr. 
Charles H. Whiting to engage in the drug 
business in Bellevue, then a mere hamlet but 
with good prospects and much promise. With- 
out experience in drugs and expecting to learn 
the business from Dr. Whiting, Mr. White put 
in a stock of about three hundred dollars and 
entered the career of a merchant. Matters went 
well with him for some six months, when Dr. 
Whiting suddenly died and he was left "to 
paddle his canoe" alone. His growth as a mer- 
chant has kept pace with the growth and de- 
velopment of his town and, since March I, 1894, 
the demands of the trade have so increased as 
to cause him to carry a much larger stock. 

William J. White passed his middle and 
latter life as a farmer, and in 1894 located at 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



59 



Bellevue, and retired. His birth occurred in 
Tennessee in 1833, and his father was Sam 
White and his mother Sarah C. Ragan. His 
educational advantages were such as to quali- 
fy him for teaching and he engaged in it as a 
stepping-stone in life. He enlisted in the mili- 
tary service of the Confederacy, but was sent 
back to Collin county to -continue his work 
in the school-room. He left Collin county April 
10, 1878, and located near Post Oak, in Jack 
county, where he farmed till he came to Belle- 
vue. He was married on September 15, 1856, 
in Mississippi, to Miss Mollie, a daughter of 
J. O. and Elizabeth (Blackwell) Kerr, who 
had a family of ten children. Mrs. Mollie vVhite 
was born in Mississippi in 1837, and is the 
mother of: Ella, wife of H. M. Glass, of Hart- 
ley, Texas ; Milton J. ; Anna, widow of L. J. 
Walker, of Bellevue, ex-county clerk and as- 
sessor of Clay county; Samuel B., of Bellevue: 
William J., of Jack county; Joseph E., of the 
same county, and Mamie E., who died un- 
married. Mr. White is a Democrat in poli- 
tics and is a member of the Methodist church. 

August 9, 1885, in Jack county, Milton J. 
White married Lillie, a daughter of Richard 
B. and Rachel (Cooksey) Walker, the wed- 
ding occurring at the Walker home and the 
ceremony being performed by Rev. John Dunn. 
Mr. Walker was born in Illinois and his wife in 
Texas. He died in July, 1899, and she passed 
away twenty years before. Their children 
were: James, of Greer county, Oklahoma; 
Richard, of Idaho ; Mrs. White, born August 
31, 1866; Jesse, of San Francisco; Florida, and 
Rosa who died before marriage. 

Mr. and Mrs. White's children are: Clara L., 
born July 1, 1886; Zuma, born December 5, 
1888, and Ruth, born September 27, 1898. 

"Mit" White, as everybody knows him, has 
made his efforts and his influence felt in Belle- 
vue. He has experienced no meteoric flights 
to wealth nor no sudden transformation from 
an industrious farmer to a progressive and suc- 
cessful merchant, but he has gone about his 
affairs as one having a work to perform, set- 
ting a commendable example and wielding an 
influence, unconsciously, for the good report 
of his town. 

DUNCAN McRAE, a farmer and at one 
time county superintendent of schools in Tar- 
rant county, making his home in Fort Worth, 
is a native of Tennessee, his birth having oc- 
curred in Maury county, on the 22d of Sep- 
tember, 1845. His paternal grandfather, Alex- 
ander McRae, was born in Scotland, and on 



coming to America settled in North Carolina, 
where occurred the birth of his son, Duncan 
McRae, who in his boyhood days accompanied 
his parents on their removal to Tennessee, the 
family home being established in Maury 
county, where Duncan McRae continued to re- 
side throughout his remaining days. He be- 
came a substantial agriculturist of that locality. 
His wife was born in that county and was a 
sister of R. R. Raimey, who came to Texas 
from Tennessee in 1836 to assist the struggling 
revolutionists in the achievement of indepen- 
dence from Mexico. He was with General Fan- 
nin's command and was killed in the battle 
of Goliad. 

Duncan McRae was reared to farm life and 
acquired his early education in the public 
schools of Maury county, while later he pur- 
sued his studies at Moore's Institute, in 
Mooresville, Tennessee. He was a young man 
of eighteen years when in 1864 he responded 
to the call of the Confederacy, enlisting in 
Company F, First Tennessee Cavalry. With 
that command he went to Georgia, joining Gen- 
eral Joe Johnston's army and was in all of the 
fighting that constituted the siege and battle of 
Atlanta, continuing with Johnston's army un- 
til its surrender in North Carolina. He was 
also in the hotly contested engagement of New 
Hope Church, which preceded the battle of At- 
lanta. 

When the war was ended Mr. McRae re- 
turned to his home in Maury county, Tennes- 
see, where he began farming and later he was 
likewise identified with merchandising, carry- 
ing on both pursuits until the latter part of 
1876, when, determining to establish his home 
in Texas, where he believed he might enjoy 
better business advantages, he came to Tarrant 
county on the 1st of January, 1877. Here he 
has since resided. Fie began farming at John- 
son's Station, four miles south of Arlington, 
and later he located at Handley, while in 
1897 he established his home in Polytechnic 
Heights, Fort Worth, where he has since lived. 
Not long after his arrival in Tarrant county 
he began teaching, and continued in the pro- 
fession for several years in connection with 
the management of his agricultural interests. 
He first taught at Johnson's Station and later 
at other places in Tarrant county — Handley, 
Mansfield, Smithfield and Keller, and in 1894 
he was elected county superintendent of 
schools, which position he filled in a most cap- 
able and satisfactory manner for six years, be- 
ing elected for three consecutive terms and 
then retired from the office as he had entered 



i6o 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



it — with the confidence and good will of all 
concerned. Since that time he has not been 
actively connected with the teacher's profes- 
sion save that he takes a most earnest interest 
in educational affairs in Tarrant county, as- 
sisting in county institutes and in other ways 
lending Ids influence to maintain a high stand- 
ard of the schools, and promote the intellectual 
development of the locality. He is the owner 
of one of the finest farms in Tarrant county, 
comprising more than four hundred acres lying 
along the interurban railroad within three 
miles of Arlington. This tract is under a high 
state of cultivation and is well equipped with 
modern improvements, indicating the careful 
supervision and practical and progressive 
methods of the owner. 

Air. McRae was married in Williamson 
county, Tennessee, September 7, 1869, to Miss 
Fannie Crowe, a daughter of Thomas A. 
Crowe, Esq., of Williamson county, Ten- 
nessee. She died June 14. 1903. sur- 
vived by a daughter and three sons, namely : 
Willie, the wife of J. W. Smith; Duncan 
Crowe ; Edward and Walter Thomas. Mr. 
McRae is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, South, and is interested in the 
material, intellectual and moral development 
of the community, co-operating along these 
lines for general improvement and upbuilding. 

JUDGE JAMES L. HARRISON, a well 
known cattleman and a resident of Panhandle, 
has recently been the honored incumbent of 
the office of county judge of Carson county and 
his connection with both private business and 
public affairs has given him a place of promi- 
nence and esteem in this section of Texas. A 
native son of the Lone Star state, he was born 
in Lavaca county in 1858. His father, Samuel 
Harrison, a native of Tennessee, moved to Ala- 
bama and thence to Texas about 1852, locating 
first in Titus county and later in Lavaca coun- 
ty, where he still lives and is a successful farm- 
er. The mother, Ellen (Boyce) Harrison 
who is now deceased, was also born in Tennes- 
see. 

Judge Harrison spent his boyhood on his 
Eather's farm, and at the age of sixteen began 
"i..\\ punching" and has been i ' ntified in an 
increasing degree with the cattle business 
from that time to this. In 1887 he came to 
Coleman county, where he was employed a 
'couple of years, and in 1889 came to the foot 
of the plains, in Motley county. There he en- 
tered the service of the Matador Cattle Com- 
l>an\ as a cowboy, and later became their range 



manager. Subsequently taking a place with 
the Home Land and Cattle Company, for sev- 
eral years he managed their cattle interests 
in New Mexico, and in the fall of 1890 came to 
Carson county this state with a bunch of cat- 
tle for that company, putting them on the 
White Deer pastures. Late in 1892, still in the 
employ of the Home Land and Cattle Com- 
pany, he took a lot of their cattle to Montana, 
and remained in charge of their interests there 
till the winter of 1896-97, when he returned to 
Carson county. Since the Home Land and 
Cattle Company sold out their interests Mr. 
Harrison has been in the cattle business for 
himself, and has become one of the most ex- 
tensive operators along this line in the Pan- 
handle. His pastures, most of which are leased 
from the White Deer ranch, lie in Roberts and 
Gray counties, and consist of about one hun- 
dred thousand acres. He also owns in his name 
a large amount of land. 

Judge Harrison came into prominence in 
Carson county as a public official in 1900, when 
he was elected county judge, and by re-elec- 
tion in 1902 served altogether for four years, 
with a most creditable record in every detail 
of his work. His principal attention, however, 
has always been given to his cattle interests, 
and he is a well known member of the Texas 
Cattle-Raisers' Association. 

Judge Harrison and family reside in the 
town of Panhandle, where they have a very 
pretty residence and enjoy a large circle of 
friends. Judge Harrison was married at 
Gatesville," this state, to Miss Nellie Hotch- 
kiss, and their one son is James Harrison. 

IRA T. VALENTINE. In reviewing the 
prominent members of the Tarrant county bar 
the name of Ira T. Valentine takes precedence 
of many of his professional brethren. Those who 
win prominence at the bar of America's thriving 
cities, of which Fort Worth is one, must have a 
thorough understanding of its principles, a keen 
perception, logical reasoning and above all habits 
of painstaking, patient industry. All must begin 
on a common plane and rise to eminence by per- 
severance, or fall back into the ranks of mediocri- 
tv. In like manner with all others, Ira T. Valen- 
tine started out to win a name and place for him- 
self, and his success has made him one of the 
leaders of the Fort Worth bar. 

I lis birth occurred in Bedford, Tarrant coun- 
ty, a son of R. T. and Mary (Armstrong) Valen- 
tine. The father took up his residence in Tar- 
rant county in 1867, a "d here he has ever since 
resided, a merchant by occupation, and for many 




IRA T. VALENTINE 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



161 



vears postmaster of Bedford. The son Ira re- 
ceived his early educational training in the public 
schools of his native city, later attending the 
Sam Houston Normal School at Huntsville, Tex- 
as, where he graduated in 1894 with high honors, 
being salutatorian of his class. While in school 
he had prepared himself especially for teaching, 
and after leaving the normal engaged actively in 
that profession for about eight years, about four 
years of the time being spent as principal of the 
high school at Dublin ; also held the same position 
in one of the ward schools in Houston, was secre- 
tary of the State Teachers' Association for one 
year and for the same length of time a member 
of the executive committee. Mr. Valentine was 
numbered among the prominent educators of the 
state, but wishing to enter the ranks of the legal 
profession he abandoned the work of the school 
room and prepared for his chosen calling in the 
law department of the University of Texas at 
Austin, where he took a two years' course and 
graduated in 1902. He then returned to his home 
county and engaged in the practice of law at Fort 
Worth. He enjoys- a large clientage, and has 
connected himself with much of the important 
litigation heard in the courts of the district in the 
past few years. He is a member of the law firm 
of Bowlin, Valentine & Curtis, with offices at 
200^2 Main street, Fort Worth, while his home 
is at North Fort Worth, and in April, 1904, he 
was elected city attorney of the latter place for 
the term of two years and in connection with his 
duties in that position maintains an office in the 
city hall in North Fort Worth. 

Mr. Valentine was married near Birdville, Tar- 
rant county, to Miss Pearl Bailey, the daughter 
of one of the old and prominent pioneer settlers 
of this county, and they have three daughters — 
Edna, Olene and Inez. Mr. Valentine is promi- 
nent in the Knights of Pythias fraternity, being a 
member and past chancellor of Lodge No. 330, 
of North Fort Worth, and has been a grand rep- 
resentative in the state organization. He also 
belongs to the Modern Woodmen of America, the 
Red Men and the Rathbone Sisters. Mrs. Valen- 
tine is the most excellent chief of the Rathbone 
Sisters of North Fort Worth, where Mr. Valen- 
tine also holds membership. 

CAPTAIN RICHARD W. HYDE, the well 
known hardware merchant of Iowa Park, 
Wichita county, has been identified with the 
business life of this town almost since its in- 
ception, and as a Texan is one of the oldest 
and foremost citizens, this state having been 
his home practically all the time since boy- 
hood. 



He was born in Rutherford county, Tennes- 
see, in 1840, being a son of Jordan W. and 
Melinda (Davis) Flyde. His father was a Ten- 
nesseean by birth, and from that state enlisted 
for service in the Mexican war, after the con- 
clusion of which he located in Texas. During 
this time he lost his wife, the mother of Cap- 
tain Hyde, and in 1854 the father located here 
after the Mexican war and his two sons came 
to Texas and located in Clarksville, in Red 
River county, where the father engaged in the 
mercantile business and became a large and 
prosperous merchant and trader. That was 
before the railroads penetrated that section, and 
his goods were shipped up the Red river from 
New Orleans as far as Shreveport, and thence 
freighted across the country to Clarksville. In 
1852 he had made a trip to California, but re- 
mained there only a short time. After becom- 
ing well established at Clarksville he started a 
branch store at Sulphur Springs, Texas, and 
did a flourishing business at both places for 
some time before the war. During the rebel- 
lion he supplied cattle to the Confederate army, 
but during that period his fortune was largely 
sacrificed, and when peace came he entered 
into the cattle business. In November, 1879, 
while he was taking a shipment of cattle north, 
his train went down with the bridge across the 
Missouri river at St. Charles and he was killed. 
He was a resourceful and well known man, 
was influential in affairs, and was generally 
successful. 

Captain Hyde was a boy when he came to 
Texas with his father, and he learned the 
mercantile business under the latter's direc- 
tion. He was just of age when the Civil war 
broke out, and he at once joined the army at 
Clarksville, although he did not regularly en- 
list there. He fought for the southern cause 
throughout the war, and is one of the Confed- 
erate veterans whose service extended over 
nearly four years. From Clarksville he went 
to Missouri with a lot of McCullough's men, 
and enlisted in Benton county, that state, in the 
Seventh Missouri Cavalry, Company K. He 
was under General Price, and when that gen- 
eral went east he was one of the twenty-two 
hundred soldiers who were sent back from Hel- 
ena, Arkansas, to Missouri. During the war 
his services were confined to Arkansas, Mis- 
souri and Indian Territory. He was under 
Colonel Marmaduke and General Jo Shelby, 
when the latter was a captain, and was with the 
former at the battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas, 
fighting against Phillips ; he was with Colonel 
Coffee at the Lone Jack engagement, on which 



1 62 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



occasion he was struck by a sabre and his 
forehead still bears the scar from this 
wound. Especially bitter was the war in Mis- 
souri, where the hostile feeling was at fever 
heat and where neighbor was against neigh- 
bor and even members of the same family in 
deadly feud. He was captured a number of 
times during his military experience, and had 
many narrow and thrilling escapes. 

When the war was over he went into the 
cattle business, and in the summer of 1865 he 
set out for Montana, where he arrived that fall. 
The exciting times of gold discovery were 
then at their height in that territory, and he 
was at Alder Gulch (Virginia City) soon after 
the discovery of the precious metal at that 
place, as also in other noted mining camps 
in that state. Western life with all its free and 
rough features became very familiar to him, 
and more than once he saw the quick and ef- 
fective work of the vigilantes. While there 
he was mainly concerned with the cattle trade, 
and he continued in Montana and neighboring 
territories for about fifteen years. At one time 
he had for a partner Captain William F. Dran- 
nan, a noted frontiersman, and they had be- 
come acquainted at Salt Lake City. Captain 
Drannan, in his "Thirty-one Years on the Fron- 
tier," speaks very highly of Captain Hyde. 
Though many years have elapsed since Mr. 
Hyde was in Montana, he still has friends 
there, and is also owner of a half interest in 
the Boaz gold mine near Virginia City. 

After leaving Montana Captain Hyde went 
to Mills county, Iowa, and engaged in farm- 
ing and the cattle-feeding business, and while 
there he was married to Miss Colona Wearin, 
a member of the Wearin family who are noted 
for being the largest landholders in southwest- 
ern Iowa. Captain Hyde lived in Mills county 
from 1879 to 1889, and in the latter year came 
to Texas and located at his present home town 
of Iowa Park. Here he bought some land, 
was engaged in trading and loaning money 
until 1893, when he established his hardware 
store. With the exception of two years he has 
been in this business ever since, and now has 
as partner Jesse Tanner, a young man who 
formerly worked for him, the firm name be- 
ing Hyde and Tanner: The maiden name of 
Captain Hyde's present wife is Sarah Isabel 
Powers, and they were married in Texas. 
He has three children, all living in Mills coun- 
ty, Iowa, namely : Mrs. Olive Swayne, Otha 
Hyde and Othello Hyde. Captain Hyde is a 
Mason, and a popular man among all his many 
friends and business associates. 



JOHN W. McCRACKEN, state agent for 
the Security Mutual Life Insurance Company 
with headquarters at Fort Worth, has gained 
a distinctively representative clientage in this 
business. He formerly became well known 
in educational circles and since his connection 
with the insurance business he has gained a 
still broader acquaintance and has developed a 
business, the extent and importance of which 
indicates in no unmistakable manner his splen- 
did discernment, executive force and unremit- 
ting enterprise. He is a native of Arkansas 
and a son of William M. and Jane (Doak) Mc- 
Cracken. His parents were born in Tennessee, 
from which state they removed to Arkansas, 
living there for seven years, subsequent to 
which time they came to Texas, locating in 
1858 at Springtown, Parker county. They were 
among the first settlers there, only two or three 
families having located in that part of the 
county before their arrival. The father is well 
remembered by all of the pioneers of that 
part of the state as an early settler who experi- 
enced all the hardships, privations and trials in- 
cident to the settlement of a frontier when the 
people were constantly menaced by the In- 
dians, Springtown being a storm center of the 
Indian troubles in those days. Mr. McCrack- 
en, however, became successful as a farmer 
and stock-raiser and his old homestead forms 
one corner of the city of Springtown and in 
later years has become a portion of the best 
residence district there. It is in the midst of 
one of the richest agriculturai portions of the 
state and Mr. McCracken lived to see the town 
of which he was one of the founders grow to 
be a rich and prosperous municipality. He 
died in January, 1899, since which time John 
W. McCracken has purchased the old home 
and it has since been his place of residence, 
although he maintains his business headquar- 
ters in Fort Worth. 

The subject of this review, born March 
19, 1856, was reared upon the old home farm 
and his industry and the utilization of his 
opportunities enabled him to secure a good 
education. Among his later instructors was 
Professor S. W. Merrick, a well known edu- 
cator of those early days. Mr. McCracken 
prepared himself for teaching and established 
the first college in Parker county — College Hill 
Institute at Springtown. This enterprise was 
successful from the beginning and became a 
valued factor in educational development of 
the state. Mr. McCracken remained at its 
head for thirteen years, the moving spirit in its 
growth and development, and on the expiration 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



i'>3 



of that period established Mineral Wells Col- 
lege at Mineral Wells, Palo Pinto county, 
which he conducted for seven years, and at 
the end of that time there was an enrollment of 
five hundred and twenty-six pupils under the 
charge of eleven teachers. During the course 
of his career as an educator Mr. McCracken has 
tr.ught the sons and daughters of some of the 
most prominent famdies in Texas and the ter- 
ritories. He was particularly proficient in 
mathematics and made that his specialty, but 
was also well qualified to teach any other de- 
partment. In Parker county he was the presi- 
dent of the examining board for eight years 
anu in Palo Pinto county occupied a similar 
position for seven years. 

At times during his educational work he de- 
voted the vacation periods to soliciting life 
insurance, and having demonstrated that he 
could be successful in the business he re- 
tired entirely from the teacher's profession in 
1898 and accepted a position at a good salary 
with the New York Life Insurance Company. 
After remaining with that company for a 
time he became connected with the Amer- 
ican Union Life Insurance Company, and 
later with the Equitable Life, and in 
June, 1901, he received appointment to 
the position of state agent of the Security Mut- 
ual Life Insurance Company of Binghamton. 
New York, his territory being the state of Tex- 
as and Greer county, Oklahoma. He main- 
tains his headquarters in the Powell budding 
in Fort Worth, with Thomas Morgan as cash- 
ier of the office, and there are one hundred and 
twenty agents in the state under his supervi- 
sion, while in 1904 the office wrote insurance 
amounting to more than a million and a half 
dollars. Mr. McCracken has written insur- 
ance on the lives of some of the most promi- 
nent men of Texas. His many years of teach- 
ing brought him into close touch with lead- 
ing people throughout the state and he won 
warm friendships, and when he took up life in- 
surance as a permanent business he was at 
once accorded a lucrative patronage ; his high 
character and standing as a business man and 
citizen being testified by the regard which is 
uniformly accorded him by prominent people 
throughout the state. 

Mr. McCracken is the president of the school 
board at Springtown and is intensely inter- 
ested in community affairs. He was the first 
man to introduce and agitate the movement 
to connect Fort Worth and Mineral Wells, via 
Springtown, by electric railway, and is a char- 
ter member and director in the corporation 



who recently secured a charter for the building 
of the line. He is deeply interested in the en- 
terprise and has every confidence that it wili 
succeed. His energy is of the kind that never 
tires, always meeting obstacles with renewed 
vigor. He is a Royal Arch Mason and an Elk 
in his fraternal relations, a Methodist in his 
religious faith and a Democrat in his political' 
views. He married Miss Bettie Taylor, Aug- 
ust 11, 1879, a native of Mississippi, and they 
have five children: W. L., Stella, now Mrs. L. 
E. Seaman, of Minerall Wells, Maud, Than and 
John R. 

DR. JOHN ALBERT PIEDRICK, phy- 
sician and surgeon at Dalhart, has been identi- 
fied professionally and as a public-spirited citi- 
zen with this northwest corner of the Pan- 
handle ever since the town of Dalhart 
sprang into existence. He is highly regarded 
in business circles and has been connected 
with business affairs in this section of 
Texas about as long as any other man. As 
a physician and surgeon he has attained high 
rank, deservedly on account of his skill and 
thoroup'h professional knowledge, and in 
whatever ' relation he has become known to 
his fellow citizens he has shown ability and 
high worth. 

Born in Homer, Louisiana, in 1864, Dr. 
Hedrick is the son of a physician, his father, 
Dr. W. C. Hedrick, a native of Mississippi, 
having been a practicing physician for over 
forty years. He came to Texas from Louisiana 
in 1868, locating at Bryan, and later moved to 
Calvert, where he lived until 1880, and then 
went to Ennis. He is now retired from prac- 
tice and lives at Wilderville, this state. Dr. 
Hedrick's mother, Emily (Perkins) Hedrick, 
now deceased, was born at Brookhaven, Mis- 
sissippi. 

A resident of Texas since he was four years 
old, Dr. Hedrick, after obtaining a good pri- 
mary education, finished at Ennis College. He 
then took up the study of pharmacy and be- 
came a druggist, and in 1887 he came out to 
the Panhandle and established a drug store 
at Clarendon, being one of the pioneer mer- 
chants of that city, where he continued in the 
drug business for ten years. In the meantime, 
as occasion offered, he had taken up the study 
of medicine privately, and whenever it was 
possible he attended medical lectures in the 
medical department of Fort Worth University. 
Before his graduation, however, he passed the 
necessary examination before the state board 
entitling him to practice, and in 1897 he entered 



164 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



upon actual practice at Bridgeport, this state. 
Later he returned to the Panhandle and estab- 
lished his office at Canyon City, in Randall 
county. Having graduated in iqoi from the 
medical department of Fort Worth Univer- 
sity, on April 4 of the same year he came to 
Dalhart, which town and its vicinage have 
since been the field of his professional en- 
deavors. 

The El Paso line of the Rock Island Rail- 
road was being graded through Dalhart when 
he located there, and where it junctioned with 
the Fort Worth and Denver line there was 
established a new town, which, after being 
named variously during its incipient stages, be- 
came finally plotted as Dalhart in July, 1901, 
at which time the first sale of town lots was 
held. Dr. Hedrick makes a specialty of surg- 
ery, although his practice is of a general na- 
ture, and he now has all the professional busi- 
ness that he can consistently attend to. He 
is local surgeon for both the Rock Island and 
the Fort Worth and Denver Railways, and is 
a member of the Rock Island System Surgical 
Association, and of the Panhandle and the 
Texas State Medical societies. At the present 
writing he is serving as secretary of the Dal- 
hart school board. Fie belongs to the Ama- 
rillo lodge of Elks, to the Woodmen and other 
orders, and is specially prominent in Knights 
of Pythias circles, being grand representative 
from this district to the grand lodge of the 
state and is deputy grand chancellor for the 
state. 

Dr. Hedrick and wife are members of the 
Methodist church. Fie was married at Clar- 
endon to Miss Dot Ward, of Henrietta, and 
they have three sons. 

HON. DANIEL W'ELDON ODELL. It is 
a notable fact that the lawyer figures more 
prominently in public life than any other one 
class of citizens. The reason is evident and 
needs no explanation here, for the qualities 
which would fit one for successful practice — 
analytical power, keen discernment and logical 
reasoning— also equip him for the mastery of 
the important questions relating to the wel- 
fare of county, state and nation. Mr. Odell, 
practicing at the bar of Cleburne, has gained 
a large clientage and in public life has wielded 
a wide influence, various public honors hav- 
ing been conferred upon him. 

He is a native of Crockett, Houston county, 
Texas, and a son of Judge J. M. and Arabella 
( Murchison) Odell. The father was born in 
Tennessee, in 1832, and came to Texas, locat- 



ing in Houston county, which was his home 
until 1871. Fie then removed to Cleburne, 
where he has lived since that time, and he 
served here upon the bench. His wife, also 
living, was born in Mississippi. 

Hon. Daniel W. Odell was a young lad when 
his parents came to Cleburne and in the pub- 
lic and private schools of this city he ac- 
quired his education. He took up the study 
of law in the office of Crane & Ramsey, the 
partners being Hon. M. M. Crane and Judge 
W. F. Ramsey, constituting one of the strong 
law firms of the Cleburne bar and after thor- 
ough preliminary reading he was admitted to 
the bar in 1892. Here he has won a creditable 
place as a member of the legal fraternity, hav- 
ing manifested strength in argument, strong 
logic in his persistent force and thorough fa- 
miliarity with the principles of law involved. 

Mr. Odell has also figured prominently in 
political circles and was the Democratic nomi- 
nee of the legislature in 1892. In 1894 he was 
elected county attorney and was re-elected in 
1896, but resigned in 1897 and the following 
year was chosen to represent his district in 
the state senate. In 1900 he was a delegate 
at large to the Democratic convention at Kan- 
sas City, where W. J. Bryan was nominated 
for the presidency, and in 1902 and again in 
1904 he was a member of the state executive 
committee of the Democratic party. In the 
state senate he served as president pro tern, 
was a member of judiciary committee No. 1, 
chairman of the committee on state affairs and 
a member of other important committees. He 
took an active part in much constructive leg- 
islation and was interested in the various ques- 
tions which came up for settlement, giving 
to each his earnest consideration and then sup- 
porting or opposing with force, as he thought 
best for the interests of the state. He became 
most widely known perhaps through his oppo- 
sition to the payment of money under the Hogg 
fee bill. Returning to his home he resumed 
his practice of law as a member of the firm of 
Odell, Phillips & Johnson and they have a 
large and important general practice. 

Mr. Odell was married to Miss Birdie C. 
Murchison, whose parents came from eastern 
Texas to Fort Worth, and thev now have three 
children, Arabella, Mary and Weldon. Mr. 
Odell is a man of dignified demeanor, modest 
and unostentatious, but his ability is widely 
recognized in the liberal law practice accorded 
him and the public honors that have been con- 
ferred upon him. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



i6< 



WILLIAM CALVIN HODGES. In the 
person of William C. Hodges the grain 
business of Bellevue is ably represented and 
capably handled and his acquaintance over a 
wide scope of territory surrounding his mar- 
ket wields a beneficent influence in the matter 
of trade and his establishment vies with the 
other leading marts of Bellevue for a fore- 
most place as a business-winner for the town. 

We have in William C. Hodges a distin- 
guished American character. Not distin- 
guished, especially, on account of an exhibi- 
tion of genius in some particular line of our 
American affairs, but because of the genuine- 
ness of his American blood. The Virginia Ran- 
dolphs, eminent statesmen of their day, point- 
ed to their pride of ancestry as their greatest 
family distinction because the blood of Poca- 
hontas coursed through their veins. Equally 
distinguished is our subject, for he is the great- 
grandson of a Sioux chieftain whose tribe 
disputed the possession of the Missouri river 
and all the country northwest of it in the first 
quarter of the nineteenth century. 

Mr. Laidlaw, an Englishman, established 
himself along the waters of the Missouri river, 
in the forepart of the century just passed, and 
engaged in barter and trade with the Sioux 
and other tribes of Indians. His dealings with 
them were so eminently fair and his manner 
so easy and simple that he was named by his 
red brethren, "the Good White Man." He 
shipped his furs and other articles of commerce 
down the river to St. Louis and there supplied 
himself with wares for his trade. He grew 
wealthy at the business and finally established 
himself on a large plantation in Clay county, 
Missouri, and settled down to a more quiet and 
uneventful life. While engaged in Indian-trad- 
ing he made many fast friendships among the 
prominent people of the Sioux tribe, particular- 
ly with a chief whose eldest daughter was ap- 
proaching womanhood, and this friendship he 
turned to his own advantage by winning the 
love of the young maiden of the forest. Her 
tribal name is unknown and when she became 
Mrs. Laidlaw and was preparing to leave her 
family for the society of the "palefaces" for- 
ever, it was the Indian custom that all prin- 
cesses, when about to desert their father's 
wigwam, should hand down to their next older 
sister all jewels and other ornaments worn as 
the insignia of their position and it took all 
the courage in our young Indian wife to make 
this sacrifice. She accompanied her husband 
to his farm and there they lived in the ut- 
most peace and harmony together. They oc- 



casionally visited the tribe and kept in touch 
with the chief's family until after Mr. Laid- 
law's death, when communication ceased, ex- 
cept such visits as annually took place. 

The Laidlaw above referred to was the 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch. His 
home was situated near Kearney Station in 
Missouri and comprised several hundred acres 
of rich land and upon it he built a three-story 
frame residence with twenty rooms, where he 
entertained lavishly and in the style of the 
rich frontiersman of his time. He kept a herd 
of buffalo »for many years, as a sort of consola- 
tion for his squaw wife, and it required a cor- 
ral twenty rails high to hold them. He en- 
gaged in stock-raising and farming and was 
one of the foremost men of his county. He died 
about 1855, being the father of: William and 
James, who died young; Mrs. Kate McClin- 
tock, Mrs. Mary Lurty, Mrs. Lizzie Wallace, 
Mrs. Nannie McNeeley, Mrs. Jane Waller and 
Mrs. Julia Halbert, constituted the remaining 
children, including, also, Mrs. Margaret 
Hodges, the mother of William C. Hodges, 
our subject. Mrs. Laidlaw was an incessant 
smoker, was slow in learning to speak English 
and for some time she kept her little grand- 
son, our subject, to act as her interpreter. She 
was one of several children and when her hus- 
band died she grew restless and wanted to re- 
turn to her tribe and she was carefully watched 
to prevent her doing so. 

William C. Hodges was born in Clay county, 
Missouri, March 28, 1856, a son of William F. 
and Margaret Hodges. The father was a cab- 
inet maker and blacksmith, in Clay county, 
where his father, Calvin Hodges, settled, from 
Alabama, many years before the Civil war. 
William F. Hodges died, at the age of twenty- 
five, and in time his widow married Gardner 
Alder, of Buchanan county, Missouri. William 
C. Hodges was his mother's first and only child 
by her first marriage, but the Alder children 
were : Flora, wife of William Wade, of Needles, 
California ; James, of Clay county, Texas : Che- 
loma, who married A. J.' Enoch, of California; 
Maggie, and Bertie, who was married and left a 
child at death. 

At about fifteen years of age Mr. Hodges 
began life independently, having acquired only 
a limited education. Farming engaged him all 
through his meanderings, as a wage-worker 
and finally as the proprietor of a farm, until he 
came to Bellevue and engaged in mercantile 
pursuits. In 1872 he came to Texas and as a 
youth in his teens he worked about in Hender- 
son, Smith and Tarrant counties, returning to 






HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Missouri and remaining until 1874, when he 
came again to the Lone Star and worked a 
couple of years in Tarrant county. He then 
went into Denton county. He left Kansas 
City with three dollars, made the trip through 
without untoward incident and got a job at 
ten dollars a month from farmer Tandy, near 
Fort Worth. At the end of a year he was draw- 
ing eighteen dollars a month and when he 
reached Denton county he employed with 
Squire Shipley, on Zillaboya creek. He worked 
about in several places and finally got to crop- 
pining on the shares with Mr. Jamison. While 
there he married and continued to farm until 
1889, when he came to Clay county and en- 
gaged in the grocery business in Bellevue the 
following year, which was succeeded by the 
grain and feed business in 1899. 

Mr. Hodges was married in Collin county, 
Texas, on January 21. 1879, to Miss Lua:: Smith. 
a daughter of the widely known pioneer Texan, 
C. L. Smith, of Prosper. Mr. Smith is one of 
the old time head-right men of the state, was 
mustering-out officer in the Mexican war and 
has been eminently successful in business. He 
is a large land owner, owns the mill and ele- 
vator at Prosper and is president of the bank at 
that place. He is a native of the state of Ken- 
tucky, is eighty years old and by his marriage 
with Miss Mellissa Hawkins is the father of: 
Bristo W., of Prosper ; Cordie, who first mar- 
ried Moses Taylor and. second, James Haw- 
kins, died in Denton county: Eddie is the wife 
of S. B. Harbison, of Deaf Smith county; Mrs. 
Hodges, born in 1858; Emily, wife of Mortimer 
Spradling, a Bellevue merchant; Kate, wife of 
William J. McCormick, of Prosper ; J. A. 
Smith, of Denton: Edgar Smith, of Denton. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hodges' children are : Loma, 
wife of Moma Hudson, of Clay county, and has 
children, Fannie, Verna and John Calvin; Wil- 
liam Edgar, with the Santa Fe Railway Com- 
pany ; Margaret Melissa, Hettie and Bertie. 

JOHN J. LYDON, joint car inspector, who 
since 1886 has continuously been in the railroad 
service and now makes his home at North Fort 
Worth, where as an officer he is also well known, 
was born at Weston, Lewis county. West Vir- 
ginia. His father, John Lydon, Sr., was a native 
of county Galway, Ireland, and after arriving at 
years of maturity was married to Mary Fahey, 
whose birth occurred in the city of Galway. They 
had emigrated previous to this time to America 
with their respective parents, settling in Lewis 
county, West Virginia, and there both passed 



away, their remains being interred in the cemetery 
at Weston. The father was a successful man in 
business and left a valuable estate, and the old 
Lydon homeplace, comprising four hundred and 
sixty acres of land, is rich in oil resources. It is 
still in possession of John J. Lydon and his broth- 
ers and sisters. 

Thomas Fahey, a maternal uncle of our sub- 
ject, is a prominent old time citizen of Lewis 
county, West Virginia, and is likewise the owner 
of property interests in North Fort Worth. He 
is the father of W. J. Fahey and the father-in-law 
of W. E. Bideker, both of Fort Worth, the latter 
being chief of the fire department there. 

John J. Lydon was reared to farm life and 
came to Texas in 1881 when twenty-one years 
of age, locating at Fort Worth, and was em- 
ployed by the Texas & Pacific until 1886. He has 
been constantly in the railroad service, beginning 
in that year with the Fort Worth & Denver Rail- 
way, since which time his name has been upon 
the pay rolls of that company. Previous to 1898 
he had charge of the yards of the Fort Worth & 
Denver road in the former city and in the year 
mentioned he was appointed chief joint car in- 
spector for the railroads entering Fort Worth, 
the headquarters of this inspection being at Fort 
Worth, where he has made his home since 1902. 
In this connection he is serving the following 
railroad companies : The Texas & Pacific, the 
Fort Worth & Denver, the Missouri, Kansas & 
Texas, the Santa Fe, the Houston & Texas Cen- 
tral, the Cotton Belt, the Red River & Rio 
Grande, the Rock Island, the International & 
Great Northern and the Frisco roads, and in ad- 
dition to these the North Texas Traction Com- 
pany also participates in joint inspection. Mr. 
Lydon is likewise a member of the well known 
grocery firm of Lydon & Company, doing busi- 
ness on South Main street in Fort Worth, the 
store being under the active management of the 
brother, M. M. Lydon. 

John J. Lydon was married in Fort Worth to 
Miss Maggie Mulholland, a daughter of H. A. 
Mulholland, who is represented elsewhere in this 
work. They have a wide and favorable acquaint- 
ance in the city socially and Mr. Lydon is quite 
prominent in local political circles. At the first 
election held in North Fort Worth after the or- 
ganization of the new municipality he was elect- 
ed alderman by a larger majority than was re- 
ceived by any candidate for any other office here. 
He has since been a member of the city council 
and he is likewise a valuable member of the 
school board. Flis home, at the corner of Twelfth 
and North Rusk streets, is prettily located, and is 




MR. AND MRS. JOHN J. LYDON 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



167 



one of the substantial structures of the city, be- 
ing a two-story dwelling, built in modern style 
of architecture in the year 1902. 

HON. DAVIS E. DECKER. The name of 
Hon. Davis E. Decker is enduringly inscribed 
on the pages of Texas' history in connection 
with the records of her jurisprudence. His su- 
perior ability has won him marked success; he 
has been crowned with high judicial honors; 
and both in business and private life has won an 
enviable reputation. Northwestern Texas num- 
bers him among her honored sons and political 
leaders. He was born in Henderson county, 
Texas, in 1866, a son of J. T. and Nila (Thomp- 
son) Decker. The father was born in King- 
ston county, New York, was a mechanic by 
profession, and when a young man he came to 
Henderson county, Texas, his death there oc- 
curring in 1889. His wife, who survives him 
and is now a resident of Quanah, was a native 
of Henderson county, Tennessee, but during 
her childhood days removed with her parents 
to Henderson county, Texas, and there gave her 
hand in marriage to Mr. Decker. 

Hon. Davis E. Decker spent the early years 
of his life on the old home farm in Henderson 
county, and it was largely through his own ef- 
forts that he acquired his liberal education. He 
graduated at Southwestern University, George- 
town, Texas, with class of 1888, being now a 
member of its Phi Delta Theta fraternity, and 
his law studies were pursued at Midland, Texas, 
under R. H. Zane, his admission to the bar oc- 
curring there in August, 1889. In the follow- 
ing February he came to Quanah and began the 
practice of law. From the first he became 
known as a man of high attainments and prac- 
tical ability as a lawyer, but he has ever used his 
intellect to the best purpose, and his influence 
soon extended far into professional and politi- 
cal circles. In 1894 he was honored with the 
election of county attorney, and two years later, 
in 1896, was made district attorney of the Forty- 
sixth judicial district, while in 1898 he was 
elected a member of the legislature to repre- 
sent the old Panhandle district before its divi- 
sion into districts, thus serving for two terms. 
In 1902 he became a state senator from this, the 
Twenty-ninth senatorial district, and being a 
hold-over member will serve until 1906 on his 
present term. During the last session of the 
senate Mr. Decker was chairman on the com- 
mittee on privileges and elections, much of the 
time being taken up with the consideration of 
the Terrell election law, the most important 
measure passed by that session. He was also 



a member of the committee on military affairs, 
and introduced and had passed the bill that 
made the Texas Volunteer Guard a part of the 
National Guard, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the Dick Bill in the national congress. 
He energetically fought the Quarantine Bill, 
and it was largely through his efforts that it was 
defeated, the passage of which would practically 
have ruined the cattle industry in the Panhandle 
district. He is a pleasant and forceful speaker, 
and since entering public life has been a prom- 
inent figure at all the Texas political gather- 
ings of note. He is a member of one of the 
leading law firms in Quanah, that of Fires and 
Decker, of which Judge A. J. Fires of Childress 
is the senior member. They have offices at 
both Quanah and Childress. 

Mr. Decker was married at Georgetown to 
Miss Jennie Morrow, and they have two chil- 
dren, Morrow and Margaret. Mr. Decker 
is a member of the Methodist church, the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, the Knights of Pythias and 
Elks. For a number of years he has been ac- 
corded a prominent position at the Texas bar, 
and his professional career is an honor to the 
district which has so honored him. 

FLAVIOUS G. McPEAK, superintendent at 
Fort Worth of the Southwestern Division of 
the American DeForest Wireless Telegraph 
Company, for the past ten or twelve years has 
been well known in this portion of Texas 
through his prominent connection with finan- 
cial and business affairs. A native of Tennessee, 
near Memphis, he is related to some of the best 
families of that state, including among the 
members President Polk and Governor Neil 
S. Brown, the former a paternal relative and 
the latter on the mother's side. Mr. McPeak's 
father is Rev. G. B. McPeak, who is still living 
in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 

Reared and educated in Wilson county, near 
Lebanon, Tennessee, Mr. McPeak's business 
experience began at Nashville, in the banking 
and brokerage business, for several years being 
connected with the Bank of Commerce of that 
city. With experience and natural ability to 
fit him for large usefulness in the field of 
finance, he soon took his place among the as- 
tute brokers of his time. He removed to Chi- 
cago in 1893 and opened the stock and bond 
department for the well known house of Lam- 
son Brothers and Company, but owing to cli- 
matic conditions was soon forced to return 
south. In May, 1894, he located in Fort Worth, 
and both as a public-spirited citizen and busi- 
ness man has been very closely identified with 



i68 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



this thriving, hustling Texas city ever since. 
By fair dealing and the native courtesy which 
is manifest in all his relations with others, he 
built up a large brokerage business in the 
city, numbered among his patrons being many 
of the best known business men, capitalists 
and investors of Fort Worth and the south- 
west. He was an active member of the Fort 
Worth and Chicago boards of trade and of 
the New Orleans Cotton Exchange. In Aug- 
ust, 1904, Mr. McPeak discontinued the bank- 
ing and brokerage business of F. G. McPeak 
and Company in order to devote all his busi- 
ness attention to the American DeForest Wire- 
less Telegraph Company, in which he is a di- 
rector and a stockholder and superintendent 
of the Southwestern division with headquarters 
at Fort Worth. He is engaged in extending 
this wonderful system of modern telegraphy 
throughout the southwest, the first stations 
having been erected at Fort Worth and Dal- 
las. This is the only successful wireless sys- 
tem operated on land, its stations now extend- 
ing from the Atlantic inland to Chicago, Kan- 
sas City and the Southwest, also including nu- 
merous naval and merchant marine vessels. 
Wireless telegraphy has passed the experi- 
mental stage and has already entered upon its 
wide domain of commercial practicality and 
usefulness. The DeForest Company, since its 
organization under a charter from the state of 
Maine in the latter part of 1902, has installed 
its service with successful results in the larg- 
est American cities, and has many times over 
proved its efficiency in competition with the 
wire telegraph lines. Aside from the fact that 
messages are daily sent between distant points 
with all the accuracy secured by the old sys- 
tems, the significant feature of this new ser- 
vice is its economy in rates, resulting from the 
absence of poles, wire and right of way re- 
quired by the old system. In identifying him- 
self with this great modern enterprise Mr. 
McPeak has devoted his executive and busi- 
ness talents Id an excellent cause. In addition 
to his active connection with the telegraph 
company Mr. McPeak is director of the West- 
ern National Bank and vice president of the 
Fort Worth Iron and Steel Manufacturing 
Company, both of Fort Worth. 

By his wife, whose maiden name was Miss 
Johnnie C. Lester, Mr. McPeak has seven 
children ; namely, Lessie P., Flavious B., Lil- 
lard 1 1., Carrie D., Myrtle, Hubert B. and 
Flavia. The McPeak home is on his Oak Hill 
farm, situated two miles and a half north 



of the court house, where is a beautiful resi- 
dence. 

ORLANDO L. SWEET, a member of the 
board of commissioners and a prominent citi- 
zen of Tarrant county residing north of and 
near Keller, owns there a farm of seventy 
acres of land and also has three hundred and 
twenty acres of land near Haslet in this coun- 
ty. Throughout the greater part of his life he 
has followed farming and stock-raising and 
has prospered in his undertakines here. He is 
a native of Pike county, Illinois, born Decem- 
ber 13, 1857. His parents were Thomas A. 
and Catherine (Burdick) Sweet, who were na- 
tives of the state of New York and in the year 
1858 they removed from Illinois to Texas, set- 
tling first in Wise county, where they remained 
for several years, after which they returned 
to Pike county, Illinois, where Orlando L. 
Sweet continued to make his home until 1873. 
In that year he again accompanied his parents 
to the Lone Star state, the family locating 
near Handley in Tarrant county, where the 
subject of this review grew to manhood. He 
was largely educated in the public schools of 
his native county and in Tarrant county, this 
state, supplemented by knowledge gained 
through practical experience and observation 
in later life. He remained with his father on 
the farm near Handley until twenty-three 
years of age, since which time he has engaged 
in agricultural pursuits on his own account, 
having been familiar with farm work from 
his early youth. In 1904 he took up his abode 
on his farm near Keller in the northern part 
of Tarrant county, but previous to this time 
had resided at Henrietta Creek for a number 
of years and for a short period on Grapevine 
Prairie in Tarrant county. In his farm work 
he is practical and progressive and now has a 
well equipped place, the products of which 
yield him a good financial return annually. 

Mr. Sweet is a member of the Masonic 
lodge at Roanoke, Denton county, the Wood- 
men of the W r orld at Keller and is a Democrat 
in his political affiliation. He is recognized as 
one of the leaders of his party in the com- 
munity and in 1904 was elected commissioner 
of the county for a term of two years, so that 
he is the present incumbent in the office, the 
duties of which he discharges with prompt- 
ness and fidelity. 

On the 22d of April, 1889, Mr. Sweet was 
united in marriage to Miss Emma Clark, a na- 
tive of Tarrant county and a daughter of 
George W. Clark, who resided near Randall, 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



i6q 



this county. Six children graced this mar- 
riage, of whom five are living: Pearl, William 
F., Eva L., Maud and Mary E., while Charles 
M. is now deceased. 

Mr. Sweet is a member of the Methodist 
Protestant church, better known as Sweet's 
chapel at Henrietta Creek. He is a public 
spirited citizen of the community, a stanch 
friend of education and of moral development 
and has given his co-operation to many meas- 
ures that have tended to elevate society and 
advance the substantial improvement and de- 
velopment of this part of the state. 

WILLIAM SMITH CUMMINS. Ad- 
joining the city of Bowie on the west lies a 
country estate of one hundred and sixty acres 
whose natural physical characteristics attract 
the eye of the homeseeker and whose fertility 
and artificial advantages commend it unreserv- 
edly as an ideal habitation for mankind. Up- 
on the crest of a modest incline studded with 
native oak and conspicuous from many points 
of the city, stand two modern and commodious 
cottages, in agreeable companionship with 
each other, and by their generous proportions 
announcing to the passing observer the hospi- 
tality, the good cheer and the sincere "good 
will to men" of its proprietor. This spot of 
earth marks the home of William Smith Cum- 
mins of this personal review. 

For fifty-four years Mr. Cummins has made 
his home in Texas, having come within the 
state's jurisdiction with his widowed mother 
and brothers and sisters as a youth of sixteen 
years in the year 1851. He was born in White 
county, Tennessee, September 9, 1835, whither 
his father, David Cummins, migrated from 
North Carolina in his early life. The latter 
was a millwright, and while he owned a farm 
where he maintained his family he was con- 
stantly occupied with mill-construction all over 
his county until his death in 1847 at fifty-two 
years of age. He chose for his life companion 
Margaret Woods who, like himself, was a dis- 
ciple of the Master, and at their home in that 
early day the Cumberland Presbyterian, among 
other denominations, were wont to hold their 
neighborhood meetings. In this primitive but 
comfortable home the seeds of Christian char- 
acter were sown among children whose lives 
have shown the fruits of their early training 
and who hallow the names and memories of 
their worthy parents. The issue of David and 
Margaret Cummins were : Jane, widow of 
William Basson, of Denison, Texas ; James 
M., of Seymour, Texas; Elizabeth, who mar- 



ried Rev. J. W. Chalk and resides at Pilot Point ; 
Melvina, who died at the age of fourteen years ; 
John G., of Cornish, Indian Territory; William 
Smith, of Bowie, Texas; Nancy, wife of John 
Took, of Colorado county, Texas ; Emily, Mrs. 
Thomas Allen, of Tarrant county, both now 
deceased; David W., of Arizona, and Allison 
B., of Vernon, Texas. 

The education of William Smith Cummins 
was limited by adverse conditions in youth, 
and not until after his advent to Texas did he 
enroll as a pupil in any school. The first year 
of the family residence in the state was passed 
in Dallas county, but in 1852 they moved to 
Tarrant county, where the mother passed away 
in 1854. After his mother's death Mr. Cum- 
mins resumed his vocation as a teamster, 
hauling flour and other provisions with ox 
teams to the frontier at Fort Belknap for 
. Campbell, Cooper and Company. In 1857 ne 
left this employ and went to southern Texas 
and was living on Arassas Bay when the Civil 
war broke out. He returned to Tarrant coun- 
ty and enlisted in Company A, Ninth Texas 
Cavalry, Colonel Dudley Jones, adjutant and 
later colonel, until the war closed, and Captain 
Berry commanding the regiment and company, 
respectively. This regiment was in Ross' Brig- 
ade and the regiment's first encounter with the 
Federals after subject joined it was at Keats- 
ville, Missouri. Seigle's command of Yankees 
was encountered at Bentonville and at Sugar 
Creek, as preliminaries to the battle of Elk 
Horn. After this famous engagement the 
Ninth Texas crossed to the east side of the 
Mississippi river and dismounted and became 
an infantry regiment. It fought at Farming- 
ton, Iuka and Corinth, where Mr. Cummins 
was wounded. He participated in engagements 
at Yazoo City and at Big: Black and at Thomp- 
son's Station, where his brigade met, fought 
and took the opposing brigade on the Vicks- 
burg campaign and after the surrender of Pem- 
berton the force with which he was operating 
was transferred to the east and took part in 
the events of the Atlanta campaign and the 
battles of Jonesboro, Franklin and Nashville, 
where they were one hundred and three days, 
and out of the one hundred and three days 
his regiment fought eighty-three days. At 
the inception of his service in these movements 
Mr. Cummins was detailed from the Ninth 
Texas to join General Ross' Scouts, operating 
along the railroads and in the rear of Sher- 
man's army. Following the annihilation of 
Hood's army his command was ordered west 
again and when the news of Lee's surrender 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



came he was at Cantoti, Mississippi, from 
which place he set out for his western home. 
They were also in the Hood's Tennessee cam- 
paign, his division taking the advance in going 
in and covering the retreat coming out. 

The war had kept Mr. Cummins from home 
nearly four years and at its close he was with- 
out other resources than a willing hand and an 
honest heart. He began substantial recuper- 
ation by applying himself to the carpenter's 
trade and this he followed a few years. Then 
an opportunity presented itself to embark in 
the gin and threshing machine business and 
from this he got into the carding business in 
a small way in Dallas. Out of all these he seems 
to have strengthened his finances very mate- 
rially and when he sold his carding factory in 
1882, his cash resources enabled him to handle 
with credit any business he felt competent to 
undertake. He directed his attention to mer- 
chandising and established himself in Piano. 
For a few years he conducted a general store, 
but later hardware and implements constitut- 
ed his stock. After twelve years of close con- 
finement he found his health threatened and 
he turned his property into money and located 
at Bowie, where he improved and has main- 
tained his home. Only the restful labors of 
modest farming have occupied him here. 

In September, 1867, in Dallas county, Texas, 
Mr. Cummins married Miss Sophia, a daughter 
of J. W. Smith, a farmer who brought his fam- 
ily to Texas from White county, Tennessee. 
He married Miss Susan Marsh, and passed 
away in Dallas county, in 1903, leaving: J. 
H., of Dallas county; W. IF, of Fort Worth; 
Clyde P., of Dallas county, on the old farm 
where they settled twenty years ago; Mrs. 
Mary Wynne, of Dallas county; Mrs. Smith 
Cummins; Mrs. Alta Sears, of Dallas county; 
and Mrs. Sallie Wyatt, of Collin county, Texas. 
Mrs. Smith died October 30, 1905. The issue 
of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Cummins are: 
Minnie IF, widow of W. IF Beacham, who 
died in July, 1904, and who was succeeded as 
treasurer of Montague county by his wife, to 
till the unexpired term. Their children are 
Myrtle and Jack Smith Beacham; Misses Mar- 
garel EL, French A. and Emma A. Cummins 
complete the family, and all four daughters, 
excepl .Mrs. Smith, make their parents' home 
their own. Mr. Cummins and his family are 
Methodists, and in politics he is a Democrat. 

SAMUEL THOMAS HOAYARD of Here- 
Eord, is known all over the state as well as in 
Other parts of the country as an exponent of 



high-class stock farming. During the twenty 
years that he has been in Texas and in this 
line of business he has done as much as any 
other man to raise the standard of excellence 
in cattle, and has thus contributed inestima- 
ble value to the great industry for which Texas 
is most famous. A man of first-class business 
ability, with positive views and high principles 
in business, politics and state affairs, Mr. How- 
ard has throughout his career been an "influ- 
ence" for pure government and wholesome 
social life and progress. 

A native of Monroe county, East Tennessee, 
where he was born August 24, 1842, he was 
the son of a thrifty farmer, Cornelius F. How- 
ard, who was born in east Tennessee and died 
in Monroe county in 1874. His mother, Faura 
iilizabeth (Douthitt) Howard, was a daughter 
of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Douthitt, a pioneei 
Methodist minister in east Tennessee, of prom- 
inent family connections, and widely known 
for his beneficence and his indefatigable indus- 
trv in his Master's vineyard. He was an asso- 
ciate of the celebrated "Parson" Brownlow 
and other noted characters who gave the defi- 
nite stamp of their high convictions and moral 
worth to the early Tennessee. 

From rearing on the Monroe county farm, 
Mr. Howard, when a young man, went into 
merchandising, grain trade and steamboating 
at Foudon, Tennessee, and for several years 
enjoyed a successful business career. In 1882 
he came out to Texas, and, locating at Weath- 
erford in Parker county, went into the sheep 
business incidentally raising hogs, cattle, etc. 
This was a very profitable enterprise until one 
disastrous year in the sheep business swept all 
away until' he literallv had almost nothing left 
but "a cow and a calf." From the bedrock of 
experience, energy and integrity, he began, 
not the least discouraged or dismayed, the task 
of building up again. Coming to Hardeman 
county in northwest Texas in 1891, he started 
a small business in registered Jerseys, and in 
this line, continually^ expanding, he has gained 
his monumental success. He was among the pio- 
neers in this state to import and breed, on a 
svstematic and extensive scale, thoroughbred 
Jerseys, and to such men belongs the credit 
for grading up the cattle in this state to a 
higher standard. Such was his success that 
his was, again and again, the winning herd 
at the state fair at Dallas and at the fine stock 
shows at Fort Worth and San Antonio. Four 
of his Jersey heifers were sold to C. I. Hood, of 
Fowell, Massachusetts, for twelve hundred 
dollars. He sold out his entire Jersey herd 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



171 



in 1896 and then went into the registered Here- 
ford business at Quanah in Hardeman county, 
where he had the same success with his Here- 
fords as with the Jerseys, and his Herefords 
likewise took the first prizes at cattle shows of 
the state. After continuing this enterprise for 
five years he sold out hisdierd to Colonel Burt 
Burnett, of Fort Worth, and Colonel C. C. 
Slaughter, of Dallas. 

In 1901 Mr. Howard came out to the high 
plains country and bought land in Deaf Smith 
county, northwest of Hereford, where he now 
owns thirty-two sections, twenty thousand four 
hundred and eightv-eight acres, land which 
lies in a particularly advantageous part of the 
•county and possesses peculiar superiority in 
soil and water. About three hundred acres are 
devoted to raising rough feed, such as Kaffir 
corn, Milo maize, etc. for stock. He has a 
herd of some of the finest cattle to be found in 
the Panhandle, and all of pure breeds. In 
the spring of 1904 his steers sold for higher 
prices than anybody else's in this country. 

Mr. Howard affiliates with the Masonic or- 
der, and he and his wife are members of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian church. Mr. How- 
ard has been especially happy in his home life, 
and he takes just pride in his fine family of 
young men and women who are growing up to 
fill worthy places in the work of the world. He 
was married in Monroe county. Tennessee, to 
Miss Isadora Kimbrough, and they had twelve 
children, namely: Cornelius L., deceased; 
Myra E., Mrs. Alice A. Lee, Rev. John K., 
Samuel T., Jr., Hugh, Horace, Annie Lee, de- 
ceased; Luella, Earl, deceased; Rhome and 
Willie. 

Rev. John K. Howard has had an especially 
creditable career for a young man. He was 
splendidly educated, having studied four years 
at Trinity University at Waxahachie, where 
for each of these four years he took the high- 
est honors of his class ; this was followed by 
three 5^ears spent in the university at Lebanon, 
Tennessee, where also he three times took the 
highest honors. He further distinguished him- 
self as a student at the Union Theological Sem- 
inary at New York, where he prepared for the 
ministry. After traveling through Europe and 
the Holy Land he returned and at Jackson. 
Tennessee, took charge of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian church, which has a large mem- 
bership. He remained pastor there until the 
summer of 1904, when, owing to his untiring 
devotion to his labors, he was compelled to 
resign the charge on account of ill health, and 
he is now living in the state of Washington, 



being pastor of the Presbyterian church at 
Garfield. 

S. T., Jr., and Horace D., after completing 
their education, as a matter of choice went 
onto their father's ranch, which they have suc- 
cessfully managed for four years. 

CALOWAY DEAN is descended from an 
honored pioneer family of Texas, associated with 
this state when it was an independent republic 
and when it was part of Mexico. He is a leading 
agriculturist and stockman of Clay county and 
a native son of Texas, his birth having occurred 
in San Augustine, September 23, 1852. His pa- 
rents were Caloway and Mary (Clark) Dean, 
both natives of Tennessee, although their mar- 
riage was celebrated in this state. The father 
was born January 11, 181 1,' and the mother's 
birth occurred February 27, 1812. The paternal 
grandparents were John and Mary (Mash) 
Dean, and the great-grandfather, Joshua Dean, a 
native of England, served throughout the Revo- 
lutionary war, after which he settled in North 
Carolina. Subsequently he removed to Kentucky, 
where his remaining days were passed. His son, 
John Dean, was reared in the Blue Grass state 
and later went to Tennessee, where he took up 
his abode and reared his family, living there un- 
til about 1845. when he came to Texas. His death 
occurred in this state in 1858, when he had 
reached the ripe old age of ninety years. 
Throughout his entire life he followed the occu- 
pation of farming and was a man true to every 
obligation that devolved upon him. His chil- 
dren were as follows : William, James, Alford, 
Caloway, Mrs. Mary Hopkins, Jack, Riley (who 
was killed in the Mexican War in 1846), O. H. 
P., Asberry, Russell and Frank. 

Caloway Dean, Sr., father of our subject, was 
reared in Tennessee'and in 1835 came to Texas. 
Later he joined General Sam Houston's forces 
and was at the capture of San Antonio, whereby 
Texas became a republic. He later took up his 
abode in San Augustine county, where he was 
married in 1837 and then opened up a farm there. 
He later engaged in merchandising, remaining at 
that place until 1861, in which year he removed 
to Smith county, where he opened up a new and 
large farm. He carried on agricultural pursuits 
extensively. In the meantime he had become a 
large slave owner, and at the outbreak of the 
Civil War he announced his allegiance to the 
Confederacy and sent supplies from his farm to 
the army. lie was a member of the Texas con- 
vention which declared the secession, but was be- 
yond military age at the time of the war, so that 
he did not join the army. However, he acted on 



172 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



detail duty and did much to assist the troops at 
Tyler, Texas. The war liberated his fifty slaves 
and his estate was largely crippled. During the 
siege of hostilities he had been very ready and 
generous in his assistance to his friends, so that 
at the close of hostilities he found himself sixty- 
six thousand dollars in debt, largely through 
having gone security for others. He was thus 
forced to give up all that he had save his home- 
stead farm. The family, however, remained to- 
gether, working earnestly and persistently to re- 
cuperate their fortunes, and in his last days Mr. 
Dean was enabled to enjoy the fruits of the labors 
of life. In politics he was a very stanch Demo- 
crat and was regarded as a leading and repre- 
sentative citizen of San Augustine and Smith 
counties. He filled various offices of honor and 
trust in the republic, was district clerk and also 
clerk of the board of land commissioners. In 
whatever locality he lived he became a man of 
influence and prominence, being well fitted for 
leadership. He was a consistent member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, South, being long 
identified with the organization, and was a Royal 
Arch Mason. He was closely associated with all 
of the leading men of Texas and his opinions 
were favorably received in matters relating to 
the welfare of the state. His integrity and honor 
were above reproach and the number of his 
friends was limited only by the number of his 
acquaintances. He passed away May 25, 1892, at 
the very advanced age of eighty-one years, and 
his wife died in 1857. She was a daughter of 
Barnes Clark, a native of Tennessee, who came 
to Texas in 1837, and settled in San Augustine, 
about 1840. He became a prominent and suc- 
cessful farmer and slave owner, a typical repre- 
sentative of the gentlemen of the old school, and 
was widely esteemed by all who knew him. In 
his family were eight children : Barnes, Jr., John, 
T. D., Caroline, the wife of Judge J. D. Berry; 
Mary C, who became Mrs. Dean; Mrs. Cassan- 
dra Crane, Mrs. Francois and Joan, the wife of 
J. Landers, and after his death married J. Ken- 
nedy. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Caloway 
Dean, Sr., are: R. S., who was killed in the Con- 
federate service in the Civil War; John, who 
served for four years with the Confederacy ; 
Mary, the wife of S. H. Horton ; Carrie, the wife 
of A. F. Butler; Joan, the wife of L. Hyer ; 
James, who died at the age of sixteen years, and 
Caloway. 

Caloway Dean, whose name introduces this 
review, is a native son of Texas, representing an 
honored pioneer family. After attending the com- 
mon schools he continued bis studies in Marvin 
College, at Waxahachie, Texas, and lie remained 



under the parental roof until his marriage. He 
afterward cared for his father during the closing 
years of his life. In 1874, at Starrville, Smith 
county, Texas, Mr. Dean was joined in wedlock 
to Miss Lucy Boger, a lady of culture and intel- 
ligence, who was born in Georgia, in 1857, and is 
a daughter of Daniel C. and Teressa (Moss) Bo- 
ger, who came to Texas in 1861, settling in Up- 
shur county, where the father followed farming, 
operating his land with the aid of his slaves. He 
also handled salt at Saline for the Confederacy 
for four years and was on detached duty in con- 
nection with the army. He was a very promi- 
nent and influential Democrat, attended conven- 
tions of the party and worked earnestly for its 
success. In 1876 he cast in his lot with the pio- 
neer residents of Clay county, arriving here in 
November of that year. His death occurred in 
1880 and thus passed away a most worthy and re- 
spected man. He was of German descent and was 
a member of the Lutheran church. In his family 
were the following children: Allen T., a farmer 
and stock-raiser ; O. P., engaged in the same 
pursuit; Mrs. Dean, Martin W., Mattie E., the 
wife of M. J. Wicker, and Vera, who married 
Joseph Wicker, now deceased. 

At the time of his marriage Caloway Dean 
was engaged in merchandising and later he 
turned his attention to farming, but subsequently 
again became connected with mercantile pur- 
suits, which he followed for four years. In 1896 
he came to Clay county and purchased the inter- 
est of the other heirs in two sections of land, 
whereon he yet resides. He has since added one 
thousand acres and he is now engaged in farm- 
ing and cattle-raising. He has six hundred acres 
under cultivation and fine pasture lands, afford- 
ing him excellent opportunity for raising stock. 
His entire time and attention have been given 
to his agricultural interests and he has placed 
substantial improvements upon his farm and is 
regarded as one of the most practical, progressive 
and prosperous agriculturists of the community. 
The home has been blessed with the following 
children: Richard S., born May 15, 1875; Mar- 
tin C, December 2, 1876; Mabel, October 25, 
1878; James C, September 24, 1880. and Forrest 
O., December 16, 1882. Ethel, born January 10, 
1884, died at the age of one year. 

Mr. Dean was reared in the faith of the Demo- 
cratic party, of which he has always been a stanch 
advocate, and in Smith county he served for six 
years as county commissioner, but he is not a 
politician in the sense of office seeking. Fra- 
ternally he is a Royal Arch Mason and he is a 
consistent member of the Missionary Baptist 
church, while his wife is a member of the Bap- 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



173 



tist church. They are highly esteemed people 
and those who know them entertain for them 
warm regard. Mr. Dean is a man of excellent 
business ability, enterprising and determined, and 
in his agricultural interests is meeting with a 
very gratifying measure of success. 

PROF. JAMES W. DRAUGHON. The 
Nelson-Draughon Business College of Fort 
Worth, of which Professor Draughon is presi- 
dent and his capable wife vice president, has, 
during its existence in this city supplied a force 
of efficient, practical graduates in business 
methods who, individually and collectively, are 
daily affording the highest testimony to the 
worth of the institution in the field of pro- 
ductive education. The Nelson-Draughon 
College graduate has the distinctive stamp of 
thorough training which only a few schools 
can give and which is usually the result of 
practical experience. The large business firms 
of North Texas, from past experience with its 
students, have come to recognize the superior- 
ity of the methods of business trainii.g em- 
ployed in the Nelson-Draughon school, and 
give its graduates precedence when a selection 
of assistants is made. In fact, in the past the 
college has been unable to supply the demand 
for its trained graduates, and its place among 
the practical educational institutions of North 
Texas is deserving of the highest rank. 

Prof. James W. Draughon, to whose ability 
as an organizer and instructor so much of the 
success of the institution is due, was born 
at Springfield, Tennessee, in 1869, a son of 
Jesse and Mary (Batts) Draughon, both of 
whom were born and died in Tennessee. The 
achievement of success on the part of Profes- 
sor Draughon has been the result of constant 
and persevering effort from youth up. He had 
to work his way through college, and early 
gained an intimate knowledge of the practical 
and definite system of methods by which the 
great colossus of modern business is carried on. 
He received most of his education at the 
Springfield Collegiate institute, recognized for 
a number of years as one of the best colleges 
in the southern states. The practical side of 
bookkeeping he learned in an office, and re- 
ceived further business experience as book- 
keeper in a mercantile establishment at Tex- 
arkana, Arkansas, where he located at the 
age of nineteen. His skill with the pen is al- 
most phenomenal and as a teacher of penman- 
ship he has no superior and few equals. He 
taught bookkeeping at Texarkana, and later 
returned to Nashville, where he taught the 



first pupil enrolled in the Draughon Business 
College at that place, remaining at the head 
of the commercial department of that college 
seven years. He has been actively engaged in 
business college work for fifteen years, and 
during this time has assisted in building up 
many commercial colleges throughout the 
south. In 1899 he located permanently in Fort 
Worth, and in the latter part of 1903 he with- 
drew his interests from all other institutions 
and established the Nelson-Draughon Business 
College, having associated with him his wife, 
Mrs. Odella (Nelson) Draughon, the college 
being named for himself and wife. At the 
time of this writing (April, 1905) the college 
has two hundred and fifty pupils, and its suc- 
cess in all departments is most gratifying. The 
school has received many flattering endorse- 
ments from the leading business and profes- 
sional men of Fort Worth, and its status is 
further assured by the character of the fol- 
lowing men who are stockholders and directors 
of the college: Ben O. Smith, cashier Farm- 
ers' and Mechanics' National Bank; W. E. 
Connell, cashier First National Bank ; .G. H. 
Colvin, cashier American National Bank ; A. 
E. Want, president Want Grocery Company. 

Professor J. W. Draughon is in various other 
ways a factor for the material upbuilding and 
civic advancement of his adopted city. On 
coming to this citv he at once indicated his 
confidence in its future by investing in real 
estate, and these judicious investments have 
made him a wealthy man. He owns a beauti- 
ful residence at 704 West Seventh street. He 
was one of the organizers and is vice president 
of the Factory club, which was recently or- 
ganized by public-spirited citizens to promote 
the industrial growth of the city. Likewise a 
Christian gentleman and interested in extend 1 
ing the religious and moral influences of his 
city, he is a member of the First Baptist church 
and assistant superintendent of the Sunday 
school ; also secretary and treasurer of the Tar- 
rant County Sunday School Association. 

Mrs. O'Della Nelson-Draughon, who co-op- 
erates with her husband as vice president of 
the Nelson-Draughon College, and who is a 
noted teacher of shorthand, has had many 
years of successful experience in business 
college work. Entering a business college as 
soon as her literary education was completed, 
she graduated in January, 1892, and since that 
time has had a varied and extensive experience 
as a court reporter and practical stenographer 
and as a teacher of shorthand, having been em- 
ployed five years as a stenographer and 



174 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



court reporter and since then as a teacher of 
shorthand. An enthusiastic fondness for her 
chosen work, coupled with her skill as an in- 
structor, has made Mrs. Draughon an ideal 
worker in her special field, and without doubt 
she has instructed more young men and women 
now holding responsible positions throughout 
the southern states, than any other two short- 
hand teachers of her age. A woman of high 
educational attainments and of distinctive per- 
sonality, she has impressed her influence upon 
hundreds of younger people and gained for 
herself and her institution a prestige which will 
not soon be lost. The people of Fort Worth 
and Texas are to be congratulated on having 
in their reach such an educational institution 
as the Nelson-Draughon Business College un- 
der the painstaking supervision of Professor 
and Mrs. J. W. Draughon. 

WILLIAM CORY SMITH. The mail 
service of Bowie is efficiently presided over by 
a gentleman whose connection with this im- 
portant department of the government service 
has been wide and varied and who is familiar 
by reason of long experience with every detail 
of this complex system. Since the 21st of 
July, 1897, the patrons of the Bowie office have 
known him as their postmaster, where he has 
shown himself an ideal public servant. 

Mr. Smith is a native of the middle Atlantic 
states, having been born in Pittsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1858. July 29 was his natal clay 
and his father was George S. Smith, a whole- 
sale dry goods merchant of East Liverpool, 
Ohio. The family was one of the first to' set- 
tle the town of East Liverpool and was estab- 
lished there by William G. Smith, the grand- 
father of the subject of this review. The lat- 
ter passed his life as a merchant, and died in 
Tacoma, Washington, in 1896, at ninety-six 
years of age. George S. Smith was born in 
East Liverpool in 1836, and left there in i860, 
taking his family to Kansas and establishing 
it in Atchison, where he passed his remaining 
years as a merchant, dying in 1891. His an- 
cestry was German, while that of his wife was 
Scotch-Irish. He married Rebecca A. Cory, a 
daughter of William Cory, a West Virginian 
and a farmer near East Liverpool, Ohio. Mrs. 
Smith resides with a daughter in Lamberts- 
ville, New Jersey, and is the mother of: Fre- 
mont, of El Reno, Oklahoma; William C, our 
subject, and barilla, wife of John Lilly, of 
Lambertsville, New Jersey. 

1 'he high school at Leavenworth, Kansas, 
finished William C. Smith's literary education. 



He manifested a decided tendency for music 
and he was put to the piano at ten years of 
age and at the age of fourteen had finished 
his work under Professor Francis Simon, a. 
pupil of one of the German universities. Be- 
ginning life while yet a mere youth, Mr. Smith 
went into a piano house in Atchison, Kansas,, 
and was an important adjunct to the place un- 
til he entered the mail service in 1876. At that 
time he was made delivery clerk of the Atchi- 
son office and passed through every branch 
of the service to and including superintendent 
of carriers. In 1885 he went on the Santa Fe 
railroad as postal clerk, his run being from 
Santa Fe to Deming, New Mexico, but aban- 
doned his run to accept the superintendency of 
carriers in the Atchison postoffice. In 1886 
he removed with his family to California, 
where, in Los Angeles, he remained four years,, 
a brief portion of which time he passed in the 
Los Angeles office at the urgent request of the 
postmaster, who knew of his efficiency in the 
handling of Uncle Sam's mails. In 1890 he 
returned to Atchison for a year and in 1891 
located in El Reno, where he joined his brother 
in a mercantile venture in that city. He re- 
mained there three years and came to Bowie,, 
in July, 1895, to take the position of bookkeeper 
in the dry goods department of the firm of R. 
W. Greathouse and Company. Following this 
employment he was appointed postmaster of 
the city to succeed E. A. Gwaltney and took 
the office, as previously stated, in July, 1897. 

November 3, 1886, Mr. Smith married, in 
Atchison, Kansas, Florence, a daughter of 
Samuel Guerrier, an Englishman who came 
from Shropshire, where at Oaken Gates, Mrs. 
Smith was born July 25, 1868. Mr. Guerrier is 
a leading citizen of South McAlester, Indian 
Territory, where as a corporation lawyer he 
is widely known. George S. Smith, Mr. and 
Mrs. Smith's only son and heir, is fourteen 
years of age and was made an Elk at McAles- 
ter, Indian Territory, in 1903, being, therefore, 
the youngest Elk in the world. Fie is intensely 
musical, has a fine voice and sings everything 
in original keys. 

CHARLES BIRK. president of the First 
National Bank at Iowa Park, Wichita county, 
is one of the self-made men of North Texas. 
"There is no education like adversity," and 
truly in the school of "hard knocks" Mr. Birk 
passed his early days, but as his life has ap- 
proached its season of maturity in years, so 
likewise have the strenuous efforts of the past 
reached a generous fruitage of material weL 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



175 



fare, wealth of honor and respect from his 
friends and associates and a well-builded char- 
acter. 

Born in the village of Sasbach, in the grand 
duchy of Baden, Germany, in 1844, he- lost his 
father, Jacob, and also his mother when he 
was in infancy. Only a few years later, when 
still a child, he began by manual work to earn 
his living, and throughout' youth and young 
manhood necessity was the goad that inspired 
him to effort, and his mental training was 
meager indeed. But that home of his early 
boyhood, though so devoid of personal com- 
forts and advantages, remains still in many 
ways a beautiful memory to him. His home 
was in one of the most picturesque parts of 
all Germany, about twelve miles from the mag- 
nificent Rhine river, near the Black Forest with 
its legends and history, and the people among 
whom he was reared were mainly engaged in 
the cultivation of small farms and raising of 
high-class fruits. In such environment he at 
least learned the noble lessons of industry and 
simplicity, and despite the ever-broadening 
horizon of his later years the "simple life" has 
always appealed to him and been a composite 
part of his nature. 

He spent some time across the borderland 
in Switzerland, and in 1865, when twenty years 
old, he entered the German army as a member 
of the Second Infantry of Baden. He served 
in the war between Prussia and Austria, and 
altogether served two years in the military. 
In 1868 he came to the United States, landing 
at New Orleans on the 28th of November, re- 
maining in that city about three months. He 
had only a very slight knowledge of the Eng- 
lish language when he arrived, but he was 
very apt in acquiring it. From New Orleans 
he went to Franklin, Louisiana, and remained 
a year in this center of the sugar industry. His 
next destination was up the Mississippi to 
Washington county, Mississippi, where he was 
employed for three months in the warehouse 
of a general merchant, and then in the lat- 
ter's store, where he acquired valuable business 
experience. After about two years spent in 
Washington county he went to Summit, in the 
same state, where for the following seven 
years he was in the store of W. T. White. Be- 
ing, as he was by this time, thoroughly equipped 
in practical business experience and with 
knowledge of American life and customs, in 
1878 he came to Texas and after a short so- 
journ at Dallas located at Ferris, in Ellis coun- 
ty, and went into business on his own account. 
He was highly successful, and at this place 



laid the foundation for his financial prosperity. 
He was numbered among the successful men 
of Ferris for thirteen years, and in 1891 he 
arrived in Iowa Park, Wichita county, where 
he has since lived. For the first few years he 
gave his attention to no active business, but in 
1895 he started a grocery store, later adding 
dry-goods and making it a general store, which 
he managed very profitably until February, 
1903, when he sold out. 

Mr. Birk was one of the influential men who 
organized the First National Bank of Iowa 
Park, in 1900, and he has been president of this 
prosperous and reliable moneyed institution 
throughout its history. The bank has always 
been in a very flourishing condition, having a 
capital stock of twenty-five thousand dollars, 
and while its deposits are now over ninety 
thousand they have run as high as one hun- 
dred and twenty-five thousand dollars. Mr. 
Birk owns, in the vicinity of Iowa Park, six 
rich farms, aggregating over eighteen hun- 
dred acres and the source of a very large an- 
nual income, and he has also valuable business 
property in Iowa Park. Mr. Birk is one of the 
old Odd Fellows of this part of the state, hav- 
ing joined the order at Summit, Mississippi, in 
1873- 

Mr. Birk was married in 1891 to Miss Lucy 
Kilbourn, of Dallas county, this state. 
She belongs to one of the old and influential 
families of the state. Her father, Dr. Gustavus 
Adolphus Kilbourn, was a native of Ohio, and 
in Sangamon county, Illinois, was married to 
Miss Fannie Lance. She was a native daughter 
of Kentucky, and her father, Otway Bird 
Lance, was a historical character in Dallas 
county, Texas, where he located as a pioneer 
in 1851, only a few years after the Mexican 
war and at a time when the country about Dal- 
las was just opening up to settlement. In 1853 
Dr. and Fannie Kilbourn also located in Dal- 
las county, this state, and they too were among 
the earliest residents there. Dr. Kilbourn con- 
tinued active practice of medicine for a num- 
ber of years at Lancaster and in that vicinity, 
and was greatly esteemed in all circles. Mrs. 
Birk has thus been identified with Texas life 
and environments during all her life, and has 
the charm of manner and warm-hearted char- 
acteristics for which the women of Texas are 
so noted. Mr. and Mrs. Birk have four chil- 
dren, Ralph, Eunice, Ernest and Frances. 

JOHN B. POPE, of Clarendon, is a repre- 
sentative cattleman of the Panhandle country. 
Having devoted all his adult years to the cat- 



i?6 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



tie industry and spent nearly all that time in 
this section of the Lone Star state, he has, so to 
speak, grown up with the country, and so 
closely has he been identified with the life and 
activity of Northwest Texas that scarcely any 
part of its history is unfamiliar to him. He 
is a very prosperous man, has been uniformly 
successful from the start, and, beginning in the 
employ of others and without capital, by his 
industry and business sagacity he has become 
one of the most substantial and financially re- 
liable men of his section of the state. 

Mr. Pope was born in Jasper county, Georgia, 
in 1850. His parents, both native Georgians, 
were J. C. and Mary L. (Clark) Pope/ His 
father died in 1898 in Jasper county, where he 
had lived a long number of years as a farmer. 
The mother is still living at Monticello, Jasper 
county. 

Reared on the farm in Jasper county, Mr. 
Pope spent the first twenty-one years of his 
life there, and in February, 1871^ started for 
Texas. Stopping at Birdville, in Tarrant 
county, he worked for Dr. Finley about six 
months, and then started west with the Bird 
boys, their objective point being Fort Griffin, 
Shackelford county. On arriving there Mr. 
Pope went to work as a cowboy with Matthews 
and Reynolds, the well remembered extensive 
cattlemen of those days. This was the begin- 
ning of his connection with the cattle industry, 
and he has been at it ever since. He was in 
the employ of Matthews and Reynolds until 
1873, when as a cowboy he assisted Kit Cooper 
take a bunch of cattle to Colorado, their route 
lying through the Indian nation and western 
Kansas into eastern Colorado. In 1875 Mr. 
Pope returned to work for Matthews and Rey- 
nolds, and later for several years was an em- 
ploye of Nick Eaton on the lat'ter's ranch at 
Phantom Hill, in Jones county. In 1879 he 
came with Eaton to Mobeetie, in Wheeler 
county of the Texas Panhandle, and for the 
subsequent quarter of a century has been iden- 
tified with this high plains country. At that 
time Dodge City, Kansas, was the nearest 
railroad shipping point, and they drove cattle 
thither through Indian Territory. The entire 
Panhandle was then an open, unsettled region, 
almost its only human denizens being those 
engaged in the cattle business. In 1882 Mr. 
I 'ope went into partnership with R. E. Mc- 
Nulty, now of Fort Worth, and took a bunch 
of cattle over into the Indian country in what 
is now Greer county, Oklahoma, where they 
remained until 1884. In the latter year he en- 
tered the employ of Hughes and Simpson on 



the Mill Iron ranch in what is now Hall county, 
south of the Red river, and from that point he 
drove a great many beef cattle to Wichita 
Falls, Texas. His last period of employment 
with other parties was in 1885 with Bugbee 
and Coleman. 

During these latter years Mr. Pope had been 
accumulating considerable money from his 
wages, and had been investing most of it in 
yearling steers. About 1887 he began to buy 
land in small pieces, these forming the nucleus 
of his present magnificent ranch in Hall county, 
which consists of eleven thousand two 
hundred acres lying along the Red river in the 
most fertile and productive region of North 
Texas, being situated twelve miles west of 
Memphis. This is one of the best and most 
profitable ranches in the country, and acre for 
acre it is the equal or superior of any in North- 
west Texas. Mr. Pope made his home on this 
ranch until 1901, when he moved to Clarendon 
and purchased a fine residence, and he man- 
ages his ranching business from this city. He 
is now considered a wealthy man, and has 
been successful in his enterprises throughout 
the thirty or more years which he has spent in 
Texas. While working for others he was 
known as a conscientious, hard-working man, 
gaining the respect and confidence of all his 
associates, and since he has become independ- 
ent he has been equally popular with his fel- 
low citizens and with those in his employ. 

Mr. Pope, in addition to following busi- 
ness affairs so closely and successfully, has 
also taken a prominent part in public matters. 
He is an ex-county commissioner of Hall 
county. He is a loyal Methodist, and is one of 
the board of trustees of Clarendon College. He 
is likewise well known in Masonic circles. 

He was married at Newlin, Texas, in 1891, 
to Miss Attie M. Embry, a native of Ellis 
county, this state, and they have two children, 
John B., Jr., and Mary L. 

JUDGE JAMES TILLMAN SMITH, bet- 
ter known as Judge Tillman Smith, one of the 
brainy and successful representatives of the 
Fort Worth bar, who entered upon active par- 
ticipation in the affairs of the world at an early 
age by becoming a soldier in the Civil war, and 
who has been identified intimately with the 
development and welfare of North Texas dur- 
ing nearly all the forty years subsequent to 
the war, rilling an important place not only in 
his profession, but in the legislature and in 
other departments of activity, is a native of 
Anson county, North Carolina. His parents, 




STERLING P. CLARK 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



177 



William C. and Mary Anne (Tillman) Smith, 
were both natives of the Old North state, and 
both died at Cleburne, Texas, the father in 
1886 and the mother in 1899. 

When the Civil war broke out the son Till- 
man was a student at Davidson College in his 
native state, and though less than seventeen 
years old, he enlisted in the' Confederate service 
in Company C, Fourteenth North Carolina 
troops, under Colonel R. T. Bennett as regi- 
mental commander, General Stephen Ramseur 
brigade commander, General D. H. Hill di- 
vision commander, Jackson's Corps, Army of 
Northern Virginia. He saw most of his service 
during the crucial campaigns in Virginia. He 
was wounded in the battle of Sharpsburg 
(known in the north as Antietam), September 
17, 1862, and again wounded at the battle of 
Chancellorsville May 3, 1863, which latter 
wound disabled him so that he had to leave the 
army. 

After leaving the field of war he resumed his 
education, becoming a student in the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. But he 
soon made up his mind to seek a field for his 
life efforts in the west, and accordingly arrived 
in Texas on June 28, 1865. He studied law 
and was admitted to the bar at Brenham in 
April, 1866. His first location on his coming 
to this state had been in Hill county, but he 
soon moved to Navasota, in Grimes county. 
He was located at Hillsboro from April, 1866. 
to the following October, and then returned to 
North Carolina and remained about a year. 
On again taking up his residence in Texas he 
located at Navasota, in Grimes county, and 
was engaged in the practice of his profession 
there until October, 1876. During this time he 
attained to considerable prominence in his part 
of the state and in 1874 was elected to represent 
his district in the state legislature, and in 1876 
was chosen to the senate from the fifteenth 
senatorial district, composed of the counties of 
Grimes, Madison, Walker and Trinity. He re- 
signed this office, however, in order to enter 
upon practice at Cleburne in partnership with 
Hon. A. W. DeBerry, who at that time was 
secretary of state. His powers as a lawyer in- 
creasing with his years, he sought a larger field 
for his professional activity, and in 1891 moved 
to Fort Worth, where he has since been en- 
gaged in attending to a large and constantly 
increasing practice. For several years he has 
practiced in partnership with his son, William 
C. Smith. 

Mr. Smith is a prominent member of several 
fraternal orders, having affiliations with the 



Masons, the Knights of Honor and the Frater- 
nal Mystic Circle. He is a member of the su- 
preme lodge of the Knights of Honor and is 
chairman of the committee on appeals and 
grievances. 

Mr. Smith was married in South Carolina 
November 27, 1867, to Miss Ellen Peguese, a 
native of that state. She died at Navasota, and 
he was subsequently married at that place to 
Miss Emma Adela DeMaret, who is a native 
of Louisiana and a member of one of the French 
families of St. Mary's parish. Mr. Smith's 
children, five in number, are as follows: Will- 
iam C. Smith, lawyer and in partnership with 
his father; DeMaret Smith, also a lawyer and 
is in the office of C. H. Yoakum, Texas attor- 
ney for the Frisco System ; Selwyn Smith, Felix 
Smith and Ellen Peguese Smith. 

STERLING P. CLARK. Born in 1861, on 
his father's farm in the northern part of Tarrant 
county. Sterling P. Clark has been identified by 
almost lifelong residence with this part of Texas 
and as one of the leading exponents of the cattle 
industry, as also by reason of the prominent part 
taken by him in public affairs, he is one of the 
best known and most honored citizens of Tarrant 
county and the city of Fort Worth. 

Mr. Clark is a son of the late Pressley H. and 
Jane Blakely (Johnson) Clark. His father and 
mother were both born and for many years lived 
near Hopkinsville, Christian county, Kentucky, 
came with his family, wife and one daughter, 
Sarah Ann, now Mrs. D. E. Wolf of Hemphill 
county, Texas, to this state in 1856 and became 
one of the pioneer settlers of Tarrant county. 
Three children were born in Texas : John W., 
Mattie T., now Mrs. T. D. McLaughlin of Sny- 
der, Oklahoma Territory, and our subject. Their 
first home was near Birdville, the old county 
seat, and later they removed to the northern part 
of the county, on Henrietta creek, six miles 
northeast of Blue Mound, to the farm on which 
Sterling P. was born. A successful farmer 
and stockman, the father lived in Tarrant county 
during a period which would class him among 
the pioneers, and along with other settlers, in the 
early days had many a brush with the Indians, 
on one occasion being captured by the redskins ; 
Dr. Barkley, the father of Lon Barkley, of Fort 
Worth, being his fellow victim in this incident. 
During the Civil War Pressley H. Clark enlisted 
from Tarrant county in the Sixth Texas Cavalry 
for service in the Confederate army. John W. 
Clark, a brother older than Sterling, who died 
in 1883, was a member of the famous Texas 
Rangers and saw service against the Indians in 



i 7 8 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



West Texas. Both the parents spent the latter 
years of their lives in Tarrant county, the father 
dying at the age of seventy-seven and the mother 
at eighty. 

The son Sterling was reared in the really 
primitive environments of Tarrant county, at a 
time when the country had advanced little from 
its pioneer status, and he received only what 
schooling was available in the northern part of 
the county when he was a boy. One of the inci- 
dents of his early boyhood reveals in a striking 
way the rapid progress and development that in 
the course of less than forty years have trans- 
formed this part of Texas from a wilderness into 
one of the principal industrial and commercial 
points of the great southwest. Reference is 
made to an adventure which he and another boy 
of similar age experienced in being chased by a 
band of Indians when they were only a short 
distance from their homes, and, although they 
made good their escape, the incident was one not 
likely to be forgotten. This occurred in 1869. 
Mr. Clark has had a full quota of experience as 
a cowboy in West Texas, and the cattle industry 
is familiar to him in every detail. At the age of 
twenty-one he engaged in the drug business at 
Keller, Tarrant county, but, his health failing 
him in this occupation, he soon engaged in the 
cattle business and has made this his permanent 
vocation. Of late years his interests have ex- 
panded to such a degree that he is now ranked 
among the largest cattlemen of Tarrant county. 
He owns nearly two thousand acres of Tarrant 
county land and a ranch of ten sections in Hemp- 
hill county in the Panhandle, besides leasing sev- 
eral sections in Runnels county. As one of the 
prominent cattlemen of the state, he served for 
some time as vice president of the North Texas 
Live Stock Commission Company at North Fort 
Worth, and is a member of the Texas and the 
Panhandle Cattle-Raisers' Associations. 

Influential and active in the public life of his 
county, Mr. Clark has given his services to the 
public welfare in a way that marks him as one 
of the larger men of affairs. After serving sev- 
eral years as deputy sheriff of Tarrant county he 
was elected sheriff in 1896, and by successive re- 
elections, in 1898, 1900, served till November 17, 
IQ02. During this time he was president of the 
Sheriffs' Association of Texas, and while in of- 
fice it was his duty to hang the only white man 
ever legally executed in Tarrant county — a train 
robber. 

Mr. (lark married Miss Sophia Putman, a 
daughter of J. J. and Julia (Moore) Putman, 
August 9, 1899. Her father came from Wiscon- 
sin to Texas in 1872 and settled on one of the 



oldest ranches in the county of Tarrant, the Cap- 
tain Loyd ranch. Mr. Clark and wife have two 
living children, Mabel and Sterling P., Jr., their 
first child, Mattie Belle, having died at the age 
of one and one-half years. Mr. Clark is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Order, No. 145, Fort Worth, 
also the Knights of Pvthias and Woodmen of the 
World. 

LEE BIVINS is one of the most successful 
individual cattlemen in the Panhandle country, 
and a highly esteemed and well known citizen 
of Amarillo. He has been an active factor in 
the affairs of this portion of the state since 
1890, and has carried on his ranching oper- 
ations on a large scale, comparable even to 
those of the large cattle corporations of this 
part of Texas. 

Mr. Bivins is a Texan by birth, and is by 
early training and natural predilections a cat- 
tleman and rancher. He was born at Sherman, 
Grayson county, October 7, 1862. His father, 
O. C. Bivins, is one of the best known men in 
that part of the state and has had a most suc- 
cessful business career. He was born in In- 
diana, and came to Grayson county in 1854, be- 
ing still a resident of Sherman, that county, 
although retired from active life. During most 
of his active career he was a miller, having been 
the first miller of Grayson county, and he ran 
the old mill at Farmington during and subse- 
quent to the Civil war. He at present owns 
valuable farming lands in Grayson county. 
Mr. Bivins' mother is Elizabeth (Miller) 
Bivins, a native of Tennessee. 

Mr. Bivins received his early education in 
the public schools of Grayson county. He was 
sixteen years old when he entered upon his 
career as a cattleman. In those days Grayson 
county was still to a great extent a cattle 
country, with large ranches, and it was on his 
father's ranch in the southwestern part of the 
county that he began the cattle industry. He 
later went into the mercantile business at Farm- 
ington, and also at Sherman, and continued his 
career of merchandising until 1890. The lat- 
ter year was the date of his arrival in the Pan- 
handle, and his first location was at Claude, in 
Armstrong county. He went into the cattle 
business at that place, and in his continued 
operations along that line he has since been 
uniformly successful. When he came here he 
made large investments in lands and city prop- 
erty, and their subsequent marked rise in value 
has brought him most of his fortune. He has 
almost universally made his investments with 
great skill and "foresight, and this business 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



179 



sagacity has been many times rewarded in the 
course of a few years. He now owns about 
thirty thousand acres of land in Potter and 
Carson counties, and he leases about that much 
more in order to afford range for his cattle. He 
confines most of his operations to the raising 
and handling of steers, and his individual suc- 
cess in the business has been very great. For 
the past few years he has made his home in 
Amarillo, and is at the present writing a mem- 
ber of the city council. While living in Arm- 
strong the people elected him county commis- 
sioner, and wherever he lives he proves him- 
self a solid and substantial citizen of the com- 
munity. Besides his ranch lands, he owns some 
valuable city property. Mr. Bivins is a mem- 
ber of the Panhandle and of the Texas Cattle- 
Raisers' associations, and fraternally is af- 
filiated with the Elks and the Knights of 
Pythias. 

Mr. Bivins' wife is Mary E. (Gilbert) Bivins, 
and they have two boys, Miles and Julian 
Bivins, and they reside in one of the most beau- 
tiful and modern homes of Northwest Texas. 

WILLIAM S. DOUGLASS. The firm of 
Douglass Brothers is a well known quantity in 
the domain of ranch and farm in Clay county, 
and its. operations, near Bellevue, cover a con- 
siderable extent of territory and embrace a 
large amount of personal property. It is com- 
posed of William S. and Alexander Hamilton 
Douglass, whose advent to the county dates 
from 1882. 

The Douglasses came to Texas from .Wilson 
county, Tennessee, where, on August 3, 1837, 
the subject of this notice was born. William C. 
Douglass was the father of our Texas branch 
of this family and he was also born in Tennes- 
see. Plis father was James Douglass, of North 
Carolina birth, who moved up into Tennessee 
and died near Gallatin about 1848 at nine •/- 
two years of age. The latter married Cathe_.ne 
Collier and their sons and daughters were : Al- 
fred, James, Henry, Robert, Young, Isaac, Will- 
am and Edwin; the daughters, Matilda and 
Louisa. 

William C. Douglass' life was passed in his 
■native state until about 1844, and it was as a 
farmer that he started in life. He married Lucy 
Anna, a daughter of William and Nancy 
(Mabry) Seawell, in Wilson county and, in 
1844, emigrated to St. Clair county, Missouri, 
where, as a trader and farmer, he became well 
known. In 1858 he brought his family to Texas 
and first settled in Grayson county, passing the 
Civil war period there and removing into Cooke 



county in 1875. In 1883 ne came a ste P farther 
west and joined his sons in Clay county, where 
his death occurred in 1884. Fie was a man of 
strong personality, vigorous and active to the 
last, and of commanding influence among men. 
He commanded a company of Home Guards 
during the rebellion and was a strong adherent 
to the principles ■ of early-day Democracy. 
While he lived in St. Clair county, Missouri, he 
was elected county judge and served as such 
for a time. 

The Seawells were Tennessee people by 
adoption, but went to Wilson county, that state, 
from North Carolina. William and Nancy Sea- 
well had one son and three daughters, as fol- 
lows : Lucy Anna, Gerry, Nancy W., wife of 
A. L. Hamilton, and Adelaide, who married 
Jasper Ashworth. Lucy A. married William 
C. Douglass and died near Bellevue, Texas, in 
October, 1887. 

Nine children constituted the family of Will- 
iam C. and Mrs. Douglass, namely; William, 
our subject; Matilda, of Dallas, Texas, wife of 
Judge J. M. Hurt; Adelaide, who died in Clay 
county as the wife of Hiram Spencer; Elbridge 
G., state superintendent of the Rusk peniten- 
tiary for many years ; Katie, who died in Gray- 
son county in 1863 ; Alexander Flamilton, born 
at Osceola, Missouri, in 1852; Ellen, wife of 
J. F. Alcorn, of Clay county ; Alfred, who passed 
away in Cooke county, and Jessie, wife of 
Walter Hubbard, of San Bernardino, Califor- 
nia. 

William S. Douglass grew to manhood in 
St. Clair county, Missouri, and was liberally edu- 
cated in the Lebanon (Tennessee) Academy 
and in a similar institution in Osceola, Mis- 
souri. He adopted the livelihood of his father, 
in the main, and has passed his life with the 
varied interests of a well conducted farm. 
When he reached the grazing country of Texas 
he embarked in the cow business and has gradu- 
ally grown to have an interest in that industry. 
During the war he enlisted in the Thirty-fourth 
Texas infantry, Colonel Alexander, and spent 
one year in the Indian service. The regime it 
had a few brushes with the Indians near Tahle- 
quah and was afterward dismounted and served 
as infantry in the Western Department. Mr. 
Douglass participated in the battles of New- 
tonia, Prairie Grove, Mansfield, Pleasant Hill 
and Yellow Bayou, returning thence to East 
Texas, where the regiment was disbanded on 
the break-up of the Confederacy. 

Alexander H. Douglass was six years of age 
when he was brought into Texas and he was 
educated in the primitive schools of Grayson 



i8o 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



county. He attained his majority there and on 
engaging seriously in the battle of life allied 
himself with his brother William and for many 
years their interests have been identical. Stock- 
raising and farming have been pursued by him 
with success and the Douglass ranch of two 
thousand acres, fenced and cross-fenced and 
substantially and conveniently improved, repre- 
sents the reward which has come to the brothers 
for the efforts they have put forth. They are 
raising Durham cattle and horses and mules, 
and in feeding and shipping they have also 
limitedly engaged. 

In 1881 Alexander H. Douglass married Miss 
Mattie Brown, a daughter of Samuel P. Brown, 
a Virginia gentleman, who died in Grayson 
county. As a result of their marriage the fol- 
lowing children have been born : Yula, Jessie, 
Fannie, Ida, Vera, Warren and Margaret, all 
of whom still abide under the parental roof. 

While Douglass Brothers are known as Dem- 
ocrats, they are best and most widely known 
as industrious stock farmers and in this domain 
exclusively have they achieved their success. 
Their ranch lies three miles west of Bellevue 
and their commodious home caps a conspicuous 
elevation covered with native oaks and is visible 
for miles around. By nature they are prompted 
to the substantial encouragement of whatever 
promises good to their community or county 
and are unreservedly classed among the repre- 
sentative men of Clay county. 

JUDGE EMMETT W. NICHOLSON. 
During a long period Judge Emmett W. Nich- 
olson has practiced at the bar of Jack county, 
and during that time his rise has been gradual, 
but he today occupies a leading: position among 
the representatives of the legal profession in 
Jacksboro. His reputation has been won 
through earnest, honest labor, and his high 
standing is a merited tribute to his ability. His 
birth occurred at Dallas, Texas, on the 24th of 
August, 1858, his parents being Colonel Ed- 
mund I', and Elizabeth (Griffin) Nicholson, the 
former of whom was born in Jackson, Missis- 
sippi, but came to Dallas in the early '50s. En- 
listing for service in the Confederate army dur- 
ing the Civil war, he became an officer in Gen- 
eral Gano's regiment, rendering distinguished 
service throughout the struggle between the 
north and south. He, too, was a lawyer by pro- 
fession, and was a broad-minded, progressive 
man and public-spirited citizen, in all life's re- 
lations having been found true to the duties of 
professional and social life. In 1865, with his 
family, he left Dallas and went to Kansas City, 



where the succeeding ten years were spent, go- 
ing thence, in 1875, to St. Louis, and in 1877 
took up their abode in W T eatherford, Parker 
county, Texas. His life's labors were ended 
in death on the 10th of January, 1903, and his 
wife, who was a native of New Orleans, has 
also passed away. 

The educational training of Emmett W. 
Nicholson was received principally in Kansas 
City. He studied law in his father's office, and 
was admitted to the bar at Weatherford July 24, 
1879, at once beginning the practice of his 
chosen profession with his father. On the 31st 
of December, 1880, he came to Jacksboro, the 
county seat of Jack county, which place has 
ever since continued as his home, and here he 
has won distinction as a practitioner at the bar. 
At the time of his arrival here the town was 
but a small settlement, and his interests have 
grown with the progress of the place and the 
surrounding country. In 1886 Mr. Nicholson 
was the choice of his fellow citizens for the of- 
fice of county attorney, re-elected in 1888 and 
in 1892 was their choice for the high official 
position of county judge, again receiving a re- 
election in 1894. He is well informed on the 
subject of jurisprudence in its various depart- 
ments, his arguments are forcible, his reason- 
ing sound, his deductions logical, and he has 
won many notableNforensic triumphs. 

Mr. Nicholson was united in marriage at 
Gainesville to Miss Annie E. Aynes. whose 
father, D. S. Aynes, was a prominent merchant 
of Gainesville. They have three sons, Clarence 
AVilliam, Eugene H. and Frank. Mr. Nicholson 
is the owner of a large and valuable library, 
and his name is inscribed high on the roll of 
legal practitioners in Western Texas. His re- 
ligious views are indicated by his membership 
in the Presbyterian church, while his fraternal 
relations are with the Knights of Pythias. 

LEWIS JUDSON MOYER. Horticulture 
is rapidly taking the place of agriculture in the 
fruit section of Montague county and Lewis J. 
Moyer of this review is among those who bids 
welcome the sudden and sure transformation 
from the old staple to the new. For twenty- 
one years he has followed the custom of culti- 
vating "King Cotton" and with a degree of 
success that has brought satisfaction on the 
whole. While his means were by no means 
burdensome when he came to the county, they 
were not quite a minus quantity, and with them 
he has had a rather handy and useful lever in 
prying up the obstacles under which substantial 
additions to his future wealth were hidden. In 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



c8i 



the fall of 1885 Mr. Moyer bought the claim 
interest of a party on a tract of Pinola county 
school land between five and six miles north- 
east of Bowie. Not much had been done on the 
place to make it habitable, but a log house of 
rude structure offered shelter to his family 
while conditions were shaping for our subject 
to replace it with something better, and he 
moved his family in. He was from the north, 
where good houses and barns and other sub- 
stantial improvements were common, and it 
was his ambition to make his new farm a dupli- 
cate of those of the scenes of his childhood at 
the earliest possible date. Now, when his early 
hope has been realized, the comfortable mod- 
ern cottage, the modest stock barn, the clean- 
appearing premises and general air of his sur- 
roundings tell the story of his achievements. 

Lewis J. Moyer was born in Wabash county, 
Indiana, May 3, 1852. His father, Henry 
Moyer, accompanied his father, Matthias 
Moyer, into Wabash county from Ohio at an 
early day, and upon their arrival there planted 
the seed and engaged in the nursery business, 
Both were identified with that industry Until 
their deaths, the father dying in 1866, at forty- 
two years of age. Henry Moyer married 
Rachel, a daughter of John Bowman. Orlando, 
who died aged four years ; Andrew, who died 
aged five years ; Lewis J. ; Alonzo, of Colorado ; 
Oliver M., who died aged three years, and 
Henry A. were the issue of this union. Mrs. 
Moyer married Benjamin Ulsh in Kosciusko 
county, Indiana, and in 1885 came with him to 
Texas, and died in Montague county in 1894. 

Lewis J. Moyer's boyhood life was a rural 
one and his education was obtained from the 
proverbial country school. At fifteen years of 
age he shook himself free from what he felt to 
be the tyrannical hand of his stepfather and 
went over into Illinois, where, in Will, Macon 
and other counties, he worked by the month 
on a farm. He was absent from home three 
years and on returning he engaged in ditching 
in summer and cutting cord wood in winter, 
which labor he followed for two years. Having 
saved sufficient to provide himself with a plug 
team he engaged in farming rented land. He 
found his circumstances improving as time 
passed and when he decided to locate in Texas 
he came here with about nine hundred dollars 
in cash. A flashlight of his early years here has 
already appeared to the reader and it is suffi- 
cient to disclose his substantial accumulations 
by mentioning the addition of two farms to his 
original one of sixty-five acres, on which a son- 
in-law resides, and another of eighty acres three 



miles southwest of Stoneburg, which has lately 
been sold. 

Mr. Moyer was married, in Kosciusko county, 
Indiana, February 20, 1872, to Rachel A. Dan- 
ser, a daughter of Asa and Julia (Smith) Dan- 
ser. Mrs. Moyer was born in Kosciusko 
county March 11, 1852, and is the mother of 
Cora, wife of Samuel Williams, of Montague 
county; Maggie, who married William Mar- 
tin, and has a daughter Ora, and her second 
husband is George Martin ; Frank, of Temple.. 
Oklahoma, and Asa and Earl, still at the family 
home. While Mr. Moyer has been drawing; 
into his larder some of the substantial things- 
of life, he has devoted little time or attention! 
to matters affecting the state. On national is- 
sues he belongs to the dominant American 
political party, but in local matters he has been 
pleased to ally himself with the interests of his 
neighbors and friends in his county. He be- 
lieves in the Christian religion and communes 
with the Methodist congregation, 

EUGENE C, ORRICK. For a number of 
years past Eugene C. Orrick has practiced at 
the bar of Fort Worth, and during that time 
his rise has been gradual, but he today occupies 
a leading position among the representatives 
of the legal profession in the county. His repu- 
tation has been won through earnest, honest 
labor, and his high standing is a merited tribute 
to his ability. He was born in Canton, Missis- 
sippi, in 1864, a son of Nicholas C. and Mary 
(Semmes) Orrick, natives respectively of Vir- 
ginia and Georgia. The father located in Mis- 
sissippi in 1859, where he followed merchan- 
dising, and as a Confederate soldier served 
throughout the period of the Civil war, in which 
he was wounded in 1863. His death occurred 
in Canton in 1897, and in that city his widow 
yet resides. 

In the schools of Canton Eugene C. Orrick 
received his first school training, there also 
studying law under F. B. Pratt. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1884, having taken his 
course in Notre Dame University and received 
his diploma for civil engineering, which he fol- 
lowed several years. After practicing for about 
a year in Canton he removed to Sunflower 
county, in the Delta country, where he was en- 
gaged in the active practice of his profession 
until 1891, and during his residence there also 
served as county superintendent of schools 
with notable ability. In the year mentioned, 
1891, he came to Forth Worth. Gradually his 
practice here has increased, as he demonstrated 
his ability to successfully handle the intricate 



182 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



problems of jurisprudence, and today he has a 
large clientage which connects him with the 
leading litigated interests of the circuit. His 
professional life has been somewhat exceptional 
for the lasting character of his partnerships, of 
which he has had but two since coming to this 
city, the first being the Hon. J. Y. Hogsett, their 
firm name being Hogsett & Orrick, and this 
was dissolved only by the retirement of Mr. 
Hogsett from practice, and the second J. C. 
Terrell, Jr., the present firm name being Or- 
rick & Terrell. For three years Mr. Orrick 
served as a member of the city council, repre- 
senting the Eighth ward, and at the time of his 
election the issue of a better water supply for 
the city was the leading question before the 
people, there being two plans proposed, each 
having its advocates, one being to secure a sup- 
ply of water by damming Trinity river, the 
other to get the supply by digging artesian 
wells. In making his canvass Mr. Orrick advo- 
cated the latter theory, and after his election 
ably seconded and assisted Mayor Powell in 
carrying out the artesian well policy, which was 
highly successful and which has resulted in 
giving Fort Worth as pure and as ample a 
water supply as any city in the country. In 
November, 1902, the council elected him city 
attorney of Fort Worth, which office he has 
ever since filled with credit and distinction, 
and it was due to his investigation and de- 
cision as city attorney that the first asphalt 
pavement was laid in this city. He is an ener- 
getic and successful lawyer, and in addition to 
his duties connected with his office he enjoys 
with his p: rtner a large and lucrative private 
practice. 

Mr. Orrick was married in Canton, Missis- 
sippi, to Miss Ellen Mhoon, of that city, and 
they have four children, Mary Mhoon, Eugenia 
Semmes, Elizabeth Bailey and James Nicholas. 
Mr. Orrick is a member of the Catholic church, 
and is also identified with the Knights of Co- 
lumbus. 

A. C. REYNOLDS, a veteran of the Confed- 
erate army, actively and successfully interested 
in agricultural pursuits in Montague county, 
was born in middle Tennessee October 21, 1832, 
and was reared upon the home farm of his pa- 
rents, Henry and Mary (Brown) Reynolds, the 
former a native of Kentucky and the latter of 
Virginia. The father was descended from an 
honored old Virginian family and was one of nine 
children : William, Benjamin, James, John, Hen- 
ry, Betsy, the wife of A. Campbell ; David, Rich- 
ard and Andrew. 



Henry Reynolds was born in Kentucky, and 
with his parents removed to Tennessee, where 
he was reared to manhood and married. He was 
a blacksmith bv trade and followed that pursuit 
in middle Tennessee for a number of years, after 
which he removed to Alabama, settling on vacant 
land. There he also engaged in blacksmithing, 
in connection with which he improved a farm, 
making it his home up to the time of his death, 
which occurred in October, 1886, when he had 
attained the advanced age of eighty-six years. 
He lived the life of a plain mechanic and farmer, 
never aspiring to public office but respected by 
all for his genuine worth of character. His 
wife, who passed away in 1844, was a daughter 
of John Brown, of Virginia, who became a pio- 
neer resident of Alabama, where he followed 
farming throughout his remaining days. In pol- 
itics he was a Democrat and he became a highly 
respected and worthy resident of the community 
in which he made his home. He was twice 
married, the children of the first union being 
Mrs. Rany A. Horton and Mrs. Mary Reynolds, 
while the children of the second marriage were: 
William, Mort, James, Fred, Tom and Mrs. Dol- 
ly Reynolds, the second wife of Henry Reynolds, 
father of our subject ; and Ibby. 

The children of the Reynolds family were: 
Andrew, who died in Alabama leaving a wife 
and two children ; Sally, the wife of H. Duke ; 
John, a blacksmith ; Arthur C. ; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Wilborn ; Mrs. Ann Maples ; David, who served 
in the Confederate army ; Mrs. Nancy Brown ; 
and Mrs. Lucinda Davis. 

A. C. Reynolds was born in middle Tennes- 
see and when ten years of age accompanied his 
parents on their removal to Alabama, where he 
was reared, remaining under the parental roof 
until twenty-four years of age. In 1857 he re- 
moved to Titus county, Texas, where he was em- 
ployed until 1861, when he enlisted in the Con- 
federate army under Captain Beason in Maxie's 
regiment, which was assigned to the Army of 
the Tennessee. He participated in many hotly 
contested engagements and skirmishes, includ- 
ing the battles of Murfreesboro, Franklin, Per- 
ryville, Chickamauga and others of less impor- 
tance. He saw hard service, undergoing all the 
deprivations and hardships of war. He was never 
taken prisoner but he was three times wounded, 
sustaining two flesh wounds, one through a part 
of the shoulder that has since been a constant 
source of annoyance to him. He was a faithful 
soldier, alwavs on duty, displaying valor and loy- 
alty on the field of battle, and never but once 
did he receive a furlough and that near the close 




MR. AND MRS. A. C. REYNOLDS 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



183 



of the war, making a visit to his home in Febru- 
ary, 1865. On the expiration of his term he 
started back to join his command but while on the 
way heard that Lee had surrendered and re- 
turned home, so that Mr. Reynolds himself never 
surrendered. 

In August, 1865, A. C. Reynolds was married 
in Titus county and settled' on a tract of unim- 
proved land, which he at once began to cultivate, 
remaining there until November, 1877, when he 
removed to Montague county and later sold the 
Titus countv farm, investing in land in the coun- 
ty where he still resides. He bought three hun- 
dred and twenty acres, which he yet owns. He 
has built a more spacious house here with good 
barns and outbuildings and now has a well im- 
proved farm property three miles northeast of 
Nocona, where he carries on general agricul- 
tural pursuits, raising diversified crops, and when 
the open range lasted he raised and handled 
stock, being quite successful. He largely raises 
wheat, oats, short cotton and corn and although 
there have been a few years in which the drought 
has been detrimental to his harvests he has always 
raised enough to support his family and in the 
main has been successful. He is certainly well 
satisfied with his residence in Texas, for he is 
surrounded by pleasant neighbors and friends. 
He successfully carried on his farm work until 
1890, when he bought five acres adjoining the 
corporation limits of Nocona and built there- 
on a commodious residence and other necessary 
buildings and retired from active farm labor, 
turning over the work of the home place to his 
sons, who were instructed by him in the best 
methods of carrying on the farm. 

Politically Mr. Reynolds is a Democrat but has 
never sought or desired office, content to devote 
his energies to his business affairs. He is a wor- 
thy member of the Masonic fraternity and both 
he and his wife belong to the Order of the East- 
ern Star. 

Mr. Reynolds was married to Miss Mary Ma- 
lissa Loving, who was born in Calhoun county, 
Mississippi, July 15, 1847, and is a daughter of 
Solon A. and Ann (Stevens) Loving, both of 
whom were natives of Alabama, but were mar- 
ried in Mississippi, whence they came to Texas 
in 1849, settling first in Marion county, where 
Mr. Loving engaged in farming and raising 
cattle. In 1856 he removed his family and stock 
to Palo Pinto county in order to secure the bene- 
fit of the wider range and there he suffered the 
hardships and dangers of pioneer life because 
of Indian depredations, so in 1858 returned with 
his family to eastern Texas for safety, while he 
went with his herd to Montague county and lo- 



cated his ranch on Victoria Peak. He still suf- 
fered because of the Indian thieving propensities 
but continued to hold his ranch for a number 
of years. He was the first white man that ever 
drove a herd of cattle through the cross timbers 
of Montague county. He continued to hold his 
ranch until 1861, when he left his stock with 
his herdman and enlisted for service in the Con- 
federate army, where he continued for a year, 
when on account of illness and an accident he was 
paroled and sent home but never recovered his 
health sufficiently to return to the army, remain- 
ing in eastern Texas. While he lived at his home 
there his hired man continued to conduct the 
ranch and sold beef cattle, reducing his herd in 
this manner until finally he sold out entirely from 
the cattle business. Later he removed to his 
farm in Titus county, where he lived until 1877, 
when he bought a large farm in Montague coun- 
ty, of which he is still the owner. This he con- 
ducted successfully for a number of years but 
he is now living retired at Nocona, where he and 
his wife reside in the enjoyment of the fruits 
of his former toil. He has invested in some 
stone business houses here and he now possesses 
a competency for old age. He is widely known 
and highly respected, being recognized as a man 
of unquestioned integrity in his business affairs. 
His wife, Catherine A. Stevens, was born in 
Alabama, April 17, 1828, and was a daughter of 
Joseph G. and Salina (Pruitt) Stevens, the for- 
mer a native of the District of Columbia and of 
Irish descent, while the latter was a native of 
South Carolina. Her father was a farmer by 
occupation and settled in Mississippi, where he 
conducted a plantation with the aid of his slaves. 
He served for two years in the Confederate army 
and both he and his wife died in Mississippi, his 
death occurring in 1864, while his wife passed 
away in 1870. The members of the Pruitt fami- 
ly were: Valentine, M. M., Salina and Eleanor. 
Salina became the wife of a twin brother of Jo- 
seph G. Pruitt prior to her marriage to the last 
named and both brothers were soldiers of the 
Revolutionary War. Her children by her first 
marriage were : William, John, Mrs. Betsy Brock 
and Mrs. Nancy Yarnell. The mother was a 
Presbyterian in her religious faith. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stevens became the parents of 
ten children: Margaret E., now Mrs. Williams; 
E. D., who died in Mississippi; Mrs. Catherine 
A. Loving; Mrs. Ulrika Thompson; Mary F., 
the wife of Dr. Land ; Salina G., the wife of 
Dr. McKrut; Isaac S., who died in childhood; 
Joseph R., a farmer and stock dealer ; John, who 
died in the army ; and Horace M., an agricultur- 
ist. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



The home of Mr. and Mrs. Loving was blessed 
with six children : M. Malissa, who is now Mrs. 
Reynolds ; Joseph, living in the Indian Territory ; 
William, who died at the age of fifteen years; 
Martha, who died at the age of five years ; Anna, 
who married Mr. Gray and after his death be- 
came Mrs. Bush; and Chapman, who is living 
in Bowie, Texas. Both Mr. and Mrs. Loving 
are consistent members of the Methodist church, 
highly esteemed by all who know them. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds have been born 
thirteen children: Dora, the wife of S. Allen; 
Robert, who died and left a wife and one child ; 
Fanny, the wife of John Davis ; Maggie, the wife 
of John Fitzworth ; Sallie, who died at the age 
of fourteen years ; Maud, the wife of W. Maples ; 
Flora, the wife of A. Brown ; Ord, who married 
J. Dobbins ; Rose, who wedded E. Taylor ; Nona 
M., who died at the age of six years ; Henry, 
who is a student in a business college ; David 
Crockett and Arthur, both at home. Mr. and 
Mrs. Reynolds have every reason to be proud of 
their family, for their sons and daughters have 
taken up the work of life in able manner. The 
parents, having a wide acquaintance in Montague 
county, enjoy the good will and confidence of 
all who know them and justly deserve mention in 
this volume. 

THOMAS FLINN SWEAZEA. The gen- 
tleman whose life achievements and whose 
family genealogy are treated in the following 
article is one of the substantial citizens and 
successful farmers of Clay county. On his 
advent hither in 1878 he pre-empted a tract of 
land five and a half miles northwest of Bellevue 
and, with his limited means, began its improve- 
ment and cultivation. Flis industry and his 
thrift worked marked changes in it during the 
twelve years he occupied it and when he de- 
serted it to take possession of his present home 
it had the appearance of a Clay county farm. 

In 1888 Mr. Sweazea bought three hundred 
and sixty-four acres of land two miles north- 
west of Bellevue, which has been transformed, 
under his magic touch, into one of the most at- 
tractive and valuable farmsteads near Bellevue. 
Good land was only worth four dollars an acre 
when he purchased his, and this tract, together 
with the one he entered from the state, gives 
him a holding of more than six hundred acres 
in the county. 

Thomas F. Sweazea was born in Shelby 
county, Texas, June 13, 1848. His father, 
Matthias Sweazea, was a Wayne county, Mis- 
souri, settler and located in Shelby county 
about 1846. The latter's birth occurred in Mis- 



souri about 1820 and his death in Shelby county, 
Texas, in 1865. He left brothers in Wayne 
county, Missouri, and had a brother, Jeff, who 
passed his life in California. Matthias Sweazea 
was a Confederate soldier, having served inter- 
mittently under several enlistments, and died 
in the prime of life at the close of the war. He 
married Hannah L. McFadden in Wayne 
county, Missouri, who, at the age of eighty-one, 
is active and is in the enjoyment of life among 
her several children. She was married to Mr. 
McFadden prior to her union with Matthias 
Sweazea and had the following issue : Nancy 
J., who died in West Texas, as Mrs. Fernando 
AA^heeler, leaving children ; Artemissa, who 
passed away in Robertson county, as Mrs. Joe 
Bolton, also leaving children; Mary Ann, Mrs. 
Charles Bolton, who died in Robertson county, 
was the youngest child and she also left heirs. 
Thomas F. was the first Sweazea, and the 
others were: James F., of Castro county, 
Texas ; Elizabeth, wife of Nathaniel Wilson, of 
Indian Territory ; Amanda J., who resides in 
Greer county, Oklahoma, as the wife_of James 
Watson; Matthias, who died in Oklahoma, 
leaving a family, and Laura, wife of Rankin 
Clark, of Portales, New Mexico. 

The school advantages of Thomas F. Swea- 
zea were poor. He grew up during and just 
after the war when conditions were very un- 
stable and when facilities for educating the 
young were very meager. The log schoolhouse 
with slab benches was the natural habitation of 
the children of the war period and the teach- 
er's occupation was, oftentimes, that of keep- 
ing school instead of teaching it. 

Mr. Sweazea became acquainted with work 
very young in life. He began life at "cropping" 
about the first years of the '60s, and his efforts 
had won him an eighty-acre farm before he left 
Shelby county. He pocketed the proceeds 
of its sale in 1873, when he started west, and 
had spent the most of it in search of the "right 
place" before he concluded his four years of 
wandering. After he finally settled down "he 
made up for lost time" and is today in a finan- 
cially healthy condition. Grain, feed and cattle- 
raising has he devoted himself to and with what 
success the county tax rolls will positively re- 
veal. 

In Nacogdoches county, Texas, Mr. Sweazea 
married, in December, 1865, Candace A. Bryant, 
a daughter of Mrs. Clarissa A. Bryant, Texas 
settlers from Georgia. Mrs. Sweazea was born 
in Georgia in July, 1848, and is the mother of: 
Thomas Matthias, Modeline, a Wise county 
teacher who died at twenty years of age; Jeff, 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



i8= 



who married Ida Mills, has children, Loma and 
Edith, and farms the old family homestead ; 
Elbert, Stella, wife of Walter Mills, of Castro 
county, Texas, with one child, Jay, and Odie 
and Bertie. 

Although nearing his sixtieth year, Mr. 
Sweazea appears in robust .health and it is evi- 
dent that his years of unremitting toil have 
not imperiled his constitution. His efforts 
here have redounded to the substantial develop- 
ment of Clay county and he deserves credit for 
his success. 

WILLIAM D. HUDGINS. Texas offers 
splendid opportunities to the farmer and stock- 
raiser, its broad prairies and rich land furnish- 
ing excellent pasturage, or if placed under culti- 
vation returning rich and bountiful crops. Mr. 
Hudgins, recognizing the possibilities for suc- 
cessful accomplishments here, is now carry- 
ing on general agricultural interests near 
Smithfield, where he owns three hundred acres 
of valuable land. He is a native of Jackson 
county, Alabama, born December 30, 1847. His 
parents were Elnathan and Sarah (Proctor) 
Hudgins, both of whom were also natives of 
Alabama. In the year 1854 the father came 
with his family from that state to Texas, mak- 
ing his way to Tarrant county and, settling on 
the present site of Grapevine, he was one of the 
first residents of the locality and aided in mak- 
ing the place a habitable district with modern 
improvements and the evidences of an advanced 
civilization. There he continued to reside until 
called to his final rest, passing away in March, 
1902. His wife has also departed this life. At 
one time he served as justice of the peace and 
he was ever interested in the public welfare, 
co-operating in many movements for the gen- 
eral good. The public schools especially found- 
in him a helpful friend. He was for many years 
a consistent member and pillar of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, South, holding membership 
with the congregation in Grapevine, of which 
he was practically the founder. He became 
well known as a pioneer local preacher of his 
time and his efforts in behalf of the church were 
far reaching and beneficial and contributed in 
substantial measure to the moral development 
of the community. He was twice married and 
had a large number of children. Of those sur- 
viving four are residents of Grapevine : Molly 
E., the wife of J. N. Willis ; Laura, the wife of 
J. B. Richmond; Eliza, the wife of Alexander 
Dye, and James C. In the death of the father 
Grapevine lost one of its pioneer residents and 
well known citizens, whose memory will be 



long enshrined in the hearts of those who knew 
him, his influence remaining as a blessed bene- 
diction to those with whom he was associated. 
The Methodist Episcopal church there, of 
which he was the founder, contains a memorial 
window and portrait of Mr. Hudgins, placed 
there in his honor and in recognition of an up- 
right life that was so important a factor in re- 
ligious progress of this portion of the county. 
He was likewise an exemplary member of the 
Masonic lodge at Grapevine and joined it on 
its organization. 

William D. Hudgins of this review was rear- 
ed to adult age at Grapevine, having been 
brought to this state by his parents when a lit- 
tle lad of seven summers. He was educated in 
the public schools and the knowledge therein 
gained was supplemented by experience of a 
practical business career and the information 
obtained through reading and observation. 
After arriving at years of maturity he wedded 
Lucy E. Turner, a sister of I. E. Turner, of 
Smithfield, Texas, and they became the parents 
of ten children : Florence, the wife of A. O. 
Robinson, of Birdville, Texas ; F. Albert, who 
is living in Memphis, Texas ; Henry T., also a 
resident of Memphis ; T. Edward, who makes 
his home in Hartley county, this state ; El- 
nathan, of Memphis; Johannah, the wife of 
George Dixon, of Paul county, Texas ; William 
W., who makes his home in Dallas, Texas : 
Mary K., who is with her father ; Laura A., the 
wife of Albert Gibbins, of Fort Worth, and 
James M., also at home. The mother of these 
children departed this life in April, iqoo, and 
Mr. Hudgins afterward married Mrs. Ella Grif- 
fin, of Dallas, Texas. 

Over a quarter of a century ago Mr. Hudgins 
settled upon his present farm near Smithfield 
and is devoting his time and energies to gen- 
eral agricultural pursuits and stock-raising, 
both branches of his business proving profit- 
able. The farm is well equipped with modern 
conveniences and in its thrifty and attractive 
appearance indicates his careful supervision 
and progressive methods. All he possesses 
has been practically acquired through his own 
labors and he may therefore be said to have won 
the proud American title of a self-made man. 

Mr. Hudgins belongs to Grand Prairie Lodge 
No. 455, A. F. & A. M., at Smithfield, in which 
he is a past master. For years he has taken an 
active part in its work and is thoroughly in 
sympathy with its tenets and teachings, be- 
lieving firmly in its basic principles concern- 
ing the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood 
of man. His religious connection is with the 



r86 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



Methodist Episcopal church, South, at Smith- 
field, in which he served for over a quarter of a 
century as steward and is now acting as one of 
the trustees of the church property. Patriotic 
and public spirited in an eminent degree, he has 
labored persistently and earnestly for the wel- 
fare of his community as well as for individual 
success, and his life has at all times been actu- 
ated by honorable principles and worthy mo- 
tives. 

JESSE J. NUNNALLY, present city audi- 
tor of Fort Worth, has been in various capaci- 
ties connected with the administration of city 
and county affairs here for more than twenty 
years, and is one of the most popular and effi- 
cient public officials in Tarrant county and the 
city of Fort Worth. He has achieved a high 
degree of self-attained success in life, and from 
a farmer boy has reached a position of great 
esteem among his fellow citizens. 

He was born in November, 1858, in Barren 
county, Kentucky, being a son of B. P. and 
Qara (Holloway) Nunnally. His grandfather 
was brought by his parents to Barren county 
in 1817, among the pioneers, and he followed 
farming nearly all his active career, and now 
lives in Metcalfe county, Kentucky, a vener- 
able old citizen. The mother is deceased. 

Mr. Nunnally was brought up on the Ken- 
tucky homestead, and farming is an occupation 
to which he was inured from early years. He 
got his education in his native county, and at 
the age of eighteen began teaching school. He 
continued this for several terms, and in 1881, 
when twenty-three years old, he came to Tar- 
rant county, Texas. In the spring of that year 
he taught the old Watson school near Arling- 
ton, completing a three months' term. On the 
first day of August following he was intro- 
duced to a long official career in the county 
by beginning work as a clerk in the office of 
County Clerk John F. Swayne, of Fort Worth. 
He remained in that office almost continuously 
until July 1, 1889, and following that he served 
four years as deputy tax collector under Frank 
Hovencamp. On December 15, 1896, he was 
appointed city auditor to fill a vacancy, and on 
April 8 of the following year was elected to 
this office at the regular city election, and has 
been re-elected for each subsequent term. 

Mr. Nunnally has affiliated with the Knights 
of Pythias for a number of years, and is past 
chancellor commander of Queen City Lodge of 
that order. He was married at Sulphur Springs, 
Texas, to Miss Fannie Becton, whose father. 
Dr. E. P. Becton, of that city, was a prominent 



man and was for several years superintendent 
of the State Asylum for the Blind at Austin, 
and who had come to Texas in 1841, in the clays 
of the republic Mr. and Mrs. Nunnally have 
three children, Dorothy, Fru and Jesse J., Jr. 

WILLIAM WANTLAND. The bar of Clay 
county is worthily represented by Henrietta's 
esteemed citizen whose name introduces this bio- 
graphical review. For twenty-one years his life, 
in this county, has been an open book and of his 
varied and wide-spread dealings among his fel- 
lowmen its pages contain no embarrassing or 
disparaging record. He has gone about his 
every-day affairs with that honesty of purpose 
and purity of motive which invariably marks the 
citizen of a sincere type, and the nature of his 
calling and the character of his daily fife have 
wielded a positive and beneficent influence upon 
the social life of his county. 

The Wantlands in Texas are as old as the 
state itself. The year of its admission the father 
of our subject settled in Navarro county, and his 
first years here were passed as an humble and 
youthful citizen around Corsicana. His age was 
about seventeen when he entered the state and 
his circumstances were such that his daily la- 
bors were depended on for his support. With- 
out trade, profession or superior education he 
won his way with his hands and the first well 
dug in the Court plaza in Corsicana was the 
product of his toil. When he finally chose his 
location it was in Grayson county and there he 
eventually became a farmer. As he grew and 
prospered he branched out into the cattle busi- 
ness and, in time, became widely known for his 
varied and extensive interests. 

Charles F. Wantland was the founder of this 
pioneer Texas family, as previously asserted, and 
during the period of the Confederate war he 
was in the Home Guard, a captain in the service, 
and when hostilities had ceased and civil business 
again resumed he became a freighter and en- 
gaged extensively in transporting merchandise 
between Texas points and Forts Sill and Ar- 
buckle in the Indian Territory. While success- 
fully prosecuting this business he met the well 
known Indian, Smith Paul, of Paul's Valley no- 
toriety, and entered a deal with the latter to open 
out a large farm on the Washita river, and he 
fenced, broke out and otherwise improved an ex- 
tensive tract and farmed the same with much 
profit to himself from 1869 to 1881. He also 
held large stock interests on the Canadian river 
and the subject of this review bedded cattle 
where the city of Norman, Oklahoma, now 
stands. 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



187 



Charles F. Wantland was born somewhere in 
East Tennessee and in early childhood was taken 
into Illinois by his parents and was reared near 
Salem, in Marion county. He learned little about 
the three "R's" and consequently began life under 
the embarrassment of semi-illiteracy. He preced- 
ed his parents to Texas and his father, of French 
antecedents, passed his last years in Navarro 
county. Returning- to (jrayson county from 
Paul's Valley he located near Sherman and 
prosecuted the live-stock business with vigor and 
success. He was secretary of the Kimberlin 
Real Estate and Live Stock Association, doing- 
business chiefly in Northwest Texas, but with 
interests also in Grayson county. After the open- 
ing of Oklahoma he became interested in its 
development and the prospect of still further 
business conquest lured him on to Noble where 
he is engaged in the banking business. 

His marriage occurred in Grayson county in 
1853, the lady of his choice being Miss Lucy 
Jennings, whose father, Jack Jennings, was one 
of the most widely and favorably known of all 
Grayson county farmers. The latter came to 
Texas from Jackson county, Missouri, did his 
part toward the improvement and development 
of Grayson county and died there. Five children 
were born to this union, of which William was the 
middle one. Lewis C, of Purcell, Indian Terri- 
tory, and Marion W., who died at Siloam 
Springs, Arkansas, being older, and Mrs. W. T. 
Shannon, of Belton, Texas, an only sister, and 
John M., of Chickasha, Indian Territory, being 
younger than William. 

In Paul's Valley and in Grayson county was 
William Wantland brought up. He was born 
near Sherman, August 30, 1857, and was educat- 
ed in the common schools and in the Bonham 
Christian College. Charles Carlton, well known 
to many Texas youths of that time, was his 
teacher, and the influence of his teacher was par- 
amount to that of his books. To be exact, the 
first impressions gained in a school were gathered 
at Red River Station, where a sort of stockade 
enclosed or protected settlers against the Indians 
and the school conducted in proximity to this 
picket fortification was presided over by Prof. 
Phillips, one of the type of old-time school- 
masters who paid more attention to manners than 
to books and believed in producing ladies and 
gentlemen rather than scholars. Leaving Bon- 
ham College, Mr. Wantland became a student 
in the law department of Trinity University, at 
Tehuacana, where he finished the course in 1878 
and was admitted to the bar at Corsicana, soon 
afterward, before Judge D. M. Prendergast, of 
Mexia. He, with a few others, were entrusted 



with the task of writing out their own certificates 
of admission, a proceeding not at all customary 
then nor since, and his initial work in a law 
office was as clerk with Fears and Wilkinson at 
Sherman, Texas. He remained there a year and 
then went into the office of Judge Hurt at Dal- 
las and served him a year. He then cast about 
for a location to begin the practice for himself. 
While in the employ of Fears and Wilkinson he 
tried his first case, which was a civil suit against 
Byers Bros., now the noted cattlemen, brought 
by Deere, Mansur and Company for the collec- 
tion of an account for machinery. 

Stopping in Gainesville first on his road west, 
Mr. Wantland remained only a year and after 
a short period of unsettled purpose he opened an 
office in Clay county in 1884. 

His forte is civil law, yet he has been connect- 
ed with suits of a different character and from 
1896 to 1898 he was county attorney of Clay 
county. He has allied himself on the side of 
Democracy in all political contests, believing in 
its tenets strictly, but politics has had no hand 
in bringing him success in his profession. 

Mr. Wantland was married in Limestone coun- 
ty, Texas, January 1, 1883, to Miss Maud Scott, 
a daughter of Beverly and Hettie (Williams) 
Scott, who settled at Waco, from Mississippi, 
in an early day, and reared a son and three 
daughters. Mrs. Wantland was born June 30, 
i860, and is the mother of Willie Zoe, wife of 
Herbert J. Smith, cashier of the Farmers' and 
Merchants' Bank of Bellevue, who have a son, 
Wantland J., and Lois Wantland. 

Mr. Wantland is an Odd Fellow and a Mason 
and holds membership in his town. His connec- 
tion with many of the substantial affairs of his 
town makes his influence a dominating one in 
any matter affecting the interests of the people 
and his encouragement goes out to whatever 
gives promise of good to his fellowmen. 

DR. WILLIAM H. COOKE, of Clarendon, 
has enjoyed a remarkable career in the profession 
of dentistry. Remarkable, in the first place, for 
its length, since it has been over half a century 
from the day when he did his first professional 
work; remarkable, too, for the energy and en- 
thusiasm with which he has prosecuted his life 
work, and during all these years and notwith- 
standing the almost revolutionary changes which 
have been wrought by the progress of dental sci- 
ence, elevating its practice from an art into a 
profession, he has maintained his place in the 
forefront rank of his fellow practitioners, and is 
as modern and up-to-date today as he was fifty 
years ago ; and remarkable, as a matter of course 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



from what has been stated, in the eminent suc- 
cess which he has gained wherever he has been 
located, and he has attained both professional 
prominence and great material prosperity, and is 
recognized as one of the most substantial men 
of Clarendon and of Northwest Texas. 

Dr. Cooke is the wonder and admiration of his 
friends in that, though now almost at the sev- 
enty-fifth milestone of life, he has preserved his 
youthful spirits and energy almost intact, and is 
still a man of perfect health and activity. Born 
in McMinn county, east Tennessee, December 
22, 1830, he belonged to one of the oldest and 
most prominent families of that region, being 
a son of H. C. and Mary (Wood) Cooke. His 
father, a native of Culpeper county, Virginia, 
came to east Tennessee in the pioneer days, in 
18 1 4. He established a plantation on the old 
Starr Indian reservation, buying his land from 
Caleb Starr, the head of the noted Cherokee 
Indian family of that name. This old plantation 
remained the home of H. C. Cooke until his 
death in 1859. He was a planter and slave 
owner. Mary (Wood) Cooke, the mother, was 
born in ease Tennessee, of a Virginia family, and 
died in Bonham, Texas, in 1886, at the age of 
eighty years. 

Dr. Cooke was reared on the old McMinn 
county plantation, and he received a good liter- 
ary education at Hiwosee College. He began 
preparation for the medical profession, studying 
under Dr. James Carson, but when his preceptor 
later became interested in dentistry the pupil 
also decided to adopt that profession, continuing 
his studies under Dr. Carson. He made his first 
gold plate in October, 1853, so that he has since 
had opportunity to celebrate the golden anni- 
versary of that event. His first practice was at 
Cleveland, Tennessee, and in those early days 
of dentistry there were only three others of simi- 
lar occupation in that part of the country. Early 
in 1 861, at the beginning of the Civil war, Dr. 
Cooke enlisted in the Confederate service, in 
Company G, Third Tennessee Regiment, and was 
sent to the drilling camp to prepare for active 
field service. But upon the recommendation of 
a friend, Colonel Brazilton, he was transferred 
to the position of chemist in the Nitre and Min- 
ing Corps, which was organized by the Confed- 
eracy to procure materials for and to manufac- 
ture ammunition. He was stationed^in this ca- 
pacity at Dandridge, Tennessee, until 1863, and 
from that time until the end of the war was at 
Asheville, North Carolina. From the latter place 
lie procured and shipped quantities of saltpetre 
for making ammunition. 

After the war he returned to Cleveland, Ten- 



nessee, and resumed his dental practice, which 
he continued until 1876. He then came to Texas, 
and for some fifteen years was located at Bon- 
ham, and in 1890 moved to Denton, where he 
went into partnership with his cousin, Dr. Car- 
son, a son of his old preceptor. He practiced 
in Denton until July, 1897, when having ac- 
quired a ranch and some cattle in Donley county, 
he came to Clarendon and has practiced here 
ever since. 

Dr. Cooke is and always has been an indefati- 
gable student, especially in his profession, and has 
constantly kept up with the advance in his sci- 
ence. He enjoys a large practice and makes 
money in all branches of his work. He has held 
the belief that one is never too old to learn, espe- 
cially in the dental profession, and during 1872- 
y^ he took a course and graduated at the St. 
Louis Dental College, and in 1882-83 he took- 
further courses in the dental department of the 
University of Tennessee at Nashville. He is a 
member of the National Dental Association, the 
Southern Dental Association and the Texas Den-, 
tal Association, and in the last named he has, 
missed but one meeting since 1882. 

His ranch and farm consists of two sections-, 
of land eight miles east of Clarendon. Besides, 
his cattle, he has two hundred acres in cultiva- 
tion devoted to general farm products, and in 
the six years that he has been raising crops 
he has never yet recorded a failure, which is a 
creditable record not only to his fine ranch and 
farm but to the general possibilities and resources 
of this great Panhandle country. 

Dr. Cooke is a member of the Baptist church, 
and is affiliated with the Masons. He was married 
at Charleston, Tennessee, in 1857 to Miss Mary. 
A. Cantz, and their five children have since, 
grown up to careers of usefulness in their respec-. 
tive communities. The children are : Mrs. An-, 
nie Cooke Briggs, wife of Dr. J. R. Briggs, who N 
owns a large and successful sanitarium at Oak 
Cliff, Dallas, Texas ; Robert F. ; Mrs. Fannie Er- 
win ; John Esten Cooke, editor of the Banner-. 
Stockman, at Clarendon ; and Mrs. Margaret Mc- 
Cormick. 

NOAH RISLEY. The gentleman whose 
name introduces this personal article is one of 
the promoters of an industry which is making 
Jack county known beyond the limits of the Lone 
Star state and is one of the chief factors in 
sustaining Jacksboro as an important mart in the 
world of local trade. Responding to the oppor- 
tunity to reap a harvest from the products of 
nature's soil, Risley brothers, of whom our sub- 
ject is one, established a plant for the crushing 




MR. AND MRS. NOAH RISLEY 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



189 



of stone and for the sawing of building stone 
from the great quarries of fine limestone under- 
lying the city for the great and growing mar- 
kets for both these products springing up all 
over the South, and its establishment marks 
an era in the history of the county seat. 

As already intimated elsewhere in this work, 
Risley brothers have had no small part in the 
industrial affairs of Jacksboro for nearly twenty 
years. From the building of the court house and 
jail to the construction of innumerable business 
blocks on three sides of the square to the pro- 
motion, from this point, of other important work 
■elsewhere, and to the erection of their plant for 
putting on the market a product which has made 
themselves and their town famous, the brothers 
became known and their prowess as mechanics, 
their character as citizens and their standing as 
men have justified the patronage their enterprise 
has won and the confidence in them universally 
reposed. 

Having abandoned mechanics on coming to 
Texas in 1878 -and taking up farming in Clay 
county, our subject tired of the unsatisfactory 
results of the latter in a short time and joined 
his brother in resuming contract work, a business 
they had engaged in for some years prior to their 
entry to the empire commonwealth of the south. 
He was connected with the building of the court 
houses at Henrietta and Jacksboro and the addi- 
tion to that of Georgetown and the jails at 
Jacksboro and Gatesville and the Masonic temple 
at Waco, and the flouring mill and elevator and 
the oil mill at Jacksboro, and with other con- 
tracts of importance of a different character else- 
where. For the Diebolt Safe and Lock Co. he 
aided in putting in vaults and safes all over Texas 
and in Louisiana, constructing in Houston the 
largest vault in the United States at the time, and 
actively identified with fire-proof vault-building 
at Galveston, New Orleans and Baton Rouge. 
With his brother he constructed garbage crema- 
tories over Texas under their own and other 
patents, doing work in some of the best towns 
of the state, as mentioned in the sketch of Ward 
Risley herein. 

In 1899 the crusher business in Jacksboro was 
begun when Risley brothers started a small ^'ant 
just above the station of the Rock Island id it 
was operated while the business of the concern 
was becoming known and while the character 
of the Jacksboro stone was being tried and tested. 
In three years the capacity of the infant plant 
was too small and in 1902 Risley Brothers and 
Co. was incorporated with a capital of $30,000.00, 
one-half paid up, the brothers taking thirteen- 



fifteenths of the stock. With the future open- 
ing up as bright as it has begun for ballast and 
with the building era of Texas unimpeded for 
another decade the crusher and building stone in- 
dustry of Jacksboro will assume immense propor- 
tions. 

The Risleys are known as Michigan men. 
June 12, 1848, Noah Risley was born in Berrien 
county, Michigan, where his father, Alanson Ris- 
ley, settled in 1847. The family was from Syra- 
cuse, New York, where the latter's birth oc- 
curred in 1816. The family was originally a 
Connecticut one, an English sea captain having 
founded it in the Nutmeg state during old colo- 
nial times. The most remote New York ancestor 
of the family seems to have been Wait Risley, 
who married a Miss Cautch and lived and died 
near Syracuse on a farm. He was the grand- 
father of our subject and his children were: 
Sallie ; Polly, who married Harvey Dart and died 
in Berrien county, Michigan ; Stephen, of 
Buchanan county, Iowa ; Wait and Alanson. 

Alanson Risley was married in DuPage county, 
Illinois, to Lucy A. Porter, a daughter of David 
G. and Charlotte (Lathrop) Porter, from Onon- 
daga county, New York. He passed his life 
in his native state, in Illinois, and in Michigan, 
chiefly as a farmer. He manifested some liking 
for mechanics for he was a house-carpenter in 
the development period of the Wolverine state 
and can be said to have been a success in life. 
He took a warm interest in civil affairs, was a 
Republican and served for a time in the Union 
army during the rebellion. His command was 
Company B, Sixth Michigan, and he served ten 
months under Gen. Butler and was discharged 
for disability. He died in Berrien county in 
1863, April 10, and his wife passed away January 
8th, 1876. 

Of the issue of Alanson and Lucy Risley, Wait, 
the oldest, enlisted in the army with his father 
and died on his eighteenth birthday ; Ward en- 
listed for military duty but failed to pass exam- 
ination ; Noah, our subject: Charlotte, who mar- 
ried S. R. Spry and died in Berrien county, Mich- 
igan ; Job, who died at twenty-one years ; and 
George W., of Luder, Texas. 

Noah Risley came to early manhood on the 
farm and attended no public school until he could 
read in the third reader, his instruction having 
emanated from his competent and thoughtful 
mother. He began life at fifteen years of age, 
doing something at carpenter work and contrib- 
uting toward his own support. He acquired the 
trade of a carpenter and followed it many years, 
then learning masonry and, as the occasion de- 



190 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



manded, picking- up a knowledge of blacksmith- 
ing besides. He remained with his native locali- 
ty until 1878, when, as before stated, he identi- 
fied himself with Texas and became a farmer 
in the big Worsham pasture in Clay county. 

In Berrien county, Michigan, Mr. Risley was 
united in marriage December 20, 1868; with 
Hattie Spry, a daughter of William and Char- 
lotte Spry. Mrs. Risley was born in Berrien 
county, February 7, 1852, and is the mother of 
Mark A., a stonecutter, of Amarillo, Texas, and 
married to Ida Chisholm ; Roger, who married 
Laura Thwing and resides in Cowlitz county, 
Washington ; Myrtle, wife of C. R. Patching, 
of Clay county ; Noah J., of Cowlitz county, 
Washington ; Rosa, Alah M. and Oscar V., all 
deceased ; Barbara, wife of John Phipps ; James 
G. and Benjamin F. 

In politics, in which Mr. Risley was wont to 
become absorbed in younger life, he has differed 
from the dominant political party of both north 
and south. Becoming a Greenbacker, he fol- 
lowed it and its various successors through the 
People's party and now holds limited socialistic 
views. On spiritual questions he is decidedly 
agnostic and is without interest in any secret 
order. 

JOSEPH CALVIN BALES. In the year 
1880 Calvin Edward Bales established this 
worthy family in Montague county, where 
its efforts have in a quiet way added ma- 
terially to the wealth of the community 
as well as to the financial welfare of its 
domestic circle. He was from Fannin coun- 
ty hither, and the place where he settled was on 
a quarter section of Pinola county school land 
four and a half miles east of Bowie. He dropped 
into the stock business for a few years but gradu- 
ally confined his efforts to the farm, as the range 
began to close up. From the material point of 
view his life was a fairly successful one and when 
he died, in 1889, he left a homestead as his es- 
tate. 

Calvin E. Bales was born in Buncombe county, 
North Carolina, in 1806, and he grew to man- 
hood in Georgia, whither his mother had moved 
about [811. For his wife he married Mary E. 
Hale, who passed away at her home, where her 
son now lives, in 1888, at sixty-three years of age. 
Thej lefl Hall county, Georgia, in 1870, bound 
for the Lone Star state. En route they stopped 
two years in Franklin county, Alabama, finish- 
ing their journey in 1872 and settling in Fannin 
county. There they purchased a farm and were 
occupied with its cultivation until their removal 
into Montague county some eight years later. 



Mr. Bales, Sr., was the father of Noah LaFay- 
ette, who returned to Hall county, Georgia, about 
1881 ; Franklin, of Pierce, Indian Territory; 
Mattie and Lou, twins, the former Mrs. Frank 
Howard and the latter died in Fannin county, 
Texas, as the wife of Charles Forsythe, and 
both left families ; Jesse, of Fannin county ; 
George, who passed away in the Chocktaw na- 
tion leaving a family; Ed, who was drowned in 
Red river, single; Joseph C, our subject; and 
John, of the Chocktaw Nation. 

The country schools of Fannin county provid- 
ed Joseph C. Bales with a fair education and he 
made himself indispensably useful on the range 
and the farm in their new home in Montague 
county. His pioneer home in Montague was 
little better than a log pen, but it served its pur- 
pose and during its occupancy it never lost its 
significance as expressed in the strains of John 
Howard Payne in his world-familiar hymn, "Be 
it ever so humble there's no place like home." 

The domicile that provides shelter and comfort 
to the present occupants of the old Bales home 
was erected by our subject in 1899 and it and 
its surroundings form one of the beautiful and 
attractive places along the public highway. Air. 
Bales started life with his young wife with very 
inconsiderable means. He bought out the other 
heirs to the old home and was forced to borrow 
the money with which to have the papers execut- 
ed and put of record. Possessing great industry 
themselves, practicing rigid economy and exhib- 
iting- good business judgment the apparently 
monumental debt with which they began life 
was wiped out and the home has long since been 
their own. One hundred and thirty-three and 
two-thirds acres comprise the homestead, of 
which forty acres are devoted to fruit. His place 
is among the choicest of the fruit-growing region 
of the county and Providence has ordered and 
decreed, in the past, that it shall support its own- 
ers in comfort and in plenty. 

December 13, 1881, Mr. Bales married Mattie, 
a daughter of Wilson and Mary (Griffin) Wil- 
cox, who came originally, from Missouri. En 
route to Texas they stopped in Louisiana, where 
Mrs. Bales was born in 1869. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bales' children are : Zella, the wife of Robert 
Nichols, of Montague county, whose child is 
Tennie L. ; Benjamin. Andrew, William, Flor- 
ney D., Etta, Josephine, deceased, Mark and 
Ruby constitute the remainder of the family. 

Mr. Bales has allied himself with the prevail- 
ing political party of Texas and he has considered 
his political duty done when he has cast his vote. 
He has permitted nothing to draw his attention 
from his farm and to his tenacity and persistency 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



191 



is attributable his substantial success. He was 
born in Hall county, Georgia, July 16, 1862. 

LITTLETON G. PRITCHARD is a man 
of self-made achievement and influence, who has 
made himself what he is by earnestness and dili- 
gent perseverance throughout life from the time 
of boyhood. He is now one of the leading citi- 
zens of Tarrant county. He is the county road 
supervisor, is mayor of the municipality of North 
Fort Worth, and is a leading real estate dealer. 

He was born in i860 in the state of Alabama, 
his parents being S. D. and Harriet (Logan) 
Pritchard. When he was eight years old the 
family moved to Copiah county, Mississippi, and 
from then on he was reared in Wesson, Missis- 
sippi. He was accounted as one of the most in- 
dustrious and hard-working lads in that vicinity, 
and early manifested those diligent habits that 
resulted in his rapid progress in later years. He 
was self-reliant and soon made himself independ- 
ent of circumstances or outside assistance. He 
went to work in a cotton mill doing the sweeping 
out and other small general work, at first earn- 
ing twenty-five cents a day. He later learned the 
blacksmith trade, which he followed for a num- 
ber of years. He came to Tarrant county in 
1883, and bought a blacksmith shop in the village 
of Bedford, where he was a citizen for some 
years. About 1890 he moved to Fort Worth 
and located in the northern part of the city, which 
has since been formed as the separate city of 
North Fort Worth. In 1897 he was appointed, 
by the board of county commissioners, as county 
road supervisor for Tarrant county, and has 
filled that position ever since, for the betterment 
and continued improvement of the public high- 
ways of the county, where are some of the best 
roads to be found in the state. In April, 1904, 
he was elected mayor of North Fort Worth. In 
addition to these public responsibilities he is a 
member of the real estate firm of Hall and 
Pritchard, transacting a general business in 
North Fort Worth realty. He is a very popular 
man in this section of the city and has always 
been among the stanchest advocates and helpers 
in its improvement and general upbuilding. The 
extensive stock-yards and packing-house inter- 
ests are located in North Fort Worth, and it is 
a populous and enterprising place. He owns 
considerable real estate in this part of the city, 
and is personally concerned with the growth of 
the industries and improvement of the munici- 
pality. 

Mr. Pritchard is affiliated with the Masonic 
and Knights of Pythias fraternities. He is a man 
of family, and his wife's maiden name was Miss 
Buckland. They have one son, Harry Pritchard. 



DANIEL V. CRITES is the owner of a valu- 
able farming property of nine hundred and twen- 
ty-five acres in Montague county, of which four 
hundred acres is under a high state of cultivation. 
He, however, has retired from the active work of 
the farm and is living in Nocona, where he like- 
wise has extensive and valuable property inter- 
ests. He is entitled to mention as one of the 
men whose force of character and indefatigable 
enterprise have served as the foundation upon 
which they have builded the superstructure of 
success, for Mr. Crites started out in life empty- 
handed and has worked his way steadily upward 
to prosperity. He was born in Cape Girardeau 
county, Missouri, November 16, .1840. His par- 
ents were Conrad and Polly A. (Wills) Crites, 
the former a native of Missouri and the latter of 
North Carolina. Mrs. Crites, however, spent 
her girlhood days in Missouri, where they were 
married, after which they began their domestic 
life upon a farm, residing thereon until 1859, 
when they came to Texas, locating in Denton 
county, where the father purchased a tract of 
land on which but few improvements had been 
made. He, however, began the further devel- 
opment of the property and in due course of 
time a well improved farm resulted. He became 
one of the leading agriculturists of his communi- 
ty and remained upon the old homestead up to the 
time of his death, which occurred in 1874. In 
all of his business life he was practical and en- 
terprising and his labors were therefore crowned 
with a gratifying measure of success. In his polit- 
ical views he was an unfaltering Democrat, but 
the honors and emoluments of office had no at- 
traction for him. A worthy Christian gentleman, 
he held membership in the Baptist church and 
throughout the community was known as a man 
of charitable and benevolent spirit in whom the 
poor and needy found a friend, while his neigh- 
bors could always count upon his reliability and 
trustworthiness. Fie came of German ancestry. 
His wife was a daughter of Daniel and Polly 
(Walker) Wills of North Carolina, who removed 
to Missouri and later to Texas, where both Mr. 
and Mrs Wills passed away. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Crites were born ten children : Daniel V., of 
this review ; Peter ; William H. ; Harvey ; Mari- 
on ; Francis ; Louisa, the wife of L. A. Hill ; Polly 
A., the wife of J. W. Evans ; Amanda, the wife of 
B. C. Carter; and Sarah J., the wife of Lee 
Cone. 

Daniel V. Crites acquired a common school 
education and when nineteen years of age ac- 
companied his parents on their removal to Texas. 
At the age of twenty-one years he volunteered 
in December, 1861, for service in the Fourteenth 
Texas Cavalry and was assigned to Company 



192 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



II . The regiment was ordered to Arkansas and 
at Little Rock was dismounted. The troops went 
into Kentucky under Kirby Smith and were 
attached to Bragg's command. Mr. Crites par- 
ticipated in the Tennessee and Georgia cam- 
paigns in General Johnston's army and saw much 
skirmishing and considerable hard fighting. The 
first battle in which Mr. Crites participated was 
at Richmond, Kentucky, and later he was in the 
engagements at Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. 
When Johnston was falling back through Geor- 
gia many skirmishes occurred. They made their 
next stand at Altoona, Georgia, where Mr. Crites 
was wounded by a minie ball, which was taken 
out from under the skin on the opposite side of 
the body from which it had entered. He there 
fell into the hands of the federalists and remained 
in the hospital there for six weeks, being well 
cared for by the surgeon of his own command. 
1 [e was later sent to Selma, Alabama, and paroled 
and soon afterward he started home, walking 
from Jackson, Mississippi, to Texas. He was 
never exchanged, and remaining at home re- 
sumed work as soon as his wound had sufficient- 
ly healed. He was a faithful defender of the 
cause which he espoused and was a loyal and 
brave soldier, undergoing all the deprivations 
and hardships of war. 

At the close of hostilities he found that he had 
nothing remaining save his honor and his de- 
termination, but he resolved to make the most 
of his opportunities and at once set to work. 
In 1866 he returned to his own home in Missouri 
on a visit, remaining in that locality for nine 
months, after which he again came to Texas. 

Mr. Crites at this time rented a small tract 
of raw land and began the improvement of a 
farm, building a house and placing some of the 
tract under cultivation. Needing a companion 
and helpmate for life's journey, he was married 
on the 7th of January, 1872, and then began the 
struggle for a competence in earnest. As the 
years passed he placed his farm under a good 
state of cultivation and prospering in his under- 
takings he added to his land until he owned 
five hundred and thirty-five acres, which he suc- 
cessfully improved. He raised twenty-five crops 
on that farm and then in 1893 he sold out and re- 
moved to Montague county, where he purchased 
six hundred and seventy-five acres, of which one 
hundred acres was already under cultivation. 
( fit this he made modern improvements and erect- 
ed a good frame residence, which is attractively 
located in the midst of a fine prove. The land 
was originally purchased from the Broadus & 
Jordan Company and he has further continued 
the work of improvement and development until 



he now has a splendid farm property containing 
nine hundred and twenty-five acres, of which 
four hundred acres is under a high state of cul- 
tivation. He carried on general farming and 
raised and handled stock, and in both branches 
of his business he prospered. He continued 
upon the home farm until 1902, when he gave 
his farming interests to the charge of his son, 
who is now carrying forward the work inaugur- 
ated by his father. Mr. Crites has since made his 
home in Nocona, where he purchased the resi- 
dence that he now occupies, and in addition he 
has four other houses which he rents. He also 
bought a large block of twelve lots on Main 
street near the business center of the town and 
this is occupied by a livery stable, wagon yard 
and blacksmith shop. The ground is valuable 
and Mr. Crites' realty possessions in Nocona as 
well as his farm are a visible evidence of his life 
of unremitting thrift and diligence: He indeed 
deserves much credit for what he has achieved 
and he has come off victor in the struesfle for 
prosperity and for advancement in business life. 
On the 7th of January, 1872, Mr. Crites was 
married to Miss Nancy E. Priddy, who was born 
in the Cherokee district of Tennessee and has 
been a devoted wife and helpmate to him. She 
is a daughter of Burk and Minerva (Walker) 
Priddy, the latter a daughter of Robert Walker 
of McMinn county, Tennessee. Her parents 
were married March 11, 1834. Her father, 
Burk Priddy, is a son of John and Nancy (Whit- 
lock) Priddy, the former a native of Halifax 
county, Virginia, and the latter of North Caro- 
lina. John Priddy lived successively in his na- 
tive state, Stokes county, North Carolina, Cooke 
county, Tennessee, and Polk county, Missouri, 
where he died March 8, 1861. at the age of eigh- 
ty-three years. His wife, Nancy Whitlock, was 
a daughter of Charles Whitlock, a native of 
Ireland. She was born in Albemarle county, 
North Carolina, and died in Polk county, Mis- 
souri, in 1857, at the age of eighty-five years. 
The children in that family were : Polly, who 
became Mrs. Alford Taylor and died in 1888 in 
her eighty-fifth year ; and two sons, Davis and 
Burk. The last named was born in Stokes coun- 
ty, North Carolina, where he remained until thir- 
teen years of age, when he accompanied his par- 
ents on their removal to Cooke county, Tennes- 
see, where his youth and early manhood were 
spent. In 1834 he married Minerva Walker, 
a daughter of Robert Walker of McMinn county, 
Tennessee, and a descendant of a leading and 
honored pioneer family of that state. In com- 
pany with his father and their respective families 
Burk Priddy removed to Missouri, settling in 



HISTORY OF NORTH AND WEST TEXAS. 



193 



Polk county, where he remained until 1870, when 
he removed to Grayson county, Texas, and pur- 
chased a fine farm, which he conducted success- 
fully for many years. He was reared to agricul- 
tural pursuits and his taste and inclination have 
caused him always to be identified with farming 
and stock-raising interests. He owned a fine 
farm of rich black soil of one hundred and sev- 
enty-five acres which he kept in good con- 
dition and in his agricultural pursuits was quite 
successful. He also had farm property in Cooke 
county and won a handsome competence for old 
age. In his business affairs he was reliable and 
at all times was worthy the esteem and confidence 
so uniformly accorded him. In his old age he 
sold the Grayson county property and came to 
Montague county in order to spend the evening of 
life among his children, and both he and his 
wife died at the home of their daughter. Mrs. 
Coe, in Nocona, Mrs. Priddy passing away De- 
cember 2, 1900, at the age of eighty-six years, 
while Mr. Priddy died April 20, 1904, at the age 
of ninety-four years. His wife was a consistent 
Methodist. During the war of the rebellion 
both armies foraged on his farm and finally the 
soldiers destroyed his house by fire and he had 
to seek safety elsewhere. In his family were 
nine children : Nancy E., now Mrs. Crites ; 
Rachel A., the wife of A. Pulliam ; Felix G. ; 
Catherine, the wife of E. T. Coe of Nocona; 
Davis ; Wilton J. ; Margaret A., the wife of Jo- 
seph Hodges ; Willis ; and William B. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Crites has been 
blessed with two children. Clark W., born in 
November, 1874, married Miss Eva Davis, a 
daughter of W. D. Davis, formerly of Montague 
county, but now of Indian Territory. He is a 
farmer widely and favorably known in his com- 
munity and is quite successful in his stock-rais- 
ing ventures. He occupies the old homestead 
and is thus carrying forward the work done by 
his father. Both he and his wife are members 
of the Methodist church and to them have been 
born four children: Bonnie C, born March 9, 
1899; Daniel Virgil, in October, 1901 ; Roy D., 
in October, 1903; Adda B., born August 11, 
1905. Adda Crites, the daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Daniel Crites, was born in August, 1875, 
and became the wife of B. T. Davis, a merchant 
of Nocona. They had two children, Paul C. 
and Teeola, but the young mother was called 
from her home in death, April 25, 1901. She 
was an earnest Christian woman, belonging to 
the Methodist church. Her children now find 
a good home with their grandparents, Mr. and 
Mrs. Crites, who are also worthy Christian peo- 
ple, the former holding membership in the Bap- 



tist church and the latter in the Methodist church. 
As the years have passed Mr. Crites has won the 
high esteem of those with whom he has been as- 
sociated, for his life has been honorable, his ac- 
tions manly and sincere. His business career, 
too, illustrates "what may be accomplished 
through determined and persistent purpose when 
guided bv sound judgment and honorable meth- 
ods. 

JOHN T WILLIAMS, sheriff of Wilbarger 
county, is the type of man best fitted for that 
responsible office. He is cool, calm and deter- 
mined in the presence of danger — danger is no 
slight element in the career of a sheriff in North- 
west Texas even in this day of enlightenment 
and advanced civilization. Mr. Williams has 
been connected with the office for over fifteen 
years, beginning at a time when a man's life 
was not worth a pin's fee before the despera- 
does who at one time infested this portion of 
the state. At all times and under all circum- 
stances Sheriff Williams has performed his du- 
ties unflinchingly, and his record for efficiency 
and length of service cannot be surpassed in the 
state. 

Mr. Williams was born in Daingerfield, Morris 
county, Texas, February 22, 1861. His parents 
were W. P. and Elvira (Stratton) Williams, his 
father being a native of New York state, and his 
mother born and reared in Virginia, whence she 
came with her